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DAILY HERALD. J —PUBLISHED— BRVF.N DAYS A W REX. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JAMS J. AVERS. AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. city ornciAi. paper. ■Sntered at tho postoffice at Los Angeles as seooud class matter.! BBLIVERED BY CARRIERS At W>e. per H«k, or SOe. per Montli. TERMS BY MAIL, INCLUDING POSTAGE: Daily Herald, one year $8.00 Duly Herald, six months * 25 Daily Herald, three morths 2.2 ft Weekly Herald, ono year 2.00 Weekly Herald, six months 100 Weekly Herald, three mouths 80 bxrrrKATKu H*bald, per oopy IB Local Comwspondknce from adjacent towns ■pocially sorieited. Rbmityanktes should be mide by draft, chock, postoffieeerder or postal note. The latter should ot sent for ell sums less than $5. orei' r, or Publication, 123-5 West Seocmd street, between Spring and Fort, Los Angeles. Notice to Mall Subscribers.. The papers of au delinquent mail subscribers to the Los Angeles Daily Herald will be promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers will be sent to subscribers by mail unlo-s the same have been paid for in advance. This rule is in*exible. Ayers A Lynch. JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT-Owing to our greatly increased facilities we are prepared to etiecuie all kinds of Job work in a superior manner. Special attention will be given to commercial and legal printing, and all orders will be promptly filled at modeiate rates. «IINDAI, JANUARY (t, 1889. Tim demand is still clamorous on the part of the hard-bested taxpayer to know just what he gets for his money. The coming Inaugural, if the war comes up to the manifesto, ought to be a very gala event. It is authoritatively announced that Murchison will be there. As the Herald has revealed the true author of the Murchison letter a vigilant eye will be kept on the movements of Col. Jim Eastman for some time to come. It strikes us that tbe Coroner is doing a very brisk business in Los Angeles county of late. Probably this is one of Nature's undiscovered laws of compen sation. As people rarely die hereabouts from disease, to keep up the average in some fashion it is necessary to kill peo ple offhand by malice prepense or acci dent. Spokane Falls, in Eastern Washing ton Territory, has increased in a few years from a hamlet of 200 inhabitants to a well built city of 18,000 souls. Seattle and Tacoma on Paget Sound are growing at an amazing pace. Yet there are some who think Los Angeles with all her attractions 13 growing too rapidly. Los Angeles has only begun to grow. There will be no serious interruption to her development until her population reaches 250,000. Revised figures as to the balance of trade against the United States in its transactions abroad do not show so badly as a telegram, on which the Herald based an editorial the other day, would indicate. The unpleasant showing re lated to the last fiscal year. It appears that for the first five months of the cur rent fiscal year the balance turned in our favor to the amount of upwards of two millions of dollars. The sum is small but it is on the right side of the ledger. We know little of Mr. Joseph Neuman, but we suspect that he is a very enter prising as well as public spirited citizen. Having succeeded in getting an appropri ation of $2,500 from Congress to enable him to catch on to the habitat and idio syncracies of the wild native silk worm of California, he is now after another appropriation of $25,000 to enable him to establish observatory stations to watch the said wild worm, predicting untold wealth as the result of his occultation with this creature of the woods. Almost any one of us would be willing to attend to a red-horned rhinoceros on the same principles. We don't know who Joseph Neuman is, but his tactics remind us remarkably of the able and versatile Paul Neuman, of happy memory. Whoever he is, be possesses either gall or genius in signal measure—perhaps both. We are informed by raal e3tate men that tbere is a great demand just now for small tracts of land for truck garden ing purposes. There is a large class of people now coming to Los Angeles who are willing to engage in truck raising, and who would gladly lease ten, twenty and thirty-acre tracts for a term of years. Strange to say, it is difficult to get such lands in quantities to suit, and yet there are immense areas of moist soil in this county on which industrious men could not only make a living, but accumulate competencies. We could name a dozen ranchos, like the Cerritos and Alamitos, which could be either subdivided and •old or leased to those desirous of culti vating them. It would be far better for the owners of these lands to place them on the market or lease them, thus help ing to release us from dependence abroad and enhancing the value of their prop erties. The Herald's suggestion that the times of paying the city and county taxes should be so changed that they should fall dne at removes of six months from each other meets with great favor on all hands. This is tbe least shape the remedy ought to take. Many citizens who have to bear the burdens of main taining the tax-eaters insist that the taxes ought to be paid quarterly. Our representatives at Sacramento have a capital opportunity to make themselves popular by formulating a law making this change. The difficulty experienced in paying State and county taxes this year shows that another great conveni ence to our people would be the estab lishment, when taxes accrue, of branch departments of the Tax Collector's office in Santa Ana, Pomona and even in East Los Angeles. This would be a sensible improvement on present methods and a great saving of time and labor to the taxpayer. THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HBRALI* SUNDAY MORJNING, JANUARY tf, 1889. Good Suggestions The Board of Trade held a meeting last Friday, and a report of the proceed ings will be foand in the Herald this morning. Many excellent suggestions are contained therein. It is over 500 miles from this city to the State Peni tentiary or the State Insane Asylum. To transport criminals or patients such a distance is a great expense. A branch of both institutions should be established in this end of the State at once. Oar Senators and Assemblymen ought to rosh this matter with vigor. The passage of the New Charter is urged. The Kbrald opposed that in strument on the ground that it was snfair in its apportionment of the wards, and on other grounds. The people either thought us wrong in these matters, or they thought the ob jections were not of sufficient moment to defeat the Charter. At any rate, they voted for the Charter by an overwhelm ing majority. The Herald is a great re specter of the will of the sovereign peo ple. By all means let them have what they want. If it is baa, they will find it out and remedy its defects. Anything that can be done to secure the efficiency of our water-sheds, and to preserve our forests, is in the right direc tion. It is of particular importance to this end of the State. As to the establishment of a military I post in this section, it was first broached in these columns. It is a wise movement that should be carried out. Tne necessity of a central branch post office is a great necessity. The Herald has dwelt on this at diverse times. Prompt action is demanded in the mat ter. But of all, the sewer system caps the climax in its importance. The Board of Trade has done well to take it up. The Chamber of Commerce should join in the acclaim, and all citizens should swell the chorns until the system is in active operation. The matter of a building inspector is another Herald idea. For three or four years we have been making demands for this office, and hope soon to see it in ex istence. It ought to have been an active element in the building of the city for years past. The Board of Trade, if it will keep along in this grove will establish for it self an excellent raison d'etrt. The police of the city of Chicago are a high and mighty body of men. While the Anarchists are a great nuisance and ought to be held within the limits of the law, it is a question as to whether the polico, in its treatment of these cranks, has not all along proved itself the more lawless element of the two. The rights of assembling, petitioning, and openly bearing arms are dear to the American people and should not be wantonly in fringed. They are written in the organic law of the United States. A free press is the very breath of life ef American in stitutions, and free speech is dearer than any other earthly possession to the right thinking citizen. Within the past two months the right of holding meetings in public halls has been practically denied in Chicago. People who had a perfect right to hire a hall and spout in it to their hearts' content have been as arbi trarily dispersed as were ever body of patriots in Paris under Louis Napoleon, or in Russia under the Tzars. Not con tent with dispersing visionaries, who should be left to talk themselves to death, these high and mighty potentates have lately tried their hand at muzzling the press. Swarms of venal and un scrupulous detectives, probably most of them blackmailers of the deepest dye, get up cock-and-bull stories of conspira cies, and on these the laws are sus pended, and something infinitely worse than martial rule is inaugurated. We are very much mistaken, or a fine school of despotism is being established in Chi cago, and the sooner it is crushed out the better. The late attempt to intimidate the Times will probably result in some limit being put to the arrogance of offi cials who have grown too big for their boots, and who seem to regard them selves above both the law and public opinion. It is in these days that we hear a great deal about the revival of the Mon roe doctrine, and it is somewhat unfor tunate that we are not in a condition to lend greater dignity to it by a well equipped navy. Even when it was orig inally formulated by Fresident Monroe, we were in a far better trim than now, although the United States was then a mere infant in resources and population compared to its present status. We had then just emerged from a war with Great Britain in which we had worsted that doughty bully of the seas, and had a prestige on the ocean second to that of no nation on earth. Several times since we were in a commanding position, and notably so at the close of the rebellion, when a hint of the Monroe doctrine from Mr. Seward brought about the de parture the French troops from Mexico and the collapse of the Maxi milian empire. At that date the moni tors had revolutionized the whole science of naval warfare, and the nations of Europe had not had time to remodel their armaments to suit the new depar ture. Since then they have advanced and we have retrograded. Senator Sherman has lately appeared in the role of Jingo, probably to head off Jim Blame. If he will only persuade his party associates to back up his patriotic talk with solid work on making guns and ships the American people will heartily say amen. The tolerably well-authenticated fact that the Union Pacific Railway is about to extend its road through Lob Angeles to tidewater at San Pedro is the most important development we have had in Los Angeles for years past. It has only been paralleled twice in our history, viz., when the Sunset route was inaugurated from Los Angeles to New Orleans and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe bonght the Southern Pacific's road from Mojave to the Needles, thus indicating that it too intended to make Los Angeles it? Pacific Coast terminus. Tbe comple tion of this new transcontinental rail way will double the peryilation of this city and county aud introduce here elements of growth and wealth that have not hitherto been dreamed of. The far! that its building b under way will of itself give this region a guarantee of stability and progress which is worth millions to us. Tfce actual expenditures of money in constructing the road, the build ing of depots, round houses, and prob ably workshops will of themselves count for much, but they will by no means be the sum total of the benefits accruing to us. The advent of this new road will restore to us the old trade with Salt Lake City and the intermediate country, which was one of the leading elements of the 'dobie town of twenty-five and thirty years ago. The fact that the people of Salt Lake naturally gravitated to Los Angeles to do their business three and four decades ago, when the only method of transportation was by packing and prairie schooner, shows that the new road is one of the geographical demands of the continent. With this road com pletes, and a canal once finished by way of Nicaragua, Tehuantepec or Panama, and Las Angeles will have a commercial prismas j.»reat as San i'rancisco. Los Ancki.es COUNTY in 1880 ranked fifth among the fifty-two counties iv the State in population. San Francisco, Ala I meda, Sacramento and Santa Clara out ranked us. In 1886 LO3 Angeles ranked third in population, being exceeded by only San Francieco and Alameda. Sac ramento and Santa Clara had been out stripped in the race for supremacy. In 1888 our county stood second, only San Francisco city and county outranking us, Alameda, which held her second place up to 1886, being now relegated to third rank. San Francisco will have to look out for her laurels. Thie county has nearly 200,000 people and will soon have double that number. In property valua tion the growth of Los Angeles has been even greater than in population. In 18S0 this county stood sixth in rank. She was surpassed by San Francisco, Alameda, Santa Clara, t?an Joaquin and Sacra mento. In 1885 Los Angeles county had risen to fifth place, Sacramento falling back one notch. By 1888, Los Angeles county in her great development, had gone pertaUwn to the second place, all the other counties excepting San Fran cisco having fallen behind her. She therefore now stands in the second rank in both population and prop erty value. The vote of this county in 1880 was 0,085, and in 1888 it was 25,284, an increase of 19,198 in the eigbt ypars. This is the actual vote cast. The registered vote of the county on the second day of last October was over 30,000, with perhaps 5,000 voters in the county who did not register for the reason that they could not vote, not hay ; ing been in the State the full year re quired by law. The press of San Francisco without re gard to party is unanimous in demand ing the continuance of legislation look ing to the exclusion of Chinese labor. By a general concensus of the press and people of this Coast it is better to suffer a temporary inconvenience to the special interests affected than to surrender the legislation which will shortly make uu a homogeneous people, with the Mongol ele ment left out. A farmer in the up country put the proposition very neatly when he said that we would soon have plenty of white labor in California when Cauca sian laborers were treated like white men. One bad effect of the employ ment of Chinamen on farms and orchards has been to pro viae no home comforts for the white laborer, in many instances. He is expected to shift for himself, and to tuck himself up in some convenient corner in his blankets. The creation of the genus tramp in California is dis tinctively owing to this practice, though it was also an out growth to some extent of the nomadic habits of the adventurous men of '49. In the Eastern States, though a farm hand's wages are low, he is treated as a member of the household, and com- fortable accommodations enter into his contract of service. This is a difficulty which will regulate itself with the disap pearance of John Chinaman. The repeal of the Chinese Exclusion law, or the failure to re-enact it, would bring about a race war compared to which the trou bles between the whites and blacks of the South would be a mere bagatelle. And now Los Angeles is to have a girls' seminary under the auspices of the Episcopal Church. There is no city of twice its size in any of the oldest of the States which can boast such excellent educational advantages as Los Angeles. All the churches maintain high-grade schools or colleges here, and nearly all of them have schools for both sexes. Some of them, notably the Methodist and Catholic churches, have finely equipped colleges. Then there are a number of excellent private schools for both sexes, where ail branches of education and all the accomplishments are taught. The public schools of the 1 city are objects of great care, aud ample provision is made fer their maintenance on a very high scale of efficiency. For so new a place, Los Angeles certainly oc cupies a proud pre-eminence in this im portant respect. j The Los Angeles Herald publishes a magnificent New Year's edition, de voted, of course, to the resources and advantages of the southern counties, but worthy of the highest praise as an ad vertisement of California. It is not too' much to say that the Herald has taken 1 the foreniost part in the development of that section of the State, and should have the hearty support of every one in terested. In season and out of season it has worked for the advancement of Los Angeles and tbe surrounding country, and that its efforts have been at least partially appreciated is attested by the prosperity and popularity of tbe paper. —[San Jose Herald. Southern men, because defeated, will not surrender their Democracy.—f Wil miogton Messenger (Demj EASTERN HAPPENINGS. Good Feeling Over the "Q" Strike Hettlement. CHIEF ARTHUR COMING WEST. An Ocean Steamer Sank—Valuable Cargo Lost— Indianapolis Inklings. i Associated Press DlßDatcb.es to the Herald. I Chicago, January s.—Chief Arthur, of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi neers, arrived here this morning and was in conference with Chairman Cave- er and other members of the Grievance Committee with regard to tbe agreement for ending the Burlington strike reached last night. The conference lasted until noon, aud the arrangement made was approved by Arthur. Both sides refuße to give out the terms of the settlement until they have been sent to the various lodges. Cavener says they will be made known Monday or Tuesday. After the committee had taken its departure, a re porter was granted AN AUDIENCE WITH ARTHUR. The latter was very reticent. "Is your piesence iv Chicago due in any way to the 'Q' strike?" was asked. "No, 'replied Arthur, "I am simply passing through the city on my way to California." "Yoa are acquainted with the terms of the agreement entered into with the 'Q' officials." "Yes, sir, and I am exceedingly well pleased with them. The Committee has done its work faithfully and well. The terms upon which the strike was settled are such that they all meet with the ap proval of every Brotherhood man throughout the country." "What are the terms of the agree ment?" "That I am not at liberty to make pub lic. They will first be placed before the Executive Board, which, however, is a mere formality and a courtesy due the Board. The terms will not be made public before the middle of next week. It is safe to say, however, that it was far from an unconditional surrender of the Brotherhood; that several items of im portance to the order were conceded by the officials." "Are you going to California on busi ness or merely for pleasure?" "It is a business trip, though of course I will connect a little pleasure with it, as Mrs. Arthur accompanies me." "What is the nature of your business in California?" "That is something of which 1 can not speak, as it is business of a private nature connected with the Brother hood." Arthur's business in California is un derstood to be in connection with a threatened strike of the Brotherhood en gineers on the Southern Pacific road. But this Arthur denied. He will leave this afternoon for the West. CAVKNER INTERVIEWED. Cavener was asked if Arthur was pleased with the terms of tbe settlement. "Arthur expressed himself as highly pleased," said Cavener, "and said the settlement of the 'Q'strike had taken a great load from his mind." "Are you through here now?" was asked. "Yes, and I leave this afternoon for Cleveland, Ohio. "What is the nature of your business in Cleveland?" At this question Mr. Cavener smiled and said: "It is simply a private mis sion, the nature of which would not in any way interest the public." Notwithstanding Cavener's assertion that his mission to Cleveland is a private one, it is a fact that in his pocket he car ries with him tbe terms of the agreement with the "Q" officials, and will lay them before the Executive Board in person. This done, and his labors in connection ' with the great "Q" strike are at an end, and be will return to his family and business in the Golden State. TERMS OF THE AGREEMENT. A local paper says a man standing high in railway circles told a reporter this afternoon that the engineers had abandoned their claim for the abolish- ment of the trip system and the inaug uration of the mileage plan used by other roads. They had also withdrawn their demand for arbitration of classifi- nation, or graded pay roll. On the other hand, the company has consented to employ Brotherhood men in preference to others as fast as vacancies occur, and to reinstate old employees whenever it can. The black list is also done away with. It is also reported that the com promise will result in the dismissal of the prosecution of the alleged dyna miters, but this is uncertain. INDIANAPUL.IS INKLlNtiig. Boriiian Goes lv for Studebaker Wagons—Dakota Visitors. Indianapolis, January s.—General Harrison did not have many distin guished callers to-day, and there was a noticeable decrease in tbe number of his visitors. Judge Harrison Allen, of Fargo, Dak., who arrived yesterday and bad a talk with General Harrison, was joined to-day by Judge Granville £. Moody, of Dead wood, Dak. Both these gentlemen talk freely about what the people of Da kota want and expect from the new admin istration. Their views, however, do not differ materially from those heretofore chronicled from Governor Melotte and others. Both Moody and Allen favor the division of Dakota; in fact there has not been a single visitor from that sec tion who has not favored and argued for division. About the only views they express that are new to the public is their violent opposition to Congressman Springer's suggestion to change tbe name of South Dakota to Winona or some equally euphonious and appropriate In dian name. This they object to; they want the old names, North and South Dakota. Among the other visitors who called to-day were Clem Studebaker, of South Bend, lad., and bis brother P. E. Stude baker, of Chicago. They called to pay their respects to the General, who is" an old friend, and it is incidentally learned that they have reaeived an order from him to supply him with all the carriages land other vehicles necessary for his use while at the White House. These will be the first vehicles used at the White House which were manufactured west of ' the Allegheny mountains. General and Mrs. Harrison attended the opera this evening. STRUCK AMIDSHIPS. A Valuable Snip and Cargo Sunn by a Collision. Baltimore, January 5. —The British ship Montana, Captain Williams, which sailed this morning for London with an assorted cargo and 214 head of cattle, was sunk this afternoon in a collision off North Point with the German Lloyd steamer Main, Captain Jaiger, which was coming from Bremen. The Montana was strin k full iv the sid« and punk in a few minutes. Chief Engineer Kobert M. Young was killed, but the rest of the crew were transferred to the Main. The latter vessel was struck in the side. The Montana was valued at $360,000, and ber cargo was worth nearly as much more. The greater portion of the cattle were drowned. RAILROAD 111 mil IMii. Burlington's Earnings — Collision Wn Pittsburg and Western. Chicago, January 5 —The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Com pany to-day issued a statement of its earnings and expenses for the month of November and the eleven months ending November 30th. The gross earnings for November were $2,230,830, against $2,340,833 for the corresponding month in 1887. The expenses for November were $1,453,826, against $1,108,915 lor the same time the previous For the eleven months the gross c irnings and expenses were, respectively, $21,621,493 and $19,259,124, and for the corresponding period the year before, $25,412 690 and $13,985,936. New York, January 5. —Jay Gould has issued a peremptory order to General Manager Clark, of the Missouri Pacilic, to investigate, and if he finds any agent who has cut rates, to discharge him at once. George Gould Bays he don't be lieve any cut rate will be made on that line. Cleveland, 0., January s.—Two freight trains collided on the Pittsburg and Western road to-night. Both engineers and one fireman were fatally injured. POLICE AND EDITORS. Inspector Bonfield Prefers Further Charges of Elbel. Chicago, January s.—Managing Editor Jens J. Christensen, of the Arbeiter Zei twig, was arrested to-night on two war rants charging him with criminal libel. The complainants are Inspector Bonfield and Captain Kchaack. Christensen pub lished The Times' charges and elaborated on them in bitter editorials. Christen sen was quickly released ou bail. War rants were issued also for City Editor Dens, but he could not be found. The cases of JamesJ. West and Joseph Dunlap, respectively publisher and city editor of the Times, who were arrested last night at the instance of Inspector Bonfield and Captain Schaak on the charge of criminal libel, came up before Justice White. Upon request they were postponed until January 10th. Arguments were begun before Judge Tuley to-day on the motion of the Ar beiter Bund to enjoin the police from in terfering with their meetings. The argu ments were not finished when the court adjourned, and will be resumed on Mon day. Ml BUI IE WILL OCT. Bed-Nosed mine confesses tbe rtlcClure>l?lannaa;an Slnrder. Wii.kesuakre, Pa., January 5. — Michael Hessillio, alias "Red-Nosed Mike," arrested on suspicion of com plicity in the murder of Paymaster and the theft of a large amount of money, last summer, has confessed. He implicates three others. He claims not to have had a part in the actual shooting. He told the detectives where the rifles used, in conjunction with revolvers, and the satchel iv which the money was carried, were secreted near Miner's mills and to-day they were recovered. It is stated here to-night that two of the other three men have been arrested in New York and will be brought to this city on the early morning train. The arrest and developments have created the most in tense excitement and rejoicing through out this section. fount)-Scut War In Nebraska. Elwood, Neb., Januarys.—The Sheriff and a posse of seventy-five men made a descent on Homerville yesterday, during the absence of the county officials at McCook, disarmed the citizens who were guarding the courthouse with Winchester rifles, and brought back a portion of the county records to Elwood. On November 30th the long and bitter fight for the county-seat of Gosper county culminated in an election, in which the necessary two thirds vote for its removal from Homer ville to Elwood was secured. Homer ville, however, refused to give up the records. The latest developments, of course, divides the records between the two towns and broadens the chasm be tween their respective citizens, with excellent prospects of further hostilities in the near future. Tne tJodman Will Case. Boston, January s.—The Supremo Court has given a decision affirming the decree of the single justice in the case of William S. Dexter, executor of the will of John Amory Codman vs. Martha P. R. Codman et al. This is the celebrated Codman will case which has been pend ing so long before the courts and which has been the subject of great public interest. Codman, in his will, left a great part of his large estate to Mrs. Eliza and H. Kimball, the "Violet" of the amatory letters from Codman which were made public in the case. The executor appealed from the decree of Judge Holmes, who decided that Mrs. Codman had a right to appeal from the decree of the Probate Court allowing the will, and secondly to the decree of Judge Charles Allen, who refused to set aside the verdict of the jury, which found that the will of Codman was executed under undue influence on the part of Mrs. Kimball. Hutchins Heitres front Journalism. Washington, January 5. —Negotiations which have been in progress for some weeks, were concluded this evening, by which the Morning Post, which was founded by Stilson Hutchins in 1877, passed under the control of Frank Hat tou and son and Beriah Wilkins, a Democratic member of Congress from Ouio, whose term expires with the pres ent session. Hutchins will announce his permanent retirement from journalism to-morrow morning in order to attend to other business interests. FrlKhtened Tare. Boston, January s.—The steamship Scythia, of the Cunard Line, which sailed to-day for England, was detained at quarantine until 3 :30 o'clock this af ternoon on account of the desertion of about twenty of her firemen. The men reported to the British Consul that the steamer was loaded above Plimsolls mark, and that they were unwilling to ship aboard her. nn, Cleveland 111. Washington, January s.—Mrs. Cleve land has been confined to her room since Tuesday, and Dr. O'Reilly, the Presi dent's physician,has been in attendance. Mrs.Cleveland's indisposition is believed to be due to the fatigue of the reception on New Year's day. SUGAR REFINING FRAUD Wiseacres Dnped by the Secret Process. THE FRIENDS AND THE HOWARDS How They Astonish the Natives by Their Secretly Acquired Wealth. ssociated Press DisDatcbes to the Herald. 1 Ann Ardor, January s.—Persons in terested in the Electric Sugar Refining Company frauds, at New York, have been in consultation with attorneys here for several days past. The President of the company has been here aud met Mrs. Friend, the Howards and Hol steads, all of whom live at Milan, this State. Mrs. Friend's attorney says there was no intentional fraud, but that the company expected more than was prom ised. She says the company was to furnish money to equip the refinery for refining sugar by "Friend's Secret Pro cess." The company alleges that the refining was to be done from sugar cane. This she cannot do. The contract her hus band made was to refine the sugar at 80 cents a ton or sell out his stock and secret for $2")0.000 after everything was run ning. The company has been running five years and put in over $300,000, but no sugar has yet been refined for the market. Mrs. Friend says tbe company is trying to force from her another secret by which she makes a superior article of sugar from grapes. Instead of getting the secret their contract calls for, this last secret she refuses to divulge for any amount. No arreßts have been made and none even threatened by the com pany's agent, who returned to New York Wednesday. Mrs. Friend is the only one of the party interested in the trans action, the others being merely em ployees. THE HOME OF MRS. FRIEND. Milan, Mich., January 5. —Mrs. Friend's elegant home, half a mile east of here, was deserted this morning. At the house of W. E. Howard, Mrs. How ard was found just setting out to join her husband and daughter, Mrs. Friend, at Ann Arbor. She is a sharp-eyed, brainy old lady, with a determination not to give away what she knows farther than to say that if the New Yorkers have broken open the electric sugar refinery they have lost all their rights and that it would be all well if the process had been lost when Friend died last March: also that she is sure Howard and Mrs. Friend are able to take care of themselves. Sim*' the opening of the sugar business the Howards and the Friends have cut a big swath here, building elegant houses and living as gentlemanly farmers with princely incomes from some source not generally understood, though not without a taint of suspicion. They bought the best, lived high, drove elegant equipages and traveled much between here and New York. The village was greatly ex cited, bat not a whit surprised. DOUBTS AS TO FRIEND'S DEATH. New York, January s.—The leading topic among the brokers and business men down town is the great expose of the late Professor Friend's Electric Sugar Refining Company. Secretary Robertson, of the defunct concern, was nearly paralyzed by a well known Wall street man asking him for ten shares, offering him $10 each for them. Robert son told the man the shares were worth less. The man insisted, and the sale was effected. The purchase is tor the purpose, it is said, of "squeezing" How ard when caught. Howard is the man who swore before a notary public that he had seen the "Professor" refine raw sugar by elecricity. It is now hinted that Friend is not dead at all. There has not been anybody found so far who has seen his corpse. His death is said to have occurred two days before the blizzard of last March. PRESIDENT COTTRELL TALKS. Ann Abbor, Mich., January s.—Presi dent Cottrell,of the Electric Sugar Re finery, was found at the Islangton this morning. He says the report that he is here to procure the arrest of Mrs. Friend is news to him. He cannot talk to the press now, but promises developments in a few days. He denounces the claim made by Mrs. Friend that the contract with her does not specify raw cane sugar, but only cane sugar, as an unmitigated falsehood. The process is far too expen sive to place on the market. There is no question, he says, that the product is finer than that produced by any known process, and would sell better than ordinary refined sugar if it could be made from the raw sugar. The deception consists in manipu lating refined sugar, instead of refining sugar by the new process. On behalf of Mrs. Friend, the claim is made that Prof. Friend invented two distinct processes, one for making a superior article of sugar from refined sugar, the other for making it from grapes, and the latter is worth millions. President Cottrell pronounces this a humbug, but says if there is any thing in the grape process the company is entitled to it. WARRANTS SWORN OUT IN KNULAND. Liverpool, January 5. —Shares of the Electric Sugar Refining Company have fallen to thirty shillings. Warrants have been issued for the apprehension of Mrs. Friend and her step-father, W. E. How ard, who was a Director of the company, and had charge of affairs at the factory at Brooklyn. NO CRIMINAL ASPECT. Detroit, January s.—There ia no criminal aspect in the Electric Sugar Refinery case so far as it has developed here. President Cottrell has been mak ing strenuous efforts to settle with the Friends, who will not give up unless they get a big boodle. They stid insist that their process is exactly what the contract calls for. A Journal reporter has seen the contract and it makes no mention of manufacturing sugar from raw material. The men who pose as dupes confess thffl. The whole thing has been precipitated by the Eng lish stockholders. Cottrell and others who got the Englishmen to subscribe now want control. Mrs. Friend and Howard own a majority of the stock and the alleged secrets. The only way the dupes can determine whether or not they have been duped is to get control. Mrs. Friend is too sharp to be frightened into giving up any secrets. the ciiicaooans wouldn't bite. Cihcaoo, January s,—ln connection with tbe exposure of the Electric Sugar Refining fraud in New York, a local pa per says: "Professor Friend was here about four years ago and endeavored to induce local sugar men to establish a factory. He, however, insisted on keep ing the secret process to himself and none of the merchants would agree, so the scheme fell through. He went East then.