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DAILY HERATT>. —published— BBVKN DAYS A. W XXX. JOSEPH D. IYNCH. JAMES J. AVERS. AVERS A LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. t'irv OFEICIAE PAPER. VKnteres at tbe postofflce at Los Angeles as second class matter.] DELIVERED BY CARRIERS At SC«c.iper Week, or SOc. per month. TERMS BY MAIL, INCLUDING POSTA-HE: Daily Herald, one year 88.00 Daily Herald, six months 4.25 D«.ily Herald, three months 2.25 TstjuKLY Herald, one year 2.00 Weekly Herald, six months 1.00 "Weekly Herald, three months 60 Illustrated Herald, per copy 15 Local Correspondence from adjacent towns specially solicited. Remittances shonld be made by draft, check, postoffice order or postal note. The latter should Be sent for all sums less than 85. OmcE or Publication, 123-5 West Second street, between Spring and Fort, Los Angeles. Notice to Mall Subscribers. The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers to the Los Angeles Daily Herald will be promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers •will be sent to subscribers by mail unle-s the same have been paid for in advance. This rule is inflexible. Ayers 4 Lynch. JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT —Owing to our greatly increased facilities we are prepared to execute all kinds of job work in a superior mauner. Special attention will be given to commercial and legal printing, and all orders will be promptly filled at modei ate rates. WEBMBSBAfi JANIIAHV 0, Iggg. Thb Jockey Club of Santa Monica is an institution which has lately sprung into existence, and which will doubtless be a great boon to the gentlemen lovers of sport in this section. It is founded on the Eastern model. It will have a race course on ground donated by public spirited citizens and will start out under flattering auspices. Santa Monica has thrown off her lethargy and proposes to be a center of gaiety and life. Thb Herald's suggestion that the law, ehonld be so amended that the pay ment of the city and county taxes should be separated by a period of six months, meets the hearty approval of the Los Angeles tax-payers. There is, besides, a strong feeling that it would be an ex cellent thing to make the payment of taxes quarterly. This plan would have the advantage of not making too great a strain on the purse-strings of the citizen, and of not locking up so much money from circulation —both capital ideas. This salutary change ought to be made by the Legislature at once. It is proposed to establish a Deer Park on a large scale in the hills of the San Vicente y Santa Monica rancho of the Messrs. Jones and Baker. In the Sierras back of Santa Monica these gentlemen own some twenty thousand acres, which it is sought to enclose for this purpose. As this hill land lies now it is not pro ductive of revenue. Should it be enclosed, however, the sale of permits to shoot game would doubtless result in some in come to the owners. As it is, about sixty deer are annually shot in these hills. They abound in all kinds of game, which could be greatly increased by judicious regulations, and many people would pay for the privilege of shooting it. We hope to Bee the project carried out. A telegram has been received in thin city setting forth the fact that an agent has actually left Philadelphia, bearing ■with him the form of contract which the hotel syndicate wishes to have signed in order that they may proceed at once with the erection of the great Main and Tenth-street Hotel. The papers of this city yesterday published a telegram to the effect that 110 rooms in the Coronado Hotel have been reserved for the use of a body of capitalists on the way out to spend several weeks in this section. Were there no hotel like the Coronado for these people to come to, they would not come at all. They will not go any where unless they can find all the comforts and luxuries they ex pect. Had the Main and Tenth- Street Hotel been built, these people would have come to Los Angeles. When such a caravansary is opened here many such parties will find their way to this city. Now we do not know what the nature of the contract is which this com missioner bears, but certainly no narrow policy onght to stand in the way of secur ing the hotel. If it were demanded of our citizens that the great hostelry be completed and turned over gratis, it would be well worth the while of the city to meet even this proposition and do all asked. Until we have an abso lutely first-class hotel—first-class in all respects—we will miss the cream of the tourist travel. The distribution of the municipal moneys into several funds is a custom of the Council that has worked gross in justice to the creditors of the city. Under the operation of this system special funds have become exhausted early in the fiscal year; and the owners of city warrants, drawn on special funds, have been obliged to submit to heavy diecounts at times when there has been plenty of money in the treasury. The result has been that they have in nearly all cases been compelled to submit to having their warrants shaved. This is a species of dishonest abracadabra or hokey-pokey that ought to be abolished at once and forever. A certain sum of money should be ap propriated for the sinking fund and the interest on the public debt; and, after that, all that remains in the City Treasury ought to be subject lo check as to all legitimate demands. There can be no question that designat ing particular funds by particular names has resulted in subserving tbe occasions of the money-shaver, and there are great grounds for suspicion that this was the intention in devising this cumbrous and unjust machinery. As long aa there is a dollar in the City Treasury it ought to be responsive to the claims of a right ful creditor. We have no doubt that in law it is so. The idea of having war rants on the Sewer or other funds pro tested while there is plenty of money in the Cash fund is revolting to common cense and positively dishonest. Let us have a change for the better. THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: WEDNESDAY MOKJNIIVG, JANUARY 9, 1889. Certain Reserved Rights •( Man. The arguments brought out by the counsel for the Arbeiter Band of Chi cago in a pending sensational case are proving of great value in re-asserting the essential rights of the citiien and in de fining the proper limits of the police. The last dispatches were sensational in their interest; and Jndge Tuley, if he shall maintain to tbe end the firm, dig nified and intrepid stand which he has thus far carried against a robustious at torney and a domineering police force, will not only make much reputation for himself, but he will do far more—he will prove to be the pioneer in the re-estab lishment of the at one time well under stood and well respected rights of the American citizen. We have drifted so far in this country into the ruts of absolutism that every pii-ayunish little municipal body, and every over-bearing head of a Police de partment, has adopted the notion that that they each and severally can invade the most sacred reserved prescriptions of the citizen and trample on the living letter of the bill of l ights of every State of this Union. Thus far Judge Tuley holds the fort against an insolent Police autocracy, and long may he do so. A great many ordinarily well-informed people have adopted the idea, in their mad and overweening desire to make people virtuous as by law established, that they can invade any right of the cit izen. There are a great many people in this work-a-day world, who think that they have inherited the right from some quarter not indicated, to tell a man how he must eat, drink, live and pray. As a matter of fact he may eat or drink what he pleases, live as he likes so that he does not infringe upon the well-being of others, and pray or not, as may seem to him best. A short time ago a distinguished St. Louis Judge rendered a decision in a case brought up in his court in which the defendants had been engaged, in the privacy of quarters selected by them, in gambling. Their quarters had been rudely broken into vi el armis and they had been arraigned as criminals. Doubt less this learned Judge did not sympa thize with gambling, but he did certainly sympathize with tbe rights of the citizen. He decided that an unwarrantable breach of the law had been committed, not by the citizens who had been having a quiet game amongst themselves, but by the officers of tbe law, who had erroneously supposed themselves to be invested with the autocratic right of breaking in pri vate doors. In the United States we have become so used to the excesses of officials clothed in a little brief authority that we seem, one and all, to have forgotten that splendid and impassioned apostrophe ot Lord Chatham to the Englishman's house which the great orator called his castle. The roof might have fallen in; the winds might buft'dt it and the rains might en ter it; but the King—he dare not enter it. What the King did not dare to do in Lord Chatham's time in England every little picayunish policeman has an idea that he can do in these free United States. The ordinary policeman seems to think that he can take an axe and batter down the doors of any house which he may choose to enter, and where he may think a social party may be engaged in playing a game oi draw poker or progressive euchre, according to the fancy of the occupants. As a matter of fact, the owner of any house has a right to shoot down any man who peeks to enter it by force without due warrant of law, which means a warrant sworn out after full and thorough knowledge of crime. The Chicago Anarchists—a most sense less class of men in the main—will not have lived in vain if they shall have re called American citizens to a knowledge of their rights, quite too long and too thoroughly forgotten. Away With the Mortgage Taxe. The Herald ii pleased to see that the sentiment in favor of repealing the mort gage tax is growing very steadily, the press quite generally favoring an amend ment to the Constitution of California permitting its repeal. This journal can claim the credit of starting the move ment. This tax undoubtedly operates so as to curtail the introduction of capital into this State. In a region in which foreign capital is so desirable as Califor nia there ought not to be such an impe diment to people of means investing their money. There are in this State a hundred enterprises needing the stimulus of capital which would bj most remuner ative both to the lender and borrower, and to shut out the fertilizing fiscal streams is the sheerest shortsight edness. Ail communities noted for growth and development welcome instead of repulsing money. Southern California just now is a most inviting field to the lender on account of the high rates of interest which prevail here. The capital ist of New York and other Eastern cities is content with a return of from three to five per cent, on his spare cash. In accepting these low rates of interest he is influenced by the stable nature of the security. The moment these people should be made to understand that ten percent, and even twelve per cent, per annum could be had here on a security quite as reliable—juch rates can be had here now on settled and liquidated values j ust as sol id as United States four per cent. bonds— money would flow into South ern California in tremendous volume. Just at this stage comes in the mort gage tax, which for the city and county of Loa Angeles amounts just now to two and a half per cent. This figure added to the rate of interest assumes a kite flying aspect to the conservative East ern investor. Knowing nothing of Southern California, he is apt to look with distrust where borrowers are will ing to submit to such heavy exactions. He does not know that most of the rich est men of Southern California—such men as L. J. Rosa for instance—packed loans for years at two per cent, a month and upwards, and were able to do it be cause the returns on their borrowed capi tal were exceptionally large. Eastern men can now place money in Ssnthern California, and notably In Los Angeles coanty, at ten per cent, net on security just as good as twenty dollar pieces. With the op portunities which exist here of turning the nimble dollar, our people can afford to pay such a high usance. At this stage comes in the mortgage tax, and it makes the burden of the borrower most onerous. All intelligent communities encourage the influx of money from abroad, and only Bo'otian peoples repel it. If a vote could be had to-morrow on an amend ment to the Constitution of California repealing the mortgage tax, it would be carried overwhelmingly. Such a vote would be a ballot in favor of progress and prosperity. Our people want free money and plenty of it. In a State in which a dollar fructifies so rapidly as here it is a downright shame to have laws repressive of the free movement of money which smack of the clumsy ignor ance of the Middle Ages. Wo need capital too much to stand over it with a bludgeon and to take toll of it the very moment it makes its appearance. We ought to give it cordial welcome and put it where it will do the mo9t good. We take heart of grace and venture to predict that the mortgage tax is doomed. Coincidently with its disappearance will be chronicled an influx of Eastern capi tal never experienced in this State be fore. Orange Culture. Mr. Garnsey, who lives on West Washington street, called at the Herald office yesterday, bearing in his hand four as fine oranges as ever grew. They came from trees in his garden on Wash ington street. They are of the Bahia, or Washington Navel variety, and of such a size as go one hundred and twenty-five to oi « hundred and fifty in a box. This hvii is beautifully clean, bright, of high color, and free from all scale pests. The district immediately around where these oranges grew is alive with white scale, yet on these trees there is not a sign of one. No wash has ever been used on the trees, and no scale has ever appeared to call for such an ap plication. Mr. GarnEey's method of keeping his trees clean is simple enough, and he says it is univer sally efficient. He learned the secret years ago in Florida. It is only to apply liberally stable manure at the baEe of the tree from time to time, and turn it under with a spade. The ammonia in the manure is said to kill the scale of all sorts. This can be easily tried. Ammonia in more concentrated form might be ap plied. Let all orchardists try it. If they can not apply the pure ammonia, let them at least make use of the stable offal. Surely there is incentive enough to do this. Mr. Garnsey has twenty-six trees on his place. They are only four years planted, yet each tree has at least two boxes of fruit on it now. Tbe oranges are fine in size and color and will sell for $4 a box. Twenty-six trees ii about a quarter of an acre. At $8 a tree this little patch will yield $200 worth of fruit, or at the rate of $800 an acre. This may sound like fable to the uninitiated, but it is absolute fact. Mr. Garnsey was for years in the fruit trade in New York. For three different seasons he visited the Florida orange grove to buy fruit, and each year for one five-acre orchard near Sanford he offered $9,000 for the orange crop. Each year he failed to eecure the fruit forthe reason that some one else bid higher. These facte all coincide with the views in which the Hekalo perseveres. Small orchards with great care will pro duce prodigious returns in orange grow ing. It is very much to be regretted that the Board of Supervisors of Los Angeles is not a salaried body, and it is highly desirable that it should sit, if not con stantly, at least six months in the year. As the law stands now, we believe that it is not possible for a Supervisor to draw more than $5 a day for his services or to receive more than $50 in a single month from this per diem. As a natural conse quence, he is subject to two temptations; viz., firstly, to neglect his duties; and, secondly, to engage in corrupt transac tions, involving the sacrificing of the in terests of the tax-payer. It would have been a great thing for this county in the past if its members had sat straight along aa a Board of Equalization, even though they had received a salary of $250 a month. In that event County Assessor Mason would prob ably not have been allowed to make the assessed value of the county over forty per cent, of that of tke city and county of San Francisco, although in the latter the pirated wealtn of the State and of the coast has been stored for the past forty years. If we had paid the mem bers of the Board liberally, we should have been out of pocket some ten thous and dollars a year more than we have paid them; but then, as a compensation, we should probably have saved at least $300,000 out of tbe large sum we shall be obliged to to send to Sacramento, in a few weeks, as the contribution of Los Angeles Coun ty to the State Treasury. In other words, we should have thrown out a eprat to catch a whale. A properly sala ried Board of Supervisors would be an excellent thing, and we hope the Legis lature will give us this boon. It is one of the demands of the hour. A Fare Raid. The faro game over the Turf Club sa loon, on Spring street, near Temple, was raided last evening and a dealer and five players captured by Officers Bowler anu Boland. The players were taken by surprise, but it being at an hour when there were few visitors, the arrests were not very numerous. The players were required to deposit bail in the sum of $50 each, and the dealer deposited $200 as security for his appearance in court to-day. Undelivered. Telegrams. The following are the telegrams re maining at the Western Union telegraph office up to 10 o'clock last night: Mrs. M. C. Greaves, Mrs. B. C. Frey, IFrithiof Peterson, C. D. Reynolds. IRON HIGHWAYS. A. Notable Speech by Judge Cooley. THE ROADS AND INTERSTATE LAW Where Reforms Are Needed—Passen ger Traffic Rates—Cali fornia Lines. ! Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald I Boston, January 8. —The annual dinner of the Boston Merchants' Associa tion, which took place here this evening in the Hotel Vendome, proved an occa sion of unusual significance. Among the invited guests were Chairman Cooley, nf the Interstate Commerce Commission, Professor Ely, of John Hopkins Uni versity, Francis B, Thurber, Governor Ames, President Capen, of Tuft's Col lege, General Francis A. Walker, Josiah Benton, Jr., and General P. Banks. After dinner "Combination and Competition" and allied subjects were announced as the topic for discussion. Judge Cooley was the first speaker. He said, in part: An urgent call for the modification of the Interstate Act, which comes from railroad circles has sprung up recently. The period during which the law operated the most to the benefit of the railroads was precisely that during which its pro visions were best observed. I think that an undeniable fact, and if it is, it is de serving of more attention than up to this time it has received from the managers of railroads. It was also the period dur ing which the law was complained of the least. There are very vigorous com plaints now. They telate mainly to the clause ot the act which forbids a greater charge on a shorter haul on the same line in the same direction where the cir cumstances and conditions are similar, and that which makes pooling unlawful. The first mentioned clause embodies a principle, right in itself. In large sec tions of the country the roads have come into conformity with it, and not suffered loss from doing so. In others it is not practicable to do so, at least immediately, but the difficulties will diminish as the managers come to a better understand ing among themselves. WHAT THE LAW INTENDS. The law intends that the railroad business of the country shall be done openly and with full publicity. This equal and just purpose is defeated by contrivances that are clearly opposed to the intent of the law. if not to its terms. Now, when parties are thus busy in con triving metiiods for rendering the law of no effect, and their evasions of its pur poses are seen to have a direct tendency to diminish their corporate revenues, they are hardly the parties to put them selves upon the stand to prove that the law is injuring their roads. 1 must insist that the argument now made for pooling is radically unsound and vicious, because it rests upon an assumption that the violation of the law by one is a justification for its violation by another. The sentiment in railroad circles on this subject is not only op posed to sound public morality, but it necessarily tends to the perpetuation of every evil under which the roads are now suffering. Pooling with legal sanc tion would have all the elements of weakness that attended the old pooling, except one. When a pool, as it used to be formed, broke up, there was no en forcing such obligations ab had been in curred while it existed; there was no compelling the payment of balances. With legalized pooling there might be power to do this. Pools antagonize a leading and most valuable principle of industrial life in their attempt not to curb competition merely, but to. put an end to it. All these things go to show something ei.se needs reforming Besides the law. One who investigates railroad disorders will be surprised to find how many of them, though plainly opposed to the spirit of the law, may still be practiced legally. A crying evil in the railroad service is the combination between the scalper and unscrupulous general passenger agent; this will be broken up just as soon as there are ap plied in railroad matters the maxims of business prudence which are expected to control in other interests. If a combi nation in the position of two characters— the railroad manager, in whatever official position, and the speculator in railroad stock—could be rendered im possible, the question of what is right and what is wrong in railroad managers would be heard a good deal oftener than it is now, and the question, what can be done in the evasion of law without en countering its penalties, a good deal more infrequently. FASSENUER TRAFFIC RITES. The Commission Evil to be AboU Ished by the Western Montis. Chicago, January B.—Consideration of tbe new agreement for the government of passenger traffic and rates west of Chi cago will be resumed by the general managers of the interested lines to-mor row, When the discussion of the pro posed articles of agreement was com menced last week some of the managers were wide apart on certain provisions particularly those relating to commission and mileage; but they are now so near an understanding on these points that there is a prospect of unanimous action to-morrow. Strong efforts are being made to abate the commission evil, as well as to put an end to the business relations that ex isted between some passenger agents and scalpers. A majority of the Western roads have already notified their Eastern agents that their commissions for Janu ary will be merely nominal, and they cannot make a reckless reduction in the price of tickets with the expectation that they will still realize the profit of the December reimbursement of the com panies over whose lines the tickets are sold. A specific sum is named as the maximum commission to be paid on the sale of each ticket, and agents are warned that if they go beyond that depth they will have to stand the loss. The present agreement, if adopted, will bind the roads to keep within a very narrow limit in the payment of commissions. THE IsOl'LD SCHEME. ■*• 0»«a» Combination to End All XT , r Kate Cutting;. New York, January 8.-A meeting of the executive officers of nearly all the railroads west of Chicago, together with representatives of the great banking houses of this country and Europe gathered this morning in the residence of J. Pierrepont Morgan, at 11 o'clock, and continued in session until Ip. x., when it adjourned until Thursday. The meet ing was private, of course, but it is known the object was to devise some plan to put an end permanently and effectually to rate cutting. It is believed Jay Gould's railroad clearing house scheme received further consideration. Before the meeting adjourned a com mittee was appointed to prepare necessary panera for the settlement of existing diffi culties, and confer with the Interstate Commerce Commission as to the legality of any plan that might be prepared. This the committee will report on Thursday. Presidents of trunk lines are invited to attend the adjourned meeting. Will Arthur Resign V Chicaoo, January 8 —A. R, Cavener, of California, Chairman of the Engineers' Committee, says he believes the rumor is true that Chief Arthur is about to re sign ; that he is dissatisfied with the ap pointment of the committee at Rich mond to settle the Burlington strike, and that the settlement was in a measure a black eye for him. Cavener denied that he was a candidate for Arthur's place. He said he was offered a much more lucrative position with a New York rail road supply house. He confirmed the report that Arthur was on his way to the coast to investigate trouble on the Southern Pacific road, but declined to talk about it. I* It 't'lie Santa Fc*i» San Francisco, January B.—The rail road columns of the Examiner will to morrow contain the following: The agent of a prominent Eastern railroad in conversation today said to a reporter: "It looks very much as though that mys terious and unknown San Joaquin rail road, the building of which stopped so suddenly a few months ago, is about to be pushed to completion. In my mind there is no doubt that this road, com monly known as the Wilburpage-Paul sell road, is in reality backed up by the Atchison ,Topeka & Santa Fe in pursuance of its well known intention of effecting an entrance to Northern California. The bonds of the Wilbur road have been sold, and ample funds are on hand to warrant the immediate completion of the work. From Fresno the road will enter south ward to Rodgers in Kern county, whbre it win be joined by the Santa Fe line. The Santa Fe folks make an open boast of it and say they will have their own tiains running to tidewater within the next two years. Southern Pacific Lines Inspected. San Francisco, January B.—A. C. Bas sett, General Simerintendent of the Southern Pacific (Northern Division) re turned to-day from an inspection of the Company's roads in the Southern portion of the State. He* reports them all in good condition. The Santa Margarita extension, he said, was not completed, wet weather having interfered with the work. He did not know what would be done with regard to the Templeton ex tension, for the present, at least, said he, work has been discontinued, but it will certainly be completed sometime in the near future. He has added the follow ing stations to the Northern Division list, all being below Templeton: Azuncion, 224 miles from San Francisco-; Atasca dero, 228; Paloma, 230; Santa Margarita, 235. San Francisco, January 8. —A com plete statement of the gross earnings of the Southern Pacific Company for the year 188S has not yet been made, but General Manager Towne said to-day the total amount would be upward of $47,000,000. AMUSEMENTS Lydla Thompson Orawi Big Houses Ml tbe «.rand. A very good bouse assembled at the Grand Opera House last night to see Penelope as presented by the Lydia Thompson Great English Burlesque Company. The piece holds the boards to-night, but to-morrow will give place to another, and it is claimed a better bit of extravagant imagination in Columbus. Coming- Events. Chas. Gordon, advance agent forM. B. Leavitt's Grand European Novelties, is in the city. His show succeeds the big bur lesque company, and opens at the Grand Opera House next Monday night. At the Los Angeles Theatre the veteran minstrel, Ben Cotton assisted by Idalene Cotton, his sprightly young daughter.will open a season on next Sunday night. Ben needs no introdnction to California audiences. "A Woman Scorned." The comedy-drama, A Woman Scorned, which will be presented at the Los An geles Opera House this evening, is by Mr. Geo. S. Wheatly, of San Diego, and the company is composed of leading society people of that city. Their open ing will be welcomed by a very large and fashionable audience, as a laige number are coming up from San Diego, and the society people of this city have taken a good deal of interest in the affair. ARBITRARY FREIGHTS. The Outside Towns Do Not I.ike Them at All. The announcement by the Santa Fe yesterday that in future Los Angeles and San Diego will be the only terminal points for freight in Southern California, will result in a good deal of kicking from the outßide towns. Hitherto a merchant in the could ship goods to River side, San Bernardino, Pasadena or other local points for the same rates that ap plied to Los Angeles, but now this is all changed, and goods destined for outside cities must pay full local rates from the distributing points of Los Angeles and San Diego. Some idea of the effect of this may be obtained from the fact that local rates are from 39 cents to 14)4 cents per 100 pounds, according to class and locality. An Eastern merchant, therefore, wishing to ship to say River side, must first pay the rates to Los Angeles, and then a local charge of 39 cents a hundred for first-class ireight to the objective point. The effect of this will be to build up Los Angeles, for as a distributing center it will now have to supply the goods to the outside cities. Heretofore a merchant in Riverside, San Bernardino, Santa Ana, etc , could deal directly with the East, but now he will find it more advantageous to purchase through the Los Angeles jobbing-houses. The general opinion is that the Southern Pacific people have taken the same action in the matter as the Santa Fe, in fact they announced all along that they were charging the arbitraries, but it is said that at all points where they came in competition with the Santa Fe they made the same allowance as their rivals. The whole issue has resulted from a com bination of the general managers of rail roads all over the country. For the past twelve months the majority of the lines have been operated at a loss, and now it is proposed to get a little profit out of them. It is well known that a railroad depends on its local business for its earnings rather than on through traffic, so by the enforcement of the arbitraries the point sought for will be attained. THE GOLDEN STATE. Lawmakers in Session at Sacramento. WHITE AND HOWE PRESIDING. Caucussing: for Minor Offices—Grape- Growers and Wine- Makers. I Associated Press Dispatches to the Hkkaj.d.' Sacramento, Jannary B.—When the Senate was called to order this morning, Goucher placed 8. M. White in nomina tion for President pro tern. N.E.Wil son was presented by the Republicans for the same position. Out of thirty eight votes cast, White received twenty one and Wilson seventeen. Moftitt nom inated GerogeA. Peckham for Secretary, and Dargie nominated James A. Orr. The former was elected by the same party vote. Rev. A. C. Bane was elected Chaplain, and George W. Taylor Sergeant-at-Arms, after which the Senate adjourned until 11 o'clock to-morrow morning. THE ASSEMBLY. At the session of the Assembly this morning, Robert Howe, of Sonoma, was elected Speaker, defeating Frank L. Coombs, of Napa, by a vote of 43 to 117. .Tere Driscoll was elected Sergeant-at- Arms, his opponent being P, M. Cooley. The other positions were filled by a strict party vote, in accordance with the Democratic caucus last night. Ed. Leake, of Dixon, was elected Chief Clerk. Speaker Howe made a brief speech, in which he called attention to the necessity of revising the registration and election laws. A committee was appointed to in form the Governor and Senate of organi zation, and the Assembly adjourned then till to-morrow morning." DEMOCRATIC SENATORIAL CAUCUS. The Democratic Senatorial Caucus con vened again this afternoon and the fol lowing nominations were made: Assist ant Clerks, J. J. McCarthy, Ban Fran cisco; J. H. Corcoran, Mariposa; W. E. Duncan, Butte; Journal Clerk, Jesse Gal land, San Francisco; Assistants, H. Clough, Oakland ; W. H. Maynard, Peta luma; W. Lee Brown, Sacramento; Minute Clerk, W. E. Bidwell, Stockton; Assistants, J. D. McPike, Stanislaus; Henry Zuller, San Francisco; Vincent Ryan, San Francisco; Engrossing Clerk, Henry Ward, Visalia; Assistants, E. Penry, Amador; Charles Gagus, San Francisco; Kdith Cosby, Sacramento. Enrolling Clerk, Thomas O'Neill; Assistant, M. B. Bransford, Crescent; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, Ferd.of Mo doc; File Clerk, Miss Lena Gesford: Postmistress, Susie Cott; Assistant Post mistress, Mrs. Waldon. The caucus re mained in session until a late hour. the democratic absemhlymen Also caucused and rescinded the nomi nation of Mrs. Kent for Postmistress, made last evening. The name of Miss Flora Coffran, of Sacramento, was sub stituted. Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, of Eldo rado, was nominated for Assistant En grossing Clerk. The nomination of Isa dor Alexander, of Sacramento, for Assist ant Minute Clerk, is expected. THE VINTNERS. Difficulties Unaer Which ike tirape-Urowers Eabor. San Francisco, January B.—A meet ing of the Grape-Growers and Wine- Makers' Association was held to day. M. W. Mclntyre, of Vina, Chairman of the Committee, appointed last August to report concerning the difficulties under which the industry is laboring made an address, and I. De|Turk addressed a communication to the meeting on the same subject, in which he advocates the organ iz it ion of County Viticultural Societies in the grape-growing sections, to gather and prepare statistics cancern ing the industry. They should appoint delegates to the State organization, which could then ascertain from the report of these delegates the nmount produced in the State. If this amount is found to exceed the demand, the next vintner should be compelled to distill his percentage of the excess into brandy, thus operating to raise the price of wines. He also advocated the estab lishment of a central co-operating dis tillery, for the purpose of manufacturing brandy from the excess wines. The As sociation, however, favored the estab lishment of district distilleries, rather than a central distillery. Mr. Weller stated that the vintage of 1888 was but little larger than that of 1887, and was somewhat lacking in color and strength. UNJUST TAXATION. The matter of double taxation received some attention, and Mr. Portal stated that the vines were taxed, the prospec tive crop was taxed and the wine was ' also taxed. The Chair was instructed to appoint a committee to co-operate with the fruit men in obtaining relief by legis lative means. The removal of the inter nal revenue tax from spirits used in fortifying sweet wines was discussed, and the committee appointed to frame reso lutions on the subject reported that such tax encouraged fraud, as evidenced by the sale of sweet wines at prices so low as to preclude their being fortified with tax paid spirits; and, therefore, they de clare it the sense of the Association that such tax should be removed. The action of the California Congressmen in this direction is endorsed. STATE IBOAKD OF TRADE. White Labor In the State In Abuuda ance. San Fbancisco, January 8. —At a meet ing of the Executive Committee of the State Board of Trade this afternoon a resolution was adopted instructing the General Manager to communicate with the State Board of Agriculture and ascer tain the intentions of that body in regard to the holding of a State exhibition of citrus fruits. General Manager Brown reported that the traveling exhibition of California products, now in Minnesota, has been enthusiastically received. A communication was read from the Oakland Board of Trade suggesting that legislative aid for the State Board be asked. The matter was referred back to tbe Oakland Board with the State Board's indorsement. Several members of tbe Federated Trades were introduced and the Chair man of the delegation stated that he and his colleagues bad come in consequence of certain reports that the repeal of the Exclusion act was desired, and that there was not enough white labor in the State to supply the demand. The delegation opposed this view. A general discussion of the subject followed, the Federated Trades representatives stating that em ployment agents declared that there was no order for white labor now which conld not be filled. Tbe committee adjourned without taking definite action.