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Los Angeles daily herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1884-1890, January 09, 1889, Image 4

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DAILY HERATT>.
—published—
BBVKN DAYS A. W XXX.
JOSEPH D. IYNCH. JAMES J. AVERS.
AVERS A LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS.
t'irv OFEICIAE PAPER.
VKnteres at tbe postofflce at Los Angeles as
second class matter.]
DELIVERED BY CARRIERS
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TERMS BY MAIL, INCLUDING POSTA-HE:
Daily Herald, one year 88.00
Daily Herald, six months 4.25
D«.ily Herald, three months 2.25
TstjuKLY Herald, one year 2.00
Weekly Herald, six months 1.00
"Weekly Herald, three months 60
Illustrated Herald, per copy 15
Local Correspondence from adjacent towns
specially solicited.
Remittances shonld be made by draft, check,
postoffice order or postal note. The latter should
Be sent for all sums less than 85.
OmcE or Publication, 123-5 West Second
street, between Spring and Fort, Los Angeles.
Notice to Mall Subscribers.
The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers
to the Los Angeles Daily Herald will be
promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers
•will be sent to subscribers by mail unle-s the
same have been paid for in advance. This rule
is inflexible. Ayers 4 Lynch.
JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT —Owing to
our greatly increased facilities we are prepared
to execute all kinds of job work in a superior
mauner. Special attention will be given to
commercial and legal printing, and all orders
will be promptly filled at modei ate rates.
WEBMBSBAfi JANIIAHV 0, Iggg.
Thb Jockey Club of Santa Monica is
an institution which has lately sprung
into existence, and which will doubtless
be a great boon to the gentlemen lovers
of sport in this section. It is founded on
the Eastern model. It will have a race
course on ground donated by public
spirited citizens and will start out under
flattering auspices. Santa Monica has
thrown off her lethargy and proposes to
be a center of gaiety and life.
Thb Herald's suggestion that the law,
ehonld be so amended that the pay
ment of the city and county taxes should
be separated by a period of six months,
meets the hearty approval of the Los
Angeles tax-payers. There is, besides, a
strong feeling that it would be an ex
cellent thing to make the payment of
taxes quarterly. This plan would have
the advantage of not making too great a
strain on the purse-strings of the citizen,
and of not locking up so much money
from circulation —both capital ideas.
This salutary change ought to be made
by the Legislature at once.
It is proposed to establish a Deer Park
on a large scale in the hills of the San
Vicente y Santa Monica rancho of the
Messrs. Jones and Baker. In the Sierras
back of Santa Monica these gentlemen
own some twenty thousand acres, which
it is sought to enclose for this purpose.
As this hill land lies now it is not pro
ductive of revenue. Should it be enclosed,
however, the sale of permits to shoot
game would doubtless result in some in
come to the owners. As it is, about sixty
deer are annually shot in these hills.
They abound in all kinds of game, which
could be greatly increased by judicious
regulations, and many people would pay
for the privilege of shooting it. We hope
to Bee the project carried out.
A telegram has been received in thin
city setting forth the fact that an agent
has actually left Philadelphia, bearing
■with him the form of contract which the
hotel syndicate wishes to have signed in
order that they may proceed at once
with the erection of the great Main and
Tenth-street Hotel. The papers of this
city yesterday published a telegram to
the effect that 110 rooms in the Coronado
Hotel have been reserved for the use of
a body of capitalists on the way out to
spend several weeks in this section.
Were there no hotel like the Coronado
for these people to come to, they would
not come at all. They will not go any
where unless they can find all the
comforts and luxuries they ex
pect. Had the Main and Tenth-
Street Hotel been built, these people
would have come to Los Angeles. When
such a caravansary is opened here many
such parties will find their way to this
city. Now we do not know what the
nature of the contract is which this com
missioner bears, but certainly no narrow
policy onght to stand in the way of secur
ing the hotel. If it were demanded of
our citizens that the great hostelry be
completed and turned over gratis, it
would be well worth the while of the
city to meet even this proposition and
do all asked. Until we have an abso
lutely first-class hotel—first-class in all
respects—we will miss the cream of the
tourist travel.
The distribution of the municipal
moneys into several funds is a custom of
the Council that has worked gross in
justice to the creditors of the city.
Under the operation of this system
special funds have become exhausted
early in the fiscal year; and the owners
of city warrants, drawn on special funds,
have been obliged to submit to heavy
diecounts at times when there has been
plenty of money in the treasury. The
result has been that they have in nearly
all cases been compelled to submit to
having their warrants shaved. This is a
species of dishonest abracadabra or
hokey-pokey that ought to be abolished
at once and forever. A certain
sum of money should be ap
propriated for the sinking fund
and the interest on the public debt;
and, after that, all that remains in the
City Treasury ought to be subject lo
check as to all legitimate demands.
There can be no question that designat
ing particular funds by particular names
has resulted in subserving tbe occasions
of the money-shaver, and there are
great grounds for suspicion that this was
the intention in devising this cumbrous
and unjust machinery. As long aa there
is a dollar in the City Treasury it ought
to be responsive to the claims of a right
ful creditor. We have no doubt that in
law it is so. The idea of having war
rants on the Sewer or other funds pro
tested while there is plenty of money in
the Cash fund is revolting to common
cense and positively dishonest. Let us
have a change for the better.
THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: WEDNESDAY MOKJNIIVG, JANUARY 9, 1889.
Certain Reserved Rights •( Man.
The arguments brought out by the
counsel for the Arbeiter Band of Chi
cago in a pending sensational case are
proving of great value in re-asserting the
essential rights of the citiien and in de
fining the proper limits of the police.
The last dispatches were sensational in
their interest; and Jndge Tuley, if he
shall maintain to tbe end the firm, dig
nified and intrepid stand which he has
thus far carried against a robustious at
torney and a domineering police force,
will not only make much reputation for
himself, but he will do far more—he will
prove to be the pioneer in the re-estab
lishment of the at one time well under
stood and well respected rights of the
American citizen. We have drifted
so far in this country into the
ruts of absolutism that every
pii-ayunish little municipal body, and
every over-bearing head of a Police de
partment, has adopted the notion that
that they each and severally can invade
the most sacred reserved prescriptions
of the citizen and trample on the living
letter of the bill of l ights of every State
of this Union. Thus far Judge Tuley
holds the fort against an insolent Police
autocracy, and long may he do so.
A great many ordinarily well-informed
people have adopted the idea, in their
mad and overweening desire to make
people virtuous as by law established,
that they can invade any right of the cit
izen. There are a great many people in
this work-a-day world, who think that
they have inherited the right from some
quarter not indicated, to tell a man
how he must eat, drink, live and
pray. As a matter of fact he may
eat or drink what he pleases, live as he
likes so that he does not infringe upon
the well-being of others, and pray or not,
as may seem to him best.
A short time ago a distinguished St.
Louis Judge rendered a decision in a
case brought up in his court in which
the defendants had been engaged, in the
privacy of quarters selected by them, in
gambling. Their quarters had been
rudely broken into vi el armis and they
had been arraigned as criminals. Doubt
less this learned Judge did not sympa
thize with gambling, but he did certainly
sympathize with tbe rights of the citizen.
He decided that an unwarrantable breach
of the law had been committed, not by
the citizens who had been having a quiet
game amongst themselves, but by the
officers of tbe law, who had erroneously
supposed themselves to be invested with
the autocratic right of breaking in pri
vate doors.
In the United States we have become
so used to the excesses of officials clothed
in a little brief authority that we seem,
one and all, to have forgotten that
splendid and impassioned apostrophe ot
Lord Chatham to the Englishman's house
which the great orator called his castle.
The roof might have fallen in; the winds
might buft'dt it and the rains might en
ter it; but the King—he dare not enter
it. What the King did not dare to do in
Lord Chatham's time in England every
little picayunish policeman has an idea
that he can do in these free United
States. The ordinary policeman seems
to think that he can take an axe and
batter down the doors of any house which
he may choose to enter, and where he
may think a social party may
be engaged in playing a game oi draw
poker or progressive euchre, according to
the fancy of the occupants. As a matter
of fact, the owner of any house has a
right to shoot down any man who peeks
to enter it by force without due warrant
of law, which means a warrant sworn
out after full and thorough knowledge of
crime.
The Chicago Anarchists—a most sense
less class of men in the main—will not
have lived in vain if they shall have re
called American citizens to a knowledge
of their rights, quite too long and too
thoroughly forgotten.
Away With the Mortgage Taxe.
The Herald ii pleased to see that the
sentiment in favor of repealing the mort
gage tax is growing very steadily, the
press quite generally favoring an amend
ment to the Constitution of California
permitting its repeal. This journal can
claim the credit of starting the move
ment. This tax undoubtedly operates
so as to curtail the introduction of capital
into this State. In a region in which
foreign capital is so desirable as Califor
nia there ought not to be such an impe
diment to people of means investing
their money. There are in this State a
hundred enterprises needing the stimulus
of capital which would bj most remuner
ative both to the lender and borrower,
and to shut out the fertilizing fiscal
streams is the sheerest shortsight
edness. Ail communities noted for
growth and development welcome instead
of repulsing money. Southern California
just now is a most inviting field to the
lender on account of the high rates of
interest which prevail here. The capital
ist of New York and other Eastern cities
is content with a return of from three to
five per cent, on his spare cash. In
accepting these low rates of interest he is
influenced by the stable nature of the
security. The moment these people
should be made to understand that ten
percent, and even twelve per cent, per
annum could be had here on a security
quite as reliable—juch rates can be had
here now on settled and liquidated values
j ust as sol id as United States four per cent.
bonds— money would flow into South
ern California in tremendous volume.
Just at this stage comes in the mort
gage tax, which for the city and county
of Loa Angeles amounts just now to two
and a half per cent. This figure added
to the rate of interest assumes a kite
flying aspect to the conservative East
ern investor. Knowing nothing of
Southern California, he is apt to look
with distrust where borrowers are will
ing to submit to such heavy exactions.
He does not know that most of the rich
est men of Southern California—such
men as L. J. Rosa for instance—packed
loans for years at two per cent, a month
and upwards, and were able to do it be
cause the returns on their borrowed capi
tal were exceptionally large.
Eastern men can now place money
in Ssnthern California, and notably In
Los Angeles coanty, at ten per
cent, net on security just as good as
twenty dollar pieces. With the op
portunities which exist here of turning
the nimble dollar, our people can afford
to pay such a high usance. At this
stage comes in the mortgage tax, and it
makes the burden of the borrower most
onerous.
All intelligent communities encourage
the influx of money from abroad, and
only Bo'otian peoples repel it. If a vote
could be had to-morrow on an amend
ment to the Constitution of California
repealing the mortgage tax, it would be
carried overwhelmingly. Such a vote
would be a ballot in favor of progress
and prosperity. Our people want free
money and plenty of it. In a State in
which a dollar fructifies so rapidly as
here it is a downright shame to have
laws repressive of the free movement of
money which smack of the clumsy ignor
ance of the Middle Ages. Wo need
capital too much to stand over it with a
bludgeon and to take toll of it the very
moment it makes its appearance. We
ought to give it cordial welcome and put
it where it will do the mo9t good.
We take heart of grace and venture to
predict that the mortgage tax is doomed.
Coincidently with its disappearance will
be chronicled an influx of Eastern capi
tal never experienced in this State be
fore.
Orange Culture.
Mr. Garnsey, who lives on West
Washington street, called at the Herald
office yesterday, bearing in his hand four
as fine oranges as ever grew. They
came from trees in his garden on Wash
ington street. They are of the Bahia,
or Washington Navel variety, and of
such a size as go one hundred and
twenty-five to oi « hundred and fifty in a
box. This hvii is beautifully clean,
bright, of high color, and free from all
scale pests. The district immediately
around where these oranges grew is
alive with white scale, yet on these trees
there is not a sign of one. No wash has
ever been used on the trees, and no scale
has ever appeared to call for such an ap
plication. Mr. GarnEey's method of
keeping his trees clean is simple
enough, and he says it is univer
sally efficient. He learned the secret
years ago in Florida. It is only to apply
liberally stable manure at the baEe of
the tree from time to time, and turn it
under with a spade. The ammonia in the
manure is said to kill the scale of all
sorts. This can be easily tried. Ammonia
in more concentrated form might be ap
plied. Let all orchardists try it. If
they can not apply the pure ammonia, let
them at least make use of the stable
offal. Surely there is incentive enough
to do this. Mr. Garnsey has twenty-six
trees on his place. They are only four
years planted, yet each tree has at least
two boxes of fruit on it now. Tbe
oranges are fine in size and
color and will sell for $4 a
box. Twenty-six trees ii about
a quarter of an acre. At $8 a tree this
little patch will yield $200 worth of fruit,
or at the rate of $800 an acre. This may
sound like fable to the uninitiated, but
it is absolute fact. Mr. Garnsey was for
years in the fruit trade in New York.
For three different seasons he visited
the Florida orange grove to buy fruit, and
each year for one five-acre orchard near
Sanford he offered $9,000 for the orange
crop. Each year he failed to eecure the
fruit forthe reason that some one else bid
higher. These facte all coincide with the
views in which the Hekalo perseveres.
Small orchards with great care will pro
duce prodigious returns in orange grow
ing.
It is very much to be regretted that
the Board of Supervisors of Los Angeles
is not a salaried body, and it is highly
desirable that it should sit, if not con
stantly, at least six months in the year.
As the law stands now, we believe that
it is not possible for a Supervisor to draw
more than $5 a day for his services or to
receive more than $50 in a single month
from this per diem. As a natural conse
quence, he is subject to two temptations;
viz., firstly, to neglect his duties; and,
secondly, to engage in corrupt transac
tions, involving the sacrificing of the in
terests of the tax-payer. It would have
been a great thing for this county in the
past if its members had sat straight
along aa a Board of Equalization, even
though they had received a salary
of $250 a month. In that event
County Assessor Mason would prob
ably not have been allowed to make
the assessed value of the county over
forty per cent, of that of tke city and
county of San Francisco, although in the
latter the pirated wealtn of the State and
of the coast has been stored for the past
forty years. If we had paid the mem
bers of the Board liberally, we should
have been out of pocket some ten thous
and dollars a year more than we have
paid them; but then, as a compensation,
we should probably have saved
at least $300,000 out of tbe large
sum we shall be obliged to
to send to Sacramento, in a few weeks,
as the contribution of Los Angeles Coun
ty to the State Treasury. In other
words, we should have thrown out a
eprat to catch a whale. A properly sala
ried Board of Supervisors would be an
excellent thing, and we hope the Legis
lature will give us this boon. It is one
of the demands of the hour.
A Fare Raid.
The faro game over the Turf Club sa
loon, on Spring street, near Temple, was
raided last evening and a dealer and five
players captured by Officers Bowler anu
Boland. The players were taken by
surprise, but it being at an hour when
there were few visitors, the arrests were
not very numerous. The players were
required to deposit bail in the sum of
$50 each, and the dealer deposited $200
as security for his appearance in court
to-day.
Undelivered. Telegrams.
The following are the telegrams re
maining at the Western Union telegraph
office up to 10 o'clock last night:
Mrs. M. C. Greaves, Mrs. B. C. Frey,
IFrithiof Peterson, C. D. Reynolds.
IRON HIGHWAYS.
A. Notable Speech by Judge
Cooley.
THE ROADS AND INTERSTATE LAW
Where Reforms Are Needed—Passen
ger Traffic Rates—Cali
fornia Lines.
! Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald I
Boston, January 8. —The annual
dinner of the Boston Merchants' Associa
tion, which took place here this evening
in the Hotel Vendome, proved an occa
sion of unusual significance. Among the
invited guests were Chairman Cooley, nf
the Interstate Commerce Commission,
Professor Ely, of John Hopkins Uni
versity, Francis B, Thurber, Governor
Ames, President Capen, of Tuft's Col
lege, General Francis A. Walker, Josiah
Benton, Jr., and General P. Banks. After
dinner "Combination and Competition"
and allied subjects were announced as
the topic for discussion. Judge Cooley
was the first speaker. He said, in part:
An urgent call for the modification of
the Interstate Act, which comes from
railroad circles has sprung up recently.
The period during which the law operated
the most to the benefit of the railroads
was precisely that during which its pro
visions were best observed. I think that
an undeniable fact, and if it is, it is de
serving of more attention than up to this
time it has received from the managers
of railroads. It was also the period dur
ing which the law was complained of the
least. There are very vigorous com
plaints now. They telate mainly to the
clause ot the act which forbids a greater
charge on a shorter haul on the same
line in the same direction where the cir
cumstances and conditions are similar,
and that which makes pooling unlawful.
The first mentioned clause embodies a
principle, right in itself. In large sec
tions of the country the roads have come
into conformity with it, and not suffered
loss from doing so. In others it is not
practicable to do so, at least immediately,
but the difficulties will diminish as the
managers come to a better understand
ing among themselves.
WHAT THE LAW INTENDS.
The law intends that the railroad
business of the country shall be done
openly and with full publicity. This
equal and just purpose is defeated by
contrivances that are clearly opposed to
the intent of the law. if not to its terms.
Now, when parties are thus busy in con
triving metiiods for rendering the law of
no effect, and their evasions of its pur
poses are seen to have a direct tendency
to diminish their corporate revenues,
they are hardly the parties to put them
selves upon the stand to prove that the
law is injuring their roads. 1 must
insist that the argument now
made for pooling is radically unsound
and vicious, because it rests upon an
assumption that the violation of the law
by one is a justification for its violation
by another. The sentiment in railroad
circles on this subject is not only op
posed to sound public morality, but it
necessarily tends to the perpetuation of
every evil under which the roads are
now suffering. Pooling with legal sanc
tion would have all the elements of
weakness that attended the old pooling,
except one. When a pool, as it used to
be formed, broke up, there was no en
forcing such obligations ab had been in
curred while it existed; there was no
compelling the payment of balances.
With legalized pooling there might be
power to do this. Pools antagonize a
leading and most valuable principle of
industrial life in their attempt not to
curb competition merely, but to. put an
end to it. All these things go to show
something ei.se needs reforming
Besides the law. One who investigates
railroad disorders will be surprised to
find how many of them, though plainly
opposed to the spirit of the law, may
still be practiced legally. A crying evil
in the railroad service is the combination
between the scalper and unscrupulous
general passenger agent; this will be
broken up just as soon as there are ap
plied in railroad matters the maxims of
business prudence which are expected to
control in other interests. If a combi
nation in the position of two characters—
the railroad manager, in whatever
official position, and the speculator in
railroad stock—could be rendered im
possible, the question of what is right
and what is wrong in railroad managers
would be heard a good deal oftener than
it is now, and the question, what can be
done in the evasion of law without en
countering its penalties, a good deal
more infrequently.
FASSENUER TRAFFIC RITES.
The Commission Evil to be AboU
Ished by the Western Montis.
Chicago, January B.—Consideration of
tbe new agreement for the government of
passenger traffic and rates west of Chi
cago will be resumed by the general
managers of the interested lines to-mor
row, When the discussion of the pro
posed articles of agreement was com
menced last week some of the managers
were wide apart on certain provisions
particularly those relating to commission
and mileage; but they are now so near
an understanding on these points that
there is a prospect of unanimous action
to-morrow. Strong efforts are being
made to abate the commission evil,
as well as to put an end to
the business relations that ex
isted between some passenger agents
and scalpers. A majority of the Western
roads have already notified their Eastern
agents that their commissions for Janu
ary will be merely nominal, and they
cannot make a reckless reduction in the
price of tickets with the expectation that
they will still realize the profit of the
December reimbursement of the com
panies over whose lines the tickets are
sold. A specific sum is named as the
maximum commission to be paid on the
sale of each ticket, and agents are warned
that if they go beyond that depth they
will have to stand the loss. The present
agreement, if adopted, will bind the
roads to keep within a very narrow limit
in the payment of commissions.
THE IsOl'LD SCHEME.
■*• 0»«a» Combination to End All
XT , r Kate Cutting;.
New York, January 8.-A meeting of
the executive officers of nearly all the
railroads west of Chicago, together with
representatives of the great banking
houses of this country and Europe
gathered this morning in the residence of
J. Pierrepont Morgan, at 11 o'clock, and
continued in session until Ip. x., when
it adjourned until Thursday. The meet
ing was private, of course, but it is known
the object was to devise some plan to
put an end permanently and effectually
to rate cutting. It is believed Jay Gould's
railroad clearing house scheme received
further consideration.
Before the meeting adjourned a com
mittee was appointed to prepare necessary
panera for the settlement of existing diffi
culties, and confer with the Interstate
Commerce Commission as to the legality
of any plan that might be prepared. This
the committee will report on Thursday.
Presidents of trunk lines are invited to
attend the adjourned meeting.
Will Arthur Resign V
Chicaoo, January 8 —A. R, Cavener,
of California, Chairman of the Engineers'
Committee, says he believes the rumor
is true that Chief Arthur is about to re
sign ; that he is dissatisfied with the ap
pointment of the committee at Rich
mond to settle the Burlington strike, and
that the settlement was in a measure a
black eye for him. Cavener denied that
he was a candidate for Arthur's place.
He said he was offered a much more
lucrative position with a New York rail
road supply house.
He confirmed the report that Arthur
was on his way to the coast to investigate
trouble on the Southern Pacific road,
but declined to talk about it.
I* It 't'lie Santa Fc*i»
San Francisco, January B.—The rail
road columns of the Examiner will to
morrow contain the following: The
agent of a prominent Eastern railroad in
conversation today said to a reporter:
"It looks very much as though that mys
terious and unknown San Joaquin rail
road, the building of which stopped so
suddenly a few months ago, is about to
be pushed to completion. In my mind
there is no doubt that this road, com
monly known as the Wilburpage-Paul
sell road, is in reality backed up by the
Atchison ,Topeka & Santa Fe in pursuance
of its well known intention of effecting
an entrance to Northern California. The
bonds of the Wilbur road have been sold,
and ample funds are on hand to warrant
the immediate completion of the work.
From Fresno the road will enter south
ward to Rodgers in Kern county, whbre
it win be joined by the Santa Fe line.
The Santa Fe folks make an open boast
of it and say they will have their own
tiains running to tidewater within the
next two years.
Southern Pacific Lines Inspected.
San Francisco, January B.—A. C. Bas
sett, General Simerintendent of the
Southern Pacific (Northern Division) re
turned to-day from an inspection of the
Company's roads in the Southern portion
of the State. He* reports them all in
good condition. The Santa Margarita
extension, he said, was not completed,
wet weather having interfered with the
work. He did not know what would be
done with regard to the Templeton ex
tension, for the present, at least, said he,
work has been discontinued, but it will
certainly be completed sometime in the
near future. He has added the follow
ing stations to the Northern Division list,
all being below Templeton: Azuncion,
224 miles from San Francisco-; Atasca
dero, 228; Paloma, 230; Santa Margarita,
235.
San Francisco, January 8. —A com
plete statement of the gross earnings of
the Southern Pacific Company for the
year 188S has not yet been made, but
General Manager Towne said to-day the
total amount would be upward of
$47,000,000.
AMUSEMENTS
Lydla Thompson Orawi Big Houses
Ml tbe «.rand.
A very good bouse assembled at the
Grand Opera House last night to see
Penelope as presented by the Lydia
Thompson Great English Burlesque
Company. The piece holds the boards
to-night, but to-morrow will give place
to another, and it is claimed a better bit
of extravagant imagination in Columbus.
Coming- Events.
Chas. Gordon, advance agent forM. B.
Leavitt's Grand European Novelties, is in
the city. His show succeeds the big bur
lesque company, and opens at the Grand
Opera House next Monday night.
At the Los Angeles Theatre the veteran
minstrel, Ben Cotton assisted by Idalene
Cotton, his sprightly young daughter.will
open a season on next Sunday night.
Ben needs no introdnction to California
audiences.
"A Woman Scorned."
The comedy-drama, A Woman Scorned,
which will be presented at the Los An
geles Opera House this evening, is by
Mr. Geo. S. Wheatly, of San Diego, and
the company is composed of leading
society people of that city. Their open
ing will be welcomed by a very large and
fashionable audience, as a laige number
are coming up from San Diego, and the
society people of this city have taken a
good deal of interest in the affair.
ARBITRARY FREIGHTS.
The Outside Towns Do Not I.ike
Them at All.
The announcement by the Santa Fe
yesterday that in future Los Angeles
and San Diego will be the only terminal
points for freight in Southern California,
will result in a good deal of kicking from
the outßide towns. Hitherto a merchant
in the could ship goods to River
side, San Bernardino, Pasadena or other
local points for the same rates that ap
plied to Los Angeles, but now this is all
changed, and goods destined for outside
cities must pay full local rates from the
distributing points of Los Angeles and
San Diego. Some idea of the effect of
this may be obtained from the fact that
local rates are from 39 cents to 14)4
cents per 100 pounds, according to class
and locality. An Eastern merchant,
therefore, wishing to ship to say River
side, must first pay the rates to
Los Angeles, and then a local charge of
39 cents a hundred for first-class ireight
to the objective point. The effect of this
will be to build up Los Angeles, for as a
distributing center it will now have to
supply the goods to the outside cities.
Heretofore a merchant in Riverside, San
Bernardino, Santa Ana, etc , could deal
directly with the East, but now he will
find it more advantageous to purchase
through the Los Angeles jobbing-houses.
The general opinion is that the Southern
Pacific people have taken the same action
in the matter as the Santa Fe, in fact
they announced all along that they were
charging the arbitraries, but it is said
that at all points where they came in
competition with the Santa Fe they
made the same allowance as their rivals.
The whole issue has resulted from a com
bination of the general managers of rail
roads all over the country. For the past
twelve months the majority of the lines
have been operated at a loss, and now it
is proposed to get a little profit out of
them. It is well known that a railroad
depends on its local business for its
earnings rather than on through traffic,
so by the enforcement of the arbitraries
the point sought for will be attained.
THE GOLDEN STATE.
Lawmakers in Session at
Sacramento.
WHITE AND HOWE PRESIDING.
Caucussing: for Minor Offices—Grape-
Growers and Wine-
Makers.
I Associated Press Dispatches to the Hkkaj.d.'
Sacramento, Jannary B.—When the
Senate was called to order this morning,
Goucher placed 8. M. White in nomina
tion for President pro tern. N.E.Wil
son was presented by the Republicans
for the same position. Out of thirty
eight votes cast, White received twenty
one and Wilson seventeen. Moftitt nom
inated GerogeA. Peckham for Secretary,
and Dargie nominated James A. Orr.
The former was elected by the same
party vote. Rev. A. C. Bane was
elected Chaplain, and George W. Taylor
Sergeant-at-Arms, after which the Senate
adjourned until 11 o'clock to-morrow
morning.
THE ASSEMBLY.
At the session of the Assembly this
morning, Robert Howe, of Sonoma, was
elected Speaker, defeating Frank L.
Coombs, of Napa, by a vote of 43 to 117.
.Tere Driscoll was elected Sergeant-at-
Arms, his opponent being P, M. Cooley.
The other positions were filled by a strict
party vote, in accordance with the
Democratic caucus last night. Ed.
Leake, of Dixon, was elected Chief
Clerk.
Speaker Howe made a brief speech, in
which he called attention to the necessity
of revising the registration and election
laws. A committee was appointed to in
form the Governor and Senate of organi
zation, and the Assembly adjourned then
till to-morrow morning."
DEMOCRATIC SENATORIAL CAUCUS.
The Democratic Senatorial Caucus con
vened again this afternoon and the fol
lowing nominations were made: Assist
ant Clerks, J. J. McCarthy, Ban Fran
cisco; J. H. Corcoran, Mariposa; W. E.
Duncan, Butte; Journal Clerk, Jesse
Gal land, San Francisco; Assistants, H.
Clough, Oakland ; W. H. Maynard, Peta
luma; W. Lee Brown, Sacramento;
Minute Clerk, W. E. Bidwell, Stockton;
Assistants, J. D. McPike, Stanislaus;
Henry Zuller, San Francisco; Vincent
Ryan, San Francisco; Engrossing Clerk,
Henry Ward, Visalia; Assistants, E.
Penry, Amador; Charles Gagus, San
Francisco; Kdith Cosby, Sacramento.
Enrolling Clerk, Thomas O'Neill;
Assistant, M. B. Bransford, Crescent;
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, Ferd.of Mo
doc; File Clerk, Miss Lena Gesford:
Postmistress, Susie Cott; Assistant Post
mistress, Mrs. Waldon. The caucus re
mained in session until a late hour.
the democratic absemhlymen
Also caucused and rescinded the nomi
nation of Mrs. Kent for Postmistress,
made last evening. The name of Miss
Flora Coffran, of Sacramento, was sub
stituted. Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, of Eldo
rado, was nominated for Assistant En
grossing Clerk. The nomination of Isa
dor Alexander, of Sacramento, for Assist
ant Minute Clerk, is expected.
THE VINTNERS.
Difficulties Unaer Which ike
tirape-Urowers Eabor.
San Francisco, January B.—A meet
ing of the Grape-Growers and Wine-
Makers' Association was held to day.
M. W. Mclntyre, of Vina, Chairman of
the Committee, appointed last August to
report concerning the difficulties under
which the industry is laboring made an
address, and I. De|Turk addressed a
communication to the meeting on the
same subject, in which he advocates the
organ iz it ion of County Viticultural
Societies in the grape-growing sections,
to gather and prepare statistics cancern
ing the industry. They should appoint
delegates to the State organization,
which could then ascertain from
the report of these delegates the
nmount produced in the State. If this
amount is found to exceed the demand,
the next vintner should be compelled to
distill his percentage of the excess into
brandy, thus operating to raise the price
of wines. He also advocated the estab
lishment of a central co-operating dis
tillery, for the purpose of manufacturing
brandy from the excess wines. The As
sociation, however, favored the estab
lishment of district distilleries, rather
than a central distillery.
Mr. Weller stated that the vintage of
1888 was but little larger than that of
1887, and was somewhat lacking in color
and strength.
UNJUST TAXATION.
The matter of double taxation received
some attention, and Mr. Portal stated
that the vines were taxed, the prospec
tive crop was taxed and the wine was
' also taxed. The Chair was instructed to
appoint a committee to co-operate with
the fruit men in obtaining relief by legis
lative means. The removal of the inter
nal revenue tax from spirits used in
fortifying sweet wines was discussed, and
the committee appointed to frame reso
lutions on the subject reported that such
tax encouraged fraud, as evidenced by
the sale of sweet wines at prices so low
as to preclude their being fortified with
tax paid spirits; and, therefore, they de
clare it the sense of the Association that
such tax should be removed. The action
of the California Congressmen in this
direction is endorsed.
STATE IBOAKD OF TRADE.
White Labor In the State In Abuuda
ance.
San Fbancisco, January 8. —At a meet
ing of the Executive Committee of the
State Board of Trade this afternoon a
resolution was adopted instructing the
General Manager to communicate with
the State Board of Agriculture and ascer
tain the intentions of that body in regard
to the holding of a State exhibition of
citrus fruits.
General Manager Brown reported that
the traveling exhibition of California
products, now in Minnesota, has been
enthusiastically received.
A communication was read from the
Oakland Board of Trade suggesting that
legislative aid for the State Board be
asked. The matter was referred back to
tbe Oakland Board with the State
Board's indorsement.
Several members of tbe Federated
Trades were introduced and the Chair
man of the delegation stated that he and
his colleagues bad come in consequence
of certain reports that the repeal of the
Exclusion act was desired, and that there
was not enough white labor in the State
to supply the demand. The delegation
opposed this view. A general discussion
of the subject followed, the Federated
Trades representatives stating that em
ployment agents declared that there was
no order for white labor now which conld
not be filled. Tbe committee adjourned
without taking definite action.

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