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DAILY HERALD, —fuelishbd— SEVEN DAYS A "W KICK. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JAMBS J. AYBRS. AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. CITY OFFICIAL PAPEB. (Entered at the postoffice at Los Angeles as se co ml class matter. ] DELIVERED BY CARRIERS At tOc.Jper Week, or SOc. per month. TERMS BT MAIL, INCLUDINQ POSTAGE! Daily Herald, one year $8.00 Daily Herald, six months 4.25 Daily Herald, three months 2.2 ft Weekly Herald, one year 2.00 Weekly Herald, six months 1.00 Weekly Herald, three months 60 Illustrated Herald, per copy 15 Local Correspondence Irom adjacent towns specially solicited. Remittances should be made by draft, check, postoffice order or postal note. The latter should De sent for all sums less than $5. Orricß or Publication, 123-5 West Second street, between Spring and Fort, Los Angeles. Notice to Mull Subscribers. The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers to the Los Angeles Daily Herald will be promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers will be sent to subscribers by mail unless the .same have been paid for in advance. This rule Is Inflexible. Ayers & Lynch. FRIDAY, JANUAatY 18, 18S9. The Sewer Pipe Company does not propose to rest on its oars. Plans are being prepared and arrangements made to doable the capacity of the concern at once. This is found necessary in order to complete the orders already on hand. Success to this and to all legitimate en terprises like this. The affair is in the hands of sagacious, wide-awake business men, who know their business, and who propose to push things. Let us have more factories like this. And still the wonder grows amongst our psople as to what became of that $98,000 supposed to have been spent upon the county roads. One of the editors of tbe Herald yesterday met a leading citi zen of Los Angeles county, who does not live a thousand miles from Whittier. To an inquiry as to what had been expended upon the roads in his neighborhood he returned an answer more emphatic than Chesterfieldian, but we reproduce it for the benefit of the public. "Damfino; I don't believe a cent was spent on 'em. If there was any money laid out in road making where I live I have failed to see any evidence of it." The same refrain reaches us from all quarters. The people of Southern California are in urgent seed of a State Prison and will ask the Legislature for relief. The re quest is reasonable and should be im mediately granted.—[Stock Report. It might be just as well to throw in an insane asylum and a boys' and girls' re formatory while the Legislature is about it. Two or three years of the taxes which Los Angeles county alone is made to pay into the State Treasury in excess of her rightful share of the burdens of tbe State would pay for tbe building of all these institutions, and suffice for their maintain ance when built. Anything to keep some of the taxes collected here at home would be looked upon as a work of Flans for new railroads into this sec tion are as prolific of production as a mushroom bed in a humid atmosphere. But in their manifold number the like ness ceases. For they will not perish in a night, as they grow np in a day. From Warner's ranch comes news of surveycrs in the field. And from South Riverside comes the report that the Fomona and Elsinore scheme is revived, with a prop osition to come into Los Angeles and to get out towards Salt Lake by the Cajon Pass. It looks as if some heavy Eastern syndicates were really reaching out for this as an objective point, and with the further intention of running feeding branches into all the valleys and to all the towns in this section. The Golden Belt Cannery at Fullerton is indeed a golden concern to those who own it. On Wednesday last there were dispatched from its doors one carload of canned Lima beans to San Diego, and another to Los Angeles. There is some thing encouraging in reading facts like this. The beans grow on the foothills, north of Anaheim. The farmers get many shekels for the crop. The cannery payß wages to its employees and that goes right back into the channels of trade and keeps the wheels of enterprise duly lubricated. The profits of the concern go into our banks to maintain the credit of the section. By all means let us have more canneries to put up all the products of the country. Let us can our fruits and vegetables. Let us supply all the cities of our own section, and send much of the product abroad to bring in more coin to develop the resources of the most pro ductive section of the globe. The dangers of drinking water are never taken into the count by the devotees of prohibition, and yet Adam's ale, as consumed in American cities, is often the most dangerous fluid in the world, so infinitely more harmful than a glass of light, well-made wine or lager beer that really there is no comparison between these beverages that will not be overwhelmingly against what looks like genuine aqua pura. Dr. F. Riehl, of San Francisco, recently read a paper be fore the Microscopical Society of that city, in which he demonstrated that the unsuspecting resident of the Golden Gate swallows twenty thousand bacteria to every three ounces of Spring Valley water. This analysis, we presume, takes no account of the bacillee, microcuspides and other adventurous infusoria which of themselves can do no little to make a man tarn pale about the gills and look upon tuberculosis as the least of the thousand natural ills that flesh is heir to. So great are the danger's from drinking Spring Valley water that it would seem to a disinterested person that an intelli gent denizen of San Francisco would ask to be cremated at once. However, the San Francisco male biped has never been known to favor water to any alarm ing extent, myriads cf them being utterly ignorant of the taste of that fluid. HERALD: FRIDAY MORIS I iVG, JANUARY 18, 1889. ■ Nobody haa yet taken the trouble to analyze the water of the Los Angeles river. It would be an excellent thing for the Angelefio who affects this primi tive beverage to see that it is either boiled or distilled before drinking. In this way he can aid the climate in mak ing diseases of the typhoid and malarial type very infrequent hereabouts. California at tbe recent National elec tion cast 250,000 votes. Los Angeles coun ty cast 3,000 less than her full registered vote. This county cast somewhat less than one-tenth of the vote of the State. It is therefore fair to assume that there weie 25,000 registered votes that were not cast. There were in the State probably 10,000 voters who had not been here the year necessary to entitle them to the exercise of the elective franchise. If these as sumptions are correct then there ate 285.000 voters in the State. On the ratio of five inhabitants to the voter, this gives the State a population of 1,425,000. Four years ago the total vote of California was less than 197,000. The increase now going on is quite as rapid as at any time in the preceding four years. When the census of 1890 is taken the Golden State will turn up with a population much in excess of 1,500,000. And we shall not jjstle one another then, as the State is as large as a dozen of those along the Atlantic seaboard. California will not be tilled with people, nor her resources fully de veloped when she has a population of 10,000,000. A local dealer is reported as saying that he had made $1,000 net profit out of one carload of butter imported from the west. A carload of butter probably weighs 40,000 pounds. He made only two and one-half cents a pound, which is not an extravagant profit. His gain is the least alarming part of the affair. That $1,000 stayed here and goes to enrich some Angelefio. But that butter cost probably twenty cents apound,orsS,ooo, in Kansas or Nebraska; and it cost $100 to haul it out here. These sums all go back to enrich some one at the East, and to that ex tent impoverish this section. It is quite time to stop it. Industrious farm ers can make all this money excepting the $1,000 profit to the middlemen, by producing the butter here. On any land in this section we can produce better grass and more of it, than can be pro duced on the plains of Kansas or Ne braska. On our moi st lands we can pro duce perennial grasses and pasture the cattle on them all the year long. On our best irrigated or damp alfalfa mead ows we can produce ten times as much grass as the best lands of the State 3 re ferred to ever produced. Fortunes await dairy farmers in this section. Tns kindly spirit which exists in the northern and central counties towards Southern California is well illustrated by the formation of the Assembly commit tees. On eighteen of the principal com mittees of that body there is not a single representative of the southern counties, and that at a time when Los Angeles county alone has shown by her vote that she has a population of fully one hun dred and fifty thousand souls. There are an immense number of corporations, and very important ones at that, in the three counties of Los Angeles, San Ber nardino and San Diego, but there is not a single Assemblyman from any of those counties on the Assembly Committee on Corporations. Many of the members of the Legislature from Southern Cali fornia represent constituencies four times as numerous aa the average of the north ern and central county districts, but this seems to count for nothing in their favor. It is carrying out the old, old policy of discriminating against any thing south of the city and county of San Francisco. The most incredible thing in the history of the United States is the fact that no United States Senator has ever been elected in California south of the southern iine of San Francisco coun ty. And yet our northern compatriots wonder that there is a growing demand for a State of South California. It is greatly to be desired that the area devoted to the cultivation of the grape should be extended in Los Aneeles county. The demand promises to be good. It is true that the price has not been very satisfactory to the vineyardist of late years, but the conditions now are different. Last year grapes of the Mis sion variety brought from $12 to $13 a ton. "We are much mistaken or the price this season will be a material advance on those figures. The facilities for making wines and brandies have greatly in creased in this county during the past year. In the city of Los Angeles Mr. Alfred Stern has increased the capacity of his winery and distillery on a scale of great magnitude. The demand for Cali fornia wines and grape brandies is steadily growing. California brandy is being daily more and more highly appre ciated. Under such circumstances, the area of our vineyards should be largely augmented. It has been di minished to some extent by the vine pest'and perhaps still more by the in sane impulse to lay off corner lots away out in the country. It would have been a great blessing if the speculative fever had left our vineyards and orchards alone. The vine pest will regulate itself, and the gratifying discovery has been made that it don't attack the finer grades of foreign grapes. The inatten tion to existing vineyards can also be remedied by industry and care. We should double their area in the next three years. Let the viticulturist show that be is responsive to the situation. Nurserymen report an unprecedented demand for fruit trees of all sorts. It is said that hundreds of thousands of them will be planted in this section during the current season. The call is most of all for the various sorts of canning peaches and for French prunes. Cer tainly no better selections could be made. Canning peaches, prunes and apricots can be made to enrich this county. Prunes net profits as high as ♦703 an acre. The market for them is at home, that is, in the United States, and is very steady. Large importations of this fruit are made from France. And there is also an active demand for orange trees to make new plantings. These are being put out along the foot hills all the way from the Cahuenga to San Gorgonio pass. Very few of these are now being planted in the valleys. It is gratifying to see these various industries being so vigorously extended. It proves that our people are getting over the mere craze of speculation, and are now turning their attention to the legitimate development of our resources. There is a wide scope for the exercise of this policy. The ut most activity in three years will not half overtake the requirements of the situa tion. Many landowners are in an ex cellent position to do this. They sold off portions of their lands at good prices, and if they are wise this has made them well fore-handed. They can well affjrd to improve their present holdings. Those who have large areas of land will do well to embrace every opportunity to sell off portions ot it at fair prices and on easy terms. What we need now, above all things, is to develop the latent re sources of this section. One who was intimately acquainted with this city at the begincting of the current decade, and who now surveys it after a lapse of eight years, will be sur prised to see how its waste Bpaces have been filled iv with residences. At that time East Los Angeles was a hamlet of scattered cottages, and Boyle Heights had much less population on which to base city pretensions. Out Temple street, west of Bunker Hill, there was hardly a sign of population. Southward, th<ve were few houses below Sixth street. Now East Los Angeles is a very respect able city of herself. Boyle Heights is be coming very compactly settled. The hills for three miles along Temple street are densely peopled. And residences crowd each other to the utmost limits of the city southward. It used to be asserted that there was vacant space enough in Los Angeles city to accommo date half a million people. We still lack something of 100,000 population, but the city ia getting pretty well built up. There are within the charter bounderies of this municipality six miles square, or thirty six square miles of space. Allowing for streets, five city lots 50x150 feet go to the acre. The area is equal to 23,000 acres. Out of this come the parks, the river bed, rough pieces which would cast a fortune to utilize excepting for goat pastures, depot grounds, business blocks, factories, and much land used for other than residence purposes. But if all the space were cut up into residence lots of the size out lined above, there would be only about 100,000 such subdivisions. Any one who surveys th 9 ground as it is to-day will see that when Los Angeles city is twice her present size in population, her space will be well filled up. Of course there will always be some vacant lots on her periphery, and three miles is a long way from the center of the city. It is a ride of three-quarters of au hour by street cars as things go. Close-in property will from this time be surely paying property, and in the near f ature it will be worth much more than it is now held at. It seems almost incredible that there should exist in Los Angeles a class of men who actually bußy themselves, not only in croaking but in spreading alarmist rumors as to the standing of our best business men. This region bad a great real estate boom something over a year ago, some features of which were foolish in the extreme. We shall have these booms, with their foolish features, at reg ular intervals. That is inevitable in Southern California. This community managed its recovery from the "paper town" extravagance in a manner that surprised every one. It showed itself solvent in the highest possible degree. About four months ago a crowd of croak ers and wiseacres started a series of ru mors that this prominent business firm, and then that, had failed. One would hear some alarming cock and bull story when one was on a visit to Santa Monica, or Long Beach, or some other plea sure resort. The invariable result was that these rumors were lies all initio, circulated with the view of injuring the standing of tome ener getic and public-spirited business man. Kone of the failures announced then oc curred. Some lines of business have, of course, been overdone in this city. The probability is that if the Koh-i-noor, that prized possession of the British Queen, were placed on the market in Los Ang eles just now it would fail to find a pur chaser. People are not now witnessing the rush of the Pactolean stream of wealth in this region that was common in the height of the boom. But the Hhrald will give any one a chromo who will take slate and pencil and figure out how the investment of innumerable mil lions in this city and county by people from the East and abroad could possibly hurt either. Tbe present promises to be a year of unexampled crops, a new transcontinental railway is about to be built to this city and everything points to the most dura ble prosperity we have ever had. A mild December has considerably curtailed the stream of Eastern travel, but this region remains with the most perfect climate , summer and winter, possessed by any region on the globe. It is destined to be the most densely settled and the wealth iest section on the American continent. Those who are engaged in the work of creating an artificial panic here should be shown that their room is far prefera ble to their company. The penitentiary is too good for them. Who Drew the Prizes? At the drawing of the prizes for the benefit of the British Benevolent Society last night the following were the lucky numbers: First prize, 401; second prize, 397; third prize, 18; fourth prize, 425; fifth prize, 454; sixth prize, 361. Holders of these tickets can obtain their loot by calling on Mr. B. Blackman, in the Lan , franco Block. NATIONAL LEGISLATION. Animated Discussion on the Duty on Sugar. PROTECTION BY BOUNTIES. The Admission of the Territories Occupies Most of the Attention of the House. Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald. 1 Washington, January 17.—1n the Sen ate, Sherman argued in favor of the tin plate tariff amendment. It was not so much a matter of protection to tin as of the iron and steel plate industry. Of L' 83,000 tons of tin plate annually im ported, fully 27."),C00 tons consisted oi iron and steel, the remaining 8,000 tons only being tin. Allison said tho present duty is about 33 per cent. The proposed duty is about 70 per cent. The debate was further continued by Piatt, Saulsbury, Plumb, Gorman, Aldrich, Mitchell and Call. Finally the amendment was adopted, yeas 25, nays 18 (Brown voting aye). It fixes the duty on tin plate (taggers' iron or steel) when valued at 3 cents a pound or less, thinner than No. 10 and not thinner than No. 20 wire gauze, at 1 cent per p mini; on thinner plates at 11-10, 1 3-10 and 1 4-10 per pound, and on corrugated or crimped plates 1 410 cents per pound. All other iron or steel sheets, plates and hoops, excepting tin plates when galva nized or coated with zinc, spelter or other metal, ? 4 cents a pound additional, and after January 1, 1893, tin plate % cents a pound additional. The amendment proposing a bounty on sugar from beets, sorghum or sugar cane grown in the United States was then taken up. Vest declared his opposition to all such bounties, which he considered the most objectional form of protection. The idea of the Government going into partner ship with any individual or set of indi viduals in order to give them peculiar advantages at the expense of the people was a relic of absolute tyranny, and ut terly opposed to all free "popular govern ment. Allison, in reply to a question of Eustis, who asked why a bounty was proposed, said the object was to induce the production of sugar in this country from beets, sorghum and from sugar cane. Eustis asked Allison to state whether the proposed bounty of one cent a pound on sugar produced in this country was not in direct contradiction of the ground taken by the Finance Com mittee for a reduction of the import duty, that ground being based on the known ascertained limit of the sugar ca pacity of the United States. Allison did not consider the amendment as in any senso a change of position on the part of tho committee. Sugar produced from sugar cane grown in the United States had not kept pace with the in crease of population. Eustis asked whether, when the substitute was re ported, a majority of the Finance Corr - mittee was not as well informed as to the sugar producing capacity of the United States as when it proposed the bounty on sugar. Allison said he did not know ex actly what the Senator from Louisiana meant by that inquiry. He had not known quite as much on the sth of Octo ber when the bill was reported as he bad known when he offered the amendment, and he even confessed to having received some valuable inform ation Irom a witness who had been before the Committee within the last few days. Gibson asked Allison whether the com mittee had not heard of the increase of 25 per cent on the sugar-cane growing area of Louisiana within the last three or four years, and of an increase of nearly 100 per cent in the yield from cane by improved methods. Allison replied that the committee bad also learned that there was no "diffu sion" of the plant in Louisiana except that created by the government of the United States, but even with that diffu sion and its success as applied to the su gar cane, Spreckels had disclosed to the Committee very clearly that he could beat that production by the manufacture of sugar from beets. While he admitted that Louisiana had taken some recent steps to improve the sugar-making pro cess largely, it should be borne in mind, he said, that the increase of population and the increase tA the consumption of sugar was so great that 150,000,000 pounds of sugar would be required to supply that annual increase of consump tion. The otate of Louisiana could not supply sugar to meet that increased de mand, to say nothing of the 3,000,000,000 pounds of sugar now imported. Vest hinted at the "new light" which had broken in upon the Finance Commit tee and the "political exigency" which has led to the reporting of the amend ment. Allison denied emphatically that he, in his judgment or that of the committee in this matter, had been controlled by any "political exigency." Sherman advocated" the amendment. He asserted that there was a strong feel ing in the country against a direct bounty for the protection of anything, and yet such bounties (as to salt fish and other matters) had been supported by the most eminent men in the history of the coun try. He believed that within ten years sugar enough could be produced in the country to supply the domestic market. He understood that one-sixth of the en tire weight of beets could be converted into sugar. Was it not therefore a de sirable thing to encourage the beet sugar industry in the United States ? It was the bounty paid for beet sugar in France and Germany that stimulated its enor mous productisn in those countries. Gibson admitted the stimulating effect of a direct bounty in France and Germany, but agreed that a more power ful stimulant would have been a duty of not less than 4 cents a pound imposed on imported sugar. Sherman said he wished to see this experiment tried, not in the interest of any party or any section and State, or any community, but in the interest of the whole country. Eustis asked the Republican side of the chamber what became of the argument on their side, that the substitute was framed on the theory, to use Hiscock's expression, that it was the duty of the Government, regardless of its needs or the condition of the taxpayers, to de velope, by protective legislation, every American industry, whether it was hoary-headed, in its infancy, or still in the womb. He wanted to know if the Republican majority in the Senate pro posed to kick the sugar interest of Louisiana out of the national household and let it come to the national kitchen for crumbs of bread. Allison said Louisiana had grown strong and vigorous under the tariff "trust," and had stood in with it and abided by it for sugar alone ; but when a proposition was made that would re duce the price of sugar to the consumer one cent a pound, the Senator from Louisiana answered it by a denunciation of the whole system. He (Allison) de clared it would be better for the people to pay for the whole sugar crop of Louis iana and dump it in the Gulf than to keep up the existing duty on sugar. The tax took $28,000,000 out of the pockets of the people in order that the sugar pro ducers might receive one cent a pound on an inflnitesimslly small proportion of the sugar they produced. After some further discussion, and without reaching a vote, the Senate went into executive session, and soon ad journed. i The Hone. AVasJington, January 17.—After the transaction of unimportant business, the House resumed consideration of the Ter ritorial bills. McDonald, of Minnesota, thought all the Territories referred to in the "Omni bus" bill were ready for admission. Adams, of Illinois, characterized the "Omnibus bill" as a transparent subter fuge. Under it the people of the Terri tories would not obtain a single substan tial advantage which they could not obtain if it was not passed, while the defeat of the Senate bill would have a practical effect continuing for one year the outrage on the people of Dakota. Among the bills reported from com mittees, placed on the calendar, were the following: Granting right-of-way for a railroad across the Fort Pima Military reservation, Arizona; granting the Big Horn Southern Railroad the right-of-way across a part of the Crow Indian reser vation. Grosvenor, of Ohio, said the object of the "Omnibus bill" was to delay the admission of Dakota. Admit Dakota under the Senate bill, and then consider the claims of other Territories. Symes, of Colorado, and Springer, of Illinois, had a tilt over the latter's alleged intention to move the previous question on the "Omnibus bill," The debate on the Dekota Admission bill was finished this afternoon. On motion of Gilford, of Dakota, an amendment was adopted granting 120, --000 acres for the support of an agricul tural college in the State ot Dakota. Tbe Senate bill granted ninety sections of land. An amendment was adopted pro viding that lands sold for common school purposes shall not be sold for less than $10 an acre. The salary of District Judges was reduced from $5,000 to $3,000. The 9th of April, 1889, was fixed as the date of the election to be hold to decide the question of the acceptance of boundaries and the name of the new State. On mo tion of Gifford, an amendment was agreed to providing that at this eleotion State officers be elected, and also two members of Congress. The reading of the Senate bill having been completed, Springermoved to strike out all after the enacting clase and sub stitute the "Omnibus Bill." Burrows raised a point of order against the substitute, upon the rule which says no motion on a Bubject different from those under consideration shall be ad mitted under color of an amendment. The Speaker sustained the point of order and ruled the substitute out. Springer then moved to strike out the enacting clause and insert House bill 8466, with certain amendments. The Speaker ruled this out of order. All the gentleman had a right to do was to offer as a substitute for the Senate bill, House bill 8460. Mr. Springer thereupon offered that bill as a substitute. The House bill 8466 was then received as substitute. Springer asked unanimous consent that the previous substitute offered by him be considered in its stea l. The Speaker pro tern. (Cox) submitted the request and, there being no objections, it was so stated. Subse quently the question arose as to whether this consent had been granted, but no record of the transaction appeared in the official notes. Much confusion ensued, but finally consent was again given. Mac- Donald, of Minnesota, then offered his substitute for Springer's proposition. This substitute embodies the principal features of the Omnibus bill, except that it provides for the immediate admission of South Dakota. Fending its reading, the House adjourned. THE WOOLOKOwERiI. Tlicy Strenuously Object to Senator Sherman's Amendment. Washington, January 17. —This morn ing the Senate sub-Committees on Fi nance, in charge of the tariff bill, heard the delegations of the carpet and woolen goods manufactures and wool growers. The former decided on certain modifica tions in the wool schedule tending to the reduction of some duties, while the wool growers wanted additional duties. Their views, at times, were widely divergent and expressed with much vigor. As far as learned the arguments made no change in the minds of the committee. Senator Sherman proposed the follow ing amendment to the bill which the man ufacturers now have under consideration and will express their opinion upon before the committee to-morrow: "Amend paragraph 144 to read as follows: Duty on wools of the first and third classes, which shall be imported washed, shall be twice the amount of the duty to which they would be subjected if imported un washed. The duty upon wools of the second class, which shall be imported washed, shall be five cents per pound in addition to the duty to which they would be subjected if imported unwashed. Washed wools are defiued to bs such as are washed in cold water on the back of the sheep. The duty on wools of all classes which shall be imported scoured shall be three times the duty to which they would be subjected if imported un washed. All wools which, when im ported, shall contain less than twelve per cent, of the weight thereof of yoke grease, dirt or other foreign substance or j matter, shall be classified as scoured wool, and pay duty accordingly. Before they left the room some of the manufacturers asserted that such an amendment meant the practical destruc tion of their industry and that, as against it, they should work for free wool. Tne President to Arbitrate. Washington, January 17. —A dispute having arisen between Nicaragua and Costa Rica in relation to the status of the proposed Nicaraguan canal, the American Minister to Guatemala, some time ago, was instructed to use his good offices to bring about au understanding between the two governments. The following dispatch from him was received at the Department of State to day: "The Con vention between Nicaragua and Costa Rica to arbitrate the question affecting the Nicaraguan canal was signed on the 10th, and the President of the United States was named as arbitrator." To succeed Himself. Washington, January 17. —The nomi nation of Walter L. Bragg, to succeed himself as Interstate Commissioner, was favorably reported to-day in the ex ecutive session of the Senate by the com mittee on Interstate Commerce. THE PRESIDENT'S VETO. Again Interposed in the In terest of the People. A RAID ON THE TREASURY. It is Promptly Stopped by Mr. Cleveland—The Reasons for His Action. !Associated Frees DiSDatcb.es to the Herald. 1 Washington, January 17.—The Presi dent returned to the Senate without his approval the bill to pay $3,800 to Wm. D. Wheaton and Charles H. Chamber lain, for many years prior to 1879 Re ceiver and Register of the Land Office at San Francisco, Cal. The two officers were required by an order issued July Ist, 1877, to turn thereafter into the Treasury certain fees they had prior to that time retained. In February 18th, 1879, they were allowed two clerks, and the President says it is proposed, upon the theory that the clerks were employed to do work for which fees were formerly allowed, to reimburse the officers for the amount paid for clerk-hire between the time when the retention of fees was stopped and the time when the clerks were authorized to be employed and paid out of the public Treasury. The Presi dent says the officers had notice that such employment and payment would not be approved by the Government and adds: "I am decidedly of opinion that the relations, duties and obligations of sub ordinates in the public employment should be clearly defined and strictly limited. They should not be permitted to judge of the propriety or necessity of incurring expense on behalf of the Gov ernment without authority, much less in disregard of orders, and yet there are cases when, in an emergency, money is paid for the benefit of the public service by officials, which, though not strictly authorized, ought in equity to be reim bursed. If the present case is one of equity," the President says, "a verified statement ought to be made out showing the exact amount expended by the benefit iiries from their private funds for doing this work, and the amount found paid allowed." Such a statement no where appears, and the President thinks that the beneficiaries should be required to establish the amount so paid out be fore reimbursement is made. OUTRAfi KH UN M «.It(U s. The Militia Wanted for the Pro tection ot the Blacks. Jackson, Miss., January 17. —A letter will appear in to-morrow's issue of the New Missis*.'ppian from S. D, Chamber lin, from Shagulak, in which that gentle man confirms the report made in these dispatches last night of outrages on negro families in Kemper and Noxube counties, perpetrated by what he terms "a mob composed of the most depraved and irresponsible part of our community, which has been for three weeks robbing and plundering defenseless women and children, and driving them from their homes without check or hindrance." Crimes, he says, have been com mitted that the outßide world would not dream of. Brutes feeling no restraint of law or honor hive endeavored to see how deep they could steep themselves in infamy. People had been driven from their homes which they had, by years of economy and industry, paid for, and deprived of their lands and little supplies. They had committed no crime unless it is a crime to be born black. Three families who went to him yesterday for protec tion had been notified to leave within five days, and are now struggling through mud and Tain to save their worldly stores from the vandals. Mr. Chamber lin calls for the repression of these out rages, and says the Governor ought to place these people back on their farms and protect them there if it takes all the militia of the State. It is stated that Governor Lowery is about to take active steps in the matter. A ScUeine Exploded. Chicago, January 17. —There was a strange disclosure to-day in the case of old Mrs. Naomi Fairchiid, who claims to be the widow of the wealthy supposed bachelor lumberman, Walter S. Babcock, who was mysteriously murdered last year at the house of Miss .Sarah Dodge, in Gardner, Ills. Mrs. Fairchiid has been trying, through the Probate C«urt here, to secure a share of Babcock's estate, and had almost conclusively show n that Babcock actually did secretly sustain martail relations wfth her, and has attempted to prove that when she was in an apparently dying condition Babcock was married to her by Rev. Mr. Burns, a Methodist minister. The testimony of the clergyman left no doubt that a wedding under the circumstances described had taken place. To-day Mrs. Julia Brattan, sister of Mrs. Fairchiid, was on tbe stand and the fact crept out that tbe minister at her marriage was the same Rev. Mr. Burns. Cross question ing soon developed the fact that, in every detail of time, place and manner, the Brattan wedding was identical with the alleged mariiage of Mrs. Fairchiid to Col. Babcock. The trial was at once adjourned, and the opinion is that Mrs. Fairchild's case has fallen flat. Tne Atlanta Sent »o Ilajli. Washington, January 17 —The ques tion as to where the United States ship Atlanta is to go, is settled at last. Orders have been issued to her commander, Captain Howell, to proceed with her at once to Port-au-Prince and report to Rear Admiral Luce, commanding the North Atlantic station, now on board the Galena. It is expected that the Atlanta will sail from New York Saturday morn ing. The United States ship Galena will return to the United States upon being relieved by the Atlanta, and the com mander of that vessel will be in command of the naval forces in Haytien waters. Nothing has been heard from the United States ship Oasippee since she sailed from Norfolk, but it is thought at the Navy Department that she has arrived at Port-au-Prince before this time. Aaalatant-Prealdent fleeted. New York, January 17.—At a meeting of the directors of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company to-day the resignation of James Tilling hast, assistant to the president since William H. Vanderbiit retired from the presidency, was accepted. Henry Walter Webb, for several years Vice"- President of the Wagner Car Company, waß elected to fill the vacancy. A Brutal Skipper. Baltimore, January 17.—1n the United States District Court here to-day Captain Robert Mills, of the oyster schooner Cbickera, was found guilty of brutally beating his dredgers, and was sentenced to pay a fine of $500 and spend one year in jail.