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Los Angeles daily herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1884-1890, January 18, 1889, Image 4

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Notice to Mull Subscribers.
The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers
to the Los Angeles Daily Herald will be
promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers
will be sent to subscribers by mail unless the
.same have been paid for in advance. This rule
Is Inflexible. Ayers & Lynch.
FRIDAY, JANUAatY 18, 18S9.
The Sewer Pipe Company does not
propose to rest on its oars. Plans are
being prepared and arrangements made
to doable the capacity of the concern at
once. This is found necessary in order
to complete the orders already on hand.
Success to this and to all legitimate en
terprises like this. The affair is in the
hands of sagacious, wide-awake business
men, who know their business, and who
propose to push things. Let us have
more factories like this.
And still the wonder grows amongst
our psople as to what became of that
$98,000 supposed to have been spent upon
the county roads. One of the editors of
tbe Herald yesterday met a leading citi
zen of Los Angeles county, who does not
live a thousand miles from Whittier. To
an inquiry as to what had been expended
upon the roads in his neighborhood he
returned an answer more emphatic than
Chesterfieldian, but we reproduce it for
the benefit of the public. "Damfino; I
don't believe a cent was spent on 'em.
If there was any money laid out in road
making where I live I have failed to see
any evidence of it." The same refrain
reaches us from all quarters.
The people of Southern California are
in urgent seed of a State Prison and will
ask the Legislature for relief. The re
quest is reasonable and should be im
mediately granted.—[Stock Report.
It might be just as well to throw in an
insane asylum and a boys' and girls' re
formatory while the Legislature is about
it. Two or three years of the taxes which
Los Angeles county alone is made to pay
into the State Treasury in excess of her
rightful share of the burdens of tbe State
would pay for tbe building of all these
institutions, and suffice for their maintain
ance when built. Anything to keep
some of the taxes collected here at home
would be looked upon as a work of
Flans for new railroads into this sec
tion are as prolific of production as a
mushroom bed in a humid atmosphere.
But in their manifold number the like
ness ceases. For they will not perish in
a night, as they grow np in a day. From
Warner's ranch comes news of surveycrs
in the field. And from South Riverside
comes the report that the Fomona and
Elsinore scheme is revived, with a prop
osition to come into Los Angeles and to
get out towards Salt Lake by the Cajon
Pass. It looks as if some heavy Eastern
syndicates were really reaching out for
this as an objective point, and with the
further intention of running feeding
branches into all the valleys and to all
the towns in this section.
The Golden Belt Cannery at Fullerton
is indeed a golden concern to those who
own it. On Wednesday last there were
dispatched from its doors one carload of
canned Lima beans to San Diego, and
another to Los Angeles. There is some
thing encouraging in reading facts like
this. The beans grow on the foothills,
north of Anaheim. The farmers get many
shekels for the crop. The cannery payß
wages to its employees and that goes right
back into the channels of trade and keeps
the wheels of enterprise duly lubricated.
The profits of the concern go into
our banks to maintain the credit of the
section. By all means let us have more
canneries to put up all the products of
the country. Let us can our fruits and
vegetables. Let us supply all the cities
of our own section, and send much of the
product abroad to bring in more coin to
develop the resources of the most pro
ductive section of the globe.
The dangers of drinking water are
never taken into the count by the
devotees of prohibition, and yet Adam's
ale, as consumed in American cities, is
often the most dangerous fluid in the
world, so infinitely more harmful than a
glass of light, well-made wine or lager
beer that really there is no comparison
between these beverages that will not be
overwhelmingly against what looks like
genuine aqua pura. Dr. F. Riehl, of
San Francisco, recently read a paper be
fore the Microscopical Society of that
city, in which he demonstrated that the
unsuspecting resident of the Golden
Gate swallows twenty thousand bacteria
to every three ounces of Spring Valley
water. This analysis, we presume, takes
no account of the bacillee, microcuspides
and other adventurous infusoria which of
themselves can do no little to make a man
tarn pale about the gills and look upon
tuberculosis as the least of the thousand
natural ills that flesh is heir to. So
great are the danger's from drinking
Spring Valley water that it would seem
to a disinterested person that an intelli
gent denizen of San Francisco would
ask to be cremated at once. However,
the San Francisco male biped has never
been known to favor water to any alarm
ing extent, myriads cf them being
utterly ignorant of the taste of that fluid.
■ Nobody haa yet taken the trouble to
analyze the water of the Los Angeles
river. It would be an excellent thing
for the Angelefio who affects this primi
tive beverage to see that it is either
boiled or distilled before drinking. In
this way he can aid the climate in mak
ing diseases of the typhoid and malarial
type very infrequent hereabouts.
California at tbe recent National elec
tion cast 250,000 votes. Los Angeles coun
ty cast 3,000 less than her full registered
vote. This county cast somewhat less than
one-tenth of the vote of the State. It is
therefore fair to assume that there weie
25,000 registered votes that were not cast.
There were in the State probably 10,000
voters who had not been here the year
necessary to entitle them to the exercise
of the elective franchise. If these as
sumptions are correct then there ate
285.000 voters in the State. On the ratio of
five inhabitants to the voter, this gives the
State a population of 1,425,000. Four years
ago the total vote of California was less
than 197,000. The increase now going
on is quite as rapid as at any time in the
preceding four years. When the census
of 1890 is taken the Golden State will
turn up with a population much in excess
of 1,500,000. And we shall not jjstle
one another then, as the State is as large
as a dozen of those along the Atlantic
seaboard. California will not be tilled
with people, nor her resources fully de
veloped when she has a population of
A local dealer is reported as saying
that he had made $1,000 net profit out of
one carload of butter imported from the
west. A carload of butter probably
weighs 40,000 pounds. He made only
two and one-half cents a pound, which is
not an extravagant profit. His gain is
the least alarming part of the affair.
That $1,000 stayed here and goes to enrich
some Angelefio. But that butter cost
probably twenty cents apound,orsS,ooo,
in Kansas or Nebraska; and it cost $100
to haul it out here. These sums
all go back to enrich some one
at the East, and to that ex
tent impoverish this section. It is
quite time to stop it. Industrious farm
ers can make all this money excepting
the $1,000 profit to the middlemen, by
producing the butter here. On any land
in this section we can produce better
grass and more of it, than can be pro
duced on the plains of Kansas or Ne
braska. On our moi st lands we can pro
duce perennial grasses and pasture the
cattle on them all the year long. On
our best irrigated or damp alfalfa mead
ows we can produce ten times as much
grass as the best lands of the State 3 re
ferred to ever produced. Fortunes
await dairy farmers in this section.
Tns kindly spirit which exists in the
northern and central counties towards
Southern California is well illustrated by
the formation of the Assembly commit
tees. On eighteen of the principal com
mittees of that body there is not a single
representative of the southern counties,
and that at a time when Los Angeles
county alone has shown by her vote that
she has a population of fully one hun
dred and fifty thousand souls. There
are an immense number of corporations,
and very important ones at that, in the
three counties of Los Angeles, San Ber
nardino and San Diego, but there is not
a single Assemblyman from any of those
counties on the Assembly Committee on
Corporations. Many of the members
of the Legislature from Southern Cali
fornia represent constituencies four times
as numerous aa the average of the north
ern and central county districts, but
this seems to count for nothing in their
favor. It is carrying out the old, old
policy of discriminating against any
thing south of the city and county of San
Francisco. The most incredible thing
in the history of the United States is the
fact that no United States Senator has
ever been elected in California south of
the southern iine of San Francisco coun
ty. And yet our northern compatriots
wonder that there is a growing demand
for a State of South California.
It is greatly to be desired that the area
devoted to the cultivation of the grape
should be extended in Los Aneeles
county. The demand promises to be
good. It is true that the price has not
been very satisfactory to the vineyardist
of late years, but the conditions now are
different. Last year grapes of the Mis
sion variety brought from $12 to $13 a
ton. "We are much mistaken or the price
this season will be a material advance on
those figures. The facilities for making
wines and brandies have greatly in
creased in this county during the past
year. In the city of Los Angeles Mr.
Alfred Stern has increased the capacity
of his winery and distillery on a scale of
great magnitude. The demand for Cali
fornia wines and grape brandies is
steadily growing. California brandy is
being daily more and more highly appre
ciated. Under such circumstances, the
area of our vineyards should be
largely augmented. It has been di
minished to some extent by the vine
pest'and perhaps still more by the in
sane impulse to lay off corner lots away
out in the country. It would have been
a great blessing if the speculative fever
had left our vineyards and orchards
alone. The vine pest will regulate itself,
and the gratifying discovery has been
made that it don't attack the finer
grades of foreign grapes. The inatten
tion to existing vineyards can also be
remedied by industry and care. We
should double their area in the next
three years. Let the viticulturist show
that be is responsive to the situation.
Nurserymen report an unprecedented
demand for fruit trees of all sorts. It is
said that hundreds of thousands of them
will be planted in this section during
the current season. The call is most of
all for the various sorts of canning
peaches and for French prunes. Cer
tainly no better selections could be
made. Canning peaches, prunes and
apricots can be made to enrich this
county. Prunes net profits as high as
♦703 an acre. The market for them is at
home, that is, in the United States, and
is very steady. Large importations of
this fruit are made from France. And
there is also an active demand for
orange trees to make new plantings.
These are being put out along the foot
hills all the way from the Cahuenga to
San Gorgonio pass. Very few of these
are now being planted in the
valleys. It is gratifying to see
these various industries being so
vigorously extended. It proves that our
people are getting over the mere craze of
speculation, and are now turning their
attention to the legitimate development
of our resources. There is a wide scope
for the exercise of this policy. The ut
most activity in three years will not half
overtake the requirements of the situa
tion. Many landowners are in an ex
cellent position to do this. They sold off
portions of their lands at good prices, and
if they are wise this has made them well
fore-handed. They can well affjrd to
improve their present holdings. Those
who have large areas of land will do
well to embrace every opportunity to sell
off portions ot it at fair prices and on
easy terms. What we need now, above
all things, is to develop the latent re
sources of this section.
One who was intimately acquainted
with this city at the begincting of the
current decade, and who now surveys it
after a lapse of eight years, will be sur
prised to see how its waste Bpaces have
been filled iv with residences. At that
time East Los Angeles was a hamlet of
scattered cottages, and Boyle Heights
had much less population on which to
base city pretensions. Out Temple street,
west of Bunker Hill, there was hardly a
sign of population. Southward, th<ve
were few houses below Sixth street.
Now East Los Angeles is a very respect
able city of herself. Boyle Heights is be
coming very compactly settled. The
hills for three miles along Temple street
are densely peopled. And residences
crowd each other to the utmost limits
of the city southward. It used to be
asserted that there was vacant space
enough in Los Angeles city to accommo
date half a million people. We still lack
something of 100,000 population, but the
city ia getting pretty well built up. There
are within the charter bounderies of this
municipality six miles square, or thirty
six square miles of space. Allowing for
streets, five city lots 50x150 feet go to the
acre. The area is equal to 23,000 acres.
Out of this come the parks, the river
bed, rough pieces which would
cast a fortune to utilize excepting
for goat pastures, depot grounds,
business blocks, factories, and much
land used for other than residence
purposes. But if all the space were cut
up into residence lots of the size out
lined above, there would be only about
100,000 such subdivisions. Any one
who surveys th 9 ground as it is to-day
will see that when Los Angeles city is
twice her present size in population, her
space will be well filled up. Of course
there will always be some vacant lots on
her periphery, and three miles is a long
way from the center of the city. It is a
ride of three-quarters of au hour by street
cars as things go. Close-in property
will from this time be surely paying
property, and in the near f ature it will be
worth much more than it is now held at.
It seems almost incredible that there
should exist in Los Angeles a class of
men who actually bußy themselves, not
only in croaking but in spreading alarmist
rumors as to the standing of our best
business men. This region bad a great
real estate boom something over a year
ago, some features of which were foolish
in the extreme. We shall have these
booms, with their foolish features, at reg
ular intervals. That is inevitable in
Southern California. This community
managed its recovery from the "paper
town" extravagance in a manner that
surprised every one. It showed itself
solvent in the highest possible degree.
About four months ago a crowd of croak
ers and wiseacres started a series of ru
mors that this prominent business firm,
and then that, had failed. One would
hear some alarming cock and bull story
when one was on a visit to Santa Monica,
or Long Beach, or some other plea
sure resort. The invariable result
was that these rumors were
lies all initio, circulated with the view
of injuring the standing of tome ener
getic and public-spirited business man.
Kone of the failures announced then oc
curred. Some lines of business have, of
course, been overdone in this city. The
probability is that if the Koh-i-noor, that
prized possession of the British Queen,
were placed on the market in Los Ang
eles just now it would fail to find a pur
chaser. People are not now witnessing
the rush of the Pactolean stream of
wealth in this region that was common
in the height of the boom. But the
Hhrald will give any one a chromo who
will take slate and pencil and figure out
how the investment of innumerable mil
lions in this city and county by people
from the East and abroad could possibly
hurt either. Tbe present promises
to be a year of unexampled crops,
a new transcontinental railway is
about to be built to this city
and everything points to the most dura
ble prosperity we have ever had. A mild
December has considerably curtailed the
stream of Eastern travel, but this region
remains with the most perfect climate ,
summer and winter, possessed by any
region on the globe. It is destined to be
the most densely settled and the wealth
iest section on the American continent.
Those who are engaged in the work of
creating an artificial panic here should
be shown that their room is far prefera
ble to their company. The penitentiary
is too good for them.
Who Drew the Prizes?
At the drawing of the prizes for the
benefit of the British Benevolent Society
last night the following were the lucky
numbers: First prize, 401; second prize,
397; third prize, 18; fourth prize, 425;
fifth prize, 454; sixth prize, 361. Holders
of these tickets can obtain their loot by
calling on Mr. B. Blackman, in the Lan
, franco Block.
Animated Discussion on the
Duty on Sugar.
The Admission of the Territories
Occupies Most of the Attention
of the House.
Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald. 1
Washington, January 17.—1n the Sen
ate, Sherman argued in favor of the tin
plate tariff amendment. It was not so
much a matter of protection to tin as of
the iron and steel plate industry. Of
L' 83,000 tons of tin plate annually im
ported, fully 27."),C00 tons consisted oi
iron and steel, the remaining 8,000 tons
only being tin.
Allison said tho present duty is about
33 per cent. The proposed duty is
about 70 per cent. The debate was
further continued by Piatt, Saulsbury,
Plumb, Gorman, Aldrich, Mitchell and
Call. Finally the amendment was
adopted, yeas 25, nays 18 (Brown voting
aye). It fixes the duty on tin plate
(taggers' iron or steel) when valued at
3 cents a pound or less, thinner than No.
10 and not thinner than No. 20 wire
gauze, at 1 cent per p mini; on thinner
plates at 11-10, 1 3-10 and 1 4-10 per
pound, and on corrugated or crimped
plates 1 410 cents per pound. All
other iron or steel sheets, plates and
hoops, excepting tin plates when galva
nized or coated with zinc, spelter or other
metal, ? 4 cents a pound additional, and
after January 1, 1893, tin plate % cents
a pound additional.
The amendment proposing a bounty on
sugar from beets, sorghum or sugar cane
grown in the United States was then
taken up.
Vest declared his opposition to all such
bounties, which he considered the most
objectional form of protection. The idea
of the Government going into partner
ship with any individual or set of indi
viduals in order to give them peculiar
advantages at the expense of the people
was a relic of absolute tyranny, and ut
terly opposed to all free "popular govern
Allison, in reply to a question of
Eustis, who asked why a bounty was
proposed, said the object was to induce
the production of sugar in this country
from beets, sorghum and from sugar
cane. Eustis asked Allison to state
whether the proposed bounty of one cent
a pound on sugar produced in this
country was not in direct contradiction
of the ground taken by the Finance Com
mittee for a reduction of the import
duty, that ground being based on the
known ascertained limit of the sugar ca
pacity of the United States. Allison
did not consider the amendment as in
any senso a change of position on the
part of tho committee. Sugar produced
from sugar cane grown in the United
States had not kept pace with the in
crease of population. Eustis asked
whether, when the substitute was re
ported, a majority of the Finance Corr -
mittee was not as well informed as to the
sugar producing capacity of the United
States as when it proposed the bounty on
sugar. Allison said he did not know ex
actly what the Senator from Louisiana
meant by that inquiry. He had not
known quite as much on the sth of Octo
ber when the bill was reported
as he bad known when he offered
the amendment, and he even confessed
to having received some valuable inform
ation Irom a witness who had been before
the Committee within the last few days.
Gibson asked Allison whether the com
mittee had not heard of the increase of
25 per cent on the sugar-cane growing
area of Louisiana within the last three or
four years, and of an increase of nearly
100 per cent in the yield from cane by
improved methods.
Allison replied that the committee bad
also learned that there was no "diffu
sion" of the plant in Louisiana except
that created by the government of the
United States, but even with that diffu
sion and its success as applied to the su
gar cane, Spreckels had disclosed to the
Committee very clearly that he could
beat that production by the manufacture
of sugar from beets. While he admitted
that Louisiana had taken some recent
steps to improve the sugar-making pro
cess largely, it should be borne in mind,
he said, that the increase of population
and the increase tA the consumption of
sugar was so great that 150,000,000
pounds of sugar would be required to
supply that annual increase of consump
tion. The otate of Louisiana could not
supply sugar to meet that increased de
mand, to say nothing of the 3,000,000,000
pounds of sugar now imported.
Vest hinted at the "new light" which
had broken in upon the Finance Commit
tee and the "political exigency" which
has led to the reporting of the amend
Allison denied emphatically that he,
in his judgment or that of the committee
in this matter, had been controlled by
any "political exigency."
Sherman advocated" the amendment.
He asserted that there was a strong feel
ing in the country against a direct bounty
for the protection of anything, and yet
such bounties (as to salt fish and other
matters) had been supported by the most
eminent men in the history of the coun
try. He believed that within ten years
sugar enough could be produced in the
country to supply the domestic market.
He understood that one-sixth of the en
tire weight of beets could be converted
into sugar. Was it not therefore a de
sirable thing to encourage the beet sugar
industry in the United States ? It was
the bounty paid for beet sugar in France
and Germany that stimulated its enor
mous productisn in those countries.
Gibson admitted the stimulating
effect of a direct bounty in France and
Germany, but agreed that a more power
ful stimulant would have been a duty of
not less than 4 cents a pound imposed on
imported sugar.
Sherman said he wished to see this
experiment tried, not in the interest of
any party or any section and State, or
any community, but in the interest of
the whole country.
Eustis asked the Republican side of the
chamber what became of the argument
on their side, that the substitute was
framed on the theory, to use Hiscock's
expression, that it was the duty of the
Government, regardless of its needs or
the condition of the taxpayers, to de
velope, by protective legislation, every
American industry, whether it was
hoary-headed, in its infancy, or still in
the womb. He wanted to know if the
Republican majority in the Senate pro
posed to kick the sugar interest of
Louisiana out of the national household
and let it come to the national kitchen
for crumbs of bread.
Allison said Louisiana had grown
strong and vigorous under the tariff
"trust," and had stood in with it and
abided by it for sugar alone ; but when
a proposition was made that would re
duce the price of sugar to the consumer
one cent a pound, the Senator from
Louisiana answered it by a denunciation
of the whole system. He (Allison) de
clared it would be better for the people
to pay for the whole sugar crop of Louis
iana and dump it in the Gulf than to
keep up the existing duty on sugar. The
tax took $28,000,000 out of the pockets of
the people in order that the sugar pro
ducers might receive one cent a pound on
an inflnitesimslly small proportion of the
sugar they produced.
After some further discussion, and
without reaching a vote, the Senate went
into executive session, and soon ad
i The Hone.
AVasJington, January 17.—After the
transaction of unimportant business, the
House resumed consideration of the Ter
ritorial bills.
McDonald, of Minnesota, thought all
the Territories referred to in the "Omni
bus" bill were ready for admission.
Adams, of Illinois, characterized the
"Omnibus bill" as a transparent subter
fuge. Under it the people of the Terri
tories would not obtain a single substan
tial advantage which they could not
obtain if it was not passed, while the
defeat of the Senate bill would have a
practical effect continuing for one year
the outrage on the people of Dakota.
Among the bills reported from com
mittees, placed on the calendar, were the
following: Granting right-of-way for a
railroad across the Fort Pima Military
reservation, Arizona; granting the Big
Horn Southern Railroad the right-of-way
across a part of the Crow Indian reser
Grosvenor, of Ohio, said the object of
the "Omnibus bill" was to delay the
admission of Dakota. Admit Dakota
under the Senate bill, and then consider
the claims of other Territories.
Symes, of Colorado, and Springer, of
Illinois, had a tilt over the latter's alleged
intention to move the previous question
on the "Omnibus bill,"
The debate on the Dekota Admission
bill was finished this afternoon.
On motion of Gilford, of Dakota, an
amendment was adopted granting 120,
--000 acres for the support of an agricul
tural college in the State ot Dakota. Tbe
Senate bill granted ninety sections of
land. An amendment was adopted pro
viding that lands sold for common school
purposes shall not be sold for less than
$10 an acre. The salary of District Judges
was reduced from $5,000 to $3,000. The
9th of April, 1889, was fixed as the date
of the election to be hold to decide the
question of the acceptance of boundaries
and the name of the new State. On mo
tion of Gifford, an amendment was
agreed to providing that at this eleotion
State officers be elected, and also two
members of Congress.
The reading of the Senate bill having
been completed, Springermoved to strike
out all after the enacting clase and sub
stitute the "Omnibus Bill."
Burrows raised a point of order against
the substitute, upon the rule which says
no motion on a Bubject different from
those under consideration shall be ad
mitted under color of an amendment.
The Speaker sustained the point of order
and ruled the substitute out.
Springer then moved to strike out the
enacting clause and insert House bill
8466, with certain amendments. The
Speaker ruled this out of order. All the
gentleman had a right to do was to offer
as a substitute for the Senate bill, House
bill 8460. Mr. Springer thereupon
offered that bill as a substitute.
The House bill 8466 was then
received as substitute. Springer asked
unanimous consent that the previous
substitute offered by him be considered
in its stea l. The Speaker pro tern. (Cox)
submitted the request and, there being
no objections, it was so stated. Subse
quently the question arose as to whether
this consent had been granted, but no
record of the transaction appeared in the
official notes. Much confusion ensued,
but finally consent was again given. Mac-
Donald, of Minnesota, then offered his
substitute for Springer's proposition.
This substitute embodies the principal
features of the Omnibus bill, except that
it provides for the immediate admission
of South Dakota. Fending its reading,
the House adjourned.
Tlicy Strenuously Object to Senator
Sherman's Amendment.
Washington, January 17. —This morn
ing the Senate sub-Committees on Fi
nance, in charge of the tariff bill, heard
the delegations of the carpet and woolen
goods manufactures and wool growers.
The former decided on certain modifica
tions in the wool schedule tending to the
reduction of some duties, while the wool
growers wanted additional duties. Their
views, at times, were widely divergent
and expressed with much vigor. As far as
learned the arguments made no change
in the minds of the committee.
Senator Sherman proposed the follow
ing amendment to the bill which the man
ufacturers now have under consideration
and will express their opinion upon before
the committee to-morrow: "Amend
paragraph 144 to read as follows: Duty on
wools of the first and third classes,
which shall be imported washed, shall
be twice the amount of the duty to which
they would be subjected if imported un
washed. The duty upon wools of the
second class, which shall be imported
washed, shall be five cents per pound in
addition to the duty to which they would
be subjected if imported unwashed.
Washed wools are defiued to bs such as
are washed in cold water on the back of
the sheep. The duty on wools of all
classes which shall be imported scoured
shall be three times the duty to which
they would be subjected if imported un
washed. All wools which, when im
ported, shall contain less than twelve
per cent, of the weight thereof of yoke
grease, dirt or other foreign substance or
j matter, shall be classified as scoured
wool, and pay duty accordingly.
Before they left the room some of the
manufacturers asserted that such an
amendment meant the practical destruc
tion of their industry and that, as against
it, they should work for free wool.
Tne President to Arbitrate.
Washington, January 17. —A dispute
having arisen between Nicaragua and
Costa Rica in relation to the status of the
proposed Nicaraguan canal, the American
Minister to Guatemala, some time ago,
was instructed to use his good offices to
bring about au understanding between
the two governments. The following
dispatch from him was received at the
Department of State to day: "The Con
vention between Nicaragua and Costa
Rica to arbitrate the question affecting
the Nicaraguan canal was signed on the
10th, and the President of the United
States was named as arbitrator."
To succeed Himself.
Washington, January 17. —The nomi
nation of Walter L. Bragg, to succeed
himself as Interstate Commissioner,
was favorably reported to-day in the ex
ecutive session of the Senate by the com
mittee on Interstate Commerce.
Again Interposed in the In
terest of the People.
It is Promptly Stopped by Mr.
Cleveland—The Reasons for
His Action.
!Associated Frees DiSDatcb.es to the Herald. 1
Washington, January 17.—The Presi
dent returned to the Senate without his
approval the bill to pay $3,800 to Wm.
D. Wheaton and Charles H. Chamber
lain, for many years prior to 1879 Re
ceiver and Register of the Land Office at
San Francisco, Cal. The two officers
were required by an order issued July
Ist, 1877, to turn thereafter into the
Treasury certain fees they had prior to
that time retained. In February 18th,
1879, they were allowed two clerks, and
the President says it is proposed, upon
the theory that the clerks were employed
to do work for which fees were formerly
allowed, to reimburse the officers for the
amount paid for clerk-hire between the
time when the retention of fees was
stopped and the time when the clerks
were authorized to be employed and paid
out of the public Treasury. The Presi
dent says the officers had notice that
such employment and payment would not
be approved by the Government and
"I am decidedly of opinion that the
relations, duties and obligations of sub
ordinates in the public employment
should be clearly defined and strictly
limited. They should not be permitted
to judge of the propriety or necessity of
incurring expense on behalf of the Gov
ernment without authority, much less in
disregard of orders, and yet there are
cases when, in an emergency, money is
paid for the benefit of the public service
by officials, which, though not strictly
authorized, ought in equity to be reim
bursed. If the present case is one of
equity," the President says, "a verified
statement ought to be made out showing
the exact amount expended by the
benefit iiries from their private funds for
doing this work, and the amount found
paid allowed." Such a statement no
where appears, and the President thinks
that the beneficiaries should be required
to establish the amount so paid out be
fore reimbursement is made.
OUTRAfi KH UN M «.It(U s.
The Militia Wanted for the Pro
tection ot the Blacks.
Jackson, Miss., January 17. —A letter
will appear in to-morrow's issue of the
New Missis*.'ppian from S. D, Chamber
lin, from Shagulak, in which that gentle
man confirms the report made in these
dispatches last night of outrages on
negro families in Kemper and Noxube
counties, perpetrated by what he terms
"a mob composed of the most depraved
and irresponsible part of our community,
which has been for three weeks robbing
and plundering defenseless women and
children, and driving them from their
homes without check or hindrance."
Crimes, he says, have been com
mitted that the outßide world would
not dream of. Brutes feeling
no restraint of law or honor
hive endeavored to see how deep they
could steep themselves in infamy.
People had been driven from their homes
which they had, by years of economy
and industry, paid for, and deprived of
their lands and little supplies. They
had committed no crime unless it is a
crime to be born black. Three families
who went to him yesterday for protec
tion had been notified to leave within
five days, and are now struggling through
mud and Tain to save their worldly
stores from the vandals. Mr. Chamber
lin calls for the repression of these out
rages, and says the Governor ought to
place these people back on their farms
and protect them there if it takes all the
militia of the State. It is stated that
Governor Lowery is about to take active
steps in the matter.
A ScUeine Exploded.
Chicago, January 17. —There was a
strange disclosure to-day in the case of
old Mrs. Naomi Fairchiid, who claims to
be the widow of the wealthy supposed
bachelor lumberman, Walter S. Babcock,
who was mysteriously murdered last
year at the house of Miss .Sarah Dodge,
in Gardner, Ills. Mrs. Fairchiid has
been trying, through the Probate C«urt
here, to secure a share of Babcock's
estate, and had almost conclusively
show n that Babcock actually did secretly
sustain martail relations wfth her, and
has attempted to prove that when she
was in an apparently dying condition
Babcock was married to her by Rev.
Mr. Burns, a Methodist minister. The
testimony of the clergyman left no doubt
that a wedding under the circumstances
described had taken place. To-day Mrs.
Julia Brattan, sister of Mrs. Fairchiid,
was on tbe stand and the fact crept out
that tbe minister at her marriage was the
same Rev. Mr. Burns. Cross question
ing soon developed the fact that, in every
detail of time, place and manner, the
Brattan wedding was identical with the
alleged mariiage of Mrs. Fairchiid to
Col. Babcock. The trial was at once
adjourned, and the opinion is that Mrs.
Fairchild's case has fallen flat.
Tne Atlanta Sent »o Ilajli.
Washington, January 17 —The ques
tion as to where the United States ship
Atlanta is to go, is settled at last. Orders
have been issued to her commander,
Captain Howell, to proceed with her at
once to Port-au-Prince and report to
Rear Admiral Luce, commanding the
North Atlantic station, now on board the
Galena. It is expected that the Atlanta
will sail from New York Saturday morn
ing. The United States ship Galena will
return to the United States upon being
relieved by the Atlanta, and the com
mander of that vessel will be in command
of the naval forces in Haytien waters.
Nothing has been heard from the United
States ship Oasippee since she sailed
from Norfolk, but it is thought at the
Navy Department that she has arrived at
Port-au-Prince before this time.
Aaalatant-Prealdent fleeted.
New York, January 17.—At a meeting
of the directors of the New York Central
and Hudson River Railroad Company
to-day the resignation of James Tilling
hast, assistant to the president since
William H. Vanderbiit retired from the
presidency, was accepted. Henry
Walter Webb, for several years Vice"-
President of the Wagner Car Company,
waß elected to fill the vacancy.
A Brutal Skipper.
Baltimore, January 17.—1n the United
States District Court here to-day Captain
Robert Mills, of the oyster schooner
Cbickera, was found guilty of brutally
beating his dredgers, and was sentenced
to pay a fine of $500 and spend one year
in jail.

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