Newspaper Page Text
DAILY HERALD. —PUBLISHED— BBVKN DAYS A. WEEK. JOSE FH D. LYNCH. JAM KS J. AYKK9. AYERB A LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. CITY OFFICIAL, PAPER. (Entered at the pestofflce at Loa Angelei as ■eoond-clsss matter.] DELIVERED HY CARRIERS At SOc. per Week, or SOc. per .Tlontn. TERMS BT KAIL, INCLUDING POSTAGE l" Daily Herald, otic year $8.00 Daily Herald, six months 4.25 Daily Herald, three months , 2.25 Weekly Herald, one year 2.00 Weekly' Herald, six months 1.00 Weekly Herald, three months SO Illustrated Herald, per copy 15 Local Correspondence irom adjacent towns specially solicited. Remittances ehonld be made by draft, check, postoffice order or postal note. The latter should Be sent for all snms less than $5. Office of Publication, 123-5 West Second street, between Spring and Fort, Los Angeles. Notice to nail 9nbases?lbers. The pspers of all delinquent mall subscribers Is the Los Angeles Daily Herald will be promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers will be sent to subscribers by mail unlets the same have been paid for in advance. This rule la Inflexible. avers & Lynch. JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT—Owing to our greatly increased facilities we are prepared to execute all kinds of Job work in a superior manner. Special attention will be given to Commercial and legal printing, and all orders will be promptly filled at moderate rates. «AT(JRDAa, FKIIKIAUV 16, 1889. Immigration into the United States during the past year came to 578,500. That is 8,000 more than for the year 1887. There will be 100,000 acres of new vines planted In California this year. Here is a fact that says the industry is not to be let collapse, but that it is profit able and thriving. The State of California has nearly #3,000,000 at interest for the benefit of her public schools. The interest last year came to nearly $90,000. The schools of the State will compare favorably with those of any State in the Union. The Superintendent of Schools has recently distributed $2,109,900 to the several counties. Los Angeles county received of this $212,550. Mr. J. M. Dam in in, one of the Repub lican Assemblymen frem Los Angeles county, will find the resolutions adopted by the Board of Supervisors yesterday very interesting reading. His attempt to open the Treasury of Los Angeles county to the unchecked rapacity of the Justices and Constables will be remem bered against him long after he has be gun to comb gray locks. The Herald some weeks ago exposed a system under which the office of Constable of Los Angeles county was worth twice the salary of a judge of the Supreme Court. Mr. White's bill killed the nuisance, and now Mr. Damron seeks to revive it. The resolutions of the Board are timely and emphatic. Woodson's little game won't work. Meanwhile, this complaisant .Assemblyman may prepare, in the language of Wolsey, to Did farewell—a long farewell—to all his legislative great ness. His usefulness is exhausted, so far as the people of Lo? Angeles pounty are concerned. Dotßf less there are a good many idle men in Southern California at the pres ent time; but there are not enough of them to justify the excited speeches be ing made by men, a good many of whom are cranks, always ready to embrace half an opportunity to harangue a crowd of men on this topic. If those men who gather on the street corners to listen to those harangues would consent to go into the country they would, in many cases, find work to do on the farms, and at good wages. There will always be found a large number of people in the world who will not work. There are just two things to be done to give work to every laborer in Los Angeles. The first is for the ranchmen to change from the custom of employing Chinese, and give the work to white men. This will call for some patriotism and some self-denial on tbe part of our farmers. The Chinese are obtainable in gangs from an agency. They herd together in large bodies in very close quarters. They cook their own meals and take care of their own Bleeping places. White men cannot do those things. They must have decent quarters, some one to cook their meals, a comfortable place to eat, and other con comitants of that high civilization under which they have been born and brought up. The other thing to be done to secure work for our idle men, is for them to make up their minds to forego the excitement and pleasures of a city and to reconcile themselves to life in the country. It is monotonous, but it is far preferable to idleness. No doubt it will require some time to bring this adjustment about, but there are many inducements to both factors in the prob lem to set the interested parties earnestly to work. In the case of the employer, he will get a more efficient and more intelligent grade of labor, and all the money he pays out will remain here in the country. To four out of every five white men to whom a wage is paid, it is paid to men who will in time become employers themselves. They will get a piece of land, found a home, and aid in the development of the country. It is a duty every good citizen owes his country, to give labor to such men, rather than to this horde of foreign adventurers, who ■end nine-tenths of all their savings be yond sea. On the side of the laborer, there is the inducement of founding a home. His family may grow up in the country, removed from the temp tations and excitements of city life. These small concessions will put to work all the idle men in Los Angeles, and will keep them all at work. We are not ■orry to see this subject agitated. We ' always take a deep interest in any movement tending to, or even intended to, benefit the wage-winner; but it is not right to misrepresent the situation here, which is not in the least degree an alarm- ' lag one. THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: SATURDAY MORMNG, FEBRUARY' 16. lf-89 Piping in a Different Key. Readers of the Herald will remember that one of tbe leading reasons advanced by the Herald for trying to defeat the new Charter was that it shamefully gerrymandered the city. A single glance at the alignment of the wards showed the gross unfairness of the apportionment, the scheme being cunningly concocted to throw a great mass of Democratic voters into a single ward. The Repub lican press affected to regard this change with incredulity, and were unreserved in their assurances that everything was fair and equare, and that a gerrymander existed only in the Herald's imagina tion. No journal was louder than the Express in repelling our view of the operation of the new Charter. In its issue of yesterday, however, it pipes in a different key. It says: Councilmenand me mbers of the Board of Education will be elected this time under new conditions—conditions much more favorable to the Republicans than those which governed at the last elec tion. The city has been divided into nine wards, and by the new Charter, one Councilman and one member of the Board of Education will be elected from each. Only one of these wards can be set down as even probably Democratic. Two are in doubt, and the six remaining are surely Republican. Now Ist the Re publicans stand together, and with earnest work they can make practically a clean sweep. The foregoing reads exactly like an extract from a Herald editorial during the discussion which preceded the adop tion of the new charter. It is a fine ex ample of tweedledum and tweedledee. Of course it is quite possible for the Dem ocratic majority to be so large as to over ride the shrewdest attempt to defeat the will of the people, and we heartily hope this will be the case in the present in stance. It certainly ought to be. There is something specially infamous in a de liberate attempt, through chicane and indirection, to defeat the real purpose of all elections, the expression of the peo ple's will. In nearly all cases, such con spiracies act like a Boomerang, and work the discomfiture of their authors. On the principle that a frank confession is good for tbe soul, we suppose that the Express feels better, now that it has told the truth. Woman Suffrage. No doubt quite a ripple has been created in the legislature by Senator McComas's presentation of a numerously signed petition advocating Womans Suf frage. The people of California are the most chivalrous on the footstool, or at least they so regard themselves, and it would seem that in this State a great social reform ought to be an easily accomp lished thiDg, but nevertheless it appears to move with leaden feet. There is only one reason for this, and that is that woman, take her as a whole, don't want to vote in California. The very moment the younzer and prettier portion of the sex indicates a desire to go to the polls, the male Californian will stand hat in hand, bowing her to the ballot box. At first glance it seems passing strange that women are not unanimous in their demand for the suffrage. In everything else in this commonwealth they have matters absolutely their own way. All the laws, testamentary and other, are framed almost absolutely with a view to favor that exquisite sex ; an.d. our system Only lacks the cap-sheaf of woman-suf frage to record man's complete subjuga tion. The indifference of young and pretty women on this subject can only be explained by the fact that they already absolutely control the male law-makers, occupy vicariously the several offices and are generally mistresses of the situ ation. Unfortunately, the] male biped Is so constituted—his temperament is so light and frivolous—that a young and beauti ful feminine face, shining through an aureole of golden curls, has far more in fluence with him than the gravest and most commanding vieage destitute of a wealth of tresses. This is neither philo sophical nor right, unless it is the latter, on the postulate of Alexander Pope that whatever is is right. Owing to this circumstance the progress of the suffrage reformers has been slow. But there is a way in which they can make it sure. Let them apply themselves to making converts cf their frivolous but beautiful sisters. It has long been an axiom that all these splen did movements of reform are confined to long-haired men and short-haired wom en, and an acquaintance with the general run of those who figure on public plat forms has convinced us that this is about the truth. Just as soon as the suffrage re formers succeed in crowding their plat forms with the long-haired of their sex— those whose tresses are abundant and glossy, whether blonde or black—the short-haired men will swell the crowd, and victory is assured. This programme does not seem to us to present any insu perable difficulties, and it is the true point to which the efforts of the reform erso ight to 1) • directed. This once ac compolisbed, woman suffrage will follow so easily tbat its earlier apostles will wonder that they ever encountered any impediment. Riparian Owners vs. Water Appro priators. It will be remembered that shortly after the decision of our State Supreme Court in the case of Lux vs. Haggin was rendered, iv which the doctrine of Ripa rian supremacy was declared as tbe law of this State, the Legislature amended our Civil Code by repealing section 1422 thereof, which excepted the lands of riparian proprietors from the provisions of the law allowing the acquisition of water by appropriation. A case is now about to come before tbe Supreme Court of thia State, at the en suing April term here, in which the question of the validity of the law of acquiring the use of water by appropria tion, as the law now stands, will be tested. The case is entitled, "Geneva Land and Water Company vs. Semi- Tropic Land and Water Company," and comes from San Bernardino. The plain tiff located and took out from Lytle Creek on the lands of defendant, whose title was by Mexican grant, one thou sand inches of water, carried the same it a ditch across the lands of defendant by license of a previous owner, as is claimed, to a farming neighborhood some miles distant, and used the same f;r three years in irrigating crops, etc., without hindrance or molestation from any one. When tho defendant corpora lion bought the lands it tore out plain tiff's ditch and stopped his use of the water. Plaintiff brought this action to condemn the right of way for its ditch. Defendant set up that it was a riparian owner, as successor of the former owner of a Mexican grant; showed that plaintiff took out the water from the creek at a point inside the lines of the grant, and claimed that the act cf plaintiff in ap propriating and taking out the water at said point was a trespass; that no right of appropriation under the law exipted when the entry and location should be made without express authority cr per- mission from the giant riparian owner at said point, and therefore plaintiff got no right to the water by its diversion, and no other water right being thereon, no necessity existed for a ditch to be got by condemnation. Tho Court sustained this contention and non-suited plaintiff, who now appeals, and will maintain that under the law the waters of all non navigable streams may be acquired for public use by compliance with the laws of appropriation, regardless of the owner ship of the banks of the stream. Rowell it Rowell and A. B. Hotchkiss are for plaintiffs, appropriators, and Byron Waters and Barclay it Wilson for the riparian claimants, defendants. The grounds gone over in the celebrated caße of Lux vs. Haggin will be again traversed. It is hoped that the dissenting opinion rendered by Judge Ross in that case may be adopted as the law of this State in this case under the changed phase of the law which has occurred by the repeal of Section 1422 of the Civil Code, which before protected the riparian owner. Eminent counsel, collaterally interested, will doubtless be heard as amici curve, the question being one of absorbing in terest and vast importance. The people of Los Angeles are looking forward with a great deal of expectancy to the statesmen the Republican party are going to nominate for the several municipal offices. Our Republican con temporaries are affecting to see a great lack of ability and fitness in the Demo cratic nominees. However, we shall see what we shall see when the light of day is at length let in on the Republican slate. The short Democratic administra tion in our municipal affairs, now draw ing to a close, scarcely admitted of doing much of a substantial character, but at least a beginning has been made. Meas ures have been taken to grade First street, and that important work will be completed in forty days. The eewer question has been taken iv baud and the City Engineer directed to make a survey for an outfall sewer to the ocean. He has finished the work and will be able to report in a few days. This Council has also grappled with the propo sition to tunnel Third Btreet, and has instructed the City Attorney to draw up the papers preparatory to instituting proceedings towards that end. This, with the election of a municipal staff, is about all any body of the kind, however public-spirited and energetic, could do in so short a space of time. How was it with their predecessors? Thoy put in nearly a year squabbling about police matters and listening to babble from Tom, Dick and Harry, The eternal cat erwaul made the citizen stuff up his eara with cotton. The public business was neglected and everything went by de fault. It will be said that thia body was Democratic. So it was, after a fashion. It was a Democratic body, however, which was ruled by Republican counsels and Republican intrigues, and might be called a most apt pupil of the Los Angeles Times. The present admin istration has been Democratic and useful, and its career has given evidence that the Democratic party will undertake tho control of the city's affairs in a business like and patriotic spirit. Should a ma jority of Democrats be chosen at the election next Thursday we may be assur ed of a progressive and go-ahead regime, in which public improvements will be carried out on a scale commensurate with the future of our fair city. No one can forget how jubilant the Republican papers were just prior to the last municipal election, over the grand victory they had in prospect. They were so confident that the election was a mere formality to register the success of their candidate for Mayor, that many Demo crats actually thought it was useless to vote, and only did so out of habit. But when the votes were counted, and the Democratic candidate for Mayor was found to have a majority of one thousand, there was a different kind of music ground out by the Republican organs. They were struck between wind and water, and were up to their necks in work to explain the reason why. Well, these gentry are again playing their game of brag and bluff. Conditions are different now, say these false prophets. Well, they made their own conditions before, and they failed to beat Mr. Bryson by a long shot. We would like to know what Mr. Bryson has done in these two months to dissipate his majority of one thousand. And we would also like to know what the Republican party has done in that time to make itself better with the people now than it was then. Los Angeles county has 0,000 more children of school age than Alameda county; she has nearly half as many as San Francisco county. The figures for these three largest counties in the State are: San Francisco. 59,717; Los Ange les, 27,250; Alameda, 21,236. Mr. Ferrie Dying. Mr. S. L. Ferric, a prominent citizen of th<B community, is lying dangerously ill at his residence at Sierra Madre, and | the doctors have little hopes for his re covery. He contracted a severe cold during a railroad wreck back East last year, and has never properly recovered j from tbe effects. I AT WASHINGTON. General Rosecrans Placed on the Retired List. ADDMISSION OF TERRITORIES. Pensions to Widows of Officers of Both Branches of the Service Allowed. (Associated Press DisDatches to tbe Herald.l Washington, February 15. —In the Senate, the Senate bill to confirm the agreement with the Muscogee (or Creek) Indians in Indian Territory, opening to Battlement unaseigned lands in Indian Territory, the consideration bein_ $2,280,857, was taken from the calendar and passed. Ransom gave notice that he would, to morrow, move to take up the House bill to establish a United States Land Court, and provide for ihe judicial investigation aud settlement of private land claims in New Mexico and Colorado, and would renew that motion every day until a vote on the passage of the bill was reached. Among the bills taken from the calen dar and pasted was the Senate bill au thorizing the President to place William Rosecrans on tho retired list as Brigadier- General of the regular army. The Senate then took up the individual pension bills on the Calendar and passed all of them, forty-one in number, accom plishing the task in 12 minutes. The House bill authorizing tbe Presi dent to appoint William English Second Lieutenant in the regular army,was taken from tbe calendar and explained and ad vocated by Daniel, who claimed that, the sentence of the court martial under which English was cashiered was unduly severe, and that a reprimand would have ■ been quite sufficient. The bill was passed, with an amendment authorizing the President to nominate him, by and with the consent of the Senate. The Texas outrage resolution was again taken up, and Senator Cook re sumed his speech. Without finishing, Cook yielded the floor to Gibson, who offered resolutions expressing sorrow at the death of the late representative Hob ertson, of Louisiana, and proceed to eulo gize the life and character of the de ceased member. After appropriate re marks by Kustis and Kenan, and as a further mark of respect, the Senate ad journed at 4:45 till to-morrow. THE lIOISE. Washington, February 16. —In the House, Keed, of Maine, reserved a point of order against the Mills resolu tion. The Committee on Foreien Affairs reported back the Senate bill appro priating .f1'50,000 to enable the President to protect the interests of the United States in Panama. McOreary, of Kentucky, urged the necessity of making an appopriation to relieve 4.000 or 6,000 American citizens on the Panama canal in a destitute con dition. Before action was taken the bill was laid aside, temporarily, to enable the House, under special order, to consider the resolution instructing the House con ferees on the Territorial bill as to the method they should pursue in arriving at an agreement. The pending motion was to table the m Jt ion to reconsider tho vote by which the House agreed to that portion of the resolution directing the conference to so amend the bill as to provide for the ad mit*) ion of South Dakota under the Sioux Fails Constitution by proclamation of the President without a new vote on dt-, visfon, The motion prevailed, 144 to 109. The remaining instruction, relative to. the admission of North Dakota, Montp/ua and Washington by proclamation was agreed to without division, and the bill was again sent to the conference after adoption of the preliminary instructing clause 149 to 101. The House then passed the Senate bill, appropriating $260,000 for protection of American interests in Panama. Browne, of Indiana, called up the Sen ate bill granting a pension of $100 a month, with the House amendment re ducing the rate to $76, to the widow of Brigadiar-General Jos. B. Plummer. The amendment was agreed to, and the bill passed. The Senate bill was passed granting a pension of $50 a month to the widow of Rear-Admiral Nicholson. On motion of Blount, of Georgia, and despite Randall's objections, the call of committees for reports was dis pensed with, and the House went into Committee of the Whole on the Post office Appropriation bill pending an amendment, offered by Cannon, increas ing by $300,000 the appropriation for the clerks in the postofiices, was discussed for some time. There was a majority in favor of the amendment, but Blount raised the point of no quorum, and the committee rose. The bill was passed for the payment of 4th of July claims. The amount in volved is $30,000. The House then took recess. . A PLAIN PROTEST. The Ways and means Committee Make Plain Talk. Washington, February 15 —The free list in the Tariff bill fixed by the Ways and Means Committee, is almost identi cal with that of the Mills bill. The re port of the Committee referring to the Senate Finance Committee says in part: "The policy of the party represented by the Finance Committee is the policy of restriction not only against the import of products, but restriction against the distribution of wealth among the masses by permitting them to buy where they can buy cheapest, and sell where they can sell highest. It, is restriction against the employment of labor, a restriction against the demand for employment and better wages. It is contended by them that if we exclude foreign imports, our own manufacturers and their workmen will supply them, and that will give employment to our own people. The report adduces figures and statistics of the operation of the tariff law in past years to meet the Senate contention, and declares that those years which showed decreasing im portatii ns were among the darkest in our industrial history. It is contended that reduced duties mean larger exporta tion, and that increased importations mean increased prosperity, that 90 per cent of the goods consumed in the United States are products at a lower cost than in foreign countries—which is a sufficient answer to the scare-crow cry ', that free importation would result in ruining onr industries and labor. It is said that reduction on rates will increase the importation of articles now imported, constituting less than five per 1 cent, of the consumption, but it would ' not bring to this country any of the arti- i cles now produced at home because they can be, and are, produced and cold here cheaper than they can be produced abroad _ and imported and cold here in competition with our own. Lowering of duties will not increase the importation of any of the articles which we manu facture at home. But it will lower the price of these articles to the consumer. The Committee Bays: The policy de fined and declared by the Finance Com mittee is destructive of all American in dustries, except that of building up privileged classes, who are to be enriched and kept so by the prostitution of the taxing power of the Government. The report says there is no good reason why the sugar bounty provision of the Senate bill should be adopted, and concludes with the statement that there will really be no reduction of the customs revenue under the provisions of the Senate sub stitute. A Kick Irom Mills. Washington, February 15.—The House Committee on Ways and Means reported back the Mills Tariff bill with tho Senate amendment. Referred to the Committee of tbe Wholo. Mills silso reported the following reso lution, which, he said, presented the question of privilege, aud consideration of which he would ask the House to enter upon Tuesday: Resolved, That the substitution by the Senate, under the form of an amendment for a bill of the House, No. 9,051 (the Mills bill), of another and different bill containing general re vision of laws imposing import duties and internal taxes, is in conflict with the true intent and purpose of section 7, ar ticle of the constitution ; that said bill be returned to the Senate with the respect ful suggestion that said section vests in the House of Representatives the sole power to originate such a measure. McKinley said the constitutional ob jection raised by the majority of the com mittee to reduction of revenue had been called to the atention of the committee only this morning. He therefore reserved to the minority the right to file their views. Miscellaneous Motions. Washington, February 15.—Senator Voorhees to-day introduced the following as a proposed amendment to the Sundry Civil appropriation bill: "Soldiers and sailors of the War of the Rebellion, who were honorably discharged from the military or naval service of the United States, the widows and children of de ceased soldiers, shall be eligible to appointment, transfer, and pro motion, snbject only to such examination as may be prescribed by the heads of Departments, and without com petitive examination." The bill introduced by Senator Spooner to-day, provides that the system of Farm ers' Institutes shall be maintained as a part of the Agricultural Department, the annual cost of this system of insti tutes not to exceed $500,000, exclusive of permanent salaries and printing reports of ins:itute meetings. New Mexico still Knocking. Washington, February 14.—Delegate Josephs, .New Mexico, to-day introduced bill of a to enable the people that Terri tory to form a constitution and State government, and to be admitted to the union on an equal footing with the orig inal States, me bill follows the pro visions of the omnibus bill, retaining those features which relate to New Mex ico particularly and to all the Territories in common. The Pan-Klrcretlc Scandal. Washington, February 15.—The Star to-night says the complainant, Dr. Rogers, in the Pan-Electric case, intends to summon President Cleveland after March 4, to testify as to statements in re gard te the Pan-Electric Company, al leged to have been made to the Presi dent by Garland, Casey Young, Senator Harris and others. J<rilnclii X (Ue Revenue. Washington, February 15.—The Ways and Means Committee this morning practically decided to report a bill mak - ing an estimated reduction iv revenueeof about seven millions. Sent to Conference. Washington, Fehruary 15.—1n the House tho Senate amendments to the Fortification Appropriation bill were non concurred in and a conference was ordered. The Pension Appropriation bill was also sent to the conference. Sworn In. Washington, February 15.—Norman J. Colman, the newly-appointed Secre tary of Agriculture, received his commis sion from the President this afternoon and took the oath of office. A REDSKIN KICK. The Mescalleroe Wast No Truck With Ueronimo's Braves. Santa Fe, N. M., February 15.—The following letter was received by the Speaker of the House of Representatives this morning, which, when translated, read as follows: "The Indian Nautzilla, chief of Mes callero, says to his friend and father tbat there have come to Mescallero reserva tion some of Geronimo's Indians, and the Mescalleros are afraid and sad. It makes them sorry. They want Wash ington to take away the agent for allowing Geronimo's Indians to remain on the Mescallero reservation, because they will fight with the Ojo Caliente and the Chiricahuas if they remain on the reservation, and they cannot remain there with Geronimo's Indians, and may have to leave their homes on the reser vation, and then they will have to fight." The letter was written or dictated with out any knowledge on the part of Naut zilla or his Indians that the Legislature of New Mexico has taken any action on the subject. Antl-Prohlbltlonlsts Organizing. Chicago, February 14.—The organiza tion known as "The Personal Rights League," which was organized last sum mer nnd which has, as one of its car dinal objects, resistance to the Prohibi tion movement, which is characterized as a menace to citizens' rights, has issued an impassioned address to the citizens of the United States warning ] them of the danger threatening them in tbe Prohibition movement and calling on all opposed to it to join in the work of fighting them by forming local assem blies under the plan of the parent organ ization in Chicago. murdered by Italians. Wilkesbarke, February 15.—The town of Pittston is excited to-day over the finding of the dead body of John Gray, a citizen of that place. Three gun-shot wounds were found in him. The murder waß committed by Italians for the pur pose of robbery. They made their escape, but the officers are in pursuit. There are threats of lynching. Undelivered Telegram*. The following are the telegrams re maining at the Western Union Telegraph office, 6 Court street, February 15th: L. T. Rowe, Albert M. Thompson, A. M. Bowdle, Arthur Soule. John Harrison. INTERNAL REVENUE. Important Changes Very Likely to be Made. TOBACCO NOT TO BE TAXED. The Substitute for the Cowles Bill Favorably Reported by the Committee. I Associated Tresa Dispatcher to the Herald. ) Wash—OTon, February 15 —By a vote of 9 to 5 the House Committee on Ap propriations to-day resolved to report favorably the substitute for the Cowles Internal Revenue bill. The substitute proposes the entire repeal of the tobacco tax, and omits the "Moonshine" sections of the Cowles bill. Later—lt was learned later that the vote on reporting the measure was 10 to 4 instead of 9 to 5, as at first reported. Those in favor of the measure were: Randall, Clements, Felix, Campbell, of New York, Sayers, Cannon, Ryan, But terworth, Long, McComas aud Hender son. Those opposed to it were Forney, Foran, Sayers and Rice. Forney says he will report a substitute bill, removing the duty on manufactured tobacco and snuff but not on cigars and cheroots. Representative Sayers said he in tended to prepare a minority report for presentation. He taid: "I am op posed to reducing the surplus by taking off the tax on cigars, cheroots and ciga rettes until we have first reduced the customs duties on the necessaries of life. There appears to be some difference of opinion as to the measure of privilege which the Revenue bill will possess, and this may, later, bring on a conflict on the floor of the House between the Ways and Means and the Appropriations Com mittees. It might be well to state the position of the last National Committee in the matter. While it does not con tend that any committee, other than that of Ways and Means, is privileged to report a revenue bill at any time, it holds that, under the rules, when a bill is once reported and placed on the calendar, it will itself be privileged, and that a motion may, at any time, be made to go into Committee of the Whole to consider a revenue bill. To succeed in going at the tobacco bill.. it would be necessary for the House to lay aside any Revenue bill preceding it on the calendar and if the Ways and Means Committee should anticipate the report of the Committee on Appropria tions by reporting another tariff bill, this might prove a serious, but not necessar ily unsurmountable obstacle to the accomplishment of the wishes of the triendß of the bill to repeal the tooacco tax. The formal action of the Appropri ations Committee upon thr Cowles bill was to strike out sections 1, 2, 3 and 4 and substitute sections 1 and 2 of Ran dall's tariff bill, introduced last session, and also to strike out sections 0, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 16 of the Cowles bill. In the shaoe in which it will be reported, the bill provides that, alter July Ist next, all laws now in force whereby farmers and producers of to bacco are restricted in the sale and dis position of the same, and all laws relat ing to internal revenue taxes on manu factured tobacco, snuff, cigars, cheroots and cigarettes, and the special taxes re quired by law to be paid by manu facturers of, and dealers in, leaf tobacco, retail dealers in manufactured tobacco peddlers of tobacco, snuff and cigars and manufacturers of snuff and of cigars' shall be repealed. It is provided also that drawbacks equal to the tax shall be paid on unbroken factory packages in the hands of manufacturers and dealers when the law takes effect. Redemption »t pro rata valuation of special tax stamps Is provided for. The second section provides that all internal revenue laws limiting, restricting or regulating the manufacture, sale or exportation of tobacco, snuff, cigars, cheroots and cigarettes shall be repealed on July Ist, next; but that no drawback shall be allowed upon such articles en tered for export on or after that date. A proviso declares that all laws now in force shall remain and have full force and effect in respect to all offences com mitted, liabilities incurred, or rights ac cruing or accrued prior to the date when Ihe repeal of tbe taxes shall take effect. Another section provides for the aboli tion of minimum punishments wherever prescribed for violations of internal rev enue laws with leave for the court to im pose any fine or punishment within the maximum. It is also provided that warrants for . arrests shall be returnable before the competent judicial officer nearest to the place of arrest, who shall have exclusive authority to make the preliminary exam ination, bail, discharge or commit the prisoner (excluding Indian Territory). The United States Courts are also given authority to appoint commissioners wherever necessary. The remaining sections forbid the de struction or mutilation of seized distilling apparatus, and authorize United States . judges to make proper orders for the com fort of persons whose life or health is en dangered by close confinement. Provi sion is finally made for the abolition of all offices for the collection of reveues which are cut off by the bill. RAILROAD 111 HOHS. Tne Interstate Commerce AcsocL atlon to Be Perfected. Chicaoo, February 15.—1t now seems probable that ihe Interstate Commerce Railroad Association agreement will soon go into effect by its having received the signatures of the presidents of the roads embraced in the territory covered. Pres ident Hughitt of the Northwestern road, has received advices from Boston this afternoon that President Perkins, of the Burlington road, had finally signed. President Cable of the Rock Island road, who returned from Colorado to-day, told the Associated Press reporter that the agreement had also been signed by the President of the Denver, Texas and Gulf Road, formerly the Denver and Fort Worth. If this report is correct there yet remain to sign only the Bur lington and Northern, the Illinois Central and Kansas City, and the Fort Scott and Gulf, and it is considered probable that the first-named road will follow in the lead of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincv The adhesion of the Illinois Central' and Kansas City, Fort Scott and M t. not considered so import ??»; «, nr 1S - ' definitely understood that the Illinois Central will at any rate comply with the terms of the agreement. President Cable is of opinion that all the roads will eventually sign, as, in his opinion, they could not afford to stay out °l Hj? association. The contentions of the Burlington and Northern that the Soo and other Northern lines must be in cluded, he did not think would be in sisted on, as the association could pro tect the Burlington and Northern against them, if necessary, by united action, as well as that line could protect itself act ing independently.