Newspaper Page Text
DAILY ITERATE j
—PUBLISHED— ' BKVKN DAYH A WTCKK. MMsfS D. LYNCH. JAMS J. AYBRS. AVERS A LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. ortlClAl, PAPER* IBatered at the r«stofflce at Los Angoles as second-class matter. I DELIVERED BY CARRIERS Mkt «Oc. per Week, or BQc. per moutli. TERMS B7 Mill., IHOtAJDISS postaoe: Baiit Herald, one year *f"B* Daily H kbcld, six months. *• *•> Daily Hksald, three rconths Herald, one year oo Weekly Herald, six months. J--w Weekly Herald, three months BO UJ-tiarrated HERALD,_percopy id Local Correspondence irom adjacent towns 'Epeclally solicited. Remittances should bo made by draft, check, .■ostoffice order or postal note. The latter should •c sent for all sums less than $5._ Orncx of Poeiication, 123-5 West Second street, between Spring and Fort, Los Augeleß. Notice to .Hull subscribers. The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers to the Los Angeles Daily Hkkald will be promptly discontinued hereafter. No papcra will be sent to subscribers by mail uule«o the aamo havo been paid for in advance. This rule la Inflexible. Ayers A Lynch. JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT—Owing to our greatly increased facilities we are prepared to execute all kinds of Job work in a superior manner. Special attention will be given to commercial and legal printing, and all orders will be promptly filled at moderate rates. noNHAi, mAKcn 4, isss. Canada and the I'nlted state*. The most statesmanlike meaeure that has gone through Congress this session is that which lays the groundwork for a commercial union with Canada. The action of Congressman Butterworth, a few months ago, in introducing a bald and rash proposition for the annexation of the Dominion, was foolish and untimely. Tbe irritation on both sides of the St. Lawrence on account of the fisheries controversy and the retaliation measures made the Butterworth proposition offen sive to our neighbors, and provoked a spirit calculated to widen the breach. If annexation is desir able it must be brought about in a natural way. It cannot be advanced by a brash or a patronizing policy on our part. Preliminary to any movement to a political union must be a union of sentiment of the two peoples; and this union of sentiment can only be brought about by creating a union of interests. Nothing will conduce more to this than a reciprocal commer cial system of exchanges based upon principles of equity and justice. If the people of Canada were brought nearer to us in the interchange of trade by a tariff adjusted upon principles that would work out equal mutual benefits, the way would be paved to a closer union of sentiment upon political points. But this is a work of time. As long as either side has, or thinks that it has, an undue advantage of the other there can be no reciprocity of good feeling, and without that there can be no possibility of political union. Force will not accom plish it. Marriage does not result from mutual hate or suspicion any more with states than with individuals. The strength of a binding tie must rest in mutual respect cemented by mutual interest. Therefore we say that the plan proposed by Congress is the cor rect one. Canada may not be now in the mood to accept it. But she may be hereafter, and it is well that it should be ready for her when she feels that it is her interest to embrace it. It is a door open that will give passage to a still wider door in the distance. We must remember that our neighbor is no bantling. Although she ia far be hind ua in wealth and power and popu lation, we must appreciate the fact that she is territorially a giant, and possessed of resources so varied and so vast that her future possibilities are simply un limited. Whilst the United States can do without Canada and Canada can flourish without the United States, yet both would reach a higher state of prosperity and greatness if they were politically united. Our vacant public lands are rapidly being settled upon, and it will not be many years before there will be none left. But Canada has mil lions of acres that would supply the demand of settlers for the next two centuries. It must not be supposed that becanss these lands are nearer the polar region than ours that they are less available for agriculture than those of some of our border States. The winters are milder in Manitoba than in Minnesota, and a writer in the January number of the North American Review, who baa care f ally examined this subject, declares that the great wheat region of the future is that vast stretch of territory in the Dominion which reaches from Hudson Bay to British Columbia. It is worth our while to conciliate, and unite with us, if possible, a people wbo control the destinies of a country which ia territorially larger than our own, and which possesses possibilities ot a development but little less than have been exemplified by the United Statea in the last cen tury. That kind of statesmanship which will pave the way for the political union of these two countries is the kind of statesmanship which will confer last ing benefits on a great branch of the human race. Those who are speculating as to when Los Angeles will again strike the up track had better stop talking and go into the country and look around. They are somewhat like the sailors who howlod for water and were informed by a pass ing vessel that they were in the river Amazon and that all they bad to do was to dip. All the doubters have to do is to open their eyes. Los Angeles is again decisively on the up track and has been so for some months past. Fairer crops never greeted the eye than are to be seen in every direction in this country. We are far ahead of any other region of the State in the forwardness of our crops, unless the exception be found in Ventura and some portions of the other southern counties, all of which are away ahead of the northern and central counties. Money has become much eased, pouring in here from the East and San Francisco. The real estate market has shown • THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: MONDAY MORNING. MARCH 4. 1889. marf.ed improvement, purchasers hav ing, lost the timidity which signalized them a month or two ago. The volume of property transactions is steadily im proving. Some ingenious persons are in the habit of referring this to the closing out of old transactions. If this be true, then the people are settling up at twice the old rate. But it is not true. The whole past year has been one of liquida tion, and most of the old deals have been adjusted in some fashion. The fact is that snap bargains have been lying around here for months past, and shrewd people have picked them up, and are engaged in that pleasing and profitable pastime now. The turn of the tide in real estate matters waß marked when Captains Ain3worth and Thompson came here and bought out the old Re dondo Beach and Inglewood companies. Values on the outside are as low now as they were high a year ago last winter, and sagacious business men know it. It is this that is working the change, and it will be accelerated towards fall. The evidences are becoming very abundant that the people of wealth and distinction are at last beginning to appre ciate the advantages and charms of a residence at Santa Monica. Senator John P. Jones has erected at that place a palatial residence, on the corner of Ocean and Nevada avenue 3. Ocean avenue has been put in good shape, and ia aligned by a quite creditable class of residences. The fact is that people will wake up some fine morning and find that it will cost a heap of money to buy a villa site in any of the popular Los Angeles seaside resorts. When the figures at Newport, Cape May, Atlantic City, Long Beach and Bar Harbor are considered, an eligible lot can be had at Santa Monica as cheao as dirt. This will not always be the case, and the indications are that a first-class revival is ahead for that pop ular resort this Summer. The Nevada Senator has at last taken a thorough in terest in his princely estate there, and no one can make things move in a livelier manner than he. Ot R representative in the Assembly seems to have a decided contempt for the adage tbat a burnt child dreads the fire. In spite of his recent hard ex perience, he has introduced a bill that will bring the whole female sex down on his devoted head. His measure makes it unlawful for ladies to wear in places of public amunement hats that are over three inches higher than the crown of the head, or more than three inches beyond its "lateral circumference." The penalty is fine and imprisonment; but the act does not apply to females more than thirty-five years of age. Mr. Damron may have meant this bill for a joke, but the Assembly has accepted it in dead earnest, and will pass it. Now let him brace up and meet the storm. Whilst the bill is meritorious, it will raise up a host of avengers against its author. The coal combination in Pennsylvania has restricted the output of the mines by shutting them down two days in each week. It goes without saying that the wages of the miners are shut down also. But the prices of coal will be kept up. It is the old 6tory. And yet Mr. Carnegie would have the people believe that trusts are a mere "bugaboo," that combinations to control prices of universal necessities are impossible, and that keeping out com peting soft coal by taxing it has no effect in bulwarking the anthracite ring. The people are learning better. Our Sacramento correspondent Bays that the bill to divide Los Angeles county will become a law if it can be raised from the file of the Senate. He makes some very extraordinary revelations about the influences that have been successfully invoked to help the measure through. The people of Santa Ana have presented a strong and aggressive front on this sub ject, and their attitude presents a striking contrast to the apathy and vacillation of our own immediate citizens in the matter. A sispiciors rumor reaches us from Kiel that shots had been exchanged in Samoan waters between the German cor vette Olga and an American man-of-war. At last accounts the Olga had been or dered to the African Coast. How news of this character should have first reached Kiel, on the Baltic, is something we cannot underatand. It ia probably a canard. A GLANCE AT THE PAST. Ureal Estates aud What Became al Them —Nome Startling Bedrock Figure* Twenty.five Years Ago. The Great Pico and Steams Es tates — General Notes —Pasadena and tbe San Pasqual Kanch. There have been some remarkable changes of values in the three million six hundred thousand acres of Los Ange les county. Estates have been parted with here for a mere song by old Califor nia families which, if they had been held till to-day, would have made their own ers immensely wealthy even at the low est figures which followed the so-called collapse of the boom. To begin with, there is Pio Pico, the last of the Mexican governors, a gentle man who is now enjoying a hale old age, with the consciousness that he has parted with more acres than any man who ever lived in California, and who, if he had kept his possessions, would rank with the Astora and Vanderbilts. The old ex-Governor had always an insatiate appetite for litigation, and he was also a caballero of the high old Cas tilian kind. He is said to have lost $00,000 on a single horse on the Los An geles course in his palmy days, and to have greeted the failure with a serene smile. In 1865 Pio Pico sold the superb Santa Margarita ranch, which lies just over the Los Angeles line, in San Diego county, and which now belongs to the Flood estate, for $100,000, payable in ten annual installments of $10,000. The ranch consisted of 105,000 acres. In 1873 or 74 Pio Pico got into a litigation with Don Juan Forster over this same Santa Margarita ranch. At tho opening of the controversy Don Juan offered to settle the dispute by paying Pico $50,000. The old gentleman waa so attached to law suits That lie rejected the compromise, lost the suit ana probably spent $50,000 in lawyers' fees and costs of process, in addition. He has parted with an acre age that rau up to the hundreds of thou sands, and even tbe Pico House has slip ped from his grasp. Beginning towards the northern end of the ccuiity there are some interesting notes of the old rancheros and their es tates. Tbe old San Fernando Mission property was o*ned by General Andre j Hco and Kulogio F. do Celis. each hav ing between 55,000 and 00,000 acres. Pico sold bis portion of this splendid property to tiie late Isaac Laukershiw (or about $I.' an acre. Mr. Lankershim in turn sold it to tho Los Angeles Milling Company at figures which we have no: learnod. De Celis sold his larga holding to the Hon. Charles Maclay and the Porters, tho price realized being in tho neighborhood of $2.50 per acre. None of these lands can now be puichasoJ at less than an , average, rough and smooth, of $100 an acre. They were fouud to be superb wheat and barley lands, yielding abundant crops. Ponions of this domain are now supplied with water in pipes, and several flourishing towns and settloments are lo cated on thorn. The old mission build ings, in which for so many yoars General Pico held a sort of baronial court, have been allowed to fall to pieces. Droppiug d jwn to the southern end of he couuty, about tho most remarkable iransaction in real estate ever known in this suction took place. It was about the close of the war when old Btfior Sepulveda, the father of .fudge Ygnaeio Sepulveda, sold the San Joaquin ranch, consisting of between 50,000 and 00.000 acres, to Irvine and Flint, for $27,000 in greenbacks, which were then at a very heavy discount, making the real con sideration probably less than $20,000 in gold coin. These gentlemen afterwards bought a great part of the Santa Ana ranch for 62 1 ., cents an acre. The flourishing city of Santa Ana is situated on this property, as is also the town oi Orango. About this time the Messrs. Andrew G. Glassed and A. B. Chapman bought from the Yorbas another large slice of the Santa Ana ranch, for which they paid somewhere between 02'i> cents and $1.50 an acre. The lands where the colony of Anaheim now stands were sold to tho representa tive of the original colonist for $2 or $3 an acre—certainly not more than $3. The Lugos were another native Cali fornia family that owned immense tracts of land, included in which was tho cele brated Laguna ranch of some eleven thousand acres, whose value now is al most priceless, as it immediately adjoins the city. This is now the property of Mrs. Arcadia B. do Baker. The Lugo lands went in those days for figures ranging between $1 anil $2 an acre. Don Abel Steams at one time owned lands in Los Angeles county which would have made a good sized German principality. Between this and San Bernardino county hiß possessions must have footed up between 250,000 and 300,000 acres. His possession em braced the Los Coyotes, Los Alamitos, Los Bolsas and many other ranches in this county. The groat drouth of 1803-64 reduced this enterprising citizen to great financial straits, which obliged him to sell the Steams Rancho to a San Francisco company for $2 an acre, Mr. Steams retaining a one-seventh interest. Mr. Robinson was made trustee, and for years the sales of these Steams ranches was a leading factor in our real estate development. During the stress of these hard times the Alamitos ranch was sold under foreclosure for $26,000 or $27,000, the original mortgage being for $18,000. The man who would buy the 28,000 acres of the Alamitos ranch now would do well to have his hundreds of thousands well in hand. The Cerritos ranch, contsining 27,000 acres, formed part of the estate of John Temple, to which we alluded yesterday, and it was sold by Executor Hinchman to the Bixbys for less than $25,000. The ranch house, which had been recently erected, and which was an elegant building for those days, had itself cost $15,000, which left precious little for the land. The ownership of the San Pedro ranch was divided up between the three brothers. Dominguez, Manuel, Pedro and Nesareo. Manuel stuck to his share, and it is now owned by his daughters. Pedro and Wesareo sold their interest at prices rauging from $1 to $s—none of it fetching more than 16. The town of Compton, with all its rich bottom lands, formed part of the San Pedro ranch. The Sausal Redondo and Centinela rancho was bought by Sir Francis Ben nett for less than $2 an acre; and, as finally surveyed, it contained somewhere in the neighborhood of 27,000 acres. Sir Francis afterwards sold it to Mr. D. Free man for about $5 62 an acre. Mr. Free man has since sold large portions of it to the Inglewood and Redondo Beach Com panies and other parties at figures which have yielded him close upon $2,000,000. A CUKIOI S CHAPTER. In 1875 the banking firm of Temple & Workman waa supposed to be the richest institution, and the members of the firm the richest men in Southern California. In September of that year the Bank of California failed, and its failure was fol lowed very shortly by that of the Tem ple & Workman Bank of Los Angeles. The firm had immensely valuable ranchos, including the Puente, La Mer ced, San Felipe Lugo, and city property valued at anywhere from $250,000 to half a million dollars. Wm. Workman owned at least twenty-six thousand and Temple twenty thousand acres of the best lands in Los Angeles county. Temple posted up to San Francisco and borrowed $300,000 from Mr. E. J. Baldwin, and re-opened his bank, giving a mortgaee on the total possessions of Templo and Work - man. He weathered the storm for a few months, when he was again obliged to close the doors of the bank, with liabili ties of eleven hundred thousand dollars. The partners and bank were thrown into bankruptcy; and the Temple <t Work man, now the Newmark block, other city property and all these splendid ranchos, were acquired by Baldwin in satisfaction of his $300,000 mortgage, the creditors of the bank and of the individuals getting not a cent. This property was richly worth then $3,000, --000, and a moderate estimate of its value now would not be far from $10,000,000. These ranchos, together with the Santa Anita, which the Newmarka had bought for $75,003 and sold to Baldwin for $200, --000, the San Francisquito and Cieneg'a ranchos, make Mr. Baldwin the largest taxpayer in Los Angeles county. They constitute the finest and most valuable estate in the State of California. The Santa Monica v San Vicente rancho was purchased 'by Col. R. S. Baker from one of the Sepulvedas for leas than $2 50 an acre. Col. Baker afterwarda sold three-fourths of the 35, --000 acres of which it consiata to Senator John P. Jones for nearly $300,000, the tranaaction taking place in 1874. The three largest taxpayers in Los Angelea county atand in about the fol lowing order: E. J. Baldwin. I. W. Hellman, Mrs. Arcadia B. de Baker. THE BAN PASQUAL RANCH—PASADENA. Perhaps one of the most striking cvi dences of the rapidity with which things ' have chanced in Los Angeles county is ' to be fuund in the history of Pasadena. Somewhere aoout the turn of the year 1572-73, Mr. D. M. Berry, an Indian- , apolis newspaper man, who was after wards for yeata on the staff of this jour nal, waa sent out to look up a suitable location for a colony. After going thor oughly over Southern California, he 1 concluded that Pasadena, than without a name, was just tho right spot. There was the crystal water of the Devil's 1 Gate, which* supplies the fluid for irri gating purposes, to recommend it, H;i struck a bargain with Dr. Griffin, tho owner of tho Sau Pasqual ranch, 'or half of it, which was purchased for a little over $8 an acre, and the Indiana colony was located there. The people of Los An geles at tho time thought that tho Doctor was getting a very high price for his land. The writer rode over the tract to a pic nic at tho Devil's Gate, in April of 1373; and, at that time, the only house in the whole region where Pasadena now stands was the old 'dabio San Pasqual ranch hou*e. Some of that eight dollars an acre hind has since sold for as high as $100,000 in corner lots, and Pasadena now claims a population of 15,000 souls. A MODEL OKANGE ORCHARD. Colonel Keith's Oranges Equal to Any lirown. A representative of the Ga-ettr visited Colonel F. H. Keith's model orange or chard a day or two ago, for the purpose of ascertaining whether this season's crop of oranges was up to ths usual standard of excellence. This lovely or chard is located at the corner of Palm and North street, and contains six acres of as beautiful trees as can bo found any where. Four acres are set with budded Washington Navels, four years old, and two acres are seedlings, fourteen years old. These latter trees will aver age a height of over twenty feet and are literally groaning under their weight of golden fruit. This has always been noted as one of tbo rnoßt carefully cultivated orchards iv this sec tion. To saunter through the fragrant : rowß of beautiful trees, robed in their garb of rich, dark green foliage, and note the shining clusters of golden fruit everywhere—at the very top, sides, lower limbs and partly concealed within the dense green branches —is a sight long to be remembered. F.very tree bends with the weight of its golden fruit, which is . bright and glossy as silk, revealing un i der the microscope not the faintest touch of smut or scale. One seedling orange, when placed under the glass iv tho bunlight, revealed a surfaco as clear ias crystal. This was the case with every | orange that came under inspection. , Upou the tree was a cluster of 32 , magnificent oranges, that certainly would weigh over twenty pounds. Anoiher cluster was observed which contained a i larger number of oranges, and which, it i is confidently expected, will weigh ovev , twenty-five pounds. This will be weighed \ soon, when the result will be given the i public. From each of many trees in this . orchard no less than eight boxes of cran*es were gathored, the fruit averag -1 ing 140 to the box, the tree thus bearing [ 1,108 oranges. The crop on these two i acres of seedlings has been sold for 1 $1,000. This, it will be observed, is 10 ! per cent, on $10,000, or $5 000 per . acre. Some of the larger oranges from this orchard go 85 in the box, • and some go 128. The trees have been < plentifully supplied with bonemeal and 5 manure, three tons of the former fertil ) izer having been placed upon these six [ acres, together with one hundred two horse wagon-loads of the latter. Besides, there is constant attention given the s trees, a man being employed continually 1 giving attention to their care. Colonel | Keith states that he considers bis orange trees his babies, and has a fatherly eye ) on them at all times. There is not i much doubt as to the truth of bis state ment, for a lovelier orchard is Beldom 1 seen. The price paid for these oranges ( is $2 50 per box, while it may be of mr r terest to note that the same purchaser is t paying but $1.75 for the Riverside t product. Within the past few weeks r several parties from Riverside have inspected this orchard and pro i nounce the oranges fully equal or even j superior to any ever grown at Riversfde. 1 Another point may be worthy of mention t at this time. A gentleman from Riverside a few days ago had been inspecting the t grove and asked, after mysterious glances t about the orchard, where "the pans and f posts were|kept?"When informed that the question was not clearly understood, the visitor remarked that at Riverside posts , are placed in the ground at intervals of . every fourth tree. Pans filled with tar ; are placed upon the posts, and the in -5 dustrious Riversider arises at 3 o'clock r every morning, sets fire to the tar and . thus prevents a visitation of frost 1 He . was surprised not to see these ) frost preventives in use here, and was - also very much surprised to note tho cx i cellence" of our oranges, having been induced to believe by willful misrepresentation that we had no . orchards worthy of mention. As a mat [ ter of fact, oranges sent from Anaheim to . the pomologieal fair at Riverside last year by Messrs. Keith and R. J. Northam r were pronounced fully as good or super ior to any on display. There is no fear , ol frost in this locality, and we chal lenge comparison with our oranges from [ any section in the State. Colonel , Keith's orchard shows to what extent , orange-growing may be carried in this > section. With proper care and attention I oranges can be grown here fully the ' equal of the Riverside product, and in the majority of cases our oranges will be the better. Practical tests aud compar isons have proven this fact to be true. — [Anaheim Gazette. COSTLY CHINESE COFFISS. letch Celestials i.lke to Repose In • 10,000 Caskets. Ah Cheong, the Chinese artist in wood, who is now busily at v.ork upon the fancy wood casing of the new Chinese council rooms, when told yesterday of the costly coffin of Mrs. Doctor Hiller, of Wilmington, Mass., and her eccen tricities, eaid that that waa nothing. "It ia," aaid he, "a very common cus tom in China for thousands of years past for rich men and women to have not only their own coffins, but their parents' and their sons' all ordered in one batch at wholesale rates, together with their funeral garments, aa well as cooking utensils and other provisions for the other world." As to the cost of tbat coffin at Wil mington, said Ah Cheong, laughingly, that was nothing compared to a rich man's coffin that he once made at Can ton, China. It took him and two other artists just three years to finish it, and the price paid for the material alone was over 5,000 taels, or $7,500, and the work nearly $10,000 more, which in this coun try for the same work would probably be about five times as much, making mate rials and work about $50,000. "Why, I have an order," he said, "for a Chinese merchant's carved bedstead now, which will, when finished, probably cost $3,000 or $4,000. He doesn't want it very elaborate, either. An elaborate one I charge anything between $5,000 and $10,000 for."-[N. Y. Sun. THE FIFTIETH CONGRESS. A. Review of the Legislative Work Done. TWO RECORDS WERR BROKEN. The President Vetoed, and Consrress Passed, More Bills than Their Predecessors. ■ •■■.! Press Dispatches to the Hebjld. Washington, March 3.—Undoubtedly tho most noteworthy legislative act of tho Fiftioth Congress, which clcses t t noon to-morrow, has been the passuge of the act by which there will bo an addition of four new stars to the National colors. The lirst session was made unusually in teresting by the fact that the National election was near at hand, and that the lines of both parties were closely drawn, with tho leaders watching eagerly for every opportuntty that might give them an adv:in uge, however slight, in the ap proaching contest. Although tho meas ure which caused the prolong if ion of tho first session to a time beyond nil prece dent, failed of enactment and resulted in nothing save a mighty torrent of debate, Congress, nevertheless, achieved a con siderable amount of work. Mure bills have been introduced and more enacted into law than during any other Congress. In the matter of vetoes, the theretofore unsurpassed record of the Forty-ninth Congress has been beaten, President Cleveland disapproving more billß dur ing the last two years of his administra tion than during the first two. He has vetoed directly 278 bills, 157 more than all his predecessors combined, from Washington down; while a number of measures have been subjected to hiß "pocket veto." During tho two sessions there have been introduced in the House 12,059 bills, or 1,400 more than in the preceding Con gress, and 207 joint resolutions, or fifty more than in the Forty-Ninth Congress. Committee reports have been made to the number of 4,154. In the Senate, 3,998 bills and 144 joint resolutions have been introduced, against 3,357 bills and :18 resolutions during the Forty-Ninth Congress, which broke all previous rec ords in this respect. There were 2,700 written reports made, or over 700 in excess of the preceding Congress. Of all these bills and joiut resolutions, 1,789 boearne laws, of which number 190 orig inated in the House, and 001 ia the Sen ate. The President also sent veto mes sages in the case of 99 House and 47 Senate bills, or 14 more vetoes than were made during the previous Congress. Of House bills which became laws, 832 were private bills and 358 rnoasures of a pub lic character. All of the 99 House bills vetoed, except eight, were either private pension or relief bills. The eight public bills vetoed are as follows: To quiet the titles of settlers on Dcs Moines river lands, Iowa; for sale of Indian lands in Kansas; for the disposal of Fort Wallis military reservation in Kansas; author izing the improvement of Castle Idand, in Boston harbor; for the certiticationof lands to the State of Kansas for the benefit of agriculture and the. mechanical arts; for the erection of public buildings in Columbus, Ga., Allentown, Pa., Coun cil Bluff's, la., and Bar Harbor, Me. Some of the more important House bills which became laws are as follows: For a conference of the South and Cen tral American republics in Washington, in May next; to divide the great Sioux reservation in Dakota; the Chinese Ex clusion act; for the protection of United States officials in Indian Territory; to authorize the condemnation of land for city public buildings; for creating the Department of Agriculture, the head of the department to be a Cabinet officer; to establish the Department of Labor, to create boards of arbitration or com • mittees for settling controversies of dif ferences between inter-state common carriers and their employees. Bills originating in the Seafe became laws to the number of 001, of which 409 were of a private character. Forty-seven Senate bills were vetoed, the most im portant being those for the erection of public buildings at Youngstown, 0., aud Sioux City, la.. and the direct Tax bill. By far the most important Senate bill enacted into law has been the Omnibus Admission bill, by which North and South Dakota, Washington and Montana Territories may acquire Statehood. Among other Senate bills placed on the statute books are: To provide for the warehousing of fruit brandy ; to increase pensions for the loss of both hands and also for deafness; to incorporate the Nicaruaga Canal Company; to provide aid to State homes for the support of dis abled soldiers; to prohibit the coming of Chinese laborers into the United States; to allow any honorably discharged soldier or sailor who has abandoned or relinquished a homestead entry to make another; to change the time of meeting of the Electoral College; ratifying tho Creek Indians agreemont; to enable the President to protect the interests of the United States at Panama; to protect the Alaska fur seals and fisheries; directing the Secretary of the Interior to investi gate the practicability of constructing water storage reservoirs in the arid regions, and the erection of new public buildings, or the enlargement or change of existing buildings, at several cities. Congress also passe 1 bills to pension Mrs. Logan, Mrs. Frank A. Blair, and to retire General Rosecrans. There have been included in thia statement of bills which have become lawp, those in the President's hands awaiting signature. Quite a number of these are autiject to "pocket veto," and the Presidents action in regard to them may, of course, modify thia statement to some extent. There are also pending a number of measures which may yet be passed, but the work of Congress is practically complete. Three hundred and thirty-three bills which passed the House failed in the Senate in conference. Tbe most notable of these is the Millß Tariff bill and the Oklahoma bill. Other important House measures which failed are as follows: The General Land bill and General Forfeiture bill; to pre vent the product of convict labor being used by any government department or upon public buildings or public works: to amend the internal revenue laws by relaxing the rigor of those laws; author izing the five civilized tribes to lease their lands, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior; authorizing the issue of fractional silver certificates; to prevent tho employment of alien labor upon public buildfngs or other public works, and fn the various departments of the government; to forfeit the North ern Pacific land grant; to provide for the revocation and withdrawal of lands made for the benefit of certain railroads: the Fisheries Relation bill recommended by the President. Six hundred and eighty-four bills, after parsing tho Senate, failed through one cause or another to reach tho President. The most important are as follows: De claring the sense of the United States with respect to foreign control of the Panama Canal; tho lilair Educational bill; the Dependent Pension bill; pro viding for the inspection of moats and prohibiting the importation of adulter ated articles; tho Swamp Land bills ;to increase tho pension for total disability; for compulsory education of Indian child ren ; to authorize the sale of certain mineral lands to aliens; to make tele graph companies subject to regulation by the Inter-State Commerce Commission; to forfeit wagon road land grant in Ore gon ; to retire General John C. Fremont; to ratify the Southern Ute Indians' agreement. Following aro among the other im portant measures which also came to naught: The Pacific Railway Funding bill; ijr the admission of Utah, Idaho, New Mexico and Wyoming Territories; to declare trust* unlawful; to promote commercial union with Canada, and authorize the President to open nego tiations with a view to tiie. annexaiion of the Dominion; to grant woman s6f frage; to repeal tho civil service law, the internal revenue law and the tobacco tax; to graduate the income tax; for a bounty on sugar; for tho free coinage of silver; to repeal the oleomargarine act; and various measures proposing radical departures in our pension, tariff and financial systems 1 . Two important treaties wide t were rejected were the Canadian Fisheries and the British ex tradition conventions. MVAI, it* v m:. Encounter Between the Olrja aud un American ship of War. Kiel, March 3. —A rumor is current in naval circles that a couflict has taken place iv Samoan waters between an American man-of-war and the Gorman corvette Olga. It is alleged that the Ameiican vessel fired tho first shot. Washington, March 3. —Secretary Bayard said to-night that he had not heard anything of the reported conflict between German and American war ves sels in Samoan waters. He regarded such a conflict as highly improbable, as there was an understanding that all belligerent action in Samoa should be suspended, pending the conference to be held at Berlin. He also pointed out that it was hardly possible that information of such a state of affairs would be known at Keil before the news reached Berlin or Wash ington. Berlin, March 3.—ln official circles nothing has bean heard of the rumored engagement between the German and American warships in Samoa. A Cownrdlr Assault El Paso, March 3.—At Ysleta, a Texas town twelve miles south of here, thia morning, Assistant Postmaster J. L, Krouse was assaulted by \V. H. Harrfs, a nephew of Senator Harris, of Tennes see. Harris had been sending for his mail habitually after otliee hours, and in a polite attempt to cor rect such irregularities Krouse incurred his anger. This morning, while Krouse was opening the mail box Harris came up behind him and dealt him two severe blows on the head with a pistol. The third blow, Krouse, though stunned, warded off. The pistol fall in the Btreet. Then followed a rough-and tumble light between the two, in which Harris was worsted. The people of Ysleta are very indignant at Harris, while Krouse, whose wounds are very serious, has the sympathy of all. Crooked Election Work. St. Lotus. March 3.—The first fruits of the investigations of the Democratic State Committee into the big Republi can majority in St. Louis at the Novem ber election is given several coluoans of space in two morning papers. The com plete canvass of the city lias been uader the direction of Assistant United States District Attorney Kuapp, aud in the re ports received by that official it is claimed that dead men, non-reddents and negroes not designated as colored on the registration lists were voted. The assertion is made that prominent citizaus are involved and a great sensation is promised. As a result of these investi gations, four persons, all colored, have oeen arrested by the United States au thorities. It is said that other arrests will follow. A Series of Temblors. St. Elena, Eeaudor (via Galveston), March 3.—A Bharp shock of earthquake was felt here last night. It lasted about fifteen seconds, and was followed a few minutes later by four other shocks. Shocks were felt at intervals during the night and to day. Guayaquil, Eeaudor (via Galveston), March 3. —A violent shock of earthquake was experienced here last night. Dur ing the night and this morning there were thirteen other shocks of less severity. The telephone wires are down, and a panic prevails among the people. Another Irish Al. P. Jailed. Dublin, March 3.—Dr. Tanner, mem ber of Parliament for Cork, who was ar rested in London Friday last, arrived at Clonmel this morning. Tanner refused to enter the prison wagon, whereupon three constables forced him in and Held him on the seat. A crowd followed the groaning and throwing stones at the police, both before and after the prison was reached. Six persons were arrested. A Brutal Prize Usui. Ashi.ano. Wis., March 3.—Gov. Van heest, champion feather-weight of the Northwest, and Billy Walsh, fought 110 rounds, London prize ring rules, before a select crowd here to-day. The fight was given to Vanheest. Welsh was fairly covered with blood and his right hand was broken. Backing TJp Boulang-cr. Paris, March 3 —Five thousand letters were seized in the office of the Patriotic League. A cursory examination shows a large number of them are from subal terns and field officers in the army, and indicate the adherence of the writers to Boulangerism. A Truce wttti jMetaafa. London, March 3.—Advices have been received from Samoa to the effect that a truce has been declared between the German Consul and Metaafa until after the Berlin conference. Metaafa agrees to prevent the destruction of German interests. IHormon Mccrults. Atlanta, Ga., March 3. —A party of fifceen Mormons passed through the city early this morning on their way to Utah. They came from south Georgia, and were in charge of two missionaries. Peruvian Politics. Lima, March 3.—The Cabinet has re signed, but tho reason is not published. No action will be taken by the executive until Wednesday. Small Arm* Stores Burned- London, March 3.—The Government's small arms scores at Weedon were bui ned to-day, causing a loss of 1500,000.