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Los Angeles daily herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1884-1890, March 28, 1889, Image 4

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DAILY HERALD I
—PUBLISHED —
Sir. VKN DAYS A. W EEK.
lOUrH D. LYNCH. JAMBS J. AYE 118.
AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS.
CITX" Ot'riClAE. PAPEKi
i Entered st the psstofflce st Los Angeles ss
second-class matter. I
DELIVERED BY CARRIERS
At «Oc. per Week, or 80c. per Itlontn.
TEEMS BT MAIL, INCLCDIN9 POSTAGE!
Daily Hseald, one yesr.. $8.00
Daily Heeald, six mouths. 4.25
Daily Hebald, throe months 2 25
Weexly Hebald, one year. 2.00
Weexly Herald, six months 100
Weekly Herald, three months oo
Illustrated Hebald, per copy 15
Local Cobbespondknce from adjacent towns
specially solicited.
Remittances shonld be made by draft, check,
postofflce order or postal cote. The latter should
be sent for all sums less than $5.
Office op Publication, 123-5 West Second
street, between Spring and Fort. Los Angeles.
Notice to Jlall subscribers.
The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers
to the Los Angelos Daily Hebald will be
promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers
will be sent to subscribers by mail nnle-s the
same have been paid for in advance. This rule
is inflexible. Ayebs & Lynch.
JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT—Owing to
onr greatly increased fscilitiec we are prepared
to exec-ate all kinds of job work in a superior
manuer. Bpeeial attention will be given to
commercial and legal printing, and all orders
will be promptly filled at moderate rates.
TIII'KHIIAY. JIAUCH 28, 1889.
The dispatches seem to lean to the
idea that Mr. H. Z. Osborne will be the
Public Printer. Outside of the office of
our esteemed contemporary at the corner
of First and Fort streets this appoint
ment would give great satisfaction in
■Southern California.
The statistician of the Herald, with
the honest purpose of getting at correct
results, has figured it out that if the new
connty of Orange starts at all she will
start with a tax rate of three per cent,
on the high valuation of last year. This
would handicap the new community
quite heavily, and if accepted as the cor
rect proposition will possibly deter a
great many people from voting aye.
Last week's Puck has a very clever
cartoon in which Blame is put in one end
of a scale poised over the National
Capitol and Harrison and the rest of his
cabinet in the other, and the chances of
the teetering seem to be in favor of
Blame's up-ending them all. Our
esteemed contemporary the Times, how
ever, in its issue of yesterday, still hugs
to its breast the delusion that Harrison
runs himself. But then our contempo
rary thought that Blame would not be
Secretary of State of the United States,
nor McKinley Superior Judge of Los
Angeles county, which facts discredit its
judgment.
Assemblyman Damkon assures us that
the bill to quarantine Arizona and New
Mexico caul c was killed in tbe Assem
bly. How it is that it has popped up as
a measure passed into a law and signed
by the Governor, is one of the mysteries
of this very extraordinary administra
tion. The object of the bill was mani
festly to create a corner in beef and to
raise the price of meat for the benefit of
the cattlemen in the northern part
oi the State. We hope that Mr.
Damron will probe this matter to the
core, and let the people know whether
money has been all-powerful not only to
pass bills through the Legislature, but
also to thimble-rig into actual laws
measures that failed to go through. If
the Cattle bill failed to pass the Assem
bly, how did it get into the Executive
Department and there receive the sanc
tion of the Governor's signature ? Verily,
the rottenness in Denmark is rank and
smells to heaven.
The appointment of Robert T.
Lincoln as Minister to England is one
that will not be regarded as reflecting
much credit upon the judgment of Presi
dent Harrison. The inheritance of a
great name does not imply the inherit
ance of great abilities. Mr. Lincoln has
had every opportunity that public vener
ation for his father could create to push
him forward; but he has notably failed
to develop the aptitude for pub
lic business that was expected
of bim. As Secretary of War under Ar
thur he was a more cipher. He is now
appointed to a position of tremendous
responsibility, and will be brought into
diplomatic trial with some of the ablest
and most experienced of England's
trained statesmen. That he will appear
to disadvantage in the eharp interna
tional controversies that are bound to
arise in the next four years with that
country, is inevitable. The place that
should be filled by the ablest man that
could be found, has been given to one
who has neither training, experience
aor the knowledge necessary to carry
ont the duties of the position to the
credit and advantage of our country.
The energetic work now going on to
complete our cable street-car system
promises to give nearly all parts of the
city the benefit of this superior mode of
'street travel in a very short time. Since
the change of control of our principal
lines of street railroads and the appoint
ment of Mr. J. C. Robinson as Superin
tendent, there has been infused into
the operation of the roads an
energy which has greatly increased
the accommodation to the public.
The cars are run regularly and on time,
and persons living at remote points can
attend the theaters and concerts with a
certainty that they can reach their homes
without incurring the expense of hack
hire. The Main street line and its con
nections has always been run for the ac
commodation of the public, and
m has the Temple street cable
system. Bnt until the new en
ergy projected into the street rail
ways by the Cable Car Company,most of
the street railroads of our city were sort
of go-as-you-please affairs. When the
cable system is completed, we shall
have a street railroad service that will
compare favorably with that of any j
city in the United States.
THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1889.
A Ureal Orator Gone.
1 Elsewhere in the Herald we give bio
graphical details of the life of John Bright,
who died yesterday in England, and we
therefore dismiss all the hackneyed
minutia' of th c career of that illustrious
Englishman. He died at an age which
admits of all except specially endowed
men, both intellectually and mentally,
changing their opinions and their atti
tudes disastrously to their sagacity and
consistency, but without diminution of
the respect in which they are held by
mankind. Foibles of character John
Bright possessed, but they have not ob
scured virtues and attributes that were
of an exceptional prominence, that made
him illustrious and will give him place in
the annals of mankind as long as the de
mands of index-learning shall not re
quire him to be supplanted by somebody
else. At the rate at which this index
learning is being burdened, even Bright
will be reduced to a luminary of the
lucua a non lucendo sort in fifty years
from now.
Bright's public career was a peculiar
one. Born of Quaker parents, he always
retained that horror of war, contention
and bloodshed inherent in that denom
ination. He early figured in that sa
gacious school of British statesmen,
most distinct ively represented by Richard
Cobden, who realized that England,
having for years protected her manufac
tures almoßt to the point of annihilating
those of other countries, and being mis
tress of the exchanges of the world,
could safely enter upon a career of Free
Trade. As a cotton spinner of Manches
ter, he, perhaps insensibly to himself,
made his principles correspond to his in
terest. That it was probably an insen
sible operation, due to the easy gravita
tion which tempts one to side with peo
ple who surround one, his uniform gen
erosity and liberality on all questions
but one, makes it very probable. Of that
one later on.
John Bright, the Quaker-born, was
always a demonstrative advocate of peace.
This phase of his temperament, and per
haps inherited character, was made
specially prominent during the Crimean
war. He denounced that war with an
invective clothed in the most persuasive
and the purest "English. He opposed it
from the inherited Quaker's love of
peace, and not from the subtly developed
ideas which underlie Kinglake's history
of that memorable conflict. He showed
the same sturdy love of peace on earth,
good will towards man, when, as a mem
ber of Mr. Gladstone's cabinet, he re
signed office when that immortal prem
ier ordered the bombardment of Alexan-
dria. He may have been abstractly
right on both occasions, but on both the
traditional and victorious policy of Eng
land would have suffered a grievous
shock, if not a downright eclipse, if bis
ideas had prevailed. For good or ill
England has staked her prestige
and the ascendancy of her power
on maintaining her hold both on Asia
and Asia Minor; and, on both occasions
—when Palmerston leagued England
with France, Sardinia and Turkey to
resist the advance of the Russian stand
ards towards the Bosphorus, and when
Gladstone played his cards for a con
tinued control of Egypt, John Bright
showed the sentimental side of his
character. To the practical politician
his energetically advanced ideas were
mere vagaries which, if they had been
accepted by the British Government,
would have ended that drum beat of the
English legions which is heard from the
rising to the setting of the sun—equally
resonant on the banks of the Thames,
the St. Lawrence and the Coromandel.
Strange to Bay, when a whelesome sen
timentality should have shown itself in
Bright's career, it was unaccountably
absent. Estranged from Gladstone on
the issue of bombarding Alexandria, he
antagonized that illustrious statesman's
attitude on the issue of justice to Ireland.
The natural sweetness of Gladstone's dis
position has been exemplified a number
of times since their estrangement by his
having made repeated efforts to bring
about a personal reconciliation with his
old-time friend and colleague—efforts
which in every instance were repulsed.
With the exception of Gladstone,
Bright was the greatest of the later
English orators. He had an attractive
person, a warm and animated delivery
and a style which appealed with irresist
ible force to the masses. He was a great
contrast to his old chief in the style of
his oratory. He even ostentatiously
affected a plain diction which rejected
as much as possible tbe opulent
vocabulary with which the English
language has been enriched from
the Latin and the Greek. The
contrast was the more marked
because both of these great and typical
Englishmen had the same ardent tem
perament which made their delivery
like a torrent. In their choice of lan
guage Gladstone aud his great rival Dis
raeli were at one in their preference
for a flexible and unlimited vocabulary,
in which the euphonies of all languages
contributed what was needed to add
force or impart ornament. Macaulay, in
his History of England, says that the
highest attainments of the English
language were illustrated by the poetry
of Milton and the prose of Edmund
Burke. Both of these inimitable writers
stick, like Shakspsare, to the use of
Anglo-Saxon; but they interweave,
as he did in the fabrics of
their matchless productions all
the required ornaments, as occasion
should serve. William Pitt also
availed himself of tha same
gracious privilege. His celebrated
extemporaneous sentence, referring to a
well known abuse of governmental de
tail, that "it had grown with the growth
of England, and had strengthened with
her strength, but bad not diminished
with her diminution, nor decayed with
her decay," is perhaps the happiest ex
ample of the exquisite combination that
can be presented of the native and de
rivative wealth of the English language.
Bright, of preference, generally sought a
a monosyllable, and that monasyllable
was always drawn from the well of Eng
lish undented, when possible.
The Hill City.
The hill and western portion of the
city of Los Angeles has been lately de
veloping at a very gratifying rate. Some
time ago we alluded to tho sale at auction
to ex-Mayor Prudent Beaudry of a lot of
city property for $ 128, which that gentle
man disposed of in subdivisions for $137,
--000, the original sale taking place in ISHS
aud the later one not covering over
six years. The transformation since
is a magical one. The hills for miles
and miles out have become the sites of
many of the most elegant homes in this
city—not a few of them quite palatial.
Undoubtedly the Second and Temple
street cable railways have been the im
mediate cause of this rapid settlement.
It will repay one interested in tho rapid
growth of Los Angeles to take a drive,
beginning on the corner of Seventh
street and Grand avenue. At the point
of departure they will find the great
works in course of erection which will
supply the motive power for the noble
cable system in course of erection for
Los Angeles. Pearl street, from
Seventh to Second, has been
graded and the thoroughfare put in good
condition, a state of things which the
Herald hopes to be able soon to report
of its whole length. This a most eccen
tric street, becoming Figueroa after Pico
is reached. From Second to Seventh
the roadway is in good order, and they
are preparing to put in curbing, cement
sidewalks, and in many other ways to
respond to the present era of progress.
A vast number of new buildings have
gone up in this section sinco the
street improvements were started.
Second street, also, is settling up
rapidly in the hills, and especially in the
neighborhood of the Second-street Park.
This movement in the vicinity of
the Second-street cable car terminus is
very notable. Loomis and State streets,
and Orange and Belmont avenues, are
making fine headway. The Witmer and
McFarland residences, on Lucas street,
are worthy of attention, as foreshadow
ing the superior grade of im
provements which are destined to
ornament the western crest of the
hills back of the central portion of tho
city. The view from this point, looking
both towards the ocean and the moun
tains, can scarcely be surpassed. To
wards the north and oast Angelefio
heights and the original Beaudry hill
portion of the city loom up grandly. The
whole country towards the Cab uenga is
settling up at a marvelous rate.
Buena Vista street has become to the
hill portion of Los Angeles what Spring
street was to the city proper five years
ago. Interminable vistas of comfort
able homes and, in many cases, elejjant
villas, stretch out towards what was ex-
Senator Cole's country home five years
ago. San Francisco herself is not mak
ing more rapid progress iv tha settle
ment of her hills than has been recorded
in Los Angeles, of late. Iv every direc
tion horse, cable and motor rail ways lend
their aid to the development of thia
charming portion of our city.
A curious piece of information comes
over the wires anent a mistake in the
boundary line on the Lower California
peninsula. It is stated that, by a recent
discovery, the line ought to run sixty
miles south of its present location at Tia
Juana. This error arose out of inaccur
acy in the English maps used
in drawing up the Hidalgo
Treaty. These maps placed the
mouth of the Colorado sixty miles north
of its actual location, and those sixty
miles of error, if rectified, would remove
the boundary line so as to place Ense
nada and the most valuable portion of
the International Company's concession
within the United States.
There is a rumor afloat, which the
Herald believes to have a strong basis
of fact behind it, to the effect
that the Pacific Coast Steamship
Company are figuring to buy out some
railway hereabouts that will give them
direct access to the ocean. This may
mean that the Los Angelea & Pacific
Railway, with an ocean terminus at
Santa Monica, is being negotiated for, or
that the railway which is being built
from Redondo Beach to this city is the
objective point. There are other projects,
also, which are possible subjects for ne
gotiations. Further details may be
looked for shortly.
CONSIDERABLY HURT.
A Street Car Rum Over a man on
Waiblnirton .Street.
Jim Sullivan had, it is said, been tam
pering too much with "the wine when it
was red" yesterday afternoon, and when
he attempted to board one of the blue cars
on Washington street, near Vermont,
his gait, it is said, was not any too
steady. It was half-past 7 o'clock, and
as that part of the town is not very well
illuminated after nightfall, the
driver did not see him ap
proaching, and consequently did not
slacken speed. Jim jumped at the front
platform, but he misjudged the distance
and fell. The result was that the car
passed over him, fracturing one of his
legs and injuring the other, in addition
to which the unfortunate Jatnes received
a severe scalp wound. He was removed
to his residence as speedily as possible
and medical aid summoned to attend to
his injuries, which will incapacitate him
from following his vocation as a black
smith for some time to come.
Lite lowant.
The lowans had an excellent attend
ance at the Turn Verein Hall last night,
and the entertainment provided passed
off to the full satisfaction of their guests.
The first half of the programme was
rendered very acceptably by the singing
of Mrs. Beeson, the playing of Professor
Arevalo and the evolutions of
Miss X, Richards and her pupils
in a display of Grecian Calisthenics.
The affair of the evening, though, was
the production of Plancbe's one-act
vaudeville, The Loan o' a Lover. It
went off in an admirable style, the acting
and stagery being done in the true pro
fessional strain. The caste was made up
as follows: "Captain Amersforth," Mr.
C. A. Vogelstang; "Peter Spyk," Mr.
Niles; "Swyzel," Mr. Cal. Foy;
"Delve," Mr. Wood; "Gertrude," Miss
Mamie Short; "Ernestine," Miss R.
Harbin.
FROM WASHINGTON.
New Nominations Made by
the President.
ROBERT LINCOLN FOR ENGLAND.
The Test Case Which Will Settle the
Constitutionality of the
Scott Act.
I Associated Press Dispatches to tho Hkrald.l
Washington, March 27.—The usual
crowd congregated at the White House
to-day, and kept the President busy the
entire morning. Among those admitted
were Governor Beaver, of Pennsylvania,
Senators Farm ell andCullom and friends,
ex-Speaker Carlisle, Senator Allison,
Representatives Turner, Wallace War
mer, Le Follette, Senator Dawes, Sen
ator McMillan, with Minister Palmer
and General John C. New.
HARRISON'S FIRST STIPEND.
President Harrison received his first
month's salary to-day. It amounted to
if3,BBS 88, and was delivered to him in
the form of a Treasury draft. It was for
the month of March, minus the first
three days. Cleveland received the
President's salary for that portion of the
month.
NEW NOMINATIONS.
The President has nominated John
Hicks, of Wisconsin, Minister to Peru;
George B. Loring, of Massachusetts,
Minister to Portugal; llobert T. Lincoln,
of lilinois, Minister to Great Britain;
Murat Halsteod, of Ohio, Minister to
Germany; Allen Thorndjke Rice, of
New York, Minister to Russia; Patrick
Fgan, of £<ebraska, Minister to Chili;
Thomas Ryan, of Kansas, Minister to
Mexico.
NOMINATIONS CONFIRMED.
Among those confirmed by the Senate
this afternoon were the following: Fran
cis F. Warren, Governor of Wyoming
Territory; Benjamin F. White, Gov
ernor of Montana; Robert V. Belt,
Assistant Commissioner of Indian Af
fairs, and a numbor of Postmasters.
SKETCHES OF NOMINEES.
Robert Todd Lincoln, who was to-day
nominated to be Minister to England, is
•)■"> years of age and is a son of Abraham
Lincoln. Ho graduated from Harvard
College, served through Grant's Virginia
campain as Captain, practiced law in
Chicago and became Secretary of War
under President Garfield, remaining in
that post under President Arthur. Since
his retirement in 1885 he has been prac
ticing law in Chicago.
Alien Thorndyke Rice, nominated to
be Minister to Russia, was born in Mas
saehueetts. He is a graduate of Oxford
University, England, and since 187<> has
been editor and proprietor of tbo "North
American Review." He also holds a
controlling interest in the prominent
Parisian newspaper, Le Matin, and has
contributed largely to literature, while
taking an active 4>art in politics.
George Bailey Loring, of Massachu
setts, is beet known because of his con
nection with tho Department of Agricul
ture, of which he was commissioner from
1881 to ISBS. He is 72 years of age and
is a Harvard graduate Loring has been
long in public life, beginning as a surgeon
in the Maine hospital at Chelsea in 18-43,
and at other times being postmaster, cen
tennial commissioner and Congressman.
Thomas Ryan, of Kansas, who has
been named as Minister to Mexico, is a
native of New York, where he was born
in 1537. He served during the war as a
volunteer, was severely wounded and
emerged as a captain in 1861. Since that
time he has held various legal positions
in Kansas, and been a Representative in
six successive Congresses.
James O. Churchill, the new Surveyor
at Bt. Louis, entered the war as a private
in the Eleventh Illinois Infantry, and
rose to the rank of Colonel. He was
severely wounded in an engagement and
still carries several bullets in his body.
For many years past he has been
United States Commissioner and Clerk
of the United States District Court at St.
Louis.
1 Patrick Egan, nominee for Minister to
Chili, has for many years been well
i known as a leader of the Irish people.
He was born in Ballymahan, county
Lcngford, Ireland, in 1841. When quite
young he went into the grain business.
His business relations brought him into
contact with the great mass of
: the people, and he very esrly
displayed a deep interest in
the Irish cause, becoming an
active member of the advanced na
tional party, He took a part in the
revolutionary movement which cul
minated in the attempted insurrection of
1867. He was one of the organizers and
a member of the Council of the Home
Eule League formed in 1871. When
Davitt, in 1878, started his Land
League movement, Egan, together
with Joseph Biggar and Wil
liam H. O'Sullivan, members of
Parliament, became trustees of the
League, and the work of the League, in
propagating its principles and aiding
evicted tenants in 1880, led to the prose
cution of Parnell, Dillon, Sexton, Egan
and others. The prosecution failing to
secure a conviction, the English Govern
ment suspended the operation of the
habeas corpus act, and also devised a
scheme to seize the funds of the League.
At the urgent request of the leaders
of the movement, Egan went ta France
in order to protect the money entrusted
to his care and also to act as intermedi
ary between the branches of the League
in America and Australia and the Na
tional Leaguers in Ireland and England.
In 1882 he returned to his native
country, but fearful of op
pression and unfair treatment
on the part of the government
of Great Britain, he, in 1883, came to
America and went to live in Nebraska,
where he has since resided. He has
been engaged in the grain trade while in
this country and has also taken an active
part in politics as a member of the Re
publican party. Mr. Egan is still an
active worker in the Irish cause and has
the confidence of its leaders in the old
country.
John Hicks, who will go to Peru, as
Minister of the United States, is a native
American, 42 years of age. He comes
from Oshkosh, the home of Senator Saw
yer, and is proprietor and editor of the
Oshkosh Northwestern. He has several
times been elected President of the Wis
consin State Press Association, but lias
never before held public office.
Murat Halstead, nominated for
United States Minister to Germany, was
born in 1829, at Ross, Butler county,
Ohio, and spent his minority on a farm.
At the age of 13 he began writing for
newspapers, at first contributing the
lighter class of romances. In 1851 he
finished his schooling at Farmers' Col
lege near Cincinnati and then did local
i newspaper reporting on several Cincinnati
papers. In 1853 he became manager of
a department on the Cincinnati Commer
cial, and the following year he acquired
a small interest in the paper.
When the Commercial combined
with the Gazette, tbe Cincinnati
Commercial Gazette immediately became
tho recognized organ of the Ohio Repub
licans. Mr. Halstead has a fine pres
ence, a genial manner and immense en
ergy. He has always been a Republican
of a very pronounced typo.
KEPUBMC AN SBNATOUS IN CAUCUS.
The Republican Senators held a well
attended caucus to-day, prior to the
meeting of the Senate. The subject
under consideration was with reference
to putting all the clerks on tbe annual
lists, payment to be made cut. of the con
tingent fund. There was a general sen
timent in favor of doing this, but the
question of its legality beinn raised, no
conclusion was reached. It is inferred
from wbat w.\n said that a legal doubt
would be sufficient to defeat the Bcheme,
although that is not absolutely certain.
Another question was, "Shall Senator
Coko's speech on the Southern election
outrages be answered?" The conclu
sion, while not formal y expressed, was
that there should be no further discus
sion of the subject at this session.
After adjournment of the Senate the
caucus resumed its sitting and decided
that the employment of clerks which
would result in an overdraft upon the
contingent fund was illegal, and there
fore the scheme to make all the com
mittee clerks annual clerks will fail.
A resolution was adopted, however, to
give Senator Vance of North Carolina a
personal clerk. He has lost one eye and
the sight of the other is failing, and his
Republican colleagues deemed it only
just that he should ho spared the neces
sity of using his remaining eye to con
duct bis official correspondence. It was
also finally decided not to continue the
debate on the Southern election out
rages. The general opinion, so far as
expressed, was that the SeDate might
reasonably expect to be able to adjourn
on Wednesday or Thursday of next
week.
TANNER TAKES OFFICE.
Corporal James Tanner to-day took ( he
prescribed oath of office, and entered
upon his duties as Commissioner of Pen
sions. His only appointment to-day was
that of George B. Squires, of Brooklyn,
as his conlidential secretary.
THE CHINESE TEST CASE.
There being no quorum present when
the Supreme Court met to-day, an ad
jjurnment was taken unlil to-morrow.
Should a quorum be in attendance then,
ths Court will immediately proceed to
the hearing of arguments in the case of
Cliae Chan Ping, appellant, vs. the
United States.
This involves the constitutionality of
the Scott Exclusion Act, approved by the
President October 1, 18S8. The facts in
the care as set forth in tho statement of
counsel for the appellant upon motion
to advance the case for argument are as
follows: Appellant is a Chinese laborer,
and a subject of China, and departed
from the United States for Cuba on June
2, 1887. Before doing so, he applied to
and obtained from the Collector of the
Port of San Francisco the return certifi
cate required by Section 4 of the Chinese
Restriction Act of May 6, 1882, as
amended July .">, 1884. He returned to
the United States on October 7, 1888,
and presented the certificate to the Col
lector and claimed the right to land
thereunder, but permission was refused
by the Collector on the sole ground that,
under the provisions of the act commonly
known as the Scott Exclusion Act of
October 1, 1888, the certificate presented
by appellant had been declared void and
of no effect. Ho sued out a writ of
habeas corpus in the United States Cir
cuit Court, and after a hearing the Court
ordered the appellant remanded to the
custody from which he had been taken.
This custody was the captain of the Bhip
which had brought him back to the
United States. From that judgment of
remand he has appealed to tnis Court.
Counsel far appellant contend that the
question involved in the case is whether
that portion of the act of October 1, 1888,
declaring the laborer's certificate void
and of no effect is valid and constitu
tional. As will be perceived, they say
that this proposition involves questions
of both national and international im
portance. Counsel further contend that
laborers who departed from the United
States with these return certificates were
guaranteed by the treaty between the
United States and China of November
17, 1880, and the act of May
6, 1832, the right to go and
come; and, without warning or
notice, this treaty is virtually abroga'ed
and vested rights acquired thereunder
are entirely swept away. The faith and
honor of tha government, they say, is
also involved in the c.ise now before the
court. These certificates contain, upon
their face, a promise on
the part of the government
that the holders thereof shall,
upon presentation of certificates be on
titled to return and re-enter the United
States. If the act is unconstitutional,
counsel says that a speedy determination
of this case should be had, so that these
laborers may return audavail themselves
of the rights and privileges guaranteed to
them by treaty and the act of 1882, and
if the act is valid, it is just as necessary
it should be determined immediately, so
that those who have acquired property
interests here, may make some means of
protecting those interests. Ex-Governor
Hoadley of Ohio, and Amai C. Carter of
New York, will present tho case for the
appellant before the Court, and Solicitor-
General Jenks will appear for the Gov
ernment. J. F. Bwift, recently confirmed
as Minister to Japan, Attorney-General
Johnson of Caliornia, and S. M. White
of California, will also be present to
look after the interests of the State oj
California in the case.
TRACT CONSIDERING PENALTIES.
Secretary Tracy has ordered the ninth
payment to be made on account of the
Petrel, the small gunboat now being con
structed at Baltimore. The total amount
of the payment would have been $24,
--700, made up of $18,000 on account of
the hull and $6,700 on account of the
machinery, but a reservation of 10 per
cent, is held back until the vessel is ac
cepted, und in addition penalties have
been deducted for delay in the construc
tion beyond the contract time, which,
taken together, reduced the amount of
the ninth payment to $10,230. The con
tractors have applied for an extension of
the contract time which, if allowed, will
in effect wipe out or reduce the penal
ties. Action upon the application is
likely to be taken in a day or two. The
contractors have pleaded in extenuation
of tho delay, their loss of time on account
of the steel deliveries which was caused
by the action of the Government in
spectors. Secretary Tracy is considering
the entire subject of the penalties which
have accrued not only in tho case of the
Petrel * but upon nearly all of
the vessels constructed or begun under
the last administration. He has been
furnished with a statement showing the
exact condition of eacn vessel, and the
probable time required to complete those
unfinished. He has the action of Secre
tary Whitney in granting extensions of
time to contractors as a precedent, and
should he disagree with his predecessor
as to his power or the advisability of the
adoption of a similar course, the con
tractors will doubtless appeal to the next
Congress for relitf.
NAVAI, AND MILITARY NOTKB.
Admiral P.ouett's Board of Inspection
on the monitors has returned to this city
from Richmond. They are preparing
their report, which will recommend that
the monitors be put in condition fit for
active service.
Major-General Schofield has appointed
First Lieutenant Chas. B. Schofield, of
the Second Cavalry, as an aide-de-camp
on his staff. Lieutenant Schofield is
General Schofield's brother, and has been
in Washington for a short time past on
special duty.
DON'T MIND rARTI/.ANSJUI'.
Attorney-General Miller Baid to-day,
in answer to an inquiry on the subject,
that he had not outlined any general
plan or policy in regard to the marshals
and district attorneys appointed by the
last administration. So far as he was
concerned each case would be considered
on its own merits. He did not look on
partizanshlp as a very serious thing in
itself provided the official v« as efficient
and gentlemanly.
SENATK PROCEEDINGS.
The resolution heretofore offered in the
Senate, by Mitchell, authorizing the
Committee on Mines and Mining to con
tinue tho inquiry into the causes of the
delay in considering cases in the mineral
division of the General Land Office was
taken up aud referred to the Committee
on Mines and Mining.
Resolutions heretofore offend by But
ler declaring that the tenure of the
President pro tempore does not expire at
the meeting of Congress after recess, but
is held at the pleasure of tho Senate, wee
taken up and George made a constitu
tional argument in opposition to them.
The resolution was referred. The Senate
went into secret sescion and at:l!0 ad
journed.
NEWS FROM PANAMA.
Secretary Blame has received a report
from the Consul of the United States at
Colon slating that work along the Pana
ma Canal has entirely ceased and that
the West India negroes are returning to
their homes. Up to March 10 fully
5,000 of the latter had already left. The-
Consul reports great depression in the
business at Panama. The railroad com
pany is Buffering from thn crisis owing to
the loss of local traffic. Two unsuccess
ful .'attempts have been made to burn
Colon.
APPOINTED BY WINDOM.
Windom has appointed M. E. Bell
Superintendent of Public Buildings at
Chicago. Bell was formerly Supervising
Architect of the Treasury.
LOCAL OFFICE SEEKERS.
General Vandever has a candidate for
the District Attorneyship in tho person or
11. V. Morehouse, of Salinas. Captain
E, W. Blasdel. of Oakland, seems agreed
upon for the office of Surveyor-General,
General Vandever's candidate for District
Attorney far the Southern District is
Major J. A. Punnell, of Los Angeles.
Senator Sttm'crd has a candidate for
the position who is eaid to be
Cornelius Cole, Jr., of Los A r, ? elee
MISCELLANEOUS NOTES.
The nominations of Louis Wolfley, to
be Governor of Arizona, and of John C.
New, to be Consul-General to London,
were reported favorably from the com
mittees, but under individual objection
they went over until the next executive
session, when they will be confirmed.
Messrs. Bachelor and Tichenor, Assist
ant Secretaries of the Treasury, will
assume their new duties on Monday
next.
OKLAHOMA LANDS
Thrown Open to Settlement by the
President.
Washington, March 27.—Tho Presi
dent's proclamation opening Oklahoma
lauds to settlement on the 22d of April
next was issued to-day.
After setting forth the terms of the
treaties of ce3sion of these lands by the
Indians to the Government, and acts of
Congress relative to opening them to
homestead entry,it describes these lands
minutely by metes and bounds, reserves
two acres for government use, then
formally declares that under these con
ditions these lands will be opened to
homestead entry at noon of April 22d
next. All persons are warned that
under the terms ef the act of Congress
any person who shall occupy any of said
land before the time mentioned "shall be
forever debarred from making entry
therein, and officers of the United States
are required to strictly enforce this act.
Following is the description of the
boundaries of the territory included in
tho proclamation: Beginning at a point
where degree of longitude 98, west from
Greenwich,as surveyed in the years 1858
and 1871, intersects the.Canadian river,
thence north along, and with said degree,
to the point where the same intersects
the Cimarron river, thence up Baid river,
along the right bank thereof,
to a point where the same is
intersected by the south line of
what is known as the Cherokee lands
lying west of the Arkansas river or as
'•Cherokee outlet," said line being the
Dorth line of the lands ceded by the
Muscogee (or Creek) nation of Indians to
the United States by the treaty of June
14, 18U6; thence east along said line to a
point where the same interacts the west
Hue of the lands set apart as a reserva
tion for the Pawnee Indians by an Act
of Congress approved April 10, 1876, be
ing the range line between ranges 4 and
6, east of the Indian meridian; thence
sonth on said line to the point where
the same intersects the middle of the
main channel of the Cimarron river;
thence up said river along the middle of
the higher channel thereof to the point
where the same intersects the range line
between range one east and range one
west (being Indian meridian), which
line forms the Western boundary of the
reservations Eet apart respectively for
the lowa and Kickapoo Indians by ex
ecutive orders, dated respectively August
15, 1883, thence aouth along said range
line or meridian to the point where the
same intersects the right bank of the
north fork of Canadian river, thence up
said river along the right bank thereof
to the point where the same is inter
sected by the west line of the reserva
tion occupied by the Citizens' Bank of
Pottowattomies and absentee Indians,
set apart under the provisions of the
treaty of February 27, 18G7, between
the United States and the Pottowat
tomies tribe of Indians and referred to
an act of Congress approved May 23,
1882; thence south along the said west
line of the aforesaid reservation to the
point where the Fame intersects the mid
dle of the main channel cf Canadian
river; thence up said river along the
middle of the main channel thereof, to a
point opposite to the place of beginning,
and thence north to the place of begin
ning.
The Commissioner of the General Land
Office has issued an order establishing two
land offices in Oklahoma Territory. The
land office for the western district to be
located at Kingfisheries Station, and for
the eastern district at Guthrie.

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