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DAILY IIKRALTL_ —roßLimotD— BBTEN DAYS A W F.EK. josnrn d. itwch. AYKRB & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. CIT* OMItTAE PAPEK. (Entered et the psstofflce et Lot Angole« »s seoond-class matter. I DELIVERED BY CARRIERS At «Oc. per Week, or SOc. per month. TCBHS BT MAIL, INCLCDINB rOSTAei: Daily Herald, one year.. *? 2? Daily Hsbald, six months Daily Herald, three months - ■£» Wssxly Hbrald, one year - jo WiaaLY Hsbald, six months 1 OO Wskkly Herald, three months «J LiLUSTRATis) Hkbald, per copy i» Local ConnßsroßDisc*. trom adjacent towns specially solicited. Kkbuttancks shonld be made by draft, chock, postolßce order or postal note. The latter shomd be sent for all tarns less than 95. Omci or Publication, 12S-5 West Second Street, between Spring and Fort. Los Angeles. Notice to mail Subscribers. The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers to tbe Los Angeles Daily Hkbald will oe promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers will be sent to subscribers by ms.il unlc-s the sjaaae have been paid lor in advance. This rule Is inflexible. * Ayxbs A Lynch. JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT— Owing ro •nr greatly increased facilities we are prepared to exconte all kinds of Job work In a superior manner. Special attention will be given to commercial and legal printing, and all orders wfU be promptly filled at moderate rates. FSIDII, DIiKCH 39, IBS 9. The contract for the building of the new hotel at Redondo Beach was given out yesterday, and work will at once proceed upon tbe edifice. The lumber and other material foots up upwards of $80,000; and, at tbe present low price of everything that enters into an edifice, that figure indicates the scale upon which the company are proceeding. The plane, as originally outlined, have been modified in some respects, but we have the assurance ef another charming addi tion to our watering place caravanseries. Work is going on in rapid shape on the railway which is to connect Redondo and Los Angeles. The great crops which will be grown in California this year are a double bene faction. The wheat crop of the United States will be short. Dakota, instead of contributing thirty or forty million bush els to tbe stcck, will be in the market as a purchaser for seed and food. All the conditions point to high prices. Los An geles county will produce an enormous crop of cereals this year, barn'Dg some unlooked for visitation of Providence. Some estimates place the acreage sown in grain as high as three hundred thou sand, and thirty bushels to tbe acre would not be an extravagant estimate. The way some of it is stooling out, sixty bushels will be recorded. On the most conservative basis we may look for five or six million bushels of the cereals, and that means that we shall have a tremen dous surplus for export. Fortunately for oar people they have learned the lesson that production is tbe truest source of wealth, and they have learned it thor oughly. It is to be hoped that there will be no Oklahoma rush of American settlers to get slices of the sixty miles of territory in Lower California which it is said was left by error on the Mexican side of the line. An examination of the Treaty of Guadalupe de Hidalgo fails to make any mistake in the boundary line apparent. The treaty says nothing about the line running from the mouth of the Colorado river. On the con trary, it says clearly that tbe line ehall take the middle of the Gila river to its junction with the Colorado, and ran thence a straight line to the Pa cific Ocean, which it shall reach atapoint one league below the southernmost point of the port of San Diego. In 1849 the Boundary Commission, under Colonel J. B. Weller, ran thelineand established the boundary where it now is, and where it will remain until Mexico and the United Stateß find it to their interest to change it. Rattlesnake Island is being made the subject of a good deal of active negotiations just now. It is not a violent inference to assume that the recently strongly developed tendency of the Union Pacific Railway to build to tidewater on the Pacific Ocean is at the bottom of this ac:ivity. The Utah Southern is to be at once pushed to Los Angeles, and Rattle snake Island is the obvious terminus of that system. This is independent of the statement made in yesterday's Hebald that the Pacific Coast Steamship Com pany have also agents in the field here looking to the acquisition of a railway which will afford them communication between the ocean and this city. Alto gether, the prospect is for lively times hereabouts, notwithstanding the immin ence of cummer. To enliven matters generally, real estate values are now so low in Los Angeles connty as to warrant investment with a view to an early up ward turn in prices. The Board of Education has informally, through a conference of its sub-commit tees, agreed to ask the Council to call an election on the question of issuing $150,000 worth of bonds for the purpose of increasing the school accommodations of this city. The condition of the schools in Los Angeles imperatively demands the contemplated improvements. There are now sixty-six classes in this city on half-time tuition, and the increase of school children during the past year has been two thousand five hundred. It is evident from these facts that the city is not, and has not been for the past year, performing its duty towards the school children. It is proposed to increase the facilities of the department by adding fifty-five class rooms to its present accommodations. This will ac commodate the increase of scholars and afford every class full time in the school. The Board is evincing commendable energy in its work, and it will have the public at its back in its determination to carry out the improvements outlined. THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 29, ]889. The New County and the Pocket Nerve. Much as we should dislike to see this magnificent county dismembered, and believiDg, as we do, that, for years to come, the people who compose its popu lation would do better together, prevent ing not only an impressive autonomy, but retrenching their taxes, we never theless realize the fact that if they want to leave us, our Southern brethren have the perfect legal right to do so under the act of the Legislature of this State. We don't think that the bill creating Orange county was just in principle, in that it committed the decision of the question to a mere fraction of the people of Los Angeles county, but it passed both houses of the Legislature and received the sanc tion of the Governor, and that ended the matter co far as this journal is concerned Attaching some importance to a con tinued connection with our neighbors, mainly from sentimental considerations, the Hlrai.d claims the right to join in the discussion as to the advisability of the people of the proposed county setting up for themselves in business. The Beard of Supervisors, at their session yesterday, gave official sanction to presentments ol the matter which have substantially heretofore appeared in these columns. They formulated tome figures as to the probable cost of running the contem plated new county which have an im pressive significance to the taxpayers resident within its bounds. The Board was of opinion that the cost of running the new county would foot up about $295,700, which would have to be raised by taxation within the first twelve months. The assessed value of the pro posed county of Orange footed up in tbe County Assessor's rolls $9,500,000. From this will have to be deducted the State Board of Equalization's reduction of fifteen per cent., diminishing the total to the $8,000,000, at which figure the Hkbald has placed the new county's shire of the assessment rolls. The Boaid estimates that the assessment roll, this year, has been fifteen to twenty-five per cent, less than last. But on the assumption that last year's assessment, as adjusted by the State Board of Equalization, should hold good for the current year, a rate of $4 on the $100 valua ation would be needed. The Supervisors in their estimates have placed the figures at what they regard as only sixty per cent, of the real sum needed to start the county, in order that they should not be successfully challenged. This would really involve a rate of $0 on the $100, and to this tbe residents of the incorpo rated towns must add their local taxes, which might bring the rate up to $7 on the $100 of valuation. In these estimates of the Board no pro vision is made for public buildings of the new county, interest on the funded debt, the probable issue of bonda, nor the principal and interest of school district bonds now outstanding. The fiscal year of Lcs Angeles county ends on the 30 h of June. The county will then owe $150,000, besides its funded debt of $681,000, of which Orange county would have to pay one-twelfth, or about $69,250, Of school bonds there are outstanding in the region set apart for the Dew county $102,058 for which provision must be made to pay principal and interest. Of this sum the city of Santa Ana aloDe owes $40,500. On the other hand, the property of Los Angeles county does not foot up over $500,000, including the funds on hand applicable to our public improvements. Orange county would therefore be in debt to this county nearly $30,000, in stead of starting with the large sum to the good which gentlemen interested in tbe new venture have been so fond of ex patiating upon. While these are substantially the same figures which the Hebald has all along presented, it must be borne in mind that a3 we present them now they are the official figures of the Board of Super visors. We confess that we fail to see in them anything that would make a taxpayer of the proposed new county vote aye in the premises. On the contrary, as it seems to us, ordinary common sense and busi- ness prudence call for the overwhelm ing defeat of the scheme at the polls. With a top-heavy machinery, an enormously high rate of taxation and a heavy debt, the outlook is not very en couraging to the men who will have to pay the piper. All the plana and preliminary work for our internal sewer system and the outfall to the eea ought to be submitted to the Council and passed upon finally in a few weeks. In the meantime the legal aspects of the question ought to be carefully investigated and settled. If the work can be carried out inside the city under the provisions of the new Charter there will be pmooth sailing. But if this is found unadvisable, and it has to be .prosecuted under the Vrooman act, difficulties will arise in the adjust ment of the assessments that will cause vexatious delays. The Council, how ever, should keep hammering at the matter until they have it in practicable shape, and then go ahead with the work. The sewer improvements alone will give employment to a large force of men, and the money spent will return into the channels of trade and create an era of activity that will do much to tide us over the reactionary period of depression. A better feeling is now manifested in business circles, and transactions in realty are gradually in creasing. By next fall our city and county will have entirely recovered from the setback consequent upon the era of over-speculation, and a period of healthful prosperity will be fairy entered upon. The ex ceptionally heavy crops of this season will do much to attract outside attention to our productive capacity and renew the demand for our very inviting lands. Our next boom will be based upon the nat ural and not the forced growth of our country in population, and the increase of her productive ► acre age—upon the steady development of her material and manufacturing resources, and upon the constant ac cession of new lines of transportation and new facilities to reach her tributary mining regions. These will form the basis of a healthy advancement in the wealth of our city and county, and in a prosperity that will be stable and permanent. The Senate, after trotting along finely for several weeks in the Harrison har ness, haß all at once become balky. Tho nomination of Murat Halstead to the Herman mission teems to have brought that body into a recalcitrant mood. After confirming everybody, from White law Keid to Wolfley, it draws the line at Murat. This action of the Senate would astonish the public if the reason for it had not leaked out. It is personal en tirely. It seems that Editor Halstead made uncomplimentary allusions tosome of the Republican Senators because they voted against tho investigation of the election of Senator Payno three years ago. The dignity of these gentleman was rutllcd by Mural's heroic newspaper treatment of them. He is to be punished because, as the editor of a great newspaper, he pursued a policy which was deemed in the interest of the public. The recalcitrant Republican Senators w ill take nothing by this course. They do not stand on high ground. They do not oppose the confirmation of his nomination because he is not equal to the duties of the mission or a fit nominee, but because he had the manly in dependence as an editor to severely crit icise their action in a matter of great public concern. Mr. Halsted can better afford to lose the place than the Senators can afford to keep him out on such nar row personal grounds. There has been considerable astonish ment manifested at the sudden change of front of several prominent gentlemen in the southern part of the county who had placed themselves strongly on record as opposed to county division. At least one of these gentlemen publicly an nounced his opposition to county division in speeches on the stump during the last campaign. How has this change been brought about? We dislike to accept the current explanation that they have yielded to the blandishments of the se ceders because they have been assured of official preferment in the new county ii they will exert their recognized influence in favor of division among the people in the Anaheim region. The scheme of separation requires votes to carry it through, and men who can influence votes, and who have been in opposition, have been placated by some mysterious process. Ii tbe promise of office has worked the conversion), it is very likely that the goods will not be delivered to them ; for, ehould division take place, there would not be enough offices to go round among those who have made an active fight from the start. Should these new converts find that they are "left" when the places are distributed, it that time ever come, they will have to bear their griefs alone, without sympathy fro m any quarter. The Hon. Henry A. Watterson, editor in-chief of the Louisville Courier-Journal, seems to have established himself in Washington as a claqueur of the Harri son administration. Gobs of his contri butions, laudatory of Harrison and his appointees, are being telegraphed over the country by the Associated Press as if they had any more significance than those of any other man who happens to be an editor. Unfortunately for Presi dent Cleveland, almost the only Demo cratic editor he had anything to do with during his administration was Mr. AVat terson. Prior to that gentleman's ad vent in Washington, in the winter of 1887, Mr. Cleveland had a walk-over as his own successor. Both women and men liked him and children cried for him to continue in the White House, and he was booked to get the votes oi every State in the Union, except Vermont, Kansas, lowa aud perhaps Massachu setts, until the cabal of which Mr. Wat terson was the chief, began to clamor for outiight free trade, which turned the current away, to the discomfiture of the Democracy and of Mr. Cleveland's judicious friends. President Harrison owes Mr. Watterson a deep debt of grati tude, and the wonder is that that gentle man's name does not figure in the list as the appointee to some important public mission. His services lo the Republi can party, although of course not so in tended, were simply of incalculable value. Still it looks to a man up a tree as if he should be a little less effusive in acclaiming the individual he did so much to make President. Demo crats are a litte restive over tho antics of the brilliant but erratic Louisviile editor. Progress of the Oil Well Near Stational City. ice on well now being sunk near Na tional City is down 1.21(5 feet. Work is progressing slowly because the drill is now being sent through a stratum of ex traordinary bard Band rock. Col. E. J. Beane, however, still re tains his confidence in the ultimate dis covery of oil or gas. He says one or tbe other is there without doubt. Colonel Beane is also enthusiastic jail now over the reported appropriation by the Legislature of $40,000 for tho fur ther development of the oil field at Stock ton, of which he was the discoverer. Information was received tc-day of a big proposition to pipe natural gas all tbe way from the fields in Kern county to San Francisco. Colonel Saxe, of San Francisco, who has been here for some time, is interested in this scheme, and says that $1150,000 for carrying it out are now on deposit in the bank at Bakersfield, the county seat of Kern. The distance from Kern to San Francisco is about 300 miles, and makes some difficulty, but that obstacle can be overcome by the location of pumping stations at intervals. The introduction of natural gas in San Francisco would be an event of great im portance. So far the scheme has been kept very quiet.—[San Diegan. There Was No Occasion—Mamma (to Flossie, who bad been lunching with a little friend): I hope you were very po lite, Flossie, at the table and said "Yes, please," and "No, thank you." Flossie: Well, I didn't say "No, thank you," be cause, you see, I took everything— [Epoch, 6 FROM WASHINGTON. Muvat Halsread's Confirma tion in Danger. PERSONAL SPITE THE CAUSE. A Blow struck nt the Circumlocu tion Methods of tted-tapedom. Lydecker Case. I Associated Press Dispatches to tho Hxrai.d.l Washington-. March 20.—The crowd at the White House to-day was greah r thau ever and the President did not have a minute to himself, from the time he entered hia office, about 9:30, up to 1:30, when he escaped frcm the eager throng on the plea that Mrs. Harrison and lunch were waiting for him. District delegations were unusually numerous. SENATE PROCEEDINGS. Senator Sherman, in the Senate to day, offered a resolulion, which went over, for the appointment of a committee to wait upon the Piesulcnt and inquire if he had any other business to lay before tbe Senate. Senator Cockrell, from the Select Com mittee to inquire into the methods of business in the Executive Department, made a final report, and made a state ment in regard to tho condition of busi ness in some bran ches of the public service. At the close of Cockrell'fl remarks, the Vice-President Baid the report would be laid on the table and printed. Objection was made to this going on record as a precedent for the transaction of regular business at a called session. Cockrell explained that the regular session had given permission for the presentation of this report at the called session. This obviated the dim- culty. Call offered a resolution (laid on tbe table for the present) declaring, first, that committees of the Senate should be organized with reference to equality of States and their Senators in rights, priv ileges and powerß of the Senate; second, that Senators sball not be assigned to more than one of the following commit tees: Appropriations, Military Affairs, Naval Affairs, Judiciary Foreign Rela tions, Finance, Fostoflice, Public Lands, Commerce, Interstate Commerce, until after every Senator shall have l>een as signed to one of them; third, then sen iority of service shall give preference io assignment of committees unless other wise ordered by the Senate; fourth, that each of the ten committees named ehail be composed of eleven Senators. The Senate then proceeded to execu ive business. When the Senate was sitting with closed doors, the resolution allowing a clerk for Senator Vance, was reported from the Committee on Contingent Ex penses and adopted. Evarts, from the Library Committee, reported a preamble and resolution, which was adopted, that the Senate accept the invitation of the committee, having in charge the centen nial of the inauguration of George Wash ington to participate in the celebration, and thst a committee be appointed to represent the Senate. At 4:45 tbe Sen ate adjourned. SENATE EXECUTIVE SESSION. The executive session of the Senate lasted between two and three hours this afternoon, aud was confined largely to the discussion cf the nomination of Murat Halstead to be Minister to Germany. Before that came up the nomination of John C. New to bo Consul General to London, and of Louis Wolfley to be Gov ernor of Arizona, which were pending, were confirmed. The final attempt of the opposition to defeat New's confirma tion was based upon the assertion that his paper (the Indiananolis Journal) had published articles reflecting upon the private character of President Cleveland. This charge was warmly denied by Sena tor Voorhees, of Indiana, and the nom ination was confirmed. The Committee on Foreign Relations favorably reported all the nominations of yesterday, but in the case of Halstead, the report was not unanimous. On motion to confirm his nomination the nays were in the majority. Senators Teller, Plumb, Ingalls, Farwell and Cullom vot ing with the Democrats. Sherman moved to reconsider the vote, and on that motion a long debate ensued, in the course of which the ground of the objec tion to Halstead was disclosed. When the Senate refused to enter upon the investigation of tbe election of Senator Payne, of Ohio, Halstead, whose paper (.the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette) had strongly urged the investigation and made uncomplimentary allusions to the Republicans who bad voted against the investigation. The feeling against him on the part of the Senators who fell under his displeasure at that time is very bitter, and one of them is reported to have said to President Harrison this morning that Halstead could not be con firmed, and that the Senators whom he had criticised would not vote for him. The motion to reconsider was pending when the Senate adjourned. Tho vote upon confirmation was taken before there were any speeches. Teller said he considered Halstead's nomination an insult to at least eight members of the Senate. Mr. Plumb spoke in the same strain. An extract was read from the files of the Commercial Gazette, for July, 1880, which read: "The Ohio Legislation has recommended an investigation of the charges of bribery and corruption presented in connection the election of Senator Payne. The Sen ate refused to investigate these charges, and the following Republican Sanators voted against the investigation: Chace, Cullom, Evarts, Ingalls, Jones, Logan, Miller, Plumb, Riddleherger, Sawyer, Sewell, Teller and Van Wyck." Of these men, printed as a black list, Halstead said: "To classify the crowd in a single sentence, it is made up of millionaires, servants of corporations, Logan men and corruptionists. There was not a vote cast that was actuated by the slightest regard for tho honor of the Senate or of the purity of politics." Mr. Evarts and Mr. Teller were singled out for special mention. Seven Republican Senators of those whose names were on Halstead's "black list" remain members of that body to-day. I A BLOW BTBUCK AT RED-TAPB, Senator Cockrell, chairman of the se lect committee on business methods of the executive departments, to-day sub mitted to the Senate a second report, j The committee, in its previous report, suggested as the most forcible and prac tical remedy for defective methods of busines, that the Secretaries of the Treas ury and War departments should ap point commissioners in their respective departments to consider and revise the methods of business. These commission ers were afterward appointed, and tbeir reports, which were transmitted to the committee, were laid before the Senate to-day as part of the committee's report. Secretary Fairchild, in a letter dated January 18th last, transmitting the Trea sury Commissioners' report, says: The commissioners has reported to him, from time to time, recommendations which he has caused to be put into operation,son c of which had been adopted by the bureau officers of their own motion. The Senate Committee endorses the several recom mendations of the commission. There is a great deal of uselos and un necessary red tape in the dispatch of certain work, the War Department Com missioner says, and by way of illustra trution states that one specified case was handled by the officers and clerks se venty-six times and, incln ling the mes senger service, ninety-four times. In reference to this case, the report says: "Wi'h all due deference, it does seem to tho committee that fel the transaction and disposition of this item of business it has passed through too many hands and through the same hands too often, and that there have been too many entries, records and noia'iona and too much val uable time and labor consumed and ex pended, and that a much simpler and shorter system could be devised which would be equally accurate and consume much less time aud cause much less ex penditure of labor." Tho committee in the conclusion of its report says that while it has not accom plished all that it desired, yet it hopes that the good work already be »un will be more successfully and perfectly carried out by the standing committees of the Senate on "the organization, conduct and expenditures of executive depart ments" recently created. ENTERING ON WORK. Secretary Windom has received the resignation of Judge McCue as Aesistanl- T.-easuier of New York. Windrim, the new Supervising Architect, and Byrnes, the new Appointment Clerk, were sworn in to-day and entered upon tho discharge of their new duties. I.YDECKER IN A BAD SOLS, In the '.ydecker court martial to-day, Robert Condon testified how the work was hurried along by order of hia em ployer, which accounted for its bad quality in many cases. Thoe. Davis, a stonemason, told how nice little bulk heads were built to conceal the bad work, aud how the guide al ways gave gave warning of the approach of Lieutenant Townsend or Colonel Kirlin. If Major Lydecker had visited the tunnel daily, the men could not have done half as much bad work as they did. Thomas O'Brien, Bub-Inspec tor, testified that he had received $1 a day extra pay from tho contractors in ad dition to his salary from the goverment. He figured on the pay rolls under a fictitious name. MyjorLydecker did not go through the tunnel while witness was there. STRAY NOTES. It is said at the Interior Department that the President's proclamation issued yesterday will throw open to homestead entry about 1,800,000 acres. Tho Indian Bureau to-day made awards of contracts for live stock for the use of the ludians on several reserva tions, amounting to about $80,000. ■EKIUfJTO BE. The PotislblllttCN off tfcie !\e\v Indus try lv tills Country. Washington, March 2S.—The report of the President and Treasurer of the Women's Silk Culture Associtiaon of the United States for the pact year to the Commissioner of Agriculture has been printed. Mrs. John Lucas, the Presi dent, says that to an intelligent observer, rapid progress in this industry would seem improbable. Orchards of mulberry trees must be grown to perfection that will admit of the liberal picking of the leaves before the first real start can be given to the industry. During the past few years much of the work baa been of a desultory character, yet leading to good results, and inasmuch as that even with a lew trees tho people have been learn ing to reel cocoons and tree-planting is: becoming a systematized part of the effort. The United Slates could, in a very ehort time, raise not only its own silk, but much more, and when thia was accomplished, at least $50,000,000 per annum would be gained. Yet, for the protection of a few, a hue and cry is raised against thia new indus try, although there is no reason, climatic, mechanical or otherwise, why it could not lie successfully planted. Tho report of the Treasurer, Mrs. H. H. Taylor, shows that during the year nearly 2,50(3 pounds of cocoons were bought of 108 persons in Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, lowa, Kansas, Ken tucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina. Ohio, Pennsyl vania, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia. There were distributed 2,080 mulberry trees to nineteen States as fol lows: Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachu setts, Michigan, "Missouri, New Yoik, North Carolina, Ohio, Oreiron, Pennsyl vania, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia and Wisconsin. A "Too Solid • Soldier. Washington, March 28. — Captain David L. Craft, of the Sixth Infantry, was brought here from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, last evening by Lieuten ant Sellmer, of the Third Artillery, and placed in St. Elizabeth Insane Asylum. Captain Craft was found incapacitated for active service by the examining board on account of fat, but no mention of his diseased mental condition was made in the papers. He weighs 300 pounds, and Lieutenant Sellmer was obliged to employ an assistant to aid in bringing him here. The Test Cine. Washington, March 28. —Argument began totlay in the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Chace Chan Ping, appellant, vs. the United States, brought to this court on appeal from the United States Circuit Court of California. Ex-Governor Hoadley opened the argument for appellant. The argument will consume the entire day, and probably run over uutil to morrow. A v. uoleaaie £xodu«. Washington, March 28, —The United States Consul at Pernambuco, Brazil, re ports to the Department of State that the province of Ceard has lost 12,331 inhabi tants on account of the summer drought, most of them emigrating to the northern and southern provinces. A Mew Hank. Washington, March 28.—The acting IComptroller of the Currency to-day au thorized the Big Bend National Bank of I Davenport, Washington Territory, to be gin business with a capital of $00,000. De Young In society at Last. Washington, March 28.—M. H. De | Young and wife, of San Francisco, have been invited to dine with President Har rison to-morrow night. Admitted to Practice Washington, March 28.—Stephen M. White, of Los Angeles, and John F. Swift were to-day admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States. POSTOFFICE REMOVALS. None of Them Made Except for Good Cause. NO POLITICAL PREJUDICE. The Last Administration's Method of Forcing- Officials on its Succcbsor. lAssoolsted Press Dispatches to the Herald.l Washington, March 28 —Fisrt As sistant Postmaster - General Clarkaon was questioned to-day concerning certain newspaper criticisms directed against his policy in the appointment of fourth-class postmasters. In answer, he said that practically all of the changes, thus far, have been made for other than political roasons. A large number of appointments mado during tho last ad ministration was bad. A considerable number had been found to be delinquent in their accounts. Other changes had been made in order to secure better protections for the oflices, and in many cases the appointments had been made with a view to the removal of the oflices from the vicinity of saloons. In every case of removal there had been good and tufficieut cause therefor. "Per haps," he added, "it is not generally known that my predecessor, within a month or six weeks prior to March 4th, made ovet a thousand appointments of fourth-class postmasters for the purpose, apparently, of forcing them upon this Administration. This course has not been pursued, to my knowledge, by any previous Administration. During the last several weeks of President Arthur's term, not a single fourth-class post master was appointed, except, in rare instances, where the exigencies of the service demanded it; and when Post master Hatton resigned, there were more than 3,000 resignations on file in his office. The commissions of a thous and appointees of my predecessor were, of course, withheld, and these vacancies, with others, are now being filled as rapidly as possible." WANIIINUTON'S IIMAI Ut lttTll).\. Suggestions as to tne War to Cele brate Its Centennial. New Yoiik, March 2S.—The following telegram, sent to-day, explains itself: Hon. Benjamin Harrison, President o' the United States, Waehington, J). C,: The Committee on the Centennial Cel ebration of the inauguration of George Washington as President of the United states, respectfully ask tlu.t you issue a proclamation calling upon clergymen to hold a epecial service of thanksgiving in the churchas throughout the country at 9 o'clock on the morning of April liOth, at the same hour at which services were held in the churches in this city on the morning of Washington's inauguration one hundred years ago. The clergymen of New York, through a special commit tee, have issued an address to tho clergy men of the United States, suggesting that religious services be belli similar to the services held on April cO, 1789. Our committee would respectfully ask you, inasmuch as the day iB a national holi day, to suggest in your proclamation that tha day be made memorial through out the United States by the decoration of buildings, display of fireworks and meetings of patriotic citizens. Hamilton Fish, President. Hloii Grant, Chairman. The Northern Pacific Arrangement. New York, March 28. —The Executive Committee of the Northern Pacific met again to-day for further consideration of the proposition to operate the Wisconsin Central road under a traffic agreement. The original proposition was rejected and a new one, considerably modified, substituted. This was discussed for sev eral hours to-day and then forwarded to the executive officers of the two com panies to be further changed. The Com mittee then adjourned until next week. It is stated that the proposition now be ing considered is entirely different from the one first, made, and that if any agree ment is made with the Wisconsin Central it will be just as beneficial to the North ern Pacific as to the Wisconsin Central and will not be one sided. It is also officially stated that the interest of the lines competing with the Northern Pacific will be carefully considered, and that any agreement reached will be of such a character as to meet the approbation of competing lines. Beaver Takes It Coolly. Haiirisburg, Pa., March 28.—Gov ernor Beaver was at his desk in the Ex ecutive Department at the usual hour this morning. He smiled at the refer ence to yesterday's affair in Washington. "I have dismissed the whole matter from my mind. It was unfortunate that the poor crazy creature should do as he did," said the Governor. "I told him I was not responsible for his removal and did not know it until afterwards. As I passed on I saw him reach for me. I turned quickly. I was afraid he had a pistol and would shoot me. He had threatened to shoot General Hastings, and I didn't know what he might do. As I saw his hand go up I struck at him. I struck twice because I wanted him to know that he must quit that sort of thing. The letter sent to me by Armes was scurrilous and I took no notice of it." It was learned subsequently that the letter written by Armes was referred to the Adjutant-General. The licoleslaetlcal < olor I.inc. Baltimore, March 28.—A Charleston, 8. C, special to the Sun sun says: The report of tbe coTnmittee appointed by the South Carolina diocesan convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, to try and arrange a settlement of the color question, which led to the secession of nearly all the Charleston churches two years ago, recommends a compromise, which proposes to admit such colored clergymen to the convention as have been iv connection with the church for twelve months prior to May 18th. It also proposes separate congregations for the colored churches under the ministra tion of a Bishop. No provision is made for the admission of colored lady dele gates. Tralnwreckerk' Work. Cmr-aoo, March 28.—Superintendent Crocker, of the Chicago, Santa Fe and California Railway, was notified this morning of an attempt to wreck the west-bound limited train on that road near Chillicothe, 111., last night. Ties were piled upon the track. Fortunately the pilot of the engine threw them from the rails without derailing the engine or train. The limited is generally well loaded, and Wells Fargo's express car ries a lot of valuables on the train. The officials of the Santa Fe are inclined to think that robbery was the motive.