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Los Angeles daily herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1884-1890, March 29, 1889, Image 4

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josnrn d. itwch.
(Entered et the psstofflce et Lot Angole« »s
seoond-class matter. I
At «Oc. per Week, or SOc. per month.
Daily Herald, one year.. *? 2?
Daily Hsbald, six months
Daily Herald, three months - ■£»
Wssxly Hbrald, one year - jo
WiaaLY Hsbald, six months 1 OO
Wskkly Herald, three months «J
LiLUSTRATis) Hkbald, per copy i»
Local ConnßsroßDisc*. trom adjacent towns
specially solicited.
Kkbuttancks shonld be made by draft, chock,
postolßce order or postal note. The latter shomd
be sent for all tarns less than 95.
Omci or Publication, 12S-5 West Second
Street, between Spring and Fort. Los Angeles.
Notice to mail Subscribers.
The papers of all delinquent mail subscribers
to tbe Los Angeles Daily Hkbald will oe
promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers
will be sent to subscribers by ms.il unlc-s the
sjaaae have been paid lor in advance. This rule
Is inflexible. * Ayxbs A Lynch.
•nr greatly increased facilities we are prepared
to exconte all kinds of Job work In a superior
manner. Special attention will be given to
commercial and legal printing, and all orders
wfU be promptly filled at moderate rates.
The contract for the building of the
new hotel at Redondo Beach was given
out yesterday, and work will at once
proceed upon tbe edifice. The lumber
and other material foots up upwards of
$80,000; and, at tbe present low price of
everything that enters into an edifice,
that figure indicates the scale upon
which the company are proceeding. The
plane, as originally outlined, have been
modified in some respects, but we have
the assurance ef another charming addi
tion to our watering place caravanseries.
Work is going on in rapid shape on the
railway which is to connect Redondo
and Los Angeles.
The great crops which will be grown
in California this year are a double bene
faction. The wheat crop of the United
States will be short. Dakota, instead of
contributing thirty or forty million bush
els to tbe stcck, will be in the market as
a purchaser for seed and food. All the
conditions point to high prices. Los An
geles county will produce an enormous
crop of cereals this year, barn'Dg some
unlooked for visitation of Providence.
Some estimates place the acreage sown
in grain as high as three hundred thou
sand, and thirty bushels to tbe acre
would not be an extravagant estimate.
The way some of it is stooling out, sixty
bushels will be recorded. On the most
conservative basis we may look for five
or six million bushels of the cereals, and
that means that we shall have a tremen
dous surplus for export. Fortunately for
oar people they have learned the lesson
that production is tbe truest source of
wealth, and they have learned it thor
It is to be hoped that there will be no
Oklahoma rush of American settlers to
get slices of the sixty miles of territory
in Lower California which it is said was
left by error on the Mexican side of the
line. An examination of the Treaty of
Guadalupe de Hidalgo fails to make any
mistake in the boundary line apparent.
The treaty says nothing about the
line running from the mouth of
the Colorado river. On the con
trary, it says clearly that tbe
line ehall take the middle of the Gila
river to its junction with the Colorado,
and ran thence a straight line to the Pa
cific Ocean, which it shall reach atapoint
one league below the southernmost point
of the port of San Diego. In 1849 the
Boundary Commission, under Colonel
J. B. Weller, ran thelineand established
the boundary where it now is, and where
it will remain until Mexico and the
United Stateß find it to their interest to
change it.
Rattlesnake Island is being made
the subject of a good deal of active
negotiations just now. It is not a violent
inference to assume that the recently
strongly developed tendency of the Union
Pacific Railway to build to tidewater on
the Pacific Ocean is at the bottom of this
ac:ivity. The Utah Southern is to be at
once pushed to Los Angeles, and Rattle
snake Island is the obvious terminus of
that system. This is independent of the
statement made in yesterday's Hebald
that the Pacific Coast Steamship Com
pany have also agents in the field here
looking to the acquisition of a railway
which will afford them communication
between the ocean and this city. Alto
gether, the prospect is for lively times
hereabouts, notwithstanding the immin
ence of cummer. To enliven matters
generally, real estate values are now so
low in Los Angeles connty as to warrant
investment with a view to an early up
ward turn in prices.
The Board of Education has informally,
through a conference of its sub-commit
tees, agreed to ask the Council to call an
election on the question of issuing
$150,000 worth of bonds for the purpose
of increasing the school accommodations
of this city. The condition of the schools
in Los Angeles imperatively demands
the contemplated improvements. There
are now sixty-six classes in this city on
half-time tuition, and the increase of
school children during the past year
has been two thousand five hundred.
It is evident from these facts that
the city is not, and has not been for the
past year, performing its duty towards
the school children. It is proposed to
increase the facilities of the department
by adding fifty-five class rooms to its
present accommodations. This will ac
commodate the increase of scholars and
afford every class full time in the school.
The Board is evincing commendable
energy in its work, and it will have the
public at its back in its determination
to carry out the improvements outlined.
The New County and the Pocket
Much as we should dislike to see this
magnificent county dismembered, and
believiDg, as we do, that, for years to
come, the people who compose its popu
lation would do better together, prevent
ing not only an impressive autonomy,
but retrenching their taxes, we never
theless realize the fact that if they want
to leave us, our Southern brethren have
the perfect legal right to do so under the
act of the Legislature of this State. We
don't think that the bill creating Orange
county was just in principle, in that it
committed the decision of the question
to a mere fraction of the people of Los
Angeles county, but it passed both houses
of the Legislature and received the sanc
tion of the Governor, and that ended the
matter co far as this journal is concerned
Attaching some importance to a con
tinued connection with our neighbors,
mainly from sentimental considerations,
the Hlrai.d claims the right to join in
the discussion as to the advisability of
the people of the proposed county setting
up for themselves in business. The Beard
of Supervisors, at their session yesterday,
gave official sanction to presentments ol
the matter which have substantially
heretofore appeared in these columns.
They formulated tome figures as to the
probable cost of running the contem
plated new county which have an im
pressive significance to the taxpayers
resident within its bounds.
The Board was of opinion that the cost
of running the new county would foot up
about $295,700, which would have to be
raised by taxation within the first twelve
months. The assessed value of the pro
posed county of Orange footed up in tbe
County Assessor's rolls $9,500,000.
From this will have to be deducted the
State Board of Equalization's reduction
of fifteen per cent., diminishing the total
to the $8,000,000, at which figure the
Hkbald has placed the new county's
shire of the assessment rolls. The
Boaid estimates that the assessment roll,
this year, has been fifteen to twenty-five
per cent, less than last. But on the
assumption that last year's assessment,
as adjusted by the State Board of
Equalization, should hold good for the
current year, a rate of $4 on the $100 valua
ation would be needed. The Supervisors
in their estimates have placed the figures
at what they regard as only sixty per
cent, of the real sum needed to start the
county, in order that they should not be
successfully challenged. This would
really involve a rate of $0 on the $100,
and to this tbe residents of the incorpo
rated towns must add their local taxes,
which might bring the rate up to $7 on
the $100 of valuation.
In these estimates of the Board no pro
vision is made for public buildings of the
new county, interest on the funded debt,
the probable issue of bonda, nor the
principal and interest of school district
bonds now outstanding. The fiscal year
of Lcs Angeles county ends on the 30 h
of June. The county will then owe
$150,000, besides its funded debt
of $681,000, of which Orange county
would have to pay one-twelfth, or
about $69,250, Of school bonds there
are outstanding in the region set
apart for the Dew county $102,058
for which provision must be made to pay
principal and interest. Of this sum the
city of Santa Ana aloDe owes $40,500.
On the other hand, the property of Los
Angeles county does not foot up over
$500,000, including the funds on hand
applicable to our public improvements.
Orange county would therefore be in
debt to this county nearly $30,000, in
stead of starting with the large sum to
the good which gentlemen interested in
tbe new venture have been so fond of ex
patiating upon.
While these are substantially the same
figures which the Hebald has all along
presented, it must be borne in mind that
a3 we present them now they are the
official figures of the Board of Super
We confess that we fail to see in them
anything that would make a taxpayer of
the proposed new county vote aye in the
premises. On the contrary, as it seems
to us, ordinary common sense and busi-
ness prudence call for the overwhelm
ing defeat of the scheme at the polls.
With a top-heavy machinery, an
enormously high rate of taxation and a
heavy debt, the outlook is not very en
couraging to the men who will have to
pay the piper.
All the plana and preliminary work
for our internal sewer system and the
outfall to the eea ought to be submitted
to the Council and passed upon finally
in a few weeks. In the meantime the
legal aspects of the question ought to be
carefully investigated and settled. If
the work can be carried out inside the
city under the provisions of the new
Charter there will be pmooth sailing.
But if this is found unadvisable, and it
has to be .prosecuted under the Vrooman
act, difficulties will arise in the adjust
ment of the assessments that will cause
vexatious delays. The Council, how
ever, should keep hammering at the
matter until they have it in practicable
shape, and then go ahead with the work.
The sewer improvements alone will give
employment to a large force of men,
and the money spent will return
into the channels of trade and
create an era of activity that will do
much to tide us over the reactionary
period of depression. A better feeling is
now manifested in business circles, and
transactions in realty are gradually in
creasing. By next fall our city and
county will have entirely recovered from
the setback consequent upon the
era of over-speculation, and a
period of healthful prosperity will
be fairy entered upon. The ex
ceptionally heavy crops of this season will
do much to attract outside attention to
our productive capacity and renew the
demand for our very inviting lands. Our
next boom will be based upon the nat
ural and not the forced growth of our
country in population, and the
increase of her productive ► acre
age—upon the steady development
of her material and manufacturing
resources, and upon the constant ac
cession of new lines of transportation and
new facilities to reach her tributary
mining regions. These will form the
basis of a healthy advancement in the
wealth of our city and county, and in a
prosperity that will be stable and
The Senate, after trotting along finely
for several weeks in the Harrison har
ness, haß all at once become balky. Tho
nomination of Murat Halstead to the
Herman mission teems to have brought
that body into a recalcitrant mood.
After confirming everybody, from White
law Keid to Wolfley, it draws the line at
Murat. This action of the Senate would
astonish the public if the reason for it
had not leaked out. It is personal en
tirely. It seems that Editor Halstead
made uncomplimentary allusions tosome
of the Republican Senators because they
voted against tho investigation of the
election of Senator Payno three
years ago. The dignity of these
gentleman was rutllcd by Mural's heroic
newspaper treatment of them. He is to
be punished because, as the editor of a
great newspaper, he pursued a policy
which was deemed in the interest of the
public. The recalcitrant Republican
Senators w ill take nothing by this course.
They do not stand on high ground. They
do not oppose the confirmation of his
nomination because he is not equal to
the duties of the mission or a fit nominee,
but because he had the manly in
dependence as an editor to severely crit
icise their action in a matter of great
public concern. Mr. Halsted can better
afford to lose the place than the Senators
can afford to keep him out on such nar
row personal grounds.
There has been considerable astonish
ment manifested at the sudden change
of front of several prominent gentlemen
in the southern part of the county who
had placed themselves strongly on record
as opposed to county division. At least
one of these gentlemen publicly an
nounced his opposition to county division
in speeches on the stump during the last
campaign. How has this change been
brought about? We dislike to accept
the current explanation that they have
yielded to the blandishments of the se
ceders because they have been assured
of official preferment in the new county ii
they will exert their recognized influence
in favor of division among the people
in the Anaheim region. The scheme of
separation requires votes to carry it
through, and men who can influence
votes, and who have been in opposition,
have been placated by some mysterious
process. Ii tbe promise of office has
worked the conversion), it is very likely
that the goods will not be delivered to
them ; for, ehould division take place,
there would not be enough offices to go
round among those who have made an
active fight from the start. Should these
new converts find that they are "left"
when the places are distributed, it that
time ever come, they will have to bear
their griefs alone, without sympathy
fro m any quarter.
The Hon. Henry A. Watterson, editor
in-chief of the Louisville Courier-Journal,
seems to have established himself in
Washington as a claqueur of the Harri
son administration. Gobs of his contri
butions, laudatory of Harrison and his
appointees, are being telegraphed over
the country by the Associated Press as if
they had any more significance than
those of any other man who happens to
be an editor. Unfortunately for Presi
dent Cleveland, almost the only Demo
cratic editor he had anything to do with
during his administration was Mr. AVat
terson. Prior to that gentleman's ad
vent in Washington, in the winter of
1887, Mr. Cleveland had a walk-over as
his own successor. Both women and
men liked him and children cried for
him to continue in the White House, and
he was booked to get the votes oi every
State in the Union, except Vermont,
Kansas, lowa aud perhaps Massachu
setts, until the cabal of which Mr. Wat
terson was the chief, began to clamor for
outiight free trade, which turned the
current away, to the discomfiture
of the Democracy and of Mr. Cleveland's
judicious friends. President Harrison
owes Mr. Watterson a deep debt of grati
tude, and the wonder is that that gentle
man's name does not figure in the list as
the appointee to some important public
mission. His services lo the Republi
can party, although of course not so in
tended, were simply of incalculable
value. Still it looks to a man up a
tree as if he should be a little less
effusive in acclaiming the individual he
did so much to make President. Demo
crats are a litte restive over tho antics of
the brilliant but erratic Louisviile editor.
Progress of the Oil Well Near
Stational City.
ice on well now being sunk near Na
tional City is down 1.21(5 feet. Work is
progressing slowly because the drill is
now being sent through a stratum of ex
traordinary bard Band rock.
Col. E. J. Beane, however, still re
tains his confidence in the ultimate dis
covery of oil or gas. He says one or
tbe other is there without doubt.
Colonel Beane is also enthusiastic jail
now over the reported appropriation by
the Legislature of $40,000 for tho fur
ther development of the oil field at Stock
ton, of which he was the discoverer.
Information was received tc-day of a
big proposition to pipe natural gas all tbe
way from the fields in Kern county to
San Francisco.
Colonel Saxe, of San Francisco, who
has been here for some time, is interested
in this scheme, and says that $1150,000
for carrying it out are now on deposit in
the bank at Bakersfield, the county seat
of Kern. The distance from Kern to San
Francisco is about 300 miles, and makes
some difficulty, but that obstacle can be
overcome by the location of pumping
stations at intervals.
The introduction of natural gas in San
Francisco would be an event of great im
portance. So far the scheme has been
kept very quiet.—[San Diegan.
There Was No Occasion—Mamma (to
Flossie, who bad been lunching with a
little friend): I hope you were very po
lite, Flossie, at the table and said "Yes,
please," and "No, thank you." Flossie:
Well, I didn't say "No, thank you," be
cause, you see, I took everything—
[Epoch, 6
Muvat Halsread's Confirma
tion in Danger.
A Blow struck nt the Circumlocu
tion Methods of tted-tapedom.
Lydecker Case.
I Associated Press Dispatches to tho Hxrai.d.l
Washington-. March 20.—The crowd
at the White House to-day was greah r
thau ever and the President did not
have a minute to himself, from the time
he entered hia office, about 9:30, up to
1:30, when he escaped frcm the eager
throng on the plea that Mrs. Harrison
and lunch were waiting for him. District
delegations were unusually numerous.
Senator Sherman, in the Senate to
day, offered a resolulion, which went
over, for the appointment of a committee
to wait upon the Piesulcnt and inquire if
he had any other business to lay before
tbe Senate.
Senator Cockrell, from the Select Com
mittee to inquire into the methods of
business in the Executive Department,
made a final report, and made a state
ment in regard to tho condition of busi
ness in some bran ches of the public
At the close of Cockrell'fl remarks,
the Vice-President Baid the report
would be laid on the table
and printed. Objection was made to
this going on record as a precedent for
the transaction of regular business at a
called session. Cockrell explained that
the regular session had given permission
for the presentation of this report at the
called session. This obviated the dim-
Call offered a resolution (laid on tbe
table for the present) declaring, first,
that committees of the Senate should be
organized with reference to equality of
States and their Senators in rights, priv
ileges and powerß of the Senate; second,
that Senators sball not be assigned to
more than one of the following commit
tees: Appropriations, Military Affairs,
Naval Affairs, Judiciary Foreign Rela
tions, Finance, Fostoflice, Public Lands,
Commerce, Interstate Commerce, until
after every Senator shall have l>een as
signed to one of them; third, then sen
iority of service shall give preference io
assignment of committees unless other
wise ordered by the Senate; fourth, that
each of the ten committees named ehail
be composed of eleven Senators. The
Senate then proceeded to execu ive
When the Senate was sitting with
closed doors, the resolution allowing a
clerk for Senator Vance, was reported
from the Committee on Contingent Ex
penses and adopted. Evarts, from the
Library Committee, reported a preamble
and resolution, which was adopted, that
the Senate accept the invitation of the
committee, having in charge the centen
nial of the inauguration of George Wash
ington to participate in the celebration,
and thst a committee be appointed to
represent the Senate. At 4:45 tbe Sen
ate adjourned.
The executive session of the Senate
lasted between two and three hours this
afternoon, aud was confined largely to
the discussion cf the nomination of Murat
Halstead to be Minister to Germany.
Before that came up the nomination of
John C. New to bo Consul General to
London, and of Louis Wolfley to be Gov
ernor of Arizona, which were pending,
were confirmed. The final attempt of
the opposition to defeat New's confirma
tion was based upon the assertion that
his paper (the Indiananolis Journal) had
published articles reflecting upon the
private character of President Cleveland.
This charge was warmly denied by Sena
tor Voorhees, of Indiana, and the nom
ination was confirmed. The Committee
on Foreign Relations favorably reported
all the nominations of yesterday, but in
the case of Halstead, the report was not
unanimous. On motion to confirm his
nomination the nays were in the
majority. Senators Teller, Plumb,
Ingalls, Farwell and Cullom vot
ing with the Democrats. Sherman
moved to reconsider the vote, and on
that motion a long debate ensued, in the
course of which the ground of the objec
tion to Halstead was disclosed. When
the Senate refused to enter upon the
investigation of tbe election of Senator
Payne, of Ohio, Halstead, whose paper
(.the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette) had
strongly urged the investigation and
made uncomplimentary allusions to the
Republicans who bad voted against the
investigation. The feeling against him
on the part of the Senators who fell
under his displeasure at that time is very
bitter, and one of them is reported to
have said to President Harrison this
morning that Halstead could not be con
firmed, and that the Senators whom he
had criticised would not vote for him.
The motion to reconsider was pending
when the Senate adjourned. Tho vote
upon confirmation was taken before
there were any speeches.
Teller said he considered Halstead's
nomination an insult to at least eight
members of the Senate. Mr. Plumb
spoke in the same strain. An extract
was read from the files of the Commercial
Gazette, for July, 1880, which read:
"The Ohio Legislation has recommended
an investigation of the charges of bribery
and corruption presented in connection
the election of Senator Payne. The Sen
ate refused to investigate these charges,
and the following Republican Sanators
voted against the investigation: Chace,
Cullom, Evarts, Ingalls, Jones, Logan,
Miller, Plumb, Riddleherger, Sawyer,
Sewell, Teller and Van Wyck." Of these
men, printed as a black list, Halstead
said: "To classify the crowd in a single
sentence, it is made up of millionaires,
servants of corporations, Logan men and
corruptionists. There was not a vote
cast that was actuated by the slightest
regard for tho honor of the Senate or of
the purity of politics." Mr. Evarts and
Mr. Teller were singled out for special
mention. Seven Republican Senators of
those whose names were on Halstead's
"black list" remain members of that
body to-day. I
Senator Cockrell, chairman of the se
lect committee on business methods of
the executive departments, to-day sub
mitted to the Senate a second report, j
The committee, in its previous report,
suggested as the most forcible and prac
tical remedy for defective methods of
busines, that the Secretaries of the Treas
ury and War departments should ap
point commissioners in their respective
departments to consider and revise the
methods of business. These commission
ers were afterward appointed, and tbeir
reports, which were transmitted to the
committee, were laid before the Senate
to-day as part of the committee's report.
Secretary Fairchild, in a letter dated
January 18th last, transmitting the Trea
sury Commissioners' report, says: The
commissioners has reported to him, from
time to time, recommendations which he
has caused to be put into operation,son c
of which had been adopted by the bureau
officers of their own motion. The Senate
Committee endorses the several recom
mendations of the commission.
There is a great deal of uselos and un
necessary red tape in the dispatch of
certain work, the War Department Com
missioner says, and by way of illustra
trution states that one specified case was
handled by the officers and clerks se
venty-six times and, incln ling the mes
senger service, ninety-four times. In
reference to this case, the report says:
"Wi'h all due deference, it does seem to
tho committee that fel the transaction
and disposition of this item of business it
has passed through too many hands and
through the same hands too often, and
that there have been too many entries,
records and noia'iona and too much val
uable time and labor consumed and ex
pended, and that a much simpler and
shorter system could be devised which
would be equally accurate and consume
much less time aud cause much less ex
penditure of labor."
Tho committee in the conclusion of its
report says that while it has not accom
plished all that it desired, yet it hopes
that the good work already be »un will be
more successfully and perfectly carried
out by the standing committees of the
Senate on "the organization, conduct
and expenditures of executive depart
ments" recently created.
Secretary Windom has received the
resignation of Judge McCue as Aesistanl-
T.-easuier of New York. Windrim, the
new Supervising Architect, and Byrnes,
the new Appointment Clerk, were sworn
in to-day and entered upon tho discharge
of their new duties.
In the '.ydecker court martial to-day,
Robert Condon testified how the work
was hurried along by order of hia em
ployer, which accounted for its bad
quality in many cases. Thoe. Davis, a
stonemason, told how nice little bulk
heads were built to conceal the bad
work, aud how the guide al
ways gave gave warning of the
approach of Lieutenant Townsend or
Colonel Kirlin. If Major Lydecker had
visited the tunnel daily, the men could
not have done half as much bad work as
they did. Thomas O'Brien, Bub-Inspec
tor, testified that he had received $1 a
day extra pay from tho contractors in ad
dition to his salary from the goverment.
He figured on the pay rolls under a
fictitious name. MyjorLydecker did not
go through the tunnel while witness was
It is said at the Interior Department
that the President's proclamation issued
yesterday will throw open to homestead
entry about 1,800,000 acres.
Tho Indian Bureau to-day made
awards of contracts for live stock for the
use of the ludians on several reserva
tions, amounting to about $80,000.
The PotislblllttCN off tfcie !\e\v Indus
try lv tills Country.
Washington, March 2S.—The report
of the President and Treasurer of the
Women's Silk Culture Associtiaon of the
United States for the pact year to the
Commissioner of Agriculture has been
printed. Mrs. John Lucas, the Presi
dent, says that to an intelligent observer,
rapid progress in this industry would
seem improbable. Orchards of mulberry
trees must be grown to perfection that
will admit of the liberal picking of the
leaves before the first real start can be
given to the industry. During the past
few years much of the work baa been of
a desultory character, yet leading to good
results, and inasmuch as that even with
a lew trees tho people have been learn
ing to reel cocoons and tree-planting is:
becoming a systematized part of the effort.
The United Slates could, in a very ehort
time, raise not only its own
silk, but much more, and when
thia was accomplished, at least
$50,000,000 per annum would be gained.
Yet, for the protection of a few, a hue
and cry is raised against thia new indus
try, although there is no reason, climatic,
mechanical or otherwise, why it could
not lie successfully planted. Tho report
of the Treasurer, Mrs. H. H. Taylor,
shows that during the year nearly 2,50(3
pounds of cocoons were bought of 108
persons in Arkansas, Florida, Georgia,
Illinois, Indiana, lowa, Kansas, Ken
tucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota,
Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New
York, North Carolina. Ohio, Pennsyl
vania, South Carolina, Virginia and West
Virginia. There were distributed 2,080
mulberry trees to nineteen States as fol
lows: Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana,
Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachu
setts, Michigan, "Missouri, New Yoik,
North Carolina, Ohio, Oreiron, Pennsyl
vania, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia
and Wisconsin.
A "Too Solid • Soldier.
Washington, March 28. — Captain
David L. Craft, of the Sixth Infantry,
was brought here from Harrisburg,
Pennsylvania, last evening by Lieuten
ant Sellmer, of the Third Artillery, and
placed in St. Elizabeth Insane Asylum.
Captain Craft was found incapacitated
for active service by the examining
board on account of fat, but no mention
of his diseased mental condition was
made in the papers. He weighs 300
pounds, and Lieutenant Sellmer was
obliged to employ an assistant to aid in
bringing him here.
The Test Cine.
Washington, March 28. —Argument
began totlay in the Supreme Court of
the United States in the case of Chace
Chan Ping, appellant, vs. the United
States, brought to this court on appeal
from the United States Circuit Court
of California. Ex-Governor Hoadley
opened the argument for appellant.
The argument will consume the entire
day, and probably run over uutil to
A v. uoleaaie £xodu«.
Washington, March 28, —The United
States Consul at Pernambuco, Brazil, re
ports to the Department of State that the
province of Ceard has lost 12,331 inhabi
tants on account of the summer drought,
most of them emigrating to the northern
and southern provinces.
A Mew Hank.
Washington, March 28.—The acting
IComptroller of the Currency to-day au
thorized the Big Bend National Bank of
I Davenport, Washington Territory, to be
gin business with a capital of $00,000.
De Young In society at Last.
Washington, March 28.—M. H. De
| Young and wife, of San Francisco, have
been invited to dine with President Har
rison to-morrow night.
Admitted to Practice
Washington, March 28.—Stephen M.
White, of Los Angeles, and John F. Swift
were to-day admitted to practice before
the Supreme Court of the United States.
None of Them Made Except
for Good Cause.
The Last Administration's Method of
Forcing- Officials on its
lAssoolsted Press Dispatches to the Herald.l
Washington, March 28 —Fisrt As
sistant Postmaster - General Clarkaon
was questioned to-day concerning
certain newspaper criticisms directed
against his policy in the appointment of
fourth-class postmasters. In answer, he
said that practically all of the changes,
thus far, have been made for other than
political roasons. A large number of
appointments mado during tho last ad
ministration was bad. A considerable
number had been found to be delinquent
in their accounts. Other changes had
been made in order to secure
better protections for the oflices, and
in many cases the appointments had
been made with a view to the removal
of the oflices from the vicinity of saloons.
In every case of removal there had been
good and tufficieut cause therefor. "Per
haps," he added, "it is not generally
known that my predecessor, within a
month or six weeks prior to March 4th,
made ovet a thousand appointments of
fourth-class postmasters for the purpose,
apparently, of forcing them upon this
Administration. This course has not
been pursued, to my knowledge, by any
previous Administration. During the
last several weeks of President Arthur's
term, not a single fourth-class post
master was appointed, except, in rare
instances, where the exigencies of the
service demanded it; and when Post
master Hatton resigned, there were
more than 3,000 resignations on file in
his office. The commissions of a thous
and appointees of my predecessor were,
of course, withheld, and these vacancies,
with others, are now being filled as
rapidly as possible."
Suggestions as to tne War to Cele
brate Its Centennial.
New Yoiik, March 2S.—The following
telegram, sent to-day, explains itself:
Hon. Benjamin Harrison, President o'
the United States, Waehington, J). C,:
The Committee on the Centennial Cel
ebration of the inauguration of George
Washington as President of the United
states, respectfully ask tlu.t you issue a
proclamation calling upon clergymen to
hold a epecial service of thanksgiving
in the churchas throughout the country
at 9 o'clock on the morning of April liOth,
at the same hour at which services were
held in the churches in this city on the
morning of Washington's inauguration
one hundred years ago. The clergymen
of New York, through a special commit
tee, have issued an address to tho clergy
men of the United States, suggesting
that religious services be belli similar to
the services held on April cO, 1789. Our
committee would respectfully ask you,
inasmuch as the day iB a national holi
day, to suggest in your proclamation
that tha day be made memorial through
out the United States by the decoration
of buildings, display of fireworks and
meetings of patriotic citizens.
Hamilton Fish, President.
Hloii Grant, Chairman.
The Northern Pacific Arrangement.
New York, March 28. —The Executive
Committee of the Northern Pacific met
again to-day for further consideration of
the proposition to operate the Wisconsin
Central road under a traffic agreement.
The original proposition was rejected
and a new one, considerably modified,
substituted. This was discussed for sev
eral hours to-day and then forwarded to
the executive officers of the two com
panies to be further changed. The Com
mittee then adjourned until next week.
It is stated that the proposition now be
ing considered is entirely different from
the one first, made, and that if any agree
ment is made with the Wisconsin Central
it will be just as beneficial to the North
ern Pacific as to the Wisconsin Central
and will not be one sided. It is also
officially stated that the interest of the
lines competing with the Northern Pacific
will be carefully considered, and that
any agreement reached will be of such a
character as to meet the approbation of
competing lines.
Beaver Takes It Coolly.
Haiirisburg, Pa., March 28.—Gov
ernor Beaver was at his desk in the Ex
ecutive Department at the usual hour
this morning. He smiled at the refer
ence to yesterday's affair in Washington.
"I have dismissed the whole matter
from my mind. It was unfortunate that
the poor crazy creature should do as he
did," said the Governor. "I told him I
was not responsible for his removal and
did not know it until afterwards. As I
passed on I saw him reach for me. I
turned quickly. I was afraid he had a
pistol and would shoot me. He had
threatened to shoot General Hastings,
and I didn't know what he might do.
As I saw his hand go up I struck at him.
I struck twice because I wanted him to
know that he must quit that sort of
thing. The letter sent to me by Armes
was scurrilous and I took no notice of
it." It was learned subsequently that
the letter written by Armes was referred
to the Adjutant-General.
The licoleslaetlcal < olor I.inc.
Baltimore, March 28.—A Charleston,
8. C, special to the Sun sun says: The
report of tbe coTnmittee appointed by the
South Carolina diocesan convention of
the Protestant Episcopal Church, to try
and arrange a settlement of the color
question, which led to the secession of
nearly all the Charleston churches two
years ago, recommends a compromise,
which proposes to admit such colored
clergymen to the convention as have
been iv connection with the church for
twelve months prior to May 18th. It
also proposes separate congregations for
the colored churches under the ministra
tion of a Bishop. No provision is made
for the admission of colored lady dele
Tralnwreckerk' Work.
Cmr-aoo, March 28.—Superintendent
Crocker, of the Chicago, Santa Fe and
California Railway, was notified this
morning of an attempt to wreck the
west-bound limited train on that road
near Chillicothe, 111., last night. Ties
were piled upon the track. Fortunately
the pilot of the engine threw them from
the rails without derailing the engine or
train. The limited is generally well
loaded, and Wells Fargo's express car
ries a lot of valuables on the train. The
officials of the Santa Fe are inclined to
think that robbery was the motive.

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