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. DAILY HKIIALP —rOBLISHID — BKVEN DAYS A ~W KEK. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JANES J. AYBBS. AVERS A LYNCH, • PUBLISHERS. CITY" Ol IICIAL PAI»EK. pattered at the psstofflce at Los Angeles as seoond-olass matter.) DELIVERED BT CARRIERS At SOc. per Week, or 80c. per month.. TERMS BT MAIL. INCLOWRB POST ABB! Daily Hbbald, one year $8.00 Daily Hkbald, six months 4.2J Daily Hbbald, three months 2 25 Wefkly Herald, one year 2.00 Wbkrly Herald, six months 100 Weekly Herald, throe months 60 Illustrated Hbbald, per copy 15 Local Correspondence Irom adjacent towns ■peels] ly solicited. Remittances should be made by draft, check, postomee order or postal note. The latter should be sent for all sums less than $5. Office of Publication, 128-5 West Second street, between Spring and Fort, Los Angeles. Notice to mull subscribers. The papers of aU delinquent mall subscribers to the Los Augeles Daily Hebald will be promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers wiU be sent to subscribers by mall aniens the same have been paid for in advance. This rule is inflexible. Ayebs A Lynch. JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT—Owing to oar greatly increased facilities we are prepared to exwente sU kinds of Job work in s superior manner. Special attention will be given to commercial and legal printing, snd all orders wUI be promptly filled at moderate rates. WEBNKBDAI. APstIL, 3, 1889. Now that Forestry Commissioner Moore has placed a large quantity of shade trees at the disposal of the Board of Supervisors to be donated to parties living on the line of the projected boule vard to the sea, let there be a move all along tbe line to plant them out. This will be at least a beginning to the splen did drive out of this city so long talked about and so earnestly urged by tbe Herald. Next, let work be done on the road itself. Santa Barbara has com menced to build an eight-mile boulevard drive. It ought to be easy for Los An geles to build one only twice tbat length. Mr. J. De Barth £horb assures us that tbe experiments with bluestone and lime upon vines affected with the pre vailing disease— coulure, the French call it—have been very satisfactory. He says that he and the rest of the sub committee of the Viticultural Commis- Bioners are thoroughly convinced that the remedy is effective and will cure the disease. In this connection a suggestion has been made about vine cuttings for planting out. The wide-spread disease has rendered it imprudent to use cuttings frcm the vines of this section for that purpose, and as phylloxera exists among so many of tho northern vineyards, it is impossible to bring cuttiDgs from that section. A nota ble vigneron is of opinion that we should make use of cuttings from the wild vine which grows so luxuriantly in our ravines and cations. It is hardy and natural to our soil and climate, and would give ub a stock that would resist the ravages of disease, and upon which we could graft such varieties of grapes as we prefer. It is well known that tbe wild California vine has been largely planted in France and found to be a resistant to the rav ages of the phylloxera. We eheuld cer tainly u!ili«9 it. Mexico has boycotted American lard. We would like to reason with Mr. Blame before he declares war with our neighbor Bepublic on this momentous issue. We deny that the United States is exporting into Mexico American lard, Lard is no longer manufactured in this country. It has been superseded by a spurious article made out of cotton - seed oil and hog scraps. 'Such a thing as puce lard is only known to farmers who try it out themselves. But the "lard" of commerce is a sophis ticated and very probably a highly dele terious article. Because the enlightened people of the United States rest passive whilst this disgusting slush is forced down their own throats, that is no rea son why our neighbors, wiio are less enlightened, but better served by their Government, should, also be forced to swallow it. To be sure, Mr. Blame has a precedent for com pelling the Mexican people to to eat our spurious lard, even at the can non's mouth. Great Britain forced opium upon the Chinese by the aid of shot and shell. But this is not 1843. The world has moved since then, and whilst the people of the United States have to grin and bear Armour's porklees concoction, they are not going to spill their blood and waste their treasure in forcing ihe nasty stufi'upon their Mexican neighbors. So we would advise Mr. Blame to go slow. Let the cotton-seed fat men fight their own battles. Their Armour is less penetrable than ours. We are getting at facts in regard to tbe bill to quarantine Arizona cattle. Mr. Damron was right when he claimed that the bill failed to pass the House. The vote on its passage stood: ayes, 22 ; noes, 41. Notice of a motion to reconsider was made by Rennison, of Mon terey, but, when the time ar rived to put it, the mover failed to materialize, so the last chance to gal vanize the measure into life lapsed. Now the question arises, how did that bill get into the Governor's office properly at tested by the officers of the House as a constitutionally passed bill, and there receive the approval of the Executive, and to all outward appearances become law ? There have been some very strange and won derful doings in the Executive office j during the administration, and this is among the strangest. If Governor Borock and his subaltern, Waterman, have been carrying on a complete legislature of their own, and making laws without the aid of both Houses, the people ought to know it. The cattle quarantine bill was • deft nuisance tbat would have landed the price of beef to fabulous figures, and placed every small salary man in the State on vegetarian diet. It would have been a fat thing for the rich California cattlemen, but a mighty lean thing for the people. THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: WEDNESDAY MORNING. APRIL 3. 1889. Our Thirty-Second Volume. The Herald enters on its thirty-second volume to-day, and the sixteenth year of its existence. That is not a great news paper age in Eastern cities; but for Los Angeles it may be considered a some what lengthy career. During that time the city has witnessed great and re markable changes. In 1874 the business and wealth of the city was clustered around the court house, and embraced but a few blocks, mainly covered by one story adobe houses. Now the business of the city extends in all directions from that centre, and covers eeveral miles of blocks. The character of our business architecture has changed from adobe to the most elaborate and costly stone and brick buildings, and will compare favorably with the architecture of any city in the Union. Our residences are spread out for miles in all directions and are marked by beauty of design and costliness of fin ish, and generally are set in luxuriant garden spots. A population of five or six thousand has swelled to eighty or ninety thousand in those years, and the assessed value of two millions has grown to a valuation of thirty millions. The Herald has kept pace with the rapid growth of the city, and from a small quarto sheet with a few hundred subscribers, it has grown to be an eight-page paper with a circulation of many thousand copies. We have also kept pace with the news facili ties of the great dailies in other cities, and our columnB are now filled with in stant dispatches, giving in detail the news of every part of the world. What our city of to-day is to the Los Angeles of 1874, the Herald of to-day is to the little sheet which first saw the light of day fifteen years ago. We can only conjecture what the Herald will be when it has doubled its present age; but all may rest assured that its progress, in everything that goes to make a news paper in line with the times, will be commensurate with the progress of our city. The attention of the Supreme Court yeßterday morning was occupied by the argument in the case of the new city Charter. Mr. W. T. Baggett, a San Francisco lawyer, presented the matter. The judges very frequently interpolated counsel, and the indications are that the matter will be decided on broad constitu tional instead of technical grounds. It is to be hoped that the Supreme Court will handle this matter immediately, as the whole well-being of this community hinges upon the issue. The Legislature will not meet for two years, and unless wo are living under an organic law sub stantially solid, downright anarchy would seem to be imminent. The whole point upon which the validity of the new Charter is contested is the failure to ap prove it by bill. On the other hand, the explicit and "sure thing" language of the Constitution, is that the ap proval of the Senate and House enacts the hew ch»r. ter into lawful being. The Herald has alWays contended that many controverted points in the new Charter will have to be liti gated, and that the decision Will proba bly be against their validity. This 1b embarrasßing, but it is not absolutely anarchical and revolutionary. A decision against the validity of the Charter itself would, to use a phrase employed in dip lomatic circles, leave us with no modus vivendi. If the Freeholders were unwise enough to make an instrument which needs a good deal of judicial tinkering, the circumstance is unfortunate, but it can be remedied in the ordinary deci sions of the court. To leave Los Ange les, on the other hand, with absolutely no clearly indicated city govern ment would be disastrous. The rule of the majority, in democratic republican government, is a very whole some principle to go by; and, while not presuming to forecast its action, we be lieve that the Supreme Court will be largely influenced in its decision by the somewhat pronounced language of the Constitution of California and the dic tates of a wholesome common sense. The Herald is indebted to Hon. Stephen M. White for a copy of the brief, in tbe Supreme Court of the United States, entitled Chae Chan Ping, appellant, vs. the United States, appellees. The brief was prepared by a very distinguished array of counsel, in cluding Lieut.-Governor White himself, Hon. John F. Swift, recently appointed Minister to Japan, with the co-operation and approval of Hon. G. A. JohnsoD, Attorney-General of California. There can be no doubt, in cur judgment, that the California presentment of the matter will win. A great change has taken place in Eastern sentiment of late on the Chinese question, and the cause of Cau casian labor will undoubtedly be re spectfully considered, thus securing from the court of last resort in the United States tbe most liberal interpretation of laws intended by the lawmaking power to abate a great and growing evil. Public sentiment on such ques tions has a great and rightful influence. Thebe is a question of great import ance to teachers which is now agitating educational circles. It has been the rule heretofore in this city to consider the entire corps of teachers discharged at the I end of each school year. In other words [ the tenure of office with this class of pub ' lie employees is only for one year, bo that at the beginning of the next year the entire force is appointed de novo. As a general thing the same teachers have been reappointed to their old places, but the rule creates a feeling of insecurity, which, it is argued, operates to the disadvantage of our schools. For, the element of uncertainty, which bnters into the matter of re-elec tion, causes the best teachers to accept offers elsewhere, where permanency during good behavior and continued effic iency is secured. Perhaps our Board of Education might look into this matter, and if they find that the rule is hurtful in its tendency without accomplishing any public good, its abolishment would be advisable. Wk give elsewhere tho details of a very interesting interview with Mr. A. li. Chapman, a leading orange-grower oi this county. The scale is slowly losing its hold on our trees, and will perhaps naturally die out in the course of a few years. If wo had a sufficient supply of the Australian insect that preys upon the scale, we would soon rid our trees altogether of the pest. But the dif ficulty is to get this scale-enemy. The orange-growers thiuk that the Govern ment ought to furnish us with an ample supply. But why wait for the Govern ment to do what we should do ourselves. Why cannot the men who are so deeply interested in getting rid of the scale send to Australia themselves for the exter minating insect, and thus save time and avoid red-tape? We are assured that it can be had in unlimited quantities. The only druwback is that it must have scale bug* to feed upon in transitu, and the scale bug is getting scarce in Australia. We would have no difficulty in furnish ing the scale from here, bnt in doing so, we would be obliged to ship it on live trees; and that would be a serious piece of business. Perhaps our orange growers could meet the diffi culty by bringing the scale-enemy in carefully selected families so that they could be made to propagate their species here. If they could do that it would solve the problem. It is fortunate that the Courts have stepped in to stop the cutting through of First street hill to Olive street. A cut such as would have been made in the hill there would have ruined property in the vicinity, and worked a lasting injury to that neighborhood such as was done to Rincon Hill in San Francisco by the celebrated Second street cut. At one time the finest iesi dence property in that city was on the elevation south of Folsom street. It is now an eye-Bore and a blemish. The proposition to run a wide tunnel through First street hill has a double merit —it would be economical and would preserve the sym metry of the hill site. Besides the sur face ground on the street could be sold for enough to pay for the work. The tunnel might be carried through to Pearl street, and that would give the people west of the hill easy ingress to the business heart of the city. It is a great pity that Fort hill from one end to the other has been dis figured by rectilinear streets. Had it been originally terraced, and the streets been made to conform to its topography, it would have been made accessible by easy grades, and been preserved as a thing of picturesque beauty. Great reputations are often subject to sharp declensions. A druggist in Fresno county yesterday incontinently "punched" Judge David S. Terry, who was supposed to be Mars's lieutenant in California. From this we should be in clined to look for blood on the face of the ™oon. Judicious friends of this redoubt able gentleman Would advise him to col' lect himself. He can scarcely afford to give # Second chapter of "Bully Dawson, whipped by half the town, half the town whipped by Bully Dawson." The colored race not only fought nobly during the war, but it is fighting nobly now. The resolutions of the American citizens of African descent against the Los Angeles Times smack of the noblest days of chivalry. Our contemporary on the corner of First and Fort had better haul in ite horns or it will be impaled on the horns of a dilemma. The celebrated jewel in an Ethiop's ear spoken of by the poet has crystalized in these resolutions. THE SCALE BUG. How He Is Dtsappcarlue From the Land. A. B. Chapman, Esq., of San Gabriel, was in the city a few days ago. He said about the scale bug in the orange groves: No, lam not doing much to fight tbe scale excepting in the way of fertilizers. I am putting plenty of strength into tbe land, which will go into the trees and support them in spite of the ravages of the destroying parasite. Yes, I think the bug is disappearing. There are not so many as there were a year or two ago. But there are still enough of them to make a very formid able and a very dangerous enemy to this most prctitable of our industries. Thebeßt way to fight the scale is by means of the parasite tbat feeds on it. We know that this enemy of our enemy will destroy the latter. What we want now is to get plenty of this parasite. We are pretty wide awake in matters of agriculture, hut we are blind from an entomological point of view. Agriculture is all very well in dealing with this pest, but one open eye will not do. We must open our entomo logical eye in dealing with the eeale. It ie well known that the parasite will de stroy the scale, but at the present rate of propagating the insects it will be long before the scale is done away. We ought to have half a dozen skilled men at work in this State, and there should be two or three commiesioherß in Australia instead of one. These could study the habits of the scale and those of the antagonistic parasite and they could send them over here in large numbers, to be distributed in the orchards. If this were done vigorously, it would not require much time to rid us of the pest. Tbe Kalnbow Ilaznr. The Rainbow Bazar will open this evening at 7:30 in the Temperance Tem ple, with the following programme: Music Y. M. C. A. Orchestra The Weaving of the Halnbow. Fourteen Little Glrla Recitation , Miss Rosa Harben Vocal Solo .Mr.-. Dunham Mnslc Connor Orchestra Recitation Miss Julia Crawford Tsblesn Music Connor Orchestra The bazar is open and lunches will be served throughout the day to-morrow. A short address will be delivered by Mrs. Livermore in the evening. Flower and other contributions are earnestly so-1 licited. THE CHARTER. It Is Taken Into the Supreme Court MR. W. T. BAGMETTS ARGUMENT. A Crowed Courtroom Listens At tentively—The Matter Sub mitted on Briefs. The case of Brooks vs. Fisher, to re strain defendant from assessing plaint iff's property under the new Charter, which was brought for the purpose of asceriaining whether the Charter under which the city is working is in force and was legally approved by the Legislature, was argued before the Supreme Court yesterday. The case has attracte 1 con siderable attention, for it is stated that the legality of the charters of four cities approved in a similar manner by the lant Legislature, depends upon the decision of the Court upon the questions pre sented to the Court in the issues raised yesterday. The argument was set for 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon, and at that hour the courtroom in the Amestoy block was crowded to its ut most capacity. As early as half-past 1 o'clock the front seats were taken by a number of clerks and other employees of the city under tho old gov ernment. Then came a large number of policemen who have recently been "let out," and the remaining chairs were taken by lawyers and others who desired to hear what was said on both sides. The aisle and standing room was all occurtied when Chief Justice Beattie and Justices Works, McFarland, Thornton and Sharpstein entered and took their seats on the bench. The petitioner, J. Marion Brooks, occupied a seat beside his attorney, Mr. W. T. Baggett, and City Attorney McFarland represented Assessor Fisher. After a few preliminary matters had been disposed of, the Court announced that it was ready to hear argument in the case of Brooks vs. Fisher. Mr. Lee at this point entered with a telegram, which, he et sited to the Court, was a request from 8. D. Woods, of Stockton, for permission to tile briefs in the case, as the Charter of that city de pended on the decision of the Court. Chief Justice Beattie said tbat it might not be necessary for Stockton to tile a brief, but if the ease was submitted on briefs then btockton could hie its brief. City Attorney McFarland said that the respondent had not expected that the argument would go on at that time, and Mr. Chapman, who was associated with him, was not able to be in attendance, in consequence of which he would like to be given time to file a brief in the mat ter. Mr. Baggett could make ids argu ment, and then ho would file a brief in answer in about fifteen days. Chief Justice Beattie suggested that it might be well to wait until it would be found necessary to tile a brief in answer. The case might be decided in favor of the new Charter, and in that case Mr. McFarland might not want to file a brief. Mr. Baggett then commenced his ar gument, and said that by consent it had been agreed to put aside all trivial mat ters, with some exceptions. As a pre liminary, he submitted a copy of the old Charter and a copy of the new Char ter, and pointed out the laws bearing on the duty of tbe Assessorr An issue raised in answer to respondent, was that the Assessor was not a judicial officer. This point, he thought, was not well taker!/ lor it had been held that the val uation of property by the Assessor was a judicial act. The fact that the term of of- Jjce of the Assessor did net commence un til W x t WWjnot very important, besides, it was conceuetl lii *• "us*" that the Assessor was acting by vi." tu ' ° f a provision of the new Charter, whic'i 1 said tbat be should not take office until January next. He read a decision sus taining his point as to the duties of the Assessor being judicial, and the side j issue raised by the answer was as to the mode of assessing the property under the eld and new charters, . He had hoped that these side issues would be left out, for the people were anxious to know whether the Charter had been legally passed by the Legislature or not. The main question to be decided was important, and the rest were side issues. He then said that the new Charter had been ratified by the people by a majority of 700. It was then sent to the Legislature and was attempted to be submitted to them for approval, and the question was whether the action of the Legislature waß such aa to make the Charter the organic law of the city. It had been framed under that section of the Constitution, relative to the making of charters, which provided that, after being submitted to the people, it should be submitted to the Legislature for approval or rejection as a whole, and if approved it should become the Charter of the city. The question seemed to him to be what the Constitution meant when it said "submitted for approval." The Charter showed on its face that it was a Joint Resolution submitted to the Legislatuie. He then read the Joint Resolution, leaving out only the Charter part, and said that this was the manner in which the Charter was approved. The heading was "Senate Joint Resolution No. 2. Joint Resolution approving the Charter of the city of Los Angeles, in Los Angeles county, California, voted for and ratified by the qualified electors of said city at a special election held therein for that purpose, on the 20th day of Octo ber, 1888." " Whereas, The city of Los Angeles, etc." This was signed as follows: "Passed the Senate, January 23, A. D. 1880. Geo. W. Peckham,Secretary of Senate, l'aesed the ABEembly, January 23, A. D. 1889. Ed. E. Leake, Clerk of the Assembly, and this bill was received by the Gover nor this 31st day of January, A. D. 1889, M. D. Boruck, Private Secretary of the Governor." The question before the court is now what is meant by the expression "sub mitted to the Legislature for its ap proval," and whether the manner in which it was approved was correct. Chief Justice Beattie —'' You admit that it passed the Legislature as a joint reso lution." Mr. Baggett replied tbat he did admit that the Charter was approved, if ap proved at all, by a joint resolution, but that was just the point. He did not think that it could be approved by a joint resolution. Justice Works said he understood that Mr. Baggett claimed that the approval must be in the form of a bill. Mr. Baggett said tbat was what he did claim. The Constitution said that all laws must be passed by bill and he con tended that the Legislature could do nothing except by bill. A joint resolu tion was not a bill and conse quently tho Charter had not been aj - proved. By looking over the coostitu tion of the Btate.it would b3 found that it said : "Tho Legislature must do this' and "tbe Legislature must do tbat," but it meant that it must be done by a bill, which must be signed by the Governor. The Governor of the Stale is a part of the law-making power, and all bills must be submitted to him. The Charter was not submitted to him and consequently it did not go before the whole Legisla ture. The constitution provided that no law could be passed, and the Charter was a law, except by bill, which must he read three separate times in each House. On the other hand, it was claimed that the action of the two Houses of the Legislature would be suf ficient, and it might be concluded that the phrase, "Approved by the Legisla ture" meant only what it said and nothing more. In support of his position he read the sections of the Constitution re lating to the, powers of the Legislature, and he thought that the provisions there in contained were similar to that in ro iation to the approval of charters. The provision, "And if afterward by a ma jority vote of each House," was substan tially the tarn! language used in relation to all laws. In answer to a question by Ihe Court as to whether the language was the same, he replied tbat it was not exactly so, but that, in hia opinion, the intent was the same. The Bection in reference to tho approval of charters did not attempt to confer the power of approving en each House, and, in his opinion, it oniy meant to state how many in each house were required to be present. The term "Legislature" meant, accord ing to his belief, the law-making power of tbe State, and it was used all through the Constitution in this sense. Thia did not mean that the Legislature could do all it was empowered to do by concurrent resolution, and the question then was, "Is this action of the Legislature a law? If it is, then it must be a bill." It was an attempt of the Legislature to make a law by a Concurrent Resolution, without the approval of the Governor, notwith standing the provision which makes it mandatory that every law must be a bill and every bill must be signed by the Governor. Mr. Baggett then went into the history of the framing of that part of the Consti tution relative to charters, and said that as first prepared by Judge Hager at the Constitutional Convention, it provided that cities could make char ters of their own without submitting (hem to tue Legislature, but this was objected to and an amendment was made. The purpose of this amendment was to subject the Charter to the law making power of the State. Justice Thornton —"The provision in this section of the Constitution is differ erent from the others, is it not? This is a special power given to tbe Legislature, is it not ?" Mr. Baggett replied that it was, but he held tbat the word Legislature meant the law-making power and included the Governor. The Charter should have gone before him in the shape of a bill. Justice Thornton wanted to know why the Charter should have been passed by a bill. "The Legislature could not amend it. It could not change it. Is that a bill ?" Mr. Baggett said that the question was whether the word Legislature did not mean the law-making power." Justice Thornton-"But the Constitu tion Bays that if two-th ; rdeof both houses approves it, it shall become a law. That does not seem to mean the Legislature in the sen'e of the law-making power." Mr. Baggett, in reply, read that section of the Constitution providing for the passage of a bill by a majority of both houses. Chief Justics Beattie: "Read further, and it says the bill must go to the Gov ernor. The provision about the approval of Charters does not say that." Mr. Baggett argued that the provision in question simply declared what major ity waa required. Ho then read a de cision In a case in Illinois in which, a law was attempted to have been made by a joint resolution, and which the flourt held could not be done under the Constitution. Justice McFfTanld said that there was j ngthtnff tb that case which covered this Case, "That joint resolution was passed under the general provisions of the Con stitution. This joint resolution was passed under a special provision of the Constitutior—Certainly the legislature means the Senate and the As- Bem 1 ly. It seemß to me that this section specially provides that the word legisla ture here is used in other portions of the Constitution." Mr. Baggett said that the Court should consider another point. The sec tion under which the Charter was framed provides that it must conform to the Constitution and general laws of the State, and the City Attorney has said that be is going to work under the gen eral Btreet law, that that part of the Charter with reference to the streets is not good. Justice Thornton —"How does the street law affect this case?" Mr. Baggett replied that if one part of the Charter was inoperative the whole was invalid because it had been made a law in opposition to general laws. It mght be found on going over it that one half of it was in opposition to the general laws and in that case general laws would pre vail, but this would not be what the peo ple voted for. Justice Thornton—But Mr. Baggett do you want us to go over all the Charter, and point out the unconstitutionalities? Mr. Baggett—lt is important that these points should be decided. The point is serious, and, I thought, germane to the question. Justics Thornton—But we don't sithere to decide points. We sit here to decide casea. Mr. Baggett held that it was important that the Charter eheuld be in conformity with the general laws. "This Charter is not so, and the question is, can it exist V" Justice McFarland—This same ques tion would arise, would it not, if it had been passed by tbe Legislature in the shape of a bill, and afterwards signed by the Governor. Mr. Baggett replied that it would, and Justice Thornton said the Court could not pass upon anything not included in the records. City Attorney McFarland said that he did not care to make an argument. He would submit a brief in reply to what Mr. Baggett had said. The Court granted him ten days in which to file a brief, and Mr. Baggett was granted permission to tile a brief during the same time, then each will have five days in which to answer. The case was then submitted, together with the petition for a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of August Strand, sen tenced by Police Judge Stanton, in which the validity of the Charter is questioned. Worth deigned to copy one of Mrs. Miller's dresses. TINTS at Foy's huneM onop, 217LosAngelee street. H:emony king of herb*. 143 K. First street Beecham'a Pills cure bilious and nervous ills. COLLIS P. HUNGTINGTON. His Cordial Appreciation of California. "FEW RIVALS, ANBNOSUPEKIOR." The Only Thing- Necessary is to Have its Merits Made Known. State Arid Lands. [Associated Press Dlsnatcbes to tbe Herald.l San Fiuncihco, April 2.—lt is probab'e that the rooms of the State Board of Trade never held so many people before as it did this afternoon. A number of delegates from the different counties of the State were present. The rooms were handsomely decorated. After preliminary remarks, A. F. Hatch, presiding officer, introduced CP. Huntington, who delivered an address in relation to what the railroads will do to bring people to this State. He said there ia no divided council in any of the companies in which he is a director. They are for low fares, but the other roads have to be consolidated. Califor nia has secured in all cases the lowest in all cases the lowest fares that the other lines would agree to. California lines can do no more" in the future than in tho past unless the price of labor is reduced. Continuing, he said: "The soil of Cal ifornia is not excelled by that of any country, and equalled by few. Let the people of the world understand that the United States stands in the front rank in protecting the rights of all men and that California leads all the sister States, and good people will come here from the four«qtiarterH of the earth, un til there is no more room for them. State Engineer Hill addressed the Board on the subject of the irrigation ol the arid lands, and gave an ontline of what is being done to reclaim them. He commented on the fact that the repre sentatives of Nevada, New Mexico and the Western Territories have been ur gent iv claiming a part of the $350,000 Congressional appropriation, and the services of the assigned engineers, but that California had done very little. He urged the need of the State Board, or some other body, taking the matter up. Vice-President Mills stated that he had called the attention of the Geological Survey to the needs of California in the matter of irrigation, and that on March 24th Mr. Huntington had sent dispatches to Major Powell, of the Survey, and to Senator Stewart, setting forth the needs of the mountainous region of the west side of the San Joaquin Valley, which, it wtE said, was of little or no value, owing to lack of water. General Chipman offered resolutions which were adopted request ing the California delegation in Congress to exert its influence toward secur ing complete examination of the State with reference to a general system of irrigation, and the selection of some person thoroughly familiar with the topographical resources and needs of the State to represent the region west of the Rocky Mountains and conduct tho sur vey of that region. Cadwalader, of San Jose, presented a memorial adopted by the Santa Clara Board of Trade, calling for a material re duction in overland freight rates on fruits. Weinstock, of Sacramento, argued that unless lower rates could be secured it was a mere waste of time for people go into fruit-raising. General Chipman and Mr. Mills expressed the belief that no other section could ever rival California's fruit-raising capabilities and these advantages must assert them selves, rendering the adjustment of transportation matters easy in time. He Carves the Destroyer of His. Peace In Pieces. Tbxarkana, April 2. —A farmer named W. Wilkins, who lives near Marshal, Texas, was called away two weeks ago [rom his home, atd on his return found that a man in his employ named Sutton and his wife had decamped. He started on a search for them, and located them near Texarkana. The wronged husband dashed into the room where they were, brandishing a huge knife, with which he attacked the destroyer of his home .and literally cut him to pieces. Wilkins escaped. Another Opium Seizure. San Fbancisco, April 2.—The Cus tom House officers this morning seized 2.224 five-teal boxes of opium, valued at $15,568, which had been smuggled. The drug was found concealed unaer a pile of fat in tbe soap and candle factory conducted by Richard Ahlf in South San Francisco. Ahlf and H. Gaeb/lez, a sa loon-keeper at the mail dock, were arrested and held by Judge Sawyer in $2,000 bonds. It is thought that the opium was lowered from the China steamer into the water and taken to the candle factory. Other arrests are ex pected to follow. A Jap Reception. Washington, April 2.—The President, gave a special reception at the WltAe* House this evening, in honor of Prinoe and Princess Takehaiti of Japan. The President was assisted in receiving by Mrs. Harrison, Mrs. McK.ee and the ladies of the Cabinet, The parlors were profusely decorated. Secretary Blame introduced the members of the diplo matic corps, and Colonel Wilson made the other presentations. The marine band . played a number of mns'cal selec tions, including several Japanese na tional airs. The umalia Murder Gate. Omaha, April 2.—The case of tho State against Elizabeth Beechler, charged with the murder of Harry W. King, Jr., in this city in November last, was called to-day. A large crowd, among whom was a number of ladies, was in attend ance. The day was consumed in the effort to secure a jury, which was accom-' plished when the court adjourned this afternoon. Didn't Keep Up Hie L,ick. Washington, April 2. —Jacob H. Din nick, Postage Stamp Agent at New York City, has been removed for neglect of his official duties. Lord "Randy" Don't Hunt It. London, April 2.—Lord Randolph Churchill has declined to return to be come a candidate for the vacant Parlia mentary seat in Birmingham. Waller to be Banqueted. London, April 2.—A banquet will be given at the Hotel Metropole, on May 2d, in honor of Waller, the retiring United States Consul-General. The Home Rule Contestant. London, April 2.—William Pbipson,. Home Ruler, will contest the seat in tbe Commons made vacant by the death of John Bright.