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Los Angeles daily herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1884-1890, April 23, 1889, Image 4

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daily io:raL]l__
err * orriciAE, paper.
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aeoond-claaa matter. I
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Local Corbbspondbncb Irom adjacent townt
specially solicited.
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Orncß or Publication, 123-5 West Becond
street, between Spring and Fort. Los Angelea.
notice to mall subscribers.
The papers of all delinquent mall subscribers
to the Los Angeles Daily Hbbald will be
promptly discontinued hereafter. No papers
will be tent to subscribers by mail unless the
same hare been paid for In advance. This rule
ta Inflexible. avbes A Lynch.
our greatly increased facilities we are prepared
to execute all kinds of Job work in a superior
manner. Special attention will be tfven to
commercial and legal printing, and all orders
will be promptly tilled at moderate rates.
TDEHDAV, APHIs, 23. 1889.
Waterman's Opportunity.
The selection of San Bernardino county
in which to locate the new Insane Asy
lum will give a wide scope of territory
from which to choose a suitable site for
the new institution. Territorially, San
Bernardino county is nearly as large as
the whole State of AVest Virginia; two
and a half times larger than New Jersey;
twice as large as New Hampshire; as
large as the States of Massachusetts,
Maryland and Delaware together; and
half as large as the State of New York.
It mast be apparent to people abroad
that San Bernardino offers an ample
field to hold the insane, not only of this
State, but of the whole Union. The
most distinguished alienists hold that
no individual is so mentally per
fect that he has not a touch
of lunacy on some particular point.
Should this idea be elaborated,
and all sorts and degrees of insanity in
the United States seek asylum in South
ern California, it would not be for lack
of territory that the new institution
could not be made large enough to hold
them. San Bernardino has many locali
ties that are well suited for an asylum.
Nothing could be more salubrious than
her mountains. By the way, Governor
Waterman's old home near Arrowhead
Springs would make a most excellent site
for the new asylum. It has natural me
dicinal springs cf great curative value,
and bosky gulches where the pure water
of the mountains ripples along peren
nially. It would indeed be an obdurate
case of insanity that would not yield to
to the hygienic virtues of the Waterman
springs and their surroundings. As the
Governor is immensely rich, and has
a net income of over $500 a day from
only one of his mines, it would be tbe
neat thing for him to do to donate three
or four hundred acres of his home ranch
to the State. Besides, he will want an
Insane Asylum handy to his home when
he retires to private life. It is not to be
expected that a man who has spent lour
years in wrestling with the lunacies of
Boruck and Maslin can break off sud
denly from such associations with im
punity. He trill want to taper off gradu
ally, as the heavy drinkers have to do,
and the proximity of an Insane Asylum
wonld be the exact thing suited to his
case. Let us hope tbat, for his own sake
and for the sake of the State, he will
present the Commissioners with the re
quired site.
Yesterday's Tribune contained a long
and rambling account of the remarkable
sagacity shewn ty General Vandever in
advocating a proposition to pay Mexico
$20,000,000 for Lower California. Sagac
ity of that kind would soon leave the
National Treasury bankrupt, and the
United States with a reputation
which would invite the presence
of the international fool-killer. The
Tribune has a perfect right to indulge in
adulation of the Congressman of the
Sixth District, if it likes to do so. That
is an affair between itself and its readers.
It has no right, however, to in
dulge in downright misstatements
about tbat specially worthless region
known as Lower California. It
has entered with zeal into the
business of playing "capper" for a
lot of unscrupulous speculators who find
it very dificult to make ends meet. In
describing Lower California as substan
tially like Los Angeles county and the
rest of tbe eligible portions of Southern
California, a great injustice is done to
this section, la effect, it is being stabbed
in the back by a j jurnal which ought to
stand by it. Those Easterners and
foreigners who have seen Lower Cali
fornia, and whose acquaintance with
the southern portion of Alta California
is confined to riding over its desert parts,
will, if they accept the Tribune'n ac
counts of the country in which it is pub
lished, as true, dismiss the whole south
western end of the United States as good
for nothing. The sagacity involved in
proposing to give $20,00d,000 for an al
most worthless territory, is hard to iden
tify by any such emollient name. The stal
wart old General undoubtedly played
his cards on a bluff, aud as a very shrewd
device for tickling his San Diego constit
uents without much expenditure of labor
or the gray matter of the brain. When
the Tribune says that Vandever's pro
posal was generally approved of by the
Eastern press, it says what is most
exactly not tho truth, the sentiment
being almost universal in the Eastern
States that the proposition ought on no
account to be entertained, journalistic
opinion leaning very generally to the
idea that the movement was a thin cloak
for an attempt to resuscitate the spirit of
Gen. William Walker and his filibuster
projects. Our esteemed contemporary
should for a while indulge in daily les
sons of telliag tbe truth, co that in the
future the practice may be leas difficult.
City Aseesentent Thla Year.
The new charter provides for a one
dollar limit as the tax-rate on every one
hundred dollars of assessed property.
But this limit is exclusive of the money
necessary to redeem outstanding- bonds
falling dne. The City Council yesterday
determined that nine cents on the $100
would cover the bonds, so that the rate
will be $1.09 on the $100. The rate last
year was $1.50 on the $100. The total
assessed valuation reached $39,479,172,
which produced $563,999.39. Tbe Coun
cil has determined that the expenses can
be cut down to $545,000, which will re
quire the City Assessor, at the reduced
rate, to raise the valuation to $50,000,000.
The following table will show the tax
levies for the past three years:
Valuation. Rate. Prodnreri.
1887-8 822,875,338 *1 30 93G1.4. r >o 98
}22i_3 39 470172 150 563.9H9 :t!>
iBB9-o:::::.50:000,060 109 545,00000
If the Council expects to carry on the
city government this year for less than it
cost last year, they will have to exhibit a
greater regard for economy than they
have so far shown. The multiplication
of offices, together with the increase of
standard salaries provided for in the new
Charter, will be apt to deplete the treas
ury long before the year has expired. The
people will be glad to see the commence
ment of the retrenchment which tbe
Council contemplates in order to bring the
expenses within the dollar limit, even
with the increase of the tax roll ten and
a half millions.
It is remarkable how good naturedand
indulgent the Republican press can be
when it comes to the peculiar perfor
mances of Republican office-holders, es
pecially members of the cabinet. This
illustrates the old saw, that it makes a
great deal of difference whose ox is
gored. Thus, our esteemed confreres of
the Republican press guild, have noth
ing to say about the peculiar procedure
of a judge of their own party in Indians
concerning the attempt to prosecute tbe
"blocks of five" scoundrel?, headed by
Dudley. They looked approvingly on
when Wanamaker raised his $400,000
corruption fund for the election of Harri
son, and the President, thus elected,
seems to be conveniently oblivious of
any turpitude hiugeing upon the name of
the pious Wanamaker, as the grand
son of Tippecanoe appointed that god
like clothier to a position in his
Cabinet. The Republican press stom
ached these somewhat abnormal, nay,
even sensational, Republican departures,
with all the ease with which they swal
lowed without gulping the "addition,
division and silence" letter of Kemble,
the Pennsylvania pardon-brcker, about
his friend, Titian J. Coffey. The latest
development, in which the Philadelphia
clothing house of Wanamaker & Brc>wn
are seeking to use the United States
Postoffice for the extension of the busi
ness of that firm, don't seem to shock
them a bit. It is true that Wanamaker
is Postmaster-General,but he has retired
from the firm, and the Wanamaker in
question is simply his brother. Delicate
distinctions founded upon relationship
count for nothing with the present exem
plars of the great party of "moral ideas."
If, however, while Vilas was Post-
master-General, there had been a firm of
Vilas & Smith running a clothing house
ont in Wisconsin, and prostituting the
Postoffice Department with the view of
increasing its business, how resonant and
unceasing and musical would have been
the Republican howls at the infamy of
Cleveland's administration! Yea! verily.
Dot and carry one. Hide not your light
under a bushel, and do your good acts in
secret, so that nobody shall see you, in
order that the Lord, who seeth in secret,
shall reward you. Sancho Panza could
have supplied a few mors appropriate
texts for this Republican appreciation of
what is now going on in this bleste.]
nation, but for the present we have run
out of them.
The State Medical Society, at its late
session in San Francisco, was kind to
Los Angeles. It selected Dr. Walter
Lindley to pretide over its councils, and
chose our city as the place for holding
its next annual session. As this society
is largely attended by members of the
medical profession from all parts of the
State, it forms a very large and select
body of very intelligent gentlemen when
it gets together. We would be glad to
have all the State organizations pay us
a visit. There exists a great deal
of ignorance in the North in
regard to the exact condition of affairs
in Los Angeles. Some otherwise well
informed gentlemen at the Medical Soci
ety's Convention were honestly impressed
with the idea that Los Angeles was a
city of only about 25,000 inhabitants!
Ignorance of this unspeakable density
will be readily dissipated by a visit to
our busy and populous city. Our neigh
bors in the northern counties are very
much in want of a little kindergarten in
struction on the subject of Southern Cali
fornia and its commercial metropolis.
A great deal of interest centers ou the
approaching prize-fight between Profes
sor Jackson, the colored champion of
Australia, and Patsy Cardiff. This has not
so much a pugilistic as a physiological
interest with intelligent people. There
have been white pugilists who have had
infinitely more force and aaility than the
Professor, and who, in a scrapping match
and general rough and tumble, could do
him up while you could say Jack Robin
son, so to speak. But the gentlemen of
African descent have two very marked
peculiarities. One is the length of their
tibia, which leaves their shins very weak,
and the other is the admirable hardness
of their skulls. Their occiputs being at {
least four times as thick as those of the
Caucasian, a blow upon them is equiva
lent to smashing tbe Caucasian fiat'
upon a rock of flint, while the compara-j
tive thinness of tbe white man's skull,
particularly about tbe temples, makes a
blow in that region specially dangerous.
To a man of brains, with the slender and
delicate environment of the organ of
thought, a square blow from a fist like
Sullivan's would mean instant death.
Fortunately, professional pugilists are
not celebrated for tin abnormal cerebral
development, and even the white pugs
can stand a good deal of rough usage on
the dome of thought. Unless Patsy,
therefore, is unusually hard of fiat, alert
of body and obdurate of head, it is
pretty saie to assume that the suave col
ored professor from Australia will do him
up Friday next. If the conditions of the
combat were so altered from the Marquis
of Queensberry or London Prize Ring
Rules as to admit of a Cornish "purring"
match, in'which the respective hardness
cf shins should be the standard which
would determine the result, Cardiff
would be a rushing favorite. As it is,
the odds are heavily against him. Skull
against skull, the African will come out
ahead every time. Shin against shin the
odds would be five to one in favor of the
Caucasian brute.
The great Labor Exchange "fake" was
knocked out by the City Fathers yester
day, the casting vote of President Fran
kenfield giving it the coup de grace.
What is wanted in this city is the fur
therance of public works of unquestioned
public utility, which will give employ
ment to deserving workingmen, and not
a bourse on which chin music will be the
principal staple of exchange. The Coun
cil has shown a horse sense which the
people will endorse.
Thru was but a single bid for the city
moneys at the meeting of the Council
yesterday, tbat of the Los Angeles Sav
ings Bank, which bid ' 4 of one per cent,
a month, or three per cent, a year.
This is on the basis of daily balances.
As this was the only bid, the Finance
Committee, to which it was referred,
will doubtless repot t in favor of its
The Council yesterday extended for
six months the time in which the Los
Angeles Cable Company shall complete
their system. This action was a proper
one. The system is vast and
beneficial, and employment for the
summer is thus assured to a
large number of workingmon. The
cable system which the Chicago capital
ists are building in Los Angeles is one of
the half dozen largest in the world.
An Important Factor in Her
We neglected to notice last week tbat
the Los Angeles Hkrald had entered
upon the sixteenth year of its existence.
The Herald has been an important fac
tor in the growth of Los Angeles, city
and county. It has kept pace with the
marvelous growth of Southern Califor
nia, and promises to keep up its lick in
the future. At the present time the ed
itorials are exceptionally good—chaste in
diction, timely in comment, and able
in the sweep and manner of treatment.
The Outlook extends its kindly greeting
to this pioneer journal that has done yos
man service for this end of the State,and
expresses the hope that its future jour
nalistic career may be such as to deserve
even a greater measure of success.
—[Santa Monica Outlook.
An Alimony Caic.
In the Billam vs. Billam case in De
partment No. 5 of the Superior Court
yesterday, a motion to set aside the or
der for allowing alimony of $40 a month
was granted on the ground that the
amount was excessive. The defendant
in the suit, who is Wm. Billam, the hus
band,alleges that, as be only earns about
$40 a month, he cannot pay such a sum
to his wife. He declares that he left his
wife because she subjected him to a
number of petty annoyances, and that
she compelled him to support her grown
up son by a former marriage.
Preparing for Summer.
The Union Ice Company is making
great improvements in its plants in
Southern California, owing to the belief
of its managers that the coming summer
will be very warm. On Alameda and
First streets they have made additions to
their storage house and have expended
about $3,000 so far. At Pasadena the
Company has built a new ice house and
Btablea, and at San Bernardino and Santa
Ana like improvements have been made.
About $10,000 in all has been expended
in Soutbern California during the last six
Miss Carrie Ernst, a well known Los
Angeles lady, was married yesterday at
San Francisco to Thomas Rutledge, of
Santa Rosa. The wedding took place in
the morning in the presence of only inti
mate friends. An elegant wedding
breakfast followed the ceremony and the
happy couple left on the afternoon train
for the Hotel Del Monte, where they
will spend their honeymoon.
Collector Hager's "Conge"
San Francisco, April 22. —Collector of
Customs John S. Hager this morning
received an official letter from the acting
Secretary of the Treasury, notifying him
that President Harrison had accepted his
resignation, to take effect as soon as his
successor, Timothy G. Phelps, could
Prohibition Beaten.
Boston, April 22.—One hundred and
fifty-eight cities and towns, outside of
Boston, shows a total vote on the con
stitutional amendment; yeas, 43,354;
nays, 55,328. The amendment is defeated
by from 35,000 to 40,000.
A Pioneer Editor Dead.
Sacramento, April 22. — Konradt
Frederic Freimeier, editor of the Sacra
mento Journal, died this afternoon of
dropsy. The deceased has been a resi
dent of Sacramento for a quarter of a
Verdict of Acquittal.
S lata Barbara, April 22 —In the cose
of the People against F. A. Blake, ac
cused of embezzling $3,000 in the Bale of
the Knglenook property, the jury this
evening returned a verdict of acquittal.
John Swift's Send.oil
San Francisco, April 22. —John F.
'Swift, Minister to Japan, was banquetted
llast evening in San Francisco, by the
[ Chamber of Commerce, previous to his
[departure for the land of the Mikado.
Joaquin Walks Out.
Sacramento, April 22. —Joaquin Mil
iler to-day returned bis commission as
'one cf the Forestry Commissioneis of
the State to th| Secretary of State.*
Two miner* Drowned.
Victoria, B. 8., April 22.—While two
miners were out sailing in Nanaino har
bor on Sunday afternoon, their boat cap
sized and both were drowned.
A Headlong Rush Into 'the
Rainbow Land."
Indications that the Settlement will
be Quite Peaceable—Scenes
and Incidents.
I Associated Prcas Dispatches to the Herald. 1
St. Louis, April 22.—Special dispatches
from Oklahoma say everything was on
the gui rive to make the grand rush
across the line at noon. Large sums are
being paid for swift horses, that pur
chasers may reach choice sites tirst.
There is as much as, if not more, strug
gling for townsites than for sections. It
is said that three or four town companies
are going for Guthrie, half that numb, r
for Oklahoma City, about twenty for
Kingfisher, while there are applicants
for sites on almost every section. The
trouble between the townsite companies
promises to be as dangerous as among
the claim hunters. Bold schemes have
been concocted. It is evident there is
not room enough for them in Oklahoma.
Capitalists of San Francisco have seat
an agent, George W. Perkins, to rind a
site for a town which they will build and
call 'Frisco. Perkins and party stood
upon the rear platform after leaving Pur
cell. Just after the Canadian river was
crossed, they leaped off and concealed
themselves in the bushes. The chances
are that the location of 'Frisco will be
near this bridge. Troops are being as
rapidly as possible sent into the country.
There are in its borders fourteen compa
nies of infantry and twenty troops of
Last night there arrived at Oklahoma
City seven men, bearing Deputy Mar
shals' papers entitling them to enter tha
country. One man, aged 20, wore a fine
broadcloth suit, and carried a gold
headed cane. There is not one in tbe
party who ever made an arrest. It is
stated that the aggregate capital of the
crowd is over $2,000,000. The evident
intention is to select a townsite. It is
thought there are over thirty "deputies"
now in and about Oklahoma, who, at
noon, will turn in their resignations and
accept tham all by themselves and turn
private citizens, then bounce claims, for
all of them are boomers.
Sworn bands have been formed that
those who are left out will make a united
rush and occupy the Cherokee strip, hop
ing to get so many on it that the Govern
ment will not think it wise to drive
them oil.
dangerous fording.
Arkansas City. April 22.—Compara
tively few of the "boomers'" wagons and
men reached the Oklahoma line until
last night, and this morning Salt Creek,
which winds through the strip, and on
the banks of which the Ponca reservation
is situated, caused the settlers much de
lay. The rains bad made it so high
that fording was dangerous, and only a
few were foolhardy enough to venture it.
Friday morning fully 700 wagons wanted
to go across. A woman und two children
and a number of cattle were drowned at
the ford.
pouring over the line.
Captain Hayes and his troops got to
the Oklahoma border this morning. A
careful estimate by a reporter who was
on the border last night is that within
a radius of five miles from tbe border
entrance on the Ponca trail fully 500
men were at least a mile over the line.
Wire fences divide the Strip from Okla
homa. The men did not know the fence
was the dividing line, or, if they did,
heeded it not. No soldiers were there to
dispute their entrance or tell where the
line was. Without let or hindrance a
great number of people went into Okla
homa as early as Saturday night. A
cattleman at Red Rock said last night
that, as he came through Oklahoma from
Galveston, he counted over 100 men in
the bushes along through Oklahoma.
the trains loaded down.
The crowd at the depot is larger than
expected. Four trains with ten coaches
each stood ready for the start. Crowds
of people walked up and down on the
tops of the cars. The moment the doors
were thrown open the cars were filled.
It is estimated that 5,000 were at the
depot awaiting transportation before the
train started. The town is almost de
serted. Many women are among the
Guthrie boomers.
At 8:45, when the first train pulled
out, many freight trains had been sup
plied with seats, to follow later. At St.
Louis and San Francisco crossing, where
a stay was necessary, people besieged
the first train, but the guards kept
them off.
New York, April 22. —Gen. McCook
says the danger in Oklahoma is not that
there will be a conflict between the troops
and boomers, but between the boomers
and the Indians.
Newton, Kan., April 22.—Three train
loads for Oklahoma left this morning,
including capitalists, who will open a
bonk and stores at Guthrie.
Wichita, Kan., April 22.—Three train
loads of boomers, numbering 1,500, left
for Oklahoma this morning over the
Santa Fe. A large number also left by
the Rock Island. Another call has been
wired for every passenger car of the
Santa Fe not in use. An extra will be
made up of cattle cars. It will be night
before tbe last train reaches Guthrie.
The number going from all the towns of
Southern Kansas is far greater than
anticipated. Many hundreds go down
merely to see the scramble, with no idea
of remaining. It is believed the stage
line at Pend Creek, on the Rock Island,
will be totally unable to accommodate the
St. Louis, April 22.—The Republic's
Arkansas City special says: Oklahoma
is oi en. The trials, struggles and sacri
fices of years are partially rewarded, bat
the events of to-day and those of days,
weeks and months to follow, will prove
how far the supply is below the demand
and necessitate further concessions to
aveit disorder, bloodshed and other
conditions, but little short of
anarchy. The history of this day
will forever be memorial in frontier an
nals, and will leave behind a heritage of
litigation which will be fruitful to land
sharks and claim attorneys, but destruc
tive to the claims of poor and honest
The Santa Fe began running its sec
tional trains out of Kansas City last
night picking up cars at almost'every
station along tbe route. Hundreds of
people were waiting at every depot, and
the earn, all of which were filled before
the border line was reached, could they
have been coupled, would have made a
train miles in length.
The strip was reached and it was
greeted with a cheer which rolled from
the news car in front to the rustlers'
caboose behind. It marked their de
parture from State government toward a
country where a government is yet to be
established. Still the Cherokee country
lay between them and the Rainbow
Along the Pawnee trail the train also
passed caravans of boomers' wagons,
many of them going south, but some re
turning toward Kansas.
Between Willow Springs and the
Poncha Agency, somebody in the news
paper car discovered a man riding on the
truck beneath the coach. When the
train stopped at Poncha, the adventurous
boomer on wheels was taken up into the
car and elected an honorary member of
the Press Association. Me gave his
name as Harvey Sadler, and said he
was born in England, but had been in
this country for nine years, and had
come all the way from Seattle, W. T., to
get a foothold in Oklahoma. He was
elected as representative of the London
Times, and also as the mascot of the
new city of Guthrie.
At the last station outside of the Okla
homa territory there was a great crowd
of the boomers, who had forsaken their
teams and hoped to get in quicker by
rait. Tuere being no room inside, they
climbed on top of the coaches, and the
entire train from one end to the other
was lined with ihem. In this way the
line was reached about 5 minutes after
12 o'clock.
Before the late dead-line was reached
and passed, however, a great tro.nßfor
mation scene had begun, and was plainly
visible to the watchers from the train.
First came in view white topped wagons
gathered together in groups on the level
prairie, or in the litte valleys which di
versify the face of the country. It was at
once noticeable that teams were not to be
seen in any of these camps, and it was
plain that they had been taken out of
their harness to be ridden across the
border by hard riders, who were to
ocate claims.
A little further on, and this conclusion
proved to be the correct one, for the en
tire face of the country, as far as the best
field glass could carry the eight, was
overrun with horsemen galloping to tbe
southward. The fleetest horses had evi
dently been picked for the work, and
they were carrying their riders rapidly to
the loDged-for goal. Rides of fifteen or
twenty miles were made in incredibly
short time by old boomers who were
familicr with the country, and who knew
where the desirable lands were located.
The day was cloudless, and far away on
the horizon, both to the east and weßt,
clouds of dust cculd be seen ascending
from the hoofs of hundreds of horses,
rushing towards different destinations,
in most cases, but some of them towards
the same.
One race for a goal could be easily dis
tinguished. The riders were apparently
evenly mounted. They rode neck and
neck for a mile or two along the trail as
far as they could be seen, and their cage
and intense looks and merciless lashingr
were sufficient evidence of the prize they
were running after.
One saddled but riderless horse was
seen galloping rlong the trail, an ominous
sign of some accident or fatality which
had befallen the rider. Some went with
charge cf horses aud were evidently
riding relays toward the goal. Out of
the dust which arose toward the east
could be seen, after the train had reached
the summit of a high ridge, a wagon cara
van which was fully two miles in length
and which was being sped to the tit most
speed of its horses. These caravans
were plainly out-distanced by the horse
back riders, and the crowds were com
posed of speculators, adventurers, sight
seers, thieves, etc.
The farming element was not largely
represented, as all of the homesteaders
have gone on before. There were men
in the cars from every great city and
important point in the country, and there
was no State or Territory in the country
which did not have its representatives.
The newspaper coach was the first out
of Kansas City. It contained represen
tatives of all the leading newspapers in
the country who were compelled to yield
their room and comfort for the good of
the cause. At Arkansas City there were
over seventy-five coaches sidetracked in
the yards awaiting the rush. All of
these* were lowered into the yards some
distance b<?low the depot. The crowd
began gathering on the platform two
hours before daylight, and long be
fore the first faint streak of the dawn of
the fateful day, the city was awake and
stirring. Thustreets presented a lively
and picturesque appearance.
Hundreds, in their impatience to get
aboard, rushed down en masse into tbe
yards and attempted to force an entrance
into the cars, all of which were securely
locked. The excitement may be judged
of from the fact that a large number of
coach windows were broken out by people
who were anxious to secure seats. It was
in vain for the officials to say that the
trains would run in sections, fifteen min
utes apart. Every man there wanted to
be fifteen minutes ahead of everybody
else, and not fifteen minutes behind any
body. The first section made up con
sisted of nine coaches, the newspjper
coach and one caboose. It pulled out at
8:45, railroad time, drawn by engine 26(1.
It was 11:30 when the line which marks
the State line and tbe dividing line from
the Cherokee Nation was passed.
After several miles of territory had
been traversed, it was seen that the best
riders were winning the best prizes.
One homesteader, who had secured a
magnificent quarter section of rolling
land, dug a hole two or three feet deep at
that corner of it where the surveyor's
section post was located, and where he
had driven his stakes. Not looking
upon these evidences of possession as
sufficient to confirm his title, he seized
bis Winchester rifle, as the train went
by, and fired ont all the contents, and
then emptied his revolver, yelling like a
cowboy or Comanche Indian all tbe
time. Not only the yells, but the shots,
were responded to from the train, and a
volley went up into the air from the en
tire length of the train which proved
conclusively how well tho party was
armed, in the expectancy of what might
happen a few miles the other side of the
The train stopped at tbe military post,
where the white tents of the soldiers and
the officers' tents, surrounded by the
national colors, were a gratifying evi
dence of power sufficient to maintain
order. Troop D, sth regiment of cavalry
of tbe United States Army.was quartered
there, and the officers said that at the
sound of the bugle at high noon, there
had been a movement among the boom
ers camped along the harder which had
extended rcross the entire frontier line
and that the riding had been fast and
furious ever since, some of the prospect
ors running to Guthrie to file their entries,
and others going to locate on land and
secure a prior rights to possession by act
ual occupancy.
The scene was one of the most stirring
and picturesque ever witnessed. The
smoke of myriad camp fires lighted to
cook the first meal in Oklahoma began
to ascend in all directions, and before the
first train of land speculators rushed to
the future great city of Guthrie, the
farmer had already become the possessor
of a great deal of land, and more than
one furrow of virgin soil was turned over
to the sun which had made the day glo
rious as well as memorable.
It was twenty minutes after 12 o'clock
when the first section of the great Atchi
bou train reached the line, and its pro
gress from that point on to Guthrie was
not rapid enough for the rapid men who
wanted to get there in a hurry, before all
the cream was skimmed off the milk.
Nevertheless it lacked but a few minutes
of 1 o'clock when the train stopped in
front of the Guthrie depot. Before the
train came to a stop it was seen that
somebody was already there. In fact
the town was well populated. Tents
were numerous on the eastern slope, and
stakes were sticking up cut of the ground
like poles in a bean patch. Men could
be seen racing in the direction of valu
able holdings, and the scene was as busy
and animated a one as it is possible to
"cursory" observations.
Profanity abounded among the Arkan
sas City and Wichita men, as well as
those from other prints. If there had
bean a prospect of shooting at any time
to-day, it was when these men found
themselves batHed at the game of freeze
out, but they were compelled to swallow
their wrath, for, according to all techni
calities in law, the men in possession
wera the rightful owners, and the men
who had been left out were the ones who
had been the most persistent in their de
mand for the law's enforcement. There
was nothing to do but to take what was
left, ana it was in the scramble to get
these that the most ludicrous
scene of the day was presented,
the men falling over each other in their
efforts to get out of the cars.
Every variety of man along the frontier
made up the army which charged the
land office at the top of the knoll, not in
a body but in detachments. The land
office was not the point of their destina
tion, though it stands at the corner of a
section and is, therefore, the present
center of the town. But it was
not to secure the lots nearest to
it that the rush was made. There was
little left near it, for stakes had already
been driven, almost to the limit of the
half section of 320 acres allowed for the
town site as the law now stands. There
was a small margin, and this was being
rapidly wiped out by the same men who
had already appropriated nearly every
thing in sight. It was but a few minutes
until the lit. c was reached, and the back
attion movement of taking up lots which
nobody had wanted before began.
When the second and third sections of
the train arrived and found everything
cornered, the air was blue for miles
around the metropolis. There was
nothing to do, however, as every lot was
protected by rifles and revolvers, and if
shooting began, there was no telling
where it would stop. The only recourse
left to the disappointed men was to buy
out such holders of lots as were willing to
sell or run the risk of taking land out
side of the legal limit. Both courses
were adopted and a good number of
Guthtie t'ity lots changed bands. The
first sale made was by a man named
Rummels, of Malvan, Kansas, who sold
a twenty-five-foot-front lot, near the
land office for $5 to an old doc
tor, a resident of one of the In
dian reservations adjoining Oklahoma.
The purchaser refused $50 for the lot five
minutes later. Several transfers were
made to-day, and others, who were de
termined to locate here, drove stakes
outside the town line. This is prepara
tory to, the purchase of homesteaders'
rights and the extension of the city
No one who had never seen a Western
town take form and shape, can compre
hend how quickly a full-rigged city, with
a double-deck boom, can be put in mo
tion. Guthrie already has its Main
street, its Harrison street, its Guthrie
avenue and its Oklahoma avenue, and
this morning it was a wilderness where
the antelope sported and the jack rabbit
flapped its ears in the sun.
In the afternoon at 4 o'clock, the first
municipal election occurred. Tbe elec
tion notice appeared to-day in the Okla
homa Herald a daily pjper published at
Guthrie on the fitst day of its
existence. The Council will be
elected at tbe same time. Nearly
ten thousand votes were polled as
there are about that many men in Guth
rie with the intention of becoming citi
zens. The leading candidates for Mayor
are Adjutant-General Reice, of Illinois,
William Constantino, of Springfield, 0.,
and T. L. Sumner, of Arkansas City. A
strong dark horse is T. Volney Haggelt,
of Huron, Dak.
♦The Bank of Oklahoma opened for
business tit Guthrie to-day with a capital
stock of $50,000. M. W. Levy, a Wichita
banker, is president. The new city is
flooded with business, cards of all des
criptions representing every line of trade
and business, imaginable.
A mass of mail is expected to reach
the Guthrie postofflce every day. It is
now being run by a post til clerk detailed
for tbat purpose, bnt Mr. Flynn, the
lately appointed postmaster, will take
charge in a day or two.
A sch erne, which resulted in the prac
tical corn ericg of the town lots, today,
originated, as has been frequently indi
cated in this correspondence, with the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail
way, probably in combination with a
syndicate, who have been hard at work
in Arkansas City for a week or more
past. As stated before, numbers of the
men have been going into the territory
as deputy marshals, and others, under
permits, as railroad employes. The mar
shals were simply commissioned and not
sworn in and the railroad men were not
burdened with official orders. They all
did their work to-day, and did it well.
The officials in the Guthrie land office
say that the men seemed to spring out of
the earth as noon approached, and tbat
it did not take fifteen minutes to occupy
half the town Bite. The land officials
have not been greatly rushed to-day, as
the great majority of homesteaders are
making title by actual occupation, which
will be perfected at a later date.
The first homestead entry at tbe

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