Newspaper Page Text
OATLY HKRALD. —rUBLISHBD— BKVKN DAYS A WEKK. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JAMS J. AYBBS. AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. Entered at the postofflce st Los Angeles as second-class matter.l DELIVERED BT CARRIERS At tOc. per Week, or SOc. »er month. TERMS BY MAIL, INCLUDING POSTAGE ! Daily Hbbald, one year Daily Hbbald, six months oIK Daily Hbbald, three months S'jK Weekly Herald, one year *-00 Wbbkly Herald, six months a-00 Wbbbly Hebald, three months 80 Illustrated Hbbald, per oopy 1» Office of Pahlication, 123-125 West Second Street, Los Angeles. Telephone No. 156 Tne "Hatty Herald" May he found 1b San Francisco at the Palace hotel news stand; in Chicago at the Postoffice news-stand, 103 East Adams street; in Denver at Smith St Sons' news-stand, Fifteenth and Lawrence streets. FRIDAY, JtNftßl 3, IS9O. Surface and Underground Storm Drains. Id tbe report of the sewer engineers the suggestion to carry off the overflow of the hills on tbe surface of tbe streets running south from Sixth street is thus treated: It has been suggested to spread tbe Storm water over a number of parallel streets so as to divide it, and tbus make the stream in any one of them small enough to be unobjectionable. This ex pedient has been followed in smaller cities, and it should be followed wherever practicable and economical. Difficulties are in the way, however, when the quan tity'-of water becomes great. Where valleys are sharply defined the water is almost always concentrated on one street, and if this concentration once requires an underground removal, then a spread ing ont below is no longer possible. For instance, the water from tbe Arroyo de los Reyes, draining about 1,500 acres, is naturally concentrated on Flower and Hope streets, which are situated at the lowest part of the ravine. If tbe water is put into underground drains on these streets it cannot again be brought to the surface to flow once more in the gutters. If the water which concentrates at Flower and Fourth streets were carried by a tunnel as far as eleventh and Flower, it could then be discharged upon the sur face of the latter street, because the natural fall from Fourth to Seventh would bring the drain about even with the surface at that point, or perhaps a abort distance below. Hope street is on the line with the natural outlet of the Arroyo de ios Reyes, and there would be no need of an underground drain, if Hope street were covered with water tight pavement. It is admittedly im possible to make an underground canal that would carry off the rains from the hills that overflow the Arroyo de los Reyes during one of our abnormal storms. They will necessarily have to find their way to the river or the limits of the city through the several streets tbat run south and east. If Flower, Hope and the other parallel streets were paved as Sixth street is, the overflow of our great storms could be directed over those streets, and cause but very slight incon venience. A large portion of any of these sudden overflows would find its way down Sixth street, and ultimately to the river. The water passing down the other streets has its ultimate outlet in Ballona creek. The question to our mind is whether it would not be more to the advantage to the city in every way if, instead of spending money in build ing costly underground canals to carry off the storm waters of our hills, we should provide for their drainage by paving the streets over which they would naturally overflow. If the streets named were paved with bituminous rock their whole length they would carry the waters of the heaviest storms to the river or be yond the city without causing the slightest inconvenience to our people. The city could well afford to aid the property-holders on the lines of those streets to lay the new pavement if it> would thereby save the cost of under ground drains, which, after all, would not be equal to the carrying off of the surplus water of our exceptional rain storms. Something for a San Diego Con temporary. The San Diego Sun of the 30th of De cember contains a splenetic article in which it accuses the Hkrald of saying and doing all manner of things in despite of our Southern neighbor, as to all of which there is not the shadow of a simu lacrum of the truth. This journal has always been courteous and appreciative of San Diego, but it has been loyal to its own superb city, and that is just where the shoe pinches. In ten successive edi tions of the Annual Illustrated Her ald a cordial recognition waa extended to the City of Bay and Climate, without money and without price. Of course we have no patience with or tolerance of the rot that San Diego will ever, at any time, or under any conceivable circum stances, approach within bowing ac quaintance of the Angelic City in wealth or progress of any kind which looks in the direction of metropolitan status. The fact is that San Diegans hate Los Ange les, and think that our people are im bued with a like feeling, which is pre-em inently not the case. In some instances here the brags of our vivacious neigh bors are looked npon witb good-humored contempt, in others with kindly indul gence, and in no instance seriously. Of course, our contemporary could not over look the fact that a gentleman connected with the Herald ran for Congress in 1886, and claima exultantly that San Diegans beat him. Well, we think it quite likely that this is the fact, and we assure our contemporary that the indi vidual in question forgives them from tbe bottom of his heart, and is quite willing to return good for evil. As to the allegation made by the Sun that this journal baa ever underrated the mines of San Diego county, meaning, we suppose, those of the Julian, Banner and THE LOS ANGELS DAILY HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING JANUARY 3, 18SG\ Stonewall districts, in the splendid range of mountains lying behind the city of the bay, we simply pronounce it laughably false. This journal has always had words of appreciation and encour agement for those districts, and the writer knows and values the noble fellows who have developed them. It is true, on the other hand, that we have denounced the Santa Clara placer "fakes" of Lower California, and so sball we ever, even though a Los Ange les newspaper should curry favor with a certain class of speculative San Diegans by telling whoppers about them every day in the week, as it did some months ago, even going to the extent of issuing a guide book to a " Fool's Paradise," which had at leist one merit, viz., it showed its dupes how to return as well as how to go, by reading the text back ward. A Pretender to meretricious Fame. A dispatch from Williams, (Jolosa county, yesterday gives an account of the shooting of David Matheson hy one Joe Casey, and goes on to say that Casey is a native of Louisiana, and that hit father was hanged by the Vigilance Com mittee out of a third story window on Montgomery street, Ban Francisco, foi the killing of James King of Wm. in 1856. This is the way in which historj is writ. Joe Casey cannot be the son o! James P. Casey, who killed James Kinj of Wm. because he had no children never lived in Louisiana, and was in Sat Francisco at the time Joe Casey was born, if he is only 37 years old. This dispatch recalls perhaps tbe most excit ing times that were ever seen on tbis Coast. Casey was a New Yorker, and be came a leading ward politician in San Francisco, and was what would now be termed a political boss. James King of Wm. had been a banker, but had trans ferred his business to the banking de partment of Adams' Kxpress Company, and took a leading position in that bank. When the financial institutions of San Francisco were struck by a cyclone, in 1854-5, Adams & Co. went under. King of Wm. then started the evening Bulletin and published a red-hot reform newspa per. He discovered that Casey had had a criminal episode in his career in New York, and exposed it in a sensational leader. Casey was furious, and meeting King of Wm. in the street, he shot him down. This assassination was speedily followed by tbe organization of tbe Vigilance Committee, whose head quarters were on the south side of Sicra mento street, between Front and Drumm. Casey and a man named Cora, who had killed U. S. Marshal Richard son, were taken from the jail to tbe rooms of tbe Committee, where they were tried and condemned to death. They were both swung out of second story windows of the rooms the Com mittee occupied, and expired in the presence of a vast concourse of paople. Whilst the execution cf Casey was being carried out, the funeral of James King of Wm. was passing through Montgom ery Btreet and the houses along the line of march were hung with black. The Vigilance Committee re mained in session for over six months, and was the supreme power in tbe city during its existence. Its members to tbe number of three thousand, were completely armed and equipped. They had batteries of guns and a thorough organization under the commend of com petent military leaders. AU the availa ble arms in the State were in their pos session, and the law-and-order people, who were numerous, were powerless to make any effective headway against the ascendancy of the Vigilance.Committee. The community were divided on the subject of this extra legal tribunal, but the majority were largely with the Com mittee, who did not disband until after they bad secured for their partisans the control of the city government, which they held for several years, under the guiae of a political organization called the People's Party. Shall the millionaire Guild be In creased? Aiia vuiu i.t-giemLure Willi [1 lUufcHß Monday, will have to discharge the re sponsible duty of electing a successor to Hon. Henry B. Payne in the Senate of tbe United States. Upon the action of its Democratic members will largely de pend the future of the Democratic party in the Buckeye State. Three million aires are understood to be aspirants for the position, viz., the Messrs. Brice, Thomas and Bookstaver. Only one gen tleman, Mr. MacMahon, who is not a plutocrat, has ventured to announce him self as ambitious of the honor. There is great excitement amongst the masses of the Democracy, who would be greatly disgruntled if some statesman who rep resents the brains and sterling worth of the organization is not chosen. The record of the party in thia line has been in gratifying contrast with that of the Republican party, and it is to be hoped that it may be kept so. The few in stances in which it has departed from its rule of electing comparatively poor men to the United States Senate have been supported on other grounds than the wealth of the successful aspirants. Hon. George Hearst, of California, is a conspicuous instance in point. If there is a typical repre sentative of the Pacific Coast living to day it is this energetic miner, sound Democrat and excellent citizen, tbe least of whose distinctions is the large fortune he has acquired by enterprise and not by speculation. In the case of Henry B. Payne himself, about whose success over Pendleton such a great clamor has* been raised, there was exceptional personal and political merit to make the choice a not unusual ene. It would be scarcely wise, however, for the Ohio Democrats to replace one Democratic millionaire by another. It would look as if the fashion had become settled. The Tburmans, Outhwaites and Converses of Ohio are all opposed to the election of either Brice, Thomas or Bookstaver, and their counsels ought to be heeded. The op position to Mr. Calvin S. Brice is inten sified because he ie supposed to have obtained a constructive residence in Ohio for the purpose of succeeding Mr. Payne. Both he and Mr. Bookstaver have offices in the city of New York, and spend much of their time there. Both the Senate and House of the Congress of the United States are in great need of real Western men just now. The taxeH are now paid, in tbe main, or will be shortly, and this community has stood the ordeal fairly well, consid ering their enormous amount, but there is a widespread discontent among3t the taxpayers at their magnitude. Tbe knack of squandering immense sums of money, both by the State of California and the several counties, has been devel oped to the status of an art. That there is great wastefulness in every direction, cannot be doubted. Especially bas thia been the caße in the matter of etreet im provements. One of our leading citizens returned from Europe a short time ago, and waa presented witb • bill of $2,000 for grading and graveling a street in front of his property which he avows could have been done for $500. The rains have swept the gravel all away, and the work has to be done over again. It would help our taxpayers out very sensibly if they could get this necessary work done at fair prices. There seems to be only too much ground for the belief that there are combinations amongst the contract ors of Los Angeles which place the tax payers at their mercy. The case men tioned by us is only one of multitudes. "We have not been having all the rain in Los Angeles by any means. The New York World, of the 21st ult., part of the delayed mail which has reached Los Angeles, haa a cartoon which is devoted to the dudes of the future. Two of theee gentry are represented with tarpaulin hats and knee-high rubber boots, raising dismayed faces towards the pouring heavens. The only thing that suggests the traditional exquisite is the never to be separated from big-headed cane. Another issue of the same journal represents Mayor Grant Btanding with dismayed aspect over an uprooted street which has become a brawling torrent. If misery loves company the residents on Second, Hope and other of our deluged thoroughfares may gather some consolation from the fact that the residents of the metropoli tan city of the United States are suffer ing more than they. Thii, however, is poor consolation, and the people of both cities would do well to buckle down to the work of making the etreeta passable. CRIMINAL NOTES. John C. Day, the mac who eloped with the Parkins girl on Friday night last, was served with a warrant charging him with taking an overcoat from De Turk'B stable belonging to W. R. Samp son, before starting on his trip to San Bernardino. He will appear before Po lice Judge Owens for trial upon the charge of obtaining money under false pretenses today. Fred Nirk was arrested by Officer Harvey last evening at 17 San Fernando street for disturbing the peace of his former wife by threatening to kill her because she refused to live witb faun again aud renew their former relations. The fellow has several times of late dis turbed Mrs. Nirk, and she has had to call upon the public for protection on each occasion. Mrs. Alice Nirk ob tained a divorce from her husband about three months ago. A complaint was filed in the Police Court yesterday by Mrs. Ellen Newell, a widow, residing at No. 75 Mission road, charging Mrs. Agrapina Alvarez with battery. She alleged that yesterday morning the two boys of Mrs. Alvarez, aged respectively 19and 12 years, chased her dog under tha houße and threw rocks at it. She went out and remonstrated with them, at which they ran away and told their mother, who lives at No. 71, close by. Mrs. Alvarez then came out of her house with a broom in her hand and after a few words struck Mrs. Newell across tbe back with tbe handle, hurting her severely. Native Sons' Election. The Native Sons ol the Golden West held a very large and enthusiastic meet ing last evening, the occasion being the election of officers. Those elected to serve for the ensuing term were: Presi dent, Robert E. McGregor; First Vice- President, W. N. Ent; Third Vice- President, Charles E. Baer; Financial and Recording Secretary, E. G. Taylor; Marshal, George Swain; W. S. Mars cbsnt, Historian. The installation of the newly elected officers will take place next Thursday evening at N. S. G. W. hall. brand and Trial Jurors. Yesterday Judge Lucien Shaw made an order of court in accordance with the requirements of the code, that there will be needed to do the business of the courts for the coming term 100 Grand Jurors aud 750 term trial jurors. The Supervisors will take steps at an early day to have that many names drawn, from which to Becure juries for the term. An Important Sale. 8. H. Seymour, of San Fiancisco, the proprietor of the Russ House, has jußt purchased a piece of land on West Sec ond street, back of the California Na tional Bank building. This would seem to indicate that there are some citizens of San Francisco who have faith in the future of Los Angeles. Undelivered Teleg-rame At the Western Union Telegraph office, corner Court and Main streets, January 2, 1890: Manuel A. Johnson, W. J. Spaulding. The citizens on the hills in the vicinity of Flower street between First and Second streets are preparing to have a boat race on the extensive pond which adorns their locality. The Mayor, Street Super intendent and City Engineer will be pres ent as invited guests. This statement comes from a member of the committee arranging for the race and may be re garded as official. The date will be named later. Young- Haunt Married- Philadelphia, January 2.—Green B. Raum, Jr., Pension Commissioner Green B. Raum's son, was married this even ing to Miss Annie Rogers, daughter of the late William D. Rogers, a wealthy: carriage builder, this city. j M'ALLISTER'S TRIUMPH. He Engineers a Fifteen Thousand Dollar Ball. THB 400'S BIG BLOW OFT. The Police Kept Their Hands Off Because It Was a Strictly Private Affair. 'Associated Press DlsDatch.es to the Hkrald. New York, January 2.—A $15,000 ball is in progress tonight at the Metropolitan opera bouse, and the chief executive spirit is Ward McAllister, he to whom is credited the statement that New York's best society consists of only 400. Last April McAllister was rendered very un happy because Mr. Fish ousted him from the management of the great cen tennial ball. Then McAllister said he would get up a ball of his own some timo and demonstrate what a really per fect ball should be, and tonight's affair is the demonstration. The money was raited by subscriptions from the Astors, Vanderbilts, Dopews, Morgans, Loril larda, Goelets, Hewitts, Cooper*, Clews, Corbins and many others of the 400. McAllister's ideas were being worked out smoothly, when suddenly there came the horrible intimation that he would be threatened with a flood of policemen in the supper-room to prevent tbe use of wine after 1 a. m. Argument was brought to bear, however, and as a re suit the Corporation Counsel today noti fied tbe police that the ball was a private affair, and the guests had a right to drink all night if they wanted to; where upon the Police Board notified the force to keep hands off and permit tho 800 qmrts of champagues which had been purchased to be drunk at leisure. Invitations were issued to each sub scriber with the permission to invito seven friends, consequently the number entitled to be present was 1,728. The opera house was decorated in the most elaborate manner, with rich hangings of silks and floral displays. It is the hand somest decoration the Metropolitan opera house has ever seen. All through the corridors and staircases were trees of tropical growth, shrubs of rare culture and blooming flowers, while soft incan descent lights were present everywhere, save in the dim dark vault above a sus pended canopy of green. Perfumed fountains scented the air, and music floated from unexpected sources, the or chestra being bidden. The patronesses of the ball include Mrs. William Astor, Mrs. De Lancey Kane, Mrs. Elliott Roosevelt, Mrs. Philip Schuyler and Mrs. George Peabody Wet more. They arrived at 10 o'clock and wore received by Cornelius Vanderbilt, Byram K. Stevens and Ward McAllister, and escsrted to the position where they should receive the guests. At 11 o'clock the dancing floor was astir with prome naders, and soon after the dancing be gan witb the quadrille d'honneur. The supper was served in a room where 1,200 might sit. The lady patron esses were at one table, presided over by Mr. McAllister, who bad Mrs. William Astor on hia right. Mrs. Grover Cleve land was seated at McAllister's left. At the foot of the table was Cornelius Vanderbilt, with Mrs. Elliott Roosevelt. Others at thia table were Coun6 D'Arco, German Minister; Secretary of the Navy Tracy; C. M. Depew, with Mrs. Paran (Stevens, and Grover Cleveland, with Mrs. W. C. Whitney. After supper dancing was resumed, and ended with the largest cotillion ever danced in Amer ica. There were in it 150 couples. INFLUENZA. The Epidemic is Not Nearly co Bad aa Keported. New York, January 2.—Dr. George F. Shrady, editor of the Medical Record, in an article npon the epidemic in fluenza says: There is now no doubt that influenza, or what is popularly known as "the grip," has become epidemic in this city, and is scattered broadcast over the country. It is also quite evident that its general character istics correspond with those noted in connection with the prevailing type of malady in Russia, Germany and France. Fortunately it is of such a mild type tbat save for its invasion of large districts and for the large numbers of persons attacked, it would be noticed in the cateeory of ailments con nected with the usual ones which occur during the winter months, associated with the rapid and varied changes of temperature and humidity. The reports of the fatality of the disease, as might have been expected, have been much exaggerated. Particularly does this re mark apply to the alarming death rate in Paris. In point of fact there is no disease with such wide prevalence which has such a comparatively low mortality. In this country, at least, there is yet to be re ported the first case of death which can be laid to a pure and simple attack of the disease. Even the serious complica tions are so few as scarcely to merit the recognition, alongside of those wbich are constantly occurring with the usual dis eases of the season. The after effects of the epidemic will doubtless be marked by a feeling of prostration, more or less continued, and a lowering of the health tone. Previously robust persons will quickly rally, while the feeble will re quire stimulants and tonics for variable periods. A A.and Decision. Washington, January 2 —Land Com missioner Groff has rendered a decision upon the application of James W. Barry, of the Fargo, South Dakota, land district, to transmute his pre emption filing on a quarter section of land. under the date of October, 1888. The filing was rejected by the local land officers on the ground that prior to the date of said act, Barry perfected title to a tract of land on which he made an entry under the homestead law. The Commissioner revisws the evidence and law bearing upon the case and sustains the decision of the local officers. Tne Montana Muddle. Chicago, January 2—The Helena, Mont., Herald telegraphs: At the joiDt seseion of the Legislature today the first ballot resulted: Power, 16; Mantel, 11; Hirshfleld, 3; Rickards, 9; Thompson' 1. Second ballot: Powers, 35; 3. The President announced the elec tion of Hon. T. C. Powers as United States Senator. Powers is a wealthy meichant, and was the late candidate for Governor on the Republican ticket, and was defeated by Toole. About two hours after T. C. Powers was selected by the Republican Joint Convention for second Senator, Judge Hunt, of the District Court, gave his de cision in the caee of Representative Roberts, of Silver Bow county, who had applied for a writ to compel the State Auditor pay to him his salary and mileage as a member of the Legislature. It was thought the Court would decide the validity of the rival Houses, but instead the decision was to the effect tbat if Roberts was a member of the Legislature he was entitled to his per diem and the mileage. The question of the legality of the two Houses is stiil undecided. The Democrats again met in joint convention today, and took one ballot, but being without a quorum, the body adjourned. Desperate Strikers. Punxsutawney, Pa., Jauuary 2. —Tbe Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburg Com pany were not successful in their effort to eject the striking miners from their houses today, Sheriff Sutter refusing to act in the matter, as the company de sired. Superintendent Haskell declares that he will open the mines on Monday, at any coßt, and that the company will break the strike if it costs them a million dollars. The attempt to put new men in next Monday will be resisted, and bloodshed may result, as the Hungarians are desperate. mr ß . martin's Daughter. New York, January 2.—A writ of habeas corpus was secured today from the Supreme Court by Mrs. Martin, mother of Hannah B. Southworth, who recently killed Stephen B. Pettus, re quiring the production in court of her unfortunate daughter. The writ was procured in an effort to have Mrs. South worth removed to a hospital. Mrs. Martin says her danghter is afflicted with a complication of diseases and is slowly dying. Tbe Wrong- man Hang-ed. Tahlequah, I. T., January 2.—ln the Cherokee Nation, in 1880, Dr. Pyle and Mrs. Wm. Kerr were found murdered in their house one morning. John Stephen son, toward whom suspicion pointed, was tried, convicted and hanged. Now comes a startling revelation. On the evening of December 27th a colored gambler named Rogers was fatally in jured r>v a railroad train at Illinois sta tion. Before dying Rogers confessed that he committed the murders for which Stephenson was hanged. . Wool-tiro** ers Heard. AVashington, January 2. —The Ways and Means Committee today heard arguments by representatives" of the wool-growers. FOREIGN MISCELLANY. Brazilian tJrown Jewels Held Sub ject to Ho in Pedro's Order. Washington, January 2. —The Brazil ian Minister has receive 1 Rio do Janeiro papers to December B'h, in which are given details of tbe inventory recently taken of the imperial property. The crown jewels, as well as those belonging to the Emperor, Empress and other members of the imperial household, were deposited in the treasury vaults, subject to the orders of the Emperor. Minister Valente expressed surprise that some American newspapers seem to be still under the impression that the Pro visional Government had confiscated the property of the Emperor. THE LAEKEN PALACE FIXE. Brussels, January 2. —The damage raused by the fire at Laeken is estimated at $1,200,000. Some priceless statues have been destroyed. The table upon which Napoleon signed the declaration of war against Russia was shattered. The report that the library in the royal palace was burned proves to be un founded. A number of important docu ments, relating tp the Congo Free State, were destroyed. The Queen's entire wardrobe was burned. The Queen and Princess Clementine are greatly pros trated. A LETTER TO BISMARCK. Berlin, | January 2—The Reich svmeiger says: Emperor William has written a letter to Bismarck in which he extends tbe warmest New Year congrat ulations, and says the maintenance cf peace abroad will strengthen the guar antee of tranquility at home. He ex presses gratification at the completion of the workingmen's insurance bill, which, he says, is an important step toward giving effect to the project for ameliorat ing_ the condition of the workingmen, which he has at heart. He thanks Bis marck for his self-sacrificing, unweary ing co operation, and say a he prays he may for many years be -granted his faithful and well-trained counsel in his difficult mission as ruler of Germany. RUSSIAN OFFICERS ARRESTED. St. Petersburg, January 2.—Thirty two officers have been arrested, charged with being members of a secret society, the object of which is to abolish the aristocracy and establish a constitutional monarchy. STRIKING MINERS. Berlin, January 2 —The miners in Breslau have struck for eight hours, an unlimited output and higher wages. The masters and men are negotiating for a settlement. Brussels, January 2.—The strike among the colliers is spreading. At Liege 1,200 miners have joined tho move ment. PARNELL SUMMONED. London, January 2. —A citation to ap pear as co-respondent in the suit for di vorce, brought by Captain O'Shea against his wife, was received by Parnell today. A THEATER BURNED. Zurich, January 2. —A theater here caught fire during a performance last night and was entirely destroyed. Tbe audience reached the streets in safety. ANOTHER IRISH EDITOR IMPRISONED. Dublin, January 2 —Mclnery, editor of the Limerick Leader, on trial for in timidation, was found guilty, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment. SPANISH FOREIGN RELATIONS. Lisbon, January 2. —At the opening of the Cortes the King announced the for eign relations of the kingdom all that could be desired. He reviewed the pro gress made in the African colonies of Portugal. The King said: "The patri otic aspirations of Great Britain to ex tend ber vast possessions in Africa, have been met at several points by the fixed design of Portugal to maintain her au thority over thoße regions that the Por tuguese were first to discover and open to Christianity and commerce, and where the Portuguese authorities had ex ercised jurisdiction and influence suffi cient to indicate incontestible possession. My Government will endeavor to con vince the British Government of our right, hoping to obtain an equal adjust ment of all legitimate interests." The Mortality I.lot. Paris, January 2.—Commander Wil liam Starr Dana, U. 8. N., is dead of pneumonia. Tangier, January 2.—The United States squadron is here. On the fonr vessels are forty-eight cases of influenza. London, January 2.—Sadler, the ex champion sculler is dead. The Marquis of Salisbury is up and about tbe house again. Gayarrn, tbe Spanish tenor, died to day of influenza. NATIONAL PROTOTYPES. The New Standards Received at Washington. THHIR PURPOSE AND ORIGIN. How an International Standard of Weights and Measures Came To Be Adopted. I Associated Press Dispatches to the Hkrald. Washington, January 2. —The nations! prototypes allotted to the United 'States at the International Convention of Weights and Measures in Paris, iv Sep tember last, were formally received snd accepted by the President this afternoon, in the presence of a distinguished com pany of Representatives and scientific men. They were brought from Paris in two boxes, carefully sealed and marked, and had been vigilantly guarded from the moment of their manufacture. These new standards were constructed by the cooperation of the principal governments of the world. Their history in brief is as follows: In 1869 the French Govern ment invited the other nations to send delegates to Paris for the purpose of forming an international commission for the construction of a new meter for an international standard of length. The invitation was accepted, and our Gov ernment appointed Professors Henry and Hilgard as delegates. In 1875 a treaty was signed at Paris for tbe establishment of an international bureau of weights and measures. The bureau was established and put under the administrative direction of delegates from the various countries concerned. A. large staff of learned men were em ployed to study a method for carrying out practically the theoretical require ments agreed upon as necessary by the delegates. The difficulties encountered were all surmounted, and the work was carried to successful comple tion. The standards ordered by tbe various governments wera distrib- by lot last September. One set of standards, set apart as in ternational prototypes, is kept in a cave at the international bureau. The object of putting them in a cave is to secure them against accident and sudden or great changes of temperature, as it is deemed possible that permanent changes in the molecular structure of the mate rials of the "standards may be brought about by such fluctuations of tempera ture. No single person can have access to the international prototypes. Tbe cave is locked up by three different keys in the hands of as many individuals, and every conceivable precaution has been taken to keep them inviolable. The standards distributed to the various governments are called prototypes, and the same care will be taken to* preserve them .unaltered as is deemed necessary for the international standards. LOS 1.0i.u:. Tbe Sioux Chiefs make Some Sarcas tic Speeches. Washington, January 2.—The delega tion of Sioux chiefs had another talk with Commissioner Morgan today. John Grass said; "Last summer you sent thn c men out to my country and they told us if we signed the treaty we would get schools and oxen and wagons and other things promised us in the treaty of 1868, and pay for the land we now sell besides. I see some of the same things are promised in both treatios. My peo ple want to know if we are to have them twice." Mad bear said: "You sent U3 three persons to show us how to farm. They can't talk to us. They only make motions with their hands and then go away. We don't know what they mean. If they would plow and sow and raise crops we could see how they did it, and learn to farm better than the farmers you send to teach us." Commissioner Morgan interrupted him to say: "You should learn to under stand English, and then perhaps the farmers could teach you." Mad Bear replied: "If we had got schools on the reservations as promised us in 1868, we would now know English, but we did not get them. We want to learn to farm and do like the whit as, and we want schools on the reservations, so we can learn. DECEiVBUR WKITHEK. Conditions that i*r<- val l»-d Throucb out the Country. Washington, January 2.—The weather crop bulletin for the month of December Hays: The month of December was unusually warm in all districts east of the Rocky mountains, while the normal temperature prevailed on the California coast, and it has been slightly cooler than usual on the North Pacific coast. There has been an excess of precipitation generally throughout the Lake region of Minnesota, Eastern Dakota, Northern New England, in California, Southern Oregon and over the plateau regions. The rainfall for the month has been most unusual for California, over eighteen inches having fallen at San Francisco, fifteen inches at Los Angeles, and nearly eight inches at San Diego, which was from three to five times the usual amount for the month. Throughout the entire country south of the Lake region, and from Massachusetts southward to Florida, less than the normal precipitation oc curred. WHAT DOES IT MEAN? American Trading- Vessels Seized at Cartag-ena. Washington, January 2.—Assistant Secretary of State Wharton was today questioned in regard to the reported un authorized seizure and detention by offi cials of the Government of the United States of Colombia, of three trading schooners belonging to New York mer chants. Wharton says some days ago a letter was received at the State Depart ment from Foster & Co.. of New York, complaining of tbe detention of one of their schooners. The Department im mediately telegraphed the American Consul at Cartagena for an explanation, and in reply received a message stating that it was necessary for all trading ves-. sels to clear from the port of Cartagena. Tbe situation is not understood, owing partly to the brevity of the Consul'! message. .The case will not be fully known, nor any official action taken, un til the Consul's dispatches in full, which are in all probability on their way now, are received at the Department. Bauerelaen Released. Joliet, lU.,January2.— John A. Bauer eisen, the "Q" dynamiter, was released from the penitentiary today on a pardon from Governor Fifer. His companion, Kroderick. who was sentenced for one year, will be out in April.