Newspaper Page Text
"DAILY HERALD. —rUBLISHIS— SEVEN DAYS A. WEEK. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JAMBS J. ATBBS. AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. DELIVERED BT CARRIERS At tOc. per Week, or SOc. per month. Office ol Publication, 123-125 West Second atreet. Los Angeles. Telephone No. 156 SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1880. Solution of the Race Problem in the South. If Mr. Blame were a broad, farseeing and comprehensive statesman, he is in control of tho foreign policy of the Gov ernment at the very time at which he could do more to immortalize himself than has fallen to the lot of but few of his predecessors. He has missed one opportunity to carry out what his friends claimed for him would be his peculiar policy, in failing to recognize the Bra zilian Republic. His vaunted Ameri canism—his much applauded champion ship of the unification of the superior interests of the American Republics— has failed to materialize as soon as it was pat to a practical test. The Republic of Brazil has been officially recognized by France and all the sister Republics on this continent, with the glaring excep tion of oar own. Here, if any where, one would have thought the great American jingo statesman would have got his work in. Bat no. The oyster has not been more shut up in its own shell than Blame has drawn in his horns and doubled himself np in dip lomatic reserve upon the great question of welcoming the new Republic into the American sisterhood. Another opportunity to initiate a scheme that would be of transcending benefit to this country in the future he is letting slip by. Whilst European powers—taking advantage of the wonder ful explorations of Stanley,an American— are carving up Africa to suit themselves, the Government of the United States, which has within her borders seven or eight millions of civilized Africans, who might find in the country from whence their ancestors were brought a congenial field for their energies and mental ad vancement, has looked upon this parti tion of a continent without endeavoring to create a diversion in favor of the black man who is so prevalent, and the cause of so much apprehension,in this country. The South is overweighted with a pop ulation which, in the new order of things springing up in Africa, could be made to overflow into that country with advan tage to both races, if the United States would exercise its influence and its power in the present emergency to secure an ample strip of territory where our colored people could be colonized. There are many of our ablest statesmen who look with the gravest apprehension upon the race problem in the South. Very serious frictions have already arisen between the two peoples, and in a political sense the colored element in the South forms a problem of the most grave and perplex ing character. If the United States were to take a hand in (he partition of African terri tory, and insist that a certain portion of it should be reserved for colonization by the negroes of the United States, a vent would be provided that would enable future administrations to deal more easily and satisfactorily with th 9 race problem. It would not only be an act of wisdom but of tho most sagaci ous statesmanship to take advantage of the time and secure a province in Africa for our colored population. In the next hundred years the Dark Continent will present a very different aspect to the commercial, industrial and political world than that which it does now. We may not look for a greater intellectual progress in the tribes of the interior than has been marked by centuries of contact with civilization in the ryots of India or the fellaheen of the Lower Nile. Bat there will be an industrial order brought out of the chaoß of savagery which now exists there, and there will be a vast new contribution to the wealth of nations from the intelligently directed labor of the wild denizens of the b»nks of the Congo and the rich littorals of the great lakes that send their limpid waters into the Upper Nile. Equatorial Africa is a country of tremendous possibilities, and what an attractive field it would opsn to the su perior intelligence aud energies of the negroes of the South! These people would shine with dazzling brilliancy be eide the ignorant race who now occupy that rich country. They would become the aristocracy of their kind, and might find fame and fortune there that would more than compensate them for the un friendly civilization they had left be hind. Whilst we are trying to solve the race problem on philanthropic principles, let us not forget that there is a right way and a wrong way. The right way is to provide a congenial country for the blacks to which they would willingly emigrate, and where they could assuredly better their condition. The wrong way is to suppose that by legislation the negro of the South is to be elevated to the level of the dominant rac9 there. We had already learned by telegraph how mild the weather was at the East on Christmas day; but the New York pa pers of the 26th, which are now at hand, say that the thermometer registered 65 degrees during the greater part of the day, and tbe atmosphere was so sultry that light summer ciothing was neces sary for comfort. Nothing was ever known like this before in that city. Christmas is usually noted for its hyper borean fierceness, and the warm wave that passed over the East this time gave the denizens of that re gion a chance to compare their climate with that of Southern California. But only for a day! Jack Frost soon re sumed his sway, and the normal cold, snowy, blustery weather followed in the wake of this one mild day. The New Yorkers made so much ado about their THE LOS ANGELS DAILY HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING JANUARY 4 1890. sultry Chriitmas that one living here is loot it wonder at the excess of ecstacy into which they would go if they could experience such winter seasons as we enjoy in this matchless climate. Their mild Christmas day is like the sparrow that didn't make a summer; but they are chuckling over it greatly. rbe Gouucilmaulc Octopl. Perhaps one of the most striking pic tures evolved from the consummate but eerie genius of Victor Hugo is in that portion of "The Toilers of the Sea" in which a man is in the grasp of the devil fish in a cave where such creatures are liable to congregate. Hugo's hero escapes, and we heartily hope that the taxpayers of this city may escape from the Councilmanic octopi who threaten to squeeze the life out of them. Yet that they are in the toils, no man who today has to shoulder his heavy load of taxation can doubt. If these exactions had been attempted in the days of the "boom," probably no one would have objected. Then money flowed as freely as water, and the rash of "Iser rolling rapidly" was the only simile which could fitly represent the force of the vital current that pulsated hereabouts, unless we fall back upon the time-honored metaphor of Niagara shooting her rapids. Yet, strange to say, nobody thought of taxing prop erty - owners in those jocund days of riches realized and of the "riches titleless'' with which the imagination of every man jack of us all was filled. Great actual profits and the adjuncts of the Cas tles in Spain made every one, in that halcyon era, ante up to every demand of necessity or caprice. The hand of the tax-collector, laid on lightly then, is now imposed with a re lentlessness that makes the ordinary citi zen wince, and every one is at present anxious to know for what legitimate municipal purpose these enormous taxes are imposed. In the now charter a pro vision was inserted that ho contract should be entered into for supplies to be furnished the city in a sum exceeding $300 unless there had been a publication in a daily newspaper inviting bids. This was done to prevent frauds and official favoritism. When the time came to move from the old City Hall to the new, Mr. J. M. Skinner, a responsible con tractor, who bad examined into the work required to be done, offered to do the whole thing for $1,600, in a lump sum. It is quite likely that, if a public compe tition had been invited, the city could have got it done even more economically. Oa the 23rd of September, as the of ficial records show, the Police Com mission requested the Council to adver tise forbids to remodel the old City Hall. Their request was referred by the Council to the Building Committee, but that body never made a report on the matter. The Building Committee of the Council ac cordingly took the subject in hand, and the change was effected at a cost of $3,175—0r a loss to the taxpayers of $1,575, as to Mr. Skinner's proposition, and probably of a much larger sum, be cause unquestionably in an open com petition Mr. Skinner's voluntary offer would have been heavily reduced. There is no question of the fact that the Council has been persistently ignor ing the spirit of the $300 provision of the new city charter. The modus operandi is very simple. Where it is seen that the purchases on any lino of the city V needs will amount to more than $300, the order is broken np and the supplies bought in fractional parts, or the order for work is given in sections, as is exem plified in the account which appears in our local columns relating to the remodel ing of the old City Hall. The list of de mands is given therein, and the jab was done under the superintendence of a Mr. McLain. What ought to have been done under the charter, and what common honesty required, was an advertisement asking for bids for this work, and the award of the contract to the lowest and best bid der. In precisely the same way the devil is being whipped around the stump by the Council in many lines. The Herald, in the name of the people of Los Angeles, demands that a return shall be made to the methods contemplated by the people when they adopted the charter, and it insists that the taxpayer shall no longer be robbed by cunning devices which pal ter with the spirit of our municipal organic law, and even violate its letter. Secretary Windom thinks there is en tirely too much specie in the sub-treasury at San Francisco, and has ordered the transfer to the East of $2,090,000 in gold coin. Same idea of the tremendous im portance of San Francisco as a commer cial point may be formed from tho fact that there are at present in the govern ment vaults in that city, $41,000,000 in gold and $66,000,000 of specie of all kinds. This would make a fine official loot for some adventurous nation with a navy which should declare war against the United States while the Golden Gate is in its present defenseless condition, and when added to the contributions which would undoubtedly be levied on the citizens of the place, it might tempt the cupidity of almost any power. Ouh esteemed contemporary, the Ex press, calls the Herald to task for nam ing Mr. BoDkwalter, of Ohio, Mr. Book stavor. It is quite likely that at the time we had an oblique eye on the stayer of a fortune with which he is credited. If he were within ear-shot, wa should tender him our profound apologies, but we would not like to see him elected to the United States Senate, all the same. The Democracy of that great State are enti tled to a whole United States Senator, and ought not to be expected to divide him with New York, which is altogether too fresh in its aspirations to run the country in the interests of Wall street. The railway situation as it standi this morning may be briefly described aB the running of all trains suspended for fear of washouts. It is not pleasant to be obliged to state that the Northern Signal Stations predict heavy rama for Southern California for today. % . I THE PACIFIC SLOPE. Bad Weather Reported All Along the Coast. THE SNOW IN THE SIERRAS. Sierra City Overwhelmed by an •Avalanche—Seven People Rilled. Associated Press Dispatches to the llbslald. ) Sacramento, January 3.—According to reports received at the offices of the Southern Pacific Company today, the fall of snow in the Sierra Nevadas is un precedented. For the past twenty-four hours it lias been falling at the rate of an inch per hour. At Truckee this forenoon the measurement for twenty "four hours was twenty-five inches. At Summit two feet fell in the same period, making six teen feet on the level there. From Cisco the railroad operator telegraphs that the railroad shed is literally buried in snow. Thirty inches of snow fell in the past twenty-four hours at Emigrant Gap and at Alta, making the depth on the level twelve feet. Two feet is the measure ment at Gold Run, while at Colfax four inches fell. The efforts of the railroad people to keep the tracks clear were suc cessful until yesterday, when the elements triumphed for a time. It is thought yesterday's and today's trains, which havo been snow-boundjwill ar rive from the East tomorrow. The overland train from the East due hare at 6:25 last evening was tied up at Emigrant Gap all night. The train due this morning was held in the snow-shed at Summit. The great rotary plow is the only contrivanco that is of any use now, and yesterday the great machine went through fifteen feet of solid snow from Cascade to Summit. When it re turned to come down the hill, it was dis covered that ten feet of the snow-bank on tbe hill-side had rushed down upon the track. One hundred and fifty men were dispatched to the scene, and were expected to have the track cleared for the plow today. In Blue caflon banks of snow ten feet high enclose the track on either side, but it was removed by the rotary plow. A plow propelled by four engines managed to clear the track- be tween Summit and Truckee yesterday. Nevada, Cal., January 3. —It has been snowing here continually since 12 o'clock last night, and in town the snow is twenty inches deep on the level. On the adjacent hills it is much deeper. The Washington and Downievillo roads are both closed. HAIL. AND RAIN. A Heavy Storm Raging; All Along the Southern Coast. San Francisco, January 3.—Cold winds have turned to rain which began to fall this afternoon, after a brief inter mission, into hail, and for about fifteen minutes hail fell which covered tbe ground with a white coat. Up to the time tbe rain stopped this evening, the total fall for San Francisco was 25.83 inches, or more than double the fall up to tbe same time last year. The Signal Service predicts a continuation of the storm with no immediate prospects of cessation. The storm in the southern portion of tbe State has caused so much damage to the railroads that the mails for Santa Barbara, Santa Paula, San l>ie«o, ""en tura and vicinity will be sent tomorrow from this cfty by the Bteamer Corona, which Bails at 11 a. m. Sacramento, January 3. —There was a heavy fall of hail at half-past 3 this after noon, followed this evening by a slight rainfall. Total rainfall for season, 17.17 inches. Stockton, January 3.—A heavy rain fell here today and this evening. The rains in the foothills last night were very heavy, filling all tho streams. Fresno, Cal., January 3 —It rained .42 of an inch in the last twenty-four hours. It is cold to-night with a Blight sprinkle of rain. Total to date, 8 80. It is too wet for farmers to work. A few days of clear weather, however, would put things in go id condition. Grass and grain are growing finely. Bakersfield, January 3.—Rain has fallen steadily all day. The first nail arrived today from the south since De cember 24th. Pasadena, Jannary 3. —Rain began this morning and continued eteadih all day. Trains have been abandonee on account of the roada being washed oit. San Diego, January 3.—A heavy rind storm prevailed this afternoon and even ing. On account of the storm north no trains will arrive or depart tonight. THE CALIFORNIA SAFE. A Broken Shaft the Cause of Her Delay. San Francisco, January 3.—The anx iety which has been felt here for the safety of the steamer State of California was allayed this afternoon by the receipt of a telegram from First Officer Stevens, sent from Bowen's landing, abont iev enty miles north of San Francisco, stat ing that the steamer had broken her shaft, but was otherwise uninjured rod all on board were well. Stevens, wita. a crew of four men, left tbe vessel in a life boat yesterday, and rowed seventy m.les to shore to send the communication to the steamship company's office in this city. He also carried ashore a passenger aboard the steamer, who gives the ol io wing particulars of the accident: The State of California crossed he Columbia river bar and put to sea about 5 o'clock Sunday afternoon. The weather was rather rough during tbe night, sot on the following day the steamer made good time on her regular course to San Francieco, uttil 5 p. m., when tbe shaft suddenly broke just forward of the stern po6t, entirely disabling the propelliug power. The ves sel was about thirty miles from shore at the time, and Captain Ackley at once or dered a Bail hoisted and took a south westerly course, emtinuing the same all day Tuesday, until tbe vessel waa about seventy miles off shore and 180 miles from San Francisco. The next day there was not enough wind to give steerage way, and the steamer merely drifted abont. Finally a boat was sent ashore to telegraph for assistance. The tug Valiant was sent from here this afternoon to tow the State of Califo nia to thiß port. The revenue cutters Eush and Corwin are already searching for the delayed steamer, and may have her in tow before the tug reaches her. She is expected to arrive here tomorrow morning. A Castaway, San Francisco, January 3 —Word wis received at the Merchants' Exchange to" night that a man, half naked, was Been on a rock near Point Benito, at the en trance to the Golden Gate, crying for help. The sea was running high and the waves were dashing over the rock Tbe life-saving station at the Cliff House was notified. An officer of the life-saving station sud that the one boat used for such service was not in order to be sent to ssa, though he regretted the fact. No other boat could reach the rock. The night is one of the coldest of the season and it is boiieved to be impossible for tie castaway to maintain existence until daybreak. At the Merchants' Exchange the opinion wag expressed that the un fortunate was some fisherman whose boat had bo?n swamped, and who by siperhumau efforts had reached tho rack. AN iWHI, AVALANCHE, (even People Stilled' by a Snow Slide at Sierra fit v. Sierra City, Oil., January 3.-—A fatal •nd destructive accident occurred here today, whereby seven people lost their Ives—six women and one boy. Four louses were almost entirely wrecked, including the Roman Catholic church. 1 sonwslide commenced at the Sierra Juttes flume and swept with terrific brce, carrying everything before it. tome miraculous escapes from instant ceath occurred, but full and exact Particulars are yet unknown. One (hinaman is still buried, and a little girl. Willing hands came promptly to tie rescue and speedily got the bodies fom the fatal drift. A spark of life still pmained in two of the bodies, but rem edies proved unavailing. More slides re expected, and the gloom is deep over tie entire community. Mrs. Rich, two taughters and son are dead. Miss lyan, of Downieville, and the wife of T. J. Mooney, with her daughter, Miss Jthel Langdon, are also dead. The lat er were old and respected residents, hiving lived here for thirty years. Tbe Eclipse Observers. San Francisco, January 3.—The fol lowing has been received here: Lick Observatory, January 3—Tele grams from the American and English tclipse expeditions to Africa show that tic.-c expeditions failed to secure photo graphs of the corona, owing to cloudy veather. The cable between Cayenne, Ibuth America, and Trinidad is broken, and therefore no news has yet been re ceived from the eclipße parties sent by the Lick Observatory and by the Royal Astronomical Society to stations in South America. (Signed) E. S. Holden. Canon IMablo Robbers. Prepcott, Ariz., January 3. —James Lee, of Mountain meadow Mormon mas sacre fame, was lodged in jail here last light, charged with complicity in the Oefion Diablo train robbery, last April. Warrants had been out for some time for tho arrest of him and his brother. The latter is still at large. At the time of ttie robbery they wore running what is known as Lee's ferry, on the Colorado river, where the principals iv the train robbery are alleged to have received fresh horses. Fire at Oakdale. Oakdalk, Cal., January 3.—Moulton's ball was destroyed by fire this evening. The building, which was a two-story frame structure, and owned by L. W. Smallwcod. was valued at $2,000; in surance, $1,500. E. B. Small wood, whose furniture rooms and undertaker's rooms occupied the first floor, sustained a loss of $1,600, partly insured. Drs. Endicott & Stratton, who occupied the second floor, lost everything. They were insured for $800. Santa Barbara's Isolation. Santa Barbara, January 3.—The break on the railroad near Camulos has not yet been repaired. No trains or maiW have arrived for twelve days. Steamers from the north and south touch here almost every day. A telegram was today sent to the Postmaster-Gsnera) at Washington, asking that the mail be sent by steamer. Bold Burglary at Pomona. I Pomona, Cal., January 3.—One of the boldest burglaries ever committed here was perpetrated at the residence of Mrs. Sarah Davis last night. Notwithstand ing that the house was occupied by sleep ing people, overy room was ransacked, and the thieves secured $1,050 and some Bilver plate. A Dry Gosdi Fullure. Hfaldsburg, January 3. —W. Rosen berg Co., the largest dry goods firm of this city, made an assignment this morn in z for the benefit of their creditors, to B. Marks. The amount of their in debtedness will probably reach several thousand dollars. The company has a branch at Seattle, Washington. The Sound Country Frozen Up. Seattle, Wash., January 3. —The coldest weather for years prevails here at present, and the rivers emptying into the Sound are frozen up, and many steamers are unable to obtain fresh water. Hlclioy and Uleaaon. San Francisco, January 3. —It is an nounced tonight that the Golden Gate Club has succeeded in arranging a match for February 12th between Pete McCoy and Charlie Gleason. A Coaster Killed. Seattle, "Wash., January 3.—Norman D. Cox, aged 14, while coasting today, ran his sled into a telegraph pole. His chest struck with such force that he raptured his heart, and he died in five minutes. Ready for the Jury. San Diego, January 4. —The testimony is all in in the case of Clendenin, who shot Judge Pierce, and the case will go to the jury tomorrow. Not a Very Pleasant Thought. Before Dudley's visit to Indianapolis his friends at Washington declared that President Harrison would not dare to al low his arrest. This estimate of the hold of the briber on the President has been justified. Dudley has gone to Indianap olis and come away again, in spite of war rants in the hands of the United States offi cials and tbe efforts of the men who swore them out to have them served. It is not a pleasant thought that one of the most conspicuous criminals in the country can force the President of the United States to protect him by the threat that if punished he will prove the President a particeps criminit. —[Macon Telegraph. A Perilous factor In Legislation. In the earlier days of the Republic when a new State was admitted into the Union it was the faßhion to send the brainiest men it had to the Senate. But tbe fashion has changed. Look over the list from the two Dakotas and Washing ton. They have picked out their richest men. Speculators, corporation attor neys, land-grabbers, mine-owners or cattle kings have pushed their way to the front and have become a perilous factor in all legislation affecting moneyed or corporate interests.—[Philadelphia Record. BEYOND THE ROCKIES. The Senatorial Contest in the Buckeye State. A JOB PUT OP ON MR. BRICE. Treasurer Burkes Painful Situation Down in Guatemala. Eastern Echoes. I Associated Press Dispatches to the Hebald. Columbus, Ohio, January 3—There is no appreciable change in the relative strength of the Senatorial candidates, but a great deal of work has been done. An effort was made early in the day to create a sensation in a business way by trying to force Calvin S. Brice to a settle ment in connection with the old Lake Erie and Western railway. Brice was President of the Lake Erie and Western before the reorganization after the re ceivership, and still holds that position. His callers were V. C. Ward and J. C. Crossman, local ticket brokers. Ward accosted Brice, and after inquiring into his business relations, presented a roll of old coupon tickets, nearly 400, which he said had been repudiated, and de manded a settlement. He said he pro posed to hold Brice responsible, and the latter replied that he knew nothing about it, but if he had a claim about which there was a dispute, he should brine suit and a proper settle ment would follow. The friends of Brice pay little attention to the per formance and are proceeding with the business before them. It is reported that all the candidates for Speaker of the House have with drawn in favor of Hysell, who is Brice's candidate. There is an unconfirmed rumor that the Democrats will seat Marquis for Lieutenant-Governor, and run Governor Campbell against Brice for Senator. WOOLEN < HLOKOI ORIttED. A mysterious Tragedy at Trenton, New Jersey. Trenton, N. J., January 3.—The dead body of Mrs. Kniflin, wife of Dr. Arthur 8. Kniffin, was found on the floor of her bedroom this morning. Near by lay the unconscious figure of a young lady who had been staying with the family. Both had apparently been chloroformed. Miss Purcell after some efforts was re vived. She said during the night she was awakened by Mrs. Kniffin, who was screaming, that there were burglars in the house. Miss Purcell sprang from bed to call for help, but was seized by a man, who applied the drug to her face. Mrs. Kniffin was seized by another man, who pressed the end of a bed-quilt saturated with chloro form to her nose. That is the last Miss Purcell remembered till resuscitated by tbe physicians. The whole bouse was in great confusion, every drawer being I emptied and the furniture scattered about. Miss Pursell had almost entirely re covered from her prostration this even ing. Sne still insists on tbe truth of her story of burglary, although the police can find so little to justify this theory that they are not looking for the alleged bur glars. Dr. Kniffin reached Trenton from Broadway tonight, and was immediately taken under escort of deteclives to the Police Station and subjected to a privato interview. The police say the doctor is not under arrest. Diabolical Treatment. Wheaton, Ills., January 3.—The State Board of Charities, by direction of the Governor, is investigating the manner of caring for insane patients at the poor house. The evidence shows that two violently insane women were confined in zinc-lined cells with no closets or other necessaries; that the cells were cleaned only once or twice a month, and the women bathed once a week, by male attendants, there being no female help; that these women tore the clothes they wore off and remained in the cells naked; that one had her hands tied behind her and took her food from a plate on the floor with her teeth, like a dog. The managers say the place is not intended for insane, and they could do no better. New York's Death Rate. New York, January 3.—Today was balmy with sunshine such as never was seen in New York City before at this time of year. Tho deaths today numbered 220, against 125 yesterday, and 165 Wednesday. This is something unprece dented at this time of year. Pneumonia , bronchitis and consumption show an increase over the standard. The num ber of policemen reported sick is 357, showing a steady increase. The increase in the number of deaths is attributed to 1« grippe, and the diseases which follow that malady. Kelley's condition. Washington, January 3—Congress man Kelley is slightly improved tonight. His throat trouble is not a new develop ment, as he submitted to a surgical operation for the removal of this growth in 18S3. About a week ago he con tracted a heavy cold, which developed into a very severe case of intestinal catarrh, accompanied by a copious and obstinate diarrhoea, which has resulted in great weakness and a general break ing down of the system. Unlucky Bridge Builders. Springfield, Mass., January 3.—The fifth span of the iron bridge being built between Holyoke and South Hadley Falls was blown down this morning, carrying down three men a distance of seventy feet into the river. One was killed and the others hurt. Twenty-five other workmen were warned in time to escape. Birmingham, Ala., January 3. —An unfinished trestle on tbe Brierfield, Bloc ton and Birmingham railroad fell yester day morning, carrying down twenty-five carpenters at work on the structure. David J. Webb and Carl Clark were killed, and twenty others were injured. Several of the injured may die. Another Colombian Seizure. New York, January 3.—Another ves sel flying the American flag, has been seized by the Colombian gunboat La Popa. Advices have been received by Schepp & Co., of this city, saying their vessel, Frederick L. Sqhepp, has been seized while calling for cocoanuts on the San Bias coast. A dispatch from Wash ington says the State Department has little information in regard to the seiz ures recently made by the Colombian Government, but full particulars are ex pected daily. Liquor Brands Counterfeited. Cincinnati, January 3.—The premises of the Globe Company, wholesale liquor dealers, were searched today upon the complaint of an agent for a certain brand of liquors, who alleged this company was counterfeiting the brand. The result was the discovery not only of counterfeits of this brand, bat of nearly every other well known brand. In some cases the cases for shipment were imitated, and to protect them from observation in transit were provided with a plain outer case. Fire in a Store. Colfax, Wash., January 3. — Fire broke out early this morning in the general merchandise establishment of Kuhn & Bowman, destroying almost the entire stock. Tbe fire originated in the clothing dopartment. Four clerks, in cluding Mr. Bowman, barely escaped suffocation. Later—Kuhn A Bowman's store, with its entire contents was destroyed; loss about $75,000, insurance $50,000. A Painful Situation. New Orleans, January 3.—An even ing paper says, according to an interview with a representative of the Honduras Progress, a newspaper published in Tegucigalpa, Major Burke, the defaulting State Treasurer of Louisiana, 6aid rela tive to his return to Louisiana, that he would probably not be ablo to leave his Honduras interests until the beginning of March, next. It was a painful situ ation for him to be in, but he would have to endure it for some months to come. The Strike Ex tending-. Evansville, Ind., January 3.—Tho strike of the freight crews on the Mackay system of roads is spreading. Late to night it was learned from a reliable source that the switchmen, brakemen and conductors on the Peoria, Decatur and Evansville and the Air Line roads have been ordered out. It is also under stood that the men on the Cincinnati, Wabash and Michigan, the latest acquisi tion of Mackay, wiil jain the strikers. 4 Cigarette Trust. Richmond, Va., January 3. —The American Tobacco Company, chartered in New Jersey last week, is said to repre sent an immense cigarette trust. Allen & Ginter, of this city; Duke & Son, of Durham, N. C.; Kinney Brothers, of New York and Richmond; Goodw n, of New York, and Bonsack's Cigarette Ma chine Works, of Lynchburg, are in the combination. A Cuban Embezzler. New York. January 3.—The hearing of Cortes, a Cuban official arrested last night, charged with embszzlement, went over until tomorrow in consequence of the accused not having had time to see counsel. The charge against Cortes is that he lefc Cuba, carrying with him $200,000 belonging to the city of Havana, and coupons taken from bonds valued at $500,000. The Corn Corner Attacked. Chicago, January 8. —A blow at grain corners from a new direction was made today in a suit begun by Samson & Co., who ask that Boy den & Co. be compelled to disclose all of their transactions in the corner in No. 2 corn, in November, and to make good the loss of $40,000 sus tained by complainants, who were pre vented by the corner from filling legiti mate contracts. Fire in an Asylum. Kansas City, January 3.—Fire in one of the State asylums for the blind at Kan sas City, Kansas, created some excite ment this evening. The fire was in the broom factory, having caught from a defective flue. The inmates of the asylum were removed before they were told what was the matter, and uo acci dents occurred. Loss small. Plr- Iron Kelley's malady. Washington, January 3.—The Star says Congressman W. D. Kolley, cf Pennsylvania, has probably appeared on the floor of tho House for the last time. He is suffering from a virulent cancer in the throat, and is too weak to be moved from his apartments in the Biggs House. Committed Suicide. • Philadelphia, January 3. —Willy Gay lord, for years a heavy manipulator of railroad securities and an organizer of railroad corporations, committed suicide last night or this morning in a cell in the County Prison. He was awaiting trial on the charge of fraud in negotiat ing railroad lands. Eastern Echoes. LouißNathal, a well known author and dramatist, died at New York from la grippe. At Houma, La., Calvin Morris waa hanged for the murder of Alfred Harris, in October last. Mayjor Cregier, of Chicago, has issued an order that all gambling houses in the city must be closed. At Louisville, Ga., Philmore Ball, colored, was hanged for the murder of J. L. Evans, a white man. Tue health officers report that there are five thousand cases of la grippe in Cleveland, Ohio. No fatal cases yet. The Democratic caucus at Frankfort, Kentucky, nominated Hon. J. S. Black burn to succeed himself as United States Senator from Kentucky. Physicians examined Mrs. Hannah South worth, the slayer of Pettus, and advised that she be removed from prison. She is suffering from congestion of the lungs, and at intervals is subject to hemorrhages. Tbe Portuguese schooner Veluria, which left New York for the Madeiras September 7th, is probably loßt. She was commanded by Captain Maurice Franco, and had a crew of nine men, be sides five passengers. A Long Backward Stride. It is only by a gross perversion of the meaning of the Constitution that the hordes of election officers proposed by Sherman's bill could be endowed with a life tenure, as this bill contemplates. The officers under this bill would be subject to removal the same as the officials who hold under the Four Years' Tenure act, the let ter of which is violated every day. Con gress could not fix any tenure of office, long or short, which should undertake to limit the President's power of ap pointment and removal. This bill is a long backward stride to the prin ciples of ancient Federalism. A dis tinguished Republican statesman said not many years ago, that the political principles of Alexander Hamilton were constantly gaining ground, while the principles of Thomas Jefferson were waning. Bo far as the intelligent masses of this country are concerned, the declar ation of the late President Garfield was not true. The vital principles of Jeffer sonian Democracy are steadily gaining, not merely in this country, but through out tbe civilized world.—[Philadelphia Record. Had All He Wanted. (Solicitously).—"Grindstone, stop a moment. That's a fearful cold yon have. Are you taking anything for it?" (Hurrying on): "Notin the shape of advice, Kiljordan."—[Chicago Tribune.