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OATLY HERALD. " —rUBLISKBD— BKVKN DAYS A WKKK. ~JOBIPH D. LT«CH. JAMS J. AV«BB. AVERS & LYNCH. - PUBLISHERS. delivered bt carriers At tOc. per Week, or 80c. per month. Office ol PmMlcatlon, 128-125 Wert Second Street. Los Angeles. Telephone No. 156 TI'ESKW. JAWCARY 7, 189 Q. A Word of Friendly Advice to Our Railroads. When the round-trip ticket to all points oa the Missouri river was placed at $90, the travel to California became greater than ever it had been before or since. All parts of the State had the benefit of this travel, and Southern Caii fornia took a jump forward which ma-1 terially added to her population and prosperity. The railroad companies, we! were told at the time, found that the re duced rates with increased traffic paid much better than high rates with paucity of business. They not only gave the itinerant public the benefit of the reduc tion, but they were liberal to excursion agents, immigration agents and all sorts of agencies for steering the tourist, the home-seeker and pleasure hunter to this coabt. To an ordinary business compre hension the success of the reduction in increasing the traffic twenty-fold proved the wisdom of the new policy. It made the roads pay, increased the population of the coast, placed its exhaustless re sources npon the plane of greater devel opment, infused new life and activity into commerce and production, increased real values, and was generally produc tive of benefit to all classes and all in terests. But in an evil hour for all par ties, the railroad authorities returned .to their former fallacious policy. They said that if the public will stand $00 for a ticket, they will not "kick" at a trifling raise, and put up the price to $80. But the public has not responded. The $20 raise was considered by them as an item of interest, and they fell off very markedly in their patronage. Whilst the lines to California adopted this new and injurious policy, the rail roads of the East did not fail to take ad vantage of it. Under the low rate of fare, the tourists and pleasure-seekers who had before made Florida their win ter Mecca, turned their backs upon the Everglades, and swarmed to Southern California. But as soon as the rate of fare was raised to California, the Eastern roads at once took advan tage of the situation, and made a very material reduction in the round-trip rate to Florida. By this means they won back the winter pleasure-seekers, who had found in California a better climate and more attractive scenery, to the lately abandoned hostelries of the State where swamps abound and the alligator is abroad in the land. We would like to put a plain fact be fore the understanding of the railroad people who are interested in increasing the business of their roads to this State, and ask them if they have not tried the high-rate plan long enough now to show them that it don't pay nearly as well as the low rate. It is not alone in the amount of falling off in itinerant traf fic that the railroads are injured, but they are weakening the capacity of the State to give them as ample profits as they could secure by the prosperity that attends every community that is rapidly adding to its population and thus increas ing its wealth. With cheap overland fares California will settle up rapidly; but if the fare is kept at its present high figure the pro cess will be slow. Under the former policy we will add to our population in two years what it would take six years to secure wit'u high rates. We believe that the overland com panies would consult their own best in terests by returning to the low rate. We know they would greatly benefit the State by doing so. This is a good time, at the beginning of the year, for them to reconsider their passenger tariff, and re store the rates to the figure that proved so talismanic five years ago in producing an era of unexampled prosperity. Mr. McLain and His Card. An individual named McLain pub lishes a wordy and ill-devised and ill advised card in the Herald this morn ing. This gentle contractor is doubtless unaware of that aphorism of Goethe which wound up with the pregnant sen tence that silence is golden. In the front portion of the aphorism, the hind part of which we have quoted, the Herr Goethe says that speech at best is only silvern. As a matter of fact, Mr. McLain's speech is scarcely up to the average of pewter. He says that there was a proposition to evade .the law by giving the contract for the remodeling of the old City Hall to J. M. Skinner. No statement to this effect was made in the Herald. What we said was tbat Mr. Skinner had offered to do the work for $1,600. He also says that he did the work which Mr. Skinner offered to do for $1,600 for $1,200. This cannot be known, as neither Mr. Skinner's plan nor Mr. McLain's pUn was ever adopted by the Council. What the Herald does know, and what the citizens know, from a plain statement of the facts, is that the law was flagrantly violated, of which fact McLain's card itself gives abundant evidence. McLain denies that there were two bills from the California Lumber Com pany, two from Crane Bros., and he adds that there was no bill whatever from the Los Angeles Lumber Company. The list of demands printed in the local columns of the Her ald was taken from the de mands in the hands of the Mayor, which is the source of authoritative, official statements in such matters, maugre Mr. McLain's somewhat insigni ficant ipse dixit. Mr. McLain says tbat there was a special contract made with Mr. Fostnir by the city to furnish the work on one of the bills for $299. No such con tract was ever made by the city. No each contract was ever approved by the THE LOS AW GELS DAILY BBRALD: TUESDAY MORNING JANUARY 7 1890. Council, or signed by the Mayor on behalf of the city, as required by the charter. He also says that the bill for $101 rendered by Fosmir was for additional work, which was necessary. The stopping short at $299 —one dollar less than the $300 limit which the charter requires to be contracted for by bids—and the addition of this $101 as a supplemental bill—proves completely what the Herald has all along asserted, that the provisions of the charter are being shamefully evaded, and the bills split up into fractions to give a color of legality to the fraud. The Mayor's message is authority for the statement that the work cost $1,500 more than it should have cost. So much for Mr. McLain and his card. We shall have something to say of the general merits of tbe question raised by the Herald elsewhere. A Reminder and a Reminiscence. The City Charter provides that the Council shall cause proposals te be pub lished in the press for bids to take care of the city moneys. Last year, in spite of the fact that a responsible Savings Bank of Los Angeles' undertook to take care of the municipal funds, and to pay therefor a handsome premium, these funds were kept in the favored banks of the City Ring. By this unlawful and indefensible action the city of Los Angeles has been defrauded of a large sum of money, which would have been exceedingly valuable in such times as these, and this was done absolutely without any warrant. For the past year, owing to this infamous action of the City Council, the burdens of the taxpayers have been largely and un necessarily increased. Still, on tbe scriptural principle of letting the dead past bury its dead, we address our selves to the present conjunc- ture, and remind the City Clerk tbat, according to the charter, he must, as soon as possible after the first Tues day in January, advertise for proposals from banks and other responsible per sons, to take care of the city funds for a consideration. He would do well, there fore, to insert an advertisement to that purport at once; and tbe Council would do well, when the bids are received, to award the custody of the public moneys to the lowest and bast bidder. There ought to be some mode of judicial pro cedure which would render the Councilmen personally liable for such a gross breach of the law. The charter is singularly deficient in providing penalties for the infraction of its provisions. Doubtless, however, the law itself, if invoked, contains in its i range, common law or equitable, some protection to the hard-bested taxpayer. If it does not, it ought to contain it. For every dollar out of which the City Treasury has been defrauded by this peculiar policy, the Councilmen indi vidually and collectively ought to be responsible. A Gross Breach of the Law. Mayor Hazard returned yesterday to the Council without his approval the items for the remodeling of the old City Hall animadverted upon in the Herald His message was that of an honest man and a good citizen who sympathized with the taxpayers. Of course the Coun cil paid no attention to his protest, and referred the extortionate items to the Building Committee, who had incurred these expenses without warrant of law. That body will next Monday report that the items are all right, the Mayor's veto will be overruled, and the taxpayers will be robbed, as usual. That is the size of it. In addition, the Mayor, in a special message, has drawn attention to the eva sion of the charter involved in splitting up bills so that they shall fall below two regulations of our municipal organic law, the first of which provides that no bill of the amount of $300 shall be contracted for without an order of Council, and the second ordains that for any work exceed ing $300 in amount bids shall be invited. Our esteemed contemporary, the Ex press, attempts to break the force of our arraignment of the Council for its mani fest violation of the law. In the same issue of that paper which contained its feeble plea, there were printed two able messages of a Eepublican Mayor almost identical in language and presentment of facts with the articles which have ap peared in the Herald. Instead of ac cepting Mr. Hazard's counsel, and call ing a halt in their nefarious proceedings, the grave and reverend seigneurs of the City Council accff at these documents as "scolding" messages. Things have come to a pretty pass when a Council, unani mously Republican, instead of accepting the honest and sagacious counsels of a Republican Mayor, attempt to cast ridicule upon them. The people have their eye upon these civic individuals. Popular resentment may be delayed, but it is gathering a resistless force. Every member of the Council who on Monday next shall vote to despoil the city treas ury by paying these unlawful bills will have made a record for himself which years of repentance will not blot out. The text of a franchise to a new wßter company was published yesterday in the Herald. There eeems to be a dis position in the Council to hurriedly pass the measure. As it grants the rights and privileges incident to the public distribution of water for fifty years, we may well aek the Council to go slow in the matter. Quite a plum is put into the franchise in the shape of requiring the company to furnish water for extin guishing fires, for public buildings, etc., free of charge. Curiously enough these very rights were reserved to the city of San Francisco in the original franchise to George H. Pjn6ign,under which the SpriDg Valley Water Company now operates; but in spite of the reservation the city has been a rate-payer for years for all the water it consumes. The argument used by the company to enforce rates against the city was that if the city got its water free the consumers would have to make up for it in higher rates than would otherwise be charged. In other words, the water furnished for public uses was worth so much to the company. If the city got that much water for noth ing, its value to the company was recom pensed by raising the rate to consumers. Should the city determine hereafter to own its own water works, this franchise, if granted, would stand very much in the way of carrying out so desirable a purpose. It would not be safe for any fair minded person to allow the fact that Mr. Parnell has been made co-respondent in the suit for divorce, instituted by Captain O'Shea, to raise any serious prejudice against the great champion of Irish home-rale. There are many suspicious circumstances connected with the asso ciation of the name of Mr. Parnell with a scandal of this prominent character at this particular time. The case of Parnell against the Times is at that peculiar stage where the commission is making up its final report to be submitted to Parliament. Although Captain O' Shea's alleged domestic grievance dates back as far as 1886, it is somewhat singular that he should have waited to this par ticular time to ventilate it before the courts. It will not be forgotten that O'Sbea appeared in the witness-box for the Timet to prove the genuineness of the forgeries of Pigott, who took refuge in suicide when his crimes were discov ered. Nor will it add to the weight of O'Sbea's charges against Parnell that the latter endorsed him six years ago as a safe person to represent the Irish Na tionalists in Parliament, and who, when he secured his seat, betrayed both hia friend and his cause. O'Shea is evi dently a political commodity, and looks for a reward commensurate with the value of his services if he can help Salis bury at this crisis by giving the Home- Rule party a black eye through their leader. *'A Possible Case." A large and appreciative audience as sembled at the Los Angeles theater last night to greet the first presentation in this city of A Possible Case by the Union Square Theater Company. The play is a capital one, and the personnel of the combination embraces artists of marked and varied talents. In the second act husbands become as thick as huckleber ries on a June hillside in an Eastern State. In fact, as to the Seiiora Men doza, they recall Queen Glumdalca's in junction to one of her favorite maids, in Fielding's comic opera of Tom Thumb, "to pick out as many husbands as you think you'll need." The play was presented in a specially attractive manner, the stage settings being often novel and charming. The plot is ingenious, the dialogue sparkling and the company far beyond the usnal range of such organizations. Mr. M. A. Kennedy, as the much married "Otto Brinkerhoff," developed abilities of the first class as a comedian. No man now on the stage could give a mel lower interpretation to this rule, which requires humor of a high order, a digni fied yet genial presence, elegant manners and the bonhommie of the practiced man of the world. All these were embodied in an exceptional degree in Mr. Kennedy. This gentleman is an old California favorite. As the manager of the Bush street theater, some seven or eight years ago, he wa? one of the most popular men on the Pacific Coast. His notable merit has heen appreciated all over the Ameri can continent, and we are glad to record the fact that he improves with the pass ing years. He is quite entitled to rank in the same grade as Ben Do Bar and Mark Smith, and he possesses a delicacy which both of those great actors, who, like himself, wore managers, lacked. The company in its ensemble is clever to an unusual degree. The "Violet Men dozi" of Miss Helen Russell is a clear cut study which is heightened by a most picquant face and graceful presence. Her arch play of expression is a histrionic endowment. Miss Belle Archer made an interesting rendition of "Gladys," and reinforced good dramatic methods by beauty of face and person. 1 The villain of the piece, "Stfior de Vidas," is a capital hit in character acting. His make-npand accent are notably thorough. In this specialty Mr. Herbert Archer has really achieved something essentially artistic. Mr. Charles Dickson made a very pleasant impression as "Allen Weeks," and the whole caste was far out of the common. No greater triumph has ever been chronicled in Los Angeles than the Bet ting of this play, the company bringing its own eceDery. We may add that no play has been presented in California since Diplomacy was given with Mon tague, Maude Granger and Jeffreys- Lewis in the caste—all in their prime that assures a more even enjoyment. The Mexican glamour is an offset to the brilliant Monte-Carlo and European in cidents of Diplomacy. The success of A Possible Case has been all that could have been hoped for by the management. No one who loves an eveniug of genuine enjoyment should fail to put in an ap pearance for at least one night of the season. It holds the boards at the Los Angeles for the remainder of the week. Juch opera Company. A telegram was received last night by Mr. Fennessey, agent of the Juch Opera Company, stating that the company will not play here this week. It is given aa a reason for their non-appearance that the railroad company will not guarantee the transit of the company to thia city. Thia seems strange in view of the fact that passengers are arriving here daily from the North. The company will play in San Francisco next week,and arrange ments will be made for a visit to Los Angeles later in tho season. Purchasers of tickets at tho advance sale will be re funded on presentation of their coupons at the box office. Cndellvered Telegrams At ihe Western Union Telegraph office, corner Court and Main streets, January 6, 1890 : 0. 8. Hardy, Robert Hteen H. G. Gwyn. M. A. Mayes, Jasper Woodward, W. C. Higgins. Mrs. Geo. H. Bancroft, Miss Lillie Kirke. There is an undelivered telegram at the Postal Telegraph office, No. 19 West First street, for G. A. Straub. BEYOND THE ROCKIES. Fatal Explosion of Naphtha at IJni ). Ohio. A SERIOUS MINING DISASTER. A Howling- Blizzard Prevailing in Kansas—La Wrippe's Many Victims. [Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald. Lima, Ohio, January 6.—Thia after noon one of the large stills of the naphtha works at the Standard's Solar Refinery exploded with a force felt all over the city. A number of the men at work were covered with debris. The oil immediately caught fire, causing consid erable excitement. William Culver, fore man, waa found insensible under a pile of brick with a bad gash in hia head. Peter Devine had his right leg broken in two places, and was badly bruised and burned. Their injuries are fatal. J. F. Deyman, William Murphy, J. L. Galler, L. E. Heleer, Walter Evans, Frank White snd John Sullivan were seriously burned. Charles Lahdkammer was thrown quite a distance into a tank of water and came near drowning. The fire was quickly extinguished. LA GRIPPE'S VICTIMS. Tlic Epidemic la No Hespector of Persons. New York, January 6 —The vital sta tistics for the twenty-four hours ended at noon today, show the number of deaths to be 146, a decrease of 100 compared with the previous twenty-four hours. It is believed at sanitary headquarters that the worst of the influenza epidemic is over. The sick list in the police depart ment, however, shows no abatement, but the reverse. Philadelphia, January 6.—Over 230 policemen of this city are sick of la grippe. .Three deaths due to the malady were reported today. One hundred and sixty-two deaths of pulmonary difficulties occurred last week. Boston, January 6. —Nineteen hundred pupils are absent from the public schools and down with hifluer.z*. The death rate per day is higher than ever known before. Washington. January 6.—Secretary Windom ia suffering with a severe cold, and it is feared he has la grippe. Con gressman C. H. Gibson, of Maryland, is seriously ill in Baltimore from pneu monia consequent to la grippe. Albany, N. V., January 6.—La grippe is creating a pro ound impression in the Mohawk valley. At Amsterdam there are 2,000 cases. Among the sufferers are the three principal physicians. At Fort Plain 5,000 have it; at Canajoharie, 3,000. Several hundred cases are re ported at Fultonville and St. Johnsville. Cornwall, Ont., January 6 —Three hundred cases of influenza are here. Niagaha Falls, Ont., January 6. —La grippe has broken out here. Over one hundred cases are reported, principally among railway employees. The men on the Michigan Central and Grand Trunk roads have to work double time. London, January 6. —The number of cases of influerza in this city is con stantly increasing. A large number of nurses in the hospitals, doctors and clergymen are prostrated. The epidemic continues to spread among the police. Many members of the police force of Bradford are incapacitated for work by ' influenza. A number of employees in the postal and telegraph service at Belfast, are suffering from influenza. The disease has also attacked maDy college students and professors. Paris, January 6.—lnfluenzi is de creasing here. Gibraltar, January o.—lnfluenza has made its appearance here. Tnere is no interruption of communication between the American squadron of evolution and the shore. A MINE DISASTER. miners Imprisoned Beblnd a Wall of Fire. Wilkebbarre, January 6—At the Nottingham mine, in Plymouth, this evening, where a cave-in occurred last week, a tenific explosion of !gas oc curred. The brattice work and timber at once caught fire and burned furiously. Five men were caught between the cave-in and fire, and their exit cut off. The report spread, and in a few minutes a hundred men, women and children gathered at the mouth of the slope. The wives and children of the imprisoned menj lost all centrol of themselves, and sorrowful scenes were witnessed. About half an hour after the fire broke out, John Humphreys and John Rich ards were lowered into the mine. When they reached the fire they heard cries and shouts on the other side. Putting tfa ;ir hands before their faces they plunged through the fire, and dragged the five imprisoned men out. one by one, uninjured. Thomas Richards, who was in another part of the mine, was fatally burned. Water is coming through near where the cave-in occurred last week, and the miners fear the river may break into the mine. Should this hap pen many mines would be drowned out beyond the hope of reclaiming them,and operations would have to be suspended. Blizzard In Kansas. ' Emporia, Kan., January 6.—The worst blizzard of tho season struck this place yesterday afternoon and has been in progress ever since, with a fierce west wind, accompanied by snow. The ther mometer fell fifty-two degrees in a few hours, and this morning was twenty-four degrees below the freezing point." The storm continues this evening, and it is feared railroad travel will be delayed Will Tour the State. San Fbabcisco, January 6.—The Rail road Commissioners will soon undertake a tour of the Btate, visiting the various shipping and passenger centers, with the view of acquainting themselves with the railroads ol the State, and to give any who have complaiuts to make, an oppor tunity of ventilating them. Tbe Launching- of a Ship. Bath, Me., January 6— The full-rigged ship Rappahannock, the first built here since 1835, was launched from the yard of Sewall&Co. today. The Rappahannock is tbe largest vessel ever built in Maine, and her carrying capacity exceeds that of any square-rigged wooden ship built on the Atlantic Coaat. A. Sewall &Co , and others of San Francisco, ar i owners. As the outcome of President Harrison's visit here in August, Mr. Sewall received from the President a framed portrait of the President, with the following auto granh inscription: t "May every voyage of the ship Rap pahennock be prosperous. "Benjamin Habribon." The portrait is hung up in the cabin of the ship. i\if uM vi' <;omniEKCE. Pioaoitd Amendment* and Addi tion* to the Law. • Washington, January 6.—ln the third annual report, submitted to Congress to day, of tho Interstate Commerce Com mission, recommecdatioi.s looking to the amendment of the law in the following particulars are made: First-An amendment to the first sec tion to correct ambiguities of language and make more definite the transporta tion, both interstate and international, intended to be subject to the provisions of the act. Second —An amendment to the thivd section, relating to the rating and inter change of traffic between carriers; to better provide for through traffic at through rates over connecting lines. Third —An amendment to the twelfth section, relating to the attendance of witnesses, and the taking of testimony by depositions. "Fourth—An amendment to the twenty second section, allowing the free trans portation of persons injured in railway accidents, and of the families of railroad employee). The new sections Ruegested are: First —The piohibition of the pay ment of commissions by one lailroad company to ticket agents of another. Second—The abolition of ticket bro kerage, by requiring the ticket seller to be duly authorized by the railroad com pany which assumes the ref ponsibility for his acts. Third—Requiring mileage to be paid for cars used belonging to private companies or individuals. Fourth —The extension of the law lo make it apply to common carriers by water routes. Eaatern Echoes. There have been no new developments in the Senatorial situation in Ohio. The Lee-Deming Grocery Company, of St. Louis, hai confessed judgment in the sum of $68,000. The firm's liabilities are $242,000; assets, $262,000. General T. O. Jordan, a prominent ex- Confederate and for several years At torney-General of Arkansas, was found dead on his ranch near Gainesville, Texas. At Keene, N. H., freight trains on the South Chester railroad collided. En-i gineer S. W. Slate and Fireman Gibson were killed. Others are reported in jured. A misplaced switch wrecked a freight train on the Shenandoah Valley road near Charlestown, W. Va. The engi neer and fireman were badly, and the brakeman fatally, hurt. The engagement is reported of Miss Ellen Bayard, youngest daughter of the ex-Secretary of State, to Count Lewen haupt, formerly connected with the Swe dish legation in Washington. It is rumored that Sir Charles Tupper will shortly cross the ocean again, and that he will be authorized by the British Government to assist Sir Julian Paunce fote in the fishery negotiations at Wash ington. Dispatches from Kansas and Missouri say a blizzard of considerable seventy prevails throughout those two States. The temperature is generally near the zero point, and the snow is drifting badly. A band of Mexican horse-thieves am- I bushed a party consisting of three men, two women and four children, near Chi huahua, Saturday, and shot and killed two of the men. The murderers sup posed the murdered men were officers. A military guard has been sent to arrest the Mexicans, and if captured they will be summarily dealt with. Edward Church, a 17-year-old boy, living with his father, near Huntington, W. Va., is charged with poisoning the entire family by putting poison in the bread. One little girl is dead and four others of the family are in a critical con dition. The young murderer confessed to a friend and then fled. He has not been apprehended. Application has been made for a receiver for the furniture house of R. Dsimel & Bros., the most extensive manufacturers of parlor furnituie in Chicago. Frank A. Helmer has been aopointed receiver in bonds for $100,000. The total liabilities will probably ex ceed $300,000, while the assets at the most liberal estimate cannot exceed $250 000. The heaviest claims are in the East. A mail train on the Pennsylvania rail road, when passing through Tyrone, killed Yardmaster Wolfgang and prob ably fatally injured Conductor Worley. The men were standing on the track and were struck by the engine. At Benn's creek, about ten miles east of Pittsburg, the s.me train ran over and killed two unknown men, supposed to be Hungarian laborers. They stepped out of their cabin on to the track directly in front of the engine, and were run down and horribly mangled* Cable Flashes. Parnell has retained Bir Charles Rus i ell in the O'Shea case. The condition of the Dowager Empress Augusta is improving rapidly. Queen Victoria has rheumatism and wilt not be able to open Parliament in person. President Carnot has entirely recov ered from an attack of influenza. the remains of the ex-Empress of Bra zil have been brought to Lisbon from Oporto. The interment will be in the Breganza pantheon. The Boulangists are concentrating their political efforts in Paris. The latest phase of the Boulangist conspiracy is that the municipal government whall con trol the police, and Boulanger shall con trol the municipal government. It is confirmed that Russia has sent a circular note to all the powers that signed Ihß treaty of Berlin, in r> gard to the violation of the treaty by the present condition of things in Bulgaria, and par ticularly by the pretended sovereignty of Prince Ferdinand. More doubt is now cast upon the report of the massacre of Dr. Peters. Den hardt wires to the Emm Relief Commit tee that he has received from Dr. Peters addressed to the committee, letters which are of later date than that of the re ported massacre, and which were written at a place on the Peters' route, beyond that at which it was reported he was killed. The London Times' Lisbon correspon dent says: "Anotber note from Lord Salisbury was delivered today. It ia be lieved that the note threatens that un less prompt satisfaction for Pinto's action is made, there will be a rupture of diplo - matic relations. The Cabinet immedi ately convened." A dispatch to the Standard says the Portuguese Govern ment has employed German engineers to lay torpedoes in the Tagus in view of possible action by the British fleet. SILVER BULLION As a Basis for National Bank Circulation. MR. JOHN JAY KNOX'S BILL. Text of the Measure, Supplemented with the Author's Argument in Its Support. Associated Press Dispatches to the Hbeam>.) New York, January 6.—John Jay Knox has prepared a bill which will be introduced in Congress- soon, the princi pal object of which is to provide for the use of silver bullion as a baßis for na tional bank circulation. The bill pro vides that after the passage of the act every national bank shall be authorized to issue circulating notes in an amount not exceeding 75 per cent. This circula tion shall be secured by United States bonds, or at the option of each bank one half of said 75 per cent, may be secured by a deposit with the Treasurer, under regulations to be prescribed by the Sec retary of the Treasury, of gold coin or bullion or silver bullion at the current market price. Whenever the markejt or cash value of bullion and United States bonds deposited is reduced below the amount of circulation issued, the Comp troller of Currency may demand and re ceive the amount of such depreciation in other bullion, or in gold and silver coin, to be deposited with the Treasurer as long as such depreciation shall con tinue. Or the amount of circulating notes of such bank may be reduced by charging the excess of circulation to the redemption fund. An account to be designated ''The National Bank Safety Fund," is authorized to be opened on the Treasurer's books by reducing the amount of United States notes now out standing $1,500,000, and by reducing the national bank redemption fund the same amount, and crediting three million dol lars to the safety fund. To Baid fund shall be added a duty of one-half of one per cent, each half year, upon the aver age amount of national bank notes in circulation. If any national bank becomes in solvent, and any of the circulating notes remain unpaid after the assets and indi vidual liability of the shareholders are ex hausted, such circulating notes shall be redeemed, cancelled and destroyed and the amount charged to -the safety fund. Mr. Knox, in explaining the provisions of the bill, said it is estimated that lost and unredeemed national bank notes amount to at least one per cent, during every twenty years; but only one-half the amount estimated to be lost is to be placed to tbe credit of the safety fund to cover the thirty per cent, of the circula tion not secured by bonds or bullion. It is not necessary, however, tbat this ap propriation should be used for the safety fund if serious objections are made, as the tax on the circulation, which amount ed in 1889 to $1,410,331, is abundant for creating and maintaining a sufficient fund for the absolute redemption of thirty per cent, of all tbe issues of all the national banks. The Comptroller's report for 1889 shows that during the last twenty-five years the total circulation of insolvent banknotes, each year, on an average, was $600,000, 30 per cent, of which would be $180,000. The tax on the cir culation last year was nearly eight times the amount of the safety fund required. If the circulation is increased, tne tax will be correspondingly increased, so that the amount to be added annually to the safety fund from it is, without doubt, abundantly sufficient to provide for 30 per cent, of all the insolvent banks of the country. The profit on the circulation under this proposition would not be large,but would be sufficient, to induce many, if not all, the smaller national bauks to deposit silver bullion and take out circulation. Mr. Knox estimates that at the end of the next twenty years, or at the date of payment of the four per cent bonds in 1902, a safety fund would have accumu lated of at least $25,000,000, so that from that time onward a sufficient amount of n itional bank circulation would remain permanently in existence, well secured by gold and silver bullion, and suffi ciently profitable, to make the present amount ol United States notes to respond to the demand of the business of the country. It would also give banks in the West as well as East, who have con fidence in the future value of silver, an opportunity to invest in that metal, and he believes such investments would be made for the next three years equal at least to $20,000,000 annually, and thus relieve the Treasury from excessive pur chases. V. S. SIPItHIE GOUBT. * Utah Case Decided—Toe Neag-le Case Met for Hearing. Washington, January 6.—The United States Supreme Court today rendered an opinion in the case of Nephi W. Clayton, appellant, versus the People of the Ter ritory of Utah. The appeal is from the Supreme Court of the Territory. This case arises ont of the peculiar situation of affairs in Utah caused by the Mormon question. Clayton was elected Auditor of Public Accounts of Utah in ISJ9, and has held the office ever since, refusing to turn over his office to Arthur Pratt, ap pointed to the place by Governor Murray, of Utah. It is contended that Clayton is unlawfully in office, for the reason that an act of the Legislature of Utah passed in 1852, creating the office and providing that it should be filled by popular election, is in contravention of the organic act of the Territory, which vested the appointment of all, except local, officers in the Gov ernor. The Supreme Court of Utah de cided against Clayton, and this court affirms the judgment. The decision of the State Supreme Court in the case of James Jack, elected Treasurer of the Territory, was also af firmed. The Neagle ease, arising out of the killing of Judge Terry in California last summer, was set down for argument March Ist, ne was also the case of the Tulare Railroad Company of California involving the right of the State to impose special taxation on railroads. Public Opinion Against Him. Trenton, N. J., January 6.—Dr. Kniffin, the husband of the woman found smothered to death in bed Friday morn ing, took an ounce of econite and gashed hiß wrists and throat with a razor. Doc tors were summoned and stanched the flow of blood. The jugular vein was not reached. Owing to the largeness of the dose of aconite, it acted as an emetic and was all thrown off. The doctor is' out of danger. He Bays he attempted his life because he was discouraged by the strong tide of public feeling against him.