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O/ULY HKRALR, —rUBIJSHBD— BKVKN DAYS A. WKKK. a — JOSEPH O. LYNCH. JAMBS J. ATBBS. AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. Entered at the postofflce at Los Angeles aa seoond-olass matter. I BMJVSKID BT CARRIERS At SOc. per HTcea. or SOc. per Month. TiailS BT MAIL, INCLUDING. POSTAGE ! Daily Hbbald, one year.. $8.00 Daily Hbrald, six months. *| Duly Hbbald, three months w sbkly Herald, one year W SBBUT Herald, six months 1.00 W skkly Hbrald, three months w IL .CSTBATBD HBBALD, per Copy AO The "Dally Herald" May be found ia San Francisco at the Palace hotel news-stand: in Chicago at the Postornce news-stand, 103 East Adams street; in Denver at Smith & Sons' new.-stand, Fifteenth and Lawrence streets. Office of Pmbiicatlon. 123-125 West Second •treet >.tm Angeles. Telephone No. 11>6 ■ATtIBPAV, IMIPART 11, 1880- Protection and Free Trade—Blame vs. Gladstone. [No. 2 1 Mr. James G. Blame, who at present occupies the responsible position of Sec retary of State of the United States in Mr. Harrison's Cabinet, has evidently been invited by the managers of the North American Review to respond to Mr. Gladstone's essay on Free Trade. To facilitate his part of the programme, he has undoubtedly been supplied with the proof-sheets of Mr. Gladstone's article. To this the eminent British statesman ■would certainly have interposed no ob jection. Nevertheless, as Mr. Gladstone devotee his whole article to one Mr. McKay, of New York, there is no actual controversy between these eminent gen tlemen nnless the statesman of Hawarden shall make a rejoinder to Mr. Blame; and, to employ the language of the law, Mr. Blame shall make a sur-rejoinder. All of Mr. Blame's efforts, both literary and oratorical, are characterized by an extremely lively style. He is often falla cious, but never dull. His extreme vivacity in repartee, as exemplified in his "Turkey Gobbler" reference to Rostoe Cockling, when both were contesting for supremacy as Republican leaders in the House of Representatives, undoubtedly lost the Presidential election to Mr. Blame in 18S4. Mr. Conkling had a most retentive memory, and a considera tion of the retnrns from the Utica dis trict in New York explains Mr. Blame's failure to carry the Empire State, and to Siorm the White House in that year. Probioly the presant is the only in stance in Mr. Blame's career as a con troversialist in which he is punctiliously and perseveringly polite. He recognizes the tremendous weight and dignity of Mr. Gladstone, and writes in a strain of high courtesy that will doubtless be quite acceptable to that distinguished gentle man, on the principle that "praiee from Sir Rupert is praise indeed." But after Mr. Blame has been specially courteous to his illustrious opponent, he enters upon the real energies of debate with heat and purpose. He has no hesitation in saying that Mr. Gladstone's purview is limited and curtailed by a narrow and English prism ; that he makes no allowance for differ ences of country, differences geograph ical and climatic, and so on, ad infini tum. After a great deal of disquisition that is not without ingenuity and elo quence, Mr. Blame gat 3 down to the overruling propositions as to free trade and protection. He absolutely dismisses the former as properly applicable to Great Britain, with her prodigious accu mulated wealth and unlimited capital at specially low rates of interest, but abso lutely foreign to the United States; and devotes himself to protection, pure and simple. In this connection, it may be as well to say that he empties into the controversy his "Twenty Years in Congress," a work which was written in a captivating style, and which, considering its author, was a remarkably fair performance to tbe Democratic leaders who followed and were contemporaneous with him. Iv his book, as in his reply to Mr. Gladstone's argument for free trado under any and all possible conditions, Mr. Blame indulges in an ingenious ar gument to break the force of the excep tional prosperity which resulted in the United States on the adoption of the Robert J. Walker low tariff of 1846. He claims that the disbursement of over one hundred millions of dollars in the several States of the Union, as an inci dent of the Mexican war, and the conse quent inpouring into the channels of com merce of the gold of California, were the causes of that exceptional and unprece dented prosperity, and he asserts that their surcease allowed the natural oper ations of the low tariff to assert them selves, and thus brought about the panic of 1837. We dismiss bis spirited narrative of precedent panic-! aa things with which all readers of American history are familiar. Mr. Blame, in his advocacy of a high tariff as the panacea of all national ills, aa I the great abracadabra of all possible attainable national good, is very much puzzled by tbe occurrence of the panic of 1873, following upon the high war tariff of 1861, as amended and made more oppressive by the amendments of 1865. He attempts to explain this nota ble national financial cataclysm by the waste of nine thousand millions of dol lars' worth of national wealth by the riot of the war, and by the feverish speculation whL-h thence resulted. This later issue of his fine spun theories fails to meet the occasion, and the facts of that celebrated panic entirely negative his eloquent narrative which concerns the years following the war of 1812 and the subsequent years leading up to the panic of 1837. Out of Mr. Gladstone's luminous and eloquent mass of matter we picked out that portion which said that if protection was good for the United States in ita in tercourse with the outside world it ought to be more particularly good in the inter course of the several State* with them- THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING JANUARY 11 18^0 elves. As a logical proposition this is specially attractive, and of course Mr. Blame's principal batteries are directed against it. He claims that tbe foreign commerce of the United States is only one-twenty-eighth part of its inter nal commerce, and brings all the argu ments of different conditions of growth, production, geographical position, and so on, to bear against Mr. Gladstone's com mon sense suggestion. Mr. Blame's leading postulate, dis missing his long historical resume, may be condensed in a nutshell. He says: " Viewing the country from 1861 to 1889— "full twenty-eight years—the longest un disturbed period in which either protec tion or free trade has been tried in this "country—l ask Mr. Gladstone if a par allel can be found to the material ad vancement of the United States." In the multitudinous figures advanced by Mr. Blame, which are entirely too voluminous for reproduction in a brief newspaper article, the gist of his argu ment ia contained in the proposition that protection, while stimulating, and even creating the industries of tbe United States, ha? im mensely lowered the price of the protected staples. Of the great expanse ' of matter presented by him to confirm bis views we take simply one head, that of steel rails. He says: "John Edgar Thompson, "late President of tho Pennsylvania Rail "way Company, purchased one hundred "tons of steel rails in 1862 at a price "(freight paid to New York; duty of 45 "per cent, unpaid) of $103.44 gold coin. "(By way of illustrating Mr. Gladstone's "claim to superior quality of manufac tures under free tr. de, the railroad "company states that many of the rails "broke during the first winter's trial.) "In 1864 English rails bad fallen to $88 "per ton in New York, the freight paid "and the duty unpaid. English manu facturers held the market for the eneu "ing six years, though the sales at the "high prices were limited. In 1870 "Congress laid a specific duty of $28 per "ton on steel rails. From that time tbe "market has been held by our own man "ufacturere, with a steady annual fall in "price, as the facilities of production in "creased, until the past summer and "autumn, when steel rails were selling "in Pittsburg, Chicago and London at "substantially the same prices. Does "any Free-Trader on either eide of the "ocean honebtly believe that American "rails could ever have been furnished aa "cheaply as English rails, except by the "sturdy competition which the highly "protective duty of 1870 enabled the "American manufacturers to maintain "against the foreign manufacturers in "the first place, and among American "manufacturers themselves in the second "place? It is not asserted that during "the nineteen years since tbe heavy duty "was first established (except during the "past few months) American rails have "been as cheap in America as English "rails have been in England, "but it is asserted with per fect confidence that steadily and "invariably, American railroad com "panics have bought cheaper rails at "home than they would have been able "to buy in England if the protective duty "had not stimulated the manufacture of "steel rails in the United States, and if "the resulting competition bad not "directly operated upon the English mar "ket." " In the foregoing we have hinted at the salient points of Mr. Blame's argument, as in the previous article we labored to present Mr. Gladstone's purely abstract propositions. Iv a third and concluding article we shall endeavor to give the Democratic attitude, historical and con temporaneous, on the highly absorbing topics of free trade and protection. Tin: death of Mrs. Hannah B. South worth, who shot down Stephen L. Pet tus in the street, last November, in New York, ends, before it had begun, a trial that would ia all probability have brought to light a budget of scandal that would have arrested public attention everywhere. The woman claimed that she had been ruined by Pettus, a mil lionaire, and that driven to desperation by her seducer's refusal not only to aid her in her extremity, but by his efforts to publicly defame her character, she took the law into her own hands and shot him down. The facts in the case cannot now be judicially ascertained, but the friends of Pettus have announced that they will continue to gather testi mony in the interest of his memory, and show that Pettus, instead of having been the wrecker of Mrs. Southworth's vir tue, was ber banefactor and disinterested friend. It is very likely they can make out an ex-parte case that will blacken the character of tbe dead woman aud make Pettus's appear aa white as snow. There is no one to champion the woman who has gone, or to rebut the statements of her detractors. But it will take a great deal of unimpeachable testimony toch ange the verdict the public first came to, that Mra. Southworth was driven to despair by no ordinary wrongs at the hands of the man she killed. The nomination of Calvin Brice by the Ohio legislative Democratic caucus for United States Senator is one to which we do not warm. There are two objections to it which we deem well taken—firat, that it ia carrying out the undemocratic policy inaugurated by the Bepublican party of turning over tbe United States Senate to a millionaire oligarchy; and second, that Brice is a "carpet-bagger" in Ohio, and cannot, by any stretch of partiality, be considered a representative citizen of that State. The Democracy is the party of the people, and cannot afford to follow in the footsteps of the Republican party by encouraging the idea that wealth instead of personal merit shall be the measure of qualification for a ueat in the United States Senate. A dispatch from tbe Hon. Thomas J. Clunie, repreeent*tive from the Fifth Congressional District of this State, assures as that he ia doing his best to secure for the Loa Angelea Postofflce building a liberal appropriation, and that he hopes to get it. Mr. Clunie is what is called in popular parlance a "russler." Ho is alert, energetic, keen, untiring and possessed of an uncommon amount of $avoir faire. His aid in pushing through appropriations for this section will be of incalculable value, and we are to be congratulated on the fact that the Fifth District has sent to Washington a man who is big enough to take an interest in working for the whole State as well as for his own immediate con stituency. Teachers Protected in Their Posi tions. The decision of the Bnpreme Court in the case of Miss Kate Kennedy, who waa arbitrarily dismissed by the San Fran cisco 80-mi of Education, in 1887, from her position as principal of the North Cosmopolitan Grammar school, will prove a great source of comfort and peace of mind to competent public school teachers. Heretofore their tenure of po sition has been precarious, and subject to the arbitrary will of the appointing power and of the influential politi cians behind the School Boards. Miss Kennedy has been a teacher and principal in the schools of San Francisco since early in the fifties. She is a most accomplished lady and a most proficient teacher. In 1887 she was given leave of absence and visited Europe. When she returned ber place was declared vacant, against her protest. She appealed to the courts for reinstate ment and back salary. The case was carried to tbe court of last resort, and there her right to the position from which she had been arbitrarily ousted, was confirmed, her reinstatement or dered, and her back salary, amounting to $5,000, ordered to be paid. This decision settles the principle that under our school Ia is teachers cannot be removed at the pleasure of the ap pointing power. When elected to posi tions to which their certificates entitle them, they can only be dismissed for violating the rules of the Board of Edu cation, for incompetency, or for unpro fessional or immoral conduct. The court has answered the objection urged by counsel for the San Francisco Board, to the effect thatif teachers can not be dismissed by that body, their tenure of position ia virtually one fur life, by saying: "This certainly cannot be of danger to the efficiency cf tho schools, because the teacher can only maintain his position while he is faithful and competent." In the light of this decision local Boards of Education will be required to revise their methods. It has been the practice in Los Angeles to terminate the tenure of all the teachers with the close of the school year, and to re-appoint them at the opening of tbe succeeding one The old teachers, it is true, have been generally re-appointed, but the Board was under no obligation to do so, and could, if it so willed, select an entire new corps. Hereafter, however, the teachers must be continued unless they are dropped ttr cause. This decision will proyp beneficial to the cause of educa tion, and will have a tendency to raise the proficiency of our teachers to a higher standard than could possibly be attained under the old rule of dismissal ! with or without cause. HORTICULTURAL. Tlie Report of the County Board Ketnrncd Yesterday. The County Horticultural Commission returned to the Board of Supervisors yeßterday the following report: To the Loa Angeles County Board of Supervisors: We respectfully tender herewith the monthly report for December of the County Horticul tural Commission. The change in the commission, caused br the retirement of Hiram Hamilton and the appolotraent of F. Edward Gray, of Alhambra, by your honorable board to till the vacancy, was consummated the 7th day of December by Mr. Gray assuming the office of Commissioner. Mr. Karcbeval has been elected as President of the boa>d, vice Hamilton, retired, and Mr. (*ray has bsen elected Secretary to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Driffill, who felt that his distance of residence from Los Angeles prevented his al ways being present at meetings. Encouraging reports coming from Orange county of the discovery of an insecticide fur tho red scale. Mr. Krrchevat waa delegated to vißlt Tustin to inquire into its effectiveness. Mr. Kercheval, in company with Entomologist Coquillette. reports that the means employed were the same application of cyanida of potash and sulphuric acid a* f-rmerly need by Prof. Coquillette in his experiments on the red scale unaer direction of the General Government, with the exception that the application was made in the night. These gentlemen think th.t niuety-five per cent, of tho insects were dead ou the trees, tbe result of one application of <he reraeiy. Good results may possibly fol low by further t xperlm-nts. Thinking it may have come to your notice that this commission had rescinded a resolu tion wheruin Messrs. Kercheval and Hamilton were appointed a committee to act with Mr. Heiutz ia obtaining signatures to a memorial to Congress, asking that increased duties be plaucd upon imported oranges, we desire to state in explanation that, although seeing the necessity for such a move, aud doing all in our power as individuals to aid it, we found thai the impression was prevalent that the Horti cultural Commission had authorized an ex penditure of money for the purpose, and this being beyond our jurisdiction, we felt called apon to rescind the resolution. Eight inspectors have been employed during tbe month. Their reports and our own obser vations show an alarmlug prevalence of the red scale and San Jose insects. Th" white Is under subjugation by the parasite vedolia car dinalis, while the black cannot b ■ said to exist lv numbers to excite alarm There is great danger from the Banta Ana red scale that has made its appenanoo in orchards south of the cfty. The result of the inspectors' labors has been gratifying, in so far that where they have pur sued their work orchardists aud owners of small places have been induced to disinfect spray, and, in Pasadena particularly, have grabbed out and burned infected trees that were a monaco to their neighbors. In order to guard against, the introduction into the county of any new insect pesta that are reputably reported to exht in adjoining coun tiss, brought thereto from Florida, we have caused to be ported in all railroad stations and postofflces in the oounty notices forbidding the introduction of trees, flowers, shrubs, etc., in fected with ins ect pests under penalty of the law provided fur the protection of the horticul tural Interests. While recalling the necessity of constant vlgilan' c in keep.ng in check the many insect pests that threaten the welfare of the county's fruit industry, the commls.ion feels that val uable time has heretofore been lost aud that immediate action should be taken toward ob taining information regarding the existence of a parasite in such counties where the red-scala inßect has existed or does now exist. Witti this object in view we have requested th« Bate Board of Horticulture to insMuta the desired search, and to further use their efforts in en listing the Department of Agriculture at Wash ington in the same movement, and we have further opened a correspondence with the vari ous Horticultural Commissioners in the Btate asking their concurrence in the matter. ' Ia conformity with the law, we have made our annual report to the State Board of Horti culture of the condition of the fruit interests of tbe county; what Is being done to eradicate insect pests; also at to disinfecting and as to quarantine against insect pests and diseases and as to the carrying out of all laws relative to the greatest good of the fruit interest. Re spectrally, A. ». Kercheval, President. F. Edward Gray, Secretary. AT THE EAST. The Color Line and Public Schools. THE HAUGHTY WHITES OF ALTON. They Want Separate Schools for the Pickaninnies—Other Eastern News. Associated Press Dispatches to the Hkrali St. Louis, January 10 —A special to the Republic from Alton, 111., says: The trouble over tho admission of colored children to the public schools in while districts has broken out afresh. This question has been up two or three times, and the courts decided once that colored children are entitled, under the organic law, to attend the same schools as whites. Strong opposition developed, however, and as the great mass of colored people in upper Alton live in one district, a school building was set apart for their use, the School Board redis ricting the town to meet the emergency. This, however, did not long satisfy the negroes, who have been threatening that they would force their way into the high Bchool building, and with that end in view, recently instituted mandamus pro ceedings to compel the board toredis trict the town on a more equable basis. Pending a decision, a few negro families moved into the high school dis trict, and yesterday eight or ten colored children, accompanied by their parents, applied for admission. The superintend ent assigned them to rooms in the lower grades. They were not, however, as signed seats by the teachers. At the forenoon recess the colored children were driven off the grounds by the whites, and did not return during the day. At the hour for opening school today, however, they, accompanied by their parents, marched to the high school building and de manded admittance. A body of white citizens who had assembled resisted tbe demand, and the City Marshal on search ing several of the negroes, found revolv ers and other weapons in their posses sion. Many of the whites were also found armed, but hostilities were pre vented by the judicious action of the authorities. At a meeting this afternoon the School Boar.', resolved to dismiss the colored school in the colored district and sub stitute a mixed school in its place. Action was also taken on the establish ment of boundary lines which will admit some of the blacks to the high school building. This is a victory for the blacks*, and n good deal of bitterness is expressed. The whites threaten to de sert the schools and default on their school taxes. EX-PRISONERS OE WAR, j Action Taken on a Letter by Jellcr ■on Davis. New York, January 10. —The annual meeting of the Now York City Union ex prisoners of war tonight appointed a com mittee to draft a letter in reply to one of the late Jeffereon Davie, which has re cently appeared in print, upon tbe sub ject ol tne treatment oi Union prisoners during the war. Tbe association took strong exceptions to the letter. While having due respect for the dead, the members were unanimous in agreeing that the letter should be answered, giv ing the personal experiences of some of the members of the association in Con federate war prisons. THB ANDKKSONVILLE SHERIFF. Springfield, Mass., January 10.— E. W. Nichols, a veterinary surgeon who died here today from influenza compli cations, had a remarkable war history. He was a member of the Fourteenth Michigan Cavalry, and was captured and confined in Andersonville. He was chosen sheriff of the court organized by the Union prisoners to punish a gang of comrades that stole their small supply of rations. Ten were convicted and sen tenced to be hanged. Nichols bad to string the men up alone. On account of this horrible task, Nichols was shunned by other veterans since the war, and rarely alluded to the affair. Bit ICE'S CHARLIES. A Well-spring; of Hope In Republi can Breasts. Columbus, 0., January 10. —There have been several rumors in circulation today relative to the proposed bolt of the caucus which laat night nominated Cal vin S. Brio for the Senate. There were seventy-five members at the caucus; three did not appear. They are Smith, of Franklin, MunsQn of Licking, and Kounts, of Shelby. It is reported they will not vote for Brice. The situation at least has created uneasiness. There will be seventy-four Democrats from the cau cus to vote for Brice, Brown, of Han cock, having sent a note that he would not support the nominee. There are seventy one Republicans, and if the three alleged bolters join in with them, they would have the same number of votes 3S the Democrats. The claim is made that Brice will have to receive a majority of all tbe members elected to the Legislature, which would be seventy six. Brice'a managers claim that the law only requires a majority of those present and voting. Representative Knapp died last night, and Lawler is not expected to live through the night, which cuts the number of Democratic members to seventy-Beven, and the three alleged bolters still reduces hia available strength to seventy-four. EXPLODED ItOli I its. Five Hundred Olrl Employees Badly Scared. Chicago, January 10 —Five hundred girls and men employed by the John Morris Stationery and Printing Company, received a terrific scare this evening. A boiler in the basement exploded, smash ing the big plate glass windows through out the building, and otherwise wrecking the structure. Pedestrians in the street were thrown prostrate, and the neighbor hood waa showered with bits of flying glass. A dozen people were painfully bruised and cut. The loss will amount to $20,000. Cukbo, Texas, January 10.—This morn ing a boiler in the Cuero brass and iron foundry exploded, killing David Brown, the proprietor of the Gulf hotel, and Henry Deans, and seriously injuring Perry Ward. Mr. Lewis' residence in the rear of the foundry was shattered, and his wife and children injured. Bad Bebt Collector. PiTTsriELD, Mass., JanuaryJlO—Frank '). Lesclide was arrested in Philadelphia yesterday on the request of the Pitts field police, charged with obtaining money under false pretenses, and fraud. He name here in December with J. W. Har ris and Frank Warr, of Chicago. They, claimed to be agents of a bad debt col-' lecting agency, a branch of R. O. Dun & Co., and obtained considerable money. They operated also in several Massa chusetts and Connecticut cities. It is learned also that Lesclide formerly worked for •* debt agency in Chicago, and is a defaulter to the extent of sev eral hundred dollars there. His alleged connection with Dun & Co. is one of his fabrications. A Ki:vK».«.SS tOUE.TIAN Caused tlio Biro Disaster at I ouls vtllc, Ky. Louisville, Ky., January 10.—Efforts to recover the bodies in the bridge cais son by pumping in air have been given up, aud in the morning men will be sent in by the excavation shaft. It is hoped then that the thirteen remaining bodies will be taken out. Sooy, Smith & Co., the contractors, claim through General Superintendent Willard that the accident was not due to negligence. The story of one of the men who escaped is that Foreman Knoch disobeyed Superintend ent Mitchell by letting the caisson down eighteen inches at a time instead of three inches. He ens, too, Knoch turned off the air completely after the caisson was lowered, instead of partially, and a rush of water and sand followed at once. Others who escaped corroborated this. Night Superintendent Murphy lays the blame to Knoch. A RIOT AVERTED. An Excltlns; Time at Funxau tawuey, Pennsylvania. Funxbutawney, Pa., January 10.— Three families of striking miners were evicted today. There was considerable excitement, but no violence. After the Sheriff, accompanied by thirty three Pinkertons, armed with Winchesters, had thrown ont an Italian family, about 300 of their countrymen collected and began yelling and firing into the air. Two hundred shots were fired, and they were getting more excited as the music of their revolvers increased. Master Workman Wilson arrived on the scene juat at this time, went amongst .them, and told them they must keep quiet and not break the peace, or they would ruin their cause. Wilson says it is his sincere conviction that had he not happened on the scene when he did, there would have been one of the bloodiest riots ever seen in this country. A Widows Bloody Act. Elmira, N. V., January 10.—The po lice were summoned this afternoon to the house of a widow named Mary Eilen burger, where the body of William Ed wards, a well-to-do farmer, was found with a bullet hole through his head. Mrs. Eilenburger said she and Edwards had quarreled over money matters, and he drew a revolver. In the struggle for tho weapon it was discharged. An ex amination, however, showed that the ball had entered the back of Edwards' neck, and that his coat collar had been burned by powder. Mrs. Eilenburger was arreßted. She and the farmer have had intimate relations with each other for Beveral years. Protection for Prune*. Wabhington, .January 10.—The fruit raisers were given a hearing before tbe Ways and Means Committee yesterday, when Congressman Ciunie, of California, presented a petition from the fruit-grow ers of the Santa Clara valley asking that the ddty on prunes be raised from one to three cents. Under the present duty, with the existing freight rates, foreign producers can lay down prunes in the markets of New York and other eastern cities at prices with which California producers cannot possibly compete; whereas, if the duty is raised aa desired, western growers can control all these markets. An Eventful Voyage. New York, January 10.-r-The steam ship Stag, which left Bremen December 7th, arrived here tocay. It took her thirty-one days to make the voyage, which usually takes sixteen days. In the midst of a heavy storm two weeks ago the lookout sighted a sinking vessel, flying a flag ot distrars. Two boats put off' to the wreck despite the heavy seas and returned with the cap tain and crew of eighteen men. The sinking vessel proved to be tho Shakes peare. The captain died on the Stag, and was buried at sea. Trotter's Occupation lione. Washington, January 10.—Tho resig nation of Trotter, the colored Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia, has been received at the White House, upon a request made by the President. It is supposed that a new appointment will shortly be made. Inquiry made by Senator Ingalls has developed the fact that the office has paid $40,000 in fees during Trotter's incumbency of two years and ten months. A bill is pend ing in Congress to make the position a salaried one. Miss Keener Will Jjlvc. Jacksonville, 111., JanuaTy 10.—Miss Fannie Keener will not die' from the pis tol shot wounds inflicted by her negro coachman, Pasten. It is claimed Mies Keener has been unjustly accused in this connection.* The negro had been in the Keener family for years, and it is thought did the shooting through pique over being dismissed, attributing the coupling of his name with that of Miss Keener as the cause of his misfortune, and therefore endeavoring to take her life in revenge for a fancied wrong. An Expensive Lockout. Woburn, Masß., January 10.—At a meeting of the striking workingmen to night, Grand Master Workman More land announced the strike lockout in the leather industry practically ended, and the men were ordered back to work next Monday. Both sides agree to submitthe matter to the State Board of Arbitration, who will open a hearing in the case next Thursday. It ia estimated that the strike cost upwards of $100,000. Strychnine Taken for Quinine. Donaldbonville, La., January 10 — J. W. Brayden and family recently moved, and in the house they took they found a bottle which tbey supposed con tained quinine. Their three children were taken with malaria yesterday, and the parents made pills out of the con tents of the bottle, and administered them. The children aro now dead. The bottle contained strychnine. Be-g-rs' Election Postponed. Chicago, January 10.—No meeting of Camp 20, Clan-na-Gael, waa held to night. It is said a meeting will be held Tuesday, and that tbe election of a Senior Guardian will then be taken np. They Bit at Green Goads. Sioux Falls, 8. D., January 10.— Adam Schmidt and J. Scblek, farmers living near here, were swindled out of $1,200 by New York "green goods" men. Bled In a mad House. Washington, January 10. —Lieutenant William £. Whitfield, U. 8. N„ died at Bt. Elizabeth's Insane Asylum today, aged 37. IN OTHER LAND?. Minister Phelps Praises the German Character. THE LATE EJIPKESS AUGUSTA, Little Alfonso XHI Showing Slight Improvement—The Pinto Affair Practically Settled. I Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald. I Berlin, January 10.—Mr. Phelps, United States Minister, delivered an ad dress before the Anglo-American Society here, in which he praised the patient pursuit of duty that characterized the German race in every rank, from prince to peasant. He dwelt upon this trait as revealed by the Empress Augusta in the last audience he had with her. The labor of that audience was then evidently be* yond her strength. "One thing," he said, "especially struck me apon that occasion. Every topic seemed to lead her unconsciously to the same subject of love of peace which appeared to strangely fill and occupy her mind. Whether speaking of Amer ica's material and moral growth or of France and the exhibition, she always reverted to paace. Detecting a gleam of merriment on my face at this, she in a winning, half pettish tone, reproached me, adding, 'Think what I know of war,' and murmured something, of which I caught only the words, 'father' and 'son.' She dismissed me with an earnest in junction to promote peace between Ger many and America." The body of the ex-Empress Augusta is tying in state in the chapel of the Schloss, which has been opened to the public, and a large number of persons are moving past the coffin. The will of the dead Empress bequeaths her palaces at Berlin and Babelsburg to Emperor William; to her daughter, the Grand Duchess of Baden, phe gives four million marks, and leaves legacies to her serv ants and to a large number of charitable and religious bodies. IIUPUOVINU HOURLY. Tne Infant Kins; of *pnln Resting; Somewhat Easier. Madrid, January 10.—Although there is no considerable change in the con dition of ttie King, there are some symp toms that indicate a slight improvement. He slept in the morning, but was again feverish in the afternoon. At a Cabinet I council, at which Sagasta presided, it was unanimously decided that the Min istry should remain in office with -unim paired powers, and in the event of the King's death, the crown should pace im mediately to his eldest sister, with Queen Christina as regent. Queen Christina wired toVienna tonight that tbe condition of Alfonso is improv ing hourly. The infant King suffered from another cardiac attack during last night, but later the attack decreased in severity, and there was a slight improvement in his condition. Three more doctors were summoned for consultation with the household physicians. The Prime Min ister was present. After 4 o'clock the King was less feverish and spoke a few words to hie mother. The consultation of physicians lasted an hour. Tbe Queen Regent, the King's mother, was present and wept profusely. tSefior Sagasta passed tbe entire night at the bedside of the King. At 5 o'clock revulsives were applied to tlw head of the King, and later blisters. Afterwards he became calmer and bis fever disap peared. The Government has adopted special measures to prevent an outbreak in the event of the King's death. Itilli : (:AIII,li(iK')ll<. Influenza Dylusr out lv Russia; Miscellany. St. Petersburg, January 10. —Influ- enza has completely disappeared from this city and Moscow. London, January 10.—It is reported that the Panama Canal Company has received an encouraging report from the commission sent to Panams. Berlin, January 10.—A dispatch from Zanzibar says Lieutenant Gravenworth, of Major Wissmann's command, and two other German officers, have been cap tured by the Arabs. London, January 10.—Thorsten Nord enfeit, civil engineer and manager cf the Maxim Nordenfelt Gun and Ammuni tion Company, has been declared bank rupt. Liabilities, £50,000. London, January 10.—Parnell has written a letter stating that the letter published Over his name-Wednesday, addressed to the Ennia Board, is a for gery. Munich, January 10.—Dr. Doellinger, the head of the "Old Catholic" move ment in Southern Germany and one of the famoua opponents of the doctrine of Papal infallibility, is dead. Glasgow, January 10.—There was a collapse in the pig iron market here to day owing to the large selling orders. Scotch warrants fell Is. and Cleveland warrants Is. (.id., and a further drop is expected. Paris, January 10.—The government is about to negotiate a loan of a hundred million franca for the purpose of con structing railways in Tonquin and other French colonies. Advices from Senegal state that Gov ernor Bajal, of Southern Sengal, has been imprisoned by the King of Da homey. A body of Senegal sharpshoot ers have started to rescue him. PRACTICALLY SETTLED. .England Apparently Satisfied with Portugal's Explanations. London, January 10. —The Portuguese Government had forbidden the reception nt Qaillamane, near the mouth of the Zimbesi, of all British dispatches in tended for England, but not intended to pass through Portuguese postoffices. That prohibition is removed. The Chronicle has a report from Gibraltar that the British flset will on Tuesday re sume its original p og amine for the Mediterranean cruise. From this it is inferred the dispute with Portugal is set tled. Lisbon, January 10 —It is semi officially stated that Lord Salisbury re gards the reply of Seflor Gomez as afford ing a basis for the amicable settlement of the trouble. Marine Intelligence. Queenstown, January 10.—Adriatic. New York. Glasgow, January 10.—Devonia, New York. New Yoke, January 10.—Western-: land, Antwerp.