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>AIL¥ HERALD^ —FORLIBHBD— BKVKN DAYS A WBKK. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JAMES J. AYEBB. AVERS & LYNCH, ■ PUBLISHERS. Kntered at the postofflce at Los Angeles as second-class matter.l DELIVERED BY CARRIERS At »Oc. per Week, or 80c. per Month. Office of Publication, 123-125 West Second Street loa Angeles. Telephone No. 156 MONDAY. FEBRIJIRI 17, 185 JO. Crippling Our Fruit Industry. We have eaid heretofore that the whole system of the protective tariff is so ar ranged as to afford the greatest possible benefits to the manufacturers and the least to the farmers of the country. In View ef pending legislation in Congress looking to the removal of the present duties on sugar and fruits, we have ad verted to the effects of such a step on the industries of this State. Great Britain is at present the greatest manufacturer *f jams, jellies and preserved fruits in the world. There is no dietetic problem more important to the health and gen eral well-being of the people than this of providing cheap fruits in ail the forms they are used in. In Great Britain jams, jellies and conserves are not hfx uries in any sense of the word. They are as common as bread and meat on the tables of even the poor. We do not realize, here in Cali fornia, what expensive luxuries fruits are in the East. They are too expensive to permit of their gen eral nse and are costly delicacies known only to the well to do. If given a fair opportunity, California can produce fruit enough to supply the entire coun try with fruits and fruit preparations much cheaper than the people of Eng land now buy them. But this infant in dustry, as it truly is, is strangled in its cradle like the young Alcides was like to be by the serpents sent by jealous Juno, by the iniquitous system of the tariff that discriminates so heavily against all farming interests. This is not a politica 1 tirade. It is not a free trade diatribe, as many may be inclined to look upon it. This is a plea to the party in power to treat this State more justly. Let us look at a few facts and figures Canned frnits contain bnt little sugar and the only effect the tariff has oi this industry is in the cost of the tin that coats the cans. Jams, jellies and conserves of fruit con tain from 50 to "5 per cent, of sugar, and the vessels that hold them are quite costly. England makes all her own glass and pottery. She admits sugar free of daty. In America there is an import tax of about 50 per cent, on both the sugar and the vessels used in putting up fruits. The difference of the price of sugar in England and America is on an average $3 per hundred, or 3 cents a pound. A dozen pots, each holding a pound of jam, cost in England 37 }■> cents, and in Amer ica 62 } i cents. Here is a difference of cost in favor of the English manufacturer of 25 cents a dozen, or 66% per cent. Our sugar co3ts 50 per cent, more than that used by the English fruit-packers. Taking average prices in the two countries and this result is reached: To make twelve pounds of strawberry jam 8.4 pounds of sugar are used. This quantity of sugar costs in England 39.81 cents ; in the United States the cost is 65.10 cents —a difference of 25.29 cents. Adding to this the 25 cents difference on jars, the total difference on twelve jars ol strawberry jam is found to be exactlj 50.29 cents. This difference is alread) about 40 per cent, of the English whole sale price of the jam. Now tun to the schedule on the manufacture, jam or jelly, and the discriminatioi against the farmer becomes patent. Thi duty on the fruit conserve is thirty-fivt per cent, ad valorem, and twenty five to thirty per cent, on the jar that contain it. This gives the importet English stuff a net advantage of 7 to 8 pc cent, over tne home production. Tha of course would be an enormous profi for the manufacturer to make, and en ables the Eoglish article to keep th< American out of the markets of the world including those of our own country There is the further difference of cost o tbe labor and the capital employed ii the two countries. Republicans make i great outcry about our party, and its pol icy of delivering the American market over to England, but it is just such quee: tariff vagaries as the above that fetter American enterprise and give up out markets to England. Now look at the result. In Englani the poor use jam as a common article ol diet. It is cheaper by 4 to 10 cent* per pound than butter, for which it is largely substituted. England produces about $20,000,000 worth of small fruits, much more than 50 per cent, of which is converted into conserves of some sort. We convert about $2,000,000 of our fruit into jams and jellies. Nearly every town of import ance in Great Britain has a fruit pre nerving establishment, and all the fruit in the vicinity finds a good market. In Dundee. Scotland, one firm employs 1,000 hands in this business. A firm in Glasgow uses thirty tons of strawberries a day. In Great Britain, in 1887, there were more than 48,000 acres devoted to email fruits. In the county of Kent there are many growers who plant 100 acres in strawberries alone, and some who plant several hundred. About 50, --000 persons in this single county are engaged in the production of small fruits. The above results are the direct effects of cheap sugar and cheap glass and pot tery. AYe in California have all the advantages cf nature on our side, but the artificial restrictions put in our way by the Republican tariff schedule more than discount our natural advantages, aud deliver us over to the English to spoil us. What is the remedy ? Take the tax off sugar, and glass, and pottery? No. This is a plea for the farmer. The plead- j THE LOS ANGESjES DAILY HERALD: MONDAY JkWRNIWtt, FEBRUAKI' 17. Ib9o ing is not to the country, but to the party in power. It is not an argument on the protective doctrine iteeif, but a plea to the advocates of that system to deal fairly with the fruit-growers of this State and with the sugar planters of the South. Do not remove the duty from the fruits of this State. Do not discriminate further against the farm ers by removing your protection from the only products of the earth that cDtne under its influence. They are few enough. Pleading as we are with pro tectionists to deal fairly with the farmer, we should rather say raise the duty on imported jams, and by your own meth ods, as you say, shut out the English stuff and let California supply the markets of the country. If sugar and the packages used for conserves are pro tected on an average of 40 par cent., then tax the imported conserves 45 per cent, and give the fruit-growers of Cali fornia some benefit. If sugar is left protected and your tenets hold, then in a short time California will supply the country with all the sugar it needs. Let the owner and tiller of the soil reap a little of your boasted system's benefits, and do not give it all to the iron manu facturers and glass blowers. If your purpose be to encourage home indus tries, remember that this great State is above all things a producer of fruit, and let her cv] >y a small modicum of these vaunted blessings you tell us of. Things are moving in Southern Cal ifornia. Those who do not know the facts may think it was all boom, and that the boom was all hollow inflation. It was not half boom, and the boom was not one-tenth part inflation. It was mostly healthy growth with a natural and legiti mate enhancement of values. There is a depression following, as is often the case, but there will come a reaction from that again before long, and then it will appear that the prices of the boom period were not so wild as they seem now. Here is a little speci men of how things move here in the lines of development. Four years ago the Yorbas owned an old sheep walk at the mouth of the Temescal creek, where the San Juan de Santiago canon opens northward towards Riverside. Some eastern people went in there and bought up the Yorba ranch, piped out the water and laid out a townsite, South Riverside, on the plain. It was a bald mesa, as bare as the back of one's hand. At the end of four years here is the record of its tree planting: Peach, 1,180; pear, 1,532; apricot, 2'JO; English walnut, 2tio; olive, 884; lemon, 4 years old and over, 74; orange, 4 years old and over, 1,710; orange, 3 years old and under, 35.258; orange, in nursery, 53.750. There are twenty-nine acres of raisin grape vines and 500 acres of orange trees not in nurs ery. There is progress in that,and the fact that there are orange trees enough in j nursery to set out 500 acres proves that the development is in no respect arrested. Senator Frye's report on the Union Pacific railroad is more important to na here than might at first glance appear. It will strike all readers as extremely liberal io its dealings with the subsidized road. It also endorses that road's policy of extending its branches in many direc tions, and says that it is to those exten sions the road owes much of its preeent prosperity. These points both interest us to a large degree, for on just such views depends the extension of that system to Southern California. Of course the managers of the road had means of learning what views tbe Senate committee, who went over the road, had obtained from the survey they took last summer of its affairs. It was on this assurance of a liberal construction of the road's relations to the Government that the building of the extension into Fevada was undertaken, and it is on this liberality at the hands of the Government that its construction to Los Angeles depends. And why should not this end of the State derive come benefit from the benefactions of the Government ? The subsidizing of the Pacific roads in the first place gave the central part cf California connection with the East; the allowing of further time to pay the debt back to the Government will enable the Union Pacific to build to the Coast, with Los Angeles as the terminal point. The magnificent (streams of gold and silver that California poured into the Union stimulated all its industries and made possible all the progress of the past forty years; and made it possible, too, to carry on the great civil war. The demonetization of silver from 1873 to 1878 was the direct cause of all tho stag nation in business and consequent hard times of that period. The partial restoration of silver to its proper place as a precious metal in 1878, and the com pulsory coinage of some silver monthly, is the direct cause of the prosperity of the decade now closing. Restore silver fully to its place, and there will at once be ushered in an era of general prosperity such as no age or country has seen. It rests with the present CoDgress to quit Ub internecine war for party advantage, join hands irrespective of party and pass a bill compelling the Treasurer to coin the lull measure of silver contemplated in the Bland bill. So well would this work that it would lead very shortly to free coinage of the white metal. Ot'R columns yesterday contained a very interesting letter from Nicaragua, from along the route of the big canal which it is proposed to construct there. It notes the fact that many people are coming there under the impression that the work is now in progress on the canal, and find themselves without money in a strange land where no work can be found. There has not been a rod of dirt touched on the great enterprise yet, and there will not be for a long time to come. Even when the undertaking is actually nnder way, the writer warns mechanics and laborers that they should not rush in there without having some means of subsistence until they secure a jib. THE PACIFIC ROADS. A Plan Proposed for Their Refundment. ABLE TO PAY THEIR DEBTS. The Union Pacific to be Granted Fifty Years' Time aad the Central Seventy-Five. Associated Press Dispatches to the Herald. Washington, February 10—The Sen ate special committee on Pacific railroads, after many hearings, thorough investiga tion and careful consideration, have finally accepted the reports of Senator Frye on the Union Pacific and Senator Davis on the Central Pacific, and agreed upon a bill providing for refunding their debts. The report on the Union Pacific reaches the following conclusions: One—That the policy of building or acquiring branch lines was wise, and through the period covered by their in quiry, honestly and economically carried out. Second—That the main line has de rived an immense advantage from the branches, and there is no foundation for the charge that the latter have received undue benefit at the expense of the main line. Third—That the building of the Ore gon Short Line, and the subsequent ac quirement of the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company's lines, instead of being a menace to the interests of the Government, have proved a decided ad vantage. Fourth —That the recent consolidation of several branches under the name of tho Oregon Short Line and Utah North ern Railway Company simplifies the sys tem of the Union Pacific, makes possi ble a more effective and economical management and in no regard evidences any purpose of evading obligations to the Government. Fifth—That the branches, instead of being maintained at the expense of the main line, contribute at least $;!,000,000 a year to the treasury of the company. Sixth—That improvements have been for several years past greater on the main line than on the branches, some of them being very important and expen sive. Seventh —That there is no evidence of any purpose on the part of the company to surrender ttiat portion of their road over which the (Jovernment has a statu tory lien ; on the contrary, there is every reason tending to satisfy any candid per son that no such purpose exists. Eighth—That this is a capable, well managed road, abundantly able to pay its debts, requiring only, like every other railroad, time iv which to pay. Ninth—That the present management is honestly trying to effect an adjustment with the Government. Tenth—That the interests of the Gov ernment and the railway company will be promoted by a settlement, and that one has been made, under which every dollar owing to the Government, with interest, will be paid. It ends: "Tne present security is a statutory lien on tne road, commeii? ing three miles west of the Missouri river and extending to a point five miles west of Ogden; and on the other road, commencing half a mile west of Kansas city and extending to a point 388 miles westerly—commencing in a prairie and ending in one. It is not enough to pro tect the Government debt, if it shall not be adjusted until it becomes, due by fifty million dollars, while under the bill to be reported the security obtained will be twice the Government debt in value, and payment according to the terms of the bill is absolutely certain." The report on the Central Pacific finds that the United states has for security a statutory lien on the road, commencing at a point five miles west of Oiiden and extending to San Jose, without terminal facilities at either end, made subject to a mortgage to secure bonds equal in amount to the original indebtedness cf this company to the United States; that that portion of the road from Ogden to the western slope of the Sierra Madras is practically only a bridge without any local business <jf any amount; that the lines reaching from the main line into Nevada do not now pay actual expenses • that the present security of the United States upon this property is entirely in adequate ; that the foreclosure of the first mortgage would substantially ex haust, in the satisfaction thereof, tho entire property, and that it would be in exoedient for the United States to re deem from said first mortgage or to become owner of tne property through redemption and foreclosure. The report finds that it is expedient, necessary and practicable to adjusi and further secure the indebtedness to the United States upon extended time at a reduced rate of interest, within the abil ity of the company to pay, upon such terms as advance the development of tne country through which said roads pass, and afford the inhabitants thereof reasonable rates qf transportation for passengers and freight. From the report it appears that the Central Pacific has not the ability to pay at all equal to that of the Union Pa cific, but under the terms of the bill to be reported can make final and fall pay ment reasonably certain. The bill agreed upon includes within its provisions the Union Pacific Railroad Company, the Kansas Pacific Railway Company, and the central branch of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, consol idated under the name of the Union Pa cific Railway Company and the Central Pacific Railroad Company, successor to the Central Pacific Railroad of California and the Western Pacific Railroad Com pany. It provides for funding the present worth of the of the Union Pacific Railway Company, on July Ist, 1890, and for the payment to the United States of that amount, with throe per cent, interest, payable semi-annually; also a portion of the principal semi-an nually, so that the entire debt will be paid in fifty years. It requires that the Union Pacific railway shall give a mortgage on all its property, of every name and description, real, mixed and personal, and also preserves to the United States a list of the present statutory lien. In the event of the fail ure of said company to accept the pro visions of the act, there shall be carried to the credit of tne sinking fund one-half of the compensation for services ren dered for the ( Government, and in addition thereto the sum of two million dollars a year or seventy tive per centum of the whole net earn ings of the Union Pacific Railway Com pany, extending also the provisions of the Thurman act to the Kansas Pacific Railway Company and the central branch of the Union Pacific Railroad Company; that on the failure to pay, a receiver shall be appointed to take charge of, manage and operate the road, branches and lines of said company, un til the principal and interest debt shali have been fully paid. Section 0 provides for the ascertain ment of the present amount of the debt of the Central Pacific Railroad Company ; then for the payment of interest at the rate of 2 per centum per annum, payable semi annually, and ho much of the prin ciple as shall result iv the payment of tlie entire debt in seventy-five veara. But in order to relieve the road from too great a burden duringjthe next ten years, as it is necessary for it to make some ex tensive improvements, it capitalizss for that time one-half of the two per cant, to be paid. The bill requires the mortgage of the entire property of the Central Pacific Railroad Comptuy, including some very important roads in California, and also by that section and a eunsequent one, that the Southern Pacific Railroad Com pany aud Central Pacific t-hall make the present lease subsisting between them an additional security to the United States for the payment of the debt. Either of said companies may extend payment or refund indebtedness prior to the time required for payment by the United States, to the extent f par value of such first mortgage bonds, at a rate of interest not to exceed 5 par cent. la the event of any default for ninety days in the payment of interest or prin cipal, as required by the act, the entire deM shall immediately mature. The recording of the niortgagg by the Secretary of the Treasury, In conformity with tho law of the various States and Territories where the property is situated, is provided for. The United States may retain all the mouey due to these com panies for tet vices until the installments of the principal and the interest upon the bonds next maturing after such ser vices are rendered shall be fully paid. The companies shall pay no dividends unless the same shall have been actually earned, and unless such company shall have paid all the interest and matured indebtedness. Section 18 provides for the repeal of the law requiring Government directors; also the laws imposing limitations on the rights of the companies to acquire prop erty, extend their railways, elc. San Francisco, February IG —A special dispatch from Washington save.: It is, of course, provided that the first mortgage of $25,000,000 on the Central Pacific held by private persons remains as at present. It can be stated on authority that the Southern Pacific people will not accept tlie terms offered, and the battle will be fought out in Congress. A gentleman high in railroad circles remarked : "The Government ueks us to givo our unaided lines aB security, something they have not got now. We would rather abandon the aided line from Ogden to Sacra mento, and lot them tight it out with the holders of the first mortgage than ac cept such terms." Firi'V-I'IRS I' < ONUKESS. What tlie Two Home* Rave Before Tii.-in This Week. Washington, February IG. —For the first time since the present Congress met, the House is to have an old-fash ioned suspension day tomorrow, the re sult of the new code of rules. The World's Fair committee will probably request the House to adopt its programme for the disposition of its bills, aud the simple majority vote necessary to make this order will doubtless be se cured. The pension appropriation bill will probably be reported to the House Tues day. Sherman has given notice that he will ask the Senate this week to consider his bill declaring trusts unlawful; and to morrow Piatt, from tho committee on Territories, will report favorably the bill for the admission ol Idaho. "KED JIM" ItIcULUnOTT. lie Says Parnell Must Step Down aud (int, New York, February It; —The World this morning has a column talk witn "Red Jim" McDermott, from its London correspondent, in the course of which McDermott says he returned from New Zealand at the solicitation of Laboucehre, but wonld not Bay on what busi ness. He said: "You may quote me as saying that it is the opinion of the staunchest followers of Parnell that he must step down and out as the leader of the Irish party before Parliament has been in session two months; perhaps much sooner than that. I assure you that the expenses of the Parnell com mission have crippled the resources of the Irish party ko badly that they are at their wi's ends. A great deal of money is gone that cannot be accounted for." WICK Dl I H KS. The Hlrinlns-iiani Rurrtevor Con template* Suicide. Birmingham, Ala., February 10.— Last night Dick Hawes wrote two letters, one to Miss May Storey, the young lady whom he married in Columbus, and the other to Ed. Weaver, of Marion, Indiana. He gave them unstamped to Deputy Ellard. Both said that when received the writer would be dead, which plainly meant that Hawes intended to commit suicide. The letter to Miss Storey said the late confession in which he claimed ho paid John Wylie to kill hie Wife aad his daughter Irene was false. He did it to get even with Wylie, who had once, while in jail here, betrayed a plot that Hawes and other prisoners had on foot to escape. sect;Essrci. 111. viik n ah.. A Wealthy Citizen Worked for Two Thousand Dollars. Springfield, Mass., February 16. —A successful attempt at blackmail, of which Amaeiah Mayo, a wealthy citizeD, was the victim, has just come to light. Last November Frank C. Algerton, a medium, enticed Mayo to his room, and under pretense of receiving a massage treatment put Mayo in a compromising attitude. Algerton's confederate, George A. Mason, broke in the door, and, claim ing to be a detective, threatenedto arrest both men. He finally agreed to settle for $4 000, and Mayo paid him his half of this amount, while Algerton gave a bogus check for his share. Stabbed in the Neck. New York, February 10.—James Mil ler, colored, was this morning stabbed in the neck and killed, by Morris Miller, also colored. The latter pleads self-de fense as an excuse for the murder. Tne trouble was caused by bad feeling be tween the murderer and a negro named Stephenson, who was arrested last week on the charge of passing counterfeit sil ver dollars. Stephenson was accom panied by James Miller at the time the deed was committed, and James was killed during an affray which ensued when the pair met Morris. Last Week's Exchanges. Boston, February 16 —The total gross exchanges for last week, as shown by dispatches from the leading clearing houses of the United States and Canada, were $1,081,249,916, a decrease of 2.5 per [cent, compared with last year. A DAY'S HAPPENINGS. i Heavy Snowstorm in the Sierra Nevadas. THE NEW NEVADA BANK DEAL. Mr. Hpllmau's Name Inspires Cou li deuce — General News Gleanings. Associated Press Dispatches to tho Herald. Tbuckee, Cal., February, 10—The heaviest storm of this Btormy winter raged in the mountains today. The snow fell four inches per hour. The old snow was packed like ice and crusted so that a loaded team could pass over the surface. The wind swept the new snow in huge drifts, leaving the surface of the old snow bare. When east-bound train No. 1 reached Cascade cut this morning the snow had drifted so deep that the train was blocked. All the train except the four rear cars finally reached Sum mit. The snow was five feet deep on each side of the imprisoned cars. A Sacramento excursion of forty-seven pleasure-seekers, who were coming to Truckee to see the snow scenery, is in the rear car of the four that are snow bound. The snow shovelers at Cascade struck this afternoon because of the severity of the storm, the snow blowing back into the cut as fast as the shovelers could get it out. Trainmaster VVaddell nas knot the plows running all day to tunnel 13, and a snow plow will run east and west all night. Superintendent Wbited, of the Truckee division, reports that the storm is raging all along the line to Win nemucca. Train No. 3is at Cisco, and the cyclone plow is between Cisco and Cascade. The latest report is now that the shov elers are again working at Cascade, and the officials state that the road will bo clear by midnight. Ditch Flat, Cal., February 15.—1t has been snowing since 7 p. m. yester day, with high winds and low barome'er. The road is clear west of Cisco. Train No. 1, of '.Le 15th, is stuck in the snow at Cascade, with a p*rty of excursionists front Sacramento, who wore going to Truckee to see the grand winter Ecenes. No. 3of the 15th is lying at Cisco. Tlie storm in the mountains during the past twenty-four hours is as severe as at any time "this winter. Train No. 2" is at Truckee waiting for a clear track before starting west. Several cars <;f shoveler-i were rushed to the front today. Tne railroad people have hopes of getting a clear track tonight. W"*""". ÜBIMUWJ 10. « vu.u menced snowing here at G o'clock this morning and continued throughout the day. About eight inches have fallen. The storm subsided tonight. No fears of another blockade are entertained. THE NEVADA BANK DEAL,. Mr. Hellman's Name Gives Solldlty to tbe Institution. San Francisco, February 18.—Speak ing of the proposed sale of the Nevada Bank, Captain Niebaurn, one of the di rectors of the Alaska Commercial Com pany, and who is associated in business with Louis Sloas and Louis Gerstle, said: "I do not think Louis Sloss knows much about the proposed purchase, except in a general way. Members of our own company have made and received propositions to purchase with others an interest in tho bank. So far as we are concerned our willingness to in vest depends upon the bank's future management. We regard Mr. Hellman, of Los Angeles, as an able banker, and if he is willing to take charge of the bank's affairs, we are willing to invest money on it. The mere name and business of the bank are not of much value without a competent manager to carry on its affairs. Some time ago Mr. Sloss looked into the ques tion of purchase, and found that if he invested he would have to devote considerable time to the man agement of the bank's business. This didn't suit him, and he dropped it. Later, when Mr. Hellman expressed a willingness to take hold of the bank, we agreed to subscribe a certain amount of the needed capital. Tho bank has done well lately, and has a pay ing business, but its owners are not desirous of devoting their time to it, and are willing to dispose of the ma jority of the stock, but wish to retain a considerable share. The situation is simply this: If Mr. Hellman will take hold of the bank we will put in a certain amount of capital with him. A good commercial bank, well handled, is an excellent investment for money." THE iRAI»('ALL. Heavy Precipitation Throughout the State. San Bernardino, February 16.—1t has been raining steadily here all day. Santa Cruz, February 16. — The weather has been showery for the past twenty-four hours, with cool winds. Bakerseield, February 16.—This morning there were hieh winds, fol lowed by two hours of rain, during which seven-hundredths of an inch of water fell. St. Helena, February 16.—Heavy rain fell last night and today, accom panied by heavy winds, cold and vari able, and several severe hail storms. The hills surrounding the valley are covered with snow. Modesto February 16. —The heaviest south wind of the season blew all last night, accompanied by rain, precipitat ing fifty-nine hundreds of an inch. The weather is clear and cold tonight. Newman, Cal., February 16—After three weeks of fine weather rain began falling last night, and continued until this morning, the precipitation being .91. Farmers have been busy seeding aud plowing, and everything points to a pros perous season for the west side of the San Joaquin valley. San Francisco, February 16.—There was a heavy storm here last night, but it did no further damage in the bay than to cause several ships to drag their an chors. A GREAT SUCCESS. Tbe Riverside lair Closed and Premiums Awarded. Riverside, February 16.—The first an nual fair of the Twenty-eighth Agri cultural District closed in this city last evening, with the reading of the awards. The fair has been the most successful in every particular of any fair ever held in this section. The display of citrus fruits was very large and fine. Tbe receipts from all sources were about $1,500. There was a large attendance laet evening to hear' the reading of the awards. The bos* display of oranges grown by one person, was made by J.P. Castleman, of Riverside, who received the first premium, $100. The best box of Washington navel oranges, by any grower, open for competition to all'grow ers in the United States, was displayed by W. H. Backus, of Riverside, who re ceived a gold medal. The best display of bananas was made by W. S. (Jorwig of Highlands, first premium. CXI ME IN UOTHA M. A fiory Tragedy Enacted Early Sunday Morning-. New York, February 15 —Isaac Jacob, a resident of Brooklyn, killed Herman Royozinsky, at day break, in a stable at 47 Ridge street. From there he went to the murdered man's residence, 54 Ridge street, to kill his wife Johannah. She was comiug through the door as he ap proached, and he shot her with a revol ver. The ball entered her neck. The woman's eighteen-year-old son, Otto, bounded from the room and leaped at the muiderer. Jacob turned and fled. When near the corner of Broome street, Jacob turned on the young man and aimed the revolver. Otto dodged behind a wagon, . and Jacob, seeing two police officers ap proaching, placed the muzzle of the re volver to his own temple and fired. He died in a few minutes. Mrs. Royozinsky was taken to a hospital in a very critical condition. Various canses led to the shooting. The trouble be gan three years ago. At that time Jacob is said to have smuggled a lot of diamonds into tbe country, which he placed in the murdered man's keep ing. When the danger was over Jacob apked for the return of the diamonds. Royozinsky. it is said, refused to give them up. This led to a quarrel. An other cauoe is found in the fact that Jacob was enamored of Royezinsky's niece. His suit prospered until it was learned th.it he had a wife and children living with him in Brooklyn, when Royozinsky refused him the house. Fre quent and bitter quarrels ensued. Jacob went to the house at 4:30 this morning, knocked on the door and told Royozinsky somebody was stealing his horses. Royo zinsky dressed himself and went out, and the tragedy followed. UNFORTUNATE KEDSKINS. Disease ana Hunger Decimating Their Kan ks. Minneapolis, February It; —Reports from the Miile Laca Indian reservation, in advance of the report of the visiting commission, indicate that a severe and fatal attack of the epidemic disease, la grippe, is said to have been quite equal to the epidemic of smallpox, and in some encampments there are not enough well Indians to fend the sick, even if they had sufficient food. The head chiefs are expecting aid from the Government in response to telegrams sent to Washing ton, but none had como. Estimates place the deaths at from forty to fifty. Indian Agent Schuler hat sent medical aid and some supplies from Brainerd, Minnesota. St. Pai l, February 16 —Indian Aeont Cragie, at Devil's Lake reservation, North Dakota, told a Pioneer Press re porter today that the destitution among the Indians ol that agency has beeu un derstated. The winter is very severe, and in his opinion, if the $3 000 recently authorized for their relief by the Presi dent had been delayed longer, there would have been few Indians to have re ceived any benefits therefrom. He further saya that unless more help is quickly furnished, it is doubtful whether all of the 900 Indians on the reservation will live until spring. Already a num ber of deaths have resulted from starva tion. YUUTHI'tiL 'I R IMPS. A Remarkable Joiirner Made by Two Tacoma Lads. Cuicaoo, February 16 —A dispatch from Jelfarsonville, Ind., says: Daniel and Edward Seek, aged respectively 15 and 16 years, have just arrived at the home of their grandfather after a re markable experience. The boys ran away from home at Tacoma, Washing ton, January 19th, being unable, as they say, to get along with their step-mother. They had no baggage and possessed only :J5 cents between them, yet never entered any house nor asked food or assistance from anyone. Their diet con sisted of corn taken from the fields and eaten raw, or roasted by a fire in the woods. They stole or begged rides on when they could, and walked part of the way. A Homb Exploded. New York, February 16.—Tonight some unknown person threw a bomb into an alleyway at 149 and 151 Elizabeth street. The missile exploded, blowing down a brick wall and part of a wooden fence and shattering the windows in the rear of the house. No person was found in the place. Nobody was injured. The police are investigating. Crime In Ohio. Columbus, 0., February 16.—William Dohn, a tinner, this morning, while in toxicated, attempted to kill his wife by shooting her. The ball struck her in the arm, und he then suicided. Thomas Ryan, a saloon-keeper of Georgesville, shot and killed Napoleon Sever, aged 19, Saturday night, and also fatally shot Joshua Stephens. The trouble arose over a game of cards. No Use for Public Schools. Newark, N. J., February 16.—Mons signor Doane, who was recently given the title of Prothonotary Apostolic, by the Pope, notified the parißhoners of St. Patrick's cathedral to day that they must take their children from the public schools and place them in parochial schools, on the penalty of ex-communi cation and denial of absolution. A steamer Suuk. Jacksonville, Fla., February 10.—The steamer Louise, of the Jacksonville and Mayport line, ran into an obstruction early this morning near Hunter's Mill, on the St. Johus river, and sank. One man was drowned, and the other pas sengers and crew escaped with difficulty. Died from Injuries. San Francisco, February 16 —Thomas Yelverton. proprietor of a small lodging house here, died this afternoon from in juries received a week ago while engaged in a scuttle with John Carey, a lodger in the house. An inquest will be held to morrow. Carey is now in custody. Be fore his death Yelverton stated that his injuries were caused by a kick in the stomach from Carey. A Pugilist Attempts Robbery. Stockton, February 16.—Billy Mc- Pherson, the colored middleweight pugilist, was arrested this m6rning for the attempted robbery of a bricklayer named Robert Haas. McPherson drew a knife and demanded Haas's money, but Haas seized the negro and held him till the police arrived. Sudden Benin at Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz, February 16.—Charles If off, the assessor of thia county from 1872 to 1879, died suddenly here this morning.