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>>AILY HERALD^ -rOBLIISIB- -BKVKN DAYS A. WKKK. JOSEPH D. LYNCH. JAMB J. AYBBS. AVERS & LYNCH, - PUBLISHERS. Entered at the postofflce at Los Angeles as second-class matter. I DELIVERED BY CARRIERS At tOc. per Week, or SOc. per Month. TERMS BY MAIL, INCLUDINO FOBTAGB I DAH.Y Herald, one year $8 00 Daily Hbbald, six months 4.25 Daily Hbbald, three months 2.35 Weekly Hbbald, one year. 2.00 Wsbkly Herald, six months 1.00 W BBKi.Y Herald, three months 60 li.-.ostbatkd Hbbald, per oopy 15 Office of Publication, 123-125 West Sefjsnd street, ios Angeles. Telephone No. 156 Tbe "Daily Herald" May be found is San Francisco at the Palace hotel news-stand; in Chicago at the Postofflce news-stand, 103 East Adams street: in Denver at Smith A Sons' news-stand, Fifteenth and Lawrence streets. TLKxnW, FEBRUARY 25, 1890. Chicago gets the World's Fair. The city by the lakes has had a knack of getting anything she wanted for many a year past. She is only a parvenu among cities as things go in this world. We talk of blood telling! Pluck tells! And Chicago always did have enough pluck for ten cities. The other day we alluded to the low rates of fare established by Eastern roads to Eastern pleasure resorts, calling atten tion to the fact that from St. Louis to Florida a round-trip rate of $16 00 ex isted. There are even more surprising rates than that. A man can go from St. Louis to New Orleans, with the privilege of remaining two weeks there, and re turn, for $8 00. There is no complaint that these rates are not remunerative to the railway companies that have adopted them. Why will not our California rail way magnates inaugurate, not a "boom," bat an era of genuine progress in this State by similar concessions? Too much attention can not be given to this matter. It is vital to the prosperity and development of the section. Some misapprehension, exists in the public mind as to the request of the railroad people to have a police officer stationed at the Arcade depot. The plea is not that the property of the com pany needs protection; for that there is an officer kept at the expense of the railroad. The regular officer is asked for solely on account of the public. Some two dozan trains arrive at that point or depart from it daily. AH sorts of char acters Come aud gd and hang around such a place. It is the ideal spot for robbers, sharpers, procuresses and all the exploiters of nefarious enter prises to ply their trades. If the purpose of maintaining police officers at public expense is to protect the lives, property and other rights of the public, it would seem as if one might earn hia salary at such a depot as well as he could in any part of the city. The weather during the current winter, in the East, has been highly exceptional. In fact, over extensive areas of the coun try on the thither side of the Rock y Mountains, there has been no winter. In view of this circumstance the large passenger movement to California during this period has been as surprising as it has been gratifyiag. It shows that there is a strong, reliable tide of immigration which will pour into this State irrespect ive of what the weather may be in the regions from which they hail. The Paris Exposition and the mild Eastern winter, have undoubtedly largely curtailed the number of visitors who have sought the Coast for pleasure or for health. There is little doubt that during the coming fall and winter, when there will be no Paris Exposition, and the normal Eastern weather shall have been restored, we shall have an unprecedented influx of visitors, bent on health, pleas ure and settlement. In view of the assurance that the far mer was to find in a protective tariff the minimum bonum of all earthly attainable blise, the plight of the Kansas farmer is indeed a pitiable one. Corn during the current winter has sold for as low as ten cents a bushel, and the despairing husbandman is using it for fuel in that State. Twelve and fifteen cents a bushel are high rates, even in those portions of Kansas not remote from railways. When the farmer has at tended to the interest on his mortgages, he mu-it find the margin of profit very small in such figures. It is questionable, whether after such an experience, he will, in the coming years, look upon pro tection with the same sanguine spirit of hope with which he has hitherto re garded it. He will probably realize the force of the homely old adage that the proof of the pudding is in chewing the string. He will, in faot, probably believe that he is left holding the bag, the protectionists having the game. It is positively assorted on the very best authority that the founding of a great beet sugar factory on the Chino ranch hinges directly on the action of the present Congress as to the duties on ■ugar. The contract with the Oxnard Bros, is complete, provided the duty is not reduced. It may therefore be confi dently hoped that the great industry will be began next spring. This Congress will not pais any tariff bill at all. The pension bounties, the new navy, the coast defenses, the pablic buildings, the harbor improvements and all the other measures demanding attention, and sure to be treated not with conservative wisdom but with the radical extrava gance that always marks the course of a Republican administration, will maintain such a demand for funds that no reduction will be possible. It is well that so ill a wind is likely to blow this much good to our section as to secure the sugar factory. The duty on sugar will not be reduced at any time. A Democratic Congress will reduce the duty on a hundred articles rather than, that on sugar. A Republican Congress never fiodg it possible to reduce any sort of taxation. fHE LOS AftGELBS DAILY HERALD: TUESDAY JttjßiNlUlu, FEBRCAhI 25. 1890 The Surplus About to Be "Blown In." •It is an auspicious circumstance for the surplus, about which we have heard so much, that we have a Congress Republi can in both branches. It was the Hon. Tom Fitch—he of the "Silver Tongue"— who, in a speech at the Pavilion, during the canvass of 1888, suggested that the proper use to put the surplus to was to "blow it in." Mr. Fitch himself is on the ground, being reported in Washing ton, and he will doubtless abound in suggestions aa to how it ought to be handled so that it can be put where it will do the most good. It would really look as if there need b? no anxiety about the surplus; for, by all accounts, there will be none to wrangle over. Including the estimated revenues, from all sources, for the year ending June 30th, 1891, and the accumulated surplus itself; the sum available for ap propriations up to that date is only $632,000,000. Including the amounts re quired for the running expenses of the i Government, the probable appropriations for the new navy, coast defenses and for service pensions, it is not at all unlikely that by the date named the surplus will be reduced to a million dol lars. Quite likely it will be a deficiency instead of a surplus, if the receipts should fall off and the expansive Repub lican schemes should be carried out. No one objects to a recognition of the services of the men who preserved the Union if it shall be kept within bounds — that is, within reasonable limits. The sum appropriated for pensions for the year ending June 30th, 1891, is $99, --000,000, as against $88,000,000 for the current year. This is an advance of $11,000,000 over the current year. In addition, it is proposed to pass a service pension bill. No measure looking to this end aims to appropriate less than forty millions of dollars, while the max imum sum which it is sought to draw from the treasury is one hundred million dollars. Either sum will, in addition to the normal appropriations for pansions, knock a big hole in the surplus. The total will vary from $139,000,000 to $199,000, --000. This is a question which is destined to cut a big figure in our politics some day. The pension list is swelling at a remarka ble rate, having attained the respsotable fipure of over 486,000, nearly a fifteen per cent, increase over last year. If this ratio of increase shall hold good, with a convenient system of re-rating pensions, there is no telling where the surplus will land from this cause alone. The new navy will also doubtless cut • Considerable figure in blowing in the surplus, as also the coast defenses. Oa the whole, our Republican friends will probably relieve us from all cause for anxiety about the surplus. If their tariff bill shall make any real reductions in the importations we m»y look out for a pretty broad gauged deficiency by tbe time the Fifty-second Congreis shall taxe hold. Mr. Fitch being on the spot, with his valuable counsel, there is no reason why the surplus should not bs a thing of shreds and patches long before the present House of Representatives has run its course. I Republican Repentance on the Silver Question. The bill reported or silver coinage from the Senate committee is perhaps as much as could have been looked for from that source. It practically coins $500,000 a month more than the highest limit of the Bland Act. It had been given out from pretty high Republican quarters as long ago as last summer that this ses sion of Congress would be marked by a change of front in that party on the silver question. There had been loud mutterings of disapprobation, mingled with threats, from the West, that unless this were done a great defection from Republicanism would result. There is then not much doubt that the Lower House, which comes so much more directly from the people, will fall into line and pass some law for the increase of silver coin age. If $4,500,030 a month of the white metal is put into circulation it will test to some extent the correctness of the theories held by the advocates of silver. If it does not result in driving gold out of the country, or in flooding it with foreign silver; and if it results in bringing the price of silver more neariy to its former parity with gold, then it will become manifest that we are on the right road, and after a year's trial of the new pro gramme we shall all be prepared 'to proceed further in the same direction and at a more rapid 1 pace. Even this proposed measure ' of relief will result in giving us a more ' nearly adequate volume of currency for the needs of the country, and thus all our business enterprises will be stimulated to a greater degree of activity and pros perity. But Mr. Secretary Windom does not shine with any particular luetre in his maunderings over the intricacies of the financial problem. One sentence from his windy attempt at explication of his so called plan is enough. That the free coinage of silver should result in depressing the price of that metal is a discovery such as only a man of Windom's sagacity would ever have hit on. Mr. Windom is probably the most illogical man of prominence in the United States, not excepting Citizen Train, whose attempts at reasoning greatly reeemb'e those of the distin guished Secretary of the Treasury. Our new city directory is out and is an improvement on that of last year in many respects. It contains a list of 30,000 names of people in some sort cf business or employment. This is some increase over the number in the last di rectory, a fact which indicates that there has been no falling off in our population as an incident of the qniet time* prevail ing in most lines of business enterprise. The number of children in the schools, and all other attainable facts lead to the same conclusion. By the ratio of names in a directory to ike population of a town that is found usually to 'apply, it would appear as if we had a city here of 00,000 souls. I FINALLY SETTLED. Chicago Wins the World's Fair Race. A TREMENDOUS RESPONSIBILITY. But She Will Prove Herself Equal to the Occasion—New York Bows Gracefully. Associated Press Dispatches to the Hbbald Washington, February 24.—The fight over the World's Fair site is regarded as finally settled by the action of the House today. New York's leading representa tives accept their defeat calmly and phil osophically, and consider it final. They say New York, despite many drawbacks, made a gallant fight, and now that they have been beaten, bow gracefully to the situation, and intend to do what they can to make the fair a success. Chicago, the New York leaders think, has taken a tremendous responsibility upon herself. Depew said tonight: "The most marvel ous exhibition of modern tunes has just closed successfully in Paris. Whatever Chicago does ia to be compared with that. If she equals it she has made a success ; if she passes it she has made a triumph; if ehe falls below it she will be held res ponsible by the American people for having assumed what she was not equal to. I believe, however, she will suc ceed." Many St. Louis and Washington men have already announced that they in tend to work for Chicago. 11 is not be lieved the strength of the opponents to the fair will exceed sixty votes. It is , probable, however, that a large number of members will be found in favor of postponing the date of the fair until '95. Tonight the Chicago people are over flowing with gladness. THE BALLOTING. Washington, February 24 —In spite of the bad day, with rain falling, the hall of the House and the galleries at noon were packed with spectators, and crowds obstructed the corridors. All of these people had gathered to witness the deciding of the struggle between the ad herents of New York, Chicago, St. Louis and Washington upon the result of which depended the location of the World's Fair of 1892. A host of representative men were to be seen in the reserved galleries. The clerk read the special order prescribing the method of voting upon the site for tne fair, requiring Eoru» one place to have a majority of the votes cast. Blount, of Georgia wished to k»riw if there would be an opportunity afforded to pass upon the question as to whether there shall be a fair, before selecting a site. The Speaker replied that under the special order this opportunity could not ba had, and immediately directed the clerk to call the roll. FIRST BALLOT. 1 There wati some applause as the first few responses were made, which w*« I promptly checked by the Speaker. The vote resulted: Chicago, 115; New York, 72; Bt. Louis, 61; Washington, 50; Cumberland Gap, Term., 1. The Chicago people were jubilant upon the announcement of the result of the first ballot, but were restrained from ex pressing their feelings openly, by reason of the Speaker's caulion to refrain from demonstration. During the recapitula tion of the names, there were signs of consultation among the leaders, and tbe Chicago and Washington people looked with suspicion upon Dockery.of Missouri,when he approached Cummings, of New York, and held a whispered conversation for a moment. The second ballot showed gains of six and eleven for Chicago and New York respectively, and losses of two and ten for St. Louis and Washington re spectively. The single scattering vote also disappeared. SECOND BALLOT. The second vote resulted: Chicago, 121; New York, 83; St. Louis, 5»; Washington, 46; whole number, 30V; majority, 155. THIRD BALLOT. The third vote resulted: Chicago, 127; New York, 92; St. Louie, 53; Washing ton, 34; whole number, 306; majority, 154. FOURTH BALLOT. The fourth ballot resulted: Chicago, 134; New York, 95; St. Louis, 48; Wash ington, 29. The Chicago men brightened visibly at the result, for they gained seven votes,as against a gain of only three for New York, while St. Louis lost five (the "be ginning of the end" in their case), and Washington five. None of Chicago's, supporters changed to other cities, and only one dropped out. FIFTH nALLOT. Even without waiting for a recapitula tion of the votes, the reading clerk, show ing signs of weariness, began the mo notonous roll-call once more. At it pro gressed, the Chicago men began, for the first time, to show symptoms of uneasi ness, and Mason and Springer who were doing the larger part of tbe whipping-in, redoubled their effjrts, hurrying pages into restaurants and committee-rooms after absent members and routing out others from the lobbies and cloak rooms. Flower was keeping tally for the New Yorkere, and greeted every accession with a smile. From his seat in the ten ter oi the House, Hitt was doing the same for the Chicagoans. The fifth ballot showed a total vote of 312, and the apprehensions of the Chicagoans were justified in a measure for New York gained fifteen votes, while Chicago added but six to her column. St Louis meanwhile fell off ten votes and Washington five. The vo'.s was: Chicago, 140; New York, 110; St. Louis, 38; Washington, 24. SIXTH BALLOT. All was excitement as the roll-call be gan again. It was apparent that the Southern members, who had steadfastly supported St. Louis up to this pMnt were beginning to break away, and going over to New York. Consequently the expectations of the New Yorkers were at the highest point, and, indeed, in this vote they polled their full strength but gained only six votes, while Chicago gained nine, and St. Louia and Wash ington kept up their steady retrogression the former losing ten and the latter five votes. The total vote was again 312, appor tioned as follows: Chicago, 149- New York, 116; St. Louis, 28; Washington, 19 THE NEW YOKKKBB BEGINNING TO SQUIRM The New York people were diecom ,flted at their small gain and began to realize that they ceuld do no more. The desertion of Wade, of Missouri, from St. Louis, to Chicago, added tw their alarm, so the reading of the vote was demanded, not to verify it but to secure time for con sultation. Heads were together all over the House, and the result was shown just as the roll-call began, by Wilson rising and moving a recess until tomorrow at 11 o'clock. There was a shout of disap point merit and derision from the compact Chicago forces, and when the Speaker attempted to put the question several Chicagoans were on their feet with points of order, alleging that it was too late, that the roll-call had begun. Tbe Speaker declared, however, that he had recognized Wilson before the first name was called, and put the question. With out waiting for the announcement of the viva voce vote. Wilson demanded the yeas ami nays, and they were ordered. There was much excitement on the floor at this point. Flower was hurrying about from one man to another pointing to the clock, which indicated the hour of 4:30, and urging a recess. A rumor ran over the western side of the hall, where Chicago was in force, that it wan the pur pose of the New Yorkers to arrange over night for the transfer of their strength and that of St. Louis to Washington, and the fact that Wilson, in charge of Wash ington's interest, was leading the move ment, tended to add currency to the rumor. Gotham's backbone broken. If such was the purpose, however, it failed signally, for on the yeas and nays and \o'a the West clannis ily rallied together, and the House refused to take a recess by a vote of yeas 130, nays 174. The Chicagoans answered in feverish impatience, fearing dilatory tactics that would lose them the advantage they held. Mason rushed forward to the clerk, ex claiming "Call the roll! Call the roll!" New York's backbone was broken, how ever, and there was little further opposi tion. SKNKNTH BALLOT. The clerk again took up his list, and the result was 311 votes, divided as fol lows: Chicago, 154; New York, 112; St Louie, 27; Washington, 17. The major ity made 150' and Chicago had 154, just two votes Bhort. There was an agony of expectation when Mason dragged Heyburn, Judge Kelley's successor, forward. Lie said he wanted to change his vote from New York to Chicago, and did so. He was greeted with applause and evidently ex pected to lead a stampede for Chicago, bat was disappointed. Nobody followed his example and Chicago's total stood 155, one lees than a majority. CHICAGO ACHIEVES HER VICTORY. The New York forces were retiring in good order and contested every inch of the ground. So another roll-call was necessary. It was the eighth and last, for Chicago achieved her victory, and cut of a total of 307 votes received 157, three more than a tnajirity. New York had 107, St. Louis 25, and Washington IS. Following is the. EIGHTH I]ALLOT IN DETAIL. Chicago—Abbot, Ames, Aldersoa, Allen (Mich.), Allen (Miss.), Anderson (Kas.), Atkinson,Bartine, Barwig, Bayne, Belknap, Boothman, Boutelle, Brewer, Brickner, Brookshire, Brewer, T. M, Browne, J. B. Brown, Bullock, Burrows, Burton, Butterworth, Bynum, Caldwell, Cannon, Carter, Caswell, Cheatham, Chipman, Clark (Wis.), Clunie, Cogs well, Coleman, Comatoek, Conger, Con nell, Cooper (Ind.), Cooper (Ohio), Craig, Cram, Culberson (Texas), Culber son (Perm), Cntcheon, Dalzell, Darling ton, Davidson, Dolliver, Dorsey, Dunnell, Kvane, Ewart, Finley, Fithian, Flick, Foreman, Funston, Gear, Gest, Gifford, Greenhalge, Grosvenor, Grout, Hall, Hansbrough, Hare, Haugen, Haynee, Hayes, Henderson, (Illinois), Henderson, (lowa),Heimann, Hill, Hitt, Holman, Hopkins, Houk, Kelly, Kennedy, Kerr, (Iowa), Lacey, La Follette. Lane, Lanham, Lawler, Lewis, Lind, Martin, (Indiana), Mason, Mc- Clellan, McCord. McCormick, McCreary, McKenna, McKinley, Milliken, Morey, Morgan,Morrill, Morrow.O'Neal (Mass.), O-tborne, Onthwaite, Owen, (Indiana), Owens. (Ohio), Parratt, Payson, Pendle ton, Perkins, Peters, Pickler, Post, Hugsiey, Kay, Reed, (Iowa), Keyburn, Kite, Rockwell. Rowell, Sbively, Smith, (Illinois), Smith, (West Va.), Savers., Scranton, Scull, Seney, Saoyser, Snider, Spooner, Springer, Stevenson, Struble, Sweney, Taylor, (Illinois), Taylor, (Tennessee), E. B. Taylor, J. D. Taylor, Thomas, Thompson, Townsend, (Col.), Towneend (Perm.), Turner (Kan ). Tur pin, Vandever, Van Schaicis, Walker (Masß.), Wallace (Masß.), Watson, Wheeler (Mich.), Whiting, Wickham, Wike, Williams (Ohio), Wilson (Ken tucky), Wilson (Washington), Voder— 157. Vote on New York—Andrew, Baker, Bankhead, Banka, Barnes, Beckwith, B«lden, Bergen, Bingham, Blanchard, Blount, Boatner, Breckinridge (Ark.), Browne (Virginia), Brunner, Buchanan (N. J.), Buchanan (Virginia), Buckalew, Bunn, Campbell, Candler (Georgia), Carlton, Cate, Clancy, Clark (Ala.), Clement", Covert, Cowles, Crisp, Cum mings, Farquhar, Fitch, Flood, Flower, Fowler, Geissenhainer, Grimes, Har mer, Henderson (N. C), Herbert, Kerr (Pa.), Ketsh am, Knapp, Laidlaw, Lans ing, Lehlbacb, Lesttr (Ga.), Lodge, Magner, Maish, Martin (Tex.l, Mc- Adoo, McCarthy, MeClammyi Mc- Millan, McKae, Miles, Moffitt, Moore (N. H ),Moore (Texas), Mutchler, Nu'e, O'Nneill (Pa), Payne, Peel, Pen nington, Perry, Pierce, Quackenbush, Quinn, Rains, Reilly, Richardson, Rob ertson, Rogers, Roland, Russell, San ford, Sawyer, Sherman, Simmons Spinola. Stahlnecker, Stivers, Tillman, Tracy, Tucker. Turner (Ga.), Venable Wallace (N. V.), Washington, Wheeler (Ala.), Willcox, Wiley, Wilkison, Wise, Wright, Yardley and. Speaker Reed— 107. St. Louis—Bland, Breckinridge (Ky.) Caruth, Catching*, Cochran, Dockery' Ellis, Enloe, Frank, Goodnight, H»tch' Heard, Kinsey, Mansur, Mills, Mont gomery, Niedringhaus, Norton, O'Neal! (Ind.), Stoekdale. Stone (Ky.), Stone (Mo.), T-raney, Walker (Mo.), Wilson (M0.)—25. Washington—Bowden, Browne (Va.) ComDton, DeHaven, Gibson, Hemphill' Hooker, Lee, Lester (Va.), McComas' O'Ferrall, Rusk, Skinner. Stewart (Ga )' Stewart * (Tex.), Stockbridge, Stunm' Wilson (W..Va.)-18. P ' The changes on the eighth and last ballot were: Abbott, from St. Louis to Chicago; Catchings, from Chicago to St. Louis; Cobb, from St Louis to New York; Eoloe, from New York to St. Louis; Hemphill, from New York to Washington; Reillv, from Washington to New York; Skinner from New York to Washington ; Wallace (Mass.), from New York to Chicago. In addition, the following members voted, who dropped out in the preced ing vote, or had not voted at all t Allen (Miss. )" Forman and Wike, for Chicago- Cotiiran, for St. Louis, and O'Neill (Pa.)' for Washington. The following named members who had voted previously dropped out: An derson (Miss.), Chead!e and Oahes of the Chicago people; Carlisle and Wade, of I St. Louis; Stewart (Vt.) and Mors*, New York. Ob the announcement of the result, it was greeted with thunderous applause by Chicago's adherents. The House ad journed at 6 o'clock in the midst of the uproar. THEY ARE "*IE WINNERS." Chicago cclcfcrates Her Victory In a "!Tlodest." Manner. Chicauo, February 24 —The street scenes in Chicago this afternoon and evening told of enthusiasm modest and unmistakable. In the crowds surround ing the newspaper offices and other places where oulletins were displayed were representatives of ail classes of so ciety, and such cordial effusiveness, warm hand-shaking, gratified emiles and genuine shouts of joy is not often wit nessed anywhere. The unanimity of thie display was the feature of the occa sion. Usually upon news of this sort, or rather news from political conventions and the like, there is to be seen a losing side; but here all were winners. To night the toots of horns mingled with] the booming of cannon, and at the clubs, hotels and other resorts the coming of the World's Fair to Chicago is being cele brated with vim. WlNDOn's SILVER RILE- Tne Secretary Speaks In Defense of His Theory. Washington, D. C, February 24.— Secretary Windom appeared betore tbe House committee on coinage, weight* and measures, today, for the purpose of having an interchange of opinion on the subject of silver coinage with the mem bers of the committee. He declared his bill framed to meet in the best way he could devise, the present financial condition of the country, and he dis avowed all charges that tbe bill was a mere makeshift; that its au thor did not believe in it, and that it was brought forward to- defeat some other measure. He said he was really a strong friend of silver, although some people did not think so, and he was anxious for some measure that would enhance its value. OBJECTIONS SMOOTHED OVEK. Windom took up the objections raised against the bill. The first difficulty was that excluding foreign ores. To meet this he prepared an amendment to add to the first section, making it the duty oi collectors of customs to stamp on every bar of silver bullion imported the word "foreign." It also makes it the duty of every assayer or refiner of the United States, or any other person or firm who may receive bars of silver stamped with the word "foreign," in cbeb such bars are remelted or refined, to stamp the resulting bars "foreign." In case the bars of silver stamped "foreign" are remelted or re fined with silver products of the United States, it shall be the duty of such assayer or refiner to stamp an amount of ;:lver bars which will be equivalent to the amount of foreign silver meHedjjr refined, with the word, Tne same rule shall apply to foreign silver coins. Penalties are provided for failure to stamp bars, or for removing the Stamp to prevent identification. Tnis section shall not apply to silver extracted from imported ores by processes of smelting, amalgamation and iixiviation or other metallurgical processes used in the United States. Concerning the objection to the sixth section, authorizing the Secretary to eus pend the receipt ©f silver bullion when satisfied that the price is arbitrary, the Secretary said: As far as speculative power is concerned, the powers the Sec retary now has are greater than those conferred on him by the bill. If the bill passed, the price of silver would in his opinion advance steadily and rapidly. An excellent feature of the discretionary power vested in the Secretary would be its deterrent on speculation in silver, and it was with reference to preventing this, rather than any expectation of using it, that it had been proposed. He, however, would leave it to the commit tee. As to the objection to the bill that it made a commodity of silver and degraded it from its high use as a money metal, the Secretary said he thought this a sentimental objection. His purpose was not to degrade silver, but bring it up as nearly as he could to an equality with gold. He was convinced that the meas ure would meet all tbe needs of the situ ation without endangering the interests of the country, and would absorb the surplus of silver, and thereby put up the price certainly and rapidly. " NO OBJECTION TO INCLUDE GOLD. In answer to a question by Conger, the Secretary said there was not any reasonable objection to including gold in the first section of the bill. To benefit the interests of the silver producers, was not the only motive in the bill. He believed in aiding everybody affected by the measure. He thought the wheat-raisers of the country were more interested than the silver people, for the farmers were heavy losers on account of the depression in silver, and the operation of tbe bill would tend to raise the prices of farm products. Free coinage, Windom said, would reduce the price of silver below the present value. The present bill would increase the circulation of the country to the extent of $20,000,000 an nually. Tbe Billiard Touruey. New York, February 24 —In the bil liard tournament today between Catton and Heiser, eight-inch balk line, Catton won by five points, with an average of 10 5 12. In this afternoon's game be tween Catton, playing an eight-inch balk, and Shaefer a fourteen-inch balk, the latter won; Catton only reached 252. Schaefer's highest run was 168. Averages: Behaefer, 20 20-24; Catton, 10 16 24. The game tonight between Daly and Ives, both playing an eight-inch balk, was won by Daly. Ives' score was 239. Averages: Daly, 20 20 24; Ives, 9 23 24. v A Fair Flection. Helena, Mont., February 24 —Judge McKatten, of Butte, today decided the Shrievalty case in Silver Bow county, in favor of Sullivan (Democrat). It is pos sible the case will be appealed. The Judge, after reviewing the case at length, and disposing of the legal technicalities, declares: "It appears that the election at Precinct 34 was fair, open and honest, and that the canvas and count were honest and correct." A Receiver Prayed For. Chicago, February 24. —A receiver for the International Construction Company, which is said to have secured contracts for building several hundred miles of railroad in New Mexico and the Mexican Republic, has been applied for, by Law yer Boyle, who claims to be a share holder. He alleges that President Fau rot and his son-in-law, Baxter, have con spired, to wreck the company. A Descendant of Taylor. Louisville, Ky., February 24— Colonel John M. Barbour, a well-known business man and politician, died here today. Colonel Barbour was a direct descendant iof Zachery Taylor. A MOUNTAIN OF WATER Swept the Valley of the Hassayampa. NEWS FROM THE SCENE OP DEATH Thirty-four Workmen Swept Away. The Town of Wickenberg Reported Safe. Ksociatod Presa Dispatches to the Herald Phoenix, Ariz., February 24. — A courier arrived from the lower dam on the Hassayampa this afternoon, and re ported that a tremendous mountain of water came down the U assay am pa about 2 o'clock Saturday morning, and that thirty-four men,who were working at the lower dam, were drowned. They were all whites, except three who were Chi nese. The courier reports that the town of Wickenberg is safe. Tbe loss of life in the valley between the dam and Wickenberg may not be known for some days, but it is, without doubt, considera ble, and the number of victims in the valley may possibly reach thirty or forty. The courier states that the upper dam is undoubtedly broken, and the force of the water carried away the two lower dams. LOSS OF LIFE AND PROPERTY. The loss of life and damage to prop erty must be very great. The loss of property in dams alone will amount to $800,000. Tbe entire valley from the dam to Wickenberg is inhabited principally by Mexican miners and ranchmen. The fall of rain and snow has been very heavy in the mountains far to the north and east, and water here is very high. Salt river rose seventeen feet in fifteen hours. Saturday morning the railroad bridge across it was washed away for 200 feet, and half a mile of track on the bank of the river is gone. Telegraph communication was interrupted, but a wire was placed across tbe river last night. Snow again fell on the mountains last night. No mail has beed received here for three days. GREAT SUSPENSE AT PRESCOTT. Prescott, Ariz,, February 24—This has been another day of suspense and anxiety, as the courier expected from the scene of the recent disaster with addi tional particulars has failed to arrive. Muddy and badly-washed mountain roads, intersected by swollen si teams, make travel from Prescott to the lower Walnut Grove dam, sixty miles distant, difficult and tedious even by daylight, while by nighi heavy clouds cause an inky darkness o»** j ur jders it entirely out of thA question. In many places the roads are completely washed away and new trails have to be made. General O'Neil and party were delayed several hours Saturday night by being com pelled to camp until daylight on account of washouts on the road. This is the only reaßon that can be assigned for the failure of a courier to arrive today. An other courier started out this morning who will return by tomorrow at the latest. Forelgu Flashes. Rome, February 24.—Two slight earth quakes have caused great alarm. Belfast, February 24.—The remains of Biggar were interred at Carnmoney today. Paris, February 24 —The Duke of Orleanß was today removed to the prison at Clairva. Sr. Petersijurg, February 24.—The son of Sir R. D. Morier, British ambas sador, was wounded yesterday by the accidental discharge of a pistol which he carried. Hamburg, February 24.—The iron cupola of the Flora OODcert hall fell to day, burying thirty-eight workmen. Five were taken out dead, eight severely injured, and five others are missing. Paris, February, 24.—Information has reached here that 500 of tbe King of Dahomey's troops attacked the French posts at Kotonon, Senegal. The French repulsed them and killed sixty. London, February 24. —The election to fill the vacancy in the Commons caused by the mysterious disappearance of Jasper Pyne (Home Ruler) resulted in the return of Alfred Webb (Home Ruler). London, February 24.—Chamberlain, in a letter to the Times, denounces the new compact of the Gladstonians for the purchase |of Parnellite votes by the abandonment of the principle of unde nominational education in favor of the Catholics. Berlin, February 24.—Completed elec tion returns show 240 members elected and 151 supplementary elections neces sary. Those elected are divided: Con servatives, 52; Imperialists, 10; Central ists, 90; German Liberals, 22; National Liberals, 10; Socialists, 21; Alsatians, 12; Poles, 14; Guelphs, 2, and one Dane. How no l tit j Uet the News? Washington, February 24 —In the executive session of the Senate this afternoon, proceedings in secret session were considered. The practice of dis cussing nominations behind closed doors was criticised by several Senators as un- American. It is understood, however, in accordance with Dolph'e resolution offered several days ago, it was decided to make inquiry into the method by which the newspapers secure their in formation concerning proceedings in executive session. Freedmeu's Aid Celebration. Chicago, February 24 —The twenty second anniversary of the Freedmen's Aid and Southern Education Society was celebrated here today in the First Metho dist Episcopal church. Several noted divines delivered addresses. A Negro Assassin. Forest, Miss., February 24.—Miss Loftin was assassinated in Bmith county by an unknown party. A negro named Wise, suspected of the crime,* has been arrested. He will be taken to the scene of the crime. Children Cremated. Augusta, Ga., February 24.—Yester day three children of Hunt Dead, aged 6, 4 and 2 years respectively, were play ing in their home; the house caught fire and the children were burned to death. Sealing Awarde Nat Yet made. Washington, February 24 —The Alaska seal fisheries awards were not made to day, and will probably not be made for aeveral dayi. Heavy Hnn iv Montana. Helena, Mont , February 24. — A heavy snowstorm, the worst thia winter, ia reported' all over Montana. Cattle men are untaey.