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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, September 03, 1893, Image 14

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14
EXPERIMENTS IN FIG CULTURE.
The Report of the State Board
of Horticulture.
A Study of the Manner of Picking:
and Curing- the Frnit.
General Raymond Gives the Result of
Hia JExperience-All the Details
or tha Picking; and Cur
ing Process.
The methods of drying and curing the
fig given in thia bulletin were published
in tbe report of the state board of hor
ticulture for 1889, and are now lepub
lißhed at the requeßt of many growers,
tbe report for that year having become
exhausted.
EXPERIMENTS IN FIO CURINO.
After several years of experimenting
in processing figs, for the purpoae of de
termining the beet and cheapest method
of the many used in this state and of
those from foreign countries, we were
able in 1889 to give to the public two
recipea which have been used by grow
ers with excellent results. George A.
Kaymond of Miramonte, Kern county,
who haa acquired a world-wide reputa
tion for tbe excellence of hia dried fig,
under date of November 9, 1892, writes :
My process for picking and curing is
that described by you on page 128 of
the annual report of the state board of
horticulture for 1889. I have learned
two things of great importance by ex
perience. The firat is, that tbe trees
must not be irrigated later than cix
Weeks before the fruit ripens. The Bec
ond is, that so soon as the nights grow
tool and there ia the least indication of
Jew, lat once atop curing. In either
case, if these rules are not carried out
the figs will ferment withir a very few
months after curing; these rule apply
here. I keep my trees aa clobi *o the
ground as possible, heading out at a
foot to 18 inches. My trees nave a very
denee foliage, to close tbat from the
outside you can rarely look well
into the tree. This I find
prevents a great deal of sunburn on the
fruit, to which the fig is quite liable.
My trees have no so-called firat crop.
The White Adriatic has only one crop.
A good thing;, as I am satisfied tbat crop
will not cure and keep well. The fruit
begins ripening about the middle of
August and is all picked in about cix
weeks or less. Tbia year (1892)1 began
picking August 12th and finished Sep
tember 19tb, jußt as the first cool nightß
came on, and at that time there wae not
an average of half a pound of fruit left
per tree —very convenient habit of the
trees.
THE PROCESS,
The process is as follows: The figs are
allowed to shrivel on the trees, then are
picked and placed on their sides on
traye. The traya used are made of elata
to allow ventilation from the bottom.
The trays are then placed in the sulphur
ing house, or box, which ehould not be
too large, and neither should the traya,
for it ia difficult to handle such heavy
fruit without bruising. The traya hav
ing been placed in tbe sulphuring house,
or box, the door is shut, and the sulphur,
which is placed on the ground in an iron
hett'e or pan at least two feet below the
lower tray, ia lighted and allowed to
burn, (jreat care muet be used in the
amount of eulphur that ia burned,
which ia acquired only by experience,
for if too much ia used the tigs will have
h ainoky taste, and again, if not enough,
the tlga will not become entirely
bleachf-d, and when dried will not pos
reaa that light color so much desired,
but will retain parti off the greenish
tint, especially the part'seating on the
tray.
TIME TO SULPHUR,
Fruit cannot' ba welt sulphured or
fumed in lose than 80 minutes from the
time tbe eulphur ia ignited, as at leaat
10 minutes ia required for the mass of
Bulphur to generate enough fumea or
amoke to entirely fill every apace of the
Eulphur house. However, after the
box, or houee, ia well filled with fumea,
10 minutes longer ia enough time for
tbe fumea to accompliah their effect. It
could do no further good if the fruit
should be allowed to remain a longer
time. The object, therefore, in leaving
the fruit in the eulphur bath a longer
time ia for the purpose of allowing the
fruit to undergo an artificial aweat, to
reduce the akin, which ia done by the
heat generated by the inclosed fumea.
Thia ie a great advantage, for when tbe
fruit ia bo treated and placed in the Bun
to dry, the skin ia reduceu to a mini
mum aud turns quite tranaparent.
CARE IN SULPHURING.
Snlphur muat not be burned too near
the traya, for the reason that the fumes
are heavy, and considerable pure sul
phur ia liberated and deposited on the
fruit. Thua coneiderable fruit becomes
damaged. The fruit on the lower traya,
inetead of bleaching out, will become a
pinkiah color and will not dry. Such
fruit, generally, when put in the aun
to dry remains puffed up. seemingly
full of air. Thia can be avoided by
placing an empty tray on the
bottom and allow the fumes to aacend
by the side. After the house or box ia
well filled with smoke, which can be
Been through a trap door, it ia about
time to withdraw the sulphur pan.
TIME OF PICKING.
I find it beat to pick the fruit in the
morning, or early in the afternoon, for
after it has been subjected to the sul
phur fumea and placed in the aun it
bleachea out beautifully, much better
than in the afternoon, as the hot raya of
the sun are an advantage. Fruit picked
and Bulphurod late in the afternoon will
not bleach out aa well, as the eun will be
almost too weak to accompliah the pur
pose. Fruit put out in the morning or
early in the afternoon, during the warm
est part of the day, become much better
fruit, pliable, soft, and the skin ia re
duced considerably.
TREATMENT WHILB IS THE SUN.
The fruit having been exposed to the
eun for an hour, ie turned over by hand.
This is done to allow the part resting
on the trays to also become bleached,
as that part will retain its original color
if not turned over. After being out one
or two days handling begins, that is the
figs are rolled between the fingers, popu
larly called "fig pulling," or "rolling."
This is done to prevent the figs from
getting hard in drying, and which opera
tion can be repeated every day if the
operator chooses, but it is not necessary
unless the figs have dried considerably.
After the figs have been out at least four
or six days, have dried away considera
bly, and have been turned over and
rolled between the fingers a few times,
they are removed from the sun and
placed in the shade, either of a shed or
packing house; thia prevents the frnit
from getting hard.
DIPPING TUB FRUIT.
All signs of moisture on the surface of
the fruit having disappeared, it is placed
in wire baskets and dipped into boiling
water, tbe hotter the better. This dip
ping closes up the pores, killa all germa,
and again reduces the akin somewhat
and gives the fruit a beautiful color. It
is only necessary to dip the frnit into
hot water two or three times, raising it
up immediately. If allowed to remain
too long in tbe hot water it ia liable to
get cooked, and ia alao liable to be ren
dered sour. After dipping, and the
water having drained off tbe figs, ther
are thrown in a pile, either on a clean
wooden floor or table, or bin, and
from time to time are shoveled back
ward and forward until they become
cold. When the moisture has entirely
evaporated, which will be in two or three
days, it is time to back the fruit.
GRADES Or FRUIT,
In processing figa there will always be
at least two grades of fruit, the first of a
light pinkish color, and the second much
darker. The reason for this variation in
color is the unevenness in the ripening
of the figa on the tree—and in picking it
is impossible to gather the fruit about
the same degree of ripeness. Fruit that
has shriveled considerably will dry dark
er. The fruit ia assorted and the grades
packed separately.
CULLS.
All discarded fruit ie assorted and tbe
best put into boxes in layers, simply
thrown in and evened with the hand,
and between the layers granulated su
gar ie dusted, and then the boxes put
iinder heavy pressure; the sugar serves
to cover up many defects in the fruit.
Such fruit becomes a good marketable
article for cooking, Culls are alao used
for making vinegar, to which purpose
they are well suited.
DARK FIUS.
Figs prepared without bleaching are
picked from the tree when shriveled
considerably, and placed on trays on
their aides, and then put in the aun to
dry. The traye are made of elate and
placed on staging, which should be suf
ficiently high from the ground to allow
a free circulation of air beneath the
trays. It is best to place the bloom end
of the fruit toward the rising Bun, aa
that part requirea more heat to dry than
the stem end, and in tbe afternoon as
the aun changes to the weat tbe tray ie
simply turned around. The figa being
all one way, brings tbe bloom
end in direct contact with the
sun during the houra of drying. After
the fruit haa been cut for two days, "fin
ger pulling" or 'rolling' begins. The figa
are rolled between the fingers and
turned over on the traye at least twice
while drying, although thia can be per
formed oftener without injury to the
fruit. The fruit having dried ia placed
in boxes—half full—in the storehouse
and piled one on another. The
fruit is kept in the boxes for
at leaat eight or nine daya to
allow it to undergo a sort of natural
aweat. Everyday the boxes are emptied
from one into another to allow the fruit
resting on the bottom to become on the
surface and to prevent it from getting
moldy. After the moisture among the
fige haa dieappeared, they are assorted
and packed.
SULPHUR.
The only chemical action of the sul
phur fumea on fruit ie to bleach it on
the very exterior surface. The sulphur
fumea only determine the color of the
dried article, and it ia simply uaed to
atop discoloration and brighten the fruit.
The fumea deoxidize any germs that are
attached to the fruit or produced rigbt
on it. The subjecting of fruit to eul
phur fumea for a considerable length of
time to render it transparent and
of it light color, rather tends
to detract from its true flavor than to
add to its improvement. Fruit ohonld
only be confined in sulphur fumea with
the objects herein stated. Figß, esped?
ally, are not cooked for eating, and differ
in this respect from other fruits, there
fore the process should.be one fo retain
that flavor so essential in a marketable
article for consumption in a raw state.
World's Fair Columbian Kdlelon Illus
trated Herald.
Thia beautiful publication, printed on
the finest book paper, ia now on sale by
all the news dealera and at the Herald
buaineee office. It contains 48 pases of
information about Southern California
and over 50 illustrations. Aa a publica
tion to eend to eastern frienda it baa
never been equaled. Price, 15 cente in
wrappere.
Hoi For Mount Whitney I
[The following is the true story of that expedi
tion.]
They recked not of graves where the tempeßt
raves,
As they pined for the mountain air,
Where tbe lion and bear hath found them a lair
'Neath the crag in the mountain caves.
They had been to sea, slain the sflngaree
And the monsters mat there abound:
Saw the nereids bright through the breakers
white
On the rocks, with lair sea-mois crowned.
And they longed to sleep where those sea maids
keep
Their homes in tha coral cavea,
As they bade adieu to the ocean view
And the sport of the laughin? waves.
And the mountain grim raised its rugged rim
To the Bweep of the airy dome
As they gazed afar, where the forests are,
And the slopes where the grizzlies roam.
And this was their plan: With a caravan,
And some extras packed iv for luck,
They would seek the lair of the cruel bear
Aud the haunts of the autler'd buck.
And tbey found the streams where the troutlet
gleams
Liku a ray in the crystsl flood,
And they found the mead where the wild things
feed,
And tue home of the panther brood.
And they hunted at dawn for the Bpotted fawn
At eve for the speckled trout, •
But they didn't care for the grizzly bear.
Nor lost any, thereabout.
Nor lost they at all, either great or amall,
Any lions, or panthers, or such.
Nor now does the pain of carntvora slain
Disturb their soft slumber much.
But they slept where the light of the stars at
night
Falls bright through the crystal air;
Where Disna's slain and tbe Pleiad tratt
Keep watch with the circling Bear.
And the Oread'B kisß brought them dreams of
bliss
When slumber at laßt o'ercame,
And the Dryad's sang and the forest rang
Till hushed by Aurora's flame.
Bnt their csmp was wrecked, and some sußpect
'Twas the deed of tho forest baud,
For they found next day where tho panther lay
And the grizzly trod in the sand-
Where the wild wood rat, and the fair polecat
Ate their storea 'mong the fallen treos, '
And they found where the fox climbed among
the rocks
With the last of their golden cheese—
Saw the mountain cat over-gorgod with fat—
The fruit of that mighty raid:
Saw the antlered stag on an awful "jag"
Kaising h ■ in the cypreaa glade.
So there'a scarce a doubt, as we gaze about
At the facts that are thus revealed,
That ihe oarap was sacked, and the viands un
packed
And devoured, or all concealed.
DuHNOJur.
LOS ANGELES HERALD SUNDAY MORNTNO, SEPTEMBER 3, 1893.
SPANISH SPEECH AND NAMES.
I Features of Their Use in South
ern California.
Saints' Days and Their Effect on Local
Terms.
jug Cabrlllo Baptized Molt or the
Places — Mixture of Dialects.
Meaning or Soma of
tbe Terms.
"Mont," in the current number of the
Ojsi, contributes the following valuable
article:
It moat strike even the careless ob
server that in the naming of places the
Spanish pioneers in America were in
tensely religious, as their courße from
Brazil to Alaska can be traced by the
eaintly names they bestowed on their
diacoveriea. This habit was very natural
to misasionariea, bat it seems singular
in rongh mariners and wild adventurers.
A reference, hovever, to a certain cus
tom among Spanish families will give
the key to thla Spanish religious feivor,
and dispel much of one's admiration lor
the piety of the Spanish explorers.
Among Spaniards. French and Ital
ians, every day in the year haa ita par
ticular aaint, and when a child is born
to a Mexican or Spanish family the
almanac ia consulted and the infant
takes the Dame of the aaiat of its
birthday, and thia aaint ia to be the
child's patron and guardian through
life. The name may be the longeat
and ugliest in the calendar, but there
ia no help for it, and the child must
ahoulder and lug it from the cradle
to the grave. Now thia family custom
of consulting the saintly calendar ex
tends to the naming of places. On
the day when Juan Cabrillo sighted
Lower California he ran his linger
down the almanao and found Saint
Lucas opposite the date, and he
named the oape accordingly. Farther
north another cape waa seen on tbe
feast day of the Virgin, and Cape Con
oepcion waa named. San Sacramento
was reached or aettled on the feast of
the Holy Sacrament, or Corpus Christi,
and waa ao called. It would appear that
in those days an almanac was as essen
tial aa a mariner'a compass. San Diego,
San Buenaventura and Santa Barbara,
names bestowed by missionaries, came
also from the almanac on the day of
their settlement; and here it will be
seen that no preference of nationality
influenced the choice, for San Buena
ventura was a French cardinal (Saint
Bonneventure) and down the coaat San
Luia Rey waa King Luis the Ninth of
France, both excellent men and well
worthy of their eaintly title.
Santa Barbara wbb an Italian saint in
the early days of the church, who pre
ferred martyrdom to loea of honor and
faith. She ia the patroness of the
French artillery, and on her feast days
thoee regimente in France adorn their
barracks with evergreena and flowers.
Why she should be the warriors' patron
ess the writer could never diecover.
The custom of naming a child after
the saint of its birthday baa its draw
backs. Aa in Ireland, where
"Confession and strife came, and aome people
say.
When Saint Patrick at midnight he first asw
theday."
and they conld not agree on the date to
feast him. Bo in a Spaniah family the
child may be too*faat or the clock too
slow, and donbt will arise aa to which
saint it belongs. In each a cage of mid
night perplexity the child gets two
nameß, as Jnan »q;epunoeeno, Job 6 An
tonio, Maria Refugio, and the like, this
impartiality appeasing the rival saints
and securing a double guardian for the
youngster. It must be owned tbat since
tbe downfall of the church in 1858 in
Mexico, tbe rule cf naming children
after saints is not so strictly followed as
it used to be in that country. Tbe lib
eral party who govern tbere have even
carried reform so far as to change the
saintly names of towns and streets, sub
stituting therefore the names of patriot
heroes, Mexicans and Aztecs.
Referring to California names, few
know the full original name of Lob An
gelea. Time waa not money when the
city ol the angels waa called "El Pueblo
de la Sofiora Reina de los Angeles."
which means "the town of the Lady
Queen of the Angela." The man who
invented and first wrote out this title
must have had a long vacation to re
cuperate.
Will there ever be a dialect, a mix
ture of English and Spanish, along the
Mexican frontier? In Western Texas a
number o* Spanish wordß are used cur
rently by Americans, but geneially mis
pronounced. The Spanish word cuarta,
a email riding whip a quarter of a vara
long, is called a quirt; reata ia pro
nounced lariette, confounding thearticle
with the noun; caballada, a band of
horses, is called cavayard; and vaquero,
a herder, is turned into buckayro; and
all these words and many more are sup
posed to be pure Englieh by the learned
cowboy. Frontier Mexicans seldem en
graft an Englieh word in their Spanish.
There is a tendency now all over Cali
fornia, but more particularly in tbe
south, to beetow Spanish names on
homes and localities, and some ludicrous
mistakes are made, and Ojai valley
is not exempt from errors in thia re-
Bpect. Who discovered that the word
"Ojai" means a neat? The word ie In
dian, signification unknown. Tops
Topa, Matilija, Saticoy, Piru, and likely
Camuloa, are all Indian, Cesped and
not Cespe is Spanish for sod or turf.
Los Poeae should be Los Posos, mascu
line, meaning water holes. The word
"Ojai" should be pronounced Ohah'ee,
with the accent strong on "hah,,' glid
ing softly over the double "c,"and Hue
neme has tbe pronunciation of Waynay
'may with the aeeent on the "nay."
Many are under the impression that
the Spanish epoken in California is a
kind of broken dialect. Thia ia an error.
In the first place tbe Spanish of this
continent is uniform from California to
Brazil, the difference ia accent being no
greater than the drawl of Georgia is to
the Yankee twang of Maine. This uni
formity ie not found in Spain, where
the Biecayan can scarcely understand
tbe Andaluaian, and still lees the Cata
lan. The Caatilian speech of Central
Spain ia the standard, and the Spanieh
of this continent differs principally in
giving the same pronunciation to "z"
and "b."
Time, when a Castilian Bays, voy a la
caxa, he means he is going to hnnt; and
when he says voy a la caßa, we under
stand he is going home; butaCalifomian
or Mexican, pronouncing caza and casa
alike, it is impossiple to know when he
means hunt or house in the above sen
tences. He ia also a little off in pro
nouncing "c" before "i" and "c," and
in the absence of the Castilian lisp.
These are tho main points of differ
pnoa the standard language
of Spain and the Spanish spoken in
America, and they are alight compared
with tbe barbarona jargon of Bret
Harte'a heroes and Dickens's cockneys.
It eeems wonderful indeed that an illit
erate Californian or Mexican ahould
apeak the language of Cervantea bo well,
and two reaaons may be given why be
doet: Firat, the Spaniab language ia a
recent introduction on thia continent,
and it haa not had time to break up
into dialeta; and second, it waa intro
duced and taught hy educated mis
aionaries and others who spoke it in its
purity.
Founding a Western Magazine.
We know some very ambitious and
very worthy gentlomen who wonld like
to be put into communication with those
capitalists who have the monoy for a
magazine enterprise. These gentlemen
possess everything necessary to anccess
except that essential vulgarly called "the
stuff:" And it is "the stuff" that is
mighty hard to be got at just now.
Our opinion is that the way to the
founding of a great magazine in the west
must be made clear by aud with a week
ly publication that shall faithfully rep
resent the west and honestly reflect west
ern sentiment; that shatl wage a merci
less war upon the intellectual hermaph
rodites and dawdling perverts and petti
coated clay eaters who. on little tinsel
thrones along the eastern coast, presume
to set themselves up as dictators in tbe
great realm of American literature.
We are not for any skirmish with those
humbugs. We are for a war of exter
mination. That war is bound to come
sooner or later. It must not be begun,
however, on the part of the west until
the west is fully prepared to sail into and
disembowel every last mother's son of
those twiddling twaddling squirts and
their qaeer little parasites. — Eugene
Field in Chicago Nows-Record.
Curious Newspaper Beats.
One of tho biggest newspaper "beats"
in 20 years waa achieved by La
Nacion, a little newspaper published in
the Argentine Republic. This news
paper published the news of the accident
to the Victoria a day ahead of every
other paper in the world, and the news
of the disaster was known in Buenos
Ayreß before it was in London. The
dispatch to the British government an
nouncing the disaster lay 12 hours
unopened in the admiralty office. Mean
while the news had been stolen off the
wires and sent by a friend of the Argen
tine panpr to La Nacion. which was
able to publish it in advance of all its
contemporaries. Such at any rate is
the story of the "beat" as it is related
here in newspaper row. It is safe to
say that any of the leading American
newspapers would have given thousands
of dollars to have obtained exclusive
intelligence of the Victoria disaster, en
abling it to beat the world with the
news. La Nacion's "beat" seems to
have been a caso not of enterprise, but
of good luck.—New York Letter.
Chinese Pirates Successful.
The Shanghai papers contain a report
obtained from native advices from Can
ton of a serious conflict between some
piratical craft and gunboats at a place
midway between Shaochow and Canton
It appears that while three gunboatß be
longing to the customs were escorting
two boats laden with sycee valued at
40,000 teals, belonging to tho Hoihow
Likin customs, on their way to Canton
they were attacked by a numerous fleet
of pirates numbering, it is reported, over
600 men, and after a desperate fight, dur
ing which the government men lost near
ly 60 in killed and wounded, the pirates
made away wi th their booty. The reason
given for the i of the gunboats
to protect th i- convoy was that they
were all aground at the point where they
had anchored for the night, and the
pirates, being in shallow bottomed boats,
maneuvered effectually around the gun
boats, which, being completely rakod
fore and aft, were compelled at last to
strike their colors, and there was a gen
eral cry of sauve gui pent, leaving the
pirates on the field.
Curious Contrasts.
The ill temper, the lack of self re
straint, the utter unreasonableness which
at the present time in various parts of
the world characterize the relations of
men with their fellows are psychical
phenomena eminently deserving the at
tention of the philosopher. In Central
America, in Colorado, in the Fifth Ave
nue hotel, in Paris, in remote Siam, even
within the staid and sacred precincts of
the British house of commons, lunacy
and individual irresponsibility seem tem
porarily to prevail.
Professional pugilism alone preserves
prudent passivity. While Mitchell, Cor
hett, John L. and their brothers of the
ring keep their heads cool and judicious
ly refrain from fight, statesmen, legisla
tors, politicians and other representa
tives of the so called higher civilization
are flying at one another's throats and
making day and night hideous with their
howlings. Why is this thus?— William
B. Clark in New York Sun.
Cost of tho Borden Case.
The cost to the county of the trial of
Lizzie Borden in Fall River, Mass., is
now estimated at $14,000. What Mi3B
Borden's counsel's fees were may only
bo inferred, but the pecuniary rewards
of successful practitioners in New Eng
land are as a rulo—outside of Boston at
least—not more than one-third of what
they are in the big cities. For defending
Lizzio Borden in a New York court and
securing her acquittal her leading coun
sel would not have asked less than $25,
--000. The items of the bill of costs to the
comity include $500 to Assistant Dis
trict Attorney William H. Moody, $1,400
to Professor Wood of Harvard, $2,574 to
other medical experts, $1,587 to stenog
raphers, $1,875 to jury fees and $1,760 to
tleputy sheriffs.
Seeing tho Fair In One Day.
Four young women from Sangamon
county made their first visit to Jackson
park last Wednesday. They walked
through the Fisheries, Government,
Manufactures, Electricity, Mining, Ag
ricultural and Transportation buildings,
and the Illinois, California and Wash
ington state buildings, and left for home
tho same night. They said they didn't
think it was much of a show.—Chicago
Tribune.
French archasologists are going to
England to study ber antiquities. The
memliers of the French Archaeological
society intend to visit Dover, Battle Ab
bey and Hastings in order to discuss the
Norman conquest of England.
A QUATERNION.
Let there be Light within thy soul
O'er the fair world of things to wander.
And each fine link that binds the whole
Nicely to note and well to ponder.
Let there be Liberty with broad wing.
At plastic Nature's high dictation.
From crude, ohaotto stuff to bring
The magic of a new creation.
Let there be Love, that each free fore*
May seek and aptly find another.
To move in sweet, harmonious courts.
And work aa brother works with brother.
Let there be Law to ait supreme
On steadfast throns of sanctioned order.
That each new hatched, tinte. rape red sohemi
May fear to cross tha sacred border.
Hold by theae four, by right divine
That wisely guide and sweetly sway us.
Else toeaed about in aimless'rout
And drifting blindly into chaos.
—CaaaelTa Family Magazine.
THE COURIER.
"I intrust you with a sacred duty,"
said the general as he handed his courier
a letter. "Remember, you are to stop
for nothing. If you fail, you will be
shot, but if you succeed the Order of St.
George will adorn your breast. Now go,
and God be with you in all your perils."
The young courier knelt and swore to
protect tho life of the czar with his own,
and then he pushed the curtain aside,
leaving the general alone.
The evening was fair, cold and beau
tiful. As the general leaned from the
balcony of the palace he thought what a
farce this ball was when his heart was
full of terror for tho czar and all Russia.
In the adjoining room, near a marble
pillar, stood a young girl covered with
magnificent satin and jewels. Looking
at her with flashing eyes was a man of
about 40, with coal black hair and cruel
expression.
"Nodine, this must be your work."
She shivered as he spoke, but Otaroff,
the traitor, had no mercy.
"And to it at once!" he said.
"What is my task?' she asked him, and
again she shivered.
"An easy one, my beautiful queen.
Merely to throw yourself in his way, and
this courier will forget the czar and all
Russia."
"I doubt it," she answered.
"You must not doubt it," he cried
fiercely and held her wrist so tightly that
tho pain made her face white to the very
lips.
"Our scheme must go through this
time, and the courier will arrive too late.
You hear, my beautiful oaughter?"
"I hear you," Bhe answered and
wrenched her wrist from his grasp.
"But, father," she said pleadingly,
"you have never used me as a decoy be
fore. Oh, I beg of you not to do it now!
I cannot do it. I cannot."
"Fool!" he hissed at her. "You little
know your power. With your beauty
you can do anything."
"And would you sell it?" she asked.
He hesitated, then said:
"Yes, for the cause."
"You are a strange father," she said
slowly, looking at him with no spark of
love in her eyes, "but I may prove traitor
too. What, then, father?"
He bent his head and whispered in her
ear. "I will shoot yon, my beautiful
queen; so take care. For the first time
tonight I doubt you, but 'tis an insano
idea. Go into the ballroom and dance
an hour, then return to your house and
prepare for your journey."
She went from him down the marble
steps into tho room beyond and never
once looked back. Her heart was sad
and heavy. Many noticed the beautiful
woman, but wondered why her face was
so tragic.
It was about 8 tho next night after the
ball when the courier of the czar arrived
at tho first posthouse and asked for a
change of horses.
"Stop a little?" asked the worthy post
master. •
"No," answered the courier in a tone
which silenced all other questions.
"I want horses and nothing else."
The Russian looked with much admi
ration on this taM courier and speedily
went for them. With a clap of the whip
the tarantass was off, and the little Rus
sian was alone, but not for long. Down
tho road he saw another tarantass com
ing at breakneck speed. "Ah, perhaps
they will stop," he said to himself. The
little man had to flee for his life, for the
horses dashed on, and he only caught
sight of a very beautiful face in a red
hood.
A dreadful storm broke upon the night,
and in the darkness a flying tarantass
dashed by—the one occupied by the cou
rier. "Some one else in this dreadful
storm," thought he. "God, help them."
When the first dawn of day camo, the
rain had ceased, and they were almost
past the dangers. In the middle of the
road lay the figure of a woman, and
the horses almost ran over her.
"She is dead!" cried the courier as lie
laid his hand upon her heart. "No; she
lives. I cannot see a mortal die liko
this." So, with tho help of the driver,
he carried her to the tarantass and laid
her gently down. There he sat, looking
at tho girl'B pale face and wondering
what he should do with her.
Suddenly she opened her large, dark
eyes and gazed into his face. Her won
drous beauty captivated him, and he
forgot to ask her if she was hurt. Ho
only gazed and Baid nothing.
"You are a courier?" she asked at
length.
"No; I am captain of the Fourteenth
guards. And you?"
"I am going to meet my father at
Isham," she answered. Her voice was
wonderfully low and sweet, and he be
lieved all she told him.
They journeyed on together, and the
time sped rapidly away.
At last they reached Isham, and the
girl looked for her father, but of course
he was not there. She hurst into tears
and would not be consoled. An officer
had taken the last horses an hour before,
and our hero had so wait for his own to
rest.
In the meantime Nodine, for it was
sho, wove a subtle charm around the
courier. He was not proof against the
glances from her splendid, half veiled
eyes. Her red lips seemed to say, "Come
and kiss mo." Her voico, her smile
seemod to make the air he breathed de
lightful, and his nerves thrilled with
joy. How could he help loving her?
Boeing her in all the glory of her youth
and beauty, he forgot tho czar and all
Russia.
They were standing beside a high rock,
and with an impulse prompted by his
■rxealpassion he knelt at her feet, kissing
bar hands madly und begging her to tell
him her name.
Her poor heart boat wildly. For the
Drat time she loved, and at the coat of
her life she resolved to bo true not to hor
oath, bnt to the man who knelt before
her.
"Go! Flee for your life!" she cried.
"My name is—nihilist!"
He started to his feet and turned to
leavo her in a dazed manner. A sharp
report of a pistol sounded in the air, and
the courier of tho czar fell wounded.
With lightning quickness Nodine knelt
beside her lover, and while smoothing
back his hair with one hand, with the
other she stole tho imperial letter and
slipped it into her breast. „ Then she left
him, for she had made up her mind that
she would carry the important message
to tho czar Jjsrsclf.
After traveling day and night without
food or sleep she reached the palace and
delivered the letter to the czar.
**What can I do for you?" asked tho
czar of nil Russia.
"What do you do for nihilists?" sho
asked him.
"Wo shoot them," ho answered angrily.
"Thon I shall bo shot." Sho said it so
calmly and deliborately that tho czar
looked at her in surprise.
"Nihilist or no nihilist, my child, you
have saved my life, and therefore I spare
yours. You may return to your home in
safety."
With a cry like a hunted animal sho
fell at his feet.
"Don't send me baok. The bullet that
struck tho courier was meant for me. I
heard the word 'Traitress!' hissed by my
own father, and if I go back he will not
miss his aim again. He has sworn to
kill mo if I prove falso to tho cause, and
he will keep his oath. I pray you, don't
send mo back."
He saw her agony was genuine, and
placing his hand on her head said: "Rise,
child. You stay here." At that moment
Ivan Liveresky, the courier of the czar,
dashed into tho room. His olothes were
covered with mud and his body weak
from loss of blood.
"Thank God!" he cried when he saw
the czar. "Otaroff, the traitor, is cap
tured, has confessed all, and you are
safe."
"He was my father," said Nodine
softly.
The conrier caught the back of a chair
for support, and tho caar turned to her
in anger.
"Yes, do with mo what you will. I
am Nodino Otaroff, who despises her
namo, her father and most of all her
self."
"Wait a moment," said tho courior to
the czav; "there is somo mistake. Otaroff
gavo me somo papers and confessed hav
ing stolen a child out of revengo from
tho rich Cordisky. He name was No
dine." And Liveresky handed the docu
ments to tho czar, who in turn, after
glancing over them, gave them to the
young girl,
"I will send a messenger to Moscow,
aud one who would travel night and
day, without sleep or food, to deliver this
letter i < the noblest of Russians." So
said the czar und left tho room.
"You havo saved my life!" the courier
cried.
"A : l you mine," answered Nodine.
"Yet, my loved one, it is worthless
without yours."
"Then," she said, with glad tears in
her eyes, "I give mine for thine. I love
theo, IvanJLiiveresky."
Ho took her in his arms and kissed her
many times. When Cordisky arrived he
found he had gained a child only to loso
her again, for Nodine gave her heart and
hand to a with
tho Order OJ St.iQetijgt, fciien tolhini by
tho czar of all Russia. —Exchange.
Dr. Jtkry Did Nat Whistle.
When Dr. Mary Walker was in Phil
adelphia not Jong ago, she wanted to ride
in a Market street cable car. Sho sig
naled tho gripman, who appears to have
taken no notice, and the doctor put after
the conveyance in indignant haste.
"Why didn't you stop?" she said stern
ly to the conductor.
"Beg pardon, sir," replied the latter.
"I didn't hear you whistle."
"Oh, you horrid brute!" exclaimed the
doctor, "what do you mean?"
The conductor began to realize the sit
uation and stammered an apology.
"You should never judge a man by his
clothes," eaid Dr. Walker, with the
charming smile sho can wear, "and the
same rulo applies to women."
Sho did not seem to mind the curious
gaze of the other passengers, and upon
1 her Bignal the car stopped instantly. As
she got off the conductor tipped his hat,
and she raised her high silk hat in dig
nified acknowledgment. — Philadelphia
Press.
Professor Frotliingham's Discovery.
Professor Frothinglnim of Princeton
college returned not long since from an
extended archaeological tour through
central Italy, and one of the most in
teresting results of it is the proof he has
adduced to the effect that many of the
Christian churches which'have been sup
posed to date from tho early centuries of
our era really belong much later—in fact,
well into the middle ages.—Collego Bul
letin.
Feeding; Horses In Norway.
In Norway horses always have a buck
et of water placed beside each animal's
allowance of hay. After each mouthful
of hay they take a sip of water. It is
said that this mode of feeding is benefi
cial, and to it the fact is attributed that
a broken winded horse is rarely seen in
Norway.
Poor Animals!
"You sco, Miss Fanny, even the birds
8(«m happier running in couples."
"Yes, but they are geese and don't
know better."—Wonder.
A Wonderful Kiigine.
CANnOT Bb Suhpassbd.—An engine exerting
surpassing power Is always a source of wonder,
and yet now many are entirely forgetful of toe
existence within themselves of an engine more
powerful and enduring than any ever invented.
Not Derhap* until they experience i'rognlar
puis .•, heart fluttering, tenderness in shoulder
aud arm, swollen ankles asthmatic breathing,
weak aud hungry spells, smothering, short
breath, or pain in Bide, when its existence Is
ne longer to be deuled, as the possessor must
know he has heart disease. Mrs. De Bar, Fltch
burg, Mich., had heart disease 15 years; bad to
hire house help; lived on liquid food, used Dr,
Miles' Heart Cure, snd all symptoms left her'
Continued use cured her. Bold by C. H Hauce.
177 N, Spring, on a guarantee, who will give
you the doctor's book free.
Farmers and Horsemen — Halt's Cream
Salve for horses will keep the flies off a sore,
hea'.B barbed wire cuts, cures old sores. Some-
Hi use new, something good. fpl. Off ,k
Vaughn's drug store, Fourtu aud spring sts.
250 envelopes. 50o; % rm writing paper, "25c.
Langstadter, Ul4 W. keoond, Holleubeok hotel.
Cures Consumption, Coughs, Group, Sore
Throat. Bold by all Druggists en a Guarantee.
For a Lame Side, Back or Chest Shiioh's Parous
Plaster will give great interaction.— a.5 cents.
SHILOH'S VITALIZE!*.
il T?i.?; s ; , H ? w ,"! ns » Chattanooga, Tonn.. saw t
"fflJUoh's VttoHser'UXKßD MY LIFE} I
consider tt the Irat rtmalyfor aCUMttated nmtem
I everutfO." for liyapepala. Liver or itiducy
trouble it excels. Price 73 ota. ( ,
R E M E DV.
Havn you Catarrh? Try this Remedy, it will
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This Injector lor Its successful treatment-, ia
furnished free, Hemeinbcr, Hhiloli's Remedies
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I wßolesalo by HAAS, BARUCH A 00
aad retail by druggists. 12-14, lyr''
k If DEPARTURE
KOT A DOLLAR NEED BE PAID US
UNTIL DUKE 18 EFFECTED.
BR. C. EDGIIR SMITH I CO.
SPECIALISTS
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65ti S. MAIN ST., COX. S3VBNTH,
3-7 ltlm Lns ANOEI.KS, cAlsa.
'
DR. WONG him, who has practiced me"lt
clne In Los Angeles lor IS years, and
wnose office is at 03!) Upper Main atre-t, villi
treat by medicines all dUoasea of women, men
aud children. Thedoetor claims that hebai
remedies which are superior to all others as a
specific for troubles of women and men. A
trial alone will convince the sick that Dr.
Wong Hlm's remedies are more efficacious than
can be prescribed. Dr. Wong Him Isa Chinese
pnyalcfan of prominence and agemleman of.**.*
sponslblllty. HU rsputatiou is more than well
established, and ah persons needing his serv
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Is guaranteed in every case In which a rauov
c»v if/pf IsTblS. fHorb medicines lor salo.
HIM
T HERB DOCTOR
039 Upper Mala St., Lob Angeles, Gal.
Los A nobles, Cal., June 17, 1893.
To ma Public: I have been suffering wltk
piles snd kidue* trouble for over Aye years,
and have tried several remedies, but all (aiisfl
to relieve me. A abort time since I tried Dr.
Wong Him, t>39 Upper Main street, and I salt
now well and strong, and consider nlm a first
class doctor. Yoars truly,
W. H. HILLYIR,
235 B. Bill at., Los Angeles, Cal.
Los anosles, June 9 1893.,
To the Public: For over five years I bafe
beeu troubled with nervous s.ck-headacho and
live complaint. I didn't seem to find any help
from the many doctors and medicines thaa .i
tried until I tried Dr. Wong Him, 039 Upper
Main street, lam now well. Yours truly,
MI •« M. G. BROCK,
43 Hluton aye., Los Angel.a. Uosxai
TO~THE UNFORTUNATE
DR- GIBBON'S
AY Ham
BkLV Ooner of CommerolaL.
l^h*d°l* C °lsM ?*"
treatment of Sexual aVtC
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''''7HHb''l Gleet,
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Weakness, Impotenoy and Lost Manhood par
mnnently cured. The sick wid afflicted shoulal
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elid extensively in Europe and Inspected thor
oughly the various hospitals there, obtaining
agreatdealof valuable Information, which hsS
competent to Impart to these in need of hlsss*>
vices. The Doctor oures where othera falL
Try bim. Pit. GIBBON will make no obarga
unless he erTocts a care. Penons at a dlatauo*
'CURED AT HOME. All communications
strictly confidential. All letters answered La
slain envelopes, Call or write. Address
r DR. J. F. GIBBON,
Boa 1557, Pan Francisco, CaL .
s£. atiob Los Aacsles Hbbsld 12-17 ly
D. G. PECK CO.,
UNDERTAKERS
140 N. MAIN ST., LOS ANGELES.
a Specialty)*—
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Always Open. Telephone 81.
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112 pc Semi-Porcelain
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ALL GOODS EQUALLY LOW.
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Prescriptions carefully compounded a *v at
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7-28 SIXTH ANIJ BROAD WAY. *

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