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TWO RAILROADS A NECESSITY.
An Interesting Description of a Magnificent Country. Vast in Extent ami Varied in Its Re sources. llm Shorten and Moat Direct Line Be tween L.ne Ang-eloe and Salt Lake Ulty aa Been by an Kye Witneaa. With a brief view of the map of thi vast territory lying north of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad and that which oc cupies the expanse of country, between the Southern Pacific, Los Angeles and San Francisco division, the Colorado, Carson, and tho Colorado ilver, and having acquired an unqneationable knowled ol the prodigious wealth of this region, no person with expanse of thought or comprehensive brain will for a moment believe it possible for one railroad to accommodate tbe lmmeceo future business of the country alluded to except by numerous branch roads, requiring years of toil and the expendi ture of large euma of money to con struct them. » It iB not with a lack of appreciation of tho stupomliona efforts and progress made in constructing the Nevada Southern that we advooate the build ing ol another road more direct to Los Angelas. Nay, we hail with a spirit of devotion their names, and may all praißO ever be to President Isaac K. Blake and his co-operators for their UO* swerving energy, and would say God speed to the building and completion of the Nevada Southern railroad. It is a noble, great and grand enter prise, directed to the ventilating and opening up of hundreds of industrial enterprises, the enrichment of the com pany aud hundreds of Utah, Nevada and Southern Calilornia people. But the problem is, can the Nevada Southern meet the great future demands of transportation to and from all parts of the country in question? No, no, is the echoed tucponsc, coming from many fertile valleys and a thousand mineral hills and mountains along the railroad route from Los Angeles to halt Lake City. I would invitetho nttonttonof railroad corporations, ctpitalistl aud the inter ested public to scan tho proposed line of the Nevada Southern railway, and hav ing the route lixed iv memory, I v.culd uelc that a careiul investigation be made ol THE WESTERLY SURVEY cf the Union Pacific Railroad company, made in 1888, and observe tbe expanse cf country and the intermediate distance of 80 to 200 miles lying between the two totttes. and when the numerous resources accessible to tlie line of- this westerly survey have been examined, comment ing at Barstow or llaggett on the Atlan. tic aud Pacific railroad, traveling north erly lo Piocho, New, thence to Salt Lake City, it will be admitted by all compe tent judges ibat it passes through n country of greater possibilities and more reliable promise of profit to a railroad company and service to a large popula tion, when built, than any country in the llnited States not supplied with a railroad. A few of the important in ducements of the country are herewith presented. THE CALICO MINES, to the north of Dagget ure well known and possibly the great gypsum deposit and borate of lime. Tbe uorjjs. mines, also, situated farther to ,the northeast, from which thousands of carloads of crude borax has been drawn to the rail road on great wagons, 7-iotit diameter wheels, 8 inch tires, weighing 17,000 pounds, including front and back-action. When loaded, 57,000 to 60,000 pounds •re drawn by 10 to 24 mules, and by this BBode of freighting a profit might be realized from the working of the mine. The next large mineral belt on the line is the Iva-Wat mining district, situ ated 40 to 50 miles from Calico, in an easterly and westerly range of moun tains. " It contains wet ores, having values from $20 to |35 per ton, and must be shipped by rail to pay. Upon the northern slope ol the Iva- Wat mountains, approaching Death val ley, and directly on the line of the rail road Burvey, there are many deposits of luiuerals which have a fair commercial value if favored with cheap transporta tion. The salt beds are of incalculable ex tent. Kaolin, snow-white and of su perior quality; marble, very white and in quality closely approaches the Italian marble. IBE-X MINING DISTRICT. Grossing tbe lower valley of the Amar gosa and Saratoga springs aud the Ibex mining district, situated in the southern end of Funeral mountain range, Mr. Thomas Twaddle, a worthy and confident pioneer mining man of the district,erect ed a live-stamp mill many years since, and the miners prospected the district and found rich ore, but owing to the great expense of operating, the scarcity of water and fuel for machine purposes, the camp is, if not sleeping, not produc ing. Following the Amargosa valley along the survey a distance of 20 miles and an immense body of hematite iron is crossed, and 10 miles further and tbe nitre bed, the junction of Clarke's fork •nd Amargosa, and Willow ranch is reached. Hence nine miles and we ar rive at the noted borax fields and old refining works, formerly owned by W. T. Coleman & Co., from which, during the many years it wae operated, were shipped many thousand tons of crystal lized borax, producing 1200 tons annual ly, and exclusive of the Furnace creek, Death valley works, from which • larger amount was shipped. This large pro duct was freighted many miles to the railroad, by means of large wagons, suoh as were described in the transporting of the borate of lime and crude borax near er Daggett. At a distance of eight miles east and upon tbe opposite side of the valley, is situated Resting spring and the mining district of tbe same name. It is an old camp, vivid in the memories of so many persons, whose experiences at this place were entangled with • severe bit er, mingled with a little sweet, in the early days. • Quite a number of the mines of the distract are extensively developed and expose unquestionable quantity and value Of ore. The principal mines are owned by Messrs. J. B. Oaburn, H. White of Manse, John Blaok and C. M. Nf ymar. | Since the failure of the steam wagon ■'.do tbe freighting of the ores to tbe gju.7u.id, a was experimented with by B. Osburn many years since, these parties have performed the annual re quirement of labor nn the mines and have kept a continuous watch over tbe property. Does the reader know why, with rich mines, they await the future to work them? Allow the wyter to answer the qnestion for them. It is the undisputa ble necessity of railroad transportation to the realization of a profit from the working of the mines, ltia stated upon reliable authority that.au output of 300 tons per day can be easily accom plished. In this vicinity there is within a tri angular area of nine miles from point to point A LITTLE KINO DOM of varied wealth, comprising gold, sil ver, copper, lead, iron, ejitro, boras, salt, gypsum, fire-clay, etc. Mr. 8. P. Lee's ranch of this district Is well worthy of mention. At the foot of a projected point of the mountainr, to the rear of the ranch, appear* a iarue artesian spring, from which the farm, garden, etc., are irrigated. The eleva tion at the fountain head or source is such as to admit of it being conveyed to almost any desired point und ÜBed as a motor power or for domestic purposes. Upon tbe ranch are grown all the vari eties of field products, vegetables and fruits. It is evidently a valuable ad junct to the camp. A large and interesting volume might be written of the minerals of the dis trict, and the eventßOfK.it Careon, Gen. Fremont, the emigrants of '49, and the battles fought on tbe flat near the old Bpring. But, suffice to say that the his tory in future, when railroads will have reached thin region, and a half do/.eri-br more different blanches of business have been established and represented by hundreds of busy men, the page upon which it ia written will be more expanded with interest and increased iv its attractions. The noxt station should be named Enormity, for the rea?,on that the cen tral location, commanding the products of a wide extent of rich country, is filled with various commodities, and it is the probable junction of two branch roads, running through eaoh valley northwest anil southeast. The lino of survey after leaving the Armagosn valley passes near tho north west end of the well known Parumph valley, comprising 550 square miles ami the southwert etui ot Aa-imeadow valley, contending 2Ji»,tX)'J acres ol land. At or near this point is where Enormity station ehonld be located. Each of these valleys is surronnded by lar;te mouutaiu ranges, known to contain 1 mineral in paying quantities, when pro vided with reatonuolt rati-i oi freight ing the ores to reduction works, The readers Of tho Hkhald will re member previous descriptions of (he great Parumph mite*, im line lands, springs and Inru'icnir, i>ro<!ucts, with flic Nevada Boutft«)i. 'Tallroad survey passing '12 to 20 miles to IBM east of the southeast end of tho valley. Tho newly proposed railway, accord ing to survey, crosses the northwest end ol or near Parumph volley, at a distance of 100 miles (ram the former company's ! survey, giving the latter road control of j the larger part of tlm products of the I valley, and thus a similar or greater tul j vantage io attainod, a nearer approach ito tbe large bodies of crone ties, mine : and saw timber of Charleston nijun ! tains, the waters of the section, bo valu ! able as a transporting and motive powor, and finally for irrigating the rich valley lands below. AX INTERESTING VALLEY. , Looking from the iow pass to the northwest and opposite Parumph valley, with but a few feet elevation dividing the two valleyß, is Aahmeadows, with its fields of green grass, in plain view. It ie a very interesting valley, and ia distinctively noted'for its ninny forms of mineral compounds.! and wonderful spriugs. It ia situated just south of the great volcanic eruptions and expansive lava beds to the north and With only Funeral mountain range separating it from Death valley, in Nye county, Nev. Its specialties, ac previously expressed, are its minerals and water, and aa stated by a very learned chemist upon exam ination, it is believed to contain, poaai bly, every variety of mineral known to exist in the earth. It also has the in dispensable and every day used arti cles —salt for corning meats, soda for domestic purposes, epsom salts for the sick and soap for tbe unclean. The claimed rheumatism in the cattle of this valley, with hoofs 14 inches long, walking and gathering food upon their knees, as stated by the spatter-splash and irresponsible'.writerstis, as are many other statements about tbe country, false. It is true that the hoofs of the cattle, in some parts of the valley, when negleoted to be sawed off, grow to be of great length, aud disable the animals from walking otherwise than upon their knees. But it is no more nor leas than the effect of warm water from the arte sian springs that overflow tbe meadow lands in which the cattle feed. Well may the Herald exclaim: "A country of which it is so difficult to ob tain accurate accounts." Recently there appeared in a*San Francisco paper of wide circulation and high repute, a column article written upon this country, in which there were 31 misrepresentations, or the reader may call them by the other name, more appropriate. It is truly • retired country, and ow ing to the stupendous difficulties, at tending all experiments and efforts to operate it, great deviations in men's plans become necessary, and reverses and adversities are frequent. And aa deeply felt aa may be the regret, and great the magnitude of disappointment and continuous losses, none other, nay, nothing lees, than the building of a rail road to and through tbe country will re move tbe stubborn difficulties and con dition of the people and country. And with tbe rich resources that invite cap ital, bow mysterious it is that the build ing of a railroad ia ao long delayed. Pardon me the dlgreaaion I have made, snd allow me to invite your further con sideration of the merits of Ash Meadow valley, which, it is but fair and just to prediot, the prediction resting as it does on valid basis, tbat when railroad trans portation has been furnished and scient ist and chemist have come to tho country and analy/ud the varied compounds of the soil, from which bo many valuable assets, drugs and domestic articles are manufactured, there will be a dozen in dustrial or manufacturing establish ments in the country, employing hun dreds of workmen. I would kindly invite the attention of the reader to a group of springs in this valley, and hope they will be interested in tbeir novelty and usefulness. There is the Devil's Caldron or Hole, Big spring, Deep spring, Hot spring, Flue spring and Cold water spring. THE DEVIL'S CALDRON or well, is so christened for tbe reason of its apparent opposition to tbe laws of nature, and the mysterious disappear ance of two squaws in its throat. it is situated immediately at tbe base of a eolid limestone mountain, to LOS ANGELES HERALD. SUNDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 17. I»J3 the northeast Bide and within 12 miles of the lower «nd of the valley. It is alao within the group of 25 apringa, none of which exceed the diatance of tlx milea from the Devil's Hole. Thia atrange whim of nature ia a partial crater—a break iu the earth'a crust or surface— produced by some eruptive power of inner earth, which waa at tlie time probably quickly followed by a col lapse, preventing a discharge of molten matter. At the water's surface, 50 vertical feet below the h:\lf circular, rimmed-shaped mound, as thrown from it, on the valley side, the nhape is an oblong square 45 by 8 feet, and inclines over an angle of 80 degrees as di»pth is attained. The water variea in depth and baa a temperature of blood heat, and having drank the water and bathed in ir. [ be lieve it to be free from injurious effects. It is as clear or transparent as the atmosphere immediately after a rainfall followed by bright sunshine. Owing to the decline of the orifice, when looking into its drfpth through the water, the eye sight comes in contac: with the foot wull at the depth of about 40 feet and leaves the depth and condition a sur mise to the curious and anxious visitor. l f s shape above the water'a surface, on tbt valley side, is very near perpen dicular, while on the mountain aide it goes np witli a slight deviation from a vertical to a height of 80 to 100 feet. The north end wall is perpendicular within a few feet of the top, except the break made by a large cave commencing at the surface of the water and extend ing back to an unknown distance, and is the home of large eagles, owls, etc. The southern end baa a slope of abont 45 degrees, with offsets of 7 to 9 feet, over which the visitor must climb to reach the bottom. A HIT OF TKAmTIOXARV HISTORY. Mary and Shaft?, two historical Shos hone Indian women living in the valley, give an account of two squaws who, when bathing in the Devil's caldron or wells, were by a powerful undercurrent taken down into its throat, from whence they never returned. They left a baby behind. It perished, and was deposited in the crevicea of the ruck near where the mother disappeared. Aa to the correctness of all parts of the statement we may never know, but of the fjube having been deposited in a fissure or crevice of rock it ia abso lutely true, na the little skull-bone and arm bouts, 4 to (i inches in length, ore here to be seen, aud near the Devil's caldron hole or weil. Tlie most novel spring of the group is Tom VValcott's. Its noted feature is ita fathin. depth, and a water tree is perfectly visible, as if on the surface, in open air. My sounding was made with a Si to MO foot cord with a stone at taohed, and failed to find bottom, It is Htatud that a rope 75 to 100 feet long ooold not reach bottom. The spring discharge! about 300 inches and has a temperature of ahout 80 degrees. Its circumference is 168 feet, and nearly a perfect circle, with low banks and escapes for the water 50 inchoB deep. The border of the spring ia to it as is an elegant frame surrounding a magnificent picture. Its border is an evergreen tulny from three to four feet high. Upon the southeast wall of the spring, at a depth oj 20 to 30 feet, is to be seen a most beautiful treo, .green in foliage and closely resembling the flat boughs and foliage o! the cedar or juniper tree. Nothing can bo more distinctly visible than is this picture as seen in the great depth of clear water, and the person who, when viewing this marvelous beauty, as its boughs are gently swayed to and fro by the bubbling aud truly traneparent water, faiis to stare upon it with enraptured admiration, is surely a being utterly void of all sense of giandeurand beauty. TIIK MAMMOTH SPRING of the valley is claimed by Mr. George Wutkine, whose name it bears. Nature has given a full measure of beauty and grandeur to this spring. Imagine an oval depression 14 to 10 feet deep ex tending to a pure white bottom com posed of kaolin, soda, borate of lim». etc., with an evergreen border 130 feel' in circumference, and a waterway similarly beautified, and situated In a milky colored formation from which flow 1000 to 1200 inches of transparent water having a temperature of 80 de grees. The three cold-water springs, within a few rods of each other, are in the same locality as .the hot spring. They are surrounded by fine agricultural land, and occupied by Old Charley, a Shoshone Indian, who is quite well versed in the habits and customs of the whites. He has a very large family of children and grandchildren, and is anxious that the free school system be extended to thia county, where there is not a school house to be found, not in 400 miles equare of the country. The old Stone Cabin spring, flowing 150 inches of water, formerly owned by Lee brothers, is a warm water strongly impregnated with lime. It makes its appearance at the base of the mountains, 50 to 75 feet above the lower valley. The lime being in solu tion, is conveyed to the lower land and thereby exposed to a cool atmospheric temperature, it is congealed and depos its itself above the meandering course of the stream upon its bottom and sides and has thus constructed a complete sluice or flume with perfect bottom and sides. And in other places it hae formed a perfect flue or pipe, so to speak, through which the water flows. The Claton springs have a flow of 100 inches of water that buret forth from beneath a white chalk bluff, and is owned by Mr. Charles Claton, who raises horses, does freighting and conducts his farm, upon which is grown alfalfa, corn, vegetables and the largest of all melons, sqashes, etc. This little ranch ig the last evidence of home and family civilization to be found in a travel of 150 to 200 miles. It is a wayside inn at which the weary traveler finds a genial little family ever ready to make the traveler happy, and especially Mrs. Claton who, with her four little children, is so iar away from family associations. Her two nearest neighbors are one 35 and the other 42 miles away. The remainder of the 25 springs flow ing from one to 100 inches of water make up a total of about 3000 inches, all of which are within six miles of the Devil's well. This water, centrally located as it is, surrounded by so many of earth's most valuable treasures, at which reduction works, manufacturing and power works may be ereoted, admitting the introduc tion'of railroads into the valley,possesses an inestimable value, and is as sure to be so recognized and to be utilized as it is certain that time is perpetuated and men continue to build locomotive en gines. That this article may not be come wearisome to the reader, the re mainder of the proposed route of rail way to Pioche and Salt Lake will be briefly noticed. From Rarumph and Ashmeadow pasB sixteen miles, near the terminus of the' road, Montgomery mining district is approached. The Chispa company's mines, consisting ol five locations, are being worked in a email way and at (earful expense, and were it not tbat tbe ore ia of a good quality it would be impossible that it be made to pay ex penses. The work of developing the mine tha past three years and testing its quality in • Huntington mill has demonstrated tbe merita of the prop erty to he such as to warrant the erec tion of extensive reduction works. It ie a free gold rock, such aa Uncle Sam ao much needs when coined. But six miles farther along the eur vey and we find the Jobney Times, Covrier, Zulu, Little Watt, Gold Crown and other minea located on the Ciepa grouo extension belt. It ia a free gold camp and tbe quality and quantity of ore exposed by development work is ancb as to inspire tbe utmost confidence in the future proaperlty of tbe camp. Proceeding twenty-five milea along the survey and the accesible point to the Sterling mining district and Indian Creek valley, also the timber of the north end and side of Charleston mountain is arrived at. This is a section of country tbat de serves special comment, bnt for reasons previously given it must be omitted for the present. OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST. Thence, along the line and through a mineral country, very little prospected, one goes to Cane springe. It is a dis trict of varied and extreme contrast found in color of formation, red oxide, black aulphid. white and cream-colored kaolin, and where the white chalk and black lava-colored mountaine ataud aide by aide. It is here that an ill-fated party of emigrantß in 1849, when en route to California, abandoned their wagona, and, with diamal hopea, tearful eyes and aorrowful hearta, packed the acanty euppliea yet remaining on the few oxen not killed at thia place by eat ing loco (poiaon weed), and on foot made the periloua journey to California. Passing through the long valley and four milea from the north end along the survey ia situated Oak Spring min ing diatrict. It ia very difficult of access, but no doubt will be a good mining camp. Mr. John Harper of San Francisco, a mine expert of nigh repute, and in the invest of capitalists, recently exam ine™ a gold, eilver and lead mine of this camp, and no question could lv bad of tbe profits arising from tbe work ing of this mine in othercountries; but you may, with all propriety, ask the question, what will the company do with it under the present disastrous rate of wagon transportation? or other wise, how rich muat the mine be to realize a profit from its working, paying an approximate tariff of $125 per ton freight? Crossing Rainbow valley and entering tbe northeast range we are in a great expanse of mining country. Grooms district, juet eaet of thß railway aurvey, ia of more import ance and extent, poaaibly, than ia Rest ing spriugs district. LYtimates aa made of the wealth contained iv one of the co operative group of mines, the amount of metal, if taken out and coined, would be sufficient to pay the nation'a debt. But be it aa bad as it may, tbe truth cannot and should not be evaded. At tbe rate of 90 cents a bushel for charcoal and $150 to $200 a ton for coke, it will never be coined, not even if it caused bank ruptcy to the United Stat ;a; no, not un til a railroad ia built. There ia on Grooma mountain a large extent of valuable cross-tie, mine and aaw timbtr. To the northwest of Grooma and near the line of aurvey ia Sand Spriuga and the Tempiutedis district. And on the eaat aide of the proposed road is situated Irish Moun tain district, convenient to the line. And within this great mineral belt is situated Jack Babbit, Munkey Ranch and many other diatricta that will be tributary to tbe road when built. The next camp of importance on tbe line ia Old Freyburge mining district, the wealth of which ia known far and near and needa no comment. Paasing thence along the line with ex pansive and fertile valleys upon either side, there ia Pahrock, Bennet, Pah uacca, in the vicinity of the road to Pioche, which when built will connect with a road now graded to Milford, it having its connection direct with Salt Lake City. T. W. Brooks. A Statu SuUn Fountain. It may sound like a Munchausen yarn, but it is an actual fact that in the squint eyed little burg of Sodaville, in Linn county, in block 8 of tho town plat, there is a soda spring, and that the last legislature, in its infinite wisdom, pro vided that "inasmuch as there is a great and growing demand ou the part of the public for the waters of said spring," tbe state would spend $500 to improve it. This is at last the fond realization of the long felt want which has been loafing around tho country like the ghost of boyhood's happy days in quest of a watermelon patch where haply lingered no vicious dog. It is a grand and im posing sight to see the legislative fancy rising from the sordid contemplation of a cold and unresponsive hog law and hovering on halcyon wings over tbe soft murmur of an idyllic state soda foun tain.—Astoria (Or.) Budget. A Fracas In tlio Bouse. There was a personal encounter on the floor of the house of representatives Feb. 15, 1798, between Roger Griswold of Connecticut and Matthew Lyon of Vermont, editor of The Scourge of Aris tocracy and Repository of Important Po litical Truth and one of the few victims of the sedition law, under which he served a term in jail and paid a fine of $1,000. An old time cut represents the two congressmen hammering each other with a cudgel and tongs. Under groBS provo cation Lyon had spit in Griswold's face, but at the time of the fracas the house had not been called to order, though prayer had been offered by the chaplain. —Buffalo Courier. Miraculous Image at Milan. Curious scenes of religious fanaticism, our Rome correspondent says, are tak iug place in the Milan cathedral. For several days an excited crowd has thronged around a marble Madouna, a rough work of the fourteenth century, which is said to have recently performed miracles by healing blind and lame peo ple. The crush around the Madonna is bo great that the police have had to in terfere for fear of accidents happening. —London News. The State of tbe Case. It is New York news that the Duke of Veragua would accept "should Ameri can gratitude for the services of Christo pher Columbus take the shape of a fund." In Chicago his grace's accept ance has not for a moment been doubt ed. It has only been a question ol fund or no fund, with a preponderance of sentiment in the negative.—Chicago OUR NEW STOCK! Is now ready for your inspection. We will tell you all about it in a large advertisement some day during tiie coming week. Our salesmen are most enthusiastic over our choice selections. In Boys' Clothing we have been particularly fortunate in our pur chases, and you will indeed find it to your own interest to pay us a visit before making your fall and winter purchases. Our artist in his picture wants us to say —WE CAN SUIT AEL, and that if we have not in stock what you want, he will paint it for you. mm CORNER SPRING & TEMPLE STREETS. WHY BOOKS ARE CHEAP. A Machine That Prints and Folds Three Thousand Every Hour. There aro various rumors and tales flouting about town among those in the business concerning some wonderful ma chinery over on the west side of the city In a certain monstrous bookmaking es tablishment. The "novel machine" is a large web press similar to the kind newspapers are printed on, but arranged to take curved electrotypes of each page of a book in stead of a single large metal cylinder casting. There are two cylinders, on each of which 144 pages maybe screwed, and as the long strip of paper goes through, first one side is printed and then the other, making it possible to print 288 pages at every revolution. The strip of paper, after being carried over rollers which dry the ink, ia cut, folded and brought together in the shape of a small volume, with the edges all trimmed. Ev ery time the great cylinder goes round a novel is printed, folded and trimmed, and 5,000 of these are turned out every hour, while, if it were necessary, 7,000 or 8,000 might be the quota. From tho printing press these books are carried to a little machine that looks like a sewing machine, and two wire stitches are taken in the back of each. The stitched v.olumes are then carried to the covering machine, where they are put side to side iv a long feeding trough. At the end of this is a little compartment large enough to take a book, carried on an endless chain runuing over wheels at each end. Indeed, there are a series of little compartments on this chain, and as the chain moves along each one re ceives a book. As the book proceeds a wheel running in a gluepot presses against its back, smoaring it with glue. A little further along there is a pile of covers that comes up at just the right moment, leaving a cover Bticking to the gluey back of the book. In this way 50 books can be covered every minute. Two hundred and fifty thousand of these paper covered novels are thus turned ouj every two weeks, and extra editions of 50,000 or so are often worked in besides.—New York Commer cial Advertiser. The Last English Babbit. The game of the world is decreasing, and as new lands are opened to civiliza tion so it will get leas and less. In the struggle for existence, there will be no room for the sportsman. His require ments will grow more modest as time advances, but they will not be satisfied. The last British wolf was killed in Suth erlaudahire about the year 1700 by a man named Poison. Who will be handed down to posterity ac the slayer of the last British rabbit? What a pathetic picture might be drawn of the last cock pheas ant! Perhaps some Mac&ulay of the far distant future may astonish his readers by his account of what went on in the rural districts of Great Britain in the nineteenth century. He would relate how, owing to the scantiness of the population, man used to shoot partridges and pheasants by the thousand on ground then and for gener ations past the sites of immense towns; telling how the England, then mapped out into small tenements, each laboriously and minutely culti vated, with no waste of wood or hedge row, used in those far away years to be furiously ridden over by hundreds of horsemen in pursuit of an animal long since extinct in the land ami only known to the curious in old books of natural history.—Macmillan's Magazine, • — French Servants antl Wealthy Shopkeepers. Tho one extravagance of dress of the French servant girl lies in having her best gown made by a dressmaker instead of making it herself. Henco her corsages always fit her well, and her plain stuff costume lias a degree of style about it which she is fully capable of appreciat ing. The ladies of the so called bour geois set—the wives and daughters of rich shopkeepers and manufacturers— very rarely indulge in rich fashionable toilets. Mme. Boucicaut, the foundress of the Bon Marche, was worth millions upon millions. Always arrayed in black silk or satin of excellent quality, but made in the plainest possible style, she looked to the last hour of her life just what she was—tho greatest and richest shopkeeper iv Paris possibly, but still a shopkeeper, and one that never tried to look like anything different. When the daughter of oue of these wealthy trades people marries, her trousseau is usually very superb, but the famous masters of the art of dress are seldom or never called upon to exert their inventive tal ents in her behalf.—Lucy Harper in Home Journal, Uow Air Ilesi6ts a Locomotive. Experiments made by the scientists appointed for that purpose by the French government show that the resistance of the atmosphere to tho motion of a high speed train oftep amounts to half the to tal resistance which the locomotive must overcome. Two engines, of which tho resistauco was measured repeatedly and found to be 19 pounds per ton at 37 miles per hour, were coupled together and again tried. In tho second trial the re sistance fell to 11 pounds per ton, the second engine being shielded from at mospheric resistance by the first. It strikes nic that there is an idea for sonio inventor half unmasked in this item.— Bt. Louis Republic. A Sign of Good lireediug. One of tho most convincing signs of good breeding is respect for other people's rights. We all subscribe to that state ment in theory. Yet how many of us always reintauber in any public place, in the street car or at a hotel table not to introduce the two subjects that are inevitably certain to hurt some one pres ent; —religion or politics? Womrai are not exempt from dabbling in politics, though generally professedly ignorant of public affairs. Sometimes their speeches apropos of one's favorite politician re mind one of the hint conveyed in the as sertion that tho wasp can stinj as well without its head as with it.—Chicago Mail. . A woman says that a man can be a senior wrangler and acquire fame as an authority on the most abstruse subiecte. but he cannot answer the questions of a 3-year-old child without revealing his ignorance. Rossini's Memory. The Barbiere di Sivig lia'' was blessed with a not very reten tive memory—especially for names of persons introduced to him—a f orgetful ness which was frequently the cause of much merriment whenever Rossini was; among company. Ono day he met Bishop, the English composer. Rossini knew the face well enough and at once greeted him. "Ah, my dear Mr. but he could progress no further. To convince him that he had not forgotten! him Rossini commenced whistling Bish op's glee, "When the Wind Blows," a compliment which "the English Mozart" recognized and would as readily have heard as his less musical surname.-— Gentleman's Magazine. j A Munificent Offer. Here is a capital story of Mr. .Edward Lloyd, the well known tenor. Ha ccli dom sings in private, but on ons occaj sion, when visiting some friends a little) way out, he was prevailed upon to do aoj A clergyman who was present waa not aware of the identity of the singer and at the conclusion of the song approached him quietly and said: ( "Really, sir, you should not waste you? voice like this. Now, we are in need of another tenor in our choir. I shall ba very happy to give you £30 a year. Think) it over." : The singer smiled and said he would—• think it over. —London Tit-Bits. > Washes For Injured Eyes. Limo and Roman cement are very de-> structive to the eyes if permitted to re-j main any considerable time. Wash tha eyes immediately with water, then witht water containing vinegar or lemon juice. For acids in the eyes wash with water containing a little ammonia or baking soda. For alkalis wash with water contain-. ing vinegar or lemon juioe.—Washing ton Star. An ludiau Blanket. The Indians mako blankets of bark beaten very thin. The bark is stamped with fancy figures in brown and red and] is trimmed with fur. Palm leaves ara beaten.together and are also made intoj blankets. Au Indian is always cold, even, in hot weather, and his blanket ie as precious to him as our sun hats are to us. —New York Ledger. "I tell my boy," said a father, "that I don't euro what calling he takes up,' but that he does want to be able to do! whatever he undertakes to do better, it possible, than anybody else." The first secession flag raised in tha south was iv South Carolina. The flag staff is still standing fastened to tha gablo end of a storehouse at Skull Shoala.l When a personage of high rank die* in Siam, the king helps bathe the body and prepare it for cremation ' and final ly lights the funeral pyre. A cubic inch of gold is worth $210; a cubic foot, $368,380; a cubic yard. tB.-' 797,7(13. This reckoning bases tha value of gold at $18 per ounce, • ; T