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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, September 17, 1893, Image 7

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TWO RAILROADS A NECESSITY.
An Interesting Description of a
Magnificent Country.
Vast in Extent ami Varied in Its Re
sources.
llm Shorten and Moat Direct Line Be
tween L.ne Ang-eloe and Salt Lake
Ulty aa Been by an Kye
Witneaa.
With a brief view of the map of thi
vast territory lying north of the Atlantic
and Pacific railroad and that which oc
cupies the expanse of country, between
the Southern Pacific, Los Angeles and
San Francisco division, the Colorado,
Carson, and tho Colorado ilver, and
having acquired an unqneationable
knowled ol the prodigious wealth of
this region, no person with expanse of
thought or comprehensive brain will
for a moment believe it possible for one
railroad to accommodate tbe lmmeceo
future business of the country alluded
to except by numerous branch roads,
requiring years of toil and the expendi
ture of large euma of money to con
struct them. »
It iB not with a lack of appreciation
of tho stupomliona efforts and progress
made in constructing the Nevada
Southern that we advooate the build
ing ol another road more direct to Los
Angelas. Nay, we hail with a spirit of
devotion their names, and may all
praißO ever be to President Isaac K.
Blake and his co-operators for their UO*
swerving energy, and would say God
speed to the building and completion of
the Nevada Southern railroad.
It is a noble, great and grand enter
prise, directed to the ventilating and
opening up of hundreds of industrial
enterprises, the enrichment of the com
pany aud hundreds of Utah, Nevada and
Southern Calilornia people.
But the problem is, can the Nevada
Southern meet the great future demands
of transportation to and from all parts
of the country in question? No, no, is
the echoed tucponsc, coming from many
fertile valleys and a thousand mineral
hills and mountains along the railroad
route from Los Angeles to halt Lake
City.
I would invitetho nttonttonof railroad
corporations, ctpitalistl aud the inter
ested public to scan tho proposed line of
the Nevada Southern railway, and hav
ing the route lixed iv memory, I v.culd
uelc that a careiul investigation be
made ol
THE WESTERLY SURVEY
cf the Union Pacific Railroad company,
made in 1888, and observe tbe expanse
cf country and the intermediate distance
of 80 to 200 miles lying between the two
totttes. and when the numerous resources
accessible to tlie line of- this westerly
survey have been examined, comment
ing at Barstow or llaggett on the Atlan.
tic aud Pacific railroad, traveling north
erly lo Piocho, New, thence to Salt Lake
City, it will be admitted by all compe
tent judges ibat it passes through n
country of greater possibilities and more
reliable promise of profit to a railroad
company and service to a large popula
tion, when built, than any country in
the llnited States not supplied with a
railroad. A few of the important in
ducements of the country are herewith
presented.
THE CALICO MINES,
to the north of Dagget ure well known
and possibly the great gypsum deposit
and borate of lime. Tbe uorjjs. mines,
also, situated farther to ,the northeast,
from which thousands of carloads of
crude borax has been drawn to the rail
road on great wagons, 7-iotit diameter
wheels, 8 inch tires, weighing 17,000
pounds, including front and back-action.
When loaded, 57,000 to 60,000 pounds
•re drawn by 10 to 24 mules, and by
this BBode of freighting a profit might
be realized from the working of the
mine.
The next large mineral belt on the
line is the Iva-Wat mining district, situ
ated 40 to 50 miles from Calico, in an
easterly and westerly range of moun
tains. " It contains wet ores, having
values from $20 to |35 per ton, and must
be shipped by rail to pay.
Upon the northern slope ol the Iva-
Wat mountains, approaching Death val
ley, and directly on the line of the rail
road Burvey, there are many deposits of
luiuerals which have a fair commercial
value if favored with cheap transporta
tion.
The salt beds are of incalculable ex
tent. Kaolin, snow-white and of su
perior quality; marble, very white and
in quality closely approaches the Italian
marble.
IBE-X MINING DISTRICT.
Grossing tbe lower valley of the Amar
gosa and Saratoga springs aud the Ibex
mining district, situated in the southern
end of Funeral mountain range, Mr.
Thomas Twaddle, a worthy and confident
pioneer mining man of the district,erect
ed a live-stamp mill many years since,
and the miners prospected the district
and found rich ore, but owing to the
great expense of operating, the scarcity
of water and fuel for machine purposes,
the camp is, if not sleeping, not produc
ing.
Following the Amargosa valley along
the survey a distance of 20 miles and an
immense body of hematite iron is
crossed, and 10 miles further and tbe
nitre bed, the junction of Clarke's fork
•nd Amargosa, and Willow ranch is
reached. Hence nine miles and we ar
rive at the noted borax fields and old
refining works, formerly owned by W.
T. Coleman & Co., from which, during
the many years it wae operated, were
shipped many thousand tons of crystal
lized borax, producing 1200 tons annual
ly, and exclusive of the Furnace creek,
Death valley works, from which • larger
amount was shipped. This large pro
duct was freighted many miles to the
railroad, by means of large wagons, suoh
as were described in the transporting of
the borate of lime and crude borax near
er Daggett.
At a distance of eight miles east and
upon tbe opposite side of the valley, is
situated Resting spring and the mining
district of tbe same name. It is an old
camp, vivid in the memories of so many
persons, whose experiences at this
place were entangled with • severe bit
er, mingled with a little sweet, in the
early days. •
Quite a number of the mines of the
distract are extensively developed and
expose unquestionable quantity and
value Of ore. The principal mines are
owned by Messrs. J. B. Oaburn, H.
White of Manse, John Blaok and C. M.
Nf ymar.
| Since the failure of the steam wagon
■'.do tbe freighting of the ores to tbe
gju.7u.id, a was experimented with by
B. Osburn many years since, these
parties have performed the annual re
quirement of labor nn the mines and
have kept a continuous watch over tbe
property.
Does the reader know why, with rich
mines, they await the future to work
them? Allow the wyter to answer the
qnestion for them. It is the undisputa
ble necessity of railroad transportation
to the realization of a profit from the
working of the mines, ltia stated upon
reliable authority that.au output of 300
tons per day can be easily accom
plished.
In this vicinity there is within a tri
angular area of nine miles from point to
point
A LITTLE KINO DOM
of varied wealth, comprising gold, sil
ver, copper, lead, iron, ejitro, boras,
salt, gypsum, fire-clay, etc.
Mr. 8. P. Lee's ranch of this district
Is well worthy of mention. At the foot
of a projected point of the mountainr, to
the rear of the ranch, appear* a iarue
artesian spring, from which the farm,
garden, etc., are irrigated. The eleva
tion at the fountain head or source is
such as to admit of it being conveyed to
almost any desired point und ÜBed as a
motor power or for domestic purposes.
Upon tbe ranch are grown all the vari
eties of field products, vegetables and
fruits. It is evidently a valuable ad
junct to the camp.
A large and interesting volume might
be written of the minerals of the dis
trict, and the eventßOfK.it Careon, Gen.
Fremont, the emigrants of '49, and the
battles fought on tbe flat near the old
Bpring. But, suffice to say that the his
tory in future, when railroads will have
reached thin region, and a half do/.eri-br
more different blanches of business
have been established and represented
by hundreds of busy men, the page
upon which it ia written will be more
expanded with interest and increased iv
its attractions.
The noxt station should be named
Enormity, for the rea?,on that the cen
tral location, commanding the products
of a wide extent of rich country, is filled
with various commodities, and it is the
probable junction of two branch roads,
running through eaoh valley northwest
anil southeast.
The lino of survey after leaving the
Armagosn valley passes near tho north
west end of the well known Parumph
valley, comprising 550 square miles
ami the southwert etui ot Aa-imeadow
valley, contending 2Ji»,tX)'J acres ol land.
At or near this point is where Enormity
station ehonld be located. Each of
these valleys is surronnded by lar;te
mouutaiu ranges, known to contain
1 mineral in paying quantities, when pro
vided with reatonuolt rati-i oi freight
ing the ores to reduction works,
The readers Of tho Hkhald will re
member previous descriptions of (he
great Parumph mite*, im line lands,
springs and Inru'icnir, i>ro<!ucts, with
flic Nevada Boutft«)i. 'Tallroad survey
passing '12 to 20 miles to IBM east of the
southeast end of tho valley.
Tho newly proposed railway, accord
ing to survey, crosses the northwest end
ol or near Parumph volley, at a distance
of 100 miles (ram the former company's
! survey, giving the latter road control of
j the larger part of tlm products of the
I valley, and thus a similar or greater tul
j vantage io attainod, a nearer approach
ito tbe large bodies of crone ties, mine
: and saw timber of Charleston nijun
! tains, the waters of the section, bo valu
! able as a transporting and motive powor,
and finally for irrigating the rich valley
lands below.
AX INTERESTING VALLEY. ,
Looking from the iow pass to the
northwest and opposite Parumph valley,
with but a few feet elevation dividing
the two valleyß, is Aahmeadows, with its
fields of green grass, in plain view.
It ie a very interesting valley, and ia
distinctively noted'for its ninny forms of
mineral compounds.! and wonderful
spriugs. It ia situated just south of the
great volcanic eruptions and expansive
lava beds to the north and With only
Funeral mountain range separating it
from Death valley, in Nye county, Nev.
Its specialties, ac previously expressed,
are its minerals and water, and aa stated
by a very learned chemist upon exam
ination, it is believed to contain, poaai
bly, every variety of mineral known to
exist in the earth. It also has the in
dispensable and every day used arti
cles —salt for corning meats, soda for
domestic purposes, epsom salts for the
sick and soap for tbe unclean.
The claimed rheumatism in the cattle
of this valley, with hoofs 14 inches long,
walking and gathering food upon their
knees, as stated by the spatter-splash
and irresponsible'.writerstis, as are many
other statements about tbe country,
false. It is true that the hoofs of the
cattle, in some parts of the valley, when
negleoted to be sawed off, grow to be of
great length, aud disable the animals
from walking otherwise than upon their
knees. But it is no more nor leas than
the effect of warm water from the arte
sian springs that overflow tbe meadow
lands in which the cattle feed.
Well may the Herald exclaim: "A
country of which it is so difficult to ob
tain accurate accounts."
Recently there appeared in a*San
Francisco paper of wide circulation and
high repute, a column article written
upon this country, in which there were
31 misrepresentations, or the reader
may call them by the other name, more
appropriate.
It is truly • retired country, and ow
ing to the stupendous difficulties, at
tending all experiments and efforts to
operate it, great deviations in men's
plans become necessary, and reverses
and adversities are frequent. And aa
deeply felt aa may be the regret, and
great the magnitude of disappointment
and continuous losses, none other, nay,
nothing lees, than the building of a rail
road to and through tbe country will re
move tbe stubborn difficulties and con
dition of the people and country. And
with tbe rich resources that invite cap
ital, bow mysterious it is that the build
ing of a railroad ia ao long delayed.
Pardon me the dlgreaaion I have made,
snd allow me to invite your further con
sideration of the merits of Ash Meadow
valley, which, it is but fair and just to
prediot, the prediction resting as it does
on valid basis, tbat when railroad trans
portation has been furnished and scient
ist and chemist have come to tho country
and analy/ud the varied compounds of
the soil, from which bo many valuable
assets, drugs and domestic articles are
manufactured, there will be a dozen in
dustrial or manufacturing establish
ments in the country, employing hun
dreds of workmen.
I would kindly invite the attention of
the reader to a group of springs in this
valley, and hope they will be interested
in tbeir novelty and usefulness. There
is the Devil's Caldron or Hole, Big
spring, Deep spring, Hot spring, Flue
spring and Cold water spring.
THE DEVIL'S CALDRON
or well, is so christened for tbe reason of
its apparent opposition to tbe laws of
nature, and the mysterious disappear
ance of two squaws in its throat.
it is situated immediately at tbe base
of a eolid limestone mountain, to
LOS ANGELES HERALD. SUNDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 17. I»J3
the northeast Bide and within 12 miles
of the lower «nd of the valley. It is
alao within the group of 25 apringa,
none of which exceed the diatance of
tlx milea from the Devil's Hole. Thia
atrange whim of nature ia a partial
crater—a break iu the earth'a crust or
surface— produced by some eruptive
power of inner earth, which waa at tlie
time probably quickly followed by a col
lapse, preventing a discharge of molten
matter.
At the water's surface, 50 vertical feet
below the h:\lf circular, rimmed-shaped
mound, as thrown from it, on the valley
side, the nhape is an oblong square 45 by
8 feet, and inclines over an angle of 80
degrees as di»pth is attained.
The water variea in depth and baa a
temperature of blood heat, and having
drank the water and bathed in ir. [ be
lieve it to be free from injurious effects.
It is as clear or transparent as the
atmosphere immediately after a rainfall
followed by bright sunshine. Owing to
the decline of the orifice, when looking
into its drfpth through the water, the
eye sight comes in contac: with the foot
wull at the depth of about 40 feet and
leaves the depth and condition a sur
mise to the curious and anxious visitor.
l f s shape above the water'a surface, on
tbt valley side, is very near perpen
dicular, while on the mountain aide
it goes np witli a slight deviation from
a vertical to a height of 80 to 100 feet.
The north end wall is perpendicular
within a few feet of the top, except the
break made by a large cave commencing
at the surface of the water and extend
ing back to an unknown distance, and
is the home of large eagles, owls, etc.
The southern end baa a slope of abont
45 degrees, with offsets of 7 to 9 feet,
over which the visitor must climb to
reach the bottom.
A HIT OF TKAmTIOXARV HISTORY.
Mary and Shaft?, two historical Shos
hone Indian women living in the valley,
give an account of two squaws who,
when bathing in the Devil's caldron or
wells, were by a powerful undercurrent
taken down into its throat, from whence
they never returned.
They left a baby behind. It perished,
and was deposited in the crevicea of the
ruck near where the mother disappeared.
Aa to the correctness of all parts of
the statement we may never know, but
of the fjube having been deposited in a
fissure or crevice of rock it ia abso
lutely true, na the little skull-bone and
arm bouts, 4 to (i inches in length, ore
here to be seen, aud near the Devil's
caldron hole or weil.
Tlie most novel spring of the group is
Tom VValcott's. Its noted feature is ita
fathin. depth, and a water tree is
perfectly visible, as if on the surface, in
open air. My sounding was made with
a Si to MO foot cord with a stone at
taohed, and failed to find bottom, It is
Htatud that a rope 75 to 100 feet long
ooold not reach bottom. The spring
discharge! about 300 inches and has a
temperature of ahout 80 degrees. Its
circumference is 168 feet, and nearly a
perfect circle, with low banks and
escapes for the water 50 inchoB deep.
The border of the spring ia to it as is an
elegant frame surrounding a magnificent
picture. Its border is an evergreen
tulny from three to four feet high.
Upon the southeast wall of the spring,
at a depth oj 20 to 30 feet, is to be seen
a most beautiful treo, .green in foliage
and closely resembling the flat boughs
and foliage o! the cedar or juniper tree.
Nothing can bo more distinctly visible
than is this picture as seen in the great
depth of clear water, and the person
who, when viewing this marvelous
beauty, as its boughs are gently swayed
to and fro by the bubbling aud truly
traneparent water, faiis to stare upon it
with enraptured admiration, is surely a
being utterly void of all sense of
giandeurand beauty.
TIIK MAMMOTH SPRING
of the valley is claimed by Mr. George
Wutkine, whose name it bears. Nature
has given a full measure of beauty and
grandeur to this spring. Imagine an
oval depression 14 to 10 feet deep ex
tending to a pure white bottom com
posed of kaolin, soda, borate of lim».
etc., with an evergreen border 130
feel' in circumference, and a waterway
similarly beautified, and situated In a
milky colored formation from which
flow 1000 to 1200 inches of transparent
water having a temperature of 80 de
grees.
The three cold-water springs, within
a few rods of each other, are in the
same locality as .the hot spring. They
are surrounded by fine agricultural
land, and occupied by Old Charley, a
Shoshone Indian, who is quite well
versed in the habits and customs of
the whites. He has a very large family
of children and grandchildren, and is
anxious that the free school system be
extended to thia county, where there is
not a school house to be found, not in
400 miles equare of the country.
The old Stone Cabin spring, flowing
150 inches of water, formerly owned by
Lee brothers, is a warm water strongly
impregnated with lime.
It makes its appearance at the base of
the mountains, 50 to 75 feet above the
lower valley. The lime being in solu
tion, is conveyed to the lower land and
thereby exposed to a cool atmospheric
temperature, it is congealed and depos
its itself above the meandering course of
the stream upon its bottom and sides
and has thus constructed a complete
sluice or flume with perfect bottom and
sides. And in other places it hae formed
a perfect flue or pipe, so to speak,
through which the water flows.
The Claton springs have a flow of 100
inches of water that buret forth from
beneath a white chalk bluff, and is
owned by Mr. Charles Claton, who raises
horses, does freighting and conducts his
farm, upon which is grown alfalfa, corn,
vegetables and the largest of all melons,
sqashes, etc.
This little ranch ig the last evidence
of home and family civilization to be
found in a travel of 150 to 200 miles. It
is a wayside inn at which the weary
traveler finds a genial little family ever
ready to make the traveler happy, and
especially Mrs. Claton who, with her
four little children, is so iar away from
family associations. Her two nearest
neighbors are one 35 and the other 42
miles away.
The remainder of the 25 springs flow
ing from one to 100 inches of water
make up a total of about 3000 inches,
all of which are within six miles of the
Devil's well.
This water, centrally located as it is,
surrounded by so many of earth's most
valuable treasures, at which reduction
works, manufacturing and power works
may be ereoted, admitting the introduc
tion'of railroads into the valley,possesses
an inestimable value, and is as sure to
be so recognized and to be utilized as it
is certain that time is perpetuated and
men continue to build locomotive en
gines. That this article may not be
come wearisome to the reader, the re
mainder of the proposed route of rail
way to Pioche and Salt Lake will be
briefly noticed.
From Rarumph and Ashmeadow pasB
sixteen miles, near the terminus of the'
road, Montgomery mining district is
approached. The Chispa company's
mines, consisting ol five locations, are
being worked in a email way and at
(earful expense, and were it not tbat
tbe ore ia of a good quality it would be
impossible that it be made to pay ex
penses. The work of developing the
mine tha past three years and testing
its quality in • Huntington mill has
demonstrated tbe merita of the prop
erty to he such as to warrant the erec
tion of extensive reduction works. It ie
a free gold rock, such aa Uncle Sam
ao much needs when coined.
But six miles farther along the eur
vey and we find the Jobney Times,
Covrier, Zulu, Little Watt, Gold Crown
and other minea located on the Ciepa
grouo extension belt. It ia a free gold
camp and tbe quality and quantity of
ore exposed by development work is
ancb as to inspire tbe utmost confidence
in the future proaperlty of tbe camp.
Proceeding twenty-five milea along
the survey and the accesible point to
the Sterling mining district and Indian
Creek valley, also the timber of the
north end and side of Charleston
mountain is arrived at.
This is a section of country tbat de
serves special comment, bnt for reasons
previously given it must be omitted for
the present.
OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST.
Thence, along the line and through a
mineral country, very little prospected,
one goes to Cane springe. It is a dis
trict of varied and extreme contrast
found in color of formation, red oxide,
black aulphid. white and cream-colored
kaolin, and where the white chalk and
black lava-colored mountaine ataud aide
by aide. It is here that an ill-fated
party of emigrantß in 1849, when en
route to California, abandoned their
wagona, and, with diamal hopea, tearful
eyes and aorrowful hearta, packed the
acanty euppliea yet remaining on the
few oxen not killed at thia place by eat
ing loco (poiaon weed), and on foot made
the periloua journey to California.
Passing through the long valley and
four milea from the north end along
the survey ia situated Oak Spring min
ing diatrict. It ia very difficult of
access, but no doubt will be a good
mining camp.
Mr. John Harper of San Francisco, a
mine expert of nigh repute, and in the
invest of capitalists, recently exam
ine™ a gold, eilver and lead mine of
this camp, and no question could lv
bad of tbe profits arising from tbe work
ing of this mine in othercountries; but
you may, with all propriety, ask the
question, what will the company do
with it under the present disastrous
rate of wagon transportation? or other
wise, how rich muat the mine be to
realize a profit from its working,
paying an approximate tariff of
$125 per ton freight? Crossing Rainbow
valley and entering tbe northeast range
we are in a great expanse of mining
country. Grooms district, juet eaet of
thß railway aurvey, ia of more import
ance and extent, poaaibly, than ia Rest
ing spriugs district. LYtimates aa made
of the wealth contained iv one of the co
operative group of mines, the amount of
metal, if taken out and coined, would be
sufficient to pay the nation'a debt. But
be it aa bad as it may, tbe truth cannot
and should not be evaded. At tbe rate
of 90 cents a bushel for charcoal and
$150 to $200 a ton for coke, it will never
be coined, not even if it caused bank
ruptcy to the United Stat ;a; no, not un
til a railroad ia built.
There ia on Grooma mountain a large
extent of valuable cross-tie, mine and
aaw timbtr. To the northwest of
Grooma and near the line of aurvey
ia Sand Spriuga and the Tempiutedis
district. And on the eaat aide of the
proposed road is situated Irish Moun
tain district, convenient to the line.
And within this great mineral belt is
situated Jack Babbit, Munkey Ranch
and many other diatricta that will be
tributary to tbe road when built.
The next camp of importance on tbe
line ia Old Freyburge mining district,
the wealth of which ia known far and
near and needa no comment.
Paasing thence along the line with ex
pansive and fertile valleys upon either
side, there ia Pahrock, Bennet, Pah
uacca, in the vicinity of the road to
Pioche, which when built will connect
with a road now graded to Milford, it
having its connection direct with Salt
Lake City. T. W. Brooks.
A Statu SuUn Fountain.
It may sound like a Munchausen yarn,
but it is an actual fact that in the squint
eyed little burg of Sodaville, in Linn
county, in block 8 of tho town plat,
there is a soda spring, and that the last
legislature, in its infinite wisdom, pro
vided that "inasmuch as there is a great
and growing demand ou the part of the
public for the waters of said spring," tbe
state would spend $500 to improve it.
This is at last the fond realization of the
long felt want which has been loafing
around tho country like the ghost of
boyhood's happy days in quest of a
watermelon patch where haply lingered
no vicious dog. It is a grand and im
posing sight to see the legislative fancy
rising from the sordid contemplation of
a cold and unresponsive hog law and
hovering on halcyon wings over tbe soft
murmur of an idyllic state soda foun
tain.—Astoria (Or.) Budget.
A Fracas In tlio Bouse.
There was a personal encounter on the
floor of the house of representatives
Feb. 15, 1798, between Roger Griswold
of Connecticut and Matthew Lyon of
Vermont, editor of The Scourge of Aris
tocracy and Repository of Important Po
litical Truth and one of the few victims
of the sedition law, under which he
served a term in jail and paid a fine of
$1,000.
An old time cut represents the two
congressmen hammering each other with
a cudgel and tongs. Under groBS provo
cation Lyon had spit in Griswold's face,
but at the time of the fracas the house
had not been called to order, though
prayer had been offered by the chaplain.
—Buffalo Courier.
Miraculous Image at Milan.
Curious scenes of religious fanaticism,
our Rome correspondent says, are tak
iug place in the Milan cathedral. For
several days an excited crowd has
thronged around a marble Madouna, a
rough work of the fourteenth century,
which is said to have recently performed
miracles by healing blind and lame peo
ple. The crush around the Madonna is
bo great that the police have had to in
terfere for fear of accidents happening.
—London News.
The State of tbe Case.
It is New York news that the Duke of
Veragua would accept "should Ameri
can gratitude for the services of Christo
pher Columbus take the shape of a
fund." In Chicago his grace's accept
ance has not for a moment been doubt
ed. It has only been a question ol fund
or no fund, with a preponderance of
sentiment in the negative.—Chicago
OUR NEW STOCK!
Is now ready for your inspection. We will tell you all about it in
a large advertisement some day during tiie coming week. Our
salesmen are most enthusiastic over our choice selections. In
Boys' Clothing we have been particularly fortunate in our pur
chases, and you will indeed find it to your own interest to pay us
a visit before making your fall and winter purchases. Our artist
in his picture wants us to say —WE CAN SUIT AEL, and that
if we have not in stock what you want, he will paint it for you.
mm
CORNER SPRING & TEMPLE STREETS.
WHY BOOKS ARE CHEAP.
A Machine That Prints and Folds Three
Thousand Every Hour.
There aro various rumors and tales
flouting about town among those in the
business concerning some wonderful ma
chinery over on the west side of the city
In a certain monstrous bookmaking es
tablishment.
The "novel machine" is a large web
press similar to the kind newspapers are
printed on, but arranged to take curved
electrotypes of each page of a book in
stead of a single large metal cylinder
casting. There are two cylinders, on
each of which 144 pages maybe screwed,
and as the long strip of paper goes
through, first one side is printed and then
the other, making it possible to print 288
pages at every revolution. The strip of
paper, after being carried over rollers
which dry the ink, ia cut, folded and
brought together in the shape of a small
volume, with the edges all trimmed. Ev
ery time the great cylinder goes round a
novel is printed, folded and trimmed, and
5,000 of these are turned out every hour,
while, if it were necessary, 7,000 or 8,000
might be the quota.
From tho printing press these books
are carried to a little machine that looks
like a sewing machine, and two wire
stitches are taken in the back of each.
The stitched v.olumes are then carried to
the covering machine, where they are put
side to side iv a long feeding trough. At
the end of this is a little compartment
large enough to take a book, carried on
an endless chain runuing over wheels at
each end. Indeed, there are a series of
little compartments on this chain, and
as the chain moves along each one re
ceives a book. As the book proceeds a
wheel running in a gluepot presses
against its back, smoaring it with glue.
A little further along there is a pile of
covers that comes up at just the right
moment, leaving a cover Bticking to the
gluey back of the book.
In this way 50 books can be covered
every minute. Two hundred and fifty
thousand of these paper covered novels
are thus turned ouj every two weeks, and
extra editions of 50,000 or so are often
worked in besides.—New York Commer
cial Advertiser.
The Last English Babbit.
The game of the world is decreasing,
and as new lands are opened to civiliza
tion so it will get leas and less. In the
struggle for existence, there will be no
room for the sportsman. His require
ments will grow more modest as time
advances, but they will not be satisfied.
The last British wolf was killed in Suth
erlaudahire about the year 1700 by a man
named Poison. Who will be handed
down to posterity ac the slayer of the last
British rabbit? What a pathetic picture
might be drawn of the last cock pheas
ant! Perhaps some Mac&ulay of the far
distant future may astonish his readers
by his account of what went on in the
rural districts of Great Britain in the
nineteenth century.
He would relate how, owing to the
scantiness of the population, man used to
shoot partridges and pheasants by the
thousand on ground then and for gener
ations past the sites of immense towns;
telling how the England,
then mapped out into small tenements,
each laboriously and minutely culti
vated, with no waste of wood or hedge
row, used in those far away years to be
furiously ridden over by hundreds of
horsemen in pursuit of an animal long
since extinct in the land ami only known
to the curious in old books of natural
history.—Macmillan's Magazine,
• —
French Servants antl Wealthy Shopkeepers.
Tho one extravagance of dress of the
French servant girl lies in having her
best gown made by a dressmaker instead
of making it herself. Henco her corsages
always fit her well, and her plain stuff
costume lias a degree of style about it
which she is fully capable of appreciat
ing. The ladies of the so called bour
geois set—the wives and daughters of
rich shopkeepers and manufacturers—
very rarely indulge in rich fashionable
toilets. Mme. Boucicaut, the foundress
of the Bon Marche, was worth millions
upon millions. Always arrayed in black
silk or satin of excellent quality, but
made in the plainest possible style, she
looked to the last hour of her life just
what she was—tho greatest and richest
shopkeeper iv Paris possibly, but still a
shopkeeper, and one that never tried to
look like anything different. When the
daughter of oue of these wealthy trades
people marries, her trousseau is usually
very superb, but the famous masters of
the art of dress are seldom or never
called upon to exert their inventive tal
ents in her behalf.—Lucy Harper in
Home Journal,
Uow Air Ilesi6ts a Locomotive.
Experiments made by the scientists
appointed for that purpose by the French
government show that the resistance of
the atmosphere to tho motion of a high
speed train oftep amounts to half the to
tal resistance which the locomotive must
overcome. Two engines, of which tho
resistauco was measured repeatedly and
found to be 19 pounds per ton at 37 miles
per hour, were coupled together and
again tried. In tho second trial the re
sistance fell to 11 pounds per ton, the
second engine being shielded from at
mospheric resistance by the first. It
strikes nic that there is an idea for sonio
inventor half unmasked in this item.—
Bt. Louis Republic.
A Sign of Good lireediug.
One of tho most convincing signs of
good breeding is respect for other people's
rights. We all subscribe to that state
ment in theory. Yet how many of us
always reintauber in any public place,
in the street car or at a hotel table not
to introduce the two subjects that are
inevitably certain to hurt some one pres
ent; —religion or politics? Womrai are
not exempt from dabbling in politics,
though generally professedly ignorant of
public affairs. Sometimes their speeches
apropos of one's favorite politician re
mind one of the hint conveyed in the as
sertion that tho wasp can stinj as well
without its head as with it.—Chicago
Mail. .
A woman says that a man can be a
senior wrangler and acquire fame as an
authority on the most abstruse subiecte.
but he cannot answer the questions of a
3-year-old child without revealing his
ignorance.
Rossini's Memory.
The Barbiere di Sivig
lia'' was blessed with a not very reten
tive memory—especially for names of
persons introduced to him—a f orgetful
ness which was frequently the cause of
much merriment whenever Rossini was;
among company. Ono day he met
Bishop, the English composer. Rossini
knew the face well enough and at once
greeted him. "Ah, my dear Mr.
but he could progress no further. To
convince him that he had not forgotten!
him Rossini commenced whistling Bish
op's glee, "When the Wind Blows," a
compliment which "the English Mozart"
recognized and would as readily have
heard as his less musical surname.-—
Gentleman's Magazine. j
A Munificent Offer.
Here is a capital story of Mr. .Edward
Lloyd, the well known tenor. Ha ccli
dom sings in private, but on ons occaj
sion, when visiting some friends a little)
way out, he was prevailed upon to do aoj
A clergyman who was present waa not
aware of the identity of the singer and
at the conclusion of the song approached
him quietly and said: (
"Really, sir, you should not waste you?
voice like this. Now, we are in need of
another tenor in our choir. I shall ba
very happy to give you £30 a year. Think)
it over." :
The singer smiled and said he would—•
think it over. —London Tit-Bits. >
Washes For Injured Eyes.
Limo and Roman cement are very de->
structive to the eyes if permitted to re-j
main any considerable time. Wash tha
eyes immediately with water, then witht
water containing vinegar or lemon juice.
For acids in the eyes wash with water
containing a little ammonia or baking
soda.
For alkalis wash with water contain-.
ing vinegar or lemon juioe.—Washing
ton Star.
An ludiau Blanket.
The Indians mako blankets of bark
beaten very thin. The bark is stamped
with fancy figures in brown and red and]
is trimmed with fur. Palm leaves ara
beaten.together and are also made intoj
blankets. Au Indian is always cold, even,
in hot weather, and his blanket ie as
precious to him as our sun hats are to
us. —New York Ledger.
"I tell my boy," said a father, "that
I don't euro what calling he takes up,'
but that he does want to be able to do!
whatever he undertakes to do better, it
possible, than anybody else."
The first secession flag raised in tha
south was iv South Carolina. The flag
staff is still standing fastened to tha
gablo end of a storehouse at Skull Shoala.l
When a personage of high rank die*
in Siam, the king helps bathe the body
and prepare it for cremation ' and final
ly lights the funeral pyre.
A cubic inch of gold is worth $210; a
cubic foot, $368,380; a cubic yard. tB.-'
797,7(13. This reckoning bases tha value
of gold at $18 per ounce, • ;
T

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