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PART II—PAGES 9 TO 16.
OUT ON THE RANCHES The Ojai: Sicily, the largest and ■uost important island of the Mediter ranean, end which is about tbe size of tbe state oi Maryland—besides being noted for volcanic eruptions and some other undesirable things, produces the bnlk of the citron of commerce. Oitron is regarded by some botanists as per haps the orignal type of the species which produces the lemon, sweet lemon and lime; by others it is regarded as a distinct speoies. The fruit of the citron is large, rough and furrowed; the pulp sub-acid and refrigerant. The part chiefly valued is the rind, which has a delicious odor and flavor, and is made into preserves. The juice is employed to make a syrup for flavoring liquors. The cedrat is a variety of the citron, from which chiefly tbe fragrant oil of sedrat, used by perfumers, is produced, 'he varieties of citron are numerous, the fruit of the largest kinds sometimes measuring nine inches long and weigh ing 20 pounds. Sicily finds the raising of citron a profitable business, and the islanders nave resisted every effort ol foreigner* to take treea from the country. But they have been caught napping, how ever, and aa a result the raising of cit rons on the most approved Sicilian trees has already gained a firm footing at our very door—in Carpinteria, and we believe will in a few years become one of the staple businesses of this sec tion of California. Col. Russell Heath of Carpinteria was the pioneer in this partof California in raising English walnuts. When he planted ont acre after acre to walnut trees, probably the largest single or chard of tbe kind in tbe world, 20 odd years ago, people said ho was crazy: that he was wastins his time and money, as walnuts could not be profit ably raised here. Tbe results are well known. Colonel Heath's walnut or chard cannot be touched for a thousand dollars an acre, and when he demonstrated that money could be made in walnuts, other land owners changed their minda about being a crank, and followed his example. Of late years he has believed tbat fa vored parts of Southern California aro aa well adapted to citron culture as Sicily, and determined to set another example to horticulturists. For over three years he made expensive and un successful efforts to get citron trees from Sicily, his open and above-board plane being frustrated by the jealous Sicilians. There are no regular nurseries in Sicily Where trees can be bought, as in our country, and Colonel Heath finally hired a man to travel over tbe island, visit the little orchards wherever he could find them, and buy a tree here and a tree thero aa tbe farmers would sell. These were shipped to the maritime town of Leghorn, Italy, and from there they got out of tho country, coming to New York by way of Gibraltar. One case of trees was entirely lost in a railroad smash-up in this country, but the colonel waa nevertheless compelled to pay $70 expressage on the care from New York, and has never eet eyes on tile trees, either. The trees he did receive from Sicily proved a very expensive purchase, but be now haa them growing vigorously on his ranch at Cnrpinterla, and will very soon have all tbs buds he needs for extending his citron orchard. In the matter of crye talizing the fruit for the market, Colonel Heath a few days ago told the editor of The Ojai that if he could find no one in thia country who understood the work thoroughly be would send to Sicily for am expert to teach the business to American workers. Colonel Heath has abundant means to work with and will not desist till he haa firmly established himself as tbe pioneer of the coming cit ron industry of California. Ten years heuce, when Americans are picking pieces of dilicious American citrou out of their plum puddings and fruit cakes, the man whoSe enterprize made the business possible and profitable will be remembered in connection. Profit in Capons. American Cultivator: In every branch of farming there is some method of im proving the products, and in making a specialty of some particular thing which will bring, fancy prices in the markets. Fancy fruit, thoroughbred animalß aud improved varietiea of vegetablea are all the results of study, experiment and Improvement. The capons hold the same position in the poultry business, and the result ia no lees profitable and satisfactory, t Raising capons is a profitable business, and they are now raised quite univer sally throughout the country, although for a long time "Philadelphia capons" were the only once tbat were supposed to amount to much. Thia delusion, however, no longer holds, for good ca pons will be found in every large city. The French pouitrymen caponi/.s all cockerels designed for" market, and the quality of meat there ia always superior to that in thia country. With the pro gress of the business here it will not be many yeare before the same practice will prevail in the states. If all cockerels were captionized the meat would be better, and the demand for it would be more general. Capou izing is very easily and safely performed now that Buoh handy instruments are prepared for the work. A capon must mature thoroughly before it can be sent to market. The cost ot raising tbern is no greater than for an ordinary cockerel, and the additional weight and price will always bring a larger return to the breeder. But there are other advantages. Their food does thorn more good and is not wasted by the bird running around; they are very quiet and steady, and never fight-the pullets and hens, and they ore seldom sick and ailing. They make fine nurses for email chickens, aa one bird will hover over a h-nnd o( twenty or thirty chickens, allowing the | bens time to lay and sit again. There is a little risk attending this work at first, bnt after one becomes a skillful operator, he need not lose a single cock erel during the whole year as a result of tbe operation. The best breeds for tha capons are the large Dorkings or Asiat ics, although the smaller onei may be improved or enlarged by the work. Poultrymen who have entered into the business scientifically contend tbat nothing in the poultry line pays so well as capons, and all their cockerels for the market are thue prepared. Strawberry Culture. Claremont News : Strawberries, if the right varieties are grown, can be made a very profitable business. Poor, inferior fruit always gluts a market and is a detriment totbegrower, seller and consumer. Strawberry growers should always keep posted about the best varieties for their section of tbe country. It is true that a variety that succeeds admir ably in one locality may signally fail in the next. Therefore when reading about tbe good qualities of a new strawberry, and if you wish to try it, obtain a few p'ante, anjd if it is really a desirable variety you can purchase more at tbe proper Beacon. I would never advise anybody to pur chase 100 or 1000 plants of an unknown variety; 10 or 12 plants are sufficient to test. Among varieties which I think will bo valuable for California planters. I would mention tbe Australian Everbearing, a variety introduced from Australia and very extensively cultivated in Southorn California. It is undoubtedly the ear liest variety cultivated; a heavy and prolific bearer, and in Southern Califor nia yields fruit all the year round. The berry ie very firm and an excellent ship per. It ia ot a largo size, a glowing crimson in color, very delicious, and of the beet quality. Tbe plant U strong and vigorous, with a large, perfect blos som. Young plants give two crops the same season that they are set out. A Btrawborry grower in Lob Angeles states that he picks at a single picking 25 1-pound boxes from a row of 300 plants, and repeats this every three dayß. As there are 4000 plants to tbe acre, the yield each time is immense. Mitchel's Early is a very desirable early variety. It is a strong, vigorous grower, very prolific, of highly colored and exquisitely flavored berries. It is a splendid shipper aud a general favorite in many sections. Gaudy ie a large, lata variety, with a flavor strongly suggestive of peaches and strawberries; ono of tbe very Pent for canning purposes; only au average yielder. Honey strawberries, a variety that is unrivaled for table use, ft ie ot small to medium size, very highly colored; possesses a rich, delicious, aromatic flavor, and bears fruit heavily all season long- _ lowa Beauty is of extreme and won drouß beauty, and in form aud coloring, unsurpassed. This berry has a var nished, glowing red appearance, with beautiful golden seods. The quality is delicious and among tbe best. It is also decidedly firm, and a very abundant yielder. Sanders is a Canadian berry of great promise. A celebrated Ohio strawberry grower Bays of this variety: "This was the most productive berry on my place this season, and was a great attraction to visitors. An experienced grower from an adjoining county, conceded tbat it was more productive than the Cres cent. The plant is faultless and tbe blossom porfecc, It ia very ebowy in the basket, being large end of au ex ceedingly deep, brilliant red. The first berry on the stem is of immense etze, and quite apt to be misshapen : but the bulk of tbo crop is of conical form. The flesh is red and juicy, and of a sprightly, t agreeable flavor." Triangle DeGand ia tbo favorite va riety cultivated in the Sacramento val ley, this state, and is shipped by the carload to Now York and other cities. It is very prolific and delicious and highly flavored. It ia large in size, and of a brilliant, glossy rod; it ripens at midsummer. Bush Alpines, red and white varieties; these are remarkable for their total destitution oi runners. They are very proMic ahd deliriously flavored; berries very valuable for homo uee; are very beautiful ornamental plant", and are very desirable for border plants. They are propagated by seeds and by dividing the roots. T. L. Matkins. o- Concerning the Muir Peach. Ontario Kocord: I notice from the last Record that Mr. M. Groom says that it is a question as to whether there are any genuine Muir peach trees here, which statement reflects on every nur seryman who lias sold Muir peach trees here, and we ho!d that there is not a shadow of a question its to the genuine ness of the trees sold here. Mr. Groom may bo able to tell the varieties of pouches he handles, but can ho tell a Muir peach tree in the nursery when he sees it? Every nurseryman can, The item in tho Record says that it eeems difficult to got Muir buds true to name. No such difficulty cxiate. I will furnish nny one with a million bude, guaranteed true to name, backed by a mortgage on the farm. Ab the question is regarding the genuineness of the Mair treeß plant ed here, I deem it noceasary for the pro tection of nurserymen and to allay any distrust that would naturally arise among planters from a remark of that kind, to give the origin and description of the Muir peach and the tree. This excellent peach originated with Mr. G. VV. Thiesel of Winters, Oal. It is a seedling from the early Crawford, but doea not resemble the Crawford tree. The leaf is more like a willow. The tree is an upright grower in the nursery, and baa a peculiar appearance, so that auy one can distinguish it from any other tree grown that we know of. There is as much difference between the Muir tree and the other varieties ac there ia between the lemon and the or ange tree. The fruit is often very large, and generally, in this locality, is me dium to large. It is yellow clear through; ia hot red at the pit, is sweet, a heavy drier and a good oanner. We have a good many treea in bearing here nnw. anH the fruit tsll'.ss exactly to thin description given by me. Therefore vi > THE HERALD. LOS ANGELES i SUNDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 8. 1893 have as much positive proof of the genu ineness of the trees planted here as we have of any other variety, Mr. Groom's question to tbe contrary notwithstand ing. Respectfully, J, W. McFatbidqb, Mistakes With Poultry. The man who pnts 15 eggs under a hen, instead of II or 13, so as to make sure of a good lot of chickens, wants more than ha will get. We don't like to deal with that kind of a person, be cause he displays greediness in the first place and lack of good chicken sense in tbe second place. A hen will in nine cases out of ten batch more chickens from 13 eggs than from 15 eggs, simply from the fact that not more than or two hens in a dozen ordinary farmyard hens are large enough to cover 15 eggs. Another mistake consists in consoli dating broods by giving all the chickens to one hen when two or more hatch at the same time. Don't do it. It may seem all right, but it is all wrong. In warm, dry weather the large broods may do fairly well, but just let a rainy, chilly spell come along and then see how fast the smaller and weaker ones drop out of the race. Let each hen have her chick ens. It would be much better, and tbe chickens would grow faster and larger if each brood consisted of seven or eight chickens. There is no disguising tbe fact tbat tbe secret of success in poultry keeping consists in keeping all flocks small. The person who advocates putting 100 or 200 little chickens in one bunch in a brooder knows nothing about the neces sity of observing natural conditions in poultry raising. Nature intended a hen to sit on a small number of chickens only, and nature never intended 100 hens to run, nat and roost together, nor 100 chickens to be penned up together. — [Southern Cultivator. Peanuts in the Orchard. The Kern County Califomian says: "A great many people plant, peanuts in their young orchsrds in this state in order to get some Btaail return before tbe treea come into bearing. There are several methods of planting these outs, and one of the greatest complaints made is the difficulty frequently met in per suading them to get started. This may be entirely obviated by a simple and easy plan. Instead of planting the nuts whole shell them out, taking paiticular pains not to remove or break the thio, dry ekin that covers tbe kernel. When shelled, put tbe nuts in some receptacle, pour warm water—not hot—upon them and eet them away in a warm place. In about 3ti hours they will commence to sprout, aud may then be .planted, each kernel being put in place with the fingers, with spaces of about 12 inches between tbem in the rows. Every nut will grow, and there will be no un sightly gape, as is so frequently the case where other plans Of planting are adopted." SHE FOUGHT FIRE. A Plucky Santa Pauls Schoolmarm'a llrave Act. Santa Paula Chronicle: Miss Kate Steapleton, a school teacher and most estimable young lady, teaching and temporarily residing about four miles east of town came near losing her life by fire last Monday. A fire got started in tbe mountains on Sunday which ex tended to the foothills and valley and waa progressing pretty rapidly westward till it reached the vicinity referred to. Farmers and othera along the route were doing what they could to stop it, Mies Steapleton among the others. While fighting tbe fire it caught her dress and in a moment she waa partly enveloped in Dames. She threw herself to the ground and tried to extinguish "the fire but would not have succeeded bad not Henry Cook come to her assistance and in response to her request snatched the burning dress away from her, severely burning his own hands. She was seriously burned on her lower limba, bnt wa« able to walk to Mr. Cook'a bouse, not far distant. Mr.Cook came to town for Dr. Mott, who ie treat ing her. Tbe young lady ia reported as getting along quite well. It was a very narrow escape from death, and to Mr. Cook is accorded tbecreditof saving her. It ia a peculiarly sad accident, as Miss Steapleton is tbe sole support of two email orphan children, her brother and sister, and it will now be some time be fore ehe will be able to resume work. Since tbe above was written we have conversed with residents of the neigh borhood in which the accident happened, and have learned the following addition al particulars: It ia claimed that the fire started from sparks from a passing locomotive. Miss Steapleton and her school children fought tbe fire near the school bouao and saved it from destruc tion ; then they resisted its progress and saved a house belonging to T. O. Toland. Their next efforts were put lorth to save Henry Cook's place, and it was here that the fire caught the lady's clothing and caused the accident. Valuable Books Free. Subscribers to j.ue Herald who send a postal card and mention this paper are entitled to tbe following free books: Table and Kitchen, an ex cellent receipt book, address Dr. Price Baking Powder company, Chicago, III.; Mise Parloa'a Cook Book, address Dauchy & Co., 27 Park Place, New York. A receipt book showing latest receipts for making jams, jellies, preserves and pickles, can be had by sending a two cent stamp to J. C. Ayer Co., Lowell, Mass. A2-cent stamp sent to Dr. Kendall company, Enoeburg Falls, Yt., will bring a work on tbe horse and his dis eases, and 15 cents in stamps sent to H. E. Bucklin & Co., Chicago, 111., will bring a book worth $1, showing all the buildings of the world's fair and many of the exhibits. Ten cents (coin or pos tal order) sent to the American Farmer company, Springfield, 0., will bring for a year tbe American Farmer, a 16-page illustrated newspaper. This Is a Flßhtlujt Bdltor. The Gila Bend Arizonian will not issue for some time. Editor Russell has been locked up in default of $2000 bail for shooting at a man.—[Loa Angeles Times. What kind of an idea have you of Arizona newspaper men anyway ? Issue? Why, we shall continue to issue for years after the Herald shall have ceased to plant green things on your grave.—[Gila Bend Arizonian. The Illustrated Los Angeles Her ald, which is a very fine paper and suited for sending to eastern friends, can be obtained at T. McCarthy's book store, Long Beaoh. Buffalo T.othin. Woollacott, agent. TWO VETERAN NEWSPAPERMEN George W. Childs and Major Truman Meet. They Exchange Reminiscences About Papers and Hen. The Major Tall. Something- About HI. Career—Hade Lots of Money and Spent It—Bis Relations with Colonel Forney. Tbe following appeared recently in tbe Chicago Tribune: ♦Truman," eaid Thorpe, yesterday, "won't you take Mr. Cbilda down into tbe dome and show him all his plants, especially the caladiums?" It waa a pair of them, in many re spects. Each had known Grant and Johnson and Blame intimately, and multitudes of the more prominent actors between 'CI and tbe present time, and both were newspaper men, each in his own way. Everybody knows George W. Childe personally or otherwise, and Ben Truman is known as an army man, journalist and author, and as the best authority on dueling in tbe world. "So you worked for Forney in 1860 and '01?" "Yes, and there were Mike Htrt, Ringwalt, Jim Dunu, R. Shilton Mac kenzie and " "All dead—all dead—but yon and I We are still livincr; we can do n great deal of good yet. You ard I are about the came age. I was born in 182 D. How old are yon?" "I was born in 1835." "Whet have you bjon doing since you left Forney?" "Written a good mmv years for the New York Times and other leading newspapers, published 10 copyrighted books, owned daily or weekly papers in Cali'oruia nine vearß and did the liter ary work for the Smthern Pacific com pnny for 12 years." ' eiitved any money? Yon must have made a good d. .<■.!." "Have something left. Bnt I havo lived well and traveled largely and been liberal." "Family?" "Wife and daughter, whom I have fixed for life." "Did you know Townaend aud Russell Young?" * "We all three worked on the Phila delphia Preas in 1861. George was city editor. John was tbe editor, and I wae correspondent from the weetern battle field, and once in a while from Wash ington. In March, 1862, Forney got m on Andy Johnson's staff, with whom 1 staid until October, 1866, and then went to California." "Did you know Forney well?" "I should say so. Socially, yon know he was always in touch with hia em ployeea, from composition to press rooms. He sent me out to NaehvilU with Andy (then military governor) Johnson, who made me captain and provost marshal, and 1 wrote for tm Press a year for $30 a week and ex penses, and three years for the New York Times for $80 a week, and occu Bioaally wrote letters to the Chicagi Tribune for $20 each." "You made lots of money. What did you you do with it?" "Spent it." "How?" "Fine living, costly wines, good dress ing —" "You didn't spend it all in those ways?" "Nearly all." "How else did you spend so much money ?" "Oh, I don't know—various ways." "You ought to have saved some of that money, and you would have owned a big newspaper somewhere, now." ''But I always stuck up for Forney, When he and Johnson fell out Forney sent for me, and I found him in bed at the old Kirkwood hotel in one room, Logan in an adjoining room, and there were lots of bottles around, and Forney said: 'Johnson is cruel and ungrateful. Bnt I can save him if he will go half way with me in mending matters. If you cannot succeed in a mediation, then stick to Johnson, as he likes you and haa done a great deal for you.' I in formed the colonel that I could be true to Johnson and that the world could not make me unfriendly to him. I never spoke to Mr. Forney on the mat ter afterward. But iv trying to dissuade the president from referring to tbe colo nel In an unfriendly way again, be said tbat Forney bad misrepresented and traduced him, and tbat he could get along without his love—that he and Dana were mad because he would not turn over tbe New York and Philadel phia custom houses to them, and that Logan had turned against bim because he could not induce McCullough to put through a big cotton claim for him. "In January, 1870, however, I went to Washington, and Forney was making no money out of his Chronicle, and not much out of the Press, and the former waa whacking away against the Alaska Seal Fur company's tirat lease. Hay ward Hutchinson came to me one day and aeked me how much it would take to stop the Chronicle's opposition. I said Colonel Forney io poor off tor cash, and I thought $5,000 would do it. He requested me to attend to it, which I did, and made the bargain for $5,000. I handed it to Forney in the vestibule of tbe National theatre, in five one thou sand dollar bills, and he afterward tucked one of the bills in my hand, and I would not take it, as Hutchinson had paid me $1,250 for that and other ser vices. On that same evening he "loaned" an ex-member of congress from Phila delphia—Randall's predecessor—l can't think of his name, one of those bills. The last tims I saw Mr. Forney, which was in November, 1880, he asked me to go up to his bouse to dinner, and while no one was in our way he stopped short and said : Thurman, let us go over to New York and console Hancock. He is heart-bro ken. We took tbe first train and arrived at Governor's island late at night, and there were a good many sorrows drowned in tho flowing bowl before morning. "There never was a more libaial man or a truer friend than Forney. He would raise a thousand dollars, say, ior some pressing uee and loan it to some one harder up before he reached the cor ner. A short time before ho died be wrote to me and aaid tbat he owed $3400 and that no one would trust bim, not even the butcher, tbe baker, or tbecan- diestick-maker. tie wanted $5000; bo I sot ell of his bills down to those oi too butcher, the baker and the candlestick maker, and paid them, and sent him the balance of the $5000, then went and saw Dan Dougherty and said to him, 'Dan, Forney once paid $25,000 to make good the defalcation of a check. The gov ernment had no claim on that. You go down to Washington and get tbat money back, and send for me if necessary.' We got tbe $25,000 back, and we paid all ordinary just debts, whicb took $20,000, and I took the balance—ssooo—and put it out for Mrs. Forney, and she is today drawing 8 per cent on it, which ia a mo dicum, at least." "You ought to write a book of remin iscences," Mr. Childs. "I have pub lished a book of recollections, and I shall take pleasure in send ing you one upon my return to Phila delphia. Mr. Thorpe tells me that you are writing a book on the world's fair. I shall want to purchase three of them —one for my home, one for the Ledger office and one for the Drezel library. We shall not live to see this great expo sition duplicated, and as an appreciation of what Chicago has done in building this fair I am going to present the city with everything 1 have here, and some of the palms are es fine as any in Amer ica, and the collection of caladiums is tbe finest. No city in the world will get up an exhibition to equal this. No city but Chicago could do it. Phila delphia could not get up anything on bo graud a scale, and New York wouldn't. Chicago is going to be the biggest city in our country riefore I die. If I were a young man. though, I would not etop in Chicago. I would go right straight to the Btate of Washington, whioh ie the Pennsylvania of the Pacific elope. Cali fornia is charming, and I was sorry I could not l'o into the southern portion. 1 believe the midwinter fair will be a pretty continuation of thie, and I hope it will be successful. I shall stay here a week yet. I could stay here a year. I am proud of Chicago and what it haa dono for the world. My plants are all in txcuileut order. I knew they would he, and I would iiave sent more if Thorpe had asked for thorn. Thorpe is the great est horticulturist ibat has ever lived. He id a genius and no mistake. I ex pected great things from him, but he has surpassed my expectation*. 1 wish every man, woman and child tn America could see ttiis fair. None oi U9 may ccc its like again." THE WOMAN'S PARLIAMENT. Preparations for the Session to be Held this Week. The Woman's Parliament will be held at the Firet M. E. church on the 10th and 11th instant. All women are cor dially invited to be present at any and all meetings of the parliament. Those interested in maintaining such an or ganization in Southern California are invited to become members. Duea (to cover postage and printing), 50 cents per annum. All memberships become due at this session of the parliament. Each meet ing will begin promptly at tho time specified, and courtesy demands that special attention be paid to the hours o! opening. The Ladies' Aid Bocietv of the First M. E. church, will serve a 2o cent lunch each day in the basement of the church for the convenience of their guests—the visitors and members of the Women's < Parliament. Mrs. J. W. Campbell, who speaks on Tuesday evening on "Woman as a Fac tor in>Economica," will go north on the 10:45 train in order to tako part in the state missionary meeting of tbe if. E. church, in session at San Jose. Mrs. Georgia A. Matdeld, member of tbe board of education of San Diego, who speaks on "Necessary Reforms in Public 8choole," goes north on the same train in order to attend to her duties as Grand Matron of the ordor of the East ern Star. , In order to take part in the business meeting of the parliament at 10 a. m. Tuesday, many viaitora will arrive on Monday. Among this number will be Mrs. E J. Davis of Riverside, who will be enter tained by her sister at 432 Hooe etrost. Mra. Margaret E. Parker, Riveralde, entertained by Mrs. Kate Hogan, Waah ington etreet. Mrs. F. D. Ashleiph, Oceanside, enter tained by Mrs. Pascoe, Hotel Lincoln. Miss Wade, Montecito, and Mrs. Mary E. Ashley, Santa Barbara, to be guests of Mrs. Charlotte Wills, Fort Hill. Mrs. Grace Knepper of Santa Barbara to be entertained-by Mrs. T. D. Stimson, 2421 Figuero street, and Mrs. Georgia A. Matfield of San Diego by Mrs. D. G. Stephens. Mrs. Flora Haines Longhead of Santa Barbara and Mrs. T. B. Shepherd of Ventura are to be with Mrs. Galpin for tbe session, Rev. Florence Kolloch ot Paaadena, Mrs. Car) Shulze of San Diego and Mrs. J D. Blackman of Orange will be tbe guests of Mrs. Thomas D. Stimson. Mrs, Wade of Montecito has already arrived and is with her sister, Mrs. Wills. Mrs. Elise Aubert of Anaheim and Mrs. Lizzie Meeerve of Pomona will be gnests of Mrs. Thomaa Barnard, 921 South Hill. Mrs. C. H. Keyes of Paaadena and Mra. Lizzie Hill Mills of Santa Ana are to be entertained by Mrs. Wm. Fergu son, 303 South Hill Btreet. Rev. Ruth Ridgea and Dr. Rachel Reid are to be entertained by Mrs. Ver non, Hill etreet. Mra. Scipio Craig of Redlands by Mrs. E. J. Wells, on Sixth street. Mrs. T. Hughes Lodge of Santa Mon ica by Mra. Felix Howes. Mrs. Emily Brady of Pomona and Mrs. C. W. Skelton of Santa Ana by Mrs. Harriet L. Baker, Fort Hill. Mrs. Charles Erskine, Mrs. Bent and Mrs. Judßon of Pasadena by Mrs. Frank A. Gibson. Dr. Spanlding of the Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital, Mrs. Bond and Mra. Edward Wixon of Santa Barbara will be in attendance, aleo Mrs. John D. Par ker of San Diego. The ittaaaes. the Asses. It aeema so very lunny— To a man who ttas no monav. Ali this bugaboo »1 sliver being N. Q,i We'd be willing, quite, to uk : It, Trie only trouble is to make it, Don't you see? We all know how it Is When we need It in oar biz, And mate an uigent call upon the banks; Jjoa't we have to bog to get it, You bet, and don't forget it, Or your thanks. Then, bow about this howl? And the .old-bug*, cry oi "foul?" Do they think un nil a lot of loollsh asset? Silver's good enough for a I, they think tbey have "ihe call" On the masses. —John Victor Cablop. Place in town for fish, game, oystorß.'ctc, Fred llunniman's. Mott uiarkeu PART II- -PAGES 9 TO 16. MATTERS AT THE CHICAGO FAIR The West Pointers Were the Great Attraction. Architecture of Government Build ings Open to Criticism. Tile Departure or the Cadets for Their School—Features of the Exhibits of the Various Departments of the Government, Special correspondence to the Hikald. Chicago, Oct. 1, 1892. While Uncle Sam's toy aoldiere were in camp at Jackson park, the plaza of the government building waa the moat popular epot on the ground. All the pretty gitla and a great many other girla from far and near thronged in that neighborhood every day at dreaa parade and drill boura and the poor boys in Ferris wheel hats, i. c., cartwheel straws, dwindled into significance and were no longer Been while there was a single West Pointer in view. Kvery one tried his best to amuße the children while they were here and from tbe balls, re ceptions, teas, banquets, regattas and other entertainments that were given in their honor, it ia feared that military tactics and army rations will be found far more distasteful now tbat the cadets have left tbe rippling Lake Michigan and placid lagoons for the majestic Hud son, The palisades and haunts of Rip Nan Winkle and old Hendrick and hia crew are all very well, but after the fair it will be like looking through the wrong end of a field glass. But now tbat tho infant warriors have broken camp and sadly departed, marching awny to the tune of Cne Girl I Left Be hind Me, tbe crowds have abandoned the green award aurrounding the build ing and waete little attention on the former campus. There are only two buildings upon the grounds whose beauty and exactness of architecture have been questioned and unfortunately they both bear American uainee, and one ia tbe government building. Of bourse the nine principal buildings are strictly American, but to have to point out thia to visiting for eigners aa "our" building, is rather hu miliating. For it seema that there ia something radically wrong with the dome and such tbingß are reckoned al most criminal here. If attention were directed to its general contour one might object to tbe port hole like window?, the peppor-box apex or its extreme height or awkwardness, but not consider it at all seriously. The building proper is of the most classic style, ie 350x420 feet, and most admirab y eituated. The dome struc ture ia spoken of as the semi-sperical put to ai (?), and is 120 feet in diameter, rising to the height of 276 feet to the top of the flagstaff which ornaments the crown, tiiis being the highest point reached by any building in the park. Thirty foot eaglea and groups of statu ary surmount the four 85-foot entrancee, and the walls are tinted a delightful clay color, with slate-painted roof, which was originally done in a brick hue. But whatever haa been said aa to tbe defective architecture, the display ia frankly acknowledged to bo moat credit able. Every department under govern ment jurisdiction haa apace in Brother Jonathan's show house, and thus there is cure to be something to interest everyone. Tbe exhibita include thoae ol tbe postoffice, war, agricultural, inte rior, state, justice, treasury, patent office, ordnance and quartermasters' de partments, the fish commission, Smith sonian institute, the mint, coast and geodetic survey, supervising architect of toe treasury, bureau of engraving and printing, bureau of statistics, life-saving and lighthouse boards, marine hospital and medical .bureau. There is also a aeparate exhibit of the navy on the brick battleahip Illinois, the other an nexes being a 110-foot lighthor.se, life saving station, model army hoapital, naval observatory, Indian school, small camp and a weather bureau with ma chines in full operation. The colonial display, Indian section of the Smithsonian, fish hatchery and dead letter office seem to attract the greatest crowds, for the majority of world's fair visitors are ruralites who have never been privileged to visit the splendid museums at the national cap ital, from which places the bulk of the exhibits here are drawn. The samples sent by the poatal department of the heterogeneous collection held at the dead letter office in Washingion is a never ending source of amusement to the wondering Bight-seers, ' who stop, gaze, comment and make fun of any rational person who would send live horned toads, bricks, Bkulla, molaaees candy, snakes, rag dolls, Indian scalps and everything else on earth, in air or sea through the mails, under the seal of a Columbian stamp. Hatchets, feather fane, human ears, false teeth, wedding cake, daggers, pistols, staffed birds, raisins, sunbonnets, alligators, watches, false frizzes, bustles and all the odds and ends of civilization and barbarism thrown together, probably forms the most varied collection ever conceived of in the brain of a maniac faddist. Not far from these cases and in the same department are complete sets of all the stamps of the world down to date, and those afflicted with the stamp craze have much to study and covet. Numismatists congregate near here to enjoy the gold, silver, copper and paper moneys, ancient and modern, that Uncle Sam has so beautifully arranged for them. The war department ahowa uniformed and armed figures representing the vari ous ranks of infantry, cavalry and artil ery. In the ordnance section are all kinds of cannon, from the 50-ton gnn down to the smallest known howitzer, including every make and variety of firearms and also a full lineof gun-work ing machinery in operation. There ia a line grouping of valuable and bullet ridden battle flags, portraits of the presi dents, of the seven chief justices, the attorney-generals, distinguished Ameri can statesmen and all the original his toric documents appertaining to the formation of the republic. The north pole expeditious are brought forward most prominently in oil paintings, relics and a most realistic reproduction of Arctit sceuery with General Greely, hie men and dogs looking most lifelike. The Srnithaouian section ia always packed with people, for hero it ia that one is tempttd to linger tne longest, be ing more familiar with tbe zoological and ethnological exhibita than with patents, search ligbta, potato bags and auch things. Dr. Hammond has said that it took more genius to be a success ful taxidermist than a painter and here their full skill has been exercised. You run into a family of mountain sheep peacefully grazing on their native hill aide only to turn and meet the steady gaze of a mommeth walrus who has foundered out of the Bea to sun himself on a rock, eoft-eyed seal and tbe almost extinct buffalo, antelope, bears, wolves and all the "small fry" down to field mice are shown looking as much at home in their present sur roundings as in tbe places they were found when captured. And the birds, one could wander from case to case for hourß, for each feathered little songster and bird of passage sits con tentedly in her nest or carols blithely from a bough just as seen in garden,wood or mooland. Birds from every part of America, birds from all the islands of the Pacific and Atlantic, tropica); arctic, and every bird, with earth-treading feet or cloud-cleaving wings, peeps from 'midst leafy branches, cottage eaves, tangled fieid graeaes and every other spot where they are known to live, nest or brood. The collection is without doubt the finest in thia country, and In fact, in the world, barring the Kensing ton National History museum in Lon don, which has perhaps a larger Bhowing of each specie, and haß had a greater length of time in the completion.of so stupendous an undertaking. It has been said that our beneficent Uncle Samuel, whose display this is, never goes to a world's fair just to amuse people, that he always aims to instruct when he exhibits, therefore the man who has only seven days wherein to see all tbat in the exposition is, must neces sarily ekip a great deal in many of the departments. Musty old statistic!, somebody's great-grandmother's silver teapots with pedigrees a mile long, mod els of fortifications, dams, jetties and leveee, the number of bushels of wheat produced to the acre in various soils, new systems of census-taking, cliff dweller research, fish ekinß and reports of the different bureaus from the time of Washington down. He had better not try to make out the subjects and motives of some of the mural paintings either —ac the fair closes at high noon, October 31, 1893. G. T. A JUDGMENT AFFIRMED. The Supreme Court Decides a Ventura County Case. An opinion was received by Deputy Supreme Court Clerk Sesnon yesterday in the case of Geo. W. Adair, appellant, vs. Frank M. White et al., respondent, affirming the judgment and order of the superior court of Ventura county. It was a suit in ejectment for certaii lands claimed to be a part of the Kanuho Santa Paula y Saticoy in Ventura connty. The controlling question in the case was the location of the southerly line of the rancho. The supreme court says that when the case waa before it before on appeal, the conrt remanded it for a new trial, on the principle that a certain point fixo 1 by the calls of the patent should be as certained. When the case came on again for iri tl in the superior court, the greater na tion of the testimony was directed '.•> establishing the location of the p.oik. upon the Punta de Loma bill at whi,:n the stake marked "S. P. 14" hau b, on placed, and from the evidence belote it the court found this point waa so located that a line drawn from it to "8. P. 13" lay north of the lands occupied by the defendants, and thereupon rendered judgment in their favor. The court says that it waa called upon to ascertain in what point of the Punta hill the station "8. P. 14" had been placed, and was not required to place it at tbe southernmost point of the Punta itself. It holds that for this purpose it waa proper to receive in evidence and con sider the field notes and description in the patent for the adjoining rancho, Santa Clara del Norte. The boundaries of these two ranchos are coincident for a distance of several miles, and were surveyed by the same surveyor, at about the same time, in December, 1860; and it appears from the field notes of the Rancho Santa Clara del Norte that the Santa Paula rancho waa first sur veyed. As the station S. C. N. 4 in thia rancho was identical with S. P. 14 of the! Santa Paula rancho, it was competent \ to show to show the location of S. P. 14 by re-establishing S. C. N. 4 in accord ance with the calls and monuments referred to in the patent. If this station could be thus re-estab lished it would fix the place "on point of hill known as Punta del Loma," which had been designated aa station S, P. 14, and where the stake had been set. That the evidence introdnced for this purpose tended to locate S. 0. N. 4 at a point from which a line drawn to S. P. 13 would exclude the land of the defendants waa not seriously controvert ed ; and the finding of the court to that effect, says the supreme court, must be determinative of that proposition. None of tbe exceptions taken were regarded as of a character to have affected the conclusions reached by the superior court. The judgment and order are, affirmed. COURT NEWS. 1 turns of Interest Obtained In Various Tribunals—New Oases. A complaint was filed against Joseph Santone in Justice Bartholomew's court yesterday by W. J. Stevens, charging him with battery. Mary A. Ward waa adjudged insane by Judge Van Dyke yesterday and com mitted to the asylum at Highland. J. M. Haley was arraigned upon a charge of forgery before Judge Shaw yes terday and tbe time for him to plead waa continued to October 16th. Miss Emily Stevenson waa admitted to citizenship yesterday by Jndge Shaw. In department five of the superior court yesterday Judge Snaw ordered all matters set for the calendar on October Oth continued until October 10th. NEW CASES. Preliminary papers were filed in the county elerk'a office yesterday in the fol lowing new cases: Divorce proceedings have been com menced by Mrs. Mary Escalier vs. Louis Escalier, Mrs. Nellie J. West vs. frank J. West, Mrs. Mary Wadeworth vs. Marehman Wadeworth, C. J. Hubbs vs. Mrs. Emma J. Hubbs. H. Hart vs. Thomas Menzies, jr., et n1 _ ; foraelrtKiirn gijifr- for $100. DuttVa pure Malt at Woollacott's.