FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH
ERN CALIFORNIA: FAIR WEATH
ER; SLIGHTLY WARriER; WEST
TO NORTH WINDS.
VOL. XLI. NO 41.
X TO THE GREAT DEMAND
We were obliged to order five cases of
They are now in. These goods are strictly all-wool,
with long cape, at the very low price of $5.
With Each Coat You Also Get a Ticket
Making You a Participant in Our
TWENTYFIVE MAGNIFICENT GIFTS
Have the boys look at the two fine bicycles.
With the above goods we have also received another
invoice of those very popular
ALL-WOOL MEN'S SUITS
AX $10 AND $12.
Mullen, Bluett i Co.
CORNER SPRING AND FIRST STREETS.
138-140-14.2 SOUTH MAIN STREET.
FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS!
WI »nOW AN ELEGANT LIKE OF
WHITE CHINA — DECORATING
Onr Latest Importations from Limoffes, France, Karlsbad and
Teplitz, Bohemia, etc., have just arrived and are 011 display. A
full line of La Croix's Faints, etc.
World's Fair Coovention of the Photographs Assoc'b.
|The ONLY Photographer ot tho P.ctfle C.iast Exhibitors Receiving an Award.]
WORLD'S FAIR MEDAL OF HONOR.
Fonr Silver First-Prize Medals, San Francisco, February, 1893.
All Premiums and Diplomas Awarded at Late Los Anyeles Fair*
STUDIO 220 SOUTH SPRING ST.
OPP. LOS ANGELES THEATER AND HOLLgNBBOK.
SUCCESSORS TO BAILEY & BARKER BROS.
Stimson Block, Corner of Third and Spring Streets.
, We Call Attention to a New Carload ot the
\ NEW WELCH FOLDING B,ED
\ 1 J 7 nJli l a,t teceUed. Take a look at them. We"
\\ t\ " li—yk3« /vC have a whole wlnaow lull— ill kind? and
\\\ combinations, with secrocsr.es, hook cases,
chiffoniers, sldeboarrls, c tc. They .in- beau-
\kM „ tIBII > no mUiako; aud they are seiltnc, 100.
LTIiM. V&«4 Already a good pan of ille car is gone.
sa fr^ = \£aS There is reisou why the Welch should be
1 I JQeSr >' ,ilir 'tis* pretty bed; take one that
V J"* AiL- \rWrnuiVP-''4Dt\ combines the book case, secretary, ciil ffon
f?Sv"»»L a, A> «3ft ier i;ini bed, and it furnishes a room nicely.
*V~ But lis best pnlnt Is its safety—no accident
Vat "-~»E?jl! t \M ever happened with a Welch bed. We all
J*\ :ism — know this cannot be said ol alt beds. As
,_f £ . you value your life and the life of your
~ fnf 1 ,asw loved ones, be careful in this r»gard—when
y -_r \ '° buying a Folding Bid to get a SAFE one.
*"■-—-«—«* Come and see the Welch.
The STANDARD Sewintr Machine took
first prize at the World's Fair. Fa-test!
Quietest! Easiest on earth! Try it and
yon will surely buy it. WILLIAMSON
BROS.' MUSIC STORE, 327 S. Spring st.
KINGSLEY & BARNES,
WEDDING INVITATIONS, ETC.,
VISITING <: AKDB, ETC.
ill Hew Hi?h Street, Fulton Block,
Mau jTiaublln et., ground floor, Tel. 417,
GLASS & LONG.
TEMPLE AND NEW HIGH STS.
Tel. 535, 112-7 ly] LOS ANGELES,
LOS ANGELES; TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 21, 1893.
EVANS BEFORE THE BAR.
The Trial of the Celebrated
Three Indictments Pending
The First Charge Is the Murder of
Boomers Hsrs Their Innings In Spo
kane, Wash.—Arizona Jotting;!.
Grima In San Franolaoo.
By the Associated Press.
Fresno, Nov. 20.—The case of the
people against Christopher Evans for
the murder of Victor Wilson was called
at 10 o'clock this morning before Judge
H. K. Harris, The prosecution an
nounced themselves ready for the trial.
The defense was not ready and asked
for a continuance till next Friday.
Judge Harris denied the motion for a
because the trial bad
already been set for 6'J days, and he
would not give farther time. The work
of examining jurors was then proceeded
with. Up to the hour of adjournment
seven were examined, one being passed.
All these, but this one, said they had
made up their minds for or against tbe
defense. Tney had read newspaper re
ports and tbe testimony could not
change their opinion. One juror, Wil
liam Main, aaid he had come to a deci
sion in favor of Evans. But few ques
tions were asked by the defendant's
attorney, and these gave no indication
what the defense would be.
The crime for which Evans is now on
trial is the murder of Victor Wilson at
Young's cabin, September 11, 1892.
There are three charges against him,
all by indictmenl found by the grand
jury in September, 1892. There is an
indictment for the murder of Wilson,
one for the murderof McGinnis, and one
for the Collis train robbery.
The trial at present ie for the murder
of Wiibon. It ie tbe same in substance
aa the murder ot McGinnis, and the
same testimony will apply to both cases.
Victor Wilson was a deputy United
States marshal from Arizona and was in
charge of a posse of nine persons who
pursued Evans and Sontag to Sampson
flat early in September.
A Rancher Shot by a Man Whom He
Hefrteuded —Criminals Sentenced.
Puienix, Ariz., Nov. 20.—Sam Gentry,
a raucfier.living near the city, was shot
twice yesterday by D. Brown. One bal
struck his forehead but glanced and did
nbt enter the skull; the other broke his
left arm. Oentry will recover. Brown
was recently tried for horsa stealing, but
was released on the evidence of Gentry.
The shooting resulted over a quarrel
between Mrs. Oentry and Brnwn. When
Gentry entered tbe room Bruwn began
In the district court today Chief Jus
tice Baker sentenced Fred Subaffer, con
victed of manslaughter, for aaveu years
and seven months, for killing Judge
Richards; Lee Burton, manslaughter,
three years and seven months, for kill
ing Lee Rine; Tom Sims, one year, for
burglary : Charles H. Bray, one year
for stealing a hog.
Ex-Oovernor N. O. Murphy, after an
absence of six months in .\«w York, re
turned to Phueuix yesterday. He sayß
a heavy force of men will commence
immediately to complete the Santa Fe,
!'L" nix and Preecott railroad. Men,
teams and rails are en route. The road
Will be completed in one year.
A Wild Sornmble for T*own Jbots In
Sfokanb, Wash., Nov. 20. —When the
city awoke this morning it was con
fronted by an extraordinary spectacle.
Daring the night 250 "boomers" had
rushed in and located lots on the tract
known as Shantytown, owned by the
Northern Pacific railroad and situated
in the heart oi the city, bordering right
npon the business district. This large
tract was long in dispute. Several years
ago it was jumped by squatters, but
three years ago tbe interior department
decided against them and they were
ousted. The recent decisions by the
secretary of the interior, adverse to the
railroad, respecting lieu land selections,
started a rumor that this tract had
reverted to the government, and this
led to a etampede for lots. Daylight
brought renewed activity, and before 9
o'clock at least 700 men had Btaked out
lots. Policemen caught the infection
and joined in the work of grabbing.
During the day Shantytown waa a scene
of great activity—hundreds of men
stood guard over their claims. Tonight
bonfires dot the site. It is not believed
the jumpers have cause for retaining
DRANK HIMSELF TO DEATH.
Doath at Saa from the Effects of a Pro-
Santa Barbara, Nov. 20. —The schoon
er Herman, Captain Isaacson, from San
Francisco, bound for the north coast of
Japan, put in here today. The schooner
left San Francisco on the 13th inst on a
seal hunting , expedition. When out
over 200 miles a hunter named Felix
Leseur was taken violently ill with
symptoms of poisoning, The captain
turned back and reached this port this
afternoop. Leseur died three hours be
fore the vessel reached here. Tbe cap
tain said he thought Leseur was drugged
in San Francisco before he shipped on
the Herman. Most of the sailorß were
drunk, but it was supposed they would
be eober next day. Leseur grew worse,
with the results stated above. Captain
Isaacson reported to the government of
An examination of the body of the
dead sailor by physicians resulted in the
decision that death was caused by a
protracted spree while on shore.
ACTED IN SELF-DEFENSE.
A Restaurant Keeper Killed by His Dis
San Francisco, Nov. 20.—James H.
Smith, keeper of a cheap restaurant at
108 Berry Btreet, was stabbed in the
abdomen tbis evening by a cook, Ernest
Favre, receiving injuries from which he
died at the receiving hospital a few
minutes later. Smith discharged the
cook, who refused to leave the restau
rant until he wae paid the wages due.
Smith then assaulted Favre and the
stabbing ensued. Favre was arrested
for murder, but claims he acted in self
Sale of the San Simeon Stud.
San Francisco, Nov. 20.—The clear
ance sale of stallions and brood rnaree
from tbe San Simeon stud of the late
Senator Hearst took place this afternoon.
A great number of breeders were in at
tendance. The average price was the
largest ever realized at such a sale in
California. Paloma, dam of Armitage,
brought $2500; Coset, a chestnut mare,
brought $5000; Surnara, a bay horse,
brought $3boo. Over 30 head were dis
Forty-two head brought the total of
$40,721, an average a bit short of $970.
The average was reduced by the sale of
one or two crippled animals and an old
mare or two. The rsally well-bred
mares averaged about $1500.
Stephen Toole Acquitted..
Boston, Nov. 20.—After an exciting
session tbe bearing on the charge of
murder presented against Stephen
Toole, who was supposed to have caused
the death of his mother and sister by
putting poison in a bottle of porter,
Judge Wilson ordered the discharge of
the prisoner. The prosecution's case
wae weak from tbe start.
THE PKEY OF FLAMES.
A DISASTROUS FIRE AT BIRMING-
Many Costly Villas Laid in Ashes—A
Fatal Tenement Flra at Lewiston,
Me.—Lumber and Railroad
Birmingham, Ala., Nov. 21.—At this
hour, 2:20 a. m., -onesville, a thriving
Buburb of this city, is on fire. A dozen
costly villas are in ashes, others are on
fire and the wind is blowirg 50 miles an
hour. The damage, if the wind contin
ues, will reach $800,000. The fire de
partment is powerless to handle the
flames, . " 9
Chicago, Nov. 21.—1t is impossible to
get further particultuß of the Birming
ham, Ala., fire tonight. At Nashville it
is not thought the loss can be anything
like as great as reported in the first bul
letin, as the vaiue of the property in
the suburbs is not thought to aggregate
Lewiston, Me., Nov. 20.—Fire this af
ternoon destroyed a tenement block on
Oxford street. Mrß. Albert Dubois and
two children, 3 and 5 years old, in the
upper part of the tenement, were un
able to escape, and all were smothered
Big Rapids, Mich., Nov. 20. —An in
cendiary fire at Keno Saturday night
destroyed $200,000 worth of lumber.
Paw Paw, Mich., Nov. 20.—The Tole
do and South Haven railroad round
bouse, with three locomotives, burned;
THUS NATIONAL OKAMSI.
Offloers Elected—An Kqual Suffrage Res
Syracuse, N. V., Nov. 20.— The Na
tional Orange today elected officers as
follows: .Master, J. H. Brigbam of
Ohio; overseer, E. W. Davie of Cali
fornia; lecturer, Alpha Messner of Ver
mont; steward, A. M. Belcher of Rhode
Island; chaplain, S. L. Wilson of Mis
sissippi; treasurer, Mrs. E. L. McDowell
of New York:; secretary, John Trimble
of the District of Columbia; gatekeeper,
W. E. Harbough of Miesonri; Ceres,
Mrs. M. S. Rhone of Kansas; Flora,
Mrs. Anna L. Bull of Minnesota; lady
assistant steward, Mrs. Amanda Harton
of Michigan. Tbe executive committee
Ie: H. H. Hutchinson of Virginia and
J. J. Woodman of Michigan.
An equal suffrage resolution, offered
by Mrs. W. O. Gifford, was adopted.
Fatal Result of an Attempt to Steal a
New Alhafy, Ind., Nov. 20.—Joseph
M. Graft, a merchant of this city, who
lives a mile and a half out, was sent for
tonight by his wife, who informed him
she bad discovered a scheme to kidnap
their only child, 12 years old. Craft
and a party of friends secreted them
selves near tbe house and when Stephen
Whiteinan, Charles Compton, Mason
White and another appeared to capture
tbe girl, Cralt shpt into them and killed
Stephen Whiteman, who gave his pals
away. The object was to secure the
child and obtain a large reward for her
return. Tbe others were arrested and
jailed. Mob violence is expected. Pub
lic sentiment is high.
Chattanooga, Term., Nov. 20. —In the
Unitea States circuit court here this
morning receivers were appointed for
the Hast Tennessee Land company of
Harritnan. The assets of the company
are estimated at about a million and a
quarter, and tbe liabilities are estimated
at about a million and a half.
Earthquake In Pernla.
London, Nov. 20.—A dispatch says
the town of Kuchan, Persia, was two
thirds destroyed by an earthquake.
All desiring a correct fit and first-class
work in merchant tailoring call on H
A. Getz, 112 W. Third st.
Fine work and stylish ehspea. Take
felt and straw hats to Thurston's straw
works, 261 S. Main st., opposite Third.
LEHIGH VALLEY STRIKERS.
An Attempt to Lead Them
Into a Trap.
Offers Made to Barn Bridges
The Leaders Refuse to Take the
Destruction of Property Discounten
anced by the Men—The Strike Com
plete on Nearly All Divisions
of the System.
Bythe Associated Press.
Philadelphia, Nov. 20. —The general
grievance committee claim that over
tures were made to Chairman Wilkins,
of the Lshigh Valley strikers today, by
alleged detectives who offered to burn
bridges and biow up roundhouses. They
were ordered out of the house. The
names of the men are given as Howard
B. Jones and Atkinson. Jones aaid he
had formerly been an employee of the
railroad as a detective and wanted to
get even. Wilkins claims the men are
employees of the Lehigh Valley, and
that they are carrying out tbe pro
gramme of the employers laid down for
them, and that if the committee had
agreed to the proposition, all bands
would now be under arrest.
Jersey City, N. J., Nov. 20.—The
strike on the Lehigh Valley is now com
plete. The men in Jersey City had no
grievance whatever, but all quit work
on orders from tbe federated order of
trainmen. Hardly a wheel was turned
over the tracks of the central yards to
This morning strikers congregated at
the Johnson avenue bridge and threw
stones at the men in charge of the
engines. An extra force of police was
sent there and to the yards.
Flemisgton, N. J., Nov. 20.—A1l trains
on tbe Fiemington branch of the Le
high Vbiley road are running on regular
time. The strike is spreading to other
parts of the New Jersey division.
Buffalo, N. V., Nov. 20.—The major
ity of the trainmen on the Lehigh Val
ley road are not at work here, but there
Beems to be doubt whether they have
really decided to strike. Their Btrike
will be purely in sympathy with the
men on the Northern division, and
Borne are antagonistic to the idea of re
maining out. The men held a meeting
today and it is thought by the railroad
officials that they will decide to return
to work; If not, tne railroad officials
say they will begin at once to fill the
places oi the absentees.
Passenger trains are moving without
interruption. The officials are devoting
their energies to keeping perishable
freight moving and claim - they have
enough men at work to keep the yards
clear. About half of the firemen on the
northern division are out, hut the com
pany's officials do not believe the engi
neers will strike. Only three telegraph
era are out on that division. The com
pany claims to have numerous applica
tions for the strikers' places.
Rochester, N. V., Nov. 20.—M. J.
Lawler, chairman of the Auburn divis
ion of tbe Lehigh, reports that since 12
o'clock midnight Sunday two passenger
trains have moved and freight from con
necting lines is refused by the road
Wilkebbarre, Pa., Nov. 20.—Every
thing is quiet along the line of tbe Le
high Valley road. Strikers have as
sembled at the depot, but are orderly.
They have patrols out to prevent evil
disposed persons from causing wrecks or
damage to passenger trains, which are
running, though much behind schedule
time. Tbe officials expect to break the
strike within 24 bonrs, but the strikers
say there will be no break.
Easton, Pa., Nov. 20.—The Lehigh
Valley road has served notice on the
authorities of the counties and towns
through which the road passes that
they will be expected to preserve peace
and protect the company's property
should the strikers resort to violence.
There ib no change in the situation.
Reports of Farther Knsrasrementa—No
Mercy for Rebela.
Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Nov. 20. —
Thare are reports of further engage
ments between revolutionists and fed
eral troops. The situation is favorable
to the revolutionists, as the country in
which they are operating is in sympa
thy with them and is difficult of access
to troops on account of its natural
roughness and snow. Palomas and
Concepcion have been invaded and tbe
former completely looted. President
Diaz has ordered that all revolutionists
caught be shot like dogs. At every
town along the river secret agents are
enlisting recruits, and spies of the gov
ernment are marking suspects to be
arrested and put to death.
Another Serious Disaster at Goat Isl
and, K. I.
Newport, E. 1., Nov. 20.—Goat Isl
and, the Bite of the United States gov
ernment torpedo station, was the scene
of another disaster this afternoon.
Seven workingmen engaged in making
an excavation for the erection oi a gun
cotton factory were buried under a
dozen feet of earth through the caving
in of the bank. John McGregor was
killed outright, and two more will prob
ably die from tbeir injuries. The re
maining men were all painfully hurt.
Keadjr for the Start.
New York. Nov. 20.—Everything is
in readiness ior the great match race to
morrow afternoon between the famous
trotters Directum and Alix at Fleetwood
park. .Both great racers are in prime
condition. Today the trotters were
given a final spin, both making a splen
did showing. The track at Fleetwood
is in excellent shape. - . ,
THE SILVER FIGHT.
Bland and His Colleagues Ready to Re
same the Straggle.
Washington, Nov. 20.—The silver
men propose to renew the silver fight as
soon as congress meets. Bland says suf
ficient time has elapsed since the repeal
of the Sherman law to show that
it was not responsible for the bard
timeß, and that its repeal, instead
of helping matters, has made them
worse by contracting tbe currency and
making it harder for the debtor class to
pay. He says be has private assur
ances from a large number of those
who voted for repeal to make it evi
dent he can get a majority in tbe house
for free coinage, and he has prepared a
bill for early introduction which
is a practical revival of the
free - coinage law of 1837, and
makes silver coins of all de
nominations free legal tender to any
amount. It is his purpose not to push
this bill at once, but to allow first a rea
sonable time for the passage of the
tariff bill. He thinks there should be
a heavy reduction in the tariff and a
large income tax imposed.
KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
Another Stormy Session of the General
Philadelphia, Nov. 20.—The general
assembly of the Knights of Labor held
another stormy session today, and the
lie was passed more than once between
administration and anti-administration
delegates. General Master Workman
Powderly accused James A. Wright of
giving away the secrets of tbe order.
Wright denied tbe accusations vigorous
ly. A resolution requesting the resigna
tion of all the general officers was pre
sented today and referred to the com
mittee on resolutions. The administra
tion is still defiant. All are disturbed
over the fact that their proceedings have
been published despite the efforts to
THE SITUATION AT RIO.
THE REBEL SQUADRON IN A
No ■■cape from the Harbor Conildered
Possible — The Nloth.roy Starts
South—Prince Pedro Sail*
New Yobk, Nov. 20.—The Herald
publishes a telegram from Peixoto's
minister of foreign affairs, nnder date of
Bio, November 20th, as follows:
The rebel squadron remains in our
port, which it will find difficult to va
cate, considering the precautions taken
by tbe government. Fort Villegagnon
ie almost in rums, and responds feebly
to the fire of tho loyal forts. The col
umns oi the army continue in active
operation, and are rapidly converging at
Desterro. The column of the south
destroyed tbe rebel forces which were
trying to occupy a point on the main
land held by the government. The
rebels have exhausted the pecuniary
resources which they pillaged irom the
federal offices of Desterro.
Paris, Nov. 20. —The eldest son of
Count d'Eu, Prince Pedro, who ia eaid
to have been proclaimed emperor of
itrazil by Admiral Mello, haa atarted for
St. Nazaire, a seaport near Nantes,
where, it is stated, he will start for
Brazil, accompanied by a suite oi 20
New York, Nov. 20.— The Brazilian
cruiser Nictberoy passed Sandy Hook
outward bound at 9 o'clock this morn
ing, headed south, at half speed. It is
understood she has Captain Zalinaky on
board and may cruise around thia vi
cinity two or three days while he gives
instructions to those on board in the
use of the dynamite gun.
It ia reported that a mysterious cruiser,
said to be from Admiral Mello's fleet, is
cruising in the vicinity and will give
battle to tbe Nictheroy.
In Washington dispatches from
United States Minister Thompson at
Rio de Janeiro, no reference is made to
the report that Mello had proclaimed
the restoration of the monarchy. This
is accepted by the department as an in
dication that the report is false.
A Mew Athletic Association.
New York, Nov. 20.—The first busi
nesß of the American Athletic Union
meeting today waa to consider the appli
cation of various southern athletic clubs
to form a southern association. The
request was granted. The following
states form the association: Georgia,
Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Texas,
Mississippi, Arkansas and Kentucky.
Tbe following officers were elected:
President, W. Perry; vice presidents,
G. W. Beale, F. K. Steams; secretary,
J. L. Sullivan; treasurer, W. B. Curtis.
Among the members of the new board
are C. Edwards and W. Greer Harrison
of the Pacific association.
Governor Inns' Suit.
Dbnver, Nov. 20.—1n the United
States circuit court this morning the
trial began of the suit of ex-Gov.
Evans against the Union Pacific, Den
ver and Guli railway et al.. aaking for
the appointment of receivers. At the
opening Joel F. Vale announced that
for the present the United States gov
ernment did not care to intervene in
the application, John M. Thurston of
Omaha, counsel of the Union Pacific, is
deiending tbe suit for that road.
The Fuyallup Commission.
Washington, Nov. 20.—The Fuyallup
commission reported today to the com
missioner of Indian affairs for instruc
tions. The commission leaves immedi
ately for Seattle, Wash., where it will
Stop that cough by using Dr. St.
John's cough syrup. We refund your
money if it falls to cnre. For sale by
Off & Vaughn, corner Fourth and
A line of fine cut glass bottles and
manicure seta just received at Little
boy's pharmacy. Call and Bee them,
311 South Spring street.
Conn band instruments. Agency at
Fiugerald's,cor. Spring and Franklin sts.
CITY COUNCIL DOINGS.
REIMBURSES THE CITY FOR
DEPUTY ARTHUR I. STEWART'S
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VERY BADLY TREATED.
Mr. Blount's Sympathy for
the Kanaka Queen.
His Report to the President
Published in Fall.
It Is Very Uncomplimentary to
Ha Holds That ths Qoun Wn r»,.
throned by a Regular Yankee Trlok.
Stevens Will Shortly Fnbllsk
By the Associated Press.
Washington, Nov. 20. — Secretary
Gresham decided this afternoon to make
public all tbe correspondence and the
report of James H. Blount, tbe special
commissioner Bent to Hawaii by Cleve
land to investigate the revolution which
dethroned Queen Liliuokalani and the
established provisional government.
In his report Blount calls attention to
hiß reception by Minister Stevens,
"who, accompanied by • committee
from the Annexation club, came on
board the vessel which brought me.
He informed me this club had rented
an elegant house, well furnished and
provided with servants, a carriage and
horses for my use; that I conld pay lor
this accommodation just what I chose,
from nothing up. He urged me very
earnestly to accept the offer. I do- j
clined it and informed him I should go '
to some hotel."
Blount says he also refused to accept
proffered favors irom the ex-queen.
Concerning the position ol tho United
States in the islands, he says:
"Troops from the Boston were doing
military duty for the provisional gov
ernment. The American flag was float- j
ing over the government building, j
Within it the provisional government
conducted business under an American
protectorate, to be continued, according;
to the avowed purpose of tho American
minister, during negotiations with tho
United States for annexation. My in
structions directed me to make inquiries
which in the interest of candor and
truth could not be done when the minds
oi thousands of Hawaiian citizens wore
full of uncertainty aB to what the pres
ence of the American troops, the Amer
ican flag and an American protectorate
implied. It seemed necessary that all
these ijhtluencea must be withdrawn be
fore tl|« inauiries conld be prosecuted In
a mafner' befitting tbe dignity and
power of tbe United States. Inspired
with sucli feelings, and confident that
no disorder would ensue, I directed the
removal of the flag of the United States
from the government building and tbe
return of tbe American troops to the
vessels. This waa accomplished With
out any demonstration of joy or grief on
the part of the populace. The after
noon before, in an interview with Presi
dent Dole, in response to my inquiry,
he said the provisional government waa
now able to preserve order, although it
could not have done so several weeks
after the proclamation establishing it."
Blount then telle how Minister
Stevens called upon him with W. F.
Smith, who represented that tbe with
drawal of the United States marines
meant that the Japanese would land
troops from a man-of-war in the harbor.
The American minister expressed be
lief in tbis statement. The Japanese
commissioner put a etopto these rumora
by having the vessel ordered away. The
provisional government being thus left
to its own preservation, left him
(Blount) free to pursue the negotiations.
Commissioner Blount says: "Tho
causes of the dethronement of the
queen and the establishment of the
provisional government were both re
mote and proximate."
He then reviews the history of the
islands beginning with the constitution
of 1852 and the changes made in the
system of government down to tho
revolution of 1887, which resulted in
the constitution that year and which,
to a great extent, is given by Blount aa
the cause of the revolution of 1893.
Among those mentioned in forcing King
Kalakaua ie Thurston, now minister
from Hawaii. Blount describes at some
length the restrictions placed upon tho
king by the 1887 constitution.
After the revolution was accom
plished, the history of Hawaiian politics
is followed by the commissioner. Of
the queen's acts just previous to the
laßt legislature, Blount says: "Let it bo
borne in mind tnat the time waa now
near at band when the legislature
would probably be prorogued; whatever
cabinet was in power at the time ol
prorogation, had control of public affairs
until the new legislature should assem
ble two years afterwards, and longer un
less expelled by a vote oi want of con
fidence. An anti-reform cabinet waa
appointed by tbe queen. Some faint
struggle was made towards organising
to vote out the cabinet, but it was
abandoned. The legislature was pro
rogued. The reform members absented
themselves from the session that day in
manifestation of their disappointment
and loss of power, through the cabinet,
for the ensuing two years. The letters
of the American minister and naval
officers stationed in Honolulu in 1892
indicate that any failure to appoint a
ministry from the reform party would
produce a political crisis. The voting
out oi the Wilcox cabinet produced dis
content among the reformers verging
very closely towards ona, and had mora
to do with the revolution than the
queen's pioclamation. The first waa
the foundation, the latter tbe oppor
"In the legislature many petition*
were filed asking for a new constitution.
Discontent with tho constitution of 1887
and eagerness to escape from it con
trolled the election against the party
which estab'ished it. Divisions on the
mode of changing the constitution pre
vented relief. Such was tbe situation
at the prorogation of the legislature ol
1892. This was followed by the usual
ceremonies at tbe palace when tua
queen informed tho cabinet of her pur*
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