FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH
ERN CALIFORNIA: FAIR-SLIGHT
LY WARMER; LIOHT NORTH
VOL. XLI. NO ,H7.
NOW FOR THE LUST WEEK
Next Saturday Evening
Our Liberal Gift - -
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BY J. J, MARTIN.
LOS ANGELES* SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 17, 1893.
The Urgent Deficiency Bill
Before the House.
One Item Gives Rise to a Rot
The Administration's Pension Policy
Cannon or Illlnola Leads ths Assault.
The Defnnae Ably Conducted bjr
Enloe and Livingston— In
lutort sting Discussion.
By the Associated Press.
Washington, Oec. 16,—The debate over
the pension policy of the administra
tion, growing out of tbe item in the
urgent deficiency appropriation bill ap
propriating $200,000 for special examin
ers, consumed the entire day in the
house. Under the lead of Cannon of
Illinois an assault was made against
Cleveland's pension policy, especially
that portion which resulted in the re
vocation of order ItU and the subsequent
euspenßion of thousands of pensioners.
Livingston of Georgia and Enloe of Ten
nessee defended the administration, and
Lacey of lowa and Morse of Massachu
setts opposed it.
Breckinridge of Kentucky took the
floor aud explained tbat the bill con
tained appropriations amounting to
$1,651,850, the only item antagonized
being the appropriation of $200,000 for
special pension examiners.
CANNON'S HOT SHOT.
Touching this item, Cannon thought
it waa time for congress to examine the
manner in which the peneion office was
being conducted. He referred to the
clause in the president's message de
claring every neighborhood bad its
fraudulent pensioners, and reviewed the
action of tbe department in cutting off
thousands of pensioners. There bad
been much allegation of fraud, but lit
tle had materialized on cross-examina
tion. Of 335 special examiners in the
department, a dozen were employed to
run down these alleged fraudulent pen
sioners. All pensions cut off were
classed by the commissioner to the
credit of the amount Bayed by tbe office.
One million dollars of rejected pension
had been classified as $1,000,0000 saved ;
yet, after a rough examination it bed
been found that but $31,000 had been
actually paid out to pensioners who bad
procured pensionß by forgery, perjury
or false personation. He undertook to
aay tt,«.-e was no more fraud in the ad
ministration of tbe affaire of tbe pen
sion office, which disbursed annually
$180,000,000, tban in the adjudication of
caeca in the courts of tbe country. Tbe
Fifty-first congresß appropriated $150,
-000,000 for pensions ; the Fifty-second,
with 140 Democratic majority, appro
priated $168,000,000 to meet payments
on account of pensions. Order 164 was
responsible for much of tbia magna
nimity. Yet, the present head of the
pension department and the secretary
of the interior now undertook, after this
construction bad stood fonr years and
been acquiesced in by a Democratic
house of representatives, to reverse
AN ACT AKIN TO CRIME.
"It was an act," said Cannon, shak
ing his fist ominously, " akin to crime.
The infamous ruling of the administra
tion was that men receiving pensions
whose cases had been proved, were
stricken from the rolls. Look at the
Bennett case, which is known from one
end of tbe country to the other. If aucb
a ruling bad been made by a republican
administration, by Raum or Bussed,
alter tbe construction of the law bad
etood three years and bad been ratified
by congress, he would attack it as he
atipeked it now,,"
"That's right," shouted Enloe, "give
it to Raum."
"Ob. no," replied Cannon, "I will not
go for Raum, because in God's chancery
he is not guilty and your commissioner
RAUM AND LOCHREN.
Comparing the work of a ßanm and
Lochren for seven months of the admin
istration of eacb, be ebowed tbat Raum
issued 144,000 certificates; Lochren 44,
-000. In the same period Raum had re
jected 84,000 claims; Lochren 87,000.
Lochren Lad kept up with Raum on re
jections but Raum had beaten bim two
to one on issues.
"That's greatly to his credit," shouted
come one the Democratic side.
"I do not tbink bo," replied Cannon,
"and I tbink my judgment will be the
judgment ot history."
Cannon eaid be did not desire to
attack tbe pension office, but did attack
the atmosphere of that office, whicb, for
an honest claimant, was 20 degrees be
low zero. [Laughter.] It makes it look
gloomy for the 300,000 claimants under
the act of 1890, whose claimß were not
adjudicated, and the 400,000 pensioners
under that law whose pensions are in
jeopardy. [Applause on the Republican
LIVINGSTON DEFENDS THE ADMINISTRATION.
Livingston replied to Cannon that tbe
appropriation under discussion was to
provide for field examiners of the pen
sion office. Cannon had not challenged
the propriety or justice of the appropri
ation ; he bad occupied his time by cast
ing a shadow over the administration of
the pension office, and in attacking Sec
retary Smith and Commissioner
Lochren for revoking the order of last
April. A Democrat of the north or
south was always under suspi
cion when he criticised pensions.
Smith waa a southern man, but
he bad not been in the confederate
army. Lochren had been a soldier in
the Union army 'and a gallant one.
Cleveland bed not been in the army,
but could assure tbe house and the
country tbat justice waß and would be
done by these distinguished men. Ap
plications were scrutinized with care, as
they should be. No self-respecting man
in the land would believe tbat Cleve
land, Smith or Lochren, in beating the
brush for fraud, was actuated by a de
sire to deprive honest soldiers of pen
sions. It was true, however, that this
war against unworthy and undeserving
soldiers would be prosecuted vigorously.
Blair, Stone, Pickler, Cannon and
Bingham barrassed Livingston at every
step, and Blair declared be did uot ob
ject to weeding out fraud, but be did
object to making that pretext a cloak
for a deliberate conspiracy to deprive
honest pensioners of pensions.
Livingston replied that the cole pur
pose of the administration waa to purge
the pension rolls of names tbat dishon
Lacey followed Livingeton. In open
ing he read from a recent interview with
Lawrence T. Neal, author of the tariff
plank of tbe Democratic platform.
Ninety per cent of the Democratic disaf
fection, Neal said, «,.. mid be charged to
the course of the pension office, for
Which the administration was directly
Lacey also read a memorial received
by Outhwaite from W. A. Taylor, re
cent Democratic candidate for lieuten
ant-governor, who call lor a congressional
investigation of the "ridiculous, unlaw
ful and unjust policy ineuguarted by
the pension office, that has resulted in
the auapeneion of 1500 pensioners in
IN THE LION'd MOUTH.
In proceeding to denounce the con
duct of the commissioner of pensionß.
Lacey stud in Venice when charges
againat citizens were placed in the lion's
mouth, their trial and condemnation in
secret followed. These dark and abhor
rent methods pulled dn*r~i Venice. It
was now proposed to make every pout
office a lion's mouth, in wbich every
scoundrel and villain can drop venom
and spite. Straightway a special
agent dispatched to secretly try
and condemn an honest veteran. The
whole country should rise up and re
buke tbe administration. He protested
againat employing tbe whole force of
the pension office to i urn mage about for
fraud, instead of adjudicating tbe hun
dreds of thousands of claims that awaited
raum's old enemy.
Enloe, an old antagonist of ex-Com
missioner Raum, declared tne peneion
department, under this administration,
the greateat triumph of this government;
it wbb doing a noble work. He was sur
prised at the line of d jrise set up on
tbe other side. In the eye of tbe law
the." (the Republicans) were accom
plices of fradulent pensioners. Because
the admin boat ion was investigating and
punishing theso caeca of fraud, bow
could honest men parade tbia before the
country as hostility to deserving pen
Enloe wanted every soldier in the
i ountry who was entitled to a pension
to bave it, and bave all he was entitled
to; but he also wanted every soldier
dishonestly on the roil, sir drawing more'
money tban he wae entitled to, taken
irom tbe roll. He proceeded to discuss
the result of tbe investigation of the
pension office. At Baltimore it was
found tbat pension attorneys secured
pension checks, held tbem as payment
for money due, and charged a fee for
collecting them. At Norfolk a regular
mill for the mauufacture of pension tes
timony was unearthed. In New Mexi
co most astounding frauds were com
mitted. A similar condition of affairs
existed in Indian territory and in cer
tain parts of lowa.
In concluding Enloe said tbe time
would come when every honest Union
soldier and every eelf-reipecting citizen
would applaud the pension policy of thia
Morse closed the debate witb a vigor
ous assault on Cleveland and Lochren.
At the conclusion of bis speech an agree
ment was reached to close the deb-te
after three hours turther discussion on
At 5:10 p.m. the house adjourned.
She Seeks Commercial and Political
Union With Hawaii.
Washington, Dec. 16.—A Btate de
partment official, who haa closely ob
served Canada's efforts to extend her
trade, says: "Minister Bowell's move
in Hawaii is in line witb tbe settled
policy of Canada to divert trade from
the United States. At first Canada at
tempted to open trade with the West
Indies, and one of the Canadian minis
ters, Foster, went to the Indies to ne
gotiate for a new treaty. At the came
time attention was given to ex
tending Canada's trade in the Pa
cific. The Canadian Pacific line
ol steamers from Victoria to Auetrailia
pass Hawaii, so that trade could readily
be established if a reciprocity plan were
inaugurated. Moreover, tbe Canadian
Pacific steamers are part of tbe Canadian
Pacific transcontinental railway. The
acquisition of Hawaii wonld not only
help Canada's trade, but also complete
the military chain Wbicb Great Britain
hae thrown about the United States."
GOING TO GET MARRIED.
Lieutenant Bash's Mission to Honolulu
Washington, Dec. 16.—A dispatch
irom San Francisco reports tbat Lieu
tenant Rush of the navy Bailed from
there on the Alameda with sealed orders
for Admiral Irwin. Lieutenant Rußh is
on a three-months' leave of absence
from December 15tb, with permission to
leave the country. It ia, therefore, not
an official mission he is on. It is said,
in fact, he has gone to Honolulu to be
Polaaki Bros., merchant tailors, bave
removed to rooms 113, 114, 115, second
floor, Stimaon building, Spring and Third
Stop tbat cough by using Dr. St.
John's cough syrup. We refund your
money if it faila to cure. For sale by
Off & Vaughn, corner Fourth and
Removal sale —Musical goods. Prices
no object. Fitzgerald's, corner Spring
Thurston's Millinery and California
Straw Works, 204 S. Main street, oppo-
A CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK.
Herbert Bismarck Surprises
He Risps to the Eminence of a
His Speech on Commercial Treaties
The Fatherland Made Bo Uncomfortable
for Anarchists That the Keds Are
All Expected to Emigrate
Copyrighted, 1893, by the Associated Press.
Berlin, Dec. 16. —The importance of
yesterday's debate in the reichptag cen
tered on Count Herbort Bismarck's un
expected coming to the front as one of
the leaders of the Conservative party.
Tbe Agrarians selected him to be tbeir
champion, solely on account of tbe
weight of bis historic name, and al
though bis arguments raised no point not
already covered by the oppouents to the
commercial treaties, yet the trenchent
vigor of Count Herbert Bismarck's lan
guage nas in sucb striking contrast to
bis iormer parliamentary style, tbat
even his friends were surprised
and delighted, and the conserva
tives abandoning the attitude of re
etrve -ii [ ';«><-■ towards bim since
his father's dismissal from office, ap
plauded him vociferously. The count
quoted a pamphlet of the archbishop of
Dublin in arguing that unless the cur
rency question was settled the peasantry
would become bankrupt; be defended
the farmers' union as having prevented
many discontented rural voters from
going over to the Social Democrats, and
implored the government to remember
tbat more than twenty million persons
in Germany were more or leas depen
dent on agriculture for a livelihood.
Continuing, the count pointed out the
caee of England where, he claimed, ag
riculture w SB practically mined aud the
country depondent upon foreign sup
plies. This, he said, was the '-ause of
the naval panic theie and quoted Cob
den's exhortation to spend £20,000,000,
if necessary, to maintain England's
naval supremacy, Baying tbat if Eng
land lost a great naval battle and her
coasts were blockaded, she would be
compelled to accept peace at any price
within 80 days. Sucb was the conse
quence, tbe count concluded, of allow
ing national agriculture to wither.
MRRR RICHTEB's REPLY.
Hert Richter closed tbe debate with a
vigorous defense of the government
against Conservative attacks, illustrating
with bitter sarcasm tbe principles and
character of the Agrarian agitation, and
ridiculed tbe idea of representing Eng
land as a lost country,
Richter, during his speech, said:
"And if, in tbeir patriotism, they are
willing to make a large naval outlay,
tbey owe tbeir ability to do so to the
free trade policy. We, on the other
hand, have so much difficulty in cover
ing the cost of tbe army bill, because our
prosperity is retarded by the protection
THE RUSSIAN TREATY.
The passage of tbe other treaties have
paved the way for tbe adoption of tbe
Russian treaty. Those in a position to
jndge best believe the majority for tbe
Russian treaty will be even a little
larger than for the Roumanian treaty,
because a number of opponents have
declared that, after tbe passage of tbe
Roumanian treaty, it would be sense
less to oppose the Russian treaty. Of
40 members absent from the division
on the Ronmanian treaty, it has been
ascertained tbat at least 23 are pre
pared to support tbe Russian treaty.
EXDDUB OF ANARCHISTS.
Caprivi is of the opinion that the
present legislation is sufficient to deal
witb anarchists, and no initiative steps
are expected from Germany, The Ber
lin adherents to the Anarchist party are
very downhearted, as every individual
belonging is well known and continually
shadowed by tbe police. Every speaker
indulging in exciting language at meet
ings is promptly "sent up." Quite a
number are already in prison, and
others are awaiting trial. They will
soon find it too hot for them bere, and ac
no other states of Europe will let them
pass the frontier, they will at last try
to go to America where an invasion of
tbis character may be looked for.
News circulated by tbe Politiscbe
Sachrichten and reprinted by the Nord
Deutsche Zeitung, regarding tbe inten
tion of tbe government to continue the
export premium on sugar after January,
1895, wbich date is fixed by law for tbe
commencement of tbe lowering of tbe
premium, wbich will be stopped entire
ly after July, 1897, is not based on any
government action, but probably based
on a ballon d'essai sent up by the sugar
interest with a view to discover whether
the government contemplates any new
departure. It ia supposed the next few
days wiil clear tbe matter up, and tbat
some official announcement of the gov
ernment's intention will be made,
The reported illness of the crown
prince ia not believed in tbe beat cir
cles. The crown prince was seen laet
week playing witb his brothers, and wae
then in the beet of health and spirits.
The emperor haa accorded several au
diences to Prince yon Hohenlobe-Schil
lingfuret, lieutenant of the emperor in
Alsace-Lorraine, regarding the proposal
of the Aleatian members of tbe reich
stag, who are anxious for tbe repeal of
the exceptional measures in force in
On the bourse today iron mine shares
were bouyant on account of the ex netted
increase of the strength of the British
Prof. Charles Michelet, tbe famous
historian of the German systems of
philosophy, died today.
The Government Run Itn Case and the
Portland, Ore., Dec. 16.—1n the con
spiracy case today Emma Hansen, a do
nestic, testified to visits made to Blum's
residence by Mulkey and Seidback
Upon cross-examination witness was un
able to identify Mulkey. After the in
troduction of testimony to identify
Dunbar's handwriting in the Wilson
correspondence tbe government rested.
When court reconvened thisafternron
counsel for tbe government announced
that when the caee waa submitted to
the jury, they would not ask for a ver
dict of guilty against the defendants
John Bess, J. E. Marks and Bon Ong
Choug, aa the re was not sufficient evi
dence against them.
The detenee tiien put witness on the
•tand to impeach Blum's testimony.
Among tho'e testifying to Blum's bad
reputation ibr truth aud veracity and
Collector Latau'a good leputation, was
Governor Ponnoyer testifid that he
bad known Collector Lstan a quarter of
r t ntliry and thought his general repu
CAUGHT A TARTAR.
An lowa Granger Pomps Load Into
Two Bunco Men.
Sioux City, la., Dec. 16.—Two confi
dence men caught a tartar when they
tackled a countryman Mimed A. F.
Philley and undertook to eteer him
against their game. The granger would
not have it, anu the coroner bas two
subjects for an inquest. Shortly before
6 o'clock this morning Pbilley went to
the depot to take the train ior Omaha.
He was met by G. E. Myers, and walked
away witb him to get a drink. Myers
conducted Philley to a building operated
as a confidence tailor shop by Myers and
Joe Blum. After an absence of
15 minutes Philley returned to the de
pot and jumped on tbe train just as it
wae pulling out. At tbe tailor jo'nt
Myers and Blum were found dead, shot
through tbe adbomen at short range.
The theory is that they attempted to
rob Pbilley and be killed them. Tele
grams were sent to intercept him on the
train, but no reply has been received
yet. Myers and Blum were both well
EXCITEMENT AT RIVERSIDE.
Suits Filed Againat People* Home Sav
ings Bank Creditors.
Riverside, Dec. 16.—Considerable
commotion was created in this city to
day when it became known tbat papers
in several suits brought by the People's
Home Savings bank of San Francisco
against several large creditors here, had
been filed with the clerk of the superior
court. The aggregate of the claims for
whicb suit bas been brought is some
thing over $150,000. The largest indi-'
vidual amount sued for is $50,
-000, and tbe defendant in this
action is the Riverside Improvement
company. There are eight suits in all.
Ac the money market is pretty close
bere at present, the suits will result in
hard times for many of the defendants
who will be kept busy hunting up coin
to liquidate. The suits were expected,
but those most interested had hoped
they would not be brought until after
the harvest of tbe orange crop, when
money would be easier.
THE TAMMANY CHIEF.
Croker Defends the Machine Against
New York, Dec. 16.—Richard Croker,
the Tammany chief, gives out a iormal
interview defending Tammany Hall and
the investigation by the legislature.
Croker says he does not possess a dol
lar not honeßtly earned, and will under
no circumstances withdraw from the
leadership of Tammany. He denies that
commercial resorts are assessed for
political purposes and speaks kindly
and respectfully of Dr. Parkhuret as a
man who tries to do what be thicks is
right, but does aot believe his methods
are wise. The chief says be never
asked or received a dollar from any per
son engaged in unlawful pursuits or in
retnrn for influence.
THE NEW CHINESE TREATY.
Ly Wins; Vow Summoned to Washing
ton for Consultation.
San Francisco, Dec. 16.—Ly Wing
Vow, the Chinese consul general at
San Francisco, has been summoned to
Washington to confer with the Chinese
minister regarding the new treaty soon
to be submitted by China to the United
States. He departed for Washington
tonight. He would only say, wben in
terviewed, tbat the present treaty is far
from satisfactory and tbat tbe Chinese
have not settled on the terms of the
treaty wbich they intend to propose ac a
substitute. One thing, however, the
Chinese government will not oppose the
new registration law.
TIRED OF LIFE.
A Cancer Sufferer Jumps from a Thlrd
San Francisco, Dec. 16. — Charles
Ozanne, a patient at the French hospi
tal, committed suicide thia morning by
jumping from a third-story window of
that institution. Ozanne had been
undergoing treatment at tbe hoapital
for cancer of the face during the past
tbree months. Hie Buffering from the
malady waa intense, and be bad told
tbe nurses tbat he waa tired of life, ac
he could not stand the pain any longer.
French Spies Sentenced.
Leipsig, Dec. 16. —At the conclusion
of tbe trial of the two Frenchmen de
tected in making sketches of fortifica
tions of tbe North Sea, DeQung waa
sentenced to six, and Delgay to four
years' imprisonment. It ia believed the
emperor will pardon the prisoners on
the ground that tbey were engaged in
tbe work by contract with the French
government, and were in pureuit of
what tbey regarded a legitimate busi
A line of fine cut glass bottles and
manicure sets just received at Little
boy 's pharmacy. Call and see tbem,
eill South Spring atreet.
BULLY FOR BARTON.
HIS NEW PATENT CAR FOR
ORANUE SHIPPira SAID TO
PILL ONE OF THOSE LONCJ FELT
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CONGRESS MUST WAIT.
Hawaiian Information Not
The President still Working on
It May Be a Week Before He Sends It
The Steamer Australia firings Fresh
News from Honolulu-The Sitae
tion Practically Unchanged.
Trait rs Bounced.
Uy the Associated Press.
Washington, Dec 16.—There is noth
ing to indicate that the president's Ha
waiian message is yet completed. It is
suggested that the president may delay
until he hears from Honolulu after tbe
arrival of the Corwin. This wonld in
volve a long wait, as the Corwin was
not due at Honolulu until December
Tbe state department officials today
were busy preparing a quantity of new
materiel!, on wbat subject conld not be
News of the unchanged condition at
Honolulu wae received without surprise
at the state department. No expres
sions can be secured from the depart
ment on the situation.
At the Hawaiian legation no official
advices from the Honolulu steamer
Australia have yet been re
ceived. Hastings, charge d'affairs, does
not expect anything to occnr that will
change tbe status of tbe provisional
government. He regards the develop
ments of recent days as settling tbat the
de facto character of the provisional
authorities is conceded, and under these
circumstances the most active oppo
nents of the existing government cannot
find sufficient authority in international
law to grant its overthrow.
AFFAIRS AT HONOLULU.
No Chance In the Situation—Disloyal
Offioe Holders Bonneed.
Copyrighted, 1893, by the Associated Press.
San Francisco, Dec. 16.—The steamer
Australia arrived from Honolulu today,
bringing tbe following special corre
spondence of the Associated Prees:
Honolulu, Dec. 9, 1893.
Although the situation has not mate
rially changed in tbe three days that
have elapsed since tbe sailing of ths
Oceanic, several matters of more or less
importance bave transpired, and the
latest diplomatic communications be
tween Minister Willis and tbe provision
al government have been secured by tbe
president dole's note.
On November 29th President Dole ad
dressed a note to Minister Willis in
whicb it was stated tbe provisional gov
ernment had received notice from Min
ister Thurston of Secretary Qreebam's
letter. The provisional government
wished to inquire, first, if it was cor
rect; if so, he intimated that it was due
them to be informed what were the in
tentions of the United States in relation
to the recommendations of tbe secretary
MINISTER WILLIS' REPLY.
On December 2d a reply was received
by President Dole, in wbicb Minister
Willis stated in : ub teaee tbat he con
sidered the letter of Secretary Greaham
a domestic matter, with wbich be (Wil
lis) had nothing; to do. It was his opin
ion, however, that President Cleveland
would decide to furnish definite inform
ation and instructions as soon as he had
received certain advices whicb bad
already been transmitted to him. It waa
Minister Willie' opinion that President
Cleveland would be able to come to a
conclusion, because he was anxious to
have tbe Hawaiian trouble speedily set
NO TROOPS TO BE LANDED.
A previous note bad also been re-,
reived from Minister Willis in whicb, it
is understood, he acquiesced in tbe no
tice served upon him tbat no troops
should be landed from United States
men-of-war without the written consent
of tbe provisional government.
On December 7th the executive and
advisory councils of the government
met to consider the question of invest
igating the conduct and loyalty of a
number of government employees known
to be Royalists or Royaliet symoathiz
ers. The matter wae taken up in open
session before a large number of visitors
and resulted in tbe adoption of the fol
lowing resolutions, witb bnt one dis
Resolved, That it is the opinion of
this advisory council, that the execu
tive should proceed upon an investiga
tion as to the loyalty of all employees
of tbis government, and the support
given by tbem to it.
Resolved, Tbat in tbe determination
of the fealty of emyloyees of the gov
ernment, the etandard shall include
active support of this government and
its purpose in the past.
NONB BUT PATRIOTS ON GUARD.
Tbe grounda upon which the advisoiy
council baaed tbe necessity for their
sction are briefly summarized from Mr.
F. M. Hatch's speech in tbeir suppoat
"We are in an anomalous condition.
Though the existing and only govern
ment, we have been discredited in the
eye 9 of tbe world by tbe utterances of
Secretary Ureabam. We now bave our
work to do over again. We must now
settle the question of restoration our
selves. The lady across tbe way still
claims to be tbe qneen and appeals to a
foreign power, the United States, to re
instate ber. As long aa this atate of af
fairs continues we are in the midst of a
conflict and must keep in tbe employ of
the government only those whose loyalty
ie nnqueationed. We can have no trait
or a in our midst. Nothing conld M
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