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PART 11-PAGES 9 TO 16.
ABOUT HOLES IN THE GROUND The Red Rock Gamp Still Pan nine: Oat. A Varied Lot of Reports Indicate a Rich Region. District—lha Hemat Mlaaa—The Santa Rosa — River side Mote*. Bakersfiekl Democrat: The following litter was received by Messrs. Dudley & Morrah of thia city on last Saturday morning from J. W. Jobling aad J. F. Davis, who are working in the new gold district near Mojave. Aa this letter is from two men who are learning what there is there from actual experience and daily observation, and who have no purpose to serve in either exaggerating or suppressing facts, it will be of interest to many; especially to those who are contemplating "trying thair lack" at gold hunting. The letter reads at follows: Rao Rock Canon, Kern Co., Cal,,) Deo. 22. 1993. f Dsan Boyh : We wrote you some days ago, but have received no answer; sup pose you had nothing of importance to ■ay to us—likewise ourselves. We have been at work on a shaft for the past 10 days, which of oourse was dead work. We, as well as everyone else in oimp, thought we would strike a rich deposit of gold when we reached bedrock, bat we seem to be "oat of lock," as we found only a few fine colors of gold. We tried in other places on the same claim and got little better showing. But there it too much gravel and rock to move, and tbe gravel is so moist it will not work in a dry washer. There seems to be first one difficulty and then another. The truth of the business is, one cannot do much without water, nniess the dirt ie dry and very rich. We are something dlsoonraged, at any one would be under the circumstances, but intend to stay nntll oar grub runs out, unlets we can sell oat to tome sucker who wants to try hit lack and live on ■agebruah and land on thit beautiful (?) Mojave detert. There it one company who are taking contiderable gold in the gulch next to where we tunk onr thaft. and run a thaft on the "Santa Maria," but they have shallow bedrock all the way, and very little trouble to work their elaimt. There are only a few do ing anything, atide from them. We have not given up yet, and will go and work the claim we left, and where we know there it a little gold, if we can't do better. Very truly yours, Jobling a Davis. Big Lot of Gold. The Ventnrian : The gold diggings 30 milee northeast of Mojave still continue to produce plenty of gold, and new finds are reported every few days.. Last week Stanley, Bell & Co,, who have .claims in Red Rook cafion, took out 15 ounces of gold in one day and claim to have taken out $1000 for tbe week. Good diggings have been found in Jaw bone canon, about 18 milee from here. New fields are also reported 15 railed beyond Goler, in what is known as the £1 Paso mining district, about 50 miles from here, in tbe same belt of country as the Red Rock and Goler mines. The merchants of Mojave are reported to have bought over $5000 worth of gold duet since last August, and this is only about half tbe gold taken out in the new mines during that time. Good Ore. Hemet News: Messrs. Geo. Engel, John McCool, John Blodgett and W. S. Wilson returned from their prospecting trip over on tbe desert side of the moun tains dear the Hemet valley last Satur day evening. Thuy brought back witb them a number oi bags of rock taken from their several equips. They made three locations, and from those in a po sition to know the News lears that they have some very flattering assays. A quantity of rock taken from one of the minei, in which not a trace of gold could be discovered with their prospect ing paraphernalia, was sent to an assay office and proved to run $31 to the ton. Tbe boys think they have something that will pay well to work and are mak ing preparations to return loon. Santa Rosa Mine. Ferris New Era: Gov. H. G. Blaiedell of the Santa Rosa mine left thia morn ing ior Los Angeles, where he ii to meet some eastern gentlemen who recently examined tbe mine with a view to pur chasing. It is possible that a deal will be made, aa but a small difference ex ists regarding the price to be paid. The property hai been very thoroughly pros uected bf the governor during the past five montbi, and ii now opened in good chape by shafts, drifts, etc. It 1b equipped with steam hoisting works aud a live-stamp mill, which is pound ing away on good ore night and day. Before returning to Perria the governor will vieit Oakland and spend the holi days witb hii family. Plenty of Nuggets. Lancaster Gazette: John H. Carter, liveryman; J. C. Orden, butcher; J. K. Schneider and Al Benstead, black smiths ; Frank Budd, U. Zimmerman, Q. W. Hamilton, Louis Christopher and ti. A. Stom are among our citizens who seek gold nuggets in the Goler fields northeast of bere. They report many rich finds out then. It ia said that nearly (30,000 worth of gold has already been shipped from that district, accord ing to the shipping receipts, besides that which is carried away privately, Many people are still rushing into these fields from all directions. Riverside Notes. A Riverside prospector and miner who has spent some weeks in the new gold fields at Red Rock in Los Angeles coun ty, spent Christmas in this oity, and in conversation with friends stated that tbe new discovery wr« fully as good, if not better, than tbe reports sent out stated it to be. The mines are being thor oughly prospected, and in many of them large quantities of the shining metal are being taken out. The gentteinan started for tbe mines again yesterday, where he intends thoroughly developing a loca tion. Late reports from the Ibex mine in San Bernardino, which is owned prin cipally by Riverside parties, are to the effect that the company ia at work de veloping water from teveral eprings, which will be of great value to the prop erty. Mr. John MeCool, a prominent citizen of Hemet, where be owns a flouring mill, was in the city yesterday. Mr. McCool while here placed on record in the recorder's office four mining loca tions. These are for ledges recently discovered on the desert side of the mountains beyond Hemet, by Mr. Mc- Cool, Geo. Engel, J. Blodgett and W. S. Wilson. Rock taken from tbe several mines has been assayed and the result stfbwed over $30 per ton gold. Mr. Mc- Cool ie enthusiastic over his prospects in the mining line and expects to begin the further development of hie mines at no very distant day. A TAILOR ARRESTED. Tim Lottery I,'aw Applied To a Club Organizer. William N. Averill, J. L. De Spaine and Frank Hamm were arrested yester day by Detective Goodman on a charge of conducting a lottery. Averill is a tailor at 230 South Spring street. He was engaged in getting up clubs for a drawing each week, the bolder of the lucky ticket winning a $30 or $40 suit of cloths. Each member puts in $1, and cannot fail eventually in winning a suit. It is a question whether tbe law covers the case. COMMERCIAL CONGRESS. IT WILL MEET IN SAN FRANCISCO IN FEBRUARY. The Basis or Representation and the Importance or tha Con gress to the West. Sacramento Record-Union: The transmississippi commercial congress held its first session at Galveston four years ago. Its second session was held at Denver about six months later. It met a third time at Omaha, and the fourth meeting was held at New Orleans in February. 1692. This made four meetings of the congress east of the Rocky mountains. The fifth session was held at Ogden, commencing April 24, 1893. The next and sixth session, which will be held in San Francisco on the second Tuesday in February (Febru ary 13th), 1894, and continuing four days, is expected to be the most im portant session of the congress. TERRITORY EMBRACED. The territory embraced in the repre- I aentation to this congress takes in all of | the United States west of tbe Missis \ sippi river, and that email part of Louisiana east of the river. OBJECT. The object of the congress is to discuss all questions effecting the west that may be the subject of legislation at Washing ton, and to speak through its resolutions, to the national congress. Hence, irriga i tion, arid lands, silver, public lands, mining laws, the policy of the secretary of tbe interior, Pacific and gulf coast harbors, Nicaragua canal, aud many : other important questions rorae up | in a body compose-; entirely of western 1 men. REPRESENTATION. The basis of representation is as fol lows: Tue governor of each stale and territory has the right to appoint 10 delegates. The county commissioners or county judges have the right to ap ; point one delegate to each county; the mayors of all towns and cities select one delegate for each 5000 people, or frac tional part thereof; and no matter how small a town may be, if it has a mayor, it is entitled to one delegate; all com mercial bodies in all towns and cities may appoint collectively tbe same num ber as tbe mayor. The last includes chambere ot commerce, boards of trade, real estate exchanges, produce ex changes, cotton exchanges, and all other similar commercial bodieß; each of these can he represented by as many delegates as the city from which they come is en titled to. All transportation companies, whether rail or atoamsbip, are entitled to one delegate each. Governors, mayors, county judges and presidents of hoards of county supervisors are ex-officio del egates to the congress. importance or the congress. This is tbe most important repre sentative assemblage of the west. It has already influenced legislation, not ably measures for tbe improvement of the Mississippi river. The congress is becoming better known and more in fluential with each session. INVITATION. It ij tbe earnest desire of the officers and friends of the congress that tbe next session should be attended by all the governors and congress men of the 22 transmissisaippi states with a view to harmony and unity of action in legisla tion in the interest of tbe west. Editorial Joy». Pomona Progress: With a tomato that weighed four pounds, a green orange that pulled the scale down to a pound and a half, a sugar beet as big as an ele phant's hind leg, a wedding cake seven stories high and fluted with carmine cinnamon drops, a bouquet as large as a peck measure, a hen's egg with a girt of about eight inches, a Chino cucumber a yard long and as crooked as a ram's horn and a coinstalk that reached the second floor windows—with such gra-' clous beatowments as these, who could not be happy? Ah, brethren of the press! it's worth one's while to have been a newspaper man this season. Your Attention for a Mlunte. By doing as we tell you it will save you money. Do you want a stove —acooking stove? Then go to the W. C. Furrey company, 159 and 161 North Spring street, and carefully look at tbs re nowned Glenwood stove. It ie not only a beauty but is in every respect ahead of ail other stoves made. It will save you 40 per cent in fuel—that's an induce ment alone. Basin New Yean' By purchasing a beautiful Glenwood stove of tbe W. C. Furrey company, 169 and 101 North Spring street. By look ing at them it will prove to you tbe superiority over all others. • THE HERALD. LOS ANGELES i SUNDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 81, 1893 AN ANGLO INDIAN OPINION. Southern California for Anglo Indians. Clippings From a Couple of Indian Journals, Which Show That In That Country Cnn. ■ Idarabla Interest Bxtsts Aboot This Part of the State. Industrial and Military Gazette, Aug. 7th: Tbe climate of California, and es pecially that of the southern part of the state, is not surpassed anywhere in the world. Thia ia the opinion of many dis tinguished travelers and writers. It is said to resemble closely the climate of the Riviera. People in delicate health have been drawn to California by the fame of ita climate from all parts of America. It is a land of fruit and flowers, of sunshine and balmy breezes; a land where one may spend almost every day in the year out of doors. Many who have gone to California as in valids have entirely recovered their health and have thereby lengthened their lives and increased their capacity for neeiulnees. Many of the new comers have been professional men, merchants and the like, who, without any previous experi ence in the business, have made suc cessful fruit growers. Horticulture is the great industry of California at the present day. The value of the fruit pro duct of the state in 1892 was $50,000,000, just twice the value of the product ol ncr gold and silver mines, end $10,000, --000 in excess, of her wheat crop. Anglo ludianß would find fruit grow ing a very pleasant and healthful pur suit, and, what is of importance to most of us in this world, a profitable one also. A moderate capital will buy the land and start tbe "fruit ranch." Many families live in comfort on the income derived from far me of 20 or even 10 acres of bearing fruit trees. To be a fruit grower or stock raiser does not mean, as one might suppose, life in an unsettled country, far from railways and cities, and with none of the advantages of so ciety. The fruit sections of the state are generally thickly settled, and by com munities of unusual intelligence and culture. California has one of the best public school systems in the United State?, aud two of the largest and best equipped and endowed universities in America. Tuition is absolutely free at both the Slate and the Leland Stanford Junior universities, and both admit young women. Some of the finest scenery in the United States is to be found in California. The Sierra Nevada mountains do not of course equal the Himalayas in grandeur, but tbey contain the famous Yosemite val ley. The "Sierras" are snow-capped most of tbe year and occupy a promi nent place in the landscape. On clear days the Sierra Nevada range has been seen at a distance of 250 miles with the naked eye. California is a paradise for sportsmen The lakes and streams are full of game fish; grizzly bears, pan thers, oeer and smaller game nre to be found in the mountains. There is ex cellent deep sea fishing on the islands a lew miles off the conn of Southern Caii fornia. On the whole, Anglo-Indiana -conlil not dp better on leaving India than to make themselves homes among the foothills and fertile valleys of Cali fornia. The Lot Angeles chamber of com merce has cci ' a quantity of illustrated matter descriptive of that country for distribution among those who may be thinking of settling in California on leaving India. The pamnhlets will be sent tree to any address on application to tbe American consulate-general, Cal cutta. CALIFONIA FOR EMIGRATION. Calcutta Englishman : To the Editor of the Englishman—Sir: As stated in a very interesting editorial of the Eng lishman wbicb appeared on the sth of August, California i s not without some drawbacks. These are, however, not of a really serous nature. Dust is plenti ful sometimes, but is mostly confined to country roads where heavy team work is done. Though tbe rainfall is not large tbe state is, on tbe whole, well supplied with water from streams, and enow fields in the sierra and coast mountain ranges. There are, I believe, fewer things to barass mankind in that coun try than in any other part of the world. Blizzards, oycioneß and tornadoes are entirely absent, and storms accompan led by thunder and lightning are al most unknown. Tbe heat of the interior valleys, scuh as the San Joaquin, is great in the sum mer months, the mercury rising at times as high as 110 and 115 degreee Fahren heit in tbe middle of the day, but so pure and bracing is the air that one feels much less discomfort in the inte rior valleys of California at that high temperature thau in Bengal at a sum mer heat of 85 degreee. Incredible as it may seem, Europeans work from 10 to 15 hours a day in the harvest fields, or chard*; and vineyards of the San Joa quin valley at, Bay, a temperature of 115 degrees Fahrenheit, without tbe protec tion of the "sola topee," and a genuine case of sunstroke is yet to be recorded. Even in the interior of the state, cool nights invariably follow hot days, and one can thus always count on a refresh ing night's rest under blankets tbe year round. California has climates to suit all taste", even tbe most fastidious. Within the boundary linen ol tbe state, which ie an empire of iteelf, having an area of 165 980 square miles, are to be found many varieties, varying from a semi tropical beat in the plains to an alpine temperature in tbe upper Sierras. The climate of tbe counties which are open to the sea is remarkably line throughout the year, with cool Buui .nerß and mild winters. The togs which now and then roll into the valleys from tbe ocean sel dom reach the high, sunny, foothill slopes at the base of tbe coast range. Along there slopes, having an altitude of from 1000 to 2500 feet, with a grand outlook to tbe sea, ia a climate as nea;ly purled as can be found in tbe world. The scenery is varied and exceedingly attractive. There are orange and lemon groves, vineyards, apricot, peach, prune, tig, apple and pear orchards on every side, ami stretching towards the ocean as far as the eye can reach. Tne snow capped peaks ot San Antonio, -an Ber nardino and San Jacinto, rising to an average height of 10,000 feet, can be seen at great instances, end so clear is the air in winter that one pitting on the veranda at hii country home can see without the aid of a glees, the surf breaking on the beach 4U miles away ; and far beyond, at a distance of 100 miles, Ban Clemente island rices abruptly from the Pacific. To those who are 'ond of outdoor life fruit growing proves a congenial and healthful occupation, and many persons coming to California without previous experience in tbe business make suc cessful horticulturists. The price of labor would seem high to an Anglo- Indian, but this is offset, to some ex tent, by the fact that a white servant will do the work of a half dozen In dians. There are yet thousands of Chinamen in the state who can be em ployed as domestic servants or farm laborers by those who may preier Chinese labor. Chinamen command at least Rs. 1$ a 'lay, end white laborers are generally paid Rs. 5 a day or Ra. 75 per month, with board and lodging. Tbe price of labor is not so high now as it was some years ego, and it ia likely to be less in the future as tbe country be comes more thickly settled. An indus trious Chinaman will cook and do all tbe work about the hoaee and take care of the componnd if one happens to be living in town for Rs. 76 per month. On a fruit farm of 10 or 20 acres in the country, in addition to this Chinaman, an intelligent and hard working white man will look after the horßes and cow and do all the work on tbe place for Rs. 75 per month with board and lodging, except in tbe fruit packing season, when extra help mult be hired. Though sparsely settled and compara tively a new country, Southern Califor nia is not behind the eastern etates in its civilization. The people are. in fact, even more enterprising than in the country farther east. There is good rail way communication over tbe state, and the larger towna are supplied with cable oi electric railways and electric lighting plants. Those who are fond of sport generally make enthusiastic Californians. The fastest race horses in America are bred on stock ranches of California. There is excellent hunting and fishing in every part of the state and yachting among the islands which skirt the coast. Grizzly bears, panthers and deer can be found in the mountains and an abun dance of smaller game in the valleys. Anglo-Indians will find many of their own countrymen in California. In pro portion to population, there are proba bly more Englishmen in this than in any other etate in tbe union with tbe possi ble exception of Florida. In San Diego county there is quite a colony of English men who have become prosperous fruit growers. G.'inkhanas are held there as well aa in India, and besides the English sports of polo, cricket, tent-pegging and the like, are added other games peculiar to the etates and Mexico. On the whole, taking in consideration the matchless climate, the intelligence and culture of the rural as well as the urban population, the opportunities of fered for healthful and remunerative oc cupation in horticulture and in other industries, Southern California should prove an attractive country to retiring A'jglo Indians. S. Merrill, Jr. THE SUIT CLUBS. Nothing on tho Surface That Hnkai Them Appear an Illegal. Yesterday Mr. Wm. M. Avetill, man ager of the Southern Tailoring company, was arrested on a charge of conducting a lottery. From the facta ac to how the club ia carried on, it, eeems that tbe arreatie an unjust one. Similar arrests ; have been made in San Francisco, Sac : ramento, Oakland and other cities, and :in every instance the accused has been i discharged. At present there are sev eral suit clubs in this city, comprising a membership qi over 2000. The flour ishing condition of these clubs is not | cherished to a great extent by the mer : chant tailors of Los Angeles, who no j doubt feel tbe effect of the j lucrative trade now being enjoyed |by the suit clubs. Tbe way j tbe clubß are managed is simply by these methods: Every member pays $1 a week, signing a contract to pay $38 for a suit. Each week the members meet to decide among themselves who the lucky one is. Some members receive tbeir suits after paying but a few dollare while ethers pay tbe full amount. There ie nothing in this mode of procedure to in dicate that the law is not being com plied with. Men in all paths of life have joined these clubs. Professional men, physicians, lawyers, etc., the clerk, the actor, the newspaper man, judges on the bench and the ever eagle-eyed guardians of the peace are among the list. Tbe arrest of Mr. Averill will amount to nothing, as the district attorney has passed his opinion on the matter, hav ing refused to have a warrant issued from his office. Chief Glass, it appears, assumes tbe sole responsibility of mak ing the arrest, and certainly has shown bad judgment in so doing, after the dis trict attorney emphatically states that the law wae not being violated. POLICE COURT CASES. Bernard Kelly Meld for Examination for stealing a Watch. Bernard Kelly, and old man, was ar raigned in Judge Seaman's court yester day on a charge of stealing a watch from Thomas Liscom the night before. He was held for examination,with bail fixed at $2000. James Harvey got hungry night befoie last, and appropriated two boneless bams, worth $1, from a Maln-Btreet store. He was convicted, and will be sentenced next Tuesday. Robert Haiyottz, a Greek, has been cooking chestnuts at the corner of Spring and Court streets He was arrested by Officer Rico for obstructing the side walk, and wae fined $3. Busldea the usual number of cases for drunkenness, a half dozen vagrants were convicted. Sentence was suspended in each case. A New Company. Articles of incorporation were filed yesterday by the Cahuenga Valley Water company, formed for the purpose of acquiring, developing, Btoring, dis tributing and selling water in the Cahuenga valley for irrigation and other purposes, with a capital stock of $30,000, ol which $1200 has been actually sub scribed. " Board of directors: W. M. Taggart, E. C. Hurd, C. Cole, James Larquier, E. C. Galbretb, Peter Haack and W. H. Avery. Kast Star Oyster Company Wholesale aud retail dealere in eastern oysters, bulk aud can. Bayou Cook a specialty. Quarts, 65 ceuts; cans* 60 cents. 244 south Main street. A. Eu banks, proprietor. ABOUT THE SAN GORGONIO PASS Reminiscences of an Old In habitant. Incidents of the Days Before Boom ers and Townsites. Early Settlors on tho Border* of the Desert— An Early Mall Rubbery and the Resultant Tragedy. San Gorgonio, Agna Blanca, Ague Caliente, San Timoteo—what recollec tions these old Spanish names bring up. Of ranches, sefioritas, rodeos, vaqueros and all pertaining to Spanish and Span ish-American life. And in comparison how tame sound the names of Banning, Beaumont, Whitewater, Palm Springs and Brookside. But the change in nomenclature is in keeping with the change in people and occupations. From being a vast stock range to boom times and towns, with consequent cutting up of the ranches into small tracts is a long step, and it is the object of this article to trace some of the steps which led to its accomplish ment. In 1853 Dr. I. W. Smith with his fam ily came to San Gorgonio past, and settled at what ie now known aa the Highland home. At that time the pace was moatly covered by a Spanish land j grant, the San Gorgonio rancho. Dr. ■ Smith bought a third of it and engaged in stock raising. The only other white ; person between San Timoteo and the desert was an odd character, Powline Weaver, who lived with the Indians at what is now called the Edgar place. i Tbe Indians, were then quite numer ous and were aeource of some danger— especially those living on the desert. ■ When they could get strong drink —and it waa not so difficult then to do so — they indulged in free fights among themselves, and occasionally an Amer ican waa in it. Their chief was a more important personage than now, and ruled them with considerable authority. As an instance of aboriginal justice, the following case is given: Two young Indians bad stolen two cattle from a ranch, and tbe crime wae 1 brought home to them. The old chief harangued them for a time, gave good advice, and said it was right to steal ] from the whites, but they must not get - caught at it, for therein lay tbe deepest disgrace. He sentenced them to pay | three-fold for the cattle as restitution, \ and then, cutting off their ears, bade ; them go and sin no more. I have Btated that their numbers were considerable, and, in fact, the two i tribes, Cbimehueva and Coahuilla, could each muster eeveral hundred war riors. But, somewhere about 1860, the smallpox got among them and deci mated their ranks, and later it broke \ out again and almost exterminated j tbem. The only occupation of the people wae stook raising, and the pass wae a lavored locality. When teed was short elsewhere, cattle, etc., were driven in irom the San Bernardino and Sab Ga briel valleys, and with those already there, the pass presented a lively ap pearance. A few years after Dr. Smith came, R. B. Moore moved into the pass from El Monte, and brought his stock witb him. He took up the present water supply of Banning, and was one of the prominent citizens ol our early history. Ihe Gilman place wae settled by a Colonel Williams, and changed bands several times, finally passing into the present ' owners' hands from Newt Nobles, about 1869. Dr. Edgar and brother obtained possession of the Edgar place in the 60's, and for a time lived there. Of the Hie of these early times much has been written, and much more might be. The occupation of stock raising led to a free, wild, outdoor life, and the vac queroa, as they were called, corre sponded to the Texas cowboys. They were a race of hardy, bold bronco riders, with chivalrous instincts and kind hearts, but, perhaps, a rough exterior. Social life had not the veneer that civil ization gives, and difficulties were set tled witb list or pistol. In tho spring all the stock was driven together, and each man picked out and branded the calves and colts belonging to him. Such a gathering was called a rodeo. For amueemente the rule of Spanieh- Ameiican life wae followed, and horse manship and such outdoor athletics pre vailed, and society was satisfied with the fandango, as a dance waa called. Local sportsmen may be interested in the iact that where now are the grain fields and fruit orchards, herds of antelope once roamed and deer were numerous, while more tban an occa sional bear was to be seen. The only regular means of travel to towna, etc., waa a stage ie between Los Angeles and Fort Yum, Some of tbe drivers were noted characters, of whom Hank Brown, now of Highlrnds, is best remembered. Dr. Smith kept a station at tbe High land borne—which station was after wards moved to J. M. Oilman's place. The next elation waa at Cabezon, kept by Frank Van Deventer: and at White water Frank Smith kept another. Later the one at Cabezon was moved to Palm Springs. The stage carried the mail and did considerable passenger business. A robbery of the mail led to a bloody tragedy soon after the line was started. Several packages of money were in tran sit, and, when about to start in the morning from tbe Smith station, tbe money was missed. Suspicion fell upon the hostler, Gordon by name, who waß seen about tbe mail pouches while the passengers were at supper, and he was locked up. A wrapper of one of the packages wae found near bis belongings, and he was urged to confess, but with out avail. Finally the two men who bad tbe mail contract resorted to extreme tactics. He was conducted into a canon, since called Dead Man's canon, aud at the aide of an open grave under a tree, to which a rope was attached, he was urged to reveal the biding place of the money or cay bis prayers. Just then one of the men beard tbe stage drive up to tbe etation, and went to get another man. Ac they were returning two pietol shots rang out, and a man was seen running across tbe canon. One of them gave chase, and, grasping the prisoner, for such it was, received several stabs with a knife for his pains, while the murderer escaped. Tbe remaining man obtained help and PART 11-PAGES 9 TO 16. found that tbe man left tq guard the prisoner had been stabbed to tbe heart, and bad fired two shots before he fell. Both victims were dead, so tbe escaped prisoner was pursued, but he escaped in the darkness. The next morning his trail was followed to where he dug up the treasure, for other wrappers were found where the hole had been dug, and he went to San Bernardino and gave himself up to tbe sheriff. At tbe trial bis plea was self-defense, and he was acquitted. The treasure was never recovered, but his career was afterwards cut abort in Montana by a rope.—[Ban ning Herald. THREE NEW OPINIONS. They Arrive Yesterday From the Su preme Court. Three opinions were received in this city yesterday, as follows: Nathan Nevin vs. Frank C. Thomp son et al—Action to recover $700 due on a bond, executed by three other de fendants, to relieve Thompson of certain liabilities; appealed from tbe judgment roll. Judgment affirmed. Nathan Nevin vs. Frank O. Thorn p son et al—Judgment affirmed upon same antbority as above. People ex rel. James Connolly vs. city of Coronado—Action to exclude defend ants from all corporate rights, privi leges and franchises, and to dissolve said corporation upon tbe ground that ,it has usurped and exercised the fran- I cbises of a city of the Bixth class, with i out warrant, charter, grant or right to ;do so. Judgment affirmed. GLOWNER ALL RIGHT. THE CHARGES AGAINST HIM FALL TO THE GROUND. Affairs In the Seventh Regiment Said to Be In a Far From Sat isfactory Condi tion. The court martial which has been in session at the Armory for the past three weeks, trying Capt. Geo. W. Glowner of company C npon chargee preferred against him by Col. W. G. Schreiber, came to an end last Friday night. At the last Bitting of the court, after tbe testimony for the prosecution was all in, the attorney for the accused made a motion to dismiss the case, claiming that tbe charges against Captain Glow ner had not been upheld by tbe testi mony, and tbe court being of the same opinion dismissed the case. Several members of the court martial expressed themselves as being sur prised at the lack of testimony the pros ecution waa able to bring out in support of the charges, and say that the charges should not have been preferred at all as they originated more through personal motives than a desire to better the con dition of the National guard. While the trial that ia just ended clearly established the innocence of Captain Glowner, it also brought out the fact that the general condition of the National guard in this part of the Btate is not as good ac it should be, and that the end attained, so far, ia not in keeping with the amount of money that the etate annually expends upon the Seventh regiment. It is suggested that the members stop their personal quar rels and pay more attention to the duties of soldiers, and see if the result will not be more gratifying all around. Other charges have been preferred against prominent members of the regiment, and a general ebaking up and rattling of dry bones ia promised. ECHO MOUNTAIN TRAVELERS. Snow Flow and other Novelties on Mount (.owe. The travel up the Mount Lowe rail way has been very brisk since tbe storm. The atmosphere is remarkably clear, and tbe view, which covers a ter ritory equal to tbe state of Rhode Island, embraces a thousand objecte of great interest, including mountain ranges, populous valleys and shining ocean. The abundant fall of enow on the high er summits has added a novel attraction tor Californianß. Yesterday a snow plow was lent np to clear the bridle roads on tbe northern elopes. Three fall cailoade ascended the great incline, and two enthusiastic parties en gaged animals and accompanied Prof. Lowe up to the snow limits. One of the gentlemen, Mr. Clarence S. Darrow of Chicago, and attorney of the Chicago and Northwestern railroad, pronounced the serieß of views he obtained in his four hours' ride the finest he had ever witnessed. He was accompanied by hie wife and son, and Rev. Florence E. Kol lock of Pasadena. Mr. Geo. W. King, a Los Angeles cap italist, was accompanied by Mies M. King and other friends, and he inspect ed tbe plant with critical interest. Prof. George R. Crow, who is engaged in making up next summer's pro gramme for tbe Long Beach Chautau qua season, took an enjoyable trip over the railway with his three eons and daughter, Maurice Crow, E. M. Crow and Marie Crow, and his friends, Mr. and Mrs. VV. H. Purcell ot Chicago. Among tbe Pasadena notables on Echo mountain were the venerable Father Amos G. Throop, who has a large inter est in tbe railway, and Rev. Henry T. btaats, wile and son and Rev. and Mrs. T. D. Garvin. Mr. G. W. Tewksbury of the Audi torium hotel, Chicago, and hie friends, Mrs. Tewksbury, and Mr. and Mrs. Franklin and Snyder of Ottawa, 111., were highly interest-id visitors. Mr. Geo. T. Hanley, editor of tbe Los Angeles Star, and hie wife, who is alao very handy witb her pen, were en joying their third trip to Echo moun tain and Rubio cafion. The cosmopolitan character oi the tourists who are visiting Southern Cali fornia is well illustrated on the pages of the Echo Mountain register, where names from 70 towns and cities in 31 states and foreign countries have been recorded in the last few days. The Berlitz Method of Teaching German. Superintendent L. D. Brown of the Los Angeles schools nays: "Mr. Zim merman is recognized as one of tlie lead ing teachers of German in this state." Today Mr. Zimmerman will give a free lectnre, "How to Acquire a Practical Knowledge of German in Five Weeks," at Caledonia hall, 119W South Spring street. Attend at 1:30,3 or 7:30. Classes open January 2d. Usa Gkbman Family Boap. TAMMANY'S TOPICAL TALK. Matters of Interest in San Francisco. The Y. M. I. Help Along- the Mid winter Fair. Great Destitution Among the Unem ployed—Personal and News Jottings and Notes. Special corresponflence to tne Herald. San Francisco, Dec. 29, 1893. Metropolitan Temple waa well filled a few evenings since, tne occasion being tbe presentation of a check for seven bundred dollars by tbe Young Men's Institute of thia city and Oakland to the Midwinter Fair fund. In addition to the presentation the invited guests were treated to a number of songs and witty recitations. Archbishop Riordan made an eloquent and forcible address—particularly to the young men. In the course of hie remarks he took occasion to call the at tention of the audience to the distress now existing in this city, "San Fran cisco bBS many rich men," said Uie rev erence, "but they know how to keep their money. After leaving the great cities of Chicago and New York I feel upon arriving in this city aa though I were in a deserted village; and why this difference? It ie because tbe men of capital in tbe east take pride in erect ing great buildings that are the acme of architectural beauty, while on the con trary the moneyed men of thia city be lieve they are building perpetual mon uments of fame to their memory in the construction of a block a few stories in height." General Barnes, chairman of tbe mid winter fair finance committee, in accept ing the gift of the institutes, stated that the fair would be upon a grander scale than the management bad ever dreamed of. That there were now 84 buildings scattered about the 200 acres of fair ground; that there would be 6000 exhibits, requiring, upon an average of the men in charge, 60,000 employees for exhibits alone, and all else connected with the undertaking waa upon an equally colossal scale. Tbe frightful destitution existing among the poor of this city was never before bo clearly demonstrated as npon Christmas day. Tbe Salvation army, which seems to be about the most con sistent body of people in the world, in asmuch as they practice what thsy preach, bad charge of tbe distribution of donations for the poor, and they cer tainly did their work in a conscientious manner. Long before tbe time set for the Christmas feaet crowds gathered in tbe vicinity of the Salvation life boat, where all were welcome to indulgo in a repast such as they seldom had an op portunity lo indulge in. After the dis posal of the viands all hands|repaired to the quarters designated for the distribu tion of gifts. Here every man, woman and child deemed to be worthy was given some substantial gift, such as clothingf and a liberal supply of the neces saries of life. Tbe continual rain during tbe paat few nays bae canned great delay in tbe work now in progreea at tbe fairgrounds, and as a result the exhibition will not be formally opened until January 10, 1594. Superintendent Dagget of the mint has made a few more appointments, among them being Abrahe.ni Norton, Loe An geles. This can hardly be considered a I.oa Angeles appointment, inasmuch as Mr. Norton has not been a resident of that city for the past eight years. The downpour on the evening of the 23d mat. wae a source of pecuniary loss to the local merchants, and aa a result a few greedy ones kept their establish ments open both on Sunday and Christ mas day. John C. Piatt of board of education fame is here and will engage in some en terprise at the fair grounds if circum stances are propitious. Frank Weitzell, whose albino-like ap pearance haß led his Los Angeles friends to christen him "Blondie," is engager) with a well-known firm of book-makers as cashier. That popular Los Angeles official Aud itor Frank Lopez spent Christmas day with hie family in this city. The leading hotels of this city are the gatherings of a number of Los Angeles people here, bent on business and pleas ure. Hon. J. Marion Brooks, chairman of tbe Lob Angeles Democratic city central committee, is in this city attending to some important legal matters. Mr. Brooks, during his stay, received (ha congratulations of bis many friends upon the iegal ability he displayed during tbe celebrated Smith trial. Tammany. A Laucnutrian'a Luck. Lancaster Gazette: K. P. Cbilson, superintendent of the Frazier mine near Gorman Station, went to Los Angeles Sunday, but not on the afternoon freight which carries passengers, as he did the last time he went down. When he went down on the freight it arrived in Los Angeles and he awoke as it stopped by the round house near San Fernaudo street. Now the Frazier mine is very rich, but its able superintendent doesn't carry all of its gold around in his breeches pockets, as some evidently thought. Alighting from the car he hadn't ..-one but a little way when two iootpads held him up and took all be had—sl.7s. Leaving them, Mr. Chilson hadn't gone a half block till two others steppe:! t 'it and held him up again. He said : "You are too late, gentlemen; two others *.ot all I had a minute ago." So they let him go on. New I«»r'« Day Is the time you should make up your mind to buy a Glenwood stova, becau<« it will save you4U percent in fuel and is far ahead in all respect? of any other made. See them at the W. C. Ftlrrey company, 159 and 181 North Spring street.