Newspaper Page Text
CITY REAL ESTATE VALUES. A Decade ot Steady Apprecia tion on All Hides. Comparison of Vain n Along Business Thoroughfares. Tile Keoerda .ot several Tears Carefully aad <i*»aservatlvely Compiled—The Y*i«d>'u. tj of OsTsluptuant Shown by tbe Figures. The following article on city real estate values is obtained from the Real Estate Bulletin: The causes which operate to fix or change the locution of the center of (business in large ctties make an inter acting study. In moat commercial towna bueinesi baa not remained where the original vroprietora designed, bat haa been influenced by various causes ito other localities. Los Angelea haa been subject to tbis change, and tbe plaza, which at firat waa the center of jibe city's business life, ia now compara tively deserted, and the vicinity given ever to the Chinese and to the abode of those linea of trade in which cheap rent Is a necessary pre-requiaite. Of courae the expanded business of the city could not be con tinea to the restricted limits ; afforded by the original plan of the old pueblo, but the growth of later yeara haa been In new directiona, and in some respects away from streets that j would naturally improve. In order to i point out the causes which have oper ; ated in drawing trade away irom the old center, and also to give our readers reliable data showing the present prices ioi frontage in the business center and I its comparative value in the past, the Bulletin has collected from a number lef our oldest and most reliable real estate dealers, data showing the trend of buainess and fluctuations in the prices of frontage for the past ten years. The information thus collected showa j that during that time there baa been a 'constant movement of trade to the I aouth aad west, until now the buainess j center is located on streets which at the beginning of the period were residence jawtios:. Daring the decade Main j street, which from its location and the ' fact that it is the longest continuous I street in the city would naturally be the leading business thoroughfars, has : fallen from first position to fifth or sixth i rank, as indicated by the pricee at i which frontage is selling. Tbe history i of Main street is a demonetration of the ' fact that property will not "take care of 1 itself," but that on tbe contrary owners must build modern structures in order ito held business. During the boom ] Main street holders, with a few notable exceptions, seemed to think that the most primitive building would com mand the highest rent, and in trying to make the property yield exorbitant renta without providing compensating accommodations, they "killed the goose that laid the golden egg." And as scon as business began to follow Spring street, tbe enterprising owners sn street and Broadway saw their oppor tunity, and by the construction of mod ern buildings entirely changed the char acter of those thorough fares. Until about 1883, the highest rents were paid on Main street, from the old Pico house facing the plaza to Temple, bnt before tbe collapse of tbe boom the corner of First and Spring streets had become the best property in town. From that time to the present this tendency to the south and west has been constant. At the , commencement of the period Broadway (then Fort street) was purely a resi dence street, running into the hill near Firat street, but the holders of the frontage pnt money into modern build ings, and now the value of its property has doubled many times. To arrive at the true valuation of property many elements are to con sidered, especially under circumstances where there is uncertainty as to the future. Many men are forced to sell and part with their holdings below their rental value, while on the contrary, others, who are able to hold on, will not sell urtlees tbey get a price far in excess of such valuation, having a strong faith in the future of tbeir property. Theae and other causes render it very difficult to arrive «t an accurate valuation, but in the table herein we give prices made up from actual sales and also careful esti mates made by conservative men who have been in tbe business before, during and since the boom, and whose judg ment would be taken as expert evi dence on real estate values in any court in the city. Starting in 1883, which year may be considered as the beginning of the boom, the highest property was found on Main street, between the Plaza and Temple Btreet, where property Bold aa high as $800 per front foot, and re mained at that point until 1887, when prices began to decline, and now range from $300 to $500, while adjacent prop erty on Spring, just south of Temple, sold in 1883 for $450 to $600, and in 1887 ;at irom $1000 to $1100, where it now re mains, the portions near Temple remain ing stationary, while lower down, near First, the tendency is upward. From Temple to First en Main prices have been somewhat firmer than north of Temple, and near First late sales have been made at $800. A fair valuation, from Temple to Firat, would be $500 to $800, with riricea rather receding than otherwise. As we go further down the two streets, the difference in values becomes greater. On Spring, from First to Second, the highest property is found, although some dealers claim that values between Second and Third are fully ac great as north of the former street. Two of the most intelligent dealers expressed them selves aa being unable to decide just where tbe highest valuea are located, rather giving Second street the prefer ence, on account of its atreet car faoili ties and its easy access from tbe hill sec tion. On Spring, between First and Second, prices were given by one dealer at from $1800 to $2000; by others at $1500. In 1883, tbe saint property Bold from $150 to $200, and at the height of the boom, in 1887, $1000 to $2000. While on i other hand, on Main street prices now range from $000 to $800, about tne same at. in 1887, a title in 1883 the price was 0n.," J3OO. Between Second and Third, several gentlemen put valuea at $1200 to $1500 on Spring, while on Main the ran** is $400 to $800. \ .iues on Soring in 1883 were $100 to |V7G; iv 1887, $600 to *8110. On Main, 1883, $50, and in 18S7, $600 io $8li;>. From Third to Fourth, in lsß3. the frontage cold for $75, but in 1887, on ac count of tbe location of tbe postoffics and other improvements, so.ue pieceß told as high as $800, which waa the ■ rice paid for a portion of the I und on ■\liich Ihe Westminster hotel stands. Now the limit is $3dd to $450. On Spring, iB 18; J, tbe price was $75 to $100; lv 1887, $400 to $500. while now it is held at from $600 to $800. From Fourth to Filth, on Sprint, '■> 1883, frontage only brought $06 to $76; in 1887 it had reached $500, and. now sal** a<e mads at baa $450 to $700. On Main in 1883 only $50 was realized; in 1887, $600. Now, $200 to $300 covers tbe limit. Fifth to Sixth, on Spring: In 1883, $50; iv 18S7, $200 to $300; now, $400 to $600. Maiu: Iv 1883, $50; now from $200 to $300. Sixth to Ninth, on Spring: $200 to $600 now; in 1883, $26 to $40; 1887, $200. Main: In 1883, $30; now, $150 to $200. Tiie improvement made on Broadway Bince 1888 baa been a surprise to the older inhabitants. At tbat date front age there, between Temple and First, was only worth from $60 to $75. Five yeara later the price had advanced to $200, and at the present time it ia worth from $200 to $300. From First to Sec ond, the price io 1883 was $75; in 1887, $suu, and now from $450 to $800. From Second to Third, the 1883 price was $60, with an advance to $500 in 1887, and at present sales are made at from $600 to $000. From Third to Fourth the pres ent rate is $350 to $650; that of 1887 $850, and in 1883, $50. From Fourth to Fifth, in 1883, $40 was the price; $260 in 1887; while now frontage ia worth from $500 to $600. From Filth to Sixth we have, for 1883, $40; in 1887, $200; now, $200 to $300. From Sixth to Sev enth, 1883, $40; 1887, $200; at preeent, $300. Seventh to Eighth, $200 in 1887 and $300 now. On Los Angelee atreet frontage now sells at from $150 to $400, from the plaza to Filth. The advance on the cross streets, from Main to Broadway, has been continuous, and now those streets, within the above limits, are almost whoiiy given up to business. In 1883, frontage on First street was only $100; in 1887, $600, and at the present time $800 to $1000. On Second, in the same limits, one es timate puts the price at from $600 to $2000, wnile two others make it $1000. Point of view of the gentlemen probably accounting for the discrepancy, one only taking account of inside lota, while the other included the corners on Spring street. Property from Broadway to Hill sells at $225 to $800. On Third street, one party gives $50 as the price in 1883; $300 iv 1887, and $500 now. Another gives $600 lo $1200 as the present valne. It will be seen thai values on Second and Third streets approach very nearly to tbose on Spring street contiguous thereto. Scuh valuations, however, have reference to mintage near the Spring Btreet corners, hot in side values the lower prices ere nearer correct. Fourth street: In 1883, $50; 1887, $200 to $300, and at preeent $50 to $9uo. On Fifth, the 1883 pricee were $40; $200 to $300 for 1887, and now $400 to $600. Sixth street property, worth only $40 per front foot in 1883, sold for $200 to $300 in 1887, and is now held from $300 to $500. On Seventh street, from Broadway to Maiu, frontage brings from $175 to <300. 1887. 18!>;j. Fuzi to Firat First to Second Second to third Third to Fourth Fourth to Fifth...«, Fifth to Sixth Sixth to Seventh Seventh to Ninth Snrinif: $450 to J800 200 aou 40 50 I 50 40 30 $000 to $800 oo) son 275 300 ooo If 3.10 to $ >eO d'nO 800 tHMI 800 27.". 425 2<I0 875 200 300 173 2 0 12j 20J spring: Temple to First First to Second Second to Third Third to Fourth Fourth to Fifth Filth too it. Sixth toSeventli Broantray: Temple to First First to Second eououd to Third Third to Fourth Fourth to Filth Filth to Sixth Btxth to Heventh beventh to Eighth.! Los AUReles: Plaza to Fifth First: Broadway to Main Keeoe.l : •250 400 1000 tioo 1000 1200 800 1200 1200 1000 120J 150U 700 1 linn tiOO 7"0 200 300 200 400 75 100 BO 78 ao 400 500 600 3UO 200 50 76 60 50 40 40 40 200 f.00 315 :tao 250 ■zoo •200 300 700 45cl 850 (ioO !>0<l 400 K 0 40(1 500 330 450 UiO 400 25o 300 150 400 800 2000 400 400 600 Second: Hill to Broadway Broadway to Main Main to Loa Angelea Third: Broadway to Main Fourth: Broadway to Main Fifth: Broadway to Main Sixth; Broadway to Main Beventh: Broadway to Main I: 75 50 SO 40 40 300 20O 300 200 31 0 200 300 225 500. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. An Object Lesson to Strang-ere of the Re sources of Southern Oalifornia. The chamber of commerce of Los An geles was organized in tbe fall of 1888. During tbe five years of its existence it has accomplished a great deal of good for Los Angeles city and county and for Southern California in general. The organization contains about 550 of tbe leading business and professional men and capitalists of Lob Angeleß city, and a few ranch owners and other public-spirited citizens in other sections of Southern California. Ita qnartera are now situated on Main Btreet, between Firat and Second Btreeta, in the Mott bnilding. Here it has a large exhibit hall, 60x117 feet, with a gallery, stage and many ante rooms, where are displayed through all seasons of the year, free to all visitors to the city and to tbe public in gen eral, a magnificent display of all the products of Southern California—agri cultural, horticultural, mineral and manufacturing. This display is, ac knowledged to be the finest of its character anywhere in the weat. It is one of the most notable points of interest for strangers to be found any where in or about the city of Loa Angeles. In the course of the year the dieplay ia visited by about 100,000 guests, as the register shows. The large h.UI is filled throughout with tables and cases containing carefully selected and arranged displays of cit rus and deciduous fruits preserved in jars, nuts, figs, olivea, jaate and jellies, crystallized fruits, wheat, barley, corn aud beuns, besides all species of fruits and vegetables green in their season, in the galleries are displays of manu factured ertietts of all kinds, showing that the commercial interests of the county are not limited to agricultural products. The room ia banusumely decorated and set forth with plants and flowers. In addition to the features of the dieplay, which are of a commer cial order, there are many curios aud works of art. The' advantage of snch an exhibit open to all tbe public free of charge every working day in the year ie plainly evident. The eastern viaitor, stop ping only a few days at a hotel, and with but a vague notion of the real capacity of the section, can here at the chamber of commerce exhibit receive iv an hour an object lesson which would otberwiee coot him a con siderable outlay of time and money. He seea gathered together in one com prehensive display ail the wonderful va riety of products which the favorable LO§ ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1894. fie above figures show tbat with tho exception of one street values on all the present business streets in Los Angeles nave made a continuous advance, from 1883, through the wild times of the boom and during the comparative de pression following that, up to the pree ent time. The rise in values has been ao marked that in most cases the in crease in values has paid tbe taxes and interest on the investment, beaides an income fully covering the ruling rates oi interest, and whatever rentals have been collected were clear gain. Even purchases made at tbe highest prices of 1887 usve been steady income producers. Take a piece of Spring atreet property which was pnrcbaeed at, say from $600 to $700, which will now bring $1200 to $1500. It will readily be Been that such a property, which now pays a net In tern oi 6 or 7 per cent, has earned in rentala and increase a very excellent income. The "unearned increment" of Los Angeles business property has made many men rich, and the "pay dirt" is by no means exhausted. Nearly all the frontage is now earning from 6to 7 per cent net income upon the prices quoted above, and has done ao for years. Of tbe future, of course every man has a theory which fits the case of his holdings, but there seems to be no ques tion that the trend of buainess will continue to the sonth. The physical condition of the ground favors tbis, for business men prefer to stand on level ground, and while building in that di rection may increase the dietance to railroad depots, yet the advantages of more room and closer connection with tbe more populous residence sections, will continue to bave their influence. The time is not far distant wben the junctions of Spring and Broadway with Main will be reached, where these streets will flow into one channel, and there can be but little doubt but that from that point south Main stieet will inherit the prosperity of all three. The future history of the more northern por tion of Main, from First to Eighth, lies largely in the hands of the present owners. A liberal policy will tend to the recovery of the loßt ground. Tiie contemplated im provements in the Main Btreet aud Agricultural Park stieet railway system will be a great help, but there will have to be some exceedingly lively "bustling" ou the part of owners before trade can bo brought back. The wholesale district of Los Angeles is yet to be located. l,os Angeles Btreet iB now doing the beavy business. for which it ia well adapted by reason of its width and its proximity to railroad depots, but diy goods and kindred lines have as yet no habitation and are scattered all over town. The j ibbiug trails of the city is ac yet in its infancy, hut it is increasing very rapidly, and the time is near at hand when better accommodations will be demanded. The property-owners of Broadway would show wisdeni lv build ing with a view to nisetiug the increas ing demands of j ibbers. The following table gives nt, a glance the veluea of frontage in 1883, iv 1887 and 1803, showing tbe comparative prices for thoae dates: soil and climate can produce, and the Bight overwhelms him with wonder. The indelible impression is produced on his memory which will bear fruit at some later date in the description which he gives of the country on hie retnrn, or perhaps in his ultimate removal to Southern California. The exhibit also works good in a way little suspected by those not familiar with it, in the lesson which it gives our own people in the capacity of the country In which they dwell. During the fruit season tbe ranchers vie with one another to bring their choicest pro ducts for display at the chamber, and the effect ia a good-natured rivalry, which stimulates every line of agricul tural work. In connection with the, exhibit hall is the mailing room, front, which hun dreds of thousands of pieces of Cali fornia literatnre are sent out annually. Since it cams into existence the cham ber has issued pamphlets and bulle tins with a total circulation of about a quarter of a million copies, and it has assisted in the distribution of nearly twice as many more. As a result of thia dissemination of literatnre, in quiries flow in from all sections of tbe nnion, and from all countries of tbe globe. These letters of inquiry are carefully attended to, and in many in stances result in actual settlers coming to the country. IN INYO COUNTY. Some Great Works of Progress Under Way. M. B. Miller came in yesterday from Inyo county, where be had been for some weeks past. Mr. Miller is inter ested in building the big canal from Owens river to Indian Wells valley. He says camps are formed along the line of the canal, and men, machines and ani mals are put to work as fast as the sur veyors can set stakes along tbe first 20 mileß of the canal. All of that stretch is over open ground that can be worked by plows and scrapers. Tbis canal is intended to carry a stream of water 10 feet deep, being the deepest irrigating canal yet projected in the United States. Tbe Calloway canal in Kern county iB tbe largest irrigating work yet conatructed in California, and the depth of water there ia aix feet. The canal from Owens river will irri gate eeveral thousand acres of land be tween Owene lake and Indian Wei Id valley; thie tract alone contains 400,000 acres. Tbis is another of the great enter prises now under way that will add mneh to tbe prosperity of Loa Angelea within tne next year or two. IN THE FRONT RANK. ONTARIO, A MODEL COLONY CITY OF THE SOUTH. The Fast Tear Haa Been One or Prog ress and Development - Fertile Ranchea aad a Delightful Resldenoe Place. [BY R. K. HI ACKBURN.] In the front rank of the citrus fruit colonies of Soathern California, stands this beautiful garden spot. Ontario on the west is bounded by the prosperous ; and progressive Pomona settlement. | while on its eastern lines lies Cncamonga, lof ancient and honorable fame. On the ! southern confines ol the model colony lies tbe principality ol Richard Gird, a grand expanse of broad acres sloping from Ontario down to tbe Santa Ana river. On tbis famous Ciiino ranch thonsands of acres of beets are yearly grown to feed the capacious maw of the Onxard Sugar Factory, the largest mas ticator of sugar beets in the United States. To the north of Ontario are the high peaks of San Antonio, familiarly known as Old Cably, and tbe mountains which respectively bear tho names of Ontario and Cucamouga. Thiß grand mountain range forms a great protection from desert winds to tiie lovely plain which stretches across ihe valley on a gradual slope southward to tbe Rincon, come 16 miles away. Ontario was planned and platted in 1883 by the Chaffers—two brothers whoße colony projects are of world-wide fame, and who are now carrying on in Australia the most gigantic colonization enterprises the world has ever known. As a citrus growing locality Ontario is especially famous, and has frequently carried oil the palm of victory at, citruu exhibitions here and in the east. A homelike place, with many evi dences of the culture and wealth of the dwellers, Ontario attracta the eye of the etranger, and ottimea entices the pil grim to health's shrine to make this lovely resting place bis permanent abode. As a health and pleasure resort On tario takes high place. The beauty of its situation and charming surroundings are unsurpassed, while the superior social advantages it poseeßes are ac knowledged by all who have enjoyed its hospitality. Malaial conditions do not here exist nor does frost play sad havoc with its gardens and groves. Every variety of semi-tropic fruit grows here, but the land and climate of the place are bo exceptionally excellent lor the culture of the orange and lemon that most of tbe g oves are solidly planted to citrua trees. Owing to its altitude—from 1000 to 2000 feet above sea level —and its remoteness from the coast, Ontario ie comparatively free from foge, and her fruit ia conse quently brilliantly bright and clean. Between five apd six thousand acres in thia colony are covered with lemon and orange trees and the planting of citrus fruit trees goes on from year to year without ceeßation. Laßt year over one thousand acres were set out to citrus trees and preparations are now being made to improve, during tbe winter, a thousand acres more. Ontorio'B grand boulevard, Euclid avenue, with its mag nificent snade trees, three driveway; and fainouß gravity car line, have been so often described —by enthusiasts profes sional nd lay, that extended men tion need not here be made of the fine avenue. Ontario has three poßtoffices, San Antonio, at the base of the foothills, North Ontario, on the Santa F'e, and Ontario on the Southern Pacific railroad. At North Ontario a large shipping business is carried on and much of tbe deciduous fruit of Cncamonga and On tario is dried, packed and sent abroad from this point. About a mile south of the Santa Fo stands Chaffey college, an institute of learning founded by the pio jsctorß of the colony, and partially sup ported by their generous donation of 340 acres of the moat valuable land in tbe tract. Two miles to tbe south of the Santa Fe lies Ontario town, a bright and handsome place, containing several aubstantial brick busineaa blocks, num erous hotels, churches and schools. A canning factory at this place is carried on succeaßfully, and even in dull times has no difficulty in diaposing of its fa mous "Hawkeye" brand. There are two railroads from thia point to Chino—Richard Gird'e line and the Southern Pacific branch road, the latter soon to be extended to Klsinore, on the Sonthern Pacific's projected route to San Diego. Ontario ie 30 miles east of Los Angeles and 18 west of Colton, on the Southern Pacific railroad. Vtouiau'e Outlook. Woman must and will have a more de termined place. She has always had control of the family. She has always hud an interest in the aggregation of tontines which we call society. Now the out'ook broadens. I believe women should control school boards. As mayor of Chicago I nominated last seaaon, de spite much opposition and much to the chagrin of politicians, a woman on the school board.—Carter Harrison. THE BICKNELL BLOCK. A Triumph of Architectural Skill Adorn lne; tha Olty. The Bicknell block is one of the solid structures of Los Angeles, situated, as it la. in'what is destined to become the direct bußiness center of the city. Its prominence ie an assured fact. The structure is four stories high, with a terra cotta and pressed brick frontage of 60 feet at Nos. 225, 227 and 220 South Broadway, with a depth of 190 feet. It was buiit in 1891, at an approximate cost of about $75,000, for the ex press purpose of giving the Los Angeles Furniture company an adequate building in which to conduct their exteneive business. The Hon. J. D. Bicknell, the owner, is one of the leading members of the Lob Angelee legal fraternity, wbo by thrift and good j dgment in making investments, has attained a competency that enables him enjoy life in ease and comfort if he so desired; but as he ia still a compara tively young man, he continues tbe practice of his profession, haying the con fidence of a large clientage. The judge iB the legal advisor and trustee of the Bradbury end Hollenbeck estates, two of the largest property and realty inter ests of Southern California. The Los Ange co Furniture company, The llickuctl Block, on Broadway. the firm tbat occupies the beautiful edifice, is a stock company, of which Gov. H. H. Mark ham is president and Gen. E. P. Johnson, commander of tbe First brigade, National Guard of Cali fornia, is vice-president and manager. This personnel is a surety of the confi dence and esteem in which the com pany is held. The first floor is devoted to dining room, hall and office furniture, of which every imaginable design ie car ried in stock. On tbe second floor are bed room sets complete, of which there are hundreds of styles, besides innumer able varieties of folding beds and other sleeping chamber appurtenances, that as a whole make one of the most com plete stocks that can be found in any store of ita kind in the United States. The third floor is where luxury, ease and comfort revel in a striking manner. This department is devoted entirely to tbe parlor and library interests. The finest kind of enameled and gold furniture is shown in profusion, while tbe parlor tables in uniqueness and variety are un equalled in Sonthern California. A special feature of this department is the stock of ebony tables, the firm being noted as the only one south of San Francisco that carries a complete line of these goods. On tbe upper floor are the rooms in which carpets, rugs of all kinde, tapes tries and draperits are exhibited. Tbe stock is large and varied and ie under the direction of men of taste and design. Tbe entire stock is surely a complete one, as the firm make it a rule to cater to those of limited means aa well as the moat wealthy citizens. In tbe rear of each deportment is a special convenient feature, that is the workshop of each department is located there, where a large number of hands are constantly employed. A coterie of courteous clerks are always in attendance, and General Johnson gives the business his personal supervison. A Watering Place Which Ie Rapidly Progressing. Eight yeara ago there were but a few abantiea where the town of Long Beach now stands. The town was born before the boom, aad ever since its birth it has been steadily and healthily growing. The latest enterprise is the erection of a $15,000 pleasure pier and wharf. The wharf is situated at the foot of Fine Btreet, tbe principal business street of tbe city, and is equal to any other on the coast. The material is Oregon hemlock. Over all tbe length of the wharf is 1650 feet. It is constructed on tbe I. plan. The pier is 20 leet wide and rnns from the bluff 1440 feet to the wharf proper, which is 210 feet long. The wharf widens to 80 feet and is built towards the west, where tbe vessels will be moored. Long Beach is situated on Ban Pedro bay. The prettiest natural feature of the place is its elegant beach, which runs unbroken from New fiver on tbe east to tbe San Gabriel river on the west, a distance of nearly six miles. Tbe sand is as perfect a driveway as the hardest road. The beach exceeds any thing else on tbe coast in point of width and general beauty. During the sum mer three different organizations hold tbeir sessions in Long Beach. For the paat eight years tha Chautauqua society of Southern California has met for nearly two weeks eaoh year and tbe Methodists and Frienda.both held camp meetings and revivals. These organizations meet in tbe Chautauqua building, especially constructed for tbis purpose. It is situ ated at one end of a large grove of euca lyptus trees which affords a most perfect camping ground, and during tbe various sessions is crowded with the White tents of the many followers oi tbe organiza tions. The Southern Pacific and Terminal railioads both run to Long Beach, and during the paat year many improve menta have been made in the way of new residences and business homes. LONG BEACH. FAIR SANTA BARBARA. THE CHANNEL CITY AND ITS DAINTY CHARM. One of the Spota on Earth F&Tcrati by the Godi-Ita Progress In Theae Latter Daya. [by frank m. SKI.OVER ] To convince a Barbarefio tbat there is any other spot on earth co favored of heaven no his own Channel City it something never yet accomplished. All arguments are fruitless; and when, as a last resort, be is invited to visit other places to soj for himself their superior ity, he appears iurprised and exclaims: "Why should I go eleewhere? 1 am sat isfied with my home." liver since Southern California was opened to the world as a place oi sojourn and resort, Santa Barbara baa received her quota of visitors. With sightseers came permanent residents, until the Flower City haa grown from a Spanish, Mexican, Indian settlement of 100 years ago, to a charming city of homes, where gather the intellectual, tho talented, the wealthy, the retired, who either for health, pleasure or a deeiro to escape the disagreeable, constitution-wrecking regions bay md the Rockies, take up their rosidcuce in a milder clime. The location oi onr city ie not sur passed. At Point (Jonccpcion, about 40 miles distant, tne coast takes in east ward turn and continues on that bear ing tor 60 mile-; to the north und east rise tbe Santa Ynez mountains. South ward tbe channel islands form v bar rier. Towards tbe west the mesa or highland affords protection. Thus, it will be seen, the city is en closed on all points. Winds cannot gain acceaß, and togs are the exception. Tbe temperature at no place on the con tinent is more even. Gentle, cooling breezes from the sea modify the beat of the summer sun. In winter the same currents from the Bouth warm the other wise chilling air. Frost, except in the lower places, is never seen. So mild is it. that the most tender semi-tropi cal, and in some instances, tropical, plants can be grown in the open air the year around, without fear of climatic changes. Nature haa surely blessed Santa Barbara. The Beueous, while not so marked, are in common with other parts of Southern California bordering on the coast. Tbe rainfall averageß about 17 inches an nually. In late yeare the residents have taken a great interest in public improve ments. Streets have been sewered, graded and paved. A boulevard by tbe beach wew completed during 1893, and trees and shrubs planted alongthe drive. The population of tbe city is about (1000 or 7000, not including a large num ber of families who are considered resi dents, bat wbo are in town only six montbß of each year. The municipal limits do not include several pretentious "additions" which sooner or later must be incorporated with the city. For in stance, just outside the holders ia the Oak Park tract where hundreds of people find tbeir homes but are not counted aa residents. Arlington HeigbtSinjikewise without tbe city, ie becoming % and populous place ol residence, ■ Were these districts, which are to all purposes a part of Santa Barbara, included in the census enumeration the record would show 8000 or 10,000. Tbe city ia well lighted by electricity and gasa. The streets are kept in ex cellent condition. The water supply ia furnished by the Santa Barbara water company, but several propositions are now beiug considered with the view of municipal control of thiß important and necessary commodity. Ab a business point Santa Barbara compares well with other cities of its size, though it is considered more of a resort than a commercial center. From the islands (ownea mainly by citizens of thia county), wool, hidea, tallow, sheep and muttoh are shipped in large quan tities, but in moßt cases directly to San Francisco without transferring at this port. Lumber from the pine and red wood regions is landed by achaoners at the wharves. The lumber merchants are working up a considerable trade with adjoining localities, and their busi ness is c... tantly increasing. Every year vessels with coal discharge their cargoes, and the harbor ie becoming well known to mariners. Tbe mining of asphaltum and bitu minous rock is an important industry. Tbere are several rich mines within short distances, and large shipments are made continually. In Ml Montecito lemon culture is attracting the attention of tbe ranch ers, many of whom are men of means and more than average. intelligence, able both financially and from an edu cational point of view to experiment knowingly with fruit growing and curing. Thousands of trees have been set out and Santa Barbara lemons com mand the highest price in the market. The orange has proved a satisfactory crop, but lemons are now given tbe preference. Olives, principally for tbe oil, are raised to a great extent. Since the pioneer orchard at Kllwood baa scored such a great succees, acre after acre of these trees have been planted. The returns have always been good. Anew mill just put in operation by the Monte cito Manufacturing company cannot procure a sufficient quantity to meet demands. The Montecito—which is, by the way, the favorite suburb and home of those loving country life —is a beautiful val ley about tbiee miles from the city. Two mileß below is Summerland, a spiritualist colony. In tbe Carpinteria valley, 12 miles distant from Santa Barbara, tbe principal product has been beans, mainly Linias. Farmers bave grown rich with thia crop. Chicago, New York and Boston are the foremost shipping points, and hundreds of car loads are sold yearly. Lemons, olives, peaches, apricots and like fruits, barley, corn and vegetables are grown to perfec tion in this and adjoining valleys; in fact, the diversity of products is an ever-increasing wonder, even to the natives. From Goleta, six miles west, walnnte, beans and pampas plumes form tbe bulk of the shipments, and nearly every known fruit, from the hardy apple to the tender banana, is raised successfully. In tbis article only that portion of Santa Barbara county lying south of the Santa Ynez range has been touched. It should be remembered that oyer'the mountains is the greatest territory though tbe lees population. Large ranches, from 15,000 to 60,000 acres owned by individuals or companies has been a serious drawback to thiß section. The land could not bo bought in small tracts, and waa not properly cultivated. A change is now taking place. Any quantity of excellent land in tracta to euit cast be purchased at reasonable prices in the Santa Maria, Lompoc, or other valleys. Grain, nuts or fruit can be raised to advantage. A railroad is about to penetrate this region which will add etill greater impetus lo busi ness. It is a district which will be in a very few years rich and prosperous, and which holds out grand inducements to settlers. The railroad —the Southern Pacific — when completed will form a continuous line from Lob Angelee to San Francisco via Santa Barbara. The city expects groat things with its coming; being now practically side-tracked, an improvement in business is rightly anticipated when tbe main line is finished. . Withal, Santa Barbara ia making sat isfactory advancement. Universal dull times have of conree affected tbis locality, but there have been no bank failures nor has any business house been forced to the wall. What city can say so much? COVINA. one of ill* Gems of the Orange Belt of SolUlifm California. Covins is in Los Angeles county, and about 24 miles duo east of Los Angeles city. It is situated in tbe aouthern part of what ia known no Azusa valley, and is a rich, fc-rt.i i ; ot In an almost frost less region. Covina was Jhe first town regularly laid out in the valley, and is a part of whit! il known on the map as the Phillips tract, Tbe tlret building erected on the town site wus the old Covina Independent building, a newspaper started in D; cember, 1884, hy 11. N. Short and J. K. Conlee. Since that time the tract of 2000 acres nas been settled, nearly every 10 acres having a residence on it. The principal crop is the orange, and some of tbe thriltieet groves to be found iv Southern California are located here. I here are now adjacent to Corvina about 4000 acres in oranges and lemons, and the crop for 6-year-old trees, are prom ising iudeed. There are at Covina several well filled Btores covering all kinds of mer chandise, blacksmith shope, a harness and sboemuker shoo, drng store, etc., and about 30 residences. The popula tion is about 401) for the town, and '. jut part of the valley which supports it hts v population of about 25C0. The Covina Argus, published by i. R. Conlee, ia now two years old and has a good circu lation in the valley, and ie a prosperous country weekly. The laud around Covins is like River side land, very high, ranging from $250 per sore for unimproved laud lo as high as $1000 per aero tor improved. The buildings are tiis'-class, some houses costing as high aa $8000. The assessment books would chow, for the 5000 acres assessed in the Covina district, at the low rate ot $100 per acre, $500,000, while if a syndicate should attempt to buy the same it could not be had for lees tiian $1,500,000. The climate is us miid as can be found in this part of the Pacific Coast and is almost frostless, no frost occur ring up to this writing severe enough to injure tomato vines. The soil is a sandy loam, never bakeß after irrigation, yet heavy enough to hold moisture for weeks after being wet. For a community which is really but seven years old (the n age of the old est orange trees in t c neighborhood) Covina is a very prosperous one. The ranch owners are practically out of debt end but few mortgages adorn their omes. There is a good school and three chftrches in the town. Tbe Methodist Episcopal church was ttie first built, and it is a house large enough to seat a congregation of 300, while tbo Episcopal chinch will accommodate about Loo, and the German Brethren (Uunkarda) which will seat about 100. ALHAMBR*. Th« Queen Colony of Frult-Growera In San Oabrlel Valley. Just 23 minutes' ride from the corner of Spring und First streets, thiß city, to the center of Alhambra, three minutes' brisk walk to Commercial Southern Pa cific depot, 17 minutes on the train, and another three minutes' walk from the Alhambra depot lands, you are at the Alhambra hotel, the center of the sub ject of this sketch. The Terminal lands its passengers within one block of the hotel. ' Alhambra is a settlement, not a town, of fruit-growetß and men who live here with their families, but have business in Loa Angeles, altogether about 1200 tools. The orange ia the favorite production, something over 100 carloads being shipped from this station every season. The lemon does exceedingly well here, and many new orchards are being plant ed, and still there is room for more. The peach and apricot excel in quality and Bize, and critical competition with fruit grown at Newcastle, the boaa peach sec tion of the northern citrus belt, showa the Alhambra fruit the best for shipping and canning. The prune has not been a success, but it is thought the heavier lands on our south will grow them to per fection. This is a berry country, several or cbardists having made a Jiving off of their vines between the rows while tbeir orange treea were growing. The wine grapes growing here have alwayß bean noted for the fine quality winea they make. The San Gabriel winery, tiie largest, most complete and best ar ranged winery in tbe world, ia at Ra mona, the twin settlement of Alhambra. Of course irrigation ia the mainstay, and water is abundant, distributed in steel pipes over the settlement, furnish ing as weii tbe moat wholesome soft water for domestic use. They have churches and schools s«a ond to none, with a society noted for Its sociability as well. Alhambra is so near the city of Los Angeles that, in fact, it is easier to go into tbe town on all occa sions than if we lived a few blocks away from tbe center and not directly on some street car line. The growth of Alhambra has been gradual, never had a boom, and courts none. Tbe new residences built the past year have cost nearly $150,000. One thousand acre's more land on the couth have been placed under water pipe system, and are no«r placed on tbe market. ............ .Kb. Empress Elizabeth of Austria lately built at an enormou3 cost a magnificent; marble villa at Corf a aud christened it "L'Achilloion." Her majesty las made tho following codicil to her will; "I wish to be interred at Corfu, near the river, so that the waves can continually break on my tomb." Hlch Praise. Dr. Julia Washburn of Lexington, Ky., read a paper on "Women and Medicine" before the recent annual convention of tho Kentucky Homoeopathic society. Tho Medical Century Bays of it that it was n masterpiece and Wti reid without fault.