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BIJIBTAI ISn ADVOCATED AND ••WILD CAT" AND "RED DOO" CURRENCY DHPRECATtD IN TUB STATB CONVENTION. VOL. XLIL NO. 57. D Kr* I? D A Dl 7 / A Mohair, Alpaca or Wool Skeleton X JXllijL AJLtll. / Co * t - or Coat » naVe3t v the onlT J comfortable thing to wear in hot 1 weather. tfOR THE Are Yta Going to the Sea Shore ? HEAT OF mt BaiDg M S UMMEiR 1 W ' ar , e lowing large and com \ plete lines from $2 25 to $8 00. Have you teen our line of White Vesta at 75c ? Also a big line of Fancy Vests in all designs and prices. Mullen, Bluett i Co. LEADING ONE-PRICE CLOTBIERS AND FURNISHERS, COR FIRST AND SPRING STREETS. civ 1 . 11 * 1 ' W - 1 » 11 - W BWMMMi - " '■ ■ 1 1 — n» CRYSTAL PALACE 188, 140 AND 142 S. MAIN ST. 40HAVILAND CHINA # ON SPECIAL SALE THIS WEEK BEAD THI FOLLOWING PR'CEB DHSBKhT PIATES Worth 81 BO per set $ 7.5 sin I' PLATS* Worth 175r«nl 95 SAUOK PLATS* Wi.ni 7ft ,«r wit 40 JNMV. BOTTSB.B , Worth lill ptrnt 30 TSa ( UPB ANDBAireE c Worth :■ 00 par set 100 CuFFS* CUPS AND BACUKKS Wurth 2 ,"iO per sol IAO FIOKI.X DISHES., Worth 40 each 20 VICw). I A HI.E I) SH I S Worth 7ft each 40 VK.ET vBl .It DI HIS Worth lOOeitch SO OAKKPI, T»B - Worth 75 each 40 HA i ai> BOWL* Worth 1 SO each 70 COVD. BUTTER DIeHES Worth IROeach 70 CKIAMKB.B Worth 50 each 25 dkk.au fk-Mane) Worth 75 each 40 SOUP TUREENS' Worth 3 SO each 200 MEYBERG BROS. A THE BOLLENBECK Best Appointed Hotel in ||jßfitslttlj[BM,i IP American and European PUuaV 10-7 6m PROPRIETORS m CERRILLOS COALS BEST EVER OFFERED IN THIS MARKET. BOTH BITUMINOUS AND ANTHRACITE Oar White A»h tsoft) li nnsarnassed for ateam, (rat* or domestic use. The Cerrllloa Anthracite haa uo taperlor. Parties who u>e Anthracite ahould secure our prices. Katea reasonable. TELEPHONE 426. J. C. COOMBS, Gen'i Agt. OFFIOE EAST SANTA FE DEPOT. IMPORTING GROCER, 136-138 N. Spring mm Catalina ISLAND. VIA SAN PEDRO. The (em of the PanlAc Coast Winter and Bummer Resorts, nnsnrpassed fishing, wild ■cat hunting, enchanting scenery, periect climate, excellent hotels. For dates anil connections see Southern Pno r).I Co '« and Terminal Railway tlrae-tibies lv this v iper. Hoiei Metropole, for the summe: season, opens June Ut. O Kafla, Ute of Palace Hotel, Nan Frmcisuo, au > Sar atoga, caterer. Cnlslue aooond to none. The celebrate! Santa Oatal n* Island Ore lestra of sololats. Before you decide for the simmer ani'ure information by calling on or adaresslne . P. H. W. Heoo nl at.. Los < nit-le-. Oa.l. TEL. 882. TEL. 682. BUY rsSIsER of WILLAMETTE LUMBER CO. Manufacturer', Wholesale mil Retail Dealers In -$f OREGON PINE AND HUMBOLDT REDWOOD Mills, Portland, Ore. We make a specialty of Mining Timbers. ma:n TJs CK A'N g u 6 a L V. p gi?. a BTKB ' r - B. F. VREELAND, Ag't ¥- L WESTMINSTER AMERICAN AMU KUUOPKAN PL4SS. 275 LOOMS. 75 SUITES WITH BATHS. POTTER &v JOHNSON. PROPR'S. HOTEL ARCADIA S A 1 SANTA MONIOA. The finest hot salt water baths and surf bathing in the wir d; excellent table; home comior b mid pollie attewtlon: reas'inab c rates; ample ao :omm»d^tions. Burns, FOR MAN Braises, MUSTANG LINIMENT fchetunatism. .. AND BEAST. Stiffjointa. The Herald LOS ANGELES, THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 7. 1894 BLOODY BATTLE FOUGHT. Little's Coal Mine Attacked by Miners. A Shaft Set on Fire and Men Killed. A Hob Attacks the Dnquesne Tnbe Works. The Labor Situation la Several States Is Very Herlons, and Scenes of Yloleneo Are Fro qatati By the Associated Press, Pekin, 111., Jane 6—There wita a bloody battle at Little's coal mine, five miles down the Illinois river, today. Word was received here that 500 miners from the west of the river were aboat to attack the mine. Sheriff Frederick swore in a posse and set ont for the scene. The strikers had assembled at Bentonville and crossed the Illinois on ferries. The sheriff remonstrated with the mob in vain. The leader of the strikers, with a revolver in each hand, cried out, "Follow me!" and the crowd cheered. The two Littles and their sons and a colored man retreated to the lower shaft and opened tire on the at tacking party. The tire was returns t and several shots were fired into the shaft. Littls hoisted a white flag, but the firing did not cease. The shaft was set on fire and it was feared the powder bouse would be fired, so the orowd re treated. The killed: Jack Jackson, colored miner. Ed Bloom, one of the strikers. Wounded: Ed. Porter and Peter Little of the be sieged party. The former shot in the breast, probably fatally, the latter in the arm. Half a dozen were slightly hart. There are a number of miners in the shaft, who it is feared are suffocated. Among them are Gus and Fred Morilz and John Rockey. The sheriff and posse have returned from the ecene un able to cope with the mob. A lot of men who had buckets of oil saturated the woodwork and appliud a match. The besieged men were forced to desert their place of shelter and make a run for life. William Dickaon, a col ored man, was shot through the shoul der and probably fatally injured. Peter Little bad an eye shot away aod the en gineer was probably fatally wounded. A negro miner employed by (be Lit tles bad a band shot off. The fire spread to the powder bouse, a short distance from the buildings, and it exploded win a frightful roar. After th<a the mob retired to its boats, crossed the river and scattered amoog the ra vines and hills. The early reports are that a number of men were in the Little shaft when the buildings were destroyed appear to have been unfounded. Tit It miners' retreat. Marion, 111., June 6.—The miners broke camp at Carterville today and re treated before the militia arrived. The militia have control of all the switches and mines and 40 cars of coal will be run out that had been held. Six lead ers of the mob were arrssted and are now under guard. A number of arrests will be made tonight. THE SITUATION AT MCKEESFOST. McKeebfoht, Juns 6.—At 2:30 o'clock 6000 strikers, carrying pit lamps, left for Duquesne to barn the tipples. Mayor Andre leaned another proclamation at 3 o'clock commanding all the unemployed to stop congregating on the s rents un der penalty of arrest, and ordering all saloons and wholesale liquor bouses closed until further orders. The strik ers now command the bridges and rail roads, and will fire upon any deputies brought in sight. Tber have obtained 30 large oannons, two of which were used by tbe Home stead strikers two yeaie ago. They were planted in a commanding position on the river bank about 200 yards apart, and manned by eight men each. One of the guns is heavily loaded with railroad iron. There were probably many men hurt rioting yesterday. Lewis Manlin and Joseph 8. Kebsky sustained injuries which may result fatally. Wi.en tbe mob reached Duquesne it bad increased to 6000 strikers and sym pathizers. With yells tbey attaked the Duquesne tube works, drove all the men out of the plant, drew the fires and ran the hot metal from the furnaces out on the floors. The reason the strikers gave for their action is that the works were nsing scab oil. As the Btrikers left one of tbe men threw a plank in front of tbe train nearing, de railing it. They left the mill on a run end started back over the bills, going to tbe pits in Mifflin township. || At midnight the town is quiet, and tbe hardworked crowd is recruiting strength, probably for another raid to morrow. A striker named Lallterback, aho was injured yesterday, died at tbe hospital to-night. STONED THE TRAINMEN. Braztl, June 6.— This afternoon a crowd of angry miners blockaded num ber one, Vandalia west-bound freight train east of here, and atoned the train men. Tbe engineer, William Bars, was struck on tha bead with a heavy stone and Instantly killed. Brakeman A. J. Horseman was bit on tbe back and badly hurt. The strikers continued throwing stones until every window in the caboose and engine was broken. Tbe excitement is intense. Officers are in hot pursuit of tbe strikers. Tbe dead engineer and injured brakeman are from Terre Haute. Early in the day a crowd of strikers ■topped'tbe mixed train carrying freight and pasiengere between tbie place and I'Uy City, on tbe Evansville and Terre H ate road. The train was hauling several cars of coal, taken from a side track near Clay City, and was bound for Chicago. Tbe miners bad been dili gently guarding tbe coal,and quickly or .agnized a crowd ad Mveral fcundW l«) : • top the train. The train carried the United States mail, and it was thought tbe mnera would permit tbe train to come to this city when made aware of that fact, but tbey were unruly and re fused to allow tbe train to move. The coal was sidetracked. BLOODSHED EXPECTED. Clay City, Ind., Jane <f.—United States Marshal Hawkins arrived here late this evening, in response to instruc tions from Judge Baker, and is procur ing the names of all minets who assisted in holding up the mixed tra n carrying coal and United Slates mail today. After procuring the names of several leaders, Marshal Hawkins left for Brazil. At 8:30 p m. a force of minsrs were at work loading cars of coal on tbo side tracks. It is rumored several companies of militia are marching here. Kxeite ment is increasing and there it a belief that tomorrow there will be bloodshed. EFFORTS TO BRUAK THE STRIKE, PiTTSBi iio, June 6. —The first deter mined effort of tbe coal operators in the Pittsburg district to break tbe strike was made at several places today. At Manown the Yonghigbeny Gas and Coal company put In their mines 1110 depu tes, heavily armed, to protect the non union men who went to work. An out break is expected in the morning, when the strikers olaim tbey will have at least 1000 men on hand at daybreak. They have been thrown into the wildest ex citement by tbe arrival of imparted men and deputies. serious situation. Cambridge, 0., June 6.-—The situa tion here tonight is very serious. Tbe miners ars dstermined tnat no more coal shall pass, no matter what must be resorted to to prevent it. Oae coal train slipped through by running on a pas ssnger train's schedule. When tbe pas senger train followed, the miners flagged it. They were very angry over being fooled by the engineer of the coal train. The passenger train got through, but it received a volley of stones, all the win dows being broken. The passengers, however, had been warned and were not hurt. The mob then became so desper ate as to alarm tbe citizens, and Sheriff Mason has asked Governor McKiniey to send troops immediately. THEY WERE RELEASED. St. Joseph, Mo., June 6. —The miners who were srrested charged with stealing a Santa Fe train wsre released on bout' this morning, a formal charge having been made against them in the criminal court. Tue sum was $500 in each case, and was furnished by tbe city marshal of Richmond, Mo., wbe brought tbe men sufficient money to pay their fare home, for which place they left at once. OFFER TO HURRENDER. Cripple Creek, Colo., June 6.—There will be no battle between tbe fortified onion miners on Bull Hill and the army of deputy sheriffs who ore Kow en oamped on Beaver creek less than five miles from Bull bill, unless a treacher ous move is made by one sitie or tbe other. * The aspect of affairs was decidedly warlike until 3 o'clock this afternoon. Although the deputies cut all telegraph lines betwesn this city and Midland tbe miners were quickly informed by their scoots of tbe advance of tbe sheriff's force and prepared for battle. They were willing to surrender to the militia but declared they would never submit to arrest until after the troops arrived. Mayor Lindsay and President Parker of the First National bank called up Sheriff Bowers by tele phone and begged him to stop the depu ties until the troops could reach the camp. Tbe sheriff adhered to this, and there is every reason to believe that there will be no farther hostilities. Al exander Mcintosh, representing the miners, announced that tbey would lay down their arms immediately on the ar rival of the state troops. The deputies will foliow tbe troops to the miners' camp and serve warrants which tbey are said to hold for 200 strikers. MET BY DEPUTIES. Trinidad, Col., Jnne 6.—Over 1000 striking coal miners marched from here today to Sopris, where tbey were met by 300 depnties. Tbey did not try to enter the company's grounds. Only 60 men were working in tbe Sopris mines today. THE MEDICAL CONVENTION. Papers on Cenonsslons and Fractures Followed by a Spread. San Francisco, June 6. —The principal interest in today's programme of tbe American Medical association centered in tbe surgical section, where many es says were read. The leading paper this afternoon was on Concussion of tbe Brain, by Dr. L. C. Lane of San Fran cisco, followed by a series of papers on Fractures. In the medical eection ton ius relative to the pleural cavity pre dominated. In tbe general association tbe annual address on General Medicine was by Dr. O. H. Hughes of St. Louis, who took as bis special topic tbe nervous system in disease and the practice of medicine from a neurological standpoint. Tbe report of tbe librarian was re ceived, and the committee on amend ments to the constitution reported a few changes. More delegates and members arrived today. Over 600 members and delegates are registered, and as they are attended by 400 ladies, the total of all persons attending is over 1000. A dinner to members of the eye, ear and threat section was given tonight. The Baltimore In Cures. Washinoton, June 6.—A cablegram was received at the navy department announcing the arrival of the U. S. S. Baltimore at Chemulpo, Oorea, yester day, but saying nothing with regard to tbe condition of affairs. Inflammatory rheumatism, sciatica swollen or enlarged, hardened or stif fened joints, chronio or acute rheuma tism or neuralgia. Dr. St. John's Ola- Line, 50c a bottle. Off & Vaughn, Fourth and Spring. Tooth brushes. A complete line, and we sell them at 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 and 50 cts., and guarantee every brush. Lit tleboy's pharmacy, 311 S. Spring at. Latest music, Blanchard-Fitzgerald Music Co., 113 & 115> c S. Spring street. TOBACCO GETS A WHIRL. The Senate Toys With the Schedule. And Desultory Discussions Fill the Time. Dolph Delivers the Knd Section of His Speech. Two Railroad Companies Are Granted the Bight at Way to Pass Through Indian Res ervations. By the Associated Press. Washington, June 6. —Before enter ing upon tbe diecuseion of the tariff to day tbe senate passed seven bills, one being a bouse bill and the others senate bills. Among tbe senate bills passed were the following: Granting rijht of way through the Winnebago and Omaha In dian reservations in Nebraska to the Eastern Nebraska and Gulf railroad; granting right of way through the Loch Lake Indian reservation in Minnesota to tbe Northern Minnesota Railroad company. Mr. Blackburn reported favorably a resolution from the committee on rules for the appointment of a special com mittee of five senators on the public dis tress, to whom should be referred tbe petitions of Morrison N. Swift and others bearing upon this subject. It was adopt ed without discussion. When the senate took up the tariff bill today Jones asked leave to withdraw his compromise amendment for tbe tobacco Bche.dule, which made the rule on let f wrappers and unstemraed $1.50 and 12 25 respectively, and to restore tbe bouse amendment in which the rates are $1 and $1.60 respectively. The move was a surprise to the senators on both sides, as by agreement tbe compromise paragraph was adopted pro forma with the under standing that the subject be considered later. The other Jones amendment to tbe tobacco schedule was adopted. It fixed rates on filler tobacco, uustemmed at 35 cents per pound; stemmed, at 50 cents per pouud. Tobacco, manufactured, 40 cents per pound; snuff, 50 cents per pound; cigars, cigarettes and cheroots, $4 per pound and2s per cent ad valorem ; paper cigars or cigarettes to be subject to tbe rates imposed on cigars. The next schedule was agrienltoral products and provisions. All live ani mals, not specially provided for, were made dutiable by the bill at 20 per cent. Mr. Dolph then proceeded to deliver the last installment of his prepared speech, begun some two months ago. He finished at 2:30, after speaking two hours. Mr. Dolph in tbe course of bis speech said that Oregon spoke lor herself. She had set tbe seal of her condemnation on tbe free trade tariff. From advices he bad received Oregon had elected a Re publican governer by from 10,000 to 15.000 plurality, two Republican con gressmen by 1000 plurality and tbe entire opposition to ttie Republicans in the legislature was less than 20 out of a total of 90. Tbe debate was continued in a desul tory manner by Gallinger, Allison, Mills, Wbite and Kyle. A long discussion was precipitated by Mr. Mills, and consumed most of lie afternoon. It was partici pated in by Hoar, Gray, Hawley, Piatt and Teller. Piatt, Washburn, Teller, Vest, Lodge and Allen participated in the debate on barley, wheat, oats, etc, lasting three quarters of an hour after the usual time of adjournment. Here a motion to go into executive session was made, and, no quorum vot ing, the senate adjourned. HOUSE PROCEEDINGS. The Tax oa Btata Clronlattoa BUI Is Defeated. Washington, June 6.—The house to day concurred in tbe senate bill author izing tbe construction of a bridge across the Monongahela river at Homestead; passed tbe bill extending the time of payment for purchase of the lands of the Omaha Indians; adopted a resolu tion anthorizing the payment of $10,000 on tbe contingent (nnd to defray tbe cost of armor plate investigation. Mr. Turner of Georgia addressed the bouse in favor of the bill to repeal the tax on state circulation. Brief speeches in opposition to the bill were made by Representative Vteiklejohn of Nebraska; Bingham of Pennsylvania; Robinson of Pennsylva nia; Cockran of N«w York; Hicks of Pennsylvnnia and Quigg of New York. Mr. Dingier of Maine closed the debate in opposition to the bill. At tbe close of his remarks and after a brief explana tion by Mr. Springer, the vote on Mr. Cox's amendment was taken and it was last on a yea and nay vote—lo2 to 170. The affirmative vote was entirely Democratic. The negative was 88 Re publicans, 75 Democrats and 9 Populists. A viva vnec vote on tbe bill w<ts taken, and the bill wan defeated. At 2:45, amid loud applause, the house went into committee of the whole to consider the Indian appropriation bill, and a filibuster wan started as a re sult of Mr. Holman's request that the first reeding of the bill be dispensed with, Mr. Ray of New York ohjecting. A motion to adjourn was made, and at 3:15 the house adjourned. THAT NIGHT CONFERENCE. Gaston Told Sate Stury at It to Con irresninitti Giidmus. Washington, June 6.—Congressman Cadmus of New Jersey is the man to whom Walter Gas on told the story of the conversation he overheard in the hotel in March. Gaston gave the name to the senate investigating committee today. The committee immediately sent for Cadmns. Representative Cadmus of New Jersey testified as to tbe circumstances undor which Mr. Gaston had related to him tbe *etails of the n'ght conference at the Arlington hotel. Q ton related how the loud discus sion iad continued throughout the fore golrv t.ight. The de ails as given by Mr i <idus.ua were confirmatory of th-.t already given by Mr. Gaston. M> Cadmus did not say that Mr. Gaston mentioned tbe names of public men or others, but if be bad learned any names he would positively decline to give them to the committee. A CONGRESSMAN WEDDED. Meroer of Nebrneka Joined to hllea Abbutt of Minnesota. Washington, June 6.—Representative D. 11 Mercer of Nebraska and Miss Bertie M. Abbott of Minnesota, were married at St. Joseph's Episcopal church this afternoon, ths Ruv. Dr. Randolph Mclvim performing M>e cere mony. The bride is a aister-in-iaw of Judge Locbren, the commissioner of pensions, wbo escorted her to the altar and - .ye ber hand in marriage. There were no ushers or bridesmaids. The bride has been staring with her sister, Mrs. Locbren, the past winter. After the ceremony the couple drove to the bride's boms where they received congratulations of friends and prepared for a trip which will include Virginia beach and possibly a short visit to Ne braska. Army Officers Retired. Washington, June 6.—Eight army of ficers ware retired today on account of disability incurred in tbe service. They are: Lieut.-Col. 8. M. Holton, deputy surgeon general; Capt. M. E. Taylor and W. G. Spencer, surgeons; Past Chaplain S. C. Merrill; Capt. William Conway, Twen'y-Becoud infantry, and John Anderson, Eighteenth infantry: First Lieut. H. C. White, Eighth cav alry, and Second Lieut. A. L. Moriarty, Eighth infantry. As a result of the re tirement but seven of this year's gradu ates of tbe military academy are un provided this year with fall appoint ments to regiments. There will prob ably be other vacancies before the end of tbe year. Industrial Distress Committee. Washington, June 6.—Tne following senator-, have been appointed a commit tee, in compliance with the resolution of Senator Blackburn, agreed to in tbe senate, to receive petitions and bold bearings on tbe existing industrial dis tress: Vilas, Smith, Blackburn, Patton and Gallinger. Cash in the Treasury. Washington, June 6.—The cash bal ance in tbe treasnry at the close ot bus iness today was $110 654,500, of which $74,000,257 is gold reserve. Today's gold engagements (or export amount to $1,750,000, leaving the true amount of the reserve $72,230,500. SAN DIJCGO AROITSKD, Strong ObJ-otloua to Consolidation With th«* rVrt of L,os Angaloa. San Dikgo. Jane 6V—A joint session of the city council was held this evening in response to the call of Mayor Carlson to consider the effort being made to consolidate the ports of Los Angeles and San Diego, with headquarters at San Francisco. Mr. Carlson, in bis message to the council, urged the adoption of resolutions protesting against the pro posed action, and said that be bad di rected a telegram to tbe secretary of tbe treasury, to which a reply bad been re ceived staring that the treasury depart ment whs not advised of tbe proposition to abolish the port of San Diego. This was signed by Assistant Secretary Ham lin, and was regarded as an evasion of the question, as be is the man who is said to be the mover of the proposition, and his late intended visit to the coast was understood to be on this business. It is not known here who is tbe author of tbe bill introduced in congress, and it is hardly thought that it will pass during the present session on accoant of the vast amount of business already in hand, bat there is every indication that San Diego will at once make her posi tion emphatically plain to tbe depart ment and congress. Resolutions were adopted at tonigbt's meeting expressing hostility to tbe proposition aud a mass indignation meeting is called at the chamber of commerce for tomorrow night Loa Angoleß is understood to be equally as much opposed to tbe pro posed consolidation as San Diego, and by united effort it ie thought the folly of the eeheme may be brought to the recognition of the department. STRUGGLING VeXKTITIS, They Meat With PoorSueoaes Wherever Heard From. Cairo, 111., June 6.—The advance guard of Kelly's fleet, consisliug of two b iats and 2a, men, attempted to make a landing today bat was prevented by spe cial officers, who are patrolling tbe levee. The men crossed to the Missouri side of the river, where they will await the arrival of Kelly and tbe rest of tbe navy. Wa»hington, June 6.— Twenty-five New England Coxeyitee, under Captain Taylor, joined the discouraged and hun gry Coxey army today. Kansas City, June 6. —General Ben nett aud his army are still in the East Bottoms waiting for something to turn up which will enable them to resume their trip to Washington. A mass meeting was addressed by tbe general this afternoon, and chief aid, Lieutenant Gannon. The object of the meeting was to raise funds to help build barges for the army to float down the river. Gen eral Bennett and some of the army have bad a falling out, and are now at swords' points. Parkirbbvro, W. Va., June 6.—The 52 members of Frye's army, who are un der arrest for attempting to steal a Bal timore and Ohio train, were released to day on condition that they leave the city. A Crowd Flrad Into. Kennowa, W. Va., June 6. —A guard of 200 men was placed at tbe bridge en trances tonight, and at midnight tbey were compelled to tire into a orowd of men who approached suspiciously from tbe Ohio side and two men are reported killed and a number wounded. A miner. says the killed were John Kebler and an Englishman named Redmond. Tbe trouble it yet going on. j Q. o. p. convention, i j THE REPUBLICANS OF TflE ! « COUNTY WILL TODAY CHOOSE , } DELEGATES TO THE STATE • i CONVENTION. PRICE FIVE CENTS. THE STANFORD ESTATE. The Government Claim to All of it. To Be Strenuously Resisted by the Widow. Foreclosure on the Road the Remedy. The Claim Agalaet Mi < Original Holdera of the Central Pacific Grant Wae Prae»nt»d oa May 26th. By the Associated PreM. San Francisco, Jane 6.—The claim for $15,000,UUU tiled »sy.in it the Stanford estate by Attorney-General Olney, as a preliminary step to enforce the govern ment's claim against the original holders of the Central Pacific grant, has caused the greatest interest here. It is now learned that tbe government'! claim was presented May 26tb, but that an at tempt was made to keep the proceed ings secret, in order that the financial operations of the estate need not be em'oariassed. The late Senator Stanford's estate was recently appraised at $17,600,000. Pines the appraisement heavy,obligations have been met, and it is stated now that tbe enforcement of tbe government's claim would practically wipe out the estate, not only leaving the widow penniless but cutting off all ths beneficiaries un der tbe late senator's will, including tbe endowment of $2,500,000 to Stanford university. It ie even said that the estate, after the liquidation of its ac knowledged debts, may not equal the amount claimed by the government. In this event Senator Stanford's deed of trust, under which Stanford university was founded, wonld not stand, in case tbe decision of tbe courts should be in favor of the government, and Stanford university wonld necessarily be sacrificed to satisfy tbe judgment. Mrs. Stanford in an interview baa stated tbat the government's claim will be resisted to the fullest extent of her ability. She regards tbe proceedings in the nature of a test case, and was nor surprised at the tiling of the claim. Farther than these statements Bhe would not talk. Ad idea of the probable defence was given last night by Mr. Wilson, one of Mrs. Btanlord'i attorneys. In an inter view he said: "The opinion ot tbe attorney general of the United States is entitled to a great deal of consideration, but ha is proceeding on a wrong assump tion. lam free to say that Ido not think ths government will ever be able to collect anything from the estate of the late Leiand Stanford. The govern ment issned bonds to assist in tbe con struction of tbe Central Pacific railroad, out neither Mr. Stanford nor any oae one else ever agreed to pay tbe govern ment back. The bonds operate as a sec ond mortgage. It is not a debt, and while tbe attorney general is perfectly right that in California the members of a corporation are personally responsible for the debts of the corporation, he is wrong in assuming that tiie mortgage is a debt. ' You can't compel a man to pay a mortgage. If I borrow $1000 on a piece of property valued at $500 the Holder of the mortgage can't compel me to pay it wben it becomes due. He can fore close the mortgage and take the prop erty and that is all. "So in this case of the Central Pacific Railroad company the government holds a second mortgage on the company's property oi $60,000,000 The government by paying the first mortgage of $60,000, 000 can foreclose the second mortgage and get control of the road. But it is not to be presumed that the United States would care to expend $120,000, 000 to get control of a road that could be bui t for one-third the amount." William F. Harris, the railroad com pany's chief counsel, nave • similar ex pression of opinion. Neither of these lawyers, however, en ters into discussion of the allegations of fraud which have been made by Con gressman Maguire and otners loudest in the demand for prosecution of the claims against C. P. Buntington and the Stanford, Crocker, Searles and other es tates. Today is the last day under the law whicfc Mrs. Stanford has to accept or reject the government's claim. It is Um ieved she will simply ignore the •.hi, which in law amounts to rejec tion. It will then be in order for the government to institute anil, either in tli« United States courts or the superior court in San Francisco. Attorney tien erai Olney's claim was filed in the pro bete court in San Francisco before Judge Coffey, where the Stanford estate is now undergoing settlement. WAR OECLAKSD, OhleasTO Klerator Hob Will Try to Uroib. the Board of Trade* Chicago, June 6.—The big elevator men have declared war on the board of trade because of the recent adoption of an amendment prohibiting regular ele vator owners from trading in grain on ' lunge. A manifesto has been issued, •ned by the Armours and other big i. -us, announcing that they refuse to i- .omit, and it declares that they will find another way to make their receipts available for delivery. The warehouse msu will deal in giain with producers, consumers and investors, they say, and the system of grain dealing will be changed. There is much talk among elevator people of starting a rival board to crush out the present one. A Tidy Surplus. San Francisco, June 6.— The commis sioners ol this state to the Columbian exposition at Chicago announce that $20,000 remains in the treasury after all bills and otherexpeuseB have been paid. Vhe money will be turned in the state treasury and the work of the commission | will end.