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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, July 02, 1894, Image 1

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IN STATU QUO.
NO IM. ROVEMENT IN THE
STRIKE SITUATION, EAST OR
WEST-IF ANYTHING., IT IS
WOKSE.
VOL. XLII. NO. 82.
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The Herald
LOS ANGELES, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 2, 1894
BESIDE HIS GRANDFATHER
Carnot's Remains Consigned
to the Tomb.
His Body Laid to Rest in the
Pantheon.
The Most Imposins: Funeral Ever
Seeu in France.
President Oaelratr-P.rler Laid Precedent
Aside and Ilode m the Pro
cession—A Terrible Crust,
iv tils Streets.
Bj tlie Associated Press.
Paris, July I.—The remains of the
late President Carnot, the murdered
chief magistrate of France, struck down
hy the baud of Santo, tbe anarchist, at
Lyons laat Sunday night, were depoaited
n the Pantheon today by the aide of the
remains of bis grandfather, Lazare Car
no!, the "organizer of victory."
The funeral was made the occasion for
one of the most remarkable civic and
military displays in the history of
France. Tbe crowds began to gather
along the Champs Elyeee, the Rue
Dtveli and the streets on the De la Cite,
from early morning. People camped all
night, quiet and mournful, discussing
tbo tragedy and cursing the assassin.
At 2 o'clock this morning the streets
along the route were already crowded,
and by 6 o'clock the place de la Con
corde was black with people. The house
tops, windows and balconies of every
house along the line of march, and every
other point of vantage, were occupied,
fabulous sums of money being paid for
the use of houses, windows and balco
nies from which to view the funeral pro
cession.
All classes of oeople, young and old,
rich and poor, crowded to the funeral
from all parts of Paris and from every
department in Francs. Incoming trains
were crowded last night and this morn
ing.
Tbe neighborhood of the British em
bassy was co packed with people yester
day evening that many who wished to
get away in order to obtain food and
drink wero unablo to do so, and Lady
Dufferin, the wife of the British embas
sador, felt so much compassion for them
that she instructed her servants to dis
tribute all tbe refießhments possible to
the throng outßide the dopra of tbeem
basßy. The example of Lady Dufferin
was followed by the occupants of a num
ber of adjoining mansions.
At 0 a.m. the whole route of the pro
cession was packed in a manner never
before Been in this city. The weather
wan gloriously bright, but tbe heat coon
t.ecame almost unbearable. All the
benches, chairs and tables whicb could
be brought out of house? were placed
upon the sidewalks and atanding room
i!p>n them waa auctioned off and in
many cases at large prices.
Linej of troops, infantry, cavalry,
artillery and guards repnblique wore to
bo seen on all eidea, and mounted order
lies dashed here and there bearing mes
sages to and from tho staff of General
Saueßier, the military governor of Paria.
Mourning emblems displayed on all
sides gitve a mournful tone toeverything
and beiped to increase tho gloom which
spread over the vast aasemblage.
Tha crowds at the palace and the place
de la Concorde watched with great in
terest the arrival of tbe carriages 'con
taining the representatives of foreign na
tions and the high officials of thegovem
nient who were escorted by detachments
of dragoons. Then came the cabinet
ministera, who were respectfully sainted,
whicb deeply impressed the solemnity
of the occasion.
There was an immense etir among the
crowds when Caeimir-Porier, successor
of the late president, drove up to the
palace, for, contrary to precedent, the
newely elected chief niagistrateot France
had determined to attend the funeral.
The troops presented arms upon his ar
rival and be waa received al the en
trance of the palace by a number of high
officials.
General Saussier then gave the aignal
for the funeral to oommence.
General fiaueeier, surrounded by a
brilliant atall' at mrunted officers, took
position in the court yard in front of the
magnificent catafalque, upon which the
remains of the late president have been
resting in state eince Friday last, and
the block caßketwith its elaborate silver
mountings waa removed under the sup
erinteudency ol the priosts, who had
been gathered about the .bier from
early morning.
At exactly 10:,"Da. m. the procession
began its march towards the cathedral
of Notre Dame. A squadron of republi
can guards emerged from the grounds of
the palace aud proceeded slowly down
the Avenue Marigini toward the Avenue
Gabiiel and the Ohatnps Elyaee, the
band o! the guards playing a funeral
marc it.
All the troop.i presented arms and the
people uncovered their heads in spite ol
the blitzing Bun. Following the band of
the guurd republicaine, came four of the
principal attendants of tne Elysee with
tri-colored cockades iv their hats. Then
f.iiue two carraiges containing tlie
priests who wero to escort the body to
Notre Dame. After tbe clergy, came a
six-horse luneral car, which had been
used at the funerals of Presidents
Thiers and MacMahou. The casket waß
covered with the tri-color of France and
was heavily draped with cri'pe.
Two infantry captains, bearing a large
velvet cushion upon which reßted Presi
dent Carnot's various orders, marched
»fter the funeral car. They wero fol
lowed by the officers composing the civil
household of the lat« president. Behind
these were the three eana of the dead
man. The other members of tbe family,
excepting the widow, camo next. Preßi
dont Casimir-Perier followed them, bare
headed, with the cordon of the grand
master of the Legion of Honor acroou
bi9 breast.
The president was accompanied by
Gen. Borius, chief of the military house
hold. Behind them came the presidents
of the two chambers —M. Challeiael
Lacour, president of the senate, and M.
de Mahy, acting president of the cham
ber of deputies.
The ambassadors and the stsffs of the
embassies, all in funeral uniform, fol
lowed. Behind them were the cabinet
ministers, headed hy Premier Dapny.
The cardinals and nearly all the senators
and deputies had the next place in the
procession, preceding the personal
friends of the family and the leading
military and naval officers of the re
public.
The remainder of the cortege was
compoaed of deputations from the va
rious departments of ths government,
the Legion of Honor, the different in
stitutes, the cl6rgy and others.
There was one eerioua accident. A
man standing upon some railings over-,
balanced hinieelf and was impaled and
killed.
The heat was so intense that hun
dreds of people fainted, and owing to
the packed crowds it was with difficulty
that they could be succored and re
moved.
The action of President Casimir-Perier
in attending the fnneral received the
approval of the people. By some it was
regarded simply as a mark of respect for
the memory of his predecessor; by
others it waa regarded sb a dedance of
anarchy. At aeveral pointe the presi
dent waa greeted with applause, whicb
was, however, speedily hushed in view
of the Bulemnity of the occasion.
A panic occurred iv the arcades of tho
Rue de la Hivoli, near the Rue Oambot.
As the end of the procession passed, an
officer's horse reared and backed into
the crowd and anrue foolish perßon
shouted, "A bomb!"
Tbe affriKh eu nis,ht9eera made a des
perate ruali in their efforts to escape
what they believed to be an explosion.
Chairs and benches packed with people
were overturned, snd some persons fell
to the ground and were trampled upon.
Tbe proceaaiou waß stopped, and when
Ihe police succeeded iv reassuring the
crowds it was found that although num
bers were trampled, on one was serious
ly iiurt.
The procession reached the cathedral
of Notre Dams at noon, where a moat
impressive scene was witnessed. As the
casket, was taken from tbe funeral car,
the officers all ealuted, tho troops pre- {
aented arms, tb.e trumpets rang out a
grand salute, niuflled drums rolled and
the bells tolled*niournfully.
Tbe clergy, headed by the arohbishop
of Paris, preceded the bier up tbe aiale
to a monumental catafalque.
President Caeimir-Pener took hia
aeat in the private enclosure around tbe
pulpit. Behind him were seated the
members of the lste president's civil
and mili.'ary households. Tho first row
ofchaird waa occupied by the late M.
Carnot'e eons, bia brothor and his eon
in-lnw. The second row waa occupied
by Premier Dtipuy and the other minis
ters. In tbe other row of chairs flat tbe
members of the diplomatic corps and
the official delegations Tho choir of
Notre Dame and the Conaervatorie de
Musiqae executed the liturical chants.
Before pronouncing the absolution the
Archbishop of Pariß d divered an allocu
tion. The cardinal said:
•'By this mourning, which hsa elllicted
every French heart without distinction
of opinion, ono recognizee that France,
in apite ot momenta of orgotfulness and
error, always regarda the chief of state
as the representative oi divine authority.
"The late president waa an uorigbt
mnn in public, ac well as in private lile,
aud those simple words have beon
repeated by all since his death and con
stitute a greater eulogy than orations."
The religious ceremony in the cathe
dral was concluded at - p.m., wiien the
procession re-formod and proceeded
across the river to the Pantheon.
The scenes witnessed during the pas
sage of the procession from the palace
to Notre I Mine were repeated aa it
alowiy made ite way to the Pantheon.
There were a number of spontaneous
outburst* of cheenng. and especially
when President Casimir-Perier was
recognized, but out of respect for the
dead, these outbursts of enthusiasm'
were speedily hushed.
The funeral car and its escort arrived
at the Pantheon nt 2:50 p. m., amid the
booming of a salute of 101 guns, fired by
a company of artillery stationed in the
Jardin dv Luxemburg.
At brief intervals the massed bands
played funeral marches aa the procee-
I eion was winding its wsy from the
cathedral. At the Pantheon the casket
waa removed nraid a trumpet salute and
the roll of noffisd drums.
A number of funeral orations were
delivered and theu the casket contain
ing the remains of the murdered presi
dent waa lowered into the vault and all
diapereed,
! Requiem services iv honor of Carnot
I wero neld today in most of the leading
| citiea in Europe, and wore attended by
I the French diplomats atationed in the
; various cities.
A LA SANTO.
An Itulian Bdllor A s-msainated by An
Anarohlst.
Leghorn, July I.—A crime, somewhat
resembling the murdering of President
Carnot, was committed in thia city to
day. • As Signor fiandi, director of the
Gazette Livornense. w as entering his car
riage, at S o'clock, he was set upon by a
man, whom it wan subsequently learned
was tin anarchist, who drew a knife and
stabbed hint in the abdomen. Siguor
Batldi waa at once attended by phyai
eiaris, who decided that the only hope
of (saving his life WB3 to perform the op
eration of laparotomy. This was done,
but Signor Bandi died a short time aft
er wards.
Romu. July I.—The murder of Signor
Bandi at Leghorn has caused a great
sensation throughout Italy and the feel
ing against tlie anarchists baa been
greatly intensified. The blow delivored
by the assassin caused the dagger to
Continue I ou Page 7.
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• Latest music, Bianciiard-fitzgerald
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Masquerade ball ni.ht Jul; 4th at Music hall.
NO IMPROVEMENT NOTED
In the Strike Situation in
California.
The Southern Pacific Unable to
Run Trains.
Those Sent Out Saturdiy Laid Up
at Way Stations.
The Oregon Express Stalled at Red
niuir and the Nasv Orleans and Los
Angelea Through Train'
at Piakerslield.
By tho Associated Press.
San Francisco, July I.—There seems
to bo no improvement today in theatrike
situation in California, and judging by
the occurrences of the past 24 houra,
even if the Southern Pacific company
eucceeda in eending out more trains
from tbe Otkland yards there is bnt lit
tlo prospect that tbey will proceed far
on their way.
The Oregon expreee which left Oak
land last evening unmolested by atrikera
is now effectually stalled at Red Bluff
and to make the situation worse over
£00 feet of the railroad treatle, a few
milea north of Dunsmuir, waa burned
laet night, and it will take several days
to repair this damage before tbe trains
can pass between here and Portland. It
is claimed that tbe burning ol tbe
treatle is the work of strikers,
bat that fact ia not estab
lished. There is another report
that the trestle waa fired by wood chop
pers who had bsen crowded out of em
ployment by Italians and Chinese. As
noon as tbe tire wasi reported at Onns
muir this morning the local members of
tbe American Rail way anion sent a large
force of men to extinguish tbe flames.
Tbey aleo placed guards at other ex
posed bridges and treaties, and cleared
the town of a number of suspicious
characters.
The strikers have commenced inter
ference with railroad property at Red
Bluff, When the Oregon train arrived
there early thia this morning it was
stopped outside of town by a denser
signal, and when an attempt was made
to start again it was found that tbe track
was greased, and further investigation
showed that it was greased for a distance
of eight miles. The train managed to
get to the station, and then it waa board
ed by strikers, who cat the train in
three sections nnd left it on the main
track. Two deputy marshals who ac
companied the train were powerless. The
strikers also pulled the epikes from the
rails in the yard, emptied tbe water
from the tanks antl secured the switches
with padlocks. The train conld proceed
no further.
Tire Loa Angelos express, which left
Oakland last night, haa likewise failed
to reach its destination. It went as far
aa Fresno but night but tbe fireman de
serted there. A few hours later another
t:, ennui waa obtained snd the train made
a eecond start, and got aa far aa Haters-
Held, when it was attained stalled.
The railroad officials evidently aban
doned tbe idea of moving any trains with
Pullmans attached today and they are
making an effort to clear the railroad
station at Sjcramanso. General Man
ager Towne haa called upon the sheriff
at Sacramento to drive about 2000 strik
ers from tbe station there, so that the
blockade can be raised, bnt the sheriff
insists that the men have not been
guilty of any unlawful act so far, and
that he cannot interfere until they raise
a disturbance.
A special engine and car left Oakland
for Sacramento this afternoon, carrying
Superintendent Fillmore, It is stated
that he will call upon the sheriff there
to clear the station at once, and nnleaa
he complioa Governor Markham will be
aeked to order out the National guard.
AT BAKERSFIELD.
The Orerlaud and tile Loi Angeles Ex
press Sidetracked.
Baiiersfiild, Cal., July I.—Apas.3 en
ger train from San Francisco arrived
here about 5 o'clock this morning with
Pullmans attached, and another passen
ger with Pullmans and mail arrived
about 11 o'clock. Fifty-two passengers
on the Pullman carß are detained here;
all sidetracked and the strikers say that
no trains will leave here with Pullman
cars attached. The train that came nt
11 o'clock was brought in by the master
mechanic of Fresno, who was hissed by
tbe strikers and called pretty rough
tiamos. Several poor women with
families are among tbe paaaengerß who
are destitute, and tbe railroad men
have a relief committee soliciting aid
for them.
AT OAKLAND HOLE.
No Further Attempt to Get Ont Through
Trains.
Oakland, July 1, sp.m.—The railrond
company today made no attempt to net
out overland trains north, south or east,
but confined their attention to local
j traffic. Tbey realized the power of the
I Btrikers in tbe interior, and saw that it
was of no use to send out tiains which
would certainly be tied up at way Bta
tioufl. (jlenerai Superintendent Fillmore
! this afternoon started on n special for
I Sacramento with a force of 10 United
! Stateß deputies recruited from tbe San
j Francisco National guardsmen, ont of
'< employment. Fillmore will malte no
attempt to get into Sacramento by train,
but will drive in from Brighton, four
miles dieutit. The railroad company
evidently regards the situation as seri
ous at Sacramento.
Tho other trains that went out todsy
warn one for Napa ard Santa Kosa at
11:30 a. m.; the Sacramento local at
1:80, which will go only as far as Malt;
the train for Niles and San Jose nt 1:4ll;
another train for Napa and Santa Roaa
at 4:30, and tho Sacramento local, which
will go only to Davioville.
Three trains came in today—ono from
Napa, another from Stockton and a third
trom Davisvilla. That completes tbe
railroad record for the day at tne Oak
land mole. No more moves will be made
by tbe company until tomorrow.
West. Oakland o*l., .Inly 1.-11:30
p.m.—There !■ nothing doing here to
night. The strikers are still in session
but they can do nothing but await de
velopments. President Roberts ol the
local union said tonight that overtures
had been received for a conference with
tbe Southern Pacific company. He did
not know whether tbe striken would
agree to a conference at this stage.
Roberts declared that the demonstra
tions at Dunsranir and Red Bluff were
not made by strikers, and tbey should
not be held responsible for them. Rob
erts said that be anticipated no trouble
at Sacramento unless the railroad com
pany forced it upon themselves.
John Gelder, president of the" Ala
meda Federated trades, assured Presi
dent Roberts today that his organization
would give tbe strikers moral and finan
cial support and that tbe Pacific Coast
Federated trades would probably take
action if the strike lasted much longer.
AT SACRAMENTO.
The HliorlfT Rorn.es to Clear the Depot
of rttrlkere.
Sacramento, Cal., July 1. —Today
opened with no new developments in
tbe railroad Btrike of a local character.
A large crowd of men remained in and
about the depot throughout the night,
leaving only when several hundred
others gathered there in the morning to
relieve them. During tbe forenoon the
crowd increased rapidly and in a few
hoars there was the usual throng of ex
railroad employees ga'hered about, be
sides a large number of other citizens,
who congregated there oat of curiosity.
Groups of men were scattered about
discussing the eituation, but nothing of
a sensational character occurred.
It waa learned that Mra. Stanford,
who has been stopping at Sissona. de
eired to return to San Francisco, and
had pleaded with the managers of tha
Btrike on the Shasta division to allow
ber to proceed on her way, but her re
quest was refused. Tbe burning of the
long trestle above Dunsmuir has now
made it impossible for ber to come.
The steamer Apache left for San Fran
cisco this morning at 10 o'clock with a
load of paßseugers aboard. Several old
timers eaid it reminded them of tbe days
when all the traffic was by steamers.
No attempt was made to influence the
hands or threaten them. A gate-keeper
admitted only those who were provided
with tickets. Quite a crowd bad as
sembled, anticipating possible trouble,
bnt the boat backed ont into the stream
ns quietly as on any day for months
past. The leaders of the strikers stated
that tbey do not propose to interfere
with the boats further, but to let them
carry mails and passengers without
hindrance.
Last night a rather epirited interview
occurred between Division Superinten
dent Wright and Sheriff O'Neil, the
former asking tbe sheriff to go into the
depot and notify the men there that the
company desired its premises cleared of
all persons who had no buaineas there.
O'Neil said he had no right to do a*j,
inasmuch aa they were committing no
acta of violence and it would be nseleae
for him to attempt to compel the men to
leave.
"Then," said Superintendent Wright,
"why not swear in a lot of deputies and
see if the depot and yarda cannot be
cleared, bo the company can proceed
with its business?"
Tho sheriff replied that in his opinion
tbe law did not require him to do any
thing of the kind. Besides, he had con
sulted with bia bondsmen and taken
legal advice, and was satisfied he would
be jeopardizing bis bondsmen if be did
bb waa demanded.
He eaid farther that they bad all been
"brought up together" in this city, and
he could not do more than he bad noti
fied Manager Towne he would do—inter
fere if any violence was attempted.
Superintendent Wright called the
sheriff's attention to tne fact'that the
presence of tbe strikers was a menace
to the company; that tbe latter was
obatructed, aud that if the latter at
tempted to use its property it would be
resisted by force. Bnd that wonld pre
cipitate violence, tbe very thing the
company sought to avoid.
Sheriff O'Neil, however, refnsed to
act as requested, and then Snperintend
| ent Wright asked him to do hia duty by
i informing tbe adjutant general that he
! waa powerlesa to carry out the functions
! of his ofhee, but this the sheriff also de
| dined to do, and there tbe matter
: ended.
A LITTLE EXCITEMENT.
Superlntenflent FillinolVi Arrival at
Snornmentn Creates a Stir.
Sacramento, July 1. —There was a
ittle excitementin railroad circleaabout
half-past 5 o'clock thia evening when
tho strikers received a telephone mes
sage from Brighton, five miles out, that
a 9; ecial from San Francisco had passed
the with a carload ol non-union men.
Th tiler of the A. K. U. men at once
de: 1 50 meu to go to Twenty-eighth
an. streets, intercept the train and
'•iii tto the scabs." The othorewere
cai upon to stay by him and watch
the pot.
The train proved to be the special on
which Superintendent Fillnure came up
from Oakland attended hv a few deputy
marshals. They had left the train at
Twenty-eighth street and came down
town on astreet car. When the strikers
not there tney ran the train hack to
Brighton, whereit ia reported they killed
it quite effectively.
Sir. Fillmore drove from hia hotel to
the tlepot ami had an hour's conference
with Division Superintendent. Wright, at
which no one else was present. He woe
afterword setn by a teporter, but said he
had little to say about tho strike. He
had come here to inquire iuto the situa
tion tnd ascertain why thu sheriff had
refu etl to do bis duty and keep ihe
company's premises free from crowds of
men who were thero tn prevent it from
baudltttg its traino. It was his porno**,
lie i nd, to remain hero until tlie I ruble
(tit--settled. The i ailrnnd compan. had
no proposition to make to tiie American
Ktu - ny union, looking to anything less
th* complete possession and tha use of
its oroperty. Including the fall man cars,
which it had purchased for use In its
bu mess.
Tonight Mr. Fillmore ia holding n
conference with the conductors' and
Continued ou Page U.
CHARTER REVISION.
noRE SUOOESTIONS OP CHAR
TER PROVISIONS WHICH WILL
SECURE SAFETY HOR PUBLIC
riONEY.
PRICE FlYv CENTS.
THE CRISIS IS AT HAND.
Seriousness of the Strike
Situation.
Blood Likely to Flow at Any
Moment.
State and Federal Troops to Be
Called Oat.
Six Man Given Power to Tie Up Every
Industry la Chicago — Strikers
Actio*- Dsrly—Pullman
Cast.
By tbe Associaterl Press.
Cuicago, July I.—ln Chicago and vi
cinity today waa epent by the two con
tending forces in the great railway
strike in playing a waiting game, each
Bide narrowly watching for the next
move of the other. Railway officials
profess to be sanguine of the ultimate
defeat of the strikers, and the latter
equally certain of final success. At a
number of vantage points throughout
the city efforts were made to move
freight trains which were promptly
frustrated by strikers and their sympa
thizers, who pounced upon these trains,
carried off the links and pins, set
brpkes and chased away the men thns
engaged, retiring whenever a superior
force ol police appeared on the sconce.
Beyond a few minor scrimmages in
which no damage wbb done, the day was
fairly qniet. Passenger traffic on most
of tbe roads was not seriously inter
fered with where Pullman cars were
not handled, except at Blue Island,
where the Rock Island trains are
etill held up, both sides remaining stub
born and the long-suffering passengers
bearing the brunt of the discomforts of
tbe delay.
One hundred deputy marshals will go
to Blue Island early in the morning.
Altogether no decided r '.vantage can be
claimed for either side, but owing to
reports that the sheriff has called on tbe
governor (or troops, tomorrow's develop
ments are awaited with keen interest if
not anxiety. The troops at Fort Sher
man are being held in readiness to
respond at any moment to a call for
their services to protect property from
the strikers.
It was learned this evening that
George M. Pullman had quietly left the
city since last night, presumably for the
east, although it is impossible to obtain
definite information as to hie destina
tion.
Tomorrow both sides expect develop,
ments of a serious character. The gen
eral managers are preparing to meet vio
lence with force, and the strikers are an
ticipating legal complications which
may compel a new line of action.
Six persons today were given author
ity to tie up every Chicago industry.
By a resolution adopted by tbe Trade
and Labor assembly, the members of
the executive committee were given ab
solute power to act in support of the A.
R. U. nntil the boycott or tbe Pullman
strike is settled. Tbe executive board
of six members ie given absolute power
to act in its diecretion. This action
waa taken after a long and heated dis
cussion. It ie eaid the Building Trades
council will discuss the advisability of
taking similar action at a meeting to be
held tomorrow. If these two organiza
tions decide to order a strike, more than
one-tenth of the workmen in Chicago
will be idle in leas than 24 hours.
BUSINESS PARALYZED.
The Strike Situation Growing Worae at
Chleogo.
Chicago, July I.—Business in Chicago
ia aeriouely paralyzed &b the result ol
he present labor difficulty. Transfer
via Chicago ia entirely blocked by the
so-called A. R. U. This business i|
freight exchange between ail eastern
and western roads centering in Chicago,
and bo long as the belt railway is tied
op tbe interstate business between east
ern and western lines cannot be moved.
It is absolutely necessary that this
channel of interchange of interstate
business should be kept open, otherwise
the roads must continue to be paralyzed.
Pan Handle bulle'in—About 0 p. m.
a L'ang of about 30 strikers broke intc
trio Pan Ilindle switch tower nt We»l
Pullman and with threats and abusive
epithets chased the telegraph operator
i ou; of it with threats againit hia life il
j he ever returned.
A m jb ol 330 men ia gathered nt R v
erdale with the nrowed intention o
making nn »3t>ault nn traiu No 23. car>
i viue mail aad Pullman sleeper nnd din
,mi car. Spear, with 62 deputy 6 her iff*,
r ud Sopar, with 11 deputy tnars'ial*. ars
I Here, and reinforcements have beeo
j sent them with a vie* to prolactin;
] the train.
j Illinois Central bulletin —Sixty fivi
! deputy United State? marshals have beet
stationed at Itiverdnle crossing all thi
afternoon. All thi Illinois Centra
trains have been comiug through with
out interference, but at & I3J one of tuti,

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