structure of tbe argument to those who
wonld follow him. He then began a re
view of the existing conditions. He
charged that the eastern aection of the
United States waa opposed to bimetal-
Ham, not from principle, but from abso
lute ignorance of tbe subject. Yet he
did not mean by this to charge eonacione
wickedneaa. The weat, by reason of
Intimate aasociation with the need of a
greater snpply of money, waa better in
formed, while in tbe east only tbe
banking element waa acquainted with
tbe issue, and they, from eelfish in
terests advooated gold monometallism.
Turning to the demonetization act of
1873, passed, as ho asserted, by eecret
fraud and which no member of oongreas
had ever acknowledged having voted
for with tbe knowledge that it did de
monetize eilver. he eaid that all the
silver men asked waa the repeal of that
law which no man acknowledged pater
nity for and which every man in public
life then and now declared a child of
The demand would be tbe aame were
there not a aing!e ounce of eilver prod
uct in America. It waa the need of a
circulating medium. Take for instance,
the wheat crop. The decline in tbe
price per bushel had been from $1.19 to
about 50 cents, or a net loss to tbe farmer
at present of $260,000,000 per year. On
taking tho acreage value of wheat, corn,
oats, hay and cotton, the decline aince
the demonetization of Biiver had been
from $15 65 to $8.15, or 48 per cent.
Taking the bimetallic price of 1573 aa a
basic, the gain by the restoration of eil
ver to agriculturists would be $1,500,
---000,000. This, in the face of the fact
that the decline of ailver made a net
loaa of $32,000,000 annually to the miner,
proved the issue wan not local to the
wining intereeta. Indeed, tbe deciine
in prices was not a decline of values,
but an appreciation of the purchas
ing power, and whet more could be eaid
in favor of an increase of the medium of
exchange, especially when we see count
less thousands Honoring from the exist
ing state of affairs? An easy way to look
at the matter, he aaid, waa to take, for
instance, a farmer's mortgage. Let it
be made when wheat was $1.19; then
100 buebels would have paid $110 of the
debt. Now it required 240, approxi
In concluding, tbe governor charged
that tbe demonetization of eilver by tbe
increased value of a dollar effected an
impairment oi the obligations of con
"Sucb," the governor aaid, "are come
of the facte in this case plainly etated.
The need of the hour ia such an awak
ening of interest in this qneetion in the
eaat as will cause inquiry and investiga
tion and independence of thought. We
are one nation, our interests are identi
cal; that which affects one section
affects all, and in this matter the condi
tions are practically the same, eaat and
weet, north and south. The ideas etu
•liously circulated in the east 'that thia
ia a western matter and one in which
the eilver producing atatea are princi
pally interested, is utterly deceptive, as
I have endeevored to show. The far
mer of New York or Ohio ia intereated
precisely ac is his brother in lowa or
Kauaai. The man who owee a mortgage
in Maeeachusetts feels tbe increasing
pressure of the obligation aa strongly aa
hia fellow debtor of Missouri or Dakota.
Tbe increaaing number of forecloeureß,
the lengthened list of ealea for unpaid
taxes, tbe armies of nnderpaid and un
employed, tell the aame story every
"In theory it ia eaey to say what the
results of demonetization must be;
actual experience ie showing what they
are. A steady decrease in ail property
values and an increased burden of lixed
charges can bring hut one result. The
cry of the suffering goes up to heaven.
The most despairing and the most
touching of their prayers are never
heard on earth,for they come from those
who sutler in ailence. The aggregate of
human misery caosed by thie grinding
of the npper and the nether millstone is
a thing to make angola weep. We live
in tbe moat favored of all lands. God
haa given ua a goodly heritage. The
natural resources of our country should
make univereal proaperity and happi
neae. There is no reaeon ior suffering
and want. lta causes are purely arti
ficial. By the Kelfiebnesß of men the
good gifta of Providenoe turn to ashes
in our handa. The food is taken from
the mouths of the weak and the de
"No judgment Irom on high has been
visited on thie people; neither war, nor
famine, nor pestilence baa besn Buf
fered to af 11 iot ua. Yet, in the midat of
physical health, the nation ia eick ; in
tbe midst of weath there is poverty, and
in a land of p'enty there is suffering
"God grant ua all the will and the
wisdom to see the caueea of these
thinga, and, having found them, to ap
ply the remedy."
At the conclusion of Governor Prince's
remarks and the hearty applause fal
lowing, the congreßs took its usual
MOKE SILVER TALK.
Immediately upon reaeaembling the
discussion upon the remonetization ol
ailver waa resumed, Col. George E.
Leighton of Salt Lake being introduced!
to present the views of the conserva
tives upon the silver question. He be
longed, he said, to thoße who believed
that the free coinage of silver at 10 to 1
wonld be a certain aggravation of exist
ing ilia, and deprecated the uae of artifi
cial propa to advance tbe interests oi
•nytbing. Still ailver will always have
and alwaya ahcnld have a large place in
the financial system.
CONGRESSMAN BSTAN SPEAKS.
Scarcely had Colonel Leighton con
cluded when the audience evidenced
tbat it had been waiting for the next
speaker, Congressman Bryan, who wa
leoeived witb an outburst of applaua
which waa not stilled for some mo
Alter expressing hia inability to cover
the Bubjeot in the brief time alloted
him, Congreeaman Bryan proceeded to
quote Jamee G. Blame, Secretary Car
lisle and other equally prominent men,
aa declaring that tbe demonetization of
silver was a crime against the people, in
tbat it destroyed from three-eighths to
one-half of the existing medium of ex
change and appreciated tbe balance to
the benefit of him who has a fixed in
come of money. The man who preached
a gold standard turned back to the his
tory of 600(1 years. Coming to the ques
tion of banks of iesue, he denounced
them as unsafe and unreliable irom the
very innate Belfiehnesa ol man.
THE MORNING SESSION.
It was nearly 45 minutes after the pp
pointed time when President Whitmoro
(tailed the tranamissißßippi congress to
order today. The adoption of the report
of the committee ou credentials last
sight, which enrolled all the ap
pointed delegates, properly accredited,
without regord to their presence, gave
especiol point to the report of the. com
mittee on rules and order of business,
which provided for a voting power .'or
each state delegation not. to exceed
£J votes, if to many delegutea are
present, ell states to have ■ voting
power of not lMs then 10, no matter
what the emskUnesß of tbe attending
The report wae adopted without dis
cussion, with the exception of the
clause limiting the voting power of a
At tbis point Delegate F. J. Cannon
of Utah moved to etrike out the maxi
mum limit, thus giving full delegatione
a vote for every man. He eupported
the motion with tlie contention tbat
elates and territories sufficiently in
terested to send all delegates to which
they were entitled should be allowed to
vote ench delegates, Ex Governor
Prince of New Mexico indorsed the
original report, ac necessary to prevent
nearby sections from overpowering, by
their easily transported delegates, those
unable to eend a full delegation from far
Delegate Black of Washington offered
a eubstitute making clearer tha voting
powere of each delegation, but retain
ing the maximum and minimum limite
of 30 to 10. Delegate Williams of
Arkaneae, member of the rules com
mittee, explained that the report wae
prepared on a basic of fairness. More
over, upon tbe committee making the
report I'tni, had a representative, who
accepted the report.
Delegate W, j. Bryan of Nebraska op
! posed the amendment offered by Dele
| gate Cannon, ac it tended to permit two
|or three states to rule the convention,
I reducing the weight of tbe lecommend
! atione ot tbe congreae. Alter come fur
| ther debate of a desultory character,
Cannon withdrew his amendment. The
original report wae then adopted.
The members of the committee on res
olutions were announced ac followa:
Arizona, T. B. Comatock, \V. J.
Chancy ; Arkanaaa, George Sengel, C. S.
Collina; California. D. Lubin, ti. W.
Paraone; Colorado, I. 1., Johnaon, J. S.
Shafroth; Idaho, William Budge, B. E.
Rich ; Indian territory, D. G. Deniaon,
Fielding Lewis; lowa, 8. F. Smith, Bart
E. Lineban ; Kantae, W. H. Toothage,
Stephen Crane; Minnesota, Thomas
Sharp; Mia3onri, E. O. Stannard,
B. E. Yater; Nebraaka, W. J. Bryan,
K. W. Richardaon; New Mexico,
G. R. Gabel, L. B. Prince; Oklahoma,
Sydney Clark, J. A. McGuire; Oregon,
E. B. Dodge; Sonth Dakota, S. E. Wil.
eon, J. R, Brennan; Texas, L. Hancock,
E. A. Marshal! ; Utah, F. J. Cannon C.
C. Goodwin; Washington, A. L. Black,
D. E. Devine; Montana, Thomas G.
Merrill, W. H. Weed; Alaska, J. C.
Greene; Wyoming, Louisiana, Nevada
and North Dakota are not represented
in the convention.
Among the resolutions aubmitted
were: Indorsing Secretary Herbert's
teats and uae of American coal and urg
ing legielation to enjoin upon naval offi"
ciala the use always of American
products where it can be done without
financial loss; favoring governmental
investigation of foreat tires on
public lande; urging tbe admia
eion as states of Oklahoma, New
Mexico and Arizona; favoring
federal encouragement of a cable
from the Farrallone lelanda to Hawaii;
favoring the improvement oi Oakland,
Cal , harbor; oppoaing legielation to en
graft the Baltimore plan or any other
form of national bank iseuea upon the
national currenoy system ; favoring leg
ielution to increase the price of cotton;
favoring fnrther and greater government
aid to Texas harbor and river improve
j A Seoret Meeting; of the Kxeeatlva
Committee of the Leaiae.
Sr. Louis, Nov. 27.—Gen. A. G. War
-1 ncr of Ohio presided over a meeting of
I the executive committee of the Hi metal
j lio league, which waa held behind
closed doors today. Hon. John Devine
of Nebraska acted as secretary. The
conference wae also attended by a large
number of Biiver men, who were brought
together by the tranamisaiseippi con
gress, It will last two days, and ac
cording to one of the membera of the
committee ia expected to outline the
policy of the Biiver factious of the Re
publican and Democratic parties and
tbe silver policy of tbe People's party
for the next two yeare.
Thia ie thought to be a preliminary
; meeting called to outline the work of a
j convention that will be held some time
j later in the winter to form a eilver par
j ty, by absorbing entirely the Populist
party and drawing from the other par
tiee their free silver advocates.
General Warner, in his opening
speech, announced that the conference
would place before the frienda ot eilver a
plan to pursue in this country to obtain
the free coinage of silver by tbe I'nited
States, and unite the ailver men of every
party. Governor Waite, of Colorado:
C. S.Collins, of Little Rock ; Judge Mil
ler, of Chicago; Hon. W. J. Ryan, of
Nebraaka; Hon. R. P. Bland, ot Mis
anuri, and J. C. Sibley, of Pennsylvania,
also made epeechea along the same
Before adjourning until Wednesday
morning, the following were appointed
to devise a plan of action embodying
tbe viewß of t!:o epeakors: General A.
G. Warner, of Ohio, chairmen; J. C.
/Sibley, Pennsylvania; Mr. Thompson,
California; Judge Henry W. Miller,
of Chicago, and Judge C. C- Coie, of
lowa. The committee will report at to
morrow morning's meeting of the league
A Grocery Store Wrecked and a Clerk
San Francisco, Nov. 27.—Dewitt &
Harris' grocery, at Seventh and Miasion
streets, waa wrecked early this morning
by an exploaion of illuminating gae.
When a clerk nametl McCoy entered the
store be found the building full of gas,
which was flowing from a chandelier.
He struck a match aud inßtantly waa
biown through the open door into the
atreet. He waa badly bruiaed and did
not recover consciousness until lie
leached the receiving hospital. The
windowß were blown out of tlie building
and everything on tbe shelves upset.
Senator nlnrfran'a Ke-el-otlim.
Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 27. —A ballot
was takeu in both houses of tbe genera!
assembly for United States senator to
eucceed John Morgan, Democrat. Mor
gan received 23 votes in the senate and
(il in the house. Warren Reese, Popu
list, received 0 votes in the senate anil
24 in the house. A joint convention
will bo held tomorrow to announce the
result and declare Morgan elected.
Reese will contest the senate, and it is
said the ballot for him today is the first
i stop in the organization of the Kolb
Oulir,,nua Ilwrl, Th.
65 just tlie tiiliii to take at Ibis season. VI arm
weather induces a debi iiated condition of the
yatem. Torpid liver, indigestion aud blood
diseases assert ibeiaselveß uniess these troubles
arecum c ted. Tins Is be6t done by tbe ccca.
lional use of Week's California herb tea, a
harmless remedy composed cuurely of roots
aud herbs, *a cents per package, lor bale by
all aruttjibts. .
LOS ANGELES HERALD WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 28 1894.
THE HIRSCHFIELD DIVORCE CASE
Evidence Introduced for the
The Good Character of Miss Hogan
Delimit lone nf Prominent Citizens of
Helena Read to Show That
HlrsohlWld Wne Mot
By the Associated Press.
Fahoo, N. D., Nov. 27.—A flood of
evidence waa introduced today to prove
the good character of Mrs. Hirichfield,
nee Hogan. Tbe entire day waa apent
in reading depoaltions. They came from
tbe leading people of Helena, city and
state officials, bankera, Miaa Hogan's
employers, and neighbors of the family.
All spoke in the highest terma of her
conduct during the time they knew her.
The deposition of ex-aecretary of atate
L. A. Walker wae among thoae read in
defense of Hiiaohfield. Walker wae one
of the proprietore of tbe hotel where
Mr. and Mra. Hirechfield stopped.
They teemed very happy, Hirechfield
leaving the bank many times a day to
viait her. Witness had never eeen any
thing in the deiendant'e action to criti
cise, either before or after marriage.
Miss M. K. Lewia, superintendent of
the glove department of the New York
atore, where Misa Hogan waa employed
as cashier, paid a high compliment to
her cbarrcter during the time she knew
her. Mise Hogan always had the osteem
of everyone in the store.
Ed Greene, porter on the Bleeping car
in which Hirechfield and Miss Hogan
rode when leaving Helena for Chicago to
get married, on which journey Hirech
field had testified ehe was following, not
accompanying bim, testified that tbey
came on the train together, Hirechfield
purchased a ticket for one double berth,
and tbey occupied it together aa man
and wife. This was about the middle of
Napoleon Salvage of Helena deposed
aa to tbe birth of their child May 30tb.
Ulneea had left Mrs. Hirechfield al
most a wreck physically.
Duane Becker waa bead clerk at a
hotel at Helena. He testified that
Hirechfield had choaen the moat expen
sive auite of rooms at tbe hotel for hia
wife. She had nothing to do with se
lecting them. Hirschfield complained
abont the aceommodationa not being
good enough for her.
W. A. Sporks, a bellboy at the hotel,
wae frequently called to Mr. and Mrs.
Hiraohtield'a : corns. They seemed to be
bappy and loving.
Among the depositions read this after
noon was one from Dr. Cole of Helena,
who also attended Mra. Hirechfield dur
ing her illness at the birth of her child.
He ie of the opinion ahe never will fully
recover her health nnd haa heart trouble.
The doctor had oongratnlatcd llirsch
field on their marriage. The latter aaid
be never waa co happy in hia life, and
eaid he thought he had made a big mis
take in remaining single co long.
Louie Keller, Hirecbfield'e barber,
ono day went to his room to shave
Hirßchfield, who pointed out Sadie
Hogan, who waa doing typewriting near
the window in the oppoeite block,
Hirechfield eaid he had watched the
girl for a long time and wanted to get
acquainted with her. Hirechfield got
Keller to go over and tell Miss Hogan
he had something for her to do and ahe
ahould call at hia room. He went and
Sadie said if he had work for her to do
he could bring it to her. Then Hirach
field sent word that he had some very
important papers to be copied and must
be very aecret about it. Sadie finally
went and Hirechfield had ber opv ex
cerpts from a law book. When ehe re
turned to work her sister Dell went with
her. Hirsobfield kept the two girla Dom
ing to hia apartment" until he became
well acquainted and finally began to
call at the Hogan cottege aud take Dell
Witneaa said Hirschfield wanted him
to tell Dell she could "work" him for
lota of money, and abo was a fool not to
do ao. Witness replied he waa not in
that kind of business, and eaid he knew
them to be decent and reepectable girls,
whereat Hirschfield laughed and aaid
money would do anything witb a
Edward H. Knight, vice-president of
tbe First National bank, was a close
friend of Hirechfield, and discussed
financial affaire with him nearly every
day during the financial depreseion last
year, Hirechfield showed hia usual
keenness in buelneea affaire, and he
never caw tbe least evidence of inßanity
A depoeition from Sndie Hogan, aiater
of the defendant, waa read. While as
aistant eecretary of tbe Montana world'e
fair commission she was one day sum
moned by her sister to the Lsland hotel,
Chicago. When ahe got to the room
she found everything in tbe greatest
disorder. Her aieter and Aaron Hirsch
field were aented, both crying, while
Mrs. L. 11. Hirechfield wae pacing up
and down the room with a cane in her
hand. Aaron said he and Dell had
come to Chicago to get married and thia
woman (pointing to Mra. L. H. Hirech
field) had interfered. Hirechfield eaid
they would get married in apite of the
TBE HATCH TRIAL.
Johnnie Sherbnrn Again un the Wit
Woodland, Nov. 27. —At the afternoon
session in the cross-examination of
Johnnie Sherburn, oounsel covered
about tbe same ground ac in the Worden
trial, bnt did not succeed in tangling
the witness on any material points.
Sherburn waa on the atand until 3
o'clock end when he left it tbe prevail
ing impression wee that hia teatimony
wae strong and well austained,
Martin Halloran, yardmaster at Sacra
mento, corroborated the evidence of
Charles Ham and hia examination was
Jccob Schmid, a Sacramento hoard
ing house keeper, was introduced to
prove that M. l.eyden, a track walker.
Pad leit the etate. The defense inti
mated several times that the prosecu
tion has made no effort to find l.eyden.
Mr. Cook filed n subpn'ua and
return to show that tho officer
could not find Leyden. The
court sustained an objection of
General Hart. Mr. Cook said it would
be necessary to bave the officer in court
and that could not be done before
Wednesday. II the defense was willing
to open its cafe and allow him to intro
duce tbis testimony when it cauio, he
vrnu willing to proceed; otherwise he
would ask for a continuance until
Wednesday. General Hart said he pre
ferred not to introduce testimony until
tho prosecution bad closed.
The court stated that uo session cou.d
be held on Thanksgiving day and asked
tbe defenae if tbe case could be closed
in two days. General Hart replied in
the negative; the delense has 25 wit
nesses to introdnce and could hardly
conclude before Toeeday oi next week.
The prosecution will reoall Conductor
Hill and BrakemanTeeplea in the morn
The only wltneasea examined at the
morning eeseion were Charles Hall and
John Sherburn. Hall wa* a farmer in
Yolo caonty until about November lit.
when he accepted employment in tbe
repair ahop of the Southern Pacific. The
purpose of his testimony waa to show
that tbat there is nothing to obstruct
the view between the paint at which tbe
caboose was stationed and the seoond
crossing, near where tbe wreak ocourred.
Cross examination did not shake hit
Johnnie Sherburn was next pnton the
stand. There was no material variation
in hia teatimony from the story told at
tbe Worden trial. Mr. Cook tried haid
to induce witnees to attempt a descrip
tion of Ihe man who got on the wagon
while it waa standing at tbe caboose,
with the evident intention of making it
appear that Hatch wae the man. But
Sherburn instated that he had never
Been the man before and eonld not de
scribe his personal appearance. Gen
eral Hart came near inducing witneaa to
make an unfortunate admiaaion for the
defenae when in orost-sxamination he
"Had you ever teen the man before?"
"Have you ever seen him sinoe?"
"I have seen a man who looks like
General Hart didn't want to bear any
more on that point. Cross-examination
did not ehake the witneaa, except to
tangle him a little in regard to the lapse
of time between evente.
A REFORMED CURRENCY
IS AN ESSENTIAL CONDITION OF
Comptroller Eckels Seta Forth the De
fect. In Our Monetary Syatem.
Bad Financial Legla
N«w York, Nov. 27.—1n an artiole
entitled An Eaaential Condition of
Prosperity, contributed to the December
number of tbe North Amerioan Review,
which will be published tomorrow, the
Hon. Sanies H. Eckles, comptroller of
the United States currency, comments
tbat there can be no hope of undisturbed
and substantial prosperity to all claeaea
of the American people unleea and un
til the whole currency and banking sys
tems of the country are formulated into
one harmonioua plan, in whioh eaoh
part ahail be absolutely aound in prin
ciple and the embodiment of a monetary
science. American financial legislation
haa been of the moat pernicioua char
acter, end bad legislation in the field of
finance inuet alwaya exert a deetruotive
influence on business. There ia ecarcely
a single act upon the statute books affect
ing our currenoy system which has not
been placed there simply to meet come
emergency that confronted the country
at the time, in the belief tbat a difficulty
might be bridged over.
He citea as an example of emergency
measures, the greenback. The green
back measure fostered a sentiment for
fiat money, in which he mcludeß ailver
free coinage. The national bank cur
rency measure waa also an expedient to
provide a market for government bonde.
It waa valuable as affording a perfeotly
solid currency, bui not sufficiently
elastic. The Bland act and tbe Sher
man acts are reviewed.
The currency eystem of the country
resulting from tbe constant passing of
experimental laws baa become ao con
fused and unsound that Mr. Eckels
wonders not that we have suffered co
much financial disaster during the years
of its construction, but that we have
suffered co little.
'It is not at all Bnrpriaing," aays he,
"that each morning the Urat inquiry
that addresses itself to tbe business man
of tbe country, anxioue to aatiefy him
self as to business condition, is: 'Have
thousands of dollars of gold come into
the treaeury or have thousands of dol
lars of gold gone out of the treasury ?'
"No one can overestimate the detri
mental influence upon the country's
prosperity which auch an uncertainty
breeds. It is an uncertainty which calls
a halt npon every new undertaking and
blocks every avenue of trade in which a
busy people are engaged."
Tha TO. C. T. I. Going: to Reform the
Music Hell Stace.
New York, Nov. 27.—A oruaade for
reforming the music halls and other
stages of this city ie, it ia alleged, to be
inaugurated immediately by Miss
Frances Willerd and the ladies of the
W. C. T. U. Lady Somerset Eaid to a
reporter today :
"Mies Willard and her associates in
thia movement are very much in earn
est. Tbey feel that the living pictures
as exhibited as present in the theaters
of this city aro a terrible menace to
young men and tend to enoourage im
morality and evil thinking, end are also
an ontrago on women. I am told tbe
living pictures are worse here than they
are in England, and tbat ie eaying a
good deal. That such thinga are per
mitted here is due to the fact tbat the
women have not been awakened to the
deadly and blighting influence of thia
new departure in our theatsra."
BATTLES WITH BANDITS.
A Ttxaa Sherlir Killed and Hevernt Men
El Reno, Tex., Nov. 27.—Twenty-five
thousand dollars was expressed from
Kansas City to George leaaca, a wealthy
Chickasaw cattleman at Canadian, u»
riving there Saturday evening. When
the train pulled into Canadian etation
banditß opened a fusillade on it. Sheriff
McKee took a hand in protecting the
express car ond wae Bhot to piecea by
the robbers. Seviral othera were fatally
wounded in \>g enga«oment, among
them being come robbers, who were car
ried away by their pals. The gang waa
chased into the Wichita mountains,
where a battle occurred Sunday evening.
Several participants are reported as be
Per Over Fltty Yeare
lire. Wlnslow'e Soothing Byrup has been used
lor children teething. It soothes the ohiid,
softens the gams, nil ays nil pain, cures wind
colic and lathe bast remedy fur Diarrtoea
Twenty-live cents a bottie.
Go to KcLstrnm, :!0S» 8. Main stroet, for good
wall paper at the nglit prlca
Buy tlie Whitney mnke trunk and traveling
bag. Factory til l N. Main st.
Pr. D. S. l)ift".jubacher, •ient'st, rooms 4 aud 5,
119 8. bpring tt., Lot a:. } os.
OUR FOREIGN MAIL SERVICE.
Superintendent Brooks' Annual
Ample Transportation Facilities on
Mall for Europe Dispatched With Sreat
Celerity—lmprovement lai the
By the Associated Press.
Washington, Nov. 27.—The anneal
report of Col, N. M. Brooks, superin
tendent of foreign mailt, contains some
interesting points on tbe service with
foreign nations. Of the tranaatlantic
service he says:
The entire transatlantic merchant
marine is freely tendered for the con
veyance oi United States mails at the
rates of compensation offered by this
department. Consequently the mails of
Great Britain and tbe oontinent of
Europe are dispatched by every fast
steamer and when two fact steamers
sail on tbe same day or succeeding days,
the maila are invariably aatigned to the
one whose previous speed record gives
reaeon to believe that it will deliver the
mails earlier on tbe other side. It is
difficult to imagine a condition
of affairs more satisfactory from
either a postal or a commercial stand
point than tbe practice in vogne; under
it speedy transit is the only condition
oontidered in the diapatoh of maila.
Other thinga being equal, preference ia
alao given the eteamera Bailing nnder
the United states flag, and these steam
ers are allowed for their service all tbe
postage collected on the maila they
carry from the country; that ia to say,
2 cents a half onnoe, or $3200 a short
ton for letters and postal cards, and $100
a short ton for other artiolee. But if a
steamer flying a foreign flag can deliver
the maile at tbe destination sooner
than one flying tbe United States flag,
tbe mails are assigned to the foreign
steamer, and sho is allowed compensa
tion at tbe rate of $180 a short ton on
all letters and postal cards, and $90 a
short ton for other articles.
The communication with Central and
South Amerioa ia regular and reliable,
at least three times a month by veaeela
plying between New York and Colon
and to Venezuela with the same fre
Colonel Brooks notes the increase of
tbe Pacific Mail service in the following:
"By utilizing the fast steamers sail
ing once or twice a month from Tacoma,
Wash., aa well as the steamers sailing
three times a month from San Fran
cisco, the opportunity to exchange mails
with Japan and China have been in
creased to four and sometimes five tiie -
patchea doring tbe month. Thia ia an
actual gain of one or two diapatchea
a month, the additional dispatch being
made through the poetoffice at Tacoma,
which office hy ita zeal and discretion
justified the experiment of intruating to
it the care of these important interna
tional mails, whioh are required to be
bandied and treated in strict accordance
with the stipulations of the nniversal
"No change has ocourred in our msans
of communication witb the Australian
colonies —the aervice being regular once
every four weeks from San Francisco to
Sydney, performed by the Oceanic
Steamship company under an arrange
ment entered into with the colonies of
New Zealand and New South Wales
many years ago, but which ia renewed
from year to year. Thia department is
not a party to the arrangement, but
contributes toward the aupport of the
aervice to the extent of ita ability nnder
tbe statutes in force, by allowing the
Oceanic Steamship company all of the
postage collected on the mails collected
by ita ateamers sailing under tbe United
States flag, which amounts to abont
$55,000 a year.
"Advantage has also been taken of the
| opportunity offered for the diapatoh ol
correapondence for the colonies by meana
of tbe Canadian line of steamers Bailing
from Vancouver, B. C, once a month,
co that praotioally tbe frequency of tbe
service has been donbled.
"The steamers above referred to call
at Honolulu and the Oceanic Steamship
company diapatchea an additional veaael
every month to that port. Besides, about
! one steamer a month en route for Japan
; and China calls at Honolulu, so that
there are not less than three opportuni
ties a month for communication by mail
with Hawaii, and generally there are not
lose than four."
PRINOBBS BISMARCK'S DEATH.
The Good Haaefrau'4 Deralae UnlTeraally
Berlin, Nov. 27.—The news of the
death of the Princeaa Bismarck made a
deep impreeaion in all tbe government
departmenta. Tbe newspapers univer
sally eulogize the deceaaed aa a true
type of tho German hausfrau, who only
lived for ber hunsband and children,
and in no way meddled in politics.
Varsin, Nov. 27.—Princeaa Bismnrck
haa for years been Buffering witb bron
chitis and gaetric catarrh. Eighteen
months ego she was found lying In a
pool of blood at the foot of her bed.
The fainting attacks were repeated from
time to time. The immediate cause of
death was dropsy, complicated with
heart diaeaae. She waa oheerful and
tried to deoeive the prinoe as to her real
When Dr.Schwenincer gradually broke
the news to the prince be remained
si lent for some time at the death bed.
He bad watched at her bedaide almost
constantly tbe past few days, only tak
ing short naps. Tbe prince ia nearly
overcome and so broken down that the
doctors insist on his removal to Fried
rioharuhe, Tbe funeral ceremoniea will
be on a moderate acale out of regard
for the prince'a condition. The inter
ment will probably be at Schonhaneen,
tbe ancestral home of the Biamarcka.
Again Under Arrest.
Ex-Baseball Magnate Hellman wae
taken to the county jail last night on
account ol a refusal, co it ia said,
to straighten oat some of hie finane
cial affairs. He got into some
I rouble some time ago over funds, and
| other complications arieing, waa called
I npon to raiae $100 ot $500, get bail or
I atay in priaon. He will likely be able
to be amongst his friends again today.
The directors of tbe Shoe and Leather
National bank decided to assess the
capital etock 25 per cent to make good
UoO envelopes, riOc; )i ream writing paper 350
Laugstadter, 211 W. Second, Hollenbeck hotel.
Neltzke & Speck, lunerai directors and era
balmere, 250 South Main street. Tel. 1319,
Largest stock of wail piper nt Kris snoot a, JOj
Mais at. Right price—good tails.
Z mraermeu D»lleh'» tlie Sprotatore In
New York, Nov. 27.—The five-day
international bicyclist tournament
opened this afternoon in the Madiaon
Square garden. Zimmerman showed
bimaelf and warmed up, much to the
delight of the spectators. Tonight's re
One mile, 2:15 class B-Final beat
won by N. Butler, Monte Scott second,
W. B. Murphy third; time, 2:24 3 5.
Half mile heata. class B—Final beat
won by Murpby, E, A. McDuffie second,
Monte Scott third ; timo, 1:10 2-3.
Three mile lap race, claea B—Won by
Nat Butler, McDuffie second, Murpby
third; time, 7:28 15. Th's la the Amer
ican record for tbe raoe. The old record
waa 8:00, held by both Murphy and
One mile, scratch, professional—Final
heat won by Zimmerman, Wheeler sec
ond, Martin third; time, 2:10 3 5.
Five mile professional, scratch —Final
heat won by Zimmerman, Vehren sec
ond, Martin third; time, 13:013-5.
FIRK AT KANSAS (II I V.
Fowler Brothers' racking- House Plant
Kansas City, Nov. 28.—Fire, which
started about 12:15 thia ( Wednesday)
morning in tha immense packing house
of Fowler Brothers, threatena to cause
heavy loas and may destroy tbe entire
plant. A third alarm haa been turned
in. The plant ie valued at over $1,000,
At 2:30 tbe fire had done f,10,000 dam
age to tbe bnilding. It is thought tbe
fire is under control.
At 2:45 tbe lard and tinning depart
ments have been destroyed and tbe fire
ie eprsading. The loss already eggre
gatea $100,000, and unless the firemen
make more successful efforts than they
bave np to tbis time, the destruction of
the whole plant seems certain.
At 3:30 the tire was gotten under con
trol with a loss about the estimate
A DASTARDLY CRIME.
One To ii nr. Man Killed and Six Wounded
Witb Giant Powder.
OROVii.LK.CaI., Nov, 27. —Newe reached
here today of a tragic affair at Quincy,
in Plumas county, that occurred day be
fore yesterday. A young man named
Nathan MoDonald invited cix com
panions out to Dockwell park, about a
mile and a half from Quinoy, for supper.
When all were enjoying the evening to
gether, some one, prompted probably
by jealousy, placed giant powder be
neath the building and wrecked it, kill
ing one ol the party and wounding all
the others. The young man who was
killed was James Betterson, foreman in
the office of the Plumas Independent.
The injured were Fred Caulback, limb
broken; Henry Morton, arm broken;
N. McDonald, leg seriously injured ; Will
Robertson. Will Clinch, though b«
verely hurt, made his way to Quincy
and obtained help for tbe party.
THE RE 1,1. DIVORCE CASE.
A 1.0. Angelee Couple- Seeking a Sepa
ration in S.u Franol.on.
San Francisco, Nov. 27.—The trial of
the divorce case of Maud Bell against
William Bell was bognn today witb
closed doore in .Judge Troutt's court.
The Bells hail from Los Angeles,
where tbey were married a few yeare
ago. At tbat time Mrs. Bell was a pros
perous music teacher, while In was
superintendent of a factory. After a
few months both parties to the marriage
contract became jealous—she oi her
sister and he ol a one time friend named
Urann. In order to avoid publicity tbe
pair agreed to come to this city and re
main long enough to secure a separa
DRIVEN TO DKSPKItAVION,
A Chicago Lawyer Shot by an Irrate
CnicAQo, Nov. 27.—Edward P. Hil
liard, en attorney in tbe Rookery build
ing, was shot and almost instantly
killed this afternoon by Henry C. Hast
ings, a milk dealer. Tbe trouble lend
ing up to the crime is of long standing,
Hastings claiming that by sharp prac
tices Milliard has during tbe last five
years taken from bim about $5000 worth
of property. This morning Milliard
foreclosed on a horse aud buggy owned
by Hastings and the latter shot the at
sorney while exasperated over the trans
action. Hastings surrendered to the
police. He declared after being locked
up: "That man has taken away al! my
property and I thought I'd let my body
and soul go with it."
The Anatrlan Loan.
London. Nov. 27.—A dispatch to tha
Standard from Vienna save that the
Rothschild eyndicate ie about to confer
as to whether it ie opportune to place
the laet currency reform loan ol 84,000,
--000 florins on tbe market. It is stated
that the Bold for the loan in American
and already in the hands of tbe syndi
Our store will be closed
on the 29th—
JL— J CAy •©• • • •
CARNAGE AT PORT ARTHUR.
Bodies oi Japanese Prisoners
No Quarter Given by Ihe Chinese
Colonel Ton Hanneken's Plana for the
Defenae of Pekln-Captnre of
the Chlneae Capital
By the Aaioclated Prets.
Cuke Foo, Nov. 27.—1t ii stated her*
tbat mnay bodies ot Japanese prleon
ers were found mutilated at Port Ar
thur. Four hundred Japanese were
killed by the fire from the forts. None
wss killed by the infantry. No quarter
wae given. Tne plant of the mines
around Port Arthur were discovered by
yon hannekkn's plans.
Shanghai, Nov. '-'/.--Dispatches from
Tien Tein state tbat Oolonel yon Han*
ueken, recently appointed to the com
mand of the Ohineae navy, originally
intended to go to Port Arthur. He hat
now gone to Shan Hai X wan to organ
ize defense of tbat place. Shan Hal
Kwan ia the starting point of tbe great
highroad to Fekio and is believed to be
San Francisco. Nov. 27.—A United
'States naval officer who came over on
tbe Oceanic aays never in any way bat
auch patriotism been shown as that
evidenced by the Japanese. Rich and
poor bave contributed to the war fnnd
and enrolled themselves as members o
tbe Red Croaa eoolety, in the ranks o,
whioh are royal princesses and nobles.
The society has hospitals in every part
ol tbe empire and has done fine work on
the battle fields.
MISSIONARIES are safe.
The Oceanic brought over a dozen
miaaionaries from varioua parta of
China. Among them waa Dr. H. Bind
gett of the American Board of Foreign
Miataona, who haa been engaged ia mis
sionary work in the orient for 40 years.
He does not believe there is any danger
to missionaries or other foreigners in
China, and is in this country for a holi
day. He says the murder of Mr. Wylie
was the only aot of violence committed.
I'EKIN MUST PALL.
The Chinese, be aaid, considered Port
Arthur impregnable and it was aa
strongly fortified aa ingenuity conld
suggest. He believea tbe Japaneae will
capture Pekin, although thetroopa most
march 30 dave to reach the Chinese
capital. The capture of Port Arthur
will give easy transportation to Japaneae
troops. Tbe ultimate aim ol the
Japeneae ia to acquire more territory.
ITCHING AND SCALY
Dreadful Skin Disease 0 Years. En
tire Body Covered. Doctors and
Medicines Useless. Gave up
us Useless. Cured by
CUTICURA for $4.75.
X feel It is niv dtitv t<> tell yon my experi
ence with CithVra Kemedies. 1 have l> rt
troubled for over nine years with a dreadful
skin disease. When 1 first
4f]7j?WpjL. felt it, there appeared a few
aY small red spots on my
f mm breast, antl it kept ou
/ e9B snrcadlngalowly. It started
JU* ugak tho same on my hack, bc
r&t iffl twean my ahouldcre. A
II 93 few days after the ai>ot»
I V-) turned tray,and began Itch-
/ \ ' n X- Smell scales would
1 fall off, so It continued
\ —- spreading all overmy body.
XWUltt, 1 tried all tbe patent mcdi
-Sl >T / WjtW clues I OOOM think of or
doctors. Yes, they wonld
cure me In a abort time, but
they always failed. Then I Rave It all up, think
ing" there \v:u* no cure for me. I noticed your
advertisement In the Tacoma Morning Qiobr,
and thought I would try the CtITIOCaA Reme
m is. 'I'd mvßurprise, three boxes of CUTICURA,
one cake of ( ctici ra Soat, and three liotiles
of Cuticcra Resolvent cured ma entirely. My
skin is now us pore and white as that nf a child.
JOHN E. PEARSON,
Y. O. Box low, Whatcom, Washington.
CUTICURA WORKS' WONDERS
ft Tier ra and Ci tkliia SOAP, externally.
and CrrricritA Kksolykst, internally, cleanse
the blood anil Rkln M every eruption,lmpurity,
And rUtifJUIK, when (he tost physicians hikl )mis
pitalfl fail. The curat dally effected by them are
simply wonderful. Thoy an beyond' all doubt
tho creates t skin cures, blood purifiers, und bu
liiorremedies of modern times.
Sold throughout the world. Trice, CrrncrßA,
50c; Soap, 25c; Kkroi.vknt, fl. I'rcpured by
FOTTr fl DaCO AND Cllst COttPei HOMtOll.
"How to Cure All SUm Piseurjea," mailed free,
BlttPle-WB. hlookheadSi red nnd oily skin pre
i lln vented nnd cured by CiiticuhaSoai 1 .
m WEAK, PAINFUL KIDNEYS'
Backache, nervous pains, ami weak
nesses, relieved ill one minute by
tho Cuticura Ami-Pain Plaster.
Thn '■ '" ' : -)-kibln-r nlirter. 250.
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