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NEARLY WRAGGLES AND DUSTY RHODES STILL HERE.
Their Presence Occasions a Great Diversity of Opinion as to Their Treatment. )ne Correspondent Thinks They Should Be Pat in an Air-Tight Urn and Chloroformed. I Local Editor Suggests That They Be Enlisted Into a Peace Army for Public Works. tha Ban Jose *I< renry Indorsas the Associated Charities' Flan—Tha Antlooh L.dg.r Alarmed — The Loa Angelas Moronry Suggeat. That an Alnaa hoaie Be II ul it.-The Beknr.field Cellfornlan Says They Should Be Made to Work. Tbo Herald's symposiums on the Iramp problem bave arouted wide ipreid interest, and other papsrs are [iving this most important subject at mention. Below will be found some tl the reoent expressions on the matter: AN EFFECT, NOT A CAUSE. Editor Herald:—ll every great daily paper would follow the example set by Ihe Hehald and the Chicago Times, in ievoting a page in each issue to a gen tral discussion of the economio eviit oi Ibe day, publishing without tear or favor tbe variooa opinions offered, tbere would be more hope of a peaceable so lution ol tbe problem, and the press might become the savior'of modern civi lization, as well as ita instructor. It is csrtaiuly plain tbat the dis cussion of tha tramp problem, without any investigation or knowledge of the conditions producing tbe problem, ie an tttemnt to atudy and suppress a symp tom without investigation or knowledge ot the dUeaee. (Those pursuing tbis course in medicine are called "quacks" end "charlatans," and, lortunntely, are greatly in the minority, but their proto types among writers on economic condi tions are as yet unclassified, and, un fortunately, are greatly in the ma jority.) The tramp mnst be studied as an ef fect, not as a cause—a fallacy notice able in many of yonr correspondents. Tbe tramp is even more than a logical tequence ol onr indnatrial methods; he Is a necessary adjuuct ol our economic system. When the equilibrium be tween the necessities ot tbe producer and the wants of tbe consumer was made to totter, the professional tramp began his career. The balance began to turn against the producing element some 15 years ago, and, as improved methods of prodnotion and labor-saving machinery bave in creased, tbe number oi tramps have also increased in exaot proportion. Fifteen years ago tbe tramp waa a cur iosity ; ten years ago he was a subject of sarcasm and ridicule; five years ego be was a nuisance; today be ia a menace to society ; five years from now he will be —what? The relation ol the tramp to improved methods oi prodnotion is as close as that of tbe shadow to the eubstanee, and as one increases the other necessarily fol lows, (unleou men are educated to patiently starve in the locality of their last employment, which seems to be the advice given by most observers.) Taking the countiy as a whole, there Is still plenty of material for the Fourth of Jnly oration and spread eagle meta phors. The eonntry never was as wealthy as at present. The commodi ties tbat constitute wealth, from wheat to a neoktie, were never so abundant. In California alone 90,000 tons of wheat most be sent abroad to find consumers, and the great elevators of the east over flow with grain nntil notice is sent that no more will be reoeived from the west ern farmer. And tbe same oan be said oi the warehouses and depots for manu factured commodities of all kinds. Yet in spite ol tbis unprecedented aggregate ol wealth, tbe tramp ia abroad in the land and tbe army ol unemployed, that already reaches millions, is increasing in regular proportion from day to day and and from month to month. The superficial observer may wonder •t this and ptando economist flood tbe press with comments on our wealth and greatness as a nation, but the observer wbo haa atndied our economio system deep enough to appreciate the still cur rent that flows beneath the surface, recognizes that tbia peculiar condition Is inevitable, and tbat nnder onr indus trial system destitution and wealth most inoreate, hand in hand. The tramp and tbe millionaire are the statural complements one of tbe other. Tbey are the oppoaite and equal arms of the industrial balance. Tbe creation ol one implied tbe existence of the other. Show me a nation without the modern tramp and tbe modern millionaire is also absent. Show me a civilization where 10 per cent ol the people control lass than 60 per cent ol its wealth, and it will be one where almshouses are not needed and 1 tbe producing classes are beyond the fear of destitution. One of your correspondents classified tramps into three varieties. First, the honest ones who were really seeking work; second, those who were indiffer ent, and third, those who wonld not work under any - oircnmstancea. We think it tbe gentleman would examine tbe genna tramp a little closer he would discover that his classifications were bnt; different degrees of the same individual. It ia the positive, comparative and su-. perlative degree ol tbe same adjective. When a laboring man loses bis perma nent position, being displaced by mod ern machinery, be naturally seeks for employment wherever hope may give tbe slightest indication of success, but the contumely of society, the insults constantly heaped npon him and the thousand and one vicissitudes of the road, soon deaden his self-respect and ?i» ,B 5' 1 Benae of mor » 1 'esponsi biltty, and, whereas, he was positive, tramp, be now reaches the comparative stage of tramp, tramp, becoming indiN ferent as to whether he finds employ ment or not. One or two arrests fol lowed by incarceration in tbe oonnty jail, succeeded by a term of involuntary labor in tbe chain gang, completes the cirole, and now his self-respect and moral responsibility being washed away forever he becomes a modern pariah and outcast of aociety, and in tbe super lative degree ia tramp, tramp, tramp There oan be no doubt that the tramp hat increased rapidly in the Inst few years, nor can there be the slightest doubt tbat the increase wih.be proper ticnately more rapid in the tntnre. Labor-saving machinery having thrown cut thousands in the manufacture of commodities, bas within tbe last few yoars entered the domain of agriculture, and the self-suppotting and respectable farm laborer of last year is the wander ing vagrant of today. Let us examine a few facts and statietica bearing upon this point. The writs- was informed a lew months ago that in one of the largest wheat-raising counties of this state, at least 10 per cent more grain wonld be raised this year than ever before, and tbat at least 1200 men whose services were required tbe year before were not wanted this season, and the same could bo said of 3VOO horses; land tbat formerly cost $1 per acre for tbe use of tbe plow is now plowed at the average contract price of 25 cents per acre. Tbe traction plow has entered the field, and as this one machine can turn up tbe soil of 75 acres in 24 hours under tbe guid ance ol two men, each new plow this year represents the labor of 25 men of last year. Tbe cotton picker haß passed the stage of experiment, and is now being manufactured by tbe wholesale. It is said that each machine will do the work of 00 men, and, at fully half a million laborers ju tbe south (mostly negroes) depend lor their living upon picking cotton six months in the year, we can see there an opening for 500,000 more tramps. Fully eight yearn ago Prof. Atkinson arranged a table of statistics which, to bis own surprise, showed that if all the mills and manufactories in the country were in full operation there would stiil be about 200,000 unemployed men in tbe country. New inventions bave al most, if not quite, doubled in power and capacity ainoa then, nor is there any probability of onr mills and manu factories resuming In full blast in tbe near future. We oan also refer tbe reader to the late work of Hon. David A. Walls entitled Recent Economic Changes. There he will find that grain, by the use ot modern machinery, can be pioducsd at one-third tiie amount ol labor that it necessitated 20 years ago. In tbe laoe of these facts and many others tbat could be given ii space allowed, it is certainly the absurdity of nonsense to say that any man can get work if he rustles for Ik Men like Prof. Atkinson, (ioldwin Smith, and others, who defend our present economic sys tem, are candid enough to admit that tbe working men must learn to live on a lower standard of wages to meet the requirements of machinery and im proved methods of production. As for the remedy—what? Alter thinking over tbe matter long and carefully,'l can see but two reme dies that will go to tbe root of tbe trouble and by insuring perpetual good times and a high rate of wages abolish forever the involuntaryjtramp. The first is tbe co-operative method of produc tion ; common ownership of land and the tools of prodnotion. Than when new labor-saving machinery is invented the hours of toil can be shortened and the benefit will be reaped by all our citizens. "Oh I but tbis means social ism." Certainly 1 my dear air, it does mean socialism, but it means more than tbat. It means fraternity; it meana Christianity; it means happiness; it means, in a word, a destruction of tho modern tramp at one end of the chain and bia complement, tbe modern mil lionaire, at the other. Let oe turnto tbe other remedy, and I take some pride in being tbe first to proclaim it, and offer it as tbe only so lution possible, if we continue onr "pres ent methods of competitive prodnotion. I fail to discover in any of the works of men like Dr. Strong, David A. Wells, Atkinson or any other of our to-called plutocratic economists who so graphic ally describe the evils of tbe day, any plan, or shadow of a plan, that will abolish the evils tbey complain of. It being conceded that the cauae cre ating the army of the permanent unem ployed, as well as tbe professional tramp, is one and the same, and that tbat cause is a displacement of manual labor by machinery, the remedy ie plain and simple. We must either destroy the machinery and give the producer more cbanoe, or we must destroy the producer himself. Prof. Tborold Rogers, one of tbe leading political economists of.Eng land, in his recent work, Six Centuries of Labor, speaks of tbe half century fol lowing the great plague of the sixteenth century as a "golden period for the English workingmen." At least 40,000 workinamen had perished in Loudon alone, and when the black death had passed, the proletariat of England was sadly diminished. Tbe demand for labor was a hundred fold great er than was tbe supply, and wages increased Irom week to week in almost arithmetical progression, reaching euch a point that parliament waa compelled to pass a law making it a misdemeanor, punishable with fine and imprisonment, to pay or receive more than a stipulated amount of wages for a day's work (think of that you army of unemployed—con gress having to pass a law to keep wages below a certain point. It is true our modern oongreEs does the same thing, and its laws keep wages down, but they no longer do it in that direct way.) There is but one way. Let the United States be proportioned into in dustrial districts, and a census taken of the number of men requiring to live by manual labor io each district. Then, a board ol experts conld readily deter mine tbe.number of men necessary to supply the commodities needed in each particular district. The surplus labor being tbns conectly determined, tbe amount in excess conld he shipped to some central point; (tbe individuals could be determined by lot or any other manner, as this matter is one ol trivial detail.) At • certain designated spot the government oonld erect a - large, air-tight building, and 4UOS ANGELES HERALD* SUNDAY MORNING* DECEMBER 9; 1894. upon receipt of these useless working men, tbey conld be painlessly chloro formed. Tbe utilitarian may object to the expense involved in this transac tion, but a careful examination will show tbat it could be made one of profit. For instance, many of them could be canned and shipped to the cannibal islands of tbe Pacific where they could be exchanged for coroinuts and other tropical fruits. Human skin could be tanned and put to a variety of profitable uses. An extra article of glue could be made. Boae phosphate and fertilizing matter could be made another source of profit. Tbis objection being answered others might say it would pre vent the use of Cbrittian charity and thus block tbe road to heaven of many who know no other way of reaching that desired abode than by presenting their afflicted neighbors with winter flannel,' cast-off clothing, etc. In order to pre serve this way still open a few oi tbe old and decrepit might be retained in every district. In order to show that this remedy is not entirely new as ap plied to aurplns labor we note that in tbe Examiner of December 2d, a dis patch from Detroit stating that Mayor Pingree of tbat oity has advised tbe obloroforming ol 600 extra horses as their services are no longer needed by the city and the cost of tbeir mainten ance is becoming quite a burden on tbe taxpayers. Wnile I claim the credit of being tbe first to outline this practical and feasible solution of tbe tramp problem, I will admit tbat many others bave pointed out the way, a well known writer in tbe Ailantio Monthly having recently declared tbat the time had come when the tramps must be treated with an iron hand. Another stated that when the unemployed workingmen would insist in going to places where there waa no chance of employment, it was the doty of tbe citizens to make it very unpleas ant for them, and a great many bints of a similar kind might be found iv many of our periodicals and magazines as well as the dally press. I offer this plan as a solution that will insure good times, that will prevent un necessary competition between laboring men and insure good wages. I oonless tbat under our present indnatrial sys tem I cannot see any other remedy. Others, however, may be more fortunate aud if able to invent a plan tbat will in sure relief as certainly as the one I bave outlined, I will cheerfully give way, but until then I will insist tbat tbe plan proposed presents the only practicable and feasible solution to the tramp ques tion, tbe unemployed and tbe whole in dustrial problem of the age. H. P. P. AT SAN JOSE. San Jose Meroury : Tbere are a great many tramps and beggars in tbe city and in the suburbs just now, and it ia plain to every intelligent citizen tbat something ought to be dons by tbe pub lic authorities with them and for them. Some plan must be found by which those who want work can at least bs given enough work to procure them food and shelter and to keep them from making themselves a nnisance. It ongbt to be generally understood that'every person wbo is in need can find a shelter and a supper at some place provided by the authorities, and this would remove all excuse for begging food, or sleeping iv barns and outhouses, to tbe almost infi nite dread and annoyance of tbe people generally. The Associated Charities of Los Ange les have requested tbe city and county authorities to make an appropriation of money sufficient to build and equip a suitable shelter for the destitute in some convenient plaoe, where food will.be provided for all who are willing to give an equivalent in work. It la suggested tbat the building and its equipments need not be expensive bnt tbat the ne cessary tools for working on tbe streets, or in any way in which work oan be made nsefnl, be procured, and the work ers placed under the supervision of some competent person. It is not in tended that these unemployed men shall be required to do a full day's work, each and every working day,' but that they eball be given sufficient time to seek other employment il they so de sire; but in tbe event ol anyone being detected begging upon the streets for food or shelter when the same is afford ed them by tbe authorities, that they bo placed under arrest and dealt with aa any other violators of the city's laws. Why would it not be a good plan to make some such arrangement in San Jose nnder the direction ol the Asso ciated Charities? 'Something ought to be done and done at once. The people are now feeding qnite a nnmber of tramps, voluntarily or involuntarily, and indiscriminate giving of food or money is universally conceded to do more harm tbat good. All experience in char ity proves that a million dollars given in discriminately could only tend to aggra vate tbe evil, while a few thounands, judiciously expended, may do much to correct it. OUR DISGRACE. The Mercury, Loa Angeles: Now that winter is here thousands ot tramps are coming to Southern California, the question arises, ''What shall we do with the unemployed?" Someone says: "Put them in jail"; another, "Let them work for tbeir board in the nubile parks," and a kind-hearted gentleman suggests tbat we establish and maintain soup houses in various parts of the county. Bnt to tbe people none of these solu tions are satisfactory. We must not send a man to prison because he oannot obtain work, and perhaps there are a few honest men among tbe orowd who wonld be led into a life of sin by such evil associations. We might put a few in the parks, bnt there is not work enough for all. The sonp-bonse plan haa already been proven to be a failnre. In San Francisco last winter the tramps were driven from the sonp house and only honest labor ing men out of a job were admitted. What was the result? Laziness, in dolence and crime. If yon would feed a man for nothing why should be work? If yon will not feed him he most find work to keep body and tonl together. A man wbo can live without work loses all ambition and self-respect. He is idle, and tbe devil always finds some work for idle bands to do. A man wbo bas employment is independent. He re spects himself and others. He bas no time to devise deviltry, and be becomes a good oitizen. But tbere is no work here now for tbe incoming masses of unemployed. One man said to me: "I would gladly take any job tbat would enable me to earn enongb to get a meal. I have walked all over the city, bnt I oan't find any work. I say you oan't get any work lv this man's town unless yon bave a poll." It is so, and it remains with tbe citizens oi Los Angeles county to pro vide employment lor these men at liv ing wages. "Impossible," says one man, and everybody asks the question, "How can we do it?" It is not impossible, and it can be done in this way: Let the county purchase a tract of land near the city and set tbo men to work on it and pay them living wages. In three montha the land would be so improved that vegetables and cereals could be easily grown on it. The vegetables could be sold in the city at moderate prices and the hay and grain could be uaed by tbe city tire department, thereby saving a big expense to the city, which now buys all trie feed for the fire department horses from private parties. An alms house which is eurely needed could be erected by workmen and tbe county could be saved thousands of dollars which would otherwise go to designing and unprincipled contractors. Idle women conld be employed to make clothing which the men will need, or do other work that only a woman can do. Reasonable prices could be charged for the products of the farm in order tbat tbe farm would be self-sustaining. By this plan the genuine tramp could be weeded out. The man who will not work must go to jail. We cannot settle tbe question of tbe unemployed by op pressing them. We must help them. Inspire them with courage. Elevate them and in a few more years there will be no unemployed in the country. L. Castko Sr. Clair. ANTIOCH ALARMED. Antioch Ledger: During tbe winter months almost every day tbe small towns are visited by tramps and hobos, who do sot want to work if tbey can get enough to eat or can steal rides to tbe next station. Many times they commit crimes that would land them in the penitentiary, This week we heard of three persons being stood up on our streets, bnt no arrests were made by the officers. Timid women are now worked np to such a state that they dare not venture on the streets without an eßcort, and the business men who carry much money in tbeir pockets, arm themselves with pistols and watch all the dark places they pass on their way to their homes. Tbis state of affairs does not speak well of our peace officers, and in order to give tbe people confidence in their vigilance they should arrest ar qnettion all suspicions looking charac ters wbo come to town. The depot road is a favorite resort for most of this class. It might put the couoty to some ex pense, but tbe life and liberty of our citizans should not be jeopardized On tbat account, and an arrest or two will soon rid us of such characters, because tbey will inform their confederates that this is no place for them. There seems to be an organized gang of thugs aud sandbaggers traveling over California, wbo are committing all sorts of depre dations and endangering tbe lives of peaceable citizens. We do not object to men tramping from one place to another seeking employment, but we do object to their organizing for the purpose of plundering and robbing law-abiding citizens in every place they visit, and we call on our officers for protection from these vagrants. A PEACE ARMY. Farmer and Labor Review: Tramp I tramp! tramp! tbe tramp ia marching! He ie abroad and in your back yard. He is looking for a bed in your stable, and asking for a breakfast at your back door. He is serving on tbe barbaric obaingang because a policeman found bim begging bread or sleeping in a shed and "run bim in." He is dying along the tracks, run over while stealing a ride, or rnn down while trudging along, and the coroner's verdiot is "only a tramp." "Dead your majesty! dead my lords and ladjes." as Dickens says in Bleak House, and "what are you go ing to do about it?" Los Angeles is now etrnggling with this question. . It is discussed in all the meetings and through the press, and it does seem that the humane element might have practical senso enough and the practical element have humanity enough to devise a plan of relief. Help the tramp to help himself. Provide work for him. We repeat, government from tbe national down to tbe munici pal is bound to provide employment for the unemployed. Now is the time to inaugnrate a movement for a peace army. What memterof congress will have wisdom enough to draw a bill, and courage enough to introduce it and nrga it, pro viding for the enlistment of a great peace army to work on publio works in* stead of to demolish them; to build up cities, highways, etc, instead of to de stroy them; to protect and help man* kind instead of to kill them? MAKE THEM WORK. Bakerstield Californian: Sontbern California, in common with the rest of state, is greatly exercised over the tramp question, and the press is filled with editorial comment and communi cations on the subject. What shall be done with the tramp? is the vital ques tion of the hour in many communities. It is a puzzling question, but common sense could seem to provide the only possible solution, which ia to put them to work. The entire state needs roads, bridges, canals and public improve ments of all kinds. Those in which manual labor ia tbe chief factor, such as grading and macadamizing roads, should be carried on largely, if not en tirely by tbe enforced labor of tramps. These fellows live upon tbe oommunity anyhow, and make not the least return for their subsistence. The community has an undoubted right to force every man jack of them to work for his living, and to work hard, too. We who sup port the tramps have to work, then why not they? Put them to work digging roads, breaking rock, and otherwise in carrying out improvements which are for the benefit cf the entire people. If tbey will not work then they should not be allowed to eat. There ii good bibli cal authority ior such drastic treat ment. TURNED ADRIFT. Riverside Enterprise: When business was opened et the police office yesterday tbere were 28 tramps confined in tbe jail, bnt in a short time this large num ber was reduced to 10 by tbe discbarge of a dozen and a half who bad com pleted tbeir term of servioe. Tbe hobos, aa they left jail, were in formed by tbe officers tbat it was the intention of tbe sheriff to establish the work gang reoently authorised by tbe supervisors, and they were warned tbat if caught again and sentenced to jail it wonld fall to tbeir lot to do work on tbe roads. The announcement did not seem to strike the hoboe favorably, and in many cases they were quick to reply tbat they would leave tbe county aa faat aa their feet or some brakebeam would carry them. The hobos who have been in the jail during tbe rain have been more than pleased with their good fortune. With a good lire to ait by, plenty to eat and nothing to do but sit down idly and watch the rain fall, it is no wonder they felt at home, even though that borne was a jail. APPEALS TO GRAND JURY. San Bernardino is evidently waking up on tbe tramp question. The Times- Index of last evening says: "Tbe grand jury ol Riverside is tack ling the tramp question, and our grand jury ought to do the same, and confer with onr neighbors on tbe subject and try to form a Bcheme to handle tbat nuisance successfully. Some counties put the tramps to work and thus rid themselves of all trouble, for the genu ine tramp abhors work and will Steer clear of snoh counties. Our taxpayers are burdened to the tune of many thousands of dollars every year to sup port an army of trampt, when a little legislation in tbe right direction would rid tbeut of the bnrden. Will tbe grand jury take action?" CAMPED AT VENTURA. Los Angeles Hbbald, Deo. 6 , Ventu ra correspondence: The tramp prob- lem is becoming more and more per plexing. What shall be done with them is the question that is worrying the thinking public. There are now en camped near the Ventura river just west ol town, about 40 of these nomads, and among them are said to be some very desperate looking characters. It would be welt for the citizens to be very careful not to leave tbeir bouses open when tbey are temporarily absent, as Dome of these parties are continuously on the lookout for such opportunities to plunder. IDLE MEN AND LAND. Several members of the Single Tax club are considering a plan for enabling some of the unemployed men in tbis city to employ themselves on idle land within the city limits, where crops of vegetables could be produced. Tbe plan contemplated is similar to tbe one adopted in Detroit last summer, though in tbis case it is not intended to ask tbe city for any appropriation. Tbe single taxers may, however, go before the city counoil and invoke tbe aid of tbat body in an effort to induce owners of vao.nt ground in tbe city to acquiesce in tbe proposed arrangement. HUNGRY MEN DANGEROUS I.os Angeles Porcupine: L. Stiner, an Alameda street grocer was robbed at tbe point oi a pistol by a masked man on Tuesday night. Besides the contents of tbe money drawer the thief helped himself to some groceries. "A hungry man is the most desperate and danger ous animal in existence." THE RECENT HEAVY RAIN. C.llari oa Cos AugelA. Street Flooded by (tie Bursting of a Sowar. At 11 o'clock Friday evening it began raining again in a steady downpour and kept up during a greater part of tbe night. At the weather bureau office the reports received showed a sudden fall of tbe barometer north of Central Claifor nia, with brisk to high south-easterly winds and general rain. In Southern California the barometer has risen, with westerly winds and clear weather. The storm so far shows 307 inches of rain for the season, and .97 of an inch dur ing the past twenty-four hours. The rain of yesterday forenoon caused a tremendous flow of water toward the ao'ith and greatly injured tbe drains and ztnjas. Several of the cellars in the wholesale stores on Los Angeles street were flooded by tbe zanja inadre. B. Bilderain, tha water overseer, woe telephoned to for assistance, but as be had turned all the water into tbe Los Angeles river, be was powerless to fur nish further aid. 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Adjoining Westminster Hotel. DR. LIEBIG & CO.'S WORLD'S DISPENSARY The oldest, moit auceesaful and reliable men «tve SPECIAL DOCTORS FOR MEN on. tb* Pacific Coaat—e.tabllahed in Haa Fraaclioo (of 25 year, and 8 years In i.oi Angeles. K0 E Q UALS AS SPECIAL DOCTORS IK* * Tho BPICUL SURGEON FROM THE SAN Wg?S'- >'RANOIaI.O OFFICSH Is now hi charge of th. MiSffrf"" 1 0 " Angelea otfice*, bo per>oDH living in Angeles can hare the beueatol I ho same treat- Ki^W^SSS^^wj l Consultation KKEK, Personally or KR. LIEBIG & Co. cure all NKRVOO9, PRI MRSj,yIIIID VATK AM) CHRONIC DISEASES OF 41 KM. wESBtWSV £JxsWK\ V' ! SivSfflSß Oa-es curable guaranteed, no mailer hou com. BBSmWUsfßlHt&i^imfi a wjjSISBHBTO piloted oi wbo has (ailed. Our diagnosis then cud c.onQde.'.nlai book for men sent tree. WSr&ify JfJa* AD hnainwia aacredly coorideatl.i. m*%ffi'< t Honrs:: a.rn. > to 4 p.m. and 7to S'JO p. Nt, 123 SOUTH MAIN STREET CAM. AND SEE THE STOCK O? GOODS AT THE CUT-RATI CYCLE C 0.,328 a Broadway Bicyclss and Bicycle Sundries at very low figures. WWI CYCLE CO E UU 1 llil i JJ Ul ULiJJ UUi BETWEEN THIRD AND FOURTH STS, OLDEST AND LARGEST BANK IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. farmers Merchants bank OF LOS ANGELES. CAL. CAPITAL (PAID Dl'y $ 003,001.00 BURPLUs AND REdl£EVl! SJO.UOU.OO TOTAL $1,3-0,000 00 OFFICERS: DIRECTORS: T. W, HELLMAN President W. H. Porry, (J. X, Thorn, A Cllaisoll, H. W. iiELLMAN Vioe-Presldont O. W. Ohilds, V. Ducommon, JOHN MILKER. ( aihler T. L. Duqne, J. B. Lanket«hlm B. J. FLEISHMAN.. Assistant Cashier H. W. Hellman, L w. lieilman. Sell nnd Buy Foreign and Domestic Exchange. Special Collection Department CORRESPONDENCE INVITED. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA NATIONAL _ Bank, 101 8. Spring St., Nadeau block. L. N. BREED Pre»ident WM. F. SOSBYsHELL Vice-President C. N. FLINT er Yi. H. UOLLIDAY Assistant Casater Capital, paid In ftoUI coin $200,000 Burplusand und. yided profits 25,01)0 Authorized capital 500,000 DIRECTORS 1 I* K. Breed, H. T. New.,ll, Wm. H. Avery, 81 las Holman, W. H. Hmllday, F. C. Bo»b7 -ahe.l, M. Hugan, Frank Rudsr, D. Remlck, Thot. Qois, Wm. F. Boibyihell, UNION BANKOFSAVINGSI CAPITAL STOCK, $200,000 223 S. Spring St., LOS ANGELES. L. W. Stlmson Wm. Ferguson W. E. MeVay Preit. Vic.Frtit. _ Cuhicr C. G. Harrison 8. H. atott R. M. Baker lA.I A. E. Pomeroy S. A. Butler INTEREST PAID ON DEPOSITS | LOS ANGELES BAVINOB BANK, 23ti N. Main at. CapitH stock „ $100,000 Surplus 35,000 J. F. Pli:er, Pres. H. W. Hellman, V ce-Pres W. M, Cat well, CsshUr. Direolors—l. W. Hellman, J. F. Pl«ter, H. W. Bel man, I. W. Hellman, jr., W. M. Caswell, interest paid on deposits. Money to loan on nt class real estate. 1 X-ltf OF LOS AKGELEa, Capita' stock $400,000 Surplus 209,000 1. M. ELLIOTT. President. Vt.O. StERCKHOFK, V.-Pres't. FRANK A. 1-HDs.ON, Caihler. O. B. 311 vKF*R, a=h'i CaiMes, DII'.KCTOBS: 1. M. Elliott, J. D. Blctnsll, F. Q. Story, H. Jevne. J. I>. tloo'kir, tv. C. Patterson, Wm. Q. Kerckhoff. JJ3S ANGELES NATIONAL BANK. UNITED STATES DIFOSITOKY. capital $500,000 Surplus 57,000 Toial 557,000 GEORGE H. BONICBRAKE PrealdeaS WAKRaN UILLKLEN Vlce-Prealdeut E. 0. HOWES C.-uhles K. W. COB Aialstant Cisulee directors: George 11. Bonebrak*-, Warren Gillelan, P. >t Green, Chaa. A. Marrlner, W. C. Browa. A. W. Franoltco, E. P. Joimsoo, at. X. Alien. F. 0, Howes. »•*»« 11