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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, December 09, 1894, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1894-12-09/ed-1/seq-11/

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Their Presence Occasions a Great Diversity of Opinion as
to Their Treatment.
)ne Correspondent Thinks They Should Be Pat in an Air-Tight
Urn and Chloroformed.
I Local Editor Suggests That They Be Enlisted Into a Peace Army for
Public Works.
tha Ban Jose *I< renry Indorsas the Associated Charities' Flan—Tha Antlooh
L.dg.r Alarmed — The Loa Angelas Moronry Suggeat. That an Alnaa
hoaie Be II ul it.-The Beknr.field Cellfornlan Says They
Should Be Made to Work.
Tbo Herald's symposiums on the
Iramp problem bave arouted wide
ipreid interest, and other papsrs are
[iving this most important subject at
mention. Below will be found some
tl the reoent expressions on the matter:
Editor Herald:—ll every great daily
paper would follow the example set by
Ihe Hehald and the Chicago Times, in
ievoting a page in each issue to a gen
tral discussion of the economio eviit oi
Ibe day, publishing without tear or favor
tbe variooa opinions offered, tbere
would be more hope of a peaceable so
lution ol tbe problem, and the press
might become the savior'of modern civi
lization, as well as ita instructor.
It is csrtaiuly plain tbat the dis
cussion of tha tramp problem, without
any investigation or knowledge of the
conditions producing tbe problem, ie an
tttemnt to atudy and suppress a symp
tom without investigation or knowledge
ot the dUeaee. (Those pursuing tbis
course in medicine are called "quacks"
end "charlatans," and, lortunntely, are
greatly in the minority, but their proto
types among writers on economic condi
tions are as yet unclassified, and, un
fortunately, are greatly in the ma
The tramp mnst be studied as an ef
fect, not as a cause—a fallacy notice
able in many of yonr correspondents.
Tbe tramp is even more than a logical
tequence ol onr indnatrial methods; he
Is a necessary adjuuct ol our economic
system. When the equilibrium be
tween the necessities ot tbe producer
and the wants of tbe consumer was
made to totter, the professional tramp
began his career.
The balance began to turn against the
producing element some 15 years ago,
and, as improved methods of prodnotion
and labor-saving machinery bave in
creased, tbe number oi tramps have
also increased in exaot proportion.
Fifteen years ago tbe tramp waa a cur
iosity ; ten years ago he was a subject of
sarcasm and ridicule; five years ego be
was a nuisance; today be ia a menace to
society ; five years from now he will be
The relation ol the tramp to improved
methods oi prodnotion is as close as that
of tbe shadow to the eubstanee, and as
one increases the other necessarily fol
lows, (unleou men are educated to
patiently starve in the locality of their
last employment, which seems to be the
advice given by most observers.)
Taking the countiy as a whole, there
Is still plenty of material for the Fourth
of Jnly oration and spread eagle meta
phors. The eonntry never was as
wealthy as at present. The commodi
ties tbat constitute wealth, from wheat
to a neoktie, were never so abundant.
In California alone 90,000 tons of wheat
most be sent abroad to find consumers,
and the great elevators of the east over
flow with grain nntil notice is sent that
no more will be reoeived from the west
ern farmer. And tbe same oan be said
oi the warehouses and depots for manu
factured commodities of all kinds. Yet
in spite ol tbis unprecedented aggregate
ol wealth, tbe tramp ia abroad in the
land and tbe army ol unemployed, that
already reaches millions, is increasing in
regular proportion from day to day and
and from month to month.
The superficial observer may wonder
•t this and ptando economist flood tbe
press with comments on our wealth and
greatness as a nation, but the observer
wbo haa atndied our economio system
deep enough to appreciate the still cur
rent that flows beneath the surface,
recognizes that tbia peculiar condition
Is inevitable, and tbat nnder onr indus
trial system destitution and wealth
most inoreate, hand in hand.
The tramp and tbe millionaire are the
statural complements one of tbe other.
Tbey are the oppoaite and equal arms of
the industrial balance. Tbe creation ol
one implied tbe existence of the other.
Show me a nation without the modern
tramp and tbe modern millionaire is
also absent. Show me a civilization
where 10 per cent ol the people control
lass than 60 per cent ol its wealth, and
it will be one where almshouses are not
needed and 1 tbe producing classes are
beyond the fear of destitution.
One of your correspondents classified
tramps into three varieties. First, the
honest ones who were really seeking
work; second, those who were indiffer
ent, and third, those who wonld not
work under any - oircnmstancea. We
think it tbe gentleman would examine
tbe genna tramp a little closer he would
discover that his classifications were bnt;
different degrees of the same individual.
It ia the positive, comparative and su-.
perlative degree ol tbe same adjective.
When a laboring man loses bis perma
nent position, being displaced by mod
ern machinery, be naturally seeks for
employment wherever hope may give
tbe slightest indication of success, but
the contumely of society, the insults
constantly heaped npon him and the
thousand and one vicissitudes of the
road, soon deaden his self-respect and
?i» ,B 5' 1 Benae of mor » 1 'esponsi
biltty, and, whereas, he was positive,
tramp, be now reaches the comparative
stage of tramp, tramp, becoming indiN
ferent as to whether he finds employ
ment or not. One or two arrests fol
lowed by incarceration in tbe oonnty
jail, succeeded by a term of involuntary
labor in tbe chain gang, completes the
cirole, and now his self-respect and
moral responsibility being washed away
forever he becomes a modern pariah
and outcast of aociety, and in tbe super
lative degree ia tramp, tramp, tramp
There oan be no doubt that the tramp
hat increased rapidly in the Inst few
years, nor can there be the slightest
doubt tbat the increase wih.be proper
ticnately more rapid in the tntnre.
Labor-saving machinery having thrown
cut thousands in the manufacture of
commodities, bas within tbe last few
yoars entered the domain of agriculture,
and the self-suppotting and respectable
farm laborer of last year is the wander
ing vagrant of today. Let us examine a
few facts and statietica bearing upon
this point. The writs- was informed a
lew months ago that in one of the largest
wheat-raising counties of this state, at
least 10 per cent more grain wonld be
raised this year than ever before, and
tbat at least 1200 men whose services
were required tbe year before were not
wanted this season, and the same could
bo said of 3VOO horses; land tbat
formerly cost $1 per acre for tbe use of
tbe plow is now plowed at the average
contract price of 25 cents per acre. Tbe
traction plow has entered the field, and
as this one machine can turn up tbe soil
of 75 acres in 24 hours under tbe guid
ance ol two men, each new plow this
year represents the labor of 25 men of
last year.
Tbe cotton picker haß passed the
stage of experiment, and is now being
manufactured by tbe wholesale. It is
said that each machine will do the work
of 00 men, and, at fully half a million
laborers ju tbe south (mostly negroes)
depend lor their living upon picking
cotton six months in the year, we can
see there an opening for 500,000 more
Fully eight yearn ago Prof. Atkinson
arranged a table of statistics which, to
bis own surprise, showed that if all the
mills and manufactories in the country
were in full operation there would stiil
be about 200,000 unemployed men in
tbe country. New inventions bave al
most, if not quite, doubled in power
and capacity ainoa then, nor is there
any probability of onr mills and manu
factories resuming In full blast in tbe
near future. We oan also refer tbe
reader to the late work of Hon. David
A. Walls entitled Recent Economic
Changes. There he will find that grain,
by the use ot modern machinery, can be
pioducsd at one-third tiie amount ol
labor that it necessitated 20 years ago.
In tbe laoe of these facts and many
others tbat could be given ii space
allowed, it is certainly the absurdity of
nonsense to say that any man can get
work if he rustles for Ik Men like Prof.
Atkinson, (ioldwin Smith, and others,
who defend our present economic sys
tem, are candid enough to admit that
tbe working men must learn to live on
a lower standard of wages to meet the
requirements of machinery and im
proved methods of production.
As for the remedy—what?
Alter thinking over tbe matter long
and carefully,'l can see but two reme
dies that will go to tbe root of tbe
trouble and by insuring perpetual good
times and a high rate of wages abolish
forever the involuntaryjtramp. The first
is tbe co-operative method of produc
tion ; common ownership of land and
the tools of prodnotion. Than when
new labor-saving machinery is invented
the hours of toil can be shortened and
the benefit will be reaped by all our
citizens. "Oh I but tbis means social
ism." Certainly 1 my dear air, it does
mean socialism, but it means more than
tbat. It means fraternity; it meana
Christianity; it means happiness; it
means, in a word, a destruction of tho
modern tramp at one end of the chain
and bia complement, tbe modern mil
lionaire, at the other.
Let oe turnto tbe other remedy, and I
take some pride in being tbe first to
proclaim it, and offer it as tbe only so
lution possible, if we continue onr "pres
ent methods of competitive prodnotion.
I fail to discover in any of the works of
men like Dr. Strong, David A. Wells,
Atkinson or any other of our to-called
plutocratic economists who so graphic
ally describe the evils of tbe day, any
plan, or shadow of a plan, that will
abolish the evils tbey complain of.
It being conceded that the cauae cre
ating the army of the permanent unem
ployed, as well as tbe professional tramp,
is one and the same, and that tbat cause
is a displacement of manual labor by
machinery, the remedy ie plain and
simple. We must either destroy the
machinery and give the producer more
cbanoe, or we must destroy the producer
himself. Prof. Tborold Rogers, one of
tbe leading political economists of.Eng
land, in his recent work, Six Centuries
of Labor, speaks of tbe half century fol
lowing the great plague of the sixteenth
century as a "golden period for the
English workingmen." At least 40,000
workinamen had perished in Loudon
alone, and when the black death had
passed, the proletariat of England was
sadly diminished. Tbe demand for
labor was a hundred fold great
er than was tbe supply, and wages
increased Irom week to week in almost
arithmetical progression, reaching euch
a point that parliament waa compelled
to pass a law making it a misdemeanor,
punishable with fine and imprisonment,
to pay or receive more than a stipulated
amount of wages for a day's work (think
of that you army of unemployed—con
gress having to pass a law to keep
wages below a certain point. It is true
our modern oongreEs does the same
thing, and its laws keep wages down,
but they no longer do it in that direct
way.) There is but one way. Let the
United States be proportioned into in
dustrial districts, and a census taken of
the number of men requiring to live by
manual labor io each district. Then, a
board ol experts conld readily deter
mine tbe.number of men necessary to
supply the commodities needed in each
particular district. The surplus labor
being tbns conectly determined, tbe
amount in excess conld he shipped to
some central point; (tbe individuals
could be determined by lot or any other
manner, as this matter is one ol trivial
detail.) At • certain designated
spot the government oonld erect
a - large, air-tight building, and
upon receipt of these useless working
men, tbey conld be painlessly chloro
formed. Tbe utilitarian may object to
the expense involved in this transac
tion, but a careful examination will
show tbat it could be made one of
profit. For instance, many of them
could be canned and shipped to the
cannibal islands of tbe Pacific where
they could be exchanged for coroinuts
and other tropical fruits. Human skin
could be tanned and put to a variety of
profitable uses. An extra article of glue
could be made. Boae phosphate and
fertilizing matter could be made another
source of profit. Tbis objection being
answered others might say it would pre
vent the use of Cbrittian charity and
thus block tbe road to heaven of many
who know no other way of reaching that
desired abode than by presenting their
afflicted neighbors with winter flannel,'
cast-off clothing, etc. In order to pre
serve this way still open a few oi tbe
old and decrepit might be retained in
every district. In order to show that
this remedy is not entirely new as ap
plied to aurplns labor we note that in
tbe Examiner of December 2d, a dis
patch from Detroit stating that Mayor
Pingree of tbat oity has advised tbe
obloroforming ol 600 extra horses as
their services are no longer needed by
the city and the cost of tbeir mainten
ance is becoming quite a burden on tbe
Wnile I claim the credit of being tbe
first to outline this practical and feasible
solution of tbe tramp problem, I will
admit tbat many others bave pointed
out the way, a well known writer in tbe
Ailantio Monthly having recently
declared tbat the time had come when
the tramps must be treated with an iron
hand. Another stated that when the
unemployed workingmen would insist
in going to places where there waa no
chance of employment, it was the doty
of tbe citizens to make it very unpleas
ant for them, and a great many bints of
a similar kind might be found iv many
of our periodicals and magazines as well
as the dally press.
I offer this plan as a solution that will
insure good times, that will prevent un
necessary competition between laboring
men and insure good wages. I oonless
tbat under our present indnatrial sys
tem I cannot see any other remedy.
Others, however, may be more fortunate
aud if able to invent a plan tbat will in
sure relief as certainly as the one I bave
outlined, I will cheerfully give way, but
until then I will insist tbat tbe plan
proposed presents the only practicable
and feasible solution to the tramp ques
tion, tbe unemployed and tbe whole in
dustrial problem of the age. H. P. P.
San Jose Meroury : Tbere are a great
many tramps and beggars in tbe city
and in the suburbs just now, and it ia
plain to every intelligent citizen tbat
something ought to be dons by tbe pub
lic authorities with them and for them.
Some plan must be found by which those
who want work can at least bs given
enough work to procure them food and
shelter and to keep them from making
themselves a nnisance. It ongbt to be
generally understood that'every person
wbo is in need can find a shelter and a
supper at some place provided by the
authorities, and this would remove all
excuse for begging food, or sleeping iv
barns and outhouses, to tbe almost infi
nite dread and annoyance of tbe people
The Associated Charities of Los Ange
les have requested tbe city and county
authorities to make an appropriation of
money sufficient to build and equip a
suitable shelter for the destitute in some
convenient plaoe, where food will.be
provided for all who are willing to give
an equivalent in work. It la suggested
tbat the building and its equipments
need not be expensive bnt tbat the ne
cessary tools for working on tbe streets,
or in any way in which work oan be
made nsefnl, be procured, and the work
ers placed under the supervision of
some competent person. It is not in
tended that these unemployed men
shall be required to do a full day's work,
each and every working day,' but that
they eball be given sufficient time to
seek other employment il they so de
sire; but in tbe event ol anyone being
detected begging upon the streets for
food or shelter when the same is afford
ed them by tbe authorities, that they
bo placed under arrest and dealt with
aa any other violators of the city's laws.
Why would it not be a good plan to
make some such arrangement in San
Jose nnder the direction ol the Asso
ciated Charities? 'Something ought to
be done and done at once. The people
are now feeding qnite a nnmber of
tramps, voluntarily or involuntarily,
and indiscriminate giving of food or
money is universally conceded to do more
harm tbat good. All experience in char
ity proves that a million dollars given in
discriminately could only tend to aggra
vate tbe evil, while a few thounands,
judiciously expended, may do much to
correct it.
The Mercury, Loa Angeles: Now that
winter is here thousands ot tramps are
coming to Southern California, the
question arises, ''What shall we do with
the unemployed?" Someone says:
"Put them in jail"; another, "Let them
work for tbeir board in the nubile
parks," and a kind-hearted gentleman
suggests tbat we establish and maintain
soup houses in various parts of the
Bnt to tbe people none of these solu
tions are satisfactory. We must not
send a man to prison because he oannot
obtain work, and perhaps there are a
few honest men among tbe orowd who
wonld be led into a life of sin by such
evil associations. We might put a few
in the parks, bnt there is not work
enough for all. The sonp-bonse plan
haa already been proven to be
a failnre. In San Francisco last
winter the tramps were driven from
the sonp house and only honest labor
ing men out of a job were admitted.
What was the result? Laziness, in
dolence and crime. If yon would feed a
man for nothing why should be work?
If yon will not feed him he most find
work to keep body and tonl together. A
man wbo can live without work loses all
ambition and self-respect. He is idle,
and tbe devil always finds some work
for idle bands to do. A man wbo bas
employment is independent. He re
spects himself and others. He bas no
time to devise deviltry, and be becomes
a good oitizen.
But tbere is no work here now for tbe
incoming masses of unemployed. One
man said to me: "I would gladly take
any job tbat would enable me to earn
enongb to get a meal. I have walked
all over the city, bnt I oan't find any
work. I say you oan't get any work lv
this man's town unless yon bave a
poll." It is so, and it remains with tbe
citizens oi Los Angeles county to pro
vide employment lor these men at liv
ing wages. "Impossible," says one man,
and everybody asks the question, "How
can we do it?" It is not impossible, and
it can be done in this way: Let the
county purchase a tract of land near the
city and set tbo men to work on it and
pay them living wages. In three montha
the land would be so improved that
vegetables and cereals could be easily
grown on it. The vegetables could be
sold in the city at moderate prices and
the hay and grain could be uaed by tbe
city tire department, thereby saving a
big expense to the city, which now buys
all trie feed for the fire department
horses from private parties.
An alms house which is eurely needed
could be erected by workmen and tbe
county could be saved thousands of
dollars which would otherwise go to
designing and unprincipled contractors.
Idle women conld be employed to make
clothing which the men will need, or do
other work that only a woman can do.
Reasonable prices could be charged for
the products of the farm in order tbat
tbe farm would be self-sustaining. By
this plan the genuine tramp could be
weeded out. The man who will not
work must go to jail. We cannot settle
tbe question of tbe unemployed by op
pressing them. We must help them.
Inspire them with courage. Elevate
them and in a few more years there will
be no unemployed in the country.
L. Castko Sr. Clair.
Antioch Ledger: During tbe winter
months almost every day tbe small
towns are visited by tramps and hobos,
who do sot want to work if tbey can get
enough to eat or can steal rides to tbe
next station. Many times they commit
crimes that would land them in the
penitentiary, This week we heard of
three persons being stood up on our
streets, bnt no arrests were made by the
officers. Timid women are now worked
np to such a state that they dare not
venture on the streets without an eßcort,
and the business men who carry much
money in tbeir pockets, arm themselves
with pistols and watch all the dark
places they pass on their way to their
homes. Tbis state of affairs does not
speak well of our peace officers, and in
order to give tbe people confidence in
their vigilance they should arrest ar
qnettion all suspicions looking charac
ters wbo come to town. The depot road
is a favorite resort for most of this class.
It might put the couoty to some ex
pense, but tbe life and liberty of our
citizans should not be jeopardized On
tbat account, and an arrest or two will
soon rid us of such characters, because
tbey will inform their confederates that
this is no place for them. There seems
to be an organized gang of thugs aud
sandbaggers traveling over California,
wbo are committing all sorts of depre
dations and endangering tbe lives of
peaceable citizens. We do not object to
men tramping from one place to another
seeking employment, but we do object
to their organizing for the purpose of
plundering and robbing law-abiding
citizens in every place they visit, and we
call on our officers for protection from
these vagrants.
Farmer and Labor Review: Tramp I
tramp! tramp! tbe tramp ia marching!
He ie abroad and in your back yard.
He is looking for a bed in your stable,
and asking for a breakfast at your back
door. He is serving on tbe barbaric
obaingang because a policeman found
bim begging bread or sleeping in a shed
and "run bim in." He is dying along
the tracks, run over while stealing a
ride, or rnn down while trudging along,
and the coroner's verdiot is "only a
tramp." "Dead your majesty! dead
my lords and ladjes." as Dickens says
in Bleak House, and "what are you go
ing to do about it?"
Los Angeles is now etrnggling with
this question. . It is discussed in all the
meetings and through the press, and it
does seem that the humane element
might have practical senso enough and
the practical element have humanity
enough to devise a plan of relief. Help
the tramp to help himself. Provide
work for him. We repeat, government
from tbe national down to tbe munici
pal is bound to provide employment for
the unemployed.
Now is the time to inaugnrate a
movement for a peace army. What
memterof congress will have wisdom
enough to draw a bill, and courage
enough to introduce it and nrga it, pro
viding for the enlistment of a great
peace army to work on publio works in*
stead of to demolish them; to build up
cities, highways, etc, instead of to de
stroy them; to protect and help man*
kind instead of to kill them?
Bakerstield Californian: Sontbern
California, in common with the rest of
state, is greatly exercised over the
tramp question, and the press is filled
with editorial comment and communi
cations on the subject. What shall be
done with the tramp? is the vital ques
tion of the hour in many communities.
It is a puzzling question, but common
sense could seem to provide the only
possible solution, which ia to put them
to work. The entire state needs roads,
bridges, canals and public improve
ments of all kinds. Those in which
manual labor ia tbe chief factor, such
as grading and macadamizing roads,
should be carried on largely, if not en
tirely by tbe enforced labor of tramps.
These fellows live upon tbe oommunity
anyhow, and make not the least return
for their subsistence. The community
has an undoubted right to force every
man jack of them to work for his living,
and to work hard, too. We who sup
port the tramps have to work, then why
not they? Put them to work digging
roads, breaking rock, and otherwise in
carrying out improvements which are
for the benefit cf the entire people. If
tbey will not work then they should not
be allowed to eat. There ii good bibli
cal authority ior such drastic treat
Riverside Enterprise: When business
was opened et the police office yesterday
tbere were 28 tramps confined in tbe
jail, bnt in a short time this large num
ber was reduced to 10 by tbe discbarge
of a dozen and a half who bad com
pleted tbeir term of servioe.
Tbe hobos, aa they left jail, were in
formed by tbe officers tbat it was the
intention of tbe sheriff to establish the
work gang reoently authorised by tbe
supervisors, and they were warned tbat
if caught again and sentenced to jail it
wonld fall to tbeir lot to do work on tbe
The announcement did not seem to
strike the hoboe favorably, and in many
cases they were quick to reply tbat they
would leave tbe county aa faat aa their
feet or some brakebeam would carry
The hobos who have been in the jail
during tbe rain have been more than
pleased with their good fortune. With
a good lire to ait by, plenty to eat and
nothing to do but sit down idly and
watch the rain fall, it is no wonder they
felt at home, even though that borne
was a jail.
San Bernardino is evidently waking
up on tbe tramp question. The Times-
Index of last evening says: "Tbe
grand jury ol Riverside is tack
ling the tramp question, and our grand
jury ought to do the same, and confer
with onr neighbors on tbe subject and
try to form a Bcheme to handle tbat
nuisance successfully. Some counties
put the tramps to work and thus rid
themselves of all trouble, for the genu
ine tramp abhors work and will Steer
clear of snoh counties. Our taxpayers
are burdened to the tune of many
thousands of dollars every year to sup
port an army of trampt, when a little
legislation in tbe right direction would
rid tbeut of the bnrden. Will tbe grand
jury take action?"
Los Angeles Hbbald, Deo. 6 , Ventu
ra correspondence: The tramp prob-
lem is becoming more and more per
plexing. What shall be done with
them is the question that is worrying
the thinking public. There are now en
camped near the Ventura river just
west ol town, about 40 of these nomads,
and among them are said to be some
very desperate looking characters. It
would be welt for the citizens to be very
careful not to leave tbeir bouses open
when tbey are temporarily absent, as
Dome of these parties are continuously
on the lookout for such opportunities to
Several members of the Single Tax
club are considering a plan for enabling
some of the unemployed men in tbis
city to employ themselves on idle land
within the city limits, where crops of
vegetables could be produced. Tbe
plan contemplated is similar to tbe one
adopted in Detroit last summer, though
in tbis case it is not intended to ask tbe
city for any appropriation. Tbe single
taxers may, however, go before the city
counoil and invoke tbe aid of tbat body
in an effort to induce owners of vao.nt
ground in tbe city to acquiesce in tbe
proposed arrangement.
I.os Angeles Porcupine: L. Stiner, an
Alameda street grocer was robbed at
tbe point oi a pistol by a masked man
on Tuesday night. Besides the contents
of tbe money drawer the thief helped
himself to some groceries. "A hungry
man is the most desperate and danger
ous animal in existence."
C.llari oa Cos AugelA. Street Flooded
by (tie Bursting of a Sowar.
At 11 o'clock Friday evening it began
raining again in a steady downpour and
kept up during a greater part of tbe
night. At the weather bureau office the
reports received showed a sudden fall of
tbe barometer north of Central Claifor
nia, with brisk to high south-easterly
winds and general rain. In Southern
California the barometer has risen, with
westerly winds and clear weather. The
storm so far shows 307 inches of rain
for the season, and .97 of an inch dur
ing the past twenty-four hours.
The rain of yesterday forenoon caused
a tremendous flow of water toward the
ao'ith and greatly injured tbe drains
and ztnjas. Several of the cellars in
the wholesale stores on Los Angeles
street were flooded by tbe zanja inadre.
B. Bilderain, tha water overseer, woe
telephoned to for assistance, but as be
had turned all the water into tbe Los
Angeles river, be was powerless to fur
nish further aid. The old worn-out
sewer on Los Angeles street burst and
turned its contents into tbe street,
which caused the city engineer to re
mark that tbis is proof of tbe fact that
tbe Maple avenue district sewer should
be pushed to completion.
Brings comfort and improvement and
tends to personal enjoyment when
rightly userf. Tho many, live bet
ter than others and enjoy life more, with j
less expenditure, by more promptly
adapting tho world's best products to j
the needs of physical being, will attest j
the value to health of the pure liquid j
laxative principles embraced in the |
remedy. Syrup of Figs.
Its excellence is due to its presenting
in tho form most accoptnbl'. and pleas
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
beneficial properties of a perlect lax- !
ative; effectually cleansing the system
dispelling colds, headaches and fevers
and permanently curing constipation.
It lias g'.ven satisfaction to millions and
met with the approval of the medical
profession because it acts on the Kid
neys, Live;' and Bowels without weat
?ning them and it is perfectly free from
every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Figs is for sale by all drug
gists in 60c and $1 bottles, but it is man
ufactured by the California Fig Syrup
Co.only, whoso name is printed on every
'package, also the name, Syrup of Figs,
md being well informed, you will not
lecept any substitute if offered.
Baker Iron Works
950 TO 900 BUCK A. VISTA ST..
Adjoining ri. P. Grounds. Tel, 12'
ff ~ : ' : f[ CALIFORNIA
Latest Designs
Novel Attractions
Popular Prices
Furnish Your Home!
Unequaled inducements to CASH BUYERS.
Special advantages given on TIME PAYMENTS.
Don't forget the location.
Adjoining Westminster Hotel.
The oldest, moit auceesaful and reliable men
Pacific Coaat—e.tabllahed in Haa Fraaclioo (of
25 year, and 8 years In i.oi Angeles.
Wg?S'- >'RANOIaI.O OFFICSH Is now hi charge of th.
MiSffrf"" 1 0 " Angelea otfice*, bo per>oDH living in
Angeles can hare the beueatol I ho same treat-
Ki^W^SSS^^wj l Consultation KKEK, Personally or
KR. LIEBIG & Co. cure all NKRVOO9, PRI
wESBtWSV £JxsWK\ V' ! SivSfflSß Oa-es curable guaranteed, no mailer hou com.
BBSmWUsfßlHt&i^imfi a wjjSISBHBTO piloted oi wbo has (ailed. Our diagnosis
then cud c.onQde.'.nlai book for men sent tree.
WSr&ify JfJa* AD hnainwia aacredly coorideatl.i.
m*%ffi'< t Honrs:: a.rn. > to 4 p.m. and 7to S'JO p. Nt,
Bicyclss and Bicycle Sundries at very low figures.
farmers Merchants bank
CAPITAL (PAID Dl'y $ 003,001.00
TOTAL $1,3-0,000 00
T. W, HELLMAN President W. H. Porry, (J. X, Thorn, A Cllaisoll,
H. W. iiELLMAN Vioe-Presldont O. W. Ohilds, V. Ducommon,
JOHN MILKER. ( aihler T. L. Duqne, J. B. Lanket«hlm
B. J. FLEISHMAN.. Assistant Cashier H. W. Hellman, L w. lieilman.
Sell nnd Buy Foreign and Domestic Exchange. Special Collection Department
_ Bank, 101 8. Spring St., Nadeau block.
L. N. BREED Pre»ident
WM. F. SOSBYsHELL Vice-President
C. N. FLINT er
Yi. H. UOLLIDAY Assistant Casater
Capital, paid In ftoUI coin $200,000
Burplusand und. yided profits 25,01)0
Authorized capital 500,000
I* K. Breed, H. T. New.,ll, Wm. H. Avery,
81 las Holman, W. H. Hmllday, F. C. Bo»b7
-ahe.l, M. Hugan, Frank Rudsr, D. Remlck,
Thot. Qois, Wm. F. Boibyihell,
223 S. Spring St., LOS ANGELES.
L. W. Stlmson Wm. Ferguson W. E. MeVay
Preit. Vic.Frtit. _ Cuhicr
C. G. Harrison 8. H. atott R. M. Baker
lA.I A. E. Pomeroy S. A. Butler
23ti N. Main at.
CapitH stock „ $100,000
Surplus 35,000
J. F. Pli:er, Pres. H. W. Hellman, V ce-Pres
W. M, Cat well, CsshUr.
Direolors—l. W. Hellman, J. F. Pl«ter, H. W.
Bel man, I. W. Hellman, jr., W. M. Caswell,
interest paid on deposits. Money to loan on
nt class real estate. 1 X-ltf
Capita' stock $400,000
Surplus 209,000
1. M. ELLIOTT. President.
Vt.O. StERCKHOFK, V.-Pres't.
FRANK A. 1-HDs.ON, Caihler.
O. B. 311 vKF*R, a=h'i CaiMes,
1. M. Elliott, J. D. Blctnsll,
F. Q. Story, H. Jevne.
J. I>. tloo'kir, tv. C. Patterson,
Wm. Q. Kerckhoff.
capital $500,000
Surplus 57,000
Toial 557,000
WAKRaN UILLKLEN Vlce-Prealdeut
E. 0. HOWES C.-uhles
K. W. COB Aialstant Cisulee
George 11. Bonebrak*-, Warren Gillelan, P. >t
Green, Chaa. A. Marrlner, W. C. Browa. A. W.
Franoltco, E. P. Joimsoo, at. X. Alien. F. 0,
Howes. »•*»«

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