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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, December 17, 1894, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1894-12-17/ed-1/seq-4/

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JOHN V. HUMPHREYS Vice-President
WM. LACY Secretary
JOHN T. GAFFEY Managing Editor
DOUGLAS WHITE. Business Manager
» . A. STEVENS City Editor
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Entered at the I'ostotßce ai Los Angeles as
/eeond-eIsPR msiter.
The papers of all dcilnquont maP subscriber
to the Dally Herald will be promptly dlsron
inned hereafter. No papers wll be sent to
subscribers by mall unless the tamo have been
paid for In advance.
J. P. Fisher, newspaper advertising agent,
21 Merchants Exchange, Son Francisco, is sn
authorised agon- This paper lt kept on lilo lv
h's oflicc.
Bole Eastern Advertising Agent, S. r. Falmer,
Eh nelsudcr Building, New York.
The Herald is sold at the Occidental Hotel
rews smnd. San Francisco, lor .*>c a copy.
No coutrlbuttons returned.
Any person who cannot bug The Herald
at newsstands in the city or initisuburbt
or oti rail road train*, or at anyplace where
a Los Angeles paper should l>e sold, will
oblige us by reporting the fact to the Her
ald'otfice, Los Angeles,
John De Witt Warner has issued, un
der directiou of the tariff reform com
mittee of the Reform club of New York,
a history of the sugar distribution com
bine which will refresh the memories of
newspaper readers and commercial men
concerning the inception and operation
of one of the gigantic monopolies of
modern times.
Mr. Warner recites that on January
23, 1804, the house of representatives
decided to refuse all protection to the
sugar trust —leaving it without either
favor or obstruction of law to earn its
own living. On February Ist, the tariff
bill, with this and other amendments,
was to be reported back to the house for
final action. On January 30th there
began a sprinkle, which by the next
day had grown into a shower, and on
February Ist bad become a deluge
of telegrams from all parts of
the country, urging congressmen
to kill the amendment by which
the BUgar trust was denied cub
sidy. The telegrams, which had
been heretofore arriving largely at the
residences and hotels of members, now
came showering about the floor until
the matter became one of amusing com
ment —some favored members having a
perfect sheaf of the yellow favors; and
the curious interest with which at first
members bad compared similar sugges
tions from widely differing quarters of
the country having turned into a simple
nod and "I have got another;" which
was heard on every side, as the pages
continued to deliver the messages.
These were busy days, and telegrams on
a variety of subjects were not so rare as
to be curiosities; but the most easy go
ing member was roused by the extent
to which the whole country seemed sud
denly clamoring for higher priced eugar,
and, as it developed that these message?
came almost exclusively from wholesale
grocers, somewhat of curious interest
was aroused.
Older members, however, timply
■ miled and shook their heads as they
recalled similar, though not so extreme, I
experiences when the McKinley bill
was pending, and except that in that
ease the southwest seemed to be most
stirred, while on this latter occasion
Illinois seemed the Btoriu center, they
remarked nothing noteworthy, except
that the sugar combine seemed to be
working better than ever.
The interest which then, and since,
has been Bhown in the distribution cam
bino by which an overwhelming maior
ity of the grocers of the United States
are acting as Bpecial agents of the trust,
under special written contract, upon an
agreement for definite commissions, and
the importance of the subject, involv
ing, as the one item of sugar dees, prob
ably about one-third of the total gro
ceries trade of the United Stateß, has
seemed to justify what by some may be
regarded us an expose, but what to
others will be merely a common-place
summary of faots. They have been long
knowu, to any ono who cared to in
quire, aa constituting a system so flag
rant as long eince to have been pilloried
and crushed, except for the all-pervad*
ing influence of the sugar trust, and ex
tent to which the moral seueo of the
American people has been deadened by
he deadly ineßs of horrors that protec
tion has served up.
In the autumn of 1887, a reorganisa
tion was commenced of the whole busi
ness of sugar refining and sugar distri
bution for the United States. For
several years the conservative business
methods of former times had been de
moralized by the extent to which cheap
ening transportation end the utilization
of enormouß capitals bad turned what
had Leen simple individual rivalry be
tween conservative men, willing to do a
safe business upon a small capital, into
» viable "Battle of the Giants," the \
'■•ding wb.oleia.le grocer* end refiners,
each ol whom, both against hii rivala in
hie own business, and in combination
with them against tboae in tbe other,
aimed to extend hia field of operation!
and proft. Each, in hia way, wai striv
ing to ontdo othera in cheaply serving
tbe pnblio and compelling others to do
so. The margin of expense and profit,
both in the refining and in the distribu
tion of sngar, waa leas thsn ever before
or since, the difference between the cost
at which tbs refiner purchased his cen
trifugals, raw sngars, and the price at
which the retail dealer ratal ved from tbe
jobber his standard rafined granulated
being frequently not more than three
fourths of a cent per pound.
From euch conditions has grown the
combine, by which, aa direct employees
of tbe trust in the majority of cases, tbe
wholesale grocers of the United States
— that trade upon which more than
upon any other our people are depend*
ent for their food supply—have com
bined with tbe augar trust to oontrol
tbe most important item of their sup
ply, to limit production, raise prices,
double, treble and Quadruple profits,
and boycott and drive from tbs business
any dealer who darea attempt to aerve
the public more cheaply. At tbia date,
in spite of the extraordinary cheapen
ing of transport during the laat few
yeara, snd tbe great cheapening in
the cost of raw eugara, which would
make tbe old margin an exorbitant
one now, the difference, eaat of the
Rocky mountains, between the price
paid by the refiner for 06 deg., centrif
ugals aud that paid by the retailer to
the jobbor for standard granulated is
1 3 8c per pound, in addition to freights
and charges, and a much higher figure
weatward to the Pacific coast; while
this margin ia no longer otfaet, aa at tbe
earlier period was frequently tbe caee,
by epeciai discounts offered by compet
ing jobbera—tbe larger profit now being
ac rigidly, as invariably and as success
fully exacted as the similar profit at ths
earlier date was frequently rsduced.
Leaving these last oat of the question,
however, as the result of excessive riv*
alrv, the net gain through the combine
in tbo extent to which its normal pro
tits have been increased ia equivalent
to at least 7-10 of a cent, making, upon
the present basis of consumption, at
least $17,500,000, in addition to what in
tiioee former years was a norma! busi
ness profit, and what today with the
narrowing margins of all business,
would be a most liberal margin. Oi
this, somewhat less than one-third is
extra bonus received hr the grocers as
the result of the combine, and the re
mainder is the "lion's share" exac ted
jby the trust us its prerogative—this in
addition to the greatly iocr6aseil pro
fits, which by its en'.arpriee in other di
rections and cheapened processes it
would be in any case able to realiza
from the old margin.
And once for all, it ia noted here, in
answer to those who figure out the low
per cent margin upon which the sugar
business is done, that this trade is con
ducted in such a systematic way aud so
largely aa a "cash" business, that 110
daye would be an extraordinary length
of time to estimate as the average period
during which the funds involved in
any one transaction are held idle, while
the discounts for cash aud for large
orders, not noted above but universally
allowed jobbers, are aueh as, if they
choose to do a short-credit business
with the retailer, amply to pay average
expenses and insure against average
losses as well as reimburse current
interest. To charge against sugar sales
any considerable proportion of general
expenses is unfair, for the reason that
such general expenses are incurred on
behalf of matters other than augar, and
that under the "equity plan" now so
generally in vogue, the most of the gen
eral expense which might otherwise
have been taken iuto account, is done
away with, and with a comparatively
small storehouse, a clerk and a book
keeper, a large wholesale business in
sugar can be done. The bulk of general
expenses is directly or indirectly
necessitated by attempts to realize large
margins on the other goode, to which
they should be charged.
The plea, therefore, now so frequently
the arrangement with the
trust insured the grocers only 4 or 5 per
cent net profit on sugars (which is not
far from correct if those trade and cash
discounts are omitted from the calcula
tion) ie really equal to an au mission of
net profits of from 40 to 60 per cent per
annum on the capital used in handling
The eugar distribution combine has
just passeil successfully a most trying
crisis. The trust naturally took advant
age of the fbw months before the Wilson
bill went into effect co to rush importa
tion and refining as to accumulate great
stocks of refined sugar, to market which
it offered every inducement to the whole
sale grocers. The result was that dur
ing September and October the sugar
market was so glutted that there ensued
throughout the trade an eagerness to
sell which, for the time being, broke all
combinations and forced refined sugars
to a lower price in comparison with raws
than before of late years. But by shut
ting down the refinerieß until after elec
tion, the trust at once posed as a martyr
and "corrected" the market, and now,
with diminisbedstocks and rising prices,
is again in command of the situation.
With the Spreckels in oontrol of Ha
waii, and the Uavemoyera extending
their plantations in Cuba, the trust dic
tates to every branch of sugar produc
tion and distribution in the United
States, taking under its wing every one
concerned—except those who consume
sugar. From its office, at 117 Wall
street, cable messages fly daily to its
agents in Cuba, fixing the price of raw
sugars there; to San Francisco announc
ing "Cuban parity," at which arriving
Hawaiian sugars are to be valued; to
Louisiana, telling her planters what—in
view of Cuban and Hawaiian prices—the
trust condescends to offer for American
eugar; and to its representatives all over,
the world giving the limit—baeed on
Cuban parity—at which they oan pick
( p Austrian, Javan, Philippine, Braa^
: ian and other sugars, when these ara
I temporarily depressed in prioe. In an
adpining room tb* quotations at or
above which tbe subservient dealers
throughout tbe country are permitted
to ssll sugars, are daily settled,
and through the four great
sugar brokers who stand nearest the
throne, these are paesed to tb* 40 othera
who await tbe sugar trust's nod at New
York, and telegraphed to the waiting
hundreds in tbe other cities of tbe land.
These in turn ao promptly notify tbeir
patrona, tbe tbouaanda of wholesale
grocers of tbe country, tbat before their
doore are opened all danger of any pur
chaear getting his augar below truat
pricea is over for the day. By discount
from his bill, or periodical remittance,
as the case may bs, eaoh faithful whole
saler is promptly and liberally paid for
bis loyalty; and whenever, in tlie crisis
of legislation he hears the bugle call of
the trust, be instantly steps into line,
ready to bombard his congreaeman with
telegrams or fight bim with ballots at
abort range until tbe angar trust cause
is triumphant.
Not merely thia, but ail along our bor
ders he keepa tireleaa vigil leat foreign
sugars enter. For he conenra in Mr.
liavemeyer's forcible statement to the
aenate committee, tbat "Every pound
of foreign sugar consumed iv this coun
try is at ths expenae of the American
Sugar Refining company," aud stands
ready to protect against any such dis
aater his guide, philosopher and friend.
Such is the grandest trade organiza
tion tbe world baa ever seen.
The sugar truat dictates the tribute
that ahall be rendered it by the Ameri
can people.
Tbe wholesale grocers are rewarded by
whatever ot largees the truat thinks
neceaaary to insure their loyalty.
There Is a discussion among the wool
men of New York regarding which city
is likely, in the future, to be the great
wool market of the world. Baston is
now the largest market, aud Fhiladel
phia next, with New York city a good
ttird. Boston became the createst
market because it is nearest to the
largest number of wool manufactories.
There are 43 202 looms in mills in
Massachusetts, Rhode Island. Connecti
cut, New Hampshire and Maine, the
largest number being in Massachusetts,
27,273. There are iv Pennsylvania 25,
-341, New York 5.041, aud New Jersey
3.303. In all these states there are,
therefore, 77,847 looms out of a total in
the United Stales of 80,482. It is cvi-
I dent why "Huston and Philadelphia have
become the gre.it wool markets. But
New York men Bee no reason why that
city should not eventually become the
one center of tnis business, as it is of so
many others.
The New York Tribune has made a
meet exhaustive investigation of the
euDjeot from a New York point of view,
and finds that the first argument ad
vanced by the local wool men is that
the manufacturers have to come to New
York to dispose of the products ol their
mills, that city being the great market
for woolens. When they tire in New
York for that purpose, there is no reason
why, if facilities were effj red them, thty
should not purcuase ttieir supplies of
raw materials. It ie claimed that, if
there should be larger importations of
wool under the existing law, naturally,
the greater part of the increased trade
would come to the chief eeeport of the
Steps are being taken to look after
the increased business if it gravitates to
New York, and even to force it gentiy
in that direction.
But the dealers in wool say that this
ia a period of transition. They are very
careful about expressing opinions. Tiieir
calculations in the past have been upset.
It was expected that the increased busi
ness which would result from the re
moval of the duty would iorce the prices
of wool np. The business depression
and overproduction prevented. Frices
have fallen instead of going higher.
And, strangely enough, the prices of
fine wools, of which manufacturers are
using more proportionately than of car
pet wools, have declined more sharply
than the prices of carpet wools. There
is no explanation given for this anomaly.
Overproduction has lowered the price
of fine wools, bat the stoppage of carpet
manufacture has not proportionally
lowered the price Of coarse wools. It is
the curious fact of this period ot transi
The opinion was quite generally ex
pressed by the wool men that the pro
duction of wool in this country would
decrease, the quality improve and the
price advance with the markets of the
world. Because it is expected that
there will be a reaction from this ex
treme period of depression before long,
brought about chiefly by the forced cur
tailment ol the world's supply.
Eastern newspapers are already pre
dicting evil results to California by the
raising of passenger rates to the Pacific
coast. The Chicago Tribune estimates
that there has been a larger winter
tourist business to southern and Cali
fornia points thus far this season than
for some years. The prospects for the
rest of the winter season are exceedingly
flattering, provided the railroads do not
"kill the goose which lays the golden
egg" by putting in effect the advance to
California points recently agreed to. If
the rate is put up to $110 for the round
trip it is safe to predict at least one-half
of the business which would have
gone to Southern California points this
winter will seek Florida and other
southern resorts. It costs less than
one-fourth of the money to go from Chi
cago to Florida that it does to go to the
Pacific coaat, and the difference from
New York and other eastern points is
still greater. Bather than pay the ad-
vauce of $10 winter tourists in large
numbers will prefer to go to southern
resorts,to which the fare is comparatively
cheap. Paeseuger officials of many of the
transcontinental and southern roads
have been interviewed as regards the
winter tourist business Ibis season, and
all of tbem apeak ? of the
busineaa done thus far and tbe prospect
for the next few months. They base
tbeir calculationa, bowaver, upon the
continuance of the $100 round trip to
California, while it ia now certain tho
rate will be advanced by January lat
next to $110.
Tni kk is some diaaatiafaction in the
community in relation to tbe manner in
which the authorities are dealing witti
the Roacoe train robbers. One of them
haa been permitted to make a confea
sion, presumably for the purpose of hang
ing his accomplice, who ia regarded aa
the more guilty of tbe two. It ia not
considered good policy to bargain thua
with criminals of tbia olasa, and it is re
garded as an evidence of weakness in
the proaeoution to operate in tbat man
ner. It seems to bs an acknowledgment
that tbe evidence against the man who
wae induced to confess waa not sufficient
in tbe first inatance, and it implies a
doubt of conviction in the second case.
If, altar all tbeir cunning and finesse,
tbe prosecuting o'Jßcers fail to hang the
man they are after, police methods of
this Bort will tall into diarepute, which
would be very unfortnnate—for tbe po
It is cbeerfnl reading for Los An
geles—the bank olearinga for the week
ending December 14th. It is encour
aging to find the local clearances aggre
gating $1,283,894 and to figure by com
parison, that thia is an increa3e over
tbe correßponding week of laat year of
23.3 per cent. It is encouraging from a
aelfieh point of view to find in this re
port that Tacotna's increaee was only
10 per cent; Seattle's, .6 per cent;
Portland's, 10 3 per cent, and S.\n Fran-
Cisco's 8 0 per cent decrease. Sdo
k.tee's clearances amounted to $213,310,
but no comparison is given, Bfidenool
of substantial prosperity accumulate in
Los Angeles constantly—bank clear
ances are only an, indication.
The Road Will Be Built.
[Prom Aithur McIC wen's Letter.)
Rescue will come through comp>tiiiou, nnd
rescue is uot far off now. Our merchant-4,
our people, habituate . to the robbery, the Bpy
iufr, the bjllyliiK, toe punishments of tne
monopoly, have nr>t lef: wit hi a them the
courage to rise and strike the blow for their
own freedom, but t-vcu thcTr fflj association
win ne brave enough to follow aud tight with
an invading dellvcier. A railroad irllJ be built
through tiio San Joaquin va'.ley, and built
suou. In the nature uf things th.it riCA field
cannot much lon jar be left solely to Hunting
ton. Our uias er is not so tetiible to others as
he ii to us. Men ol Urge Capital in the cast
know that he has drifted into dangerous linau
(ia'waters aud that his wr.cii is at hand.
Wi:hiii a year I look to see railroad bui djrs,
backed by eastern money, attacking lianttttg
tou'n mounnoiy at more ih:tu one point. And
the Southern Pacltia hAI no llgnt iv i*. B'itro
bssdemonstieted that, so did Davie before
auiro, witti one tittle tub uf a bay steamer. Thy
Imposing Houih-.-rn FadOO Can be humbltd
as ehsiiy ah htlie Japan walked through colo •
sal Chins. When thtsu easLrru niej 00010, as
come they must, ihty ttill ii-tve larger mind*
and longer sight than thu Traill i association,
wii.ch on y of m iking Ule a*n Joa<i nu
trim ary U>San FraOCUo U J hey wili have rbe
kind oi br.-iius to under.i a.id thai tlie prosper*
ity of other coast c v s nod d etn men mi to
this, an*d t-> pio noto the goo i i»f toe metecp ins
bystimuiatioig indnttrj auti incretslog joju*
ititiou throughout th** slopd Ihey wid not b)
of the c .liber to assnme an a se f-evi lent pro
position lost can Efrvrttolseo'i inU'ratts wi.l b*
protected by keel lug L 94 AngClel o it of the
biiu JoaqntUiavotoini a scnttaetn oiertsvatj con*
noetic , dtsodminstUM agatnat the luterioi 1 by
compaltinj the pnrtba«ec to follow hither
i oods that paM iiis door and rorolng him to
p«y svav treignt on laeai baOfe again* Tney will
les no wiidom in roaintalniug the deciee
against Nevada.- dftfalOpmenL iv short, they
will not bi dominated by the djuio ». vi
the protection. st. who cannot bOlieTj him
self to be jrosperoua unless hln neighbor*,
who should be purchasers from htm, an; In
penury. These eas!em railroad build rs wiil
not come to this he d of cut-;:p*ise as philan
thropists, but to mike money, an 1 hiving the
sense to cone they will h*ve the wit to under
stand what t in small m«n who direct the
fcouthem Pacifl i hava never nndsrjtood, that
to despo 1 a community of thi last selssble
dollar is not good busluess policy for railroads.
Between a r illruad ie<ttimately managed aud
the Southern Pacitic tht.ro is the same d;lic -
ence eZlstl between a merchant and a pirate*
In San Francisco there Is ample money await
ing investment in rail.oad projects WhOtt tuc
cess snail have the assurance of outside capital
behind them Let one such project be laid be
fore the public here and th i men of the Traffic
pssociation—who now button their own pocket*
against their owu Bclieme, and make faint
hearted appeals to Others to do what they dare
not venture upon themselves-would come to
tho front with their check- books eagerly. The
blacks of the south made brave lighters when
white men led them.
Thtr. I. N»i Hay.nAri H.r*.
[From the Fresno Expositor.]
Los Augeies and Sin Dietjo arc crazy for
slate division and s'.lil they have to come to
l)akeritie:d to buy alfalU hay.
Btitralcaml GanJlro, Hero of rFnpkn,
Sir Edwin Arnold has translated for tLie Lon
don Daily Telegraph an extract from a letter
written to him by an officer in Marshal Yama
gata's (Jorean army, sayi-iif, "I send you the in
closed true account of the death of Shirakaml
tienjiro. a young soldier, who was the flrat man
killed at the battle of Soug*H wan."
Sbirakaml Genjiro,
Bugler in the line!
You shall let our Westerns know
Why the kiku* shine;
Why the oun-flag gleaming
Bright from field to field
Driven the dragon screaming,
Makes the pig-tails yield.
Shlrakami Genjiro
(Okayama man)
Left his ripening rice, to go
Fighting for Japan; -*
Musket on his shouldor,
Bugle en his breast.
Unto each beholder
Line man, like the rest.

He blew the charge so loud
It blared aero-s the plain;
It rattled large and pruud,
From mountain unto main;
He bevy bo c.ear and fcoft
The plg-taiis made to fly
Before the suu-fl,an.y, borne aloft,
Could reach their enemy.
And, while he blew, the boy's blood
Fell, tearlet, drop bydiop,
The bugle'B mouth—and his—imbrued,
Nor from the wound would rtap
The trickling, trick.in?! Stoutly
He sounded Susunie,
The call that btdl all soldiers
Close in tho deadly fray.
The tune of that brave clamor
The Boug-Hwau wall was won;
The tierce charge sped, the foenian h\d,
The day's (teat wo k stood done.
But wcon they turned, vJetoiiou-*,
There on th ) crimson giouuti,
Clasping h s bug.*-, g oriou-,
Young tierjirj was found.
•The chrysanthemum tloweis, cmbkms of
Japan. The Hl<uo-marn, a red su:i on a white
;u> .ud, is the standard of Japan, and the drag- <
on, on v yellow fcrjuuu, ofj-V'au.
Mt Cifti-tltnt'on I*-.■<■ I m I #>n •« Cimti'it 1m
[rVm the Sea >i v ■■ is o Examiner.]
Win, tbecoutnit thrown into tuo eginteture
all fO<tiuf tumo'N have gone the rounds r*.
irtrdiug toe p - of the spjaker of tue kuciii
i: v mi., the probability '.hat Mr. Budd could i o
sept out 01 office by failure lo declare the renit-
Job v Lynch of Hau Bernardino is slated for
M'vaat-r. Mr, Lynch knows a political thing or
two, and is cla*aid as an ex,e lent and palus
takmg i r.'i-rinine-, It ia supposed that he
cm Id be relied upon 10 htdp Mr. Est** out ia
any wdy in his power. But the Democrat* in.
sin*, timt if ho refused to "open and puhdsh tit*
rut urns" he f ou'.d b« mar.dainusea quickly
enough. They insist that under tha cm.slUu
tton tbe I ate ho hai no power to "dtdaie
tho rcsn.t." In this the political coie conllte;s
Witb the constitution.
However, tho principal Matter yo§terday wm
to get the returns ia. Eight years ago when it
came time to seat Washington Bertlvtt an iov
ernor H waa found tha' the returns of Ben
ito county had not been forwarded to the
speaker of tho house. By this slip the late Sen*
ator Vrooman succeeded in keeping Governor
Bartlett out of his seat ior several darn. At that
time Vrooman's brother-Ill'law, W. H. Jordan,
was speaker and did whatever tbe senator
wanted htm to ao. Bo there is no telling what
complication*. Speaker Lynch might have
worked up if the registrar had not forwarded
San Francisco's returns.
That bridge being pa sod, howevar, attention
is again Chiefly directed to the provisions of the
law regarding a legislative c intent. Tho ma
terial auctions of the coie read as follows:
Kec MOi Political Code—Such elector may
within twenty daysafierine declaration of the
result of the elfccilou, deliver to the presiding
officer or ouch housA of the legislature a verified
BpMlflOatioa of the grounds of contest
Section 1806, Political Code—The returns of
election foi g iveruor and lieuionaut-goveruor
must,during the :i st week of the eaaslon. be
op-n :d. canvassed, aid tho result declared by
tne tpeuker *>f t-no u-.seinoiy in tbe preseuce of
both icw-,'-.
Section 200, Politic** Cole—Aa aoon a* the
presiding oill.-em have received the specifica
tions they must inuke out a notice m writing
d.reeled to the person whose election is con
tested and deliver the same to the sergeant at
urniM, who i*.!ut>i *«-rye •ttOA notice at once on
the person therein nainvd.
Section 292, Pol ticai 0 de— Each house must
at once choose seven members of its own body
iv tbe following lhauuer;
1. The nanus of the members, except the
speak*r of assembly, written on similar i a
per tickets, must be placed in a box.
2 The secretary of tbe senate, in the presence
oi tho senate, uudthe clerk of 11 ■«»***«.■ hi b j, iti
the pre&cucc of the » onse, must draw Irom
their respective boxes the namet> of seven mem
b*rn of each.
Section -i»l. Political Code—The members
selected constitute a committee to try Mich
Contested election, aud for mat purpose mu-i
ho d their meetings public y at tho Beat of gov
ernment, at saon tine and p ace as they may
designate, and may adjo >ru from 4«y to day or
to a day certain until such trial U determined.
Th y hfiv ) power to send for person 4 aud pa
per* and to take aU n iceeaary meani to proem c
testimony, extending like privileges to each
party to the contest They must reuort their
judgment til ihe premises to both houses of tlie
legislature, which report must bo entered upon
tne j mrua's.
s ion 205, Political Code—The jndsmeul of
the committee thm reported is linal and con
F.om section It will b> seen that the
com ii cannot be Inaugurated until Mr. Bndd
has b'on declared elect'd and ci yen his
POJHO Liiii ] within 'JO liny- after Uml I.mc. 'lhit
dispose* of iho notion tli Ui i overuor Marsh-tni
chii be kep; in oftoo whil-s a recount ii going
00. Possess-.on being nine pi in sof the law,
Mr. Budd will ha in a fairly good position to
fight any Attempt to oust i<im.
nut with a:l these povisions of tho polilica'
cod} the law] era on both sides have come ttPOQ
a Kt.ction of the constitution tint is g.vui*; the
Republicans pain in proportion hs It gives tin
Democrat! Jjy. This 11 a- etien 4 of articles v
of the coumuu ion, nnd it say*- :
Tup returns «f every election for povcrnoi
slm ibe yea ed up a:id truusiallt*d to me sea*.
Of vovernir.ent, directed to the speaker of the
a*semolv, who shall, during tin- t';r-.t wei-k o'
the >*n on, o;>"ii ail I pub Uu ih> in in the prvs'
eilctj of both hontOfl f,: !;: " >! luro > '■
person bavins tue bighoet liuutler of vo c*
shad b - governor.
Under ibis the L> mocratic inwye r* dec ■re
that the conflict ng lection of the p'd.iciii
cod-- whiih sivs the speaker slia 1 open aud
canvass the returns and declare the result. ;s
contiued by the cous.ituLou to opining aud
nub toning the reinjur* A* the conttitotlon Is
tin* higher authority, the Lb niocaia will t land
1 a', on this contention*
Then, UM. there i« that declaration of the
constitution tint the porann bavin* the li'ithtsi
number of Voi*e DOdet the Ntumi opened and
pub isbt-il by ;ho Rpeakes ' shall be governor*'*
Ho n*' of tbe lawyer Insist that this ittnti off
any conies, under the c - * te. Some of the Rj
pnbito*ii lawyer* aiv ther* in noming in thii
point Otluri ar • v-jry dubio a about it.
;»ir. K.-: t r ii i. eft a'i this to the " awy ors
ana the n > riv " and thes** Inwyjr* a d some of
th p»rty, i poinding Mr. Bum-, who is toiue ot
it, witi oonie to a ueci<!ou today.
A Bait road by I'rr xy.
[F:om the Napa Daily Journal.j
Tho mule traiu bjtweeu Stockton auil Fresno,
put in operation by a Han Francisco merchant,
is making it** regular trips, and the great
daUtei of Pan Francisco are chuckling over the
prospect that it Will bring the Southern Pacific
company to term*, ilea iwhiin the-* caJi upon
the people of the southern counties to lub
snrib to build a competing radroad to San
Francisco. Toe business men of San Franeinco
list-n and wait for some one else to build the
20 tote Each.
A Merry Xmas to All!
Cream Chocolate.
Adams St Tract
300 50-FOOT LOTS
No nrjud. Graded, street. Cerricnt walk and curbs.
Building restrictions. 17-4 lots sold since June th c first.
Only is minutes'ride. (DORA (PQAA <P if AA i a CfIAA Tatee Central avenue cars at
Free carriage from our office. )fIOU, $OUU, ipUU 10 JOIIU m " 3 J .^P"" : itrect3 t0
GRIDER & DOW, 109 South Broadway. Telephone 1299.
! «£■ S3 HS iPfc S3 5^!;3 A T 1 F ra S*> na a m v ■?» /tv r* -Sk HI
.i j — —- 1 — : s
' m The entire beautiful collection of @
£ 324 Soutli iSpririfr st. i
!■ Hand-modeled Terra Cotta Sketches, from Naples. Q
I Artistic Furniture and Wood Carvings, from Venice. ■»
■3B Marble Statuary from Florence. 'V
ga, Bohemian Art Glassware, Ko man Silk Blankets, ..and
many other rare and valuable articles suitable for ■
• Sale absolute mid unreserve!, as we have orders from the 2*
consignors lo close out the exhibits entirely, and our store ißm
gfj must be vacated on December - J6th. g|
J 2 Sale Begins Tuesday, December 18™
! ® At 2 o'clock p. in. and continue* at 2 p in. ami 7,:3U p.m. H
ki'S] each day until the whole c, dlecti in has bei-n sold. «a
£ TKOS. B. CLARK, Auctioneer. |
□ga N. H.—We will continue, dutlnjc. thin aale, to rime oat at I'rivato Sale Only our m*.
(231 tine stock of Ar.iitin Jewelry at very low ant mill furthnr reduced prions. Hand-
• cnesed Solid Silver Italian Souvenir spoon*, regular price $J, thin .f I ..o Cur.oiu mm
Australian it tone Hcarfpln?, fu»m $ t to on-prlco Mill weat ,>■> cjuta. Atta: BtxS
gg| of Hobo, in olegaut cm-Rlam bottles, worth $1, 101 -5 ceute a bottle,
Uauini'a World's Fair Art Store, 5i24< South Spring street.
jglg ISIS
Not a Dollar Need Be Pail Ua For fsv£ 49j&T 0m
Treatment of Rupture Until ML |?5
Cure Is Effcted. \* j£&msi f
SPE CIA LISTS jflfc^fip
PodtWely cv c lv from HO to 00 day» all k'.ndi ol , (mßwß[
etc, without tiio uea of knife, arawiax blood or detention from business.
CONSULTATION AND EXAMINATION FREE. Can refer lntertit&d partioi to promlnaat
Lee Aniccln cltliene who hire been tretteil bjr them. Care miarnnteed.
PRODUCERS OF 1 I Geßer o| flc^f in, ' SS
Tel. 196. PETROLEUM Wells at hut* CsL
This Company is prepared to sell anl dsliver crude petroleum ia large of
small quantities either iv tank cars oa lin; of railroad* in Las Angelas or out
side, or by tauic wagoa or drums t>any part of city. We furnish crude petro euut
to Cable R'y to., aj&ctrlc R'y Co., Temple-st R'y Co. andpther larg^eomT§*aie3.
Burns, FOR MAN Bruises,
Rheumatism, AND BEAST. Stiffjoints.
Holidays at Jones', 226 W. First st B|RL n H ot.t.
Mill T. (1(1
117 S, Spring" St.,
Books, Books,
inAA^ T
Now for salts la L'.'S Angeiui
Lots from $225 to $950.
Cement Bldewnlks. Oity Walor.
Electric Cam. Good Streets
II yon went a good residence lot in tin
Get Bap and price li«t at our olllno,
415 North Main St.
HICHAM) ALTsWHtJL, Sole Agent.
11-tt cod ;im
MISS IC. c. COLLINS invitci the ladies to
examine hur now »< ad ei*ir*T't >in« of .mil
linery good*, just ren ived from New Vor--.
Imjioitetl Ha k «a 1 BtUtlaUl (Utd t"»> »W*e«l Miirt
finest general millinery ever ayed in
tt<e el >. Prices :>.:■■> ,1 . sad tatluini lion
01) s IJroadw »y. Y.M<\_A. Bnlld'g.

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