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HISTORY OF ANCIENT TRIBES The subject that the Fiesta committee has selected for representation by the floats abounds With antiquity, mystery and ro mance. The History of Spanish-American Civil ization covers a scope so wide and so di versified In its character that it opens an almost unlimited field for the artist and tbe historian. The origin nf the different tribes, shrouded as it is in mystery, has so many traditions anci legends that the residts of the researches made by students read like fables. It is evident, therefore, that the suc cession of floats to he seen during Fiesta week will be a i lisplay of great historical value and will lie of interest, not only to the visitors, but to the residents of this city. The spectators will be led through the different periods, when civilization was making slow progress and treading a rough path to elevate the Indian from his stage of bigotry and superstition to hu man intelligence and from his adoration of the sun to tbe teachings of Christ. Each of these Hoots will be a history in itself. The High Priest of the Sun will lead a procession of Incas, while the Em peror of the Toltecs will lead a band of his slaves. Then again Montezuma the Great will be seen seated in a chariot, and the cus toms and manners of the Aztec tribe will be portrayed. Further on the Aleutians, that north ern race that is supposed to have massa cred the tncjlaus of Catalina and other islands, will appear, and so on, until at last Uncle Sam, with the Stars and Stripes floating from the liberty pole, will com plete a picture, that for brilliancy, scope and historical value has no equal any where. But follow the history of these tribes, necessarily briefly related in these col umns, and the true merit and romance will at once suggest itself. The Toltecs do not receive very favor able mention from writers. Some histo rians consider them an inferior race, sim ply a tribe of sedentary Indians. It is stated that the kingdom of the Toltecs lasted from "20 A. D. to 1116 A. D., when their destruction was accomplished and their people dispersed. Tbe ending of this race was caused mainly by famines ami pests and the invasion of strange peo ples. The last act of their resistance as a distinct tribe was a sanguinary battle with enemies, in which the chieftain, Topiltzin, Meconitzin and his wife, XochitL were slain. 'i k .ie Toltec nation, however, is not with out an interesting history. They claim tbat their ancestors founded a city some where on the shores of the Colorado River. There they lived for generations, until at last they wandered toward the south. They founded their great city of Tollan, now* Tula, which became the seat of gov ernment of the Toltec nation. In form they were tall, robust and well formed, of light, sallow complexion, and could run at the greatest speed for hours. They were refined in their tastes but most cruel and brave in war. To them belongs the credit of having invented part of the menu that is until this day so much beloved by the Mexicans and enjoyed by Americans, They had corn, chile, frijoles and other delicacies and eatables that have become distinc tively Mexican. The early faith of the Toltecs was the adoration of the sun, moon and stars. In fact they regulated the division of time by the stars. Their principal god was Tonacatecuhtli, because, according to their belief, he warmed the earth and made it fruitfnl, thus giving tbem their chief blessing. They offered flowers, fruits and sacrifices of small animals to him. But in the matter of personal adorn ment they had definite styles. These styles did not change as often as nowa days, but their garments were made of strong or delicate fabrics in many colors and designs, and frequently studded with precious stones, which they worked ami cut them selves. Near the now extinct volcano. Nevada de Toluca, about forty miles of the City of Mexico, tbe "Toltecs had a palace of stone decorated with hieroglyphics. Among the legends of tbat peculiar nation is one that the ashes of one of their ohiets were carried to heaven by handsome birds, that his heart followed aud became the morning star. The 'loiters discovered an intoxicating drink, that has been the delight, of the Mexicans from that time to this. Strangely, a woman named Xochitl first showed to her lord, the king, how to ex tract from the heart of tho maguey a sweet honey to drink, and from that strong distilled liquors were made. These ancient Indians became addicted to the intoxicating fluid, and as the temperance unions had not been established, the Tol- AZ'EC WARRIORS—WnEN SLAIN IN BATTLE THEIR BODIES WERE ORNAMENTED AND WKIiE BELIEVED TO INHABIT THE SUN. tecs deteriorated in the most disastrous manner and soon were lost as a nation. But little is absolutely known about the Zuni Indians. History has it that they belong to a I'ueblo tribe, a semi-civilized remnant of the Aztec empire. They in habit a district of New Mexico about two hundred miles southeast of the Moqusi' settlement, and number about two thou sand souls. Their town, Zuni, is about half a square mile in area, and their bouses, some of which are three and four stories high, are built of adobe. Ladders to tbe roof are used as a means of en trance. The Zunis are generally occupied in ag riculture, are peaceful and industrious, and have but little inclination toward sports. Tbey care little for hunting and other outside exercise as are usually found among Indian tribes. Their government is not expensive and their salary list so small that even the retrenchment committee now at work with the ax in Sacramento could rind nothing with which to make a record. Their only officials are a governor and a high priest, the latter being the oracle of the tribe and the temporal and spiritual guide. He is the main ruler, as his or ders arc the laws that are carried into ex ecution by the government, The traditions of the Zuni Indians are that they came from the northwest on their march southward; that all Pueblo Indians belong to v common race and are members of the Aztecs and Montezumas; that some of the forefathers remained be hind during the nation's migration, but that the greater body ultimately formed the empire of Mexico.* Several of the chief men of the tribe made a pilgrimage to the Atlantic ocean in IMS 2to procure some of its water, which they deemed sacred. They visited several cities in the East, under the guidance of Frank 11. Gushing of the Smithsonian In stitute at Washington, who has the dis tinction of being the only foreigner ever adopted into the tribe and who has lived among them for a number of years to study their manners and customs. The religion of the Incas is one that combines all the superstitions and religious beliefs of ancient Indian tribes. It can be said that their origin is shrouded in mys tery and that their traditions are fabulous in character and can be looked upon in the light of a legend. According to historical data Manco, the first inca, tirst appeared on the shores of Lake Titicaca, Peru, with his wife, Mama Oello. He announced that he and his wife were children of the sun and were sent by A HOME AMONG THE INCAS—THE? USEO LADDERS TO ENTER THEIR DWELLINGS, WHICH WERE GENERALLY SIX STORIES HIGH. the glorious Intl (the sun) to instruct the simple tribes. He carried with him a golden wedge, or. as it is sometimes called, a wand. Wherever this wedge, upon being struck upon the ground, should sink into the earth and disappear forever, there it was decreed Manco should build his capital. Marching northward became to the plain of Cuzco, where the wedge disappeared. Here he founded the city of Cuzco, be came the tirst inca and founded the Peru vian race. He instructed the men in ag riculture and the arts, gave them a com paratively pure relipion and a social and national organization; while his wife, who is sometimes represented in the dual role of his sister, taught the women to sew, spin and weave. He therefore be came the absolute ruler of his tribe, both political and spiritual. After having given his people proper laws and organizing them into communi ties, he quietly took his departure and allowed them to "paddle their own ca noe." He merely sent a proclamation to his people stating that be had "ascended to his father, the sun,"and nothing more was heard of him. It is claimed that that event took place after he had reigned forty years, in the year 1082 A. D. The origin of the Aztecs is no clearer than of any of the other tribes. It is claimed that previous to migrating they dwelt in a land far to the northeast of Lake Clapala. This region strongly re minded, them of their far-off home, they called Aztlan, and from this they called themselves Aztecs. In the middle of the seventh century they determined to seek a new home and commenced a long, tedious and dangerou tramp toward tbe scrtithwest, under tin marsnalship of their priests. The latter not being supplied with charts or compass, I traveled by inspiration, and as a conse quence they paused whole years in differ ent places, building bouses and temples and leaving them as souvenirs. They soon became a kind of ancient gypsy tribe, and it is said that some parts of this nation are still moving around and bave never been able to find a permanent abode. I'orriOO years the main body of the Az tecs moved us slowly as the Industrial Army, and in 124 t they became tired and halted. It was then that they changed LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNIKG. FEBRUARY 17, 1895 their name to Mexieas, from which the word Mexican was afterward derived. This change of name was not made, how ever, because they desired to elude the vigilance of tbe " officials of their native country on account of criminal acts, but because the priests received orders from one of their gods, Mexitli, that they should adopt a name like his. This name finally attached itself to the country they Inhabited and finally was applied to the entire area that stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Chapul tepec, meaning Hill of the Grasshopper, was named hy them, and in their picture writings they depict it as a small hill with a huge grasshopper standing all over it. The Aztecs knew no alphabet, but cor responded by certain signs or hiero glyhies. that were taught by priests and handed down for generations. Yet they had their books on religion, history, poetry, feasts and wars. They wrote on linen Cloth and the colors were produced from vegetable dyes. Some of their pic tures are yet in existence in the museum at the City of Mexico. It is strange that the religious customs of the Aztecs were so barbarous that even ! neighboring tribes abhorred their cus toms. And vet they firmly believed in a future life. While the other tribes be lieved that after death tbe people would be transformed into insects, the Aztecs conceived uf graduated stages of happiness for mankind. Warriors who were killed in battle were immediately to dwell in the house of the sun. For four years after the death of a relative the friends of fered Mowers, wine and meat to the de ceased. Rut when a chief died his body was | ornamented and several papers were pre l sented to the corpse, one of which was a passport across the defile between the two mountains, another with which to avoid the great serpent, etc. A little red-haired dog was killed and buried near the corpse to guide its master across the I great torrents that every departed soul t must encounter. j Every man was bouud to marry at the I age of 21, and he could have as many wives as he was able to support. The Aztecs were musical and they had a sort of theatrical exhibition, in which the faces of the actors were hid witb masks representing birds or animals. The most important relic that is in ex istence today and proves the mental pow ers of the Aztecs is a calendar, carved in tho year 1612 A. I>. and now built in the cathedral of the City of Mexico. For two centuries this immense calendar, with other objects of heathen worship, lay hid den in the ruins of their temples that had been destroyed hy fire, as it was finally discovered in 1790, when the Spanish Viceroy ordered it built in the sacred edi fice at Mexico. This calendar is 12 feet in diameter and made of a piece of basalt of immense weight. It gives a clear idea of the divis ion of time as understood by tbe Aztecs, into cycles, years and days. Fifty-two years constituted a cycle, 805 days a'year, of which were five unlucky days, that were utilized to make them still more un lucky for those wbo were selected as vic tims for human sacrifice. Each year had eighteen moi.t'is and twenty days each,and the months four weeks and five days each. The days were desighated by such high sounding names as "Rain," "Sea Animal," etc. The tribe believed that a great catastrophe would occur at the end of each cycle. When the unlucky five days in the year approached they de* stroyed everything they possessed, tore their garments and gave* themselves up to despair, as they considered that they liad no further use for any earthly comforts. When the time for the human sacrifice arrived, a procession moved to the top of a hill, six miles south of the city. At midnight a tire was kindled by rubbing sticks of wood over the breast of the human victim. The body of this victim was thrown to the flames, and when live lives had been burned everybody shouted with joy and delight, and the surviving Aztecs returned to their houses, com menced a season of house cleaning and replaced all tiie broken pots und pans and ruined clothes with new ones. Aside from their barbarous religious practices, the members of the tribe were gifted with a certain amount of civiliza tion not found among others. They had the greatest respect for women, who ruled their homes peacefully, and who were oc cupiod mostly in the cultivation of flowers and ornamentation. Among the women was a set of nuns who were called priestesses, and who at the age of 12 or 13 retired to the teocalli, where their hair was cut and where they dressed in white. Their life was one of abstinance and toil, and their actions and movements were guarded in daytime by a lady superior, and at night by old men. They assisted at the re ligious dances, adorned their hands and feet with feathers, and painted their cheeks red to a point that would cause envy in the hearts of the variety actresses. Tney had a peculiar manner of painting their faces on days of penance, when they pricked their ears until they bled and used the blood as a "rouge." Such were the Aztecs in 1500, after little more than a century of life in their new land, and they were soon conquered by the Mexicans and lost their identity and nationality. One of , the floats will represent some scene in the conquests of Cortes, whose life was so replete with exciting and ro mantic mci .ents that it will not be diffi cult for the artist to present a most real istic picture. Fernando Cortes was certainly a self made man. He was born in 14H5 at Me dellin, Spain, and at an early age de veloped a taste for military tactics rather than for the study of science. He entered the army with the intention of serving under the great Captain Gonialvo of Cor dova, but met with an accident that pre vented his wish, and as soon as lie had recovered from his illuts- he went on a tour of adventure to the West Indies. From 1504 to 1511 he traveled in the In dies, and in that year accompanied Diego Velasquez to Cuba, of which he subse quently became Alcalde. In connection with his residence in Cut a is a bit of ro mance. It b claimed that Cortes fell in love with a young lady named Dona Cab alida Juarez, who was also admired by his superior and who subjected him to terrible persecutions on account of his amours. Cortes was imprisoned and then incarcerated in a ship and chained. He escaped, and .swimming to shore took ref uge in a sanctuary. Subsequently he married the lady of his choice and be came the foremost man in Cuba. Whatever may be said of Cortes as a brave and undaunted warrior, much of his personal qualities show decided defects of his character. He was more than cruel to ward his enemies, lind his greed of plun der leu him to many nets that 'deserved the severest censure. * Yet he was a man who was beloved and respected by those surrounding him and over whom he exer cised an irresistible influence, Cortes embarked at San Jago, the Cuba of 1518, with a squadron of eleven small vessels, carrying ILO sailors and 550 sol diers. After some unimportant experi ences Cortes landed at the Tabasco River, where he spent Palm Sunday and where high mass was celebrated. At the end of March, 1519, word was received hy Monte zuma that the white men were at the plateau of Analuiac, and demanded imme diate audience. In order to make himself popular with the natives, Cortes allowed himself to be decorated wit!) the ornaments belonging to the god Juetzaleoatl, and the populace be came convinced that it was their deity, who had returned to them. He soon re ceived orders from Montezuma to depart, he himself having retired to the mount ains. Instead of acting upon the King's orders, Cortes found valuable allies in the natives, and he at once established the site of Vera Cruz and declared himself Captain-peneral of his forces. He soon received an invitation to visit the Cacique ol Canpoallan, and Cortes Wits | not slow in leaving the hot and sandy ; shores uf the Gulf of Mexico for fresh air | ami better climate. He was received with | great honors, and during his stay learned j of the existence of the republic of Klax ealla, hostile to Mexico, and immediately resolved to avail himself of these people ff necessary. He resolved to visit that coun try, ami started on his march in 1519. lie was received well enough by the people, hut an army ol Otomis, a tribe Friendly to the Tlaxcalans, did no.tap prove of the invasion and gave Cortes battle, and on the sth of September, 1519, the first real struggle between the army of the New World and the descendants of an ancient- race took place. Cortes won and the defeated warriors returned to their city to consult their oracle. The latter announced that Cortes' army was composed of children of the sun and invincible during the day, but that at night tliey would lose * their strength, and be like other mortals. Act ing Upon this advice Cortes was attacked the next night, but was again victorious. Peace was declared, the republic recog nized as a vassal to the oroWII of CustiTe ami Cortes established the Christian reli gion among the tribe. He insisted upon the abolition of human sacrifices and cel ebrated the tirst mass, upon which occa sion many young girls were baptized. Cortes had now determined to conquer Mexico, and at once commenced the march to the capital city. He was met by Montezuma, who offered him costly presents, magnificent carpets were spread on the grounds and other tokens of friendship were offered. The Spaniard was invited to the palace at Axayacatl, and he gladly accepted the hospitality, Cortes' tirst endeavor after gaining Mon tezuma's friendship was to have the lat ter embrace the Catholic religion and be come a subject of the King of Spain. Cortes had nearly accomplished his pur nose Slid succeeded in the abdication of Montezuma, when he was called back to Vera Cruz, where Narvaez, an emissary from the Governor of Cuba bad landed with directions to disposses him of his command. He surpris M the new-comer, seized the horses of his command and at once returned to Mexico. Here be found matters changed through the poor policy i of the man he had left m command, but he w;ts too smart and brave a man to be foiled, He made Montezuma address the Mexicans and plead for them, hut bis people assaulted their monarch and re fused to obey his commands. Seeing that his presence was unsafe he resolved to abandon the city, and with his army left on the night of July I, 1530. He was attacked by the Mexicans, but es caped and fell under a large tree, where he reviewed tin- extent of bis misfortune. Tbis escape is called the Noehe triste, and the tree under which Cortes sat and wept isa venerable cypress still alive. Cortes gathered tiie remnants of his army and commenced a campaign against Mexico that lasted eight months. He killed thousands of Mexicans, until Cuahtemoc, the young monarch, sur rendered on the 13th of August, 1521. The country was put under martial law, al though Mexican chiefs were allowed to re tain tbeir titles. He ruled with an iron hand, but fought for the Catholic Church, which lie established among the Indians. He returned frequently to Spain, but was received coldly by his sovereign, and finally died in the neighborhood of Seville on December 2, 15-17. His body was buried in great state in the chapel of the Dukes of Medina Sidonia. He had willed, however, that his bones should be re- A MEXICAN MONUMENT FOUND BT CORTES AFTFR THE FLIGHT OF MONTEZUMA. NEAR THE CITY OF MEXICO. turned to Mexico in ten years, and on July 2, 1794, his ashes were placed in a marble sepulchre in the Church of Jesu Nazareno, that he had founded himself. WITH HORSES OR ELECTRICITY Asking for a Street-Car Franchise Along First Street O. A. Ivers, John S. Maltman, John Kennedy, Richard Dillon and Henry T. Hazard have asked tho Oity Council for a franchise for a double-track street railway on West First street, from Bonnie Brae street to the west city limits. The roail is to be operated with either horses or elec tricity, and the franchise as asked for is to run for fifty years. The Council will take the matter up on Monday, ami it is probable the tirst move will be to refer it to the City Attorney. Dunn Goes to Sacramento City Attorney Dunn left yesterday on another trip to the capital of the state, where the able law-makers arc now gath ered. Information had reached him that the proposed changes in the Vrooman act are coming up at once, and he qi >da- llied himself thence, to be in at the full ing, and, if possible, sec that Los An.,cles gets her share of the game, whatever it may be. f Lack of vltalltv and color-matter in the hatha causes the hair to fa 1 out and turn gray. We recommend Hall's Hair Kencwer to prevent baldness aod gra- ness. Vt'vll paper hung , 10c roll, S. Spring. FOR HIGH-CLASS MUSIC La Fiesta Concerts Will Be a (ireat Attraction A NUCLEUS FOR THE FUTURE Sub-committees Appointed to Solicit Subscriptions Soon Charles E. Day Selected a» Director of the Choruses-. The Amusement Committee' Is Now Hard at Work Charles E. Day has accepted the of fer of the music committee to act as director of the chor uses at the Fiesta concerts. Mr. Day has in the past been very successful in directing large bod ies of vocalists, and he will do all in his power to make the programme to which lie has heen assigned a decided success. Applications from those who de sire to take part In the chorus wiil he received by Mr. Day, Professor WilhartitZ and E. P. Kubel, and the ap- A SACRIFICAL CEREMONY—THE TOLTECS RESERVED FIVB DAYS EACH YEAR FOR HUMAN SACRIFICE. pltcantS are requested to signify their in tention as soon as possible. Tt is the intention of the directors and the music committee, however, to exer cise a somewhat critical supervision over those wdio are willing to participate. They will be required to give sufficient evi dence of their vocal powers before their services will be accepted. Many are will ing to sing in the chorus simply for the sake of obtaining free admission to the concert, without being possessed of a voice equal to the occasion. Tbat class of singers will not be accepted. Hut the oommltee is fully aware of the fact that a large number of people reside in this city who have good vocal qualities, and who will have sufficient patriotism and pride in the success of the Fiesta to offer their services, and upon those will rest the responsibility of making the con certs a grand feature of the carnival. The music committee has a plan of greater extent than the Fiesta concerts. The latter are intended as a basis for an nual musical festivities during the Fiesta, such as the Handel and Haydn Music Festival in New York and elsewhere East. Those in charge of this matter will use their best efforts to obtain the co-opera tion of the local talent to make such a festival a success in the future festivals. Professor Stewart Taylor will wield the baton over the musical societies of the surrounding towns, that will also form part of the concert programme. Each participant will be provided with a ticket, entitling him or her to a re served seat upon the stage, and in this manner confusion in seating the members of the choruses will be avoided. The finance committee has districted the city and appointed a sub-committee for each district to solicit funds for the Fiesta. These committees will commence an active and systematic canvass on Monday morning and expect to receive a cordial and liberal response from the citi zens. Following are the names of the chair men of the sub-committees and the dis tricts to which they are assigned: A. P. Lewis, Los Angeles street; Fred Lam bourn, Aliso street; John A. Keifcr, north of Plaza; John P>. Wachtel, Main between Temple and Plaza; C. F. A. Last, Main between Temple and Second ;J. J. Dorn, Main between Second and Sixth; W. F. Ball, Spring from Temple to First; H. V. Anderson, Spring from First to Second; J. 11. Newberry, Spring between Second and Third; J. W. Vaughn, Spring between Third and Fourth; H. J. Kraemer, Spring between Fourth and Seventh; A. E. Pom eroy, liroadway between Temple and Third; Dr. G. MacGowan, Broadway, be tween Second and Fourth; John H. Trout, Broadway between Fourth and Seventh; Isidor Fleishman, Commercial street; T. H. Avery, First street; R. Altschul, Second street; Wesley Clark, Third street; Miles Pease, Fourth and Fifth streets; A. Hamish, New High and Temple streets. The amusement committee has under 'consideration several special features for the Fiesta week, that, will meet with public approval. On Monday evening, April 15th, it is proposed to have a bril liant and amusing programme, when the Queen de la Fiesta will be publicly in stalled. In the afternoon the formal trans fer of the keys of the city, by the Mayor, will take place, and the official installation of Her Majesty will be accompanied by aH the pomp and splendor usual for such imposing ceremonies. In the evening, however, a more in formal tone will pervade the festivities. Members of the committee and of the Queen's Court will deliver humotous speeches, and the affair will be of a light and amusing character, without court formalities. It has been decided to exercise the strictest supervision over the masquerade ball at Hazard's Pavilion on Thursday evening. Instead of an invitation affair, admission can only be gained by sub scription, and prizes will be offered for the best sustained characters. Only masks will be allowed on the floor, and it is expected that full dress will be "de riguer'' in the balconies. The decora tions have been already described in The Herald during the week. The athletic tournament will take place on Friday evening by electric lights. There will be bicycle races, tugs of war and a lot of burlesque sports. Arrange ments are being made to have some of these tournaments open to ladies. The following sub-committees have been appointed to take charge of these separate events. Installation carnival —Louis Gottschalk, John W. A. Off and K. Ogden. Athletic tournament -Wm. F. Kennedy, Adolph Frese and Louis Herzog. Carnival ball—John T. Griffith, Maurice S. Hellman and Albert A. Jones. The offer of the Wheelmen's Training League to act as couriers has been grate fully accepted. The proposition of Los Angeles Parlor No. 45, X. S. G. W. and La Esperanza Parlor, Native Daughters, to take charge and manage a grand ball during Fiesta week has been declined, as other plans had been made. TO BE GENERAL MANAGER Mr. Nunn Disposed of All His Worldly Possessions But the fndianofa Paint and Ochre Company Was Not What It Had Been Cracked Up to Be •"•*] James Nunn yesterday filed the pre* liminary papers in an action agaist Joseph A. and 0. A. Garner and A. A. Graff, whom he charges with having success fully conspired to defraud him last month of block C at The Palms, one horse, one cow, one set of harness, one wagon, one piano-forte, one sewing machine, house hold furniture and farming implements. It is to recover the land and the personal property, the latter of which Nunn values at $1000, that he brought the suit. The plaintiff says that in September ol last year he became acquainted here with Graff and the Garners, and his friendship with the latter rapidly grew into in timacy. After they had inspired confi dence they represented to Mr. Nunn that Joseph A. Garner wns the owner of 105U shares of fully paid-up stock in the In dianola Paint and Ochre Manufacturing Company of Indianola, Neb., worth at the time $10,500. Nunn was also made to believe that the company owned rich min eral deposits, a large mill with tine build ings and extensive machinery, and that its affairs were so prosperous that it hail paid a dividend of 10 per cent in 1883. In fact the concern was so prosperous that within five years its stock would be worth $2 on the dollar of its present valuation. After Mr. Munn's eyes hail begun to bulge at the great prospects in store for the Indianola Paint and Ochre Manfactur ing Company, he naturally was anxious to be let in on the ground door, if such a thing were not altogether unrealizable. Capricious fortune favored him more than he could have hoped, for his newly-made friends not only offered to help him in his wishes, but offered him the responsible position of general manager of the com pany for a period of two years at a monthly salary of $100, with headquarters at Dcs Moines, lowa. All that was necessary to take a first class ticket on the road to wealth, they told Munn, was to purchase Joseph A. Garner's stock in the company, or if he had not got the necessary cash* on hand to trade his ranch for the scrip. The trans action seemed so favorable to the plaintiff that he closed the trade and threw in tome other real estate he owned in Topeka, Kan., to become the possessor of Gamer's 1050 shares. After Nunn had conveyed his property to the defendants on January 28, his evas commenced to open quickly, ami 'he learned that the stock of the" lmlianola Paint and Ochre Manufacturing Company had no value at all, that it owned uo ricn mineral deposits; that it oweu ~ver 16000, more than the total value of the whole outfit. Instead of having paid dividends in 1893 it had, on the contrary, become insolvent at that time. The position of general manager which Nunn was to have, turned out a myth and every other glow ing representation made by tne Games and Graff to Nunn turned out a burstnd soap bubble. Having at last fully discovered the de ceit of which he was the victim, Stinn sought out Peck & Foley, luwyers, aj»d having laid the case fully befoVe them, asked them what to do. The result of their advice was an action to haw tiie deed to the land cancelled and a demand for his cow, his piano and the rest oi the household goods, or $1000 cash in lieu of these necessary adjuncts in a modern ranch. This is the seoson to get the best val* ues und attention in tine tailoring from/ H. A. Getz, 112 W. Third street. 7 Hollenbeck Hotel Cafe. Grill rooms ami private dining rooms. Oysters on shell.,.