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IS THE STATE DIVISIBLE? Answers of Many Prom inent Citizens THEY HI DIFFERENT OPINIONS Some Opposition on the Grounds of Sentiment THE MAJORITY FAVORS IT Several Think the Question Premature at This Time Interesting Views ot Well Known Men In Southern California Daniel Freeman Thinks a Useless Attempt at This Time Would Only Embitter Section Against Section Shall the great state ol California be divided? This is the question that The Herald has asked of many citizens of Southern California. It is a question that South ern California must consider. It is a ques tion, too, that Southern California must answer. The question was raised south of Tehachepi. Already the north has an swered with an emphatic "no," and if Southern California desires the division of the state her citizens must be united upon the proposition. Even then it is not certain that the end could be achieved in the near future. Certainly, unless the vast majority of the voters of Southern California desire the change and believe that California should be divided into northern and southern states, there is little chance of a minority or even of a bare majority of the citizens of this sec tion of the state being able to enforce their views. But, now, what are the views of the citi zens of Southern California on this im- portant question? In order to answer this question The Herald has communicated with a large number of the best known property own ers, merchants, bankers, and prominent citizens in all parts of Southern Califor nia. Next to knowing the exact strength of a given issue, it is valuable to know the views of the representative citizens, or a large portion of them. In a previous issue The Herald published a large num ber of opinions of well-known citizens on the question, and now another batch of answers to the Herald's interrogatory cir cular has accumulated, and are published in the following columns: The form ol The Herald's circular was, "Are you favorable or unfavorable to state division? Why?" Some of the answers are lengthy and some of them very brief. Here is a very brief one from George E. Bridges of Beaumont, who answers with a single word, "Favorable." Another brief and pointed answer is that of AVilliam Starbuok of Fullerton, wdio says: "Favorable—First, state too arge; second, interests too diversified to permit of universally beneficial legisla tion." "I am in favor of state division," says C. Uncommon of Los Angeles. "Not at this time."—Henry T. Haz ard. H. It. Gregory of Calico says, "Favor able." J. W. Tnrner of Santa Ana says, "Yes; state too long, and parts too diver sified in many features." J. A. Owens of Daggett writes, "I am unfavorable to state division." O. li. Livesey, of Fairmount, says, "Unfavorable; there is not population enough to make one strong state yet." ! Richard Gird, of Chino, says, "Favor able." B. li. Barney, of Hanford, answers, "At present unfavorable." W. W. Howard, of Alessandro, "My answer is, unfavorable, as it now seems unnecessary." W. Newport writes, "I am not in fa vor of state division at present; I think it a little premature." Mrs. W. A. Blasters, of Pasadena, kindly writes: "Mr. Masters is in the East, but I know that he would reply to your question that he is in favor of state division." The other and longer answers are as fol lows : C. F. Emery, Alpine—l was born in Woodland, Yolo county, Cal., and, of course, think there is no place like Cali fornia. But I think the conditions are very different between Northern and Southern California. Our interests in re gard to irrigation and many other things do not receive the attention at Sacramento that they should. We can and should have a new state This is my wish. W. S. Wright, attorney, Pasadena- Unfavorable at present, for the reason that the southern portion of the state can not afford the expense now attendant upon state division. Its growth during the last ten years has been phenomenal, and the necessary public expenditures in the matters of roads, bridges, public buildings and public services have been so great as to become almost burdensome. I believe the time will come when the state n ill be and ought to be divided. It would be hard to lose our proper share (senti mentally) in its greatness and traditions. E. E. Burgess, El Cajon—Yes, state is too large, and southern parts want to be different from the north and need differ ent laws. J. 1). Cram, Postmaster—Favorable. Because I believe it would be for the best interests of Southern California, as I con sider our industries entirely separate. Ralph Rogers, 321 West Second street, Los Angeles—Yes; because geographically we need to divide, and because we have all the enterprise in the state. Robert W. Smith. Ballard—Unfavor able. Better bear the ills we have than iiy to others that we know not of for a while longer. W. H. Wright, Colton—Yes, our in terests are altogether different from those IjOS ANGELES: SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 24, 1895.—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES of the north; again, we are controlled by San Francisco corrupt politicians, evi denced by the last election'which would not be so were Los Angeles the head quarters. H. A. McCoy, Postmaster—f have put the question to several prominent men here and they agree with me that the time is not yet to advocate state division. Ex tra expense is the principal reason. D. Freeman, Los Angeles—l do not approve of any agitation at present in favor of state division. It could not now be done, and a useless attempt would only embitter section against section. I prefer not to be quoted on the question. A. P. Bent ley, Compton—Decidedly in favor of division as soon as the same can be accomplished. The state is too large and too long (embracing ten to fifteen de grees of latitude), and the state govern ment should become nearer to a govern ment of the people in their own locality. B. 8. NicholH, Pomona—l am not suf ficiently informed to give an opinion on the subject, and therefore cannot decide the question pro or con. R. E. Nickel, editor and proprietor Acton Rooster—l am not in favor of state division at this time. When we will have more population, then it will be more practical. G. Z. Griffiths, Los Angeles—l am opposed to such action for many reasons which I deem good, prominent among them being: First—That the southern state would contain a population not materially ex ceeding one-fourth of that of the present state, and the great cost of organizing and establishing a new state government would put a tax upon this comparatively small number of people that would be an exceedingly heavy burden for many years. Second—As the state is now completely in the grasp of a combination of political tricksters who control and manipulate all of its affairs to suit themselves, it would be decidedly impolitic to strengthen their hands by creating a host of new offices to be filled, and a large amount of new political business to be controlled by them. Third—The state as it now stands has a history and a prestige the peer of any in the Union, and to divide it would be to destroy the autonomy to which these at tributes belong, and they form the nu cleus of a warm and tender affection, sur rounded by rich memories of hope, dis pointment, success ami all other senti ments of human life, that cannot be erad icated from the hearts of old Californians. E. C I>enlo, attorney, Long Hcach—-I am opposed to state division, first, as matter of economy in state government. I believe we are strong enough to demand and obtain all that rightfully belongs to the southern part of the state, and if that be true, I can now see no reasonable grounds for desiring division. I should regret exceedingly to see a step taken that would so inevitably tend to diminish the influence that California is bound to exer cise in national affairs in the near future if left to develop without dismemberment. Many Citizens of LemoO>t l 6 —No. Not until you build a competing railroad into this section. Thai? may change our opinions. E. Bouton, Los Angeles—l think the division of California impossible and the discussion of thequestion unprofitable and detrimental. Some years ago I discussed the matter with Senator John Sherman, who expressed the opinion emphatically that it was simply impossible, BSjying that California with three-quarters of a million of people had four Senators, while New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, with an average of 4,000.000 each, had but two Sen ators apiece, and that the United States Senate would never vote to give California two more Senators. He credited the two Nevada Senators to California. John F. Humphreys, Los Angeles—l am decidedly in favor of state division, and deem this an appropriate time to be- ONE WAY TO SPEND PIN MONEY gin an active discussion of the subject ;in order that the people may be fully pre pared to carry it into effect two years hence; and even this delay would be un necessary if the financial conditions of our country were more encouraging. The rapid growth and prosperity of Southern California the past two years, ami which will be more noticeable in future, will of itself force state division, if from no other reason than that we are too far from th" seat of government and our interests not identical with those of the northern nor i irtr, A. H. Naftager, of Stewart & Naftzger, the brokers, Lob Angeles—l do not think favorably of state division nt this time. The machinery of state government is too expensive for Southern California to un dertake with its present population. I think it could not be done without in creasing the taxation, which is already too high. C. G. Wlllmau, merchant and insur The hei^ld ance agent, Fillmore, ,'entura county- While at some future ti.ne it will no dotibt he brought about, /et I hardly think it is' an issue, neithei could i care to indorse it at this time. E. S. Italic ok. manager Hotel Del Coronado —I 'am favorable for state divis ion. Principal reasons are climatic con ditions and the necessity of handling the water question differently. T. G. Gibbon, of Los Angeles, writes— Tn reply to your communication request ing my opinion on the matter of state di vision, I have to say that in the present aspect of the question I am decidedly against the idea of making two states out of the state oi California. I can imagine the possibility of a change of conditions being wrought by increased wealth and population in the southern portion of the state which will make it expedient and advisable to have a separate state organ ization with its center in Southern Cali fornia. I am very sure, however, that that time has not arriveu, and think a di vision of the state at the present time j would simply result in more officials ami i increased expenditures, without anything approaching a corresponding increase in benefits. Would Pay Him A man walked into a saloon yesterday, and after saluting the barkeeper, said: "Uive me a glass of beer. .Ah, this is good," he said, smacking his lips; "whoso beer is it?" "That is Blank's beer," said the bar keeper, "the best mads; in Detroit." I "Well," added the man "1 know Blank ; myself, and the next time 1 meet him I ! will pay him for it."—The Detroit Tri ! bunc. The Original Annie Laurie In the l.yric Gems of Scotland, issued by John C*ruueron, Argyle street, Glas gow, page 80S, is the following note: "The original song of Annie Laurie, ac i cording to Mr. Robert Chambers, was ! written By a Mr. Douglas of Finland, I upon Annie, on< of the four daughters of Sir Robert Laurie, first baronet of Max- I ' welton, by his second wife, who was a I I daughter of "Rlddell" of Minto. As Sir , Robert was created a baronet in 1885, it is i probable that the verses were composed I about the end oi* the seventeenth or the I beginning of the eighteenth century. Tlie , beautiful ai,r to which the modern is adapted, is said to be the composition of Lady Scott." The original verses are given as follows: MaxweHon braes are bonnie, Wheie early fa's the dew, Where tne and Annie Laurie Made up the promise true. Made up the promise true, And ne'er forgei, will 1; And for bonnie Annie Laurie I will lay me down and die. She's backtt like the peacock, Sue's briestil like die swan, She's jimp about the middle, Her waist ye vveel mieht span; Her waist ye weel mieht span, And she has a willing eye, Aud for bonnie Anuie Laurie I'll lay me down and die The Christian Endeavor Societies in the United States and Canada are requested to send their Christian Kndeavor Day anniversary offerings either for the build ing p( a church house in Tokio, Japan, or for a school for colored people at Frauk linton, N.(J. NICOTINE AND PIN MONEY Out-of-the-way Subjects for a New York Letter SMOKINO DENS OF LUXURY Mrs. Vanderbilt Spends a Cool Hundred Thousand on Trifles nr.. Havemeyer Needs Sixty Thousand a Year for Pin-Honey, and Mrs. Willie Vanderbilt Nearly as Much New York, Feb. 20.—The housewives of the 400 are more careful of their CORXKLTrs T>F.X DP THE WEED dainty belongings than would seem pos sible to those of us who have not $100, --000 a year to spend upon our our home making and housekeeping. The curtains, draperies and furniture for their recep tion moms, parlors and boudoirs cost a very fair sized fortune, and tobacco smoke is., not considered by those in authority conducive to the improvement of such airy, fairy fabric*. .So the smoking room has become as necessary a part of every millioairc's home as is the (lining room. The mistress of the house chooses a room, generally smaller than the other apartments, convenient to dining room and ball room, ills it up in the cosiest fashion imaginable, provides all kinds of smoking supplies, and then woe betide her unhappy lord and master if he and his friends do not take themselves to this room when they wish to enjoy a smoke. Elbridge T. Gerry has the Hlrtest smok ing room in the world in his new place on upper Fifth avenue, and what is dearer to every devote of the Princess Xioctine, he gives his guests the perfection of cigars to smoke, aud there is practically no Ijmit. to to the supply, lie calls them the "Squad ron Cruise, " and they arc made just to his liking and come each wrapped sepa rately in tinfoil. As he takes tbe whole output of a Cuba plantation, these cigars cost him only 40 cents apiece. lint the room his friends smoke them in is a dream. The walls are covered with velvet of a soft gray color, ami the frei/.e is rich with silver and gray mingled in a COUvenional design. The door is of hard wood, beautifully polished ami overlaid with Oriental rug's, almost works of art in their beauty of coloring and design. The lounges and easy chairs are covered with gray velours, and the portiersand curtains are of the same soft color, richly wrought in crimson and silver. Substantial rones of polished mahogany hold the curiously wrought mahogany cigar boxes' witu their closely arrayed devices for providing just the requisite amount of moisture for the slender, dark room beauties. Curious old-fashioned silver trays are -used tor the ash receivers, and there are electrical appliances in every paper which do away with the ned for matches. Put the glory of this beautiul room is the tire and the fireplace. The mantel is colonial in fashion, and is made of ex quisitely carved mahogany; over it is an oval shaped mirror, which reflects the curious shaped pipes and tobacco jars placed along the broad shelf. The plate glass cabinets on either side of this man tle are tilled with pipes which Would de light any smoker's heart. Meerschaums, shining ami dark French briar, almost silver inclosed; comfortable fat china pipes, and pipes of every tie sign. The old fashioned fender aud irons are of polished steel, which almost looks like silver when they catch the gleam of the heavy oak logs, glowing and cracking, and tailing at. last into a bed of fiery coals. Soft, subdued electric lights furnish the room with just the half light which goes best with the glowing lire place, a good story and a tine cigar, Cornelius Vanderbilt did not change his smoking room when he added on aud almost rebuilt his beautiful home. There was no need, for no improvement could lie suggested for that unique and mag nificent room. It has two entrances, one from the dining room, whicli makes it an easy matter to serve the after-dinner coffee and enjoy the after-dnner cigars at tlie same time, and the second entrance from the new grand ballroom. The walls and ceilings are of metal, and it is im possible to describe the wonderful irrides oent effect of the mingled copper and burnished steel. The tone of the room is Russian, and the draperies for tho windows, portieres and couches are of silk ami wool, beauti fully wrought in red aud blue in tne well known Russian cross stitch. There are pipes, tobacco jars and every article known to modern smokers, all brought truni iiussia, and collected and arranged by Mr. Vanderbilt himself. In one cor ner of this quaint room is a samovar, and the host himself frequently make:; the coffee and te;' # which he serves in ex quisite cups oi Old blue, dark red, green or yellow porcelain, set in filagree saucers of gold, and having beautiful aold spoons, enameled in colors to match the cup. There is no open fireplace, but a cur ious stove of metal auu blue porcelain answers the purpose admirably, and suits the room better than a fireplace would. The fire is plainly seen, anil on the whole this quaint little apartment is the" most homelike and attractive spot of all the 120 rooms which the place contains. |tt is very likely that George Vanderblit, the only unmarried son of William K. Vanderbilt's family, borrowed a few ideas for his smoking room from his brother Cornelius, substituting Japan for Russia. Entering this beautiful apartment, one's breath is taken away, and it seems almost that some geni has taken you and landed you bodily in the kingdo n of the chrysanthemum. Your feet sink in the richly colored rugs, which match in their glorious coloring the silk-hung walls and ceiling. A screen of wonderfully carved iyvory stands before the glowing'fire, and it seems like an exquisite piece of lace as the light shines through, so wonderfully delicate and fine is tne work tipon it. There are couches covered with gold embroidered blue and ruse silk and satin, and piled high with the most restful pil lows it has ever been my good fortune to lean against. The bronzes, carvings and paintings, scattered about the room on teak wood cabinets and pedestals have cost thousands, and the curious old ar mor and intricately wrought swords grouped against the walls are worth a for tune in i bern selves. Mr. Vanderbilt is a very clever con noisseur in all art matters, and he spent a year in Japan selecting all of his curios personally. This smoking room could not hold one quarter of all of his Japan ese possession-*, but the best ami choicest have he/?n retained and the others packed away until he changes the tone of his smoking room, develops a new country and bestows the Japanese collection as a whole upon the Museum or Art. t'ntil that time comes the pretty nieces, almost his own age, and the bells and beaux, will gather in this little bit of the Flowery Kingdom, wonder and exclaim over its beauties, drink real Japanese tea out of fragile, far. Little Clips, and watch the clever black-eyed little jugglers whom Mr. Vanderbilt always employs to amuse bis guests when the smokig room is to be used to receive and entertain in. John Jacob Astor has a room in his new house sacred to s:uoke. It opens out of the drawing rooms, which are to be three in number, forming a suit whicli can be thrown in one for entertaining. The smoking room is circular in shape, and the walls are rough finished in a shade of old rose, witli a frieze of dancing fauns ami satyrs. The floor is a mosnie of different tinted stones, and in the center id' the room is a fountain which sends up a continual spray of water. A cush ioned sent extends around the room, and the hangings and draperies are Moorish in fashion design and.coloring. Curious old lamps of jeweled glass in Byzantine fashion are fitted with electric lights and hang by heavy brass chains firm the riehlv decorated ceilin :s. The little smoking tables, f trnished with cigar cases, ash receivers and match boxes, of brass hammered by hand, have no lejrs, but are fastened to the wall in such a way ELBRiDGT O. GEr.RY S SMOKER that they can be swung out for the use and pushed back out ot the way when the smokers have done with their pipes and It would seem that all the originality of j New Yorkers had been expended upon the ' smoking rooms. All 61 the other apart- i meuts arc for the most part alike, vary- j tug only in color atul arrangement; but 1 for these little nooks some object quaint. ' rare and beautiful, has been the motif, and the room has grown around the precious object of objects. For instance, *Mrs. The odore A. Havemeyer has a medieval room in which her guests smoke, while Mrs. .Jordan L. Mott, Jr., has grouped alt of her Napoleonic treasures in a sunny little corner, and, behold! it is a Napoleon smoking room. A Trilby smoking room may be looked for at an early date, for there are at least two already begun, with a fair promise of speedy completion. Some fabulous sums, under tne ficti tious title ot piu money, are spent yearly by the wealthy women of New York. *Pin money to most persons meanß some insigniftcaht sum anywhere from a few dollars up to $500 a year. The average young girl or matron would consider her self richly blessed were she certain of :r3OO pin money per annum, and would will ingly consent to furnish all her wants PAGES 13 TO 24 with it, wardrobe included. To the eco nomically inclined woman $300 a year would seem quite a fabulous amount for clothes and the trifles of every-day life. But pin money to the tune of $60,000 a year—&">ooo a month, or $1200 a week barely supplies the needs of some of the fashionabl" women of New York. There are two wore women in the metropolis who have that much, and a great deal more, to spend upon purely feminine wants, and they spend it so well that oft entimes they have something unpaid at the end of the year. Others pet rid of their money more sat isfactonly. These are tho women who accomplish good in a charitable way, spending liberally upon the floor of the tenements, and "cheering the sick in the hospitals with dainties which only a well-filled parse can procure. Mrs. Theodore Havemeyer, wife of one of the Sugar Trust kings, possibly spends more money than a y other woman in New York, although dot husband is not as wealthy as a large number of other men. In addition to having what is generally credited to be the prettiest house id town, Mrs. Havemeyer maintains it od a most elaborate scale. Aside from these expenses, says an in timate friend of the lady, she disposes of 165,000, and perhaps $ti5,000, a year on purely personal .„ Alters. The fushionable modistes, furriers ami milliners, and all classes of tradespeople who have dealings with the swaggger set, would rather see Mrs. Havemeyer enter their places of business than a dozen ordinary rich women. She hits the reputation of having never been known lo ask the price of any"article in a store. If she fancies it she says "Send it home." Those are golden words to the shopkeeper. It is not only small things that she buys in this way. She purchased a $1500 t'iir opera cloak without knowing or asking the price and footed the bill without a question. None of the tradesmen impose upon Mrs. Have meyer because of thill peculiarity. Iter custom is too valuable to jeopardize it by overcharging. Mrs. Havemeyer is fond of flowers. She buys lavishly, and has spent us much as $000 for a great basket of orchids. She also shows great ingenuity in devising schemes for spending so that, her friends will benetit by it. Last Christmas she hud a Santa Clans party ut which there were 75 guests. There was dancing, ami a Christmas tree hung with 75 gifts, every one being a trinket of gold. Some of these were set with jewels, and this little [ml did not cost Mrs. iiavemeycr much less than $2500. Mrs. I'red Vanderbilt goes less into so ciety than any of the wives of tho Vander bilt men. She enjoys pin money to the tune of $60,000 a year;comparatively litrio of it is spent upon herself or in frivolous things. Mrs. Fred Vanderbilt is a woman who docs a vast amount of good in the cause of charity. Unlike other rich women, she does not conduct her philanthropy through agents. She docs the work her self, and she has the healthy satisfaction of knowing that it is well done. Three atteinoons in the week, when she is in town, and while her friends are flitting from one fashionable function to another, Mrs. Vanderbilt drives about the tenement house districts, with a com panion, visiting the homes of the DOOV aud giving liberally when a really deserv ing case has been encountered. Mrs. Willie K. Vanderbilt, whose troubles with her husband have occupied the attention of the two continents for the past six mouths, is one of the heaviest sepnders among the 1 ashioliable women ot the day. It is believed that Mrs. Willie K. spends fully $100\003 a year on trifles. It. was her terrific extravagance which widened the breach between her and her husband. Mr. Vanderbilt has a fortune of $80,000,600 and an income of $4,000,000 a year, lie spends more than any other millionaire in the country. As au example of Mrs. Vanderbilt's 1 qualities as a spender, the final straw that broke the camel's buck—ot her wise Mr. I Vauderbilt's good nature—the following |is a timely illustration: It occured l when she and her husband were at the J Continental hotel, in Paris, just before j they separated. Mrs. Vanderbilt did not like he apartments or the furnishings, so j she engaged an entire floor of the big I hotel, and then to the surprise of nil Paris . had it completely refurnished at her own I cost. As she was going to remain in Paris only six weeks, this was regarded las one of the greatest pieces of extrava i gahcein thehistoryol the French capital. The furnishings of the floor cost in the j neighborhood of 175.000 francs, and the j weekly hotel bill ol the Vanderbilt party amounted to 15,000 francs. When the troubles of the Willie K. Vnn derbllta were being compromised Mrs. Vanderbilt asked for an allowance of .f'OO,- IHK) a year. Mrs. John Jacob &stOT spends about forty thousand a year in pin money. [ Mrs. Astor has a great fondness for die j mond jewelry; she possibly possesses the greatest number of diamond trinkets of | any woman in New York society. She ■ makes regular tours of all the great jew elry establishments of the city in search lof unique designs in diamonds. She can. spend $2001) in un afternoon's shopping with as tittle compunction a.> the ordin ary woman parts with a ¥2 bill. Mrs. , George Gould baa an allowance of $5,000 a year for ber personal expenses, and she 1 spends every cent of it. Mis. Oould is in. ' terested in many charitable projects, par i ticularly those ii>r tlie benefit ol children. I She is Unusually fond of Sao gowns and opera cloaks. Of tho latter she has an extensive variety, some of them costing as high as KMOO. Mr-. Gould is aba fond of jewelry, but. she docs not buy as gener ously as Mrs. Asttii'. Mrs. Paran Stevens' weakness lies in the direction of eayly colored gowns, and she spends about twenty thousand a year on ber wardrobe and triries. Other heavy spenders of pin money arc Mr-. Elbrrdge Terry, Mrs. E. L>. Morgan, Mrs. Adolph Ladenburg, Mrs, Harry Lv Grand Cannon, Miss Anna Oould and Mrs. Ornie Wilson A novel application of the eleel ric heater has been recently made in Loudon. I bis isa wheat dryer, in the form id a wooden box, containing electrically heated plates which are maintained at about 2 r il dearees Fahrenheit. Air is forced over these plates by a blower, coming out at about 150 degrees Fahrenheit.