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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, March 11, 1895, Image 2

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CREDENTIALS OF ENVOYS
Official Copies of Notes Passed
in the Peace Congress
A GREAT DEAL OF RED TAPE
Vis Majesty the Mikado Talks to the
Emperor of China
.*?o*r the Commission! of the Men Who
Handled the Olive Branch of
Peace Were Worded
idon, March lv.—Official copies of
tiie r» ites passing between the peace en
voys a. f Japan and China, together with
translated copies of the credentials of the
envoys;, have been received in this city.
The con espondence opens with the note
Of ths Japanese Foreign Minister accred
iting the Japanese commissioners, and is
as follow;* I
•"Viscoutit Mutsit Munrmitsn, Juni I,
first class ( f the Imperial Order of the
Sacred Tret istiry, His Imperial Majesty's
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs,
has the hone'" to announce to uhoir excel
lencies, the i'U tiipotentiarics <xf His Maj
esty, the Kmjocror of China, that His
Majesty, the E'.mperor of Japan, has ap
pointed His Eicellency, Count IntoHiro
bouni, Juni I, Grand Cross of tjie Imper
ial Order of PauVlowani. His Imperial Maj
esty's Minister, president of wlie state,
and the underti&ned as his plenipotenti
aries to conicudeivith the duly iinutlior
ised plenipotentiaries of China prelimi
naries of peace an* has confided to them
full powers for that'purpose..
"ViscountMutsu IHenemitsu, EL L M.'s
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs,
Hiroshima, the Slst day of tSie first
month of the $B£b year oi Meiji.'»
The credentials of the Japanese com
missioners arc as follows:
"MutsuhitO, by the grace of .Heaven.
Emperor of Japan, and sitting on the
throne occupied by the same dynasty
from time immemorial.
"To all to whom these proserin shall
come, greeting: With a view to the re
storation of peace between our empire
and that of China, in order to maintain
the peace of the Orient, we, deposing
special trust and confidence in Count Ito
Hirobuni Juni 1, Grand Cross of the Im
ferial Order of Paullowani, our Minister
resident of State, and Viscount Mutsu
Muuemitsu Juni I, first class of the Im-
Serial Order of the Sacred Treasury, our
[mister of State for Foreign Affairs, and
having full knowledge of their wisdom
and ability do hereby name tJiem as our
plenipotentiaries.
"We have given to our plenipotentiaries
full power to meet and treat, either sepa
rately or conjointly, with the plenipoten
tiaries of China, and to conclurie and sflgn
preliminaries of peace.
"We shall examine all stipulations which
our said plenipotentiaries may agree
upon, and finding such stipulations
proper and in good and due form, we
shall ratify them. In witness whereof
we ha»e hereunto set our sienattrre and
caused alio great seal of the Empire to be
Ac — i n
affixed.?
"Done at Hiroshima, the .31st doty of tlie
first month of the twenty-eighth year of
Meiji, corresponding to the two thousand
live hundred and fifty-fifth year from the
coronation of the Eni|<oror .limmu."
Count ito Hirobuni, Minister, presided
in state..
Translation of letter ot credential! from
his majesty, the Emperor of China, to his
majesty, tiie Emperor of Japan:
The Emperor of China sends greeting
to the Emperor of Japan.
Our two em pates being in the same
continent, hitherto there lias beem no
cause for dislike, hut lately on account of
the Corean affair we had to resort to arms
which has. resulted in the loss of ]ifse and
destruction of property. This was an
unavoidable step. Now, through the me
diation of the United States Government,
both nations will appoint, penipcrtenti
aries with full powetrs to meet ami treat
and satisfactorily sottle the matter in dis
pute. For this purpose we appoint Cluing
Yen Hoon, president of Board rank,
member of the Tsnng-Li-Yamen, senior
vice president of the board of revenue, and
Shao Yu Lien, of tlielisrt rank and acting
Governor of Hunan, as our plenipotenti
aries, with full powers to go to your
country, trusting your majesty will re
ceive them so that the said plenipotenti
aries may discharge their duties.
(Seal.)
(As translated by the Japanese Govern
ment. )
We decree, we do not appoint (Chang
Yen Hoon, holding the rank of Presi
dent or Board) Minister of the Tsung-Li-
Yamen, and junior vice-president of the
Board of Revenue, and Sheo Yu Lien,
an officer of the Button in the lirst rank
and {acting governor of Hunan, as our
plenipotentiaries to meet and negotiate
the matter with the plenipotentiaries
appointed by Japan. You will, however,
telegraph to the Tsung-Li-Yamenfor the
purpose of obtaining our commands by
which you will abide. The members of
your mission are placed under our con
trol.
You will carry out your mission in a
faithful and diligent manner and will ful
fill the trust we have reposed in you.
Ilespect this.
E Seal of Imperial commander.
Z His Imperial Majesty's plenipotentiaries
nave the honor to announce that the full
jiowers which they have just communi
cated to i!io plenipotentiaries of His
Majesty, the Emperor of China, embody
all authority which his Majesty, the Em
peror of Japan, has confided to them In
connection with tlie neogtiations and con
clusion of peace.
In order to avoid as far as possible any
further misunderstanding, the Japanese
plenipotentiaries desire reciprocally In
writing whether the full powers which
have been communicated to them by
the Chinese plenipotentiaries, but whicli
tbey have not a> yei examined, embody
all the authority confided to His Majesty
the Emperor of China, to the Chinese
plenipotentiaries in connection with the
negotiations and consular ol peace.
Hiroshima, tin- first day of the second
month of the 28th year of Meiia.
"To the plenipotentiaries of his majesty,
the Emperor of Japan:
"We have tin- honor to state that you
banded to us on tbe 7th day of the first
month of the twenty-first year of ICuang
Su, your commission from your Imperial
Majesty and at the same time a memoran
dum which you ask of us a written reply
respecting onr full powers. We oeg to
state that our commission, banded to you
at the same lime in exchange, embody
full powers given by our imperial Majesty
for the negotiation ami conclusion of
peace, with authority to (■■include articles
to that, end and to sign them. In Order
to insure the prompt execution of the
treaty we may agree Upon, We shall wire
the terms for imperial sanction ami liv
the date for .signature, after which the
same shall be taken to China for exam
ination by His Imperial Chinese majesty,
and being proper and in good and due
form, will be ratified on the eighth day
of the lirst moon of the twcnty-hi-t year
ot Kuang Su. " (Seal).
The following speech was addressed by
Count in. t,, their excellencies, Chang
*i uen Hoon and Mia Yu Lien, at the con
ference oi tiie lid of Pebruaryj tßßss
Ibe measure which my colleague and
myself rind it necessary at this moment
to adopt tlie logical ami inevitable re
sult oi a situation for which we are in no
wise resj onsible.
China lias hitherto held herself almost
entirely aloof from other pavers, and
while she ins ~, some instances enjoyed
•.He inlvant utos accruing to !ur us a mem
ber (tf I:.: ju... ... W 4 nations, she has per-.
haps more (reqquently denied the respon
siilitiesot that relation. She has pursued
a policy of isolation and distrust and
consequently her external relations have
not been characterised by that frankness
essential to good in the neighborhood.
Instances are not wanting in which
Chinese missionaries after formally agree
ing to International compacts have refus
ed to affix their seals and cases might
be cited in which treaties solemnly con
cluded have been unceremoniously and
without apparent reason repudiated.
These unfortunate occurrences find suf
ficient explanation in the fact that China
was not on these occasions seriously In
earnest but beyond that it might be said
with truth that the officials who were de
signated to carry on negotiations had not
been clothed with the power necessary
for thej purpose. It has from the lirst
been the wish of Japan to avoid results
which history teaches are liable to be
the outcome Of negotiations with Chinese
officials who are not clothed with full
power in the sense in which that term is
usually understood. Consequently the
imperial Government made it a condition
precedent to any peace negotiations that
the Chinese plenipotentiaries should be
furnished with full power to conclude
peace, and it was only upon receiving pos
itive assurances form the Chinese Govern
ment that the condition precedent had
been complied with that the Chinese
plenipotentiaries were on their way to
Japan that His Majesty the Emperor of
Japan conferred upon my colleague and
myself full powers i I CCWltl le and sign
preliminaries of peace witli the plenipo
tentiaries of China.
That Your Excellencies' powers !are,
notwithstanding that assurance, fatally
defective, is to mo a sure indication
that the Government of China is not yet
re.illy solicitous for peace.
Criticism is nearly exhausted by a sim
ple comparison of "the two instruments
which were reciprocally exchanged at this
board yesterday, hut it is not out of
place to point out that one fulfils the
definition which is usually fiven to the
term full powers among civilized states,
while the other is destitute of nearly nil
those qualities which are regarded as
essential to such powers; it even fails to
indicate the subject upon which your ex
cellencies are to negotiate: it does not
authorize your excellencies to conclude or
to sign anything; it is silent on the sub
ject of the imperial ratification of your
excellencies' act. in short, it would seem
that the authority whicli has been con
ferred upon your excellencies would be
completely fulfilled by you representing
to your Government what my colleague
and myself might have to say. In this
situation it would be impossible for us to
continue negotiations. It may be asserted
that usage is entirely ignored in this in
stance. I cannot admit the sufficiency of
Such an explanation. I disclaim any
right to interfere with the pure domestic
customs of China, but I deem it not only
my right but my duty to insist that iv
international concerns affecting my own
country the peculiar methods of China
shall not yet be superior the rule of inter
national intercourse.
The restoration of peace is a matter of
the greatest importance. To bring about
a re-establishment of amicable relations,
it is not only necessary that treaties with
that, objett in view should be signed, but
it is imperative that the engagements
should be fulfilled In good faith.
While Japan has found no reason to ap
proach China on tbe subject of peace, she
nevertheless feels bound in deference to
that civilization which site represents to
listen to any bona lide overtures which
China may advance, but she will decline
to take part in the future in any fruitless
negotiations, or become a party to a paper
peace. The terms which Japan agrees to
will be scrupulously observed by her, and
she will at the same the time insist, upon
a like observance of the terms by China.
Whenever, therefore, China finds her
self seriously and sincerely desirous of
peace and will confide actual powers to
Chinese officials, whose names and posi
tions will serve as an assurance that the
terms to which they may agree, will
be confirmed and carried out in good
faith, Japan will be prepared to enter up
on new negotiations.
The Imperial Government repeatedly de
clared, through the United States repre
sentatives at Tokio and Pekin, that the
1 appointment of plenipotentiaries with
foil power to conclude peace was an in
dispensable prerequisite to negotiations on
the subject of peace.
His Imperial Majesty's plenipotenti
aries, however, find that the authorization
which their excellencies, the plenipotenti
aries of His Majesty, the Emperor of
China, communicated'to them on the first
instant, is wholly inadequate for the pur
pose for which it is claimed it was issued.
It lacks nearly all tbe essential attributes
of full powers as usually understood.
The Imperial Government has not re
ceded from the position which it an
nounced to the representatives of the
United States, that tbey bad taken on the
subject of full powers, and the imperial
Japanese plenipotentiaries having been
entrusted by His Majesty, the Emperor
of Japan, with actual proper and com
plete full powers, cannot consent to treat
with plenipotentiaries of His Majesty, the
Emperor of China, who are only author
ized to discuss matters, to report to the
Tsung-Li-Yamen ami to obtain subse
quent commands of the throne by which
they are to be guided. Under these cir
cumstances it only remains for the pleni
potentiaries of His Majesty, the Emperor
of Japan, to declare the present negotia
tions at un end.
Hiroshima, the second day o! the second
month of the twenty-eighth year of
Metji.
Yokohoma, March 10.—On Thursday
last the Japanese captured tbe coast forts
near YingKow, the port for NewChwang.
The forts held out after the capture of
■S ing Kow. On Saturday the lirst division
of the Japanese attacked a force of io.imjo
Chinese under General Sung Thten Wang
Twai. For four hours a tierce battle
waged, but the Chinese were defeated
after losing 3)' M killed or wounded. The
.la] anese loss was only 90 killed or wound
ed. General NodZU, who succeeded Field
Marshal Yaniagata in the command of
the lirst Japanese army, has been pro
moted.
The Manchester Markets
Manchester, March 10, —There was a
considerable increase in the activity last
week, tlie stiffness in the prices of cotton
Inducing holders of discretionary orders
to press in the host possible manner.
Prices generally hardened. Business was
well distributed over Indian, Chinese and
Corean markets and there were moderate
sales at South American and other minor
markets. The home market continued
fair. Yarns were linn with considerable
forward business. Strikes are now con
sidered impossible owing to the want of
unity among the master spinners. The
continental cotton trade is active and
healthy.
Snow in Nebraska
Omaha, Neb., March lv.—Snow com
menced falling at an early hour this morn
ing and continued throughout the greater
part of the day. It was very heavy and
damp, and in addition to what now re
mains on the ground much of it melted.
It will lie especially beneficial to the win
ter wheat. There was no damage to stock,
as the temperature was high.
Ex-President Harrison Recovering
Indianapolis, March 10.—Hx-President
Harrison, after a week of illness that
threatened at one tune to take a danger
on- turn, is rapidly recovering and will
be able to be out in a few days. This
evening Mr. Harrison's physician ex
pressed the belief that his patient would
be up in a lew days. The danger point
lias been passed,
Roasted Alive
Pittsburg, March lll.—John Sweeney of
Allegheny was literally roasted alive at
home early this morning and his wife so
badly burned in her efforts to rescue him
that slie may die. An exploded lamp
Caused the Am
LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING* MARCH 11, 1895.
THE CHURCH AND THE STATE
Interesting Communication of
Mgr. Satolli
A MESSENGER TO FRANCE
How the Republic Should Re-establish
Diplomatic Relations
The Breach Was Widened by the Actions ol
Officials in Guatemala The Church
In Central America
San Francisco, March 10.—Private ad
vices received here give an interesting
and important communication from
Monsignor Satolli to officers of Guatemala,
concerning that country's following the
course of Nicaragua in sending to Rome
an envoy extraordinary and minister plen
ipotentiary. In the course of the docu
ment reference is made as to the propriety
under tho United States Constitution of
official relations between Washington and
Rome and an interpretation given to that
feature of the Constitution relative to the
separation of church and state, the docu-.
ment says:
"lii the first place, to allow me to re
flect that to re-estalish diplomatic rela
tions between the Holy See and your
government a concordat would not be nec
essary but that they could be re-establish
ed and maintained without it. Besides it
is w« II to reflect that the Holy Father
enjoys always, in fact, and by interna
tional right, the prerogatives of "sovereign
ty. In the second place, the separation
between the church and the state (sane
itoned 4 by tlie Constitution) excluded the
action of one power over another in civil
matters in regard to the church, and in
religious matters in respect to the stale,
but does not exclude nor restrict relations
between the one power and the other un
less by separation is meant the inevitable
hostility or open wrong of the civil power
towards the church and its ministry. It
is the point to consider that any nations
(although t bey have in their constitutions
the principle of separation between state
nnd church) maintained nevertheless ami
cable reports and relations with the Holy
See, and 1 can also add that although the
Holy See has no diplomatic representa
tives with the empires of China and Ja
pan, it has certainly found no official
obstacle in their diversity of religion.
And the condition of the Catholic church
in the United States in whose Constitu
tion was constituted the article of the
separation of state from every religious
sect, cannot escape our consideration. I
might, also say a sense of surprise if up
to date no official relations exist between
the Government and the Holy See and
although the majority of the population
is anti-Catholic. In the meantime tho
church is maintaining possibly later tie
velopments and liberty than in other
states.' 1
Mgr. Satolli'B letter was written while
negotiations were pending about four
months ago. It refers at length to difficul
ties in church administration in Guate
mala, and suggests that certain changes
desired by the Government should be
accompanied by an equivalent of serious
advantage to render less burdensome the
condition of the church in Guatemala.
As to the concern of the Pope for the
church in Central America the document
says:
T am happy to state that the Holy
Father with much pleasure learns that
the ancient violent prejudices and opposi
tions to the church are daily disappearing.
Moreover, I must assure you of the live
ly concern of His Holiness to see the con
dition of the Catholic church in your
state, the great importance of which in
Central America is well known, improved.
Therefore the Holy Father regards as of
the greatest importance, religious and
civil, the good existence of friendly rela
tions, and Tie is not averse to making all
such concessions as may be compatible
with the doctrine of the church with the
welfare of the faithful aud the prosperity
of your country. And therefore ills Holi
ness consents to the nomination of an
apostolic administrator to the see of
Guatemala, who, going a stranger to every
faction and without personal preoccupa
tion, should put in order the religious
affairs of the vast archdiocese, and
which has for so many years been without |
its urgent needs. The apostolic admin
istrator should be an European, selected
from among notable prelates or monks,
and of tried piety and prudence, offing
such, be should more readily succeed in
his difficult mission.
Speaking of the desirability of render
ing less burdensome the condition of
church in Guatemala, Mgr. Satolli says:
"Apropos of which, allow me to recall
to your consideration the numerous de
crees issued from the 12th of December,
1871, up to 1894, and other dispositions
up to 1887, decrees and dispositions of
law more or less gravely prejudicial to re
ligious liberty, the church by divine right
and almost, t might say, by the right of
mankind traditional for centuries has
possessed everywhere; decrees and laws
that with mature examination, must be
recognized as exceptional, possibly ac
counted for temporary circumstances; or
that the Government might secure itself
against supposed adversaries which un
fortunately the Catholic Church in Guate
mala in those times was believed to be,
because, otherwise, it would be impossi
ble to understand how such a decree and
laws accord with the separation of the
church from the state honesty and ration
ally considered. And therefore with the
constitution established as to be immu
table itself, the Republic Guatemala,
it will not be difficult to become con
vinced that the laws and decrees referred
to above should be at least modified or in
the matter of these lawß and decrees
there should be some amicable adjust
ment with the Holy See. The Constitu
tion and Government would thus receive
a most desired zeal and guarantee for the
future through the desired agreement
between the Government and the Holy
See; an agreement that harmonizes ex
cellently with the declared separation be
tween the church and state and an accord
t hat would bring peace to souls of tho
population of Guatemala.
No More Races at Madison Park
St. Louis, March 10. —Tiie announce
ment made by the Madison Park Associa
tion that the meeting ended with the last
race yesterday caused considerable sur
prise among the local turfites. Tho asso
ciation proposes to make the tiack a mile
in circumference. When this is accom
plished they will apply for membership in
the Turf Congress and give a legitimate
meeting.
The Trouble in Colombia
Washington, March 10. —The following
cable, dated March 10 at Colon, was re
ceived by Secretary Herbert today:
A slight engagement lias taken place,
resulting in the defeat of the revolution
ary forces. The Atlanta has landed a
force to protect American interests in tlie
neighborhood Of Bocas del Toro, Co
lombia.
Reorganization of the Police
Albany, N. V., March 10. - Speaker
Hamilton Fish tonight affirmed very posi
tively to the Associated Press that there
will be reorganization of the police com
mission for the city of New York. He
said: "The reorganization of the depart
ment will be done by the police commis
sion itself and not by special reorganiza
-; — if
NOW IT IS THE LEGISLATURE
The Valley Railroad Company
Wants a Concession
MUD FLATS ARE WANTED
New Company Looking for Terminal la
South San Francisco
Fifty Acres of Tide Land Wanted, and Then
the Company Say the Work ol
Construction Will Begin
San Francisco, March 10.—A concession
which means much to the San Joaquin
Valley railroad is now in tho hands of the
State Legislature for its approval or re
jection. It is embodied in Assembly hill
701. and under it the Harbor Commission
ers arc granted the power to lease fifty
acres of the mud flats around South San
Krancisco to the new railroad for a term
of fifty years for depots, warehouses and
other purposes which may bo necessary
for the terminus of the railroad. Tho bill
passed its third rending in good shape,
und will come up for final passage tomor
row.
Claus Sprockets and his sonj John D.
Sprockets were in Sacramento last week In
the interests of the proposed measure.
They returned on Saturday, and both feel
very confident that the measure will pas*
with little opposition.
"While I was in Sacramento," con
tinued Mr. Sprcckcls, "I saw the Gov
ernor and he expressed himself as heartily
in favor of the measure. If it passes the
Legislature I am sure that he will sign it.
I do not think that one legislator will
have the hardihood to oppose the meas
ure. If he should, 1 do not see how he
could possibly look one of his poor con
stituents iv the face. There are many
menjjwho are seeking work throughout
the state in Older to keep alive their
starving families, and these are the ones
who will primarily receive the benefit of
the new road at the start.
"As soon as this order passes, giving
the road fifty acres of tide lands, we will
begin work under the advice of our en
gineers, and any suggestions which our
stockholders will make will receive con
sideration. There is no 'bug' in this
road of ours. We ask for no state aid,
nnd all that we ask is a lease for fifty
years of certain tide lands. On this land
we will put up buildings and other im
provements, which, after the fifty years
are up, will revert to the state."
The intention of the present stockhold
ers, according to Mr. Spreckels, is to pool
issues for a number of years, say twenty,
and under this agreement no one could
sell his or her stock and thus give the
Southern Pacific Company a chance to
buy in and control the company's affairs.
"This is not a rich man's road," said
Mr. Spreckels, "because the stockholders
range from $100 to $500,000 as to their
monetary investment in the road. It is
the first time in the history of the coun
try that a poor man was able to buy stock
in a railroad. There is another feature to
the tide land grant proposition. It is not
a selfish request. If such a site is granted
for terminal facilities, any other railroad
coming into the state and incorporating
under our laws may have the benefit of it.
If tho Atlantic and Pacific, Atchison, To
peka and Santa Fe, the Northern Pacific,
Union Pacific or any other road will come
through to our city, they can have the
privilege of this grant by incorporating
under the laws of our state."
A New Yacht Launched
Copenhagen, March lv.—The new Rus
sian imperial yacht Standard, which is
building here, was launched today in the
presence of the King and Queen of Den
mark and other members of the royal (
family.
THE OCTOPUS' POWER GONE
The Only Thing Won This Session Was
the Anti-Scalpers Bill
The Governor Will Probably Veto the Meas
ure and Outside Railroad Ticket Agents
Will Have a Chance
Sacramento, March 10.—Friends of the
Salt Lake bill have made a careful can
vass of the Assembly and believe that the
bill will pass there, and there seems no
doubt but that a motion to reconsider will
be voted down in the Senate tomorrow.
It is said the Southern Pacific Is making
strenuous efforts to defeat the bill, but as
that company has been several times de
feated in the Legislature this session and
only got the scalpers bill through after it
had been amended to mean nothing, it is
not thought it can defeat the Salt Lake
bill.
It is said the Governor will probably
defeat the scalpers bill, and great interest
is taken in the position he will assume on
the measure.
The general opinion is today that the
Legislature will not bo able to adjourn
until Saturday evening.
A Pastor Resigns
New York, March 10.—Itev. Thomas
Dixon offered his resignation as pastor of
the Twenty-third Street Baptist Church
at the morning service today. He gives
as his reason that the work he especially
desire 3to follow is to reach the non
churcb-going people. He says he remains
in fundamental creed a Baptist, but he
purposes to place his work on a union
evangelical platform with vital faith in
Jesus Christ.
Services in Deadfalls
Wellington, Kan., March 10.—A delega
tion of W. 0. f. i . women, accompanied
by a number of young men, visited all
the "joints" iv the city last night and
held religious services in each. They
were treated politely und no unusual dis
turbances occurred.
A Treasurer riissing
Gloucester, N. J., March 10.—City Treas
urer George King has been missing since
last Tuesday and a special meeting of the
Council has been c alled to inquire into
tho reasons f«>» Ms ,: "ance.
When Baby w» - ' Castoria.
When she was I she cried f r Castoria.
When she beca - to Castoria.
When she had > 1.. lem Castoria.
THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYES
Review of the Work Done by the
Dockery Commission
REDUCTION IS RECOMMENDED
What a Late Census of the Public
Departments Shows
Many of the Clerks and Attaches Are Under
Clvh Service Rules-What the
Commission Says
Washington, March 10.—A review of
the work done by the Dockery joint com
mission of Congress, or—ted for the pur
pose of inquiring into and examining the
status of the law organizing the executive
departments, has been printed. The great
er number of the recommendations of tho
commission so far have oeen put into
practical opeiation and have been from
time to time made public. Tho review
shows that the entire cost of the commis
sion aggregated $11,028, while the actual
annual reductions in the Government ex
penditures made as a result of this work,
amount to $607,.i91.
"The reduction,'' the review continues,
"is not for th ■ time being only, but will
OOninue through each of the coming
years. The commission, however, feels
that the expedition of public business and
added security to the Government in its
methods of accounting under tho new
systems inaugurated would have fully jus
tified its existence, even if there had been
no diminution in expenses."
A census of the departments, held here
at the direction of the Commission, dis
closes the fact that in the executive de
partments and other government establish
ments at the national capital there are
employed 17,905; 11,087 and 8687 more than
the number employed in the eight execu
tive departments." the Department of
Labor. Civil Service Commission and
Fish Commission, which are under the
civil service law; 8027 are in the class sub
ject to competitive examination prelim
inary to appointment, and 3266 of that
number entered the service after such ex
amination, and that of the whole number
employed 510 have from one to nine rela
tives each in the Government service at
Washington.
The commission also reported a concur
rent resolution which provided for the
engrossment and re-enrolling of Congres
sional acts by printing, which received
the approval of both Houses, ami the
commission says its value from the stand
point of both accuracy and economy is
illustrated by the fact that not a single
error has occurred under the system up
to date.
Much space is given to a recital 'of the
benefits which, the review asserts, have
been accomplished as a result by the com
mission and subsequently incorporated
in a bill approved by the President July
31. 1804. The estimated annual saving re
sulting from this reform is put down ut
1238,430.
Among the recommendations made by
the commission and not acted on relative
to the reorganization of the office o' super
vising architect, contested land cases, re
peal of the land contest act, transfer of
duties of receivers ot laud offices, nubl c
surveys, abolition of the office of soliciti r
of internal revenue, bonds ot Government
officials, checking of money orders, aboli
tion of naval officers at all" ports and tbe
establishment of a substitute therefor in
New Yoik, and writing and reeordine
official letters. These reforms, tho ci m
mission estimates, would effect an an
nual saving of 1449,929.
THE WEATHER
Comparative Statement of the Rainfall In
Several Places
San Francisco, March 10.-—Southern
California: Fair, nearly stationeary tem
perature; light to fresh generally westerly
winds. Following are seasonal rainfalls
as compared with those of last season on
same date:
Eureka 32.40, last season 44.07; Red
Bluff 24.29, last season 18.42; Sacramento
2Lf>4, last soason 10,06J Fresno 10.79,
season 0.13; Los Angeles 11.49, last season
6.40; Sau Diego 9.93, last season 3.92.
LABOR ON TWO CONTINENTS
The Scheme of an International Labor
Exchange
It Was Instituted In 1893 and Every
Postofflce Co-operates in the Plan.
Outline of the Scheme
Washington. March 10. —United States
Consul at Luxemburg outlines the scheme
of an Internationa) labor exchange which
has proven very beneficial In that grand
duchy in facilitating the employment of
labor. It was instituted in 1802 and every
postoffice co-operates In the transmission
of offers of and applications for employ
ment between wage payors and wage
earners. Offers and applications are
addressed to the nearest postmaster on
special postal cards, and the applications
are registered. The lists are publicly
posted 111 all postofflces, in railway sta
tions, in hotels and public houses. The
postofflce assumes no responsibility in the
matter beyond the transmission and
posting of applications and offers. The
postmaster informs an applicant by postal
card when an offer of employment is re
ceived. A statement attached shows that
during two years there were received
through this system 1904 applications for
employment and 1701 of these secured
places! During the same time 3, r >l4 em
ployers applied for help and engaged 4372.
, Novelty in Swindling
A young gentleman applied the other
day to a clergyman after church for half
a sovereign that he had dropped into the
collection plate by mistake for sixpence,
says the London News. He could not
afford to give half a sovereign, he said,
and should be glad to have bis nine and
sixpence back again. Curiously enough,
when one considers how prone is the
natural man to be generous at other peo
ple's expense, the clergyman declined to
accede to his request. He examined
the contents of the collecting plate and
found only a very few gold pieces, the
donors of which were alt identified. The
device in question, therefore, appears to
be a novelty in the art of swindling and
must be added to the long list of
"plants."
Bishop Williams of Connecticut, the old
est member of the American House of
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, is known in this country and
England as one of the wittiest men of the
century. He is a great raconteur, and his
supply of good stories is inexhaustible.
Ho has a Yankee humor that, combined
with great scholarship, makes his conver
sation peculiarly fascinating.
For Over Fifty Years
Mrs. Whitlow's Soothing Syrup has been used
for children teething. It soothes tho child,
softens the gums, allays all pain, cures wind
colic and is the beat remedy for Diarrheas.
'Iwenty-livo oentsa bottle.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking: Powder
V/orld's Pair Highest Modal and Diploma.
ONE THOUSAND NEW VOTERS
All Restrictions Removed From
the Umatilla Indians
AGENTS' POWER REMOVED
Startling Decision Made by Judge of
a State Court
Troops From Walla Walla Called to th*
Front, as Trouble With the
Redskin* Is Feared
rendleton, Ore, March 10.—Umatilla
county had an addition to its citizenship
of 1000 Indians yesterday, when Judge
Fee rendered his decision. The effect of
this decision, no doubt, if sustained by .
the higher courts, will be to remove all
restrictions from the Umatilla Indians,
except in handling their lands, which
were alloted under condition. The In
dian chiefs who have been under arrest for .
defying the authorities of tho In,linn
court, were immediately released nnd a
council called at Young Chief's camp,
fifteen miles above the agency, of all the
Indians tn consider matters.
Near the agency Captain Richards camp
ed with Troop U, Fourth Cavalry, from
Fort Walla Walla, accoutered for heavy
service. Agent Harper said :
"I called for the troops because Judge
Fee's decision removes all my authority
over the Indians. No power now exists to
prevent the Indians becoming intoxicat
ed and endangering the lives of all on the
reservation. They arc now frae to follow
their natural inclinations and drift back
to savagery."
This radical change in the relations Of
the Indians to the people of this country
renders some citizens timid. There are
expressions of fear that dire results may
follow. The Indian agent, under the new
regime, can merely rent the Indian lands
to whites. The Indian court ia done
away with; the Indian policemen are dis
charged, and the state courts have com
plete and sole jurisdiction.
STOLE THIRTY HORSES
A Posse In Pursuit ol Bandits In Indian
Territory
Little Rock, Ark., March 10.—A special
from Enterprise, L T., says that a posse
In pursuit of two men who had stolen
thirty horses in the Choctaw Nation, fol
lowed the thieves for three days, finally
surrounding them ten miles east of that
place. The thieves refused to surrender
aud kept up a constant Are, having dis
mounted from their horses and taken to
the woods. The posse pressed them close
ly and the fight was kept up for two or
three hours.
One of the pursuers received a bullet In
his arm, shattering it and causing him to
full from his horse. Finally the entire
party massed and charged the two crim
inals, forcing them to take refuge in a
cabin. Here the thieves barricaded them
selves and defiantly proclaimed that they
would not be taken alive. After repeated
efforts to induce them to give up the
house was set atire. Although the roof
was iv flames the thieves still refused to
come out of the cabin and threatened death
to Hiiy of the posse who ventured near.
At last the 10 >t of the nuilding fell in,
burying the desperadoes in the ruins ana
they were roasted to death.
The Ohio Racing Circuit
Canton, <)., March 10. —Hates for a new
trotting circuit, organized in Canton,
have been announced as follows:
llockport, June 18, 19, 20; Canton, June
25, 20, 27; Ytungstown, July 2, 3, 4; New
Philadelphia, and Canal Lover wera re
jected through a conflict of dates and two
cities are wanted in their stead. Akron
and Warren will probably come in,
James B. Kennedy of Youngstown is
president, and -A. M. McCarthy of Can
ton, secretary.
Secretary Oreshant's Conditio*
Washington. March 10.—Secretary
Gresham's condition continues to improv'a
nut it is no| ed that he will be out to
mo row.
STRUCK BY THE FAST MAIL
Fatal Accident Occurs at a Railroad
Crossing in St. Joe
»
An Aged Lady Killed and Two at Use
Daughter! Patally Injured by
the Smash up
St. Joseph, Mo., March 10.—At the
crossing where Mallory and Mcßride were
killed Thursday night Mrs. Thomas Allen
was instantly killed tonight, Gertie Allen,
her 10-year-old daughter, dangerously,
and Miss Martha Deacon, 11 years of age,
fata ly injured. The three ladies were
returning from church, and drove upon
the crossing just as the Missouri Pacific
fast mail from the East thundered up.
Mrs. Allen's body was shockingly muti
lated, and she and her daughter were
carried 300 feet on the engine pilot before
it could be stopped.
SWALLOWTAILS AT A FIRE
A Party of Bath Merrymakers Called Upon to
Quench Flames While In Evening Attire
Despite the fact that Bath beach is now
a part of Brooklyn, its old volunteer fire
department is still the only protection the
residents have against the destruction
of their propery by flames. When the
fire which swept the business section of
Bath beach almost entirely out of exist
ence began on Wednesday morning, about
thirty of the members of the volunteer
department were making merry at a house
where they had been entertained at din
ner earlier in the evening.
They were all attired in dress suits, and
a look of dismay came over their faces
when the ominous clang of the tire bells
broke in upon their merrymaking. They
did not hesitate as to their duty, how
ever, and the early spectators of the fire
were amazed to sec the engines and hose
carts being dragged along the streets by
young men all in evening dress. All
through the early hours of the morning
the young men' worked away without
changing their clothing. Ladders were
manned by men in evening dress, and
others similarly attired manipulated the
hose. It was late in the day before many
of the firemen were able to get home and
change their clothing.
Stories of Fred Douglass
When lecturing before a nogro conven
tion in Louisville, Ky., some years ago,
Frederick Douglass said that the question
of social equality did not disturb him.
"I have never desired,' said he, "to asso
ciate with any man, white or black, un
less my company is acceptable. How»
ever, if a white mac is -well educated,
clever and respectable, I would just as
soon be caught in his company as in the
company of a negro." While speaking
on miscegenation another time his eye
glasses bothered him by sliding from nis
nose. "I wish," he broke out, "we cotil I
get Up some sort of hji alloy for t.ie nejro
whicli would assure him a nose capable
of holding glasses." w

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