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m l Weather today: T»lr. j^^—**'
It Brings Certain Results, i They are Read by the People. | OA fiAA Read The Herald. 4\),\)\J\J They are the ones you talk to | The Herald Is Increasing 1000 a month. VOL. LXIV. NO. 40 THE END OF THE BLACK HOLE Results of the Expose Made by the Herald THE KEY TO THE SITUATION Is Now in the Hands of the Po= lice Commissioners THE CITY COUNCIL HAS ACTED Authorized to Immediately Provide New Quarters A Large Delegation of Earnest Women Present Prompt Action In the Chamber Based Upon Feelings of Indignation W hat Will the Commissioners Do? The council yesterday came to the assistance of the peoplo of tho city, and the matter of decent jail accommodations for female violators of tho ordinances bids fair to be solved, thanks to The Her- MISS G. T. STICKNEY of the Salvation Army Making H;r Appsal to the Council to Remedy the Disgraceful Fema'e Wa d in the City Jail aid. at an early day. The key to the sit uation now reposes in fie keeping of the board of police commissioners, which body has full power to forever wipe out the present blot in this particular on the lair fame of the city. A large delegation of women interested in the matter were on hand when Presi dent Teed called tho council to order yes terday morning. The publications of Tiie Herald had aroused an interest which compelled action, and that at once. The ladies present wero invited during a lull in the regular proceedings of the council to detail the horrible grievance to which, technically at l*wrt, membeis of their sex havo been subjected by the var ous municipal administrations of the past seven or eight years. Miss G. T. Stickney of the Salva tion Army was the first speaker, and her powerful portrayal of thi present condition of the female ward iv the central station created a feeling of horror to all who listened to the story. Mrs. M. S. Dimmick followed, and then Councilman Munson,unabio to any longer restrain himself, moved that the police Commissioners be authorized to immedi ately provide for new quarters for the female prisoners domiciled at the city jail. Councilman I'essell seconded the motion, and then Councilman Snyder and Kingery each made an address ap proving of action being at once taken. "I'nlo.ss thero is objection," re■ marked President Teed, "Mr. Munson's motion will bo declared to have been unanimously adopted.'' Then the ladies tiled out and the coun cil resumed its regular weekly labors. The ladies yesterday present were Mrs. M. ]•:. Teals, Mrs. M. 8, IMmmick, Mrs. M. Wolfskill, Miss H. K. M. Pattee, Miss 0. T. Stickney, Mrs. M. J. Sax ton and Mrs. Mary M. Bowon. The ladies, on their way out of the city ball, expressed great gratitude to Tho Herald and unbounded admiration for its work in bringing about the result above, remarking that but for the labors of the Herald, tho present fearful condi tion of things might have lasted indefi nitely* A SINGULAR SUIT Action Against the Aged Catholic Archbishop in St. Louis ST. LOU IS, May 20.—Prominent Catbo -I'C clergy and laymen figuree in a suit filed Saturday in the district court against the venerable Archibishop l'efer Richard Kenrick hy priests of his dioceso and lay men to divest him of nil title and control in the valuable church property of the archdiocese of St. Loulf, held by him in fee. The petition avers that the de fendant is XII years of age and so weak in mind as to be unable to perform tho duties of his oflice. On this account the property held by him, consisting of lands, churches, convents, cemeteries and asylums, is liable to be lost or impaired. The prayer for the appointment of an other trustee is only a request, hut the THE HERALD LOS ANGELES, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 21, T 895.—TWELVE PAGES law transfers the diocesan property to Coadjutor Archbishop Kain. Several months ago a newspaper controversy arose over the reported loss of Archbishop Kenrick's will. Archbishop Kain gave out at the time that the teßtament was in the hands of Archbishop Hennessy of Dubuque, lowa. Since then, however, another and later will has been found. The plaintiffs, who, by the way, act as beneficiaries of the trust,say this last will is confused and almost impossible of in terpretation; that the devisements would come to naught in case Archbishop Ken rick died and this instrument was tiled for probato. . Another cause for fear growing out of the improperly drawn will is the possi ble action of heirs of Archbishop Ken drick. This danger is anticipated from Ireland, where tne aged premte is sup posed to have relatives Were he to die and not lcate a valid will these heirs would havo a prima facie cause for action lor the possession of millions, which he holds in fee simple. The anxiety of Archbishop Kain and his advisers to avert publicity and a lawsuit brought Archbishop Ryan of Philadelphia to this city a few weeks ago. Archbishop llyan went home unsuccessful, and the lawyers set to work. Yesterday's suit was the last resort of Archbishop Kain to get full control of the diocese which Home intends him to rule. THE STANFORD ESTATE Trial of the Government's Case Will Come Up Farlv in June SAX FRANCISCO, May 2.—Tho gov ernment's $15,000,000 suit against tho es tate of tho late l.eland Stanford will bo tried in the United States circuit court early in June, though it was at one timo sot for argument on demurrer late in that month. An agreement to this effect has be<;n reached between Russell Wilson, who represents Mrs. Stanford, and L. I). Missick, special counsel for the govern ment. The agreement was made because of Mrs. Stanford's anxiety to have tho case out of the way, foi it stands over COUNCILMAN ,11 ".SON Makes the notion That the Police Commission at Once Provide Suitable Quarters for Female Prisoners, and So Remedies the Great Evil of the Black Hole of Los Angeles her as a perpetual menace and hampers the fulfillment of the purposes specified in her will. Ban of Taxation NEW YORK, May 20.—A special to the World from Han Jose, Costa Kica, says: Several business houses have failed, some Having liabilities in the United States. Increased local taxation is causing tho trouble. THE LITTLE WAR IN CUBA Insurgents Will Hold a Con vention at Yara GENERAL GOMEZ'S FINE WORK A Very Newsy Letter From the Rebel Leader riartlnez Campos Has Been Compelled to Accept the Only Plan of Campaign Left to Him Associated Tress SpeclallWiro NEW YORK, May 2U.-Advices nt Cu ban revolutionary headquarters in New York state that Gomez has instrucccd all insurgent bands of n hundred men and upwards to send a delegate to the general assembly which will meet at Yara in June to put into execution the declara tion of independence and form a dclinite provisional government. Tho Cuban chiefs have great hopes that the I'nited States government will recognize them as belligerents at tho next session at Wash ington. A special to the Herald from lloguin, Cuba, says: General Gomez o! the Cuban armies, who passed near this place es corted by a cavalry force of nearly 121)0 men on his way to Puerto Prlnoipe, lias sent a letter to tho Herald, of Which the following is a translation: jj "Magnanimity will mark this war as well as untiring energy Among the vet erans of tbo previous struggles flocking to my standard to guide tho rank and tile of tho younger generation of patriots of liberty to sure victory, there is noticeable a spirit of determination and an energy far superior to anything displayed dur ing our last war and entirely free from certain objectionable features which then tended to localize our movements and prevent rapidity of operations. The out look for the success ol the present ievolu tion before two years Is so blight that there can now be no doubts that the re public of Cuba will be one ol the new states soon to occupy its place among the free governments of the new world. "Martinez Campus has been by force ! of circumstances compelled to accept tne only plan of campaign left to him. to en able Spain temporarily to maintuin pos session of the larger towns and principal coast ports, and these will soon slip from her sickly grasp, Campos will require a double army—one of occupation and one for operation. Kor the first be must have, as any military expert who knows the strength and possessing a knowledge of geography of the island may see at a glance, at least 80,000 men in order to oc cupy and defend the cities, towns and j strategic outposts already threatened by the revolution; fjr his army of operation \ as many more troops will be required to I enable him to face our forces in the Held, "To maintain tho war until Spring, from physics 1 and financial exhaustion* Spain will be compelled,as ahe was in Santo Domingo, to give up the tight. Preo Cuba will not need such a large military ' force, for, with our superior knowledge of the island we can with ono and the j same army, of much less strength numer- ' ically, assisted as we are by the advant ages and by all the natural resources of . tne island, compel the Spanish army of I occupation to keep strictly with the army of operation, harrassing the enemy upon 1 every hand by our alternate movements ! of sin.den dissemination and ijllick con centration." HAVANA. MayJSO.—Tbs Spanish ru thorities. in view of tho visit recently paid by the correspondents of American newspapers to the camps of the insur gents, have issued orders prohibiting them from making such excursions in future, under penalty of severo punish ment. Railroad communication with San J.uis has been restored but the inhabit ants of that town and of Cristo have be oamo su alarmed at the progress of the 'nsurgonti that they are flocking into Santiago de Cubi. : The hand of insurgents commanded by Felix Ruens recently attacked the village of Subal i. near Baracoa. and pillaged the stores. Macoo is understood to nave planned to make a diversion in the vicin ity of Santiago de Cuba, in order to draw the attention of tho authorities of that neighborhood and allow the rebel bands to pass Caniaguaey nnd Xl Cid. LEVEES ARE SAFE N > Danger Feared From Floods on the San J >nouin River STOCKTON". May 20.—Report! from the overflowed districts on the west side of the San Joaquin river, twenty miles from Stockton, are that the water is falling, the cool weather having had that effect. Parties from tho islands say the levees are in no danger now, as the water is not within six feet their tops. The Union island levees are said to be safe and can Bland live or six feet of water. The strong wind of Sunday made some wash, but tne bulkheads in exposed places are intact. The lands overflowed are covered every year by the rush of snow wter. BROKE DOWN AT SEA The Coast Defense Ship Monterey Said to Have Become Disabled) lilKliOr May 20.--Advices' Irom Panama, received hero today, are to the effect that the United -States coast de fense dhip Monterey, which cleared from this port ostensibly fur Callao, Torn, has put back to Mare island fo« repairs |to her steering gear, which has developed seriou.s Imperfections on her voyage down tho coast. That tins defect must be cf considerable importance is believed from the fact that the officers of tho ship have found it necessary to return after out several weeks. FLAYED AND BURNED ALIVE Terrible Punishment Meted Out to Three Negroes Little Doubt That the Assailants of niss Armstrong In Florida Met Sum mary Punishment MADIBON, PI« M May 20. There is no j longer any doubt that Sam Ucholis, Sim ' Crawley ano John Brooks, the negroes ! who outraged and murdered Miss Mamie Armstrong in Lafayette county, were I flayed and burned. A man who has just reached tin's place from Lafayette county fays the belief is general that the negroes were tortured to death. One man, who ventured into the camp where the negroes wore carried i asserts that he found the place where the ' negroes were put to death. Ho says that j it was evident that the negroes were tied to trees and the skin stripped from them with knives. Then wood was heaped about the bleed lug forms, the match applied, and tho , I wretches were soon dead. This man says | Iho found some strips of skin about the 1 placo, which 1 cars out tho belief that j they were flayed and burned. Everything is ijuict in Lafayette coun ty, and there is no fear of trouble be tween the races. The better class of ne i grons denounce the outrage and murder of Miss Armstrong as bitterly as the j whites. Twelve negroes havo now been j ' lynched in six months,and it would seem j [ that tho horrible fate of the last three j should prevent further attacks upon white : i women. The whices have formed a band, I and are determined t) protect theJl wives j ' and d iughters. THE WILDE CASE It Is Probable the Cause Celcbrc Will Go Over Till Next Term LONDON, May 20.—The Old Bailey court was crowded lodny when Justice Wills, accompanied by the lord mayor ot Londi n, Hight Hon. Sir Joseph Etonals and r-ev*eral aldermen, took their seats Upon the bench preparatory to tho second trial of Oscar Wilde, charged with serious misdemeanors. Wilde had previously been driven to Old Bailey by Lord Doug lass of Hawick, and Key. Stewart Head lam, his two oondsmen. He looked hag gard but had apparently improved in health si nee his release on bail, and walked smilingly into the prisoner's dock, where ho took his stand beside Al fred '1 aylor,charged with similar offenses. Sir Edward Clarke, counsel for Wilde, made an elaborate argument In favor of having Wilde tried separately. The judge agreed and decided to try Taylor tirst. [ Sir Edward Clarke then dwelt at length on the great injustice done his client by I having to wait while Alfred Taylor was | tried. But in spite ot the argument of i his counsel Wilde looked only too pleased j as he stepped from the dock for his bail to be renewed, and ho was again released from custody. It probable the Wilde case will go over until next session of the | central criminal court and there is cvi- I dently but a slight chance nf his convic tion. Indignant comment is hoard on ail sides at the turn events havo taken. THE WOMAN'S CONGRESS Second Annual fleeting ot the Association in San I rancisco SAN FRANCISCO, May 20,—The sec ond annual meeting of the woman's con gress was opened today. Mayor Sutro de livered an address of welcome, to which replies were made by Miss Susan li. An thony and Key. Anna Shaw. Rev. Eliza Tupper Wilkes of Oakland read a paper on Hereditary Influences and Dr. Mary Wood Allen of Ann Arbor Mich , spoke on Moral Education of the Young, other papers read were: Early Home Environ ment, by Miss Milliceut Shinn of San Francisco; The Kindergarten Gospel, by Miss Anna M. Bto vail, principal of the Golden Gats training school, and The Place of the Parent in Modern Education, by Miss Tessa Kelso. WELL KNOWN IN LOS ANGELES A Counterfeiter Sentenced to Four Years' Imprisonment SAN FRANCISCO, May 20,—William J. Farron, ailaa "Oean," was sentenced to four years in Folsom for counterfeiting by United States Judge Hawley today. Farron was once pustmaster at Needles and was well known In l*os Angeles. The indictment against his wife was dis missed. . AND WE DON'T PAY THE TAX Men With Big Incomes Need Not Tell About It GREAT QUESTION SETTLED An Elaborate Opinion Rendered by Justice Fuller The Law Passed by the Last Congress Knocked Into a Cocked Hat and Income Tax Is Dead Associated Press Special Wire. WASHINGTON, May 20. -The income tax law, which has receive 1 so large a share of the pubic attention since the be ginning of the regular session of the Fif ty-third congress, is a thing of the past. After being twico heard in the United States supreme court, it was finally de cided today by the court to be invalid and unconstitutional. Thero were four dissenting opinions delivered in these cases today, one each by Justices Harlan, Brown, Jackson and White, showing that the court had stood tivo to four against the law. Inasmuch as one of these dis senting opinions was handed down by Justico Jackson, and as ho was absent at the iirst hearing, when the court divided evenly on the question of sustaining the law on all points except those as to the tax on incomes from rents and bonds, it tollows that ono of the members of the court who at lirst. pronounced for the law, except on those two points, changed his attitude alter the second argument. There is very little question that Jus tice Shiras is the justice who changed his views on theso points. He made no announcements, either today or when the first opinion was delivered, as to his opinion. While the opinion of the chief justice was largely a review of tho gen eral aspects of the quostion involved, lie based the opinion of the court today on the argument that the provisions of the law regarding the tax on rents and bonds weie so essentially a factor of it as to render all other parts of it dependent on them, and in accordance with the well known rule of law bearing on this ques tion, the law as a whole must be declared invalid, The opinion of Justices Harlan and White were couched in language so vig orous and were so emphatic in their ar raignment of the majority as to cause very general comment. Both justices in dicated their belief that the ruling opin ion was voluntary and intimated that | serious consequences might ensue. Jus j tire Harlan suggested the necessity for j amending the constitution In the view of i the opinion. The court room was packed during the I entire three houis, when the opinions ( were being deliveied. The unexpected event of today was in the appearance of Justice Jackson. Ho had announced after casting his vote last Saturday week that ho would' return on tho following Monday to Tennessee, but it appears that instead ho went to Philadelphia to j consult a specialist on internal diseases, jHe left the bench immediately after de j livering his opinion today, and it is un j clerstood will.tiow proceed south. He de- I livered his opinion from notes. It should probably be stated that whilo the cases in these opinions were delivered i are uniformly characterized as the in | come tax cases, they are known on the court dockets as the cases of Charles Pol lock vs. the Farmers' Loan and Trust ; company and Louis H, Hyde vs, the Con ■ tinental Trust company of New York, | both appealed from the circuit court of ; the United States for the southern dis- I trict of Xew York. Justice Puller's Decision WASHINGTON, May 20.—Immediately on convening of the supreme court Chief Justice Fuller today read the income tax opinion. The fact tiiat he read it was generally accepted as conclusive that the law would he knocked out in toto, which proved to be the case. The conclusions of the court were: First - We adhere to the opinion already announced, that taxes on real estate be ing indisputably direct taxes, taxes on rents or incomes from real estate are equally direct taxes. Second—Wo are of opinion that taxes on personal property or on income from personal property arc likewise direct taxes. Third—The tax imposed by sections 27 to .')7, inclusive, of the act of 1894, so far as it falls on tho income of real estate and on personal property, being a direct lax within the meaning of the constitu tion and therefore unconstitutional and void, because not apportioned according to representation, all these sections, con stituting tho entire scheme of taxation, arc necessarily invalid. Tho decrees here inbefore entered in this court will bo va cated. Tho decrees below will bo reversed and the cases remanded, with ijtatructions to grant tlie relief prayed for. Sections 27 to 117 of the tariff act of 1894, referred to in the conclusions of the court in its opinion, are sections of the act relating to the income tax, and the entire income tax law is hereby declared void speci tically. At the outset of his opinion Chief Jus tice Fuller said: "Whenever this court is required to pass upon the validity of an act of congress, as tested by fundamental law enacted by the people, the duty im posed demands in its dischargo the m niost deliberation and cure, and invokes the exercise of great governmental power and brings into consideration as vitally affected by the decision that complex sys tem of government so sagaciously framed to secure and perpetuate the indestructi ble union composed of indestructible states. Wo have therefore an anxious de sire to omit nothing which might in any degree tend to elucidate the questions submitted, and aided by further able ar guments embodying tho fruits of elabor ate research, carefully re-examined these cases with tho result that, while our for mer OonolUSionß remain unchanged, their scope must be enlarged by acceptance of their logical consequences. Our previous decision was confined to the considcra-, Weethsr today; % tirx EA7 Is the amount ' ,| VyDVJ made from an expenditure of 25 cents in The Want Ads the other day T When You See It In The Herald It U So! 1 PRICE FIVE CENTS tion of the validity of the tax on income from real estate and on income from mu nicipal bonds. The question thus limited was whether such taxation was direct or not, in the meaning of the constitution, and the court went no further as to the tax on income from real estate than to hold it fell within the same class as the source whence the income was de rived ; that is, that the tax upon realty and tax upon receipts therefrom were alike direct. . While as to the income from municipal bonds, that could not be taxed, because of wont of power to tax the source, and no reference was made to the nature of taxes being direct or indi rect. "We are now permitted to broaden the field of inquiry and determine to which of the great classes tho tax upon a per son's entire income, whether derived from rents or produens or otherwise, of real estate, or from bonds, stocks or other forms of personal property, belongs, and we are unable to conclude that enforced subtraction from the yield of all owners' real or personal property in the mannei prescribed, is so different from a tax upon property itself, that it is not a di rect, but an indirect tax in the meaning of the constitution. The words of the constitution are to be tt.Ken in their obvi ous sense, and have a. reasonable con struction. Wo know mo reason for hold ing otherwise than that excise words 'di rect taxes' on ono hand und 'duties, im posts and excises' un the other were used in the constitution in their natural and obvious senses. Xor in arriving at what those terms embrace do we perceive any ground for enlarging them beyond or narrowing them wVtbin the natural and obvious import at. the time the con stitution was framed and ratified. "And passing from the text, wo regard the conclusion reached!, as inevitable when the circumstances which surroundod the convention and controlled its action und the views of those who framed and adopted tho constitution are considered." The chief justice discussed the reasons for constitutional provisions regarding direct taxation. Tfce states had plenary power of taxation, ho said, but gave up great sources of Revenue derived from commerce and retained tho power of levying taxes and duties covering any- I thing other than efxeiscs, but in respect to them the rang« 3of taxation was nar rowed by the powijr granted the federal government over interstate commerce. While they granted power apportioning direct taxation, then,- securod to the states opportunity to pay tho amount appor tioned, and recoup from its own citizens in the most feasible way. The opinion continued: "It is said that on the whole the income of property is not a direct tax, but a duty. Wo do not think so. Direct taxation was not re stricted in a breath, and the restriction blown to the winds in another." Tho opinion dismissed the Hylton case with this comment: "What was decided in the Hylton case was that a tas on car riages was excttse, and therefore an indi rect tax," The opinion next took up the argument that tax upon property is not a direct tax within the meaning oi the ! constitution, and said: "We find it im | possible to hold that the fundamental re quisition, deemed so important, has been Jorced by two provisions, ono affirmative and one negative; can be defined away by forced distinctions between that wnich gives value to property itself. Stress of argument is thrown, however, on the as sertion that the income tax is not prop erly a tax at all: that it is an assessment THE NEWS Events of the World, the Nation, Southern California and Los Angeles WeATHER REPORT-Cnited States depart ment of agriculture weather bureau's report, received at Los Angeles May 20, 1890, Places ; Bar. | lem.'Max.Tm. Wnd Wther Los Angeles 29.011' (14 ! TO Jw 'clea~ San Diego.. 129.08 MO t>4 |W Cloudy S. I.. Obispo 30.04 50 | K4 \V Clear Fresno J0.92 74 70 \V clear San Fran'eo 30.04 54 . 58 W iClear Sacramento 29.08 US S8 8W Clear Bed Bluff... 89.94 Ti 72 8 Clear Eureka 30.18! 54 •5ti ,W Clear RoseburR .. 30.04 54 58 ! SW Cloudy Portland ... 30.041 54 58 W Iclotldy Forecast—May 30.—For Southern California: Fair; nearly stationary temperature; fresa westerly winds. BY TELEGRAPH«The supreme court of the United. States decided the income tax un constitutional All the athletic clubs in tho country are Again bidding tor the Cor bett-Fitzsimmons tight: tbe latest offer is Irom Dallas. Tex., and $40,000 is offered. ... .The withdrawal of Admiral Meade from tho navy has been accepted, not only by the secretary of the navy, but also by President Cleveland.,. .MeKinlcy'schancca for a presidential nomination are dwin dling as the Heed boom grows The Vat lev Railway company has ordered two sur veying parties into (ho field; bids for loco motives for the line have been received.... The Cuban insurgents wilt hold a conven tion in Vara in June; each band of 100 rebels will havo a delegate Secretary of the Treasury Carlisle opened the sound money campaign at Covington, Ky.; there was an immense audience. ABOUT THE CITY—The accounts of tho re ceivers of the Bear Valley Irrigation com pany approved .. New suits filed....Court notes T he hoard of education makes a new departure Mayor Rader tears the new saloon ordinance into shreds The Black Hole of Los Angeles to be destroyed. bast night with tho Christian Kndoav orers .... Happenings around the police court Progress of tho Fourth of Jul/ Celebration committee The Elks tut% out to greet actor Jack Perry-Charley Ah Him, the leader of the Hop Sing lone, said to be in the city The brother-in-law said to be in tbc city. COMMERCIAL MATTERS - A sudden~~and strong demand for California lemons; the supply cleaned up Tho exchange offi cers on outsiders' methods of handling fruit ...Telegraphic and local market re ports. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Santa Monica—lncrease of population.... Many visitors. Pom onA—Hunting mountain lions. Rkplands—lndividual cups at communion. JKitt'SAi.KM — Cutworm eat beans New jelly lish. Downkv— Personal mention. Santa Ana —Sudden death of P. S. Pride. .. Function's chamber of commerce. PasaQKNA- Important meeting of the city council New electric road. WHERE YOU HAY QO TODAY Orpheum Theater, 8 p.m.~Hades Opto I>ate. Burbank Theater, 8 pm*—The Life viuarC