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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, September 07, 1895, Image 1

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THE HERALD la In Evidence Everywhere /
THE HERALD does builneaa every day
Inthoweek. Cast your eye on the want
•da In any taaue.
Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow
II you did not see it in The Herald It did not happen
VOL. XLIV. NO. 149
The First Round of the Supreme Struggle Begins
Today="The Yachts Very Evenly Matched
All America and England Are
Awaiting the Result
On the Other Hand the Defender's Following Are Shouting for a Hard Blow and
Heavy Windward \Vork---Six Hundred Thousand Has Been Spent to
Win a Ninety Dollar Cup and Heaps of Glory.
Former Winners of the Cup
In former years there has been little
doubt about the outcome of the race; it
was almost a foregone conclusion that
the Englishmen would be beaten. But
this year it is decidedly different. Not
until the last race sailed of tho series
will the backers of the great Defender feel
at ease. Superstitious men are inclined
to give up tho ghost already; they say
that this is England's year and point
to the defeat of American athletes, oars
men and horses, and why not yachts too,
they ask.
As far as possible the merits of tho two
boats have been pretty well discussed
and sizsd up tho past week. When all
the opinions of yachting experts have
been sifted down the result is about
this: "Let the wind blow merry blazes;
let there he plant/ of windward work in
a thrashing sea, and Detender will walk
in." Now for the other side: "Give us
typical American ssilin-j weather, mod
erate breezes, and an easy sea with plenty
of reaching an I free running, and Val
kyrie 111 will take the cup back with
September weather outside of Sady
Hook is the biggest kind of a gamble.
It may blow merry blazes and till Defend
er's followers with joy, and again it may
bo as still as a country mill pond on a
hot suni.uer's night.
Defender's followers say: "Wait till we
get out in a big sea way and that terrific
sail spread of tho Englishman and her
gigantio spars will make a plaything of
her as far as we are concerned." Val
kyrie's supporters answer: "Just wait
until we dance away in the light breezes
here. In other years we came over with
a heavy weather boat. This year we
havo got a light weather boat. Yes—she
is heavily rigged—too heavy for English
waters, but she can stand it here without
So there it stands. Truly It is an open
question and never heforo was the Amer
ica's cup ;n such danger as now.
Close to $100,000 has been spent on
building Defender, running her up, refit
ting her and getting her in ship shape
style. Fully as much has been spent on
the Englishman, if not more. Six hun
dred thousand dollars eaten up to win a
jun, the silver of which n worth $33.
11l this connuction the men who are do
ing the spending are almost of as much
|intere"t as the yachts themselves. The
r syndicate owning Defender is composed
Viof William K. Vanderbilt. C. Oliver Ise
t|in and E. D. Morgan, all rich men and
mrdent yachtsmen.
I Mr. Vsnderbilt is too well known to
teed any introduction. Oliver lielin is
lie leading American yachtsman to-
C»r, occupying the same position as
(Mineral'Paine did in the palmy days of
tKjj old Volunteer and Mayflower. Mr.
ITilin is a rich man, but not as rich as
eliber Mr. Vanderbilt or Mr. Morgan.
«. Iselin, who is almost as great a
y(biting enthusiast and will sail on De
lelfSer on all tbe races, is a very rich
E. 1). Murgan owns mora yachts than
any other man in the country. He was
commander of the Now York Yacht club
last year and is one of the best amateur
racmg sailors in the land.
The English syndicate numbers four
men -Luid Duuiuveu, Lord Lonadala,
Captain Harry L>. B. McCnlmont and
Lord Wolverton. Each one of these is an
extraordinary sportsman. Lonsdale has
hunted game in the Rockies, has tried
his hand at punching cows, has shot
everything in the hunting way between
here and as neat to the north polo os he
could get. and owns tho finest shooting
estato in England.
Lord Wolverton,not content with hunt
ing game in civilized countries, made an
expedition in ISO 2to Somali Land.spend
ing live mouths there and returning with
wonderful trophies of the trip. Not
much has been heard about Lord Wolver
ton here yet, but he is the most sanguine
man in the syndicate th.tt Valkyrie will
do the trios' this time. Should she fail,
his friends say that he will surely build
a boat in '98 and make another try on it.
Harry Mcl'alniont is one of the wealth.
i*st men in England,and his steam yacht
Oiralda is one of the largest and fastest
private vessels over placed in commis
sion. He lias tried his hanci at every
kind of spore with more than orainary
Lord Dunraven is almost too well
known to need any other mention. As n
sportsman he is tho fairest and grittiest
man that any country has ever had to
deal with. He is not over burdened with
wealth, yet this is the third boat that
he has sent here to win the cup. The
first Valkvrio was never given a chance
because of a disagreement over the deed
of gift regarding the cup races. The sec
ond Valkyrie was disposed of by the
Vigilant two years ago. Now the third
Valkyrie is knocking at th edoor.
Looking at the broauside pictures of
Valkyrie and Defender, It is difficult to
gain a correct idea of the boats. Particu
larly is this the case wben it is remem
bered that the space on the keels manted
"lead weighs eighty tons or therea
bouts on each boat. Une of the wonders
of the Valkyrie is her steel boom close to
110 feet in length, the largest spar ever
carried by a single sticker. The work of
tin's boom will lie carefully watched, as
its introduction here is a decided
Captains Cranseld and Sycamore of|the
Valkyrie, and Captains Haff and Terry
of Defender, are equally confident. On
these men morel depends than the novice
has any idea. One little miscalculation
may prove fatal ana throw a ruce that
might havo b?en won.
The Kin ie and the Lion havo an even
chance. Which will he winner is a ques
tion only of a short time.
Forty-four years ago the yacht America
humbled the pride of the British sport
ing navy and won the cup whose defensa
bas resulted in n long and brilliant series
of victories for American yacbts. The
year 1851 was notable for the great inter
national assemblage of yacbts at Cowes,
England. The world bad been challenged
to cope with the flyers of England. The
Now York Yacht club had been founded
but seven years and the sport was yet
young in the United States but the few
that were yachtsmen were sportsmen,
the greatest of whom was Coniniodcre
J. C. Stevens who founded the club.
It was he who proposed to fiy the Stars
and Stripes in the very midst of the Brit
lsbjtlyers. He was already the owner of
tbe Gimcrack and the Maria, two famous
boats of the time but he wanted a mar-
vel. He selected George Steers the Her
reslioff of his day and with four of his
friends. E. A. Stevens, Hamilton Wilkos,
J. Ecckinan Finley and George L. Sohay
ler raised the money to build tho Amer
ica. Steers' life had been deovted to
ship building and no better selection
could have been made.
The America refused to take part
in the races on the time allow
ance plan, and the Englishmen, rather
than let her return home unbeaten, ar
ranged for a grand international race
around the Isle of Wight without time
allowance. The Royal yacht squadron
offered a cup for the winner, this, the
now long famous cup.
On the clay of the race It in
safe to toy almost every sportsman in
England was at Cowcs. Shortly after 0
o'clock the yachts were at their stations
off the Isle of Wight, ready for the big
race. The America lay considerably
eastern—a strange looking craft, with a
long, low black bull, extreme breadth of
beam and with thick, stiff looking rakish
masts. Around her lay fourteen yachts,
of whioh six warn of schooner build and
eight cutters. At 10 o'clock the starting
gun was fired from the club house, and
the flyers were off. Every eye was on the
Yankee. The America was iearfully slow
in getting under way, but the vast crowd
was doomed to disappointment. Her
sails took the wind, there was a shudder,
then on she went faster and taster and
faster.like a locomotive, gaining speed at
every foot. On she flew like a newly
liberated bird. In a quarter of an hour
she had left them all bohind save only
tne Beatrice, the Constance and the Fairy
Qu.ien, which went along bravely with
the light breeze. But she soon showed
her stern post to them. When she cross
ed the finish line there was no competitor
in s igbt.
Twenty miutes later the Aurora came
over the line and was awarded second
The America is still ofloat. She was
subsequently purchased by an English
man, and during the war was a Confed
erate blockade runner. To escape a north
ern gunboat she was sunk In an obscure
southern river, was later raised and he
came a government training s.iip at An
napolis, at last again being made into a
pleasure boat. The old liver is now at the
Chelsea Yacht club docks. She was once
ownea by General Benjamin Butler.
The America's cup was later presented
to the New York Yacht, club by the own
ers, Messrs. J. C. Stevens, Edwin A.
Stevens, Hamilton Wilkes, Beckman
Finly and George L. Schuyler, as a per
petual challenge cup. In the winter of
1882 the cup was returned by the New
York Yacht club to the only em viving
original owner. Mr. George L. Schuyler,
who again presented the cup to the club
under certain conditions. The cup is
probably not of over $500 actual value,
yet it is safe to say that $1,000,000 have
been spent defending anj challenging
for it. Eighteen times the cup has been
challenged for since it was won by the
America. Here is tho story, in brief, of
tho greatest scries of yachting victories
the world has known or probably ever
will know:
Year. Yacht. Course. H. M. S.
America (Round Isle of) m-j^nn
1851 Aurora 5 Wight, froniS ™57 00
and 11 others ( (.'owes. >
- a -T Magic (NYCC. course) 358 21
■"""Cambria ) 39 miles j 437 38
ia7 . Columbia IN, Y. C. C.) 6 1041
"" Livonia j course j 640 45
(20 in. to wind-]
Columbia j ward, off San-I 307 41
1B "- Livonia. ] dy Hook, and ( 318 15
I return )
|20 m. to lee-]
IR -■ Sappho I ward, off San- ;&30 02
10/1 Llyonla. ] dy Hook, and ( 509 23
C return J
.-..Sappho IN. Y. C. C.I 416 17
18 * Livonia i course j 5 1155
...... Madeleine .... IN. Y. C C.) 52354 1
10,0 Cntsh Dufferln j course ) 534 53!
1 20 m. to wind-]
1878 Madeleine I ward, oft San- < 7 19 40
101 CntssDufferln'! dy Hook,and; 746 00
(, return J
("18 in. to lee-]
ia o. Mischief J ward, off San- I 454 32
looi Atalanta ] dy Hook, and {' 533 47
(. return J
, aK . Puritan IN. Y. C. C.I 606 0">
l 0 0" Genesta ) course j 522 24
f2O m. to lee-]
la qr, Puritan , ward, off Ban-I 503 14
* B » B Genesta. ]dy Hook, and (504 61
(. return j
i«rr Mayflower.... iN. Y. C. C. I 52611
1DO " Galatea ) course j 538 43
f2O m. to lee-]
. u UB Mayflower ; ward, off San- [ 649 10
1880 Galatea j dy Hook, and ( 718 09
t. return j
laa7 Volunteer.... IN. Y. C. C.l 45318
lot " Thistle f course j 612 41
f 20 to. off Scot-]
ioqt Volunteer.... I land Ueht- I 542 56
IBS, Thistle ] shipandre-f 554 45
I. turn J
„a,Vlii!iiit (Off Sandy ) 405 47
189J Valkyrle j Hook j 4XI 35
■ ana Vigilant (30 miles off) 325 01
IHW3 valkyrie j Sandy Hook (335 30
aau Vigilant j 15 m. to wind-) 3 2139
IBD3 valkyiie i ward 4 return j 325 19
After the Volunteer-Thistle races the
"deed of gift" of the America's cup was
again changed, tho important alterations
being to limit challengers to sloops or
cutters of not less than sixty-five or more
than ninety feet and schooners to not less
than eighty feet nor more tnan 115 feet
on the load water line. Other changes
were made which have since been
But Says He Will Be the Democratic
The Mass of the Party Do Not Fear the Pres.
Ident-It Was Different With (irant,
Jackson and Washington
NEW YORK, Sept. 6.-Chauncey M.
Dopew was interviewed in London by the
World correspondent upon President
"Cleveland," ho said, "is as certain to
be the Democratic nominee as the nation
al convention is to meet. Whitnej* could
not be alecte, 1 . He knows it and be is too
shrewd a man to sacrifice himself."
"What about the third toim idea?"
"That baa no real influence witn the
mass of the Democratic party. They
don't regard him as a Caesai nor fear
Cacsarism if he is elected. It was differ
ent with Grant and Jackson, and even
with Washington. Tney were strong in
dividual characters. Cleveland has per
suaded his party at least that he is only
the mouthpiece of the best desires of the
people, with no personal purposes or even
personal ambition.
"Either ho has extraordinary luck in
accidentally doing the right thing, or he
is really a great statesman. I confess I
am not sure in which aspect I regard
The flan In Custody Said to Be a Real
TOPEKA, Sept. t!.—A letter received
today by L. W. I'ack, editor of the Kan
sas lndepenent, which is published here,
states positively that the man in custody
and representing himself to lie George
W. Fraker, tho insurance swindler, is not
Fraker, but Schnell, a hermit who has
lived for years in Minnesota and Michi
gan. Pack says the lotter was written
by a well known citizen of Duluth, whose
name bo declines to give at this time.
Scbnell's companion in the woods near
Tower, it is alleged, was; not arrested
necause his evidenco would prove conclu
sively that the prisoner is not Fraker.
J. P. Davis, president of the Kansas
Mutual Life Insurance company, said
last nignt that there was not a shadow of
a doubt as to the identity of the man ar
rested at Tower. Ho said it was George
W. Fraker and it would be a short time
before all interested would admit it.
The insurance companies, he says, would
make no attempt to secure the money
until all were satisfied. He is firmly of
the opinion that Fraker will be sent to
the penitontiary, although several lead
ing lawyers whom ho had consulted had
expressed the opinion that there was no
law undor which he could be convicted.
Plea of Insanity
RICHMOND, Mo., Sept. 6.—Dr. Fraker,
the insurance swindler, was to have
been arraigned this morning, but the in
surance companies were not ready to go
on with the case and it was postponed
until early next week. This action will,
it is said, simply force the prosecution to
show its hand and then let tho case go
to the grand jury. It is likely that
heavy bail will be agreed on and be
promptly furnished by the doctor's
friends, it is said here that the defense
will attempt to show that Fraker was
insane when he went away and that bis
mind is not entirely right now. Fraker
seems to have the confidence of the peo
ple and the general opinion prevailing is
that, be .vill not be sent to prison or even
They Laugh at the Story
TOWEK, Minn., Sept. 6.—The story
sent out from Topeka today to the effect
that the man recently arrested as Dr. G.
W. Fraker, the insurance swindler, is
not the real Fraker, is being laughed at
by officials here. The further claim that
tne arrest was a scheme on the part if
the insurance companies to save them
selves by producing a man calling him]
self Fraker is also ridiculed.
Canadian Seizures Outrage
ST. JOHN'S, N. F., Sept. 6. —It is an.
derstood tho government has made strong
representations to Canada about the
seizure of fishermen on the • >ast of Lab
rador. Ait the information obtainable
cro shows the whole proceedings here
lo be a high-banded outrage. The press
declares the rights of British subjects
have been interfered with. The acts of
Howard, the Canadian collector who
mane Hie seizures, are denounced as lit
tle better than piracy. The government
urges Canada to remcie him. The fisher
men will lose thousands of dollars by
having their vessels seized. One letter
I irom Labrador says that Howard drew a
revolver on the Newfoundland collector
at Bonne Esperanee and threatened to
shoot him. The tame letter says How
ard is crazy.
The opposition press charges that five
Whitcwav members of the assembly are
active members of the smuggling syndi
cate whose operations were exposed a few
days ago. The promised prosecution of
the case has been abandoned, the public
thinks because of the exposures which
would be made.
Watterson Out of Politics
NOBLEBVILLE. lnd., Sept. 6,—The
Hon. Henry Watterson, in an interview
here tonight, stated that he bad decided
to retire entirely from politics. Under no
circumstances, he said, would be make
any further public speeches and he further
statod that it was his intention to go to
Europe next year to avoid participating
in the national campaign.
Is What Today's Yacht
Race Will Be
Designer of the Valkyrie Says
He Will Lose
It His Never Been Touched,
Doo'cher Naw
Though Many a Britisher Has Been Walloped
In the Attempt
Yankee Ingenuity and Seamanship Have
Had but One Scare and That
Proved Unnecessary — Tha
Records Since '51
Associated Press Special Wire.
NEW YOKE, Sept. fi.—The tale of the
America's cup has bio.i told many times,
but it never loses interest. It was during
the year 1851 that the schooner yacht
America went to Eurpe and won the cup.
which has ever since born* the name of
that vessel. The Idea of building the boat
was conceived by Commodore John C.
Stevens, of the New York Yacht club.and
a syndicate was formed to build the boat,
and in it with tho commodore were
Messrs. Hamilton Wilkes, George L.
Schuyler.James Hamilton and J. B. Fin
ley. While the vessel was in the course
of construction—that was in March 1351
—the Royal Yacht squadron,whose mem
bers had heard what was being done,sent
a communication to Commodore Stevens,
offering the hospitalities to the New
Yorkers, and indicated tnat the Yankees
could find all tho rasing they wanted if
they had the nerve to bring their boat
across the water. The nerve was not lack
ing and tho yacht, which had been named
America, left New York in the early part
of July, 18,51, for Cowes, England, com
manded by Dick Brown, a famous Sanay
Hook pilot. When the America first ap
peared before the Raze of tho Englisnmen
she created a great surprise. Nothing like
her had ever been seen before, and it
quickly Dccame known that tbe new ar
rival was a racer. This was tho year of
Crystal Palcce world's fair and an inter
national regatta was arranged as a part of
tbe exhibition.
The regatta took place on August 22nd,
and the prize was tha Royal Squadron
cup worth 100 guineas. The course was
from Cowes around the Isle of Wight
without time allowance for tonnage. The
America had fourteen competitors, sev
eral of them being of greater tonnage than
herself. They were the Luke of Marl
borough's schooner Wyrern, 250 tons;
Marquis of Conyingham's schooner Con
stance, 218 tons; Mr. J. Willis'cutter
Alarm, 128 tons, and Mr. W. H. Eckers'
three-masted sloop Brilliant. 192 tons.
The America measured 123 tons.
Tbe regatta created the liveliest enthus
iasm. Queen Victoria and the prince con
sort shared in the excitement and went
to Cowes to witness the event. When the
America beat the whole fleet of English
racers tho competitors were completely
crestfallen and utterly surprised.
Another Victory
The America afterward sailed in a
match with the 100-ton schooner Titania
in a strong breeze and beat her by more
than an hour. Commodore Stevens could
not induce anybody else to meet him,
ana he finally sold the yacht to Lord
Blonquier for $5000, under whose man
Th» Weather la Cooler
yyO WONDER the People Talk
About THE HERALD'S want ads They are
growing, growing. Compare tbem. Not only
on Bunday! On Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
The people like THE HERALD (or the newt
agement sho afterward raced the 84-ton
cutter Arrowjtwlce, losing one race and
winning one.
The yacht was finally converted into •
blockade runner. While in tbia business
she was scuttled. After tha war tha gov
ern rnent raised her and made a school
ship of her for the cadets at Annapolis.
When the Cambria challenged for tha
cup in IH7O the navy department fitted
the yacht out for competition, bat aha
finished no better than fourth. The old
boat finally passed inta the hands of
Gob. B. F. Butler of Massachusetts and
i» still owned by the late general's son.
In 1857 Messrs. Stevens, Schuyler and
Wilkes, who alone survived of the svn,di»
cnte that built the America presented tha
cup won in 1851 to tne New York Yacht
club, in whose hands it bas since re
mained as a trophy for which any
country may challeng.
It was not until 1870. however, that a
challenge was received. Then it came
from Mi. James ishbury of the Royal
Thames Yacht club, the owner of the
schooner Cambria. The race came off in
New York harbor August Bth. A grand
fleet enteied for the race and great en.
thususm prevailed. The Magic was firat
away on the journey and she led over tlfc
entiro cousre. Mr. Aahbury was un
daunted by his defeat.however, and chal
lenged the next year with a new boat.the
Livonia. Ashbury finally consented to
a match of seven races. On the first day
the Columbia was chosen to sail and the
liritisher was "never in it." On the
second day the Columbia was again
picked but on the third the Livonia won
by 1") minutes and 10 seconds. Two more
races were carried out, the Sappho being;
the American representative, being the
winner of both. The lifth race made a
victory of four or a majority of seven for
the New York boats.
Canada Couldn't Either (Ml
A lapse of four years took place before
the cun was next raced for. In 1876. cen*
tennial year, Major Charles Oifford, vice
comniodore of the Royal Canadian Yacbt
club, hea led a syndicate which built the
schooner Counles3 of Dnfferin at Belle
villa, Ont., and sent her,after having ob
tained a promise from the New York
Yacht club that they would offer but
one defender 111 America, the best two
out of three races. Commodore Yooraia*
schooner, Madeline, wa; made defender.
Only two races were necessary. The
Muoeiine won both with ease.
The Canadians made another attempt
to cantnre the cup in 1831. when the Ba»
of Quinte Yacht club of Belleville chat,
lenged with a centerboard sloop called
the Atlanta, which was also built aud
sailed by Captain Outbbert.
The Mischief, ownsd by J. P. Bnsh,
was selected to meet ncr, and on Novem
ber 4th she defeated the Atlanta by 28
minutes 19 seconds. It was in 1888 that
Sir Richard Sutton's cuttsr Genesta. de
signed by J. Beaver Webb, gave oni
vachtmen a scare, but that very fast
vessel met one a little faster and the cup
was still safe. It was in 1885 that aha
came over and met tne Puritan, a Boston
boat. Meantime the ironclad Priscilla
was constructed on plans laid out by A.
Cady Smith, the popular New York de
signer, and the new boat went in tbe
trial races with the Gracie and the
Bedouin, the latter being an out and out
cutter from designs from John Harvey,
an out and out Englishman. The Puri
tan and Priscilla were tbe largest sloops
tnat had ever been built in America.
There were three trial races and tha
bouts had them all to themselves. Tha
BY TELEGRAPH.—Durrant murder es
tablished: defense surmised—Santa
Monica; street paving—San Bernar*
dino fiesta — I'omona news—Santa
Ana items—State fair events—Bike in
Hymen's court—Today's yacht face;
hottest oattle in the list; History of
tbe America's cup—Sacramento in
gala attire—Governor Budd takes a
trip—Pasadena news; affidavits in
the Vejar marriage matter— Alfaro oc
cupies Quito—"Charley, my hue
band" ; a belligerent pair restored—
Medico-legal congress; power oi
hypnotism discussed—Payment of the
Mora claim—Fraxer'a identity denied
—Bloodthirsty Spaniards follow the
example of the Chinese at Port Town
send—Mexican intelligence—Dockare
of the Indiana—Canadian surveys out
Labrador—Depew intrviewed.
ABOUT THE CITY—From the court ot
last rosort; four supreme court decis
ions—City Attorney Dunn in a pri
vate sanitarium—Permit issued yes
terday for building the Home for the
Aged and Infirm ; Mrs. Hollenbeck's
(jilt—The zanja system paid for itself
—The newly assigned tsaohers; tha
permanent station of each—All of the
bids for cremating dead animals to be
thrown out—Some of the birds of prey
that hang around the circus—Tna
criminal business disposed of by
Judge Smith—About the oil field;
notes gathored from among the der
ricks—The lecal Tins sophical society
enthused over the arrival of Abbott
B. Clark—Meeting of the board ot
managers for tho Young Women's
Christian Association—Lord Shollo
Douglas is here for good; he is the
younger son of tho Marquis of Queens
berry—Kabhi Blum's assignment as
French teacher in tjc high school
temporarily bnng up—The board of
education meeting last night a lively
one—Joint meeting of tbe three 61
---gonizstions lastjjnigbt to discuss tna
Fiesta of 189b—The Key. M. G. Sole,
mon, the new rabbi, arrives in tha
ORPHEUM-Matinee and at 8 p. m X
Bl'1! BANK—Mati' c.> and at 8 p, m. Jam*.

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