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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, September 08, 1895, Image 13

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1895-09-08/ed-1/seq-13/

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Defender and
Valkyrie 111. Compared
Former Competitors
t Since tbo first international yacht race
In tbe '40s, when the America won the
honors in British waters, Englishmen
have laughed at American (enterhoard
yachts,and have until this year resolutely
adhered to their style of cutters as typi
fied by the Genesta. This type was so
deep, narrow and long that it has been
called aptly a "board on edge." The
shallow, broad American yachts obtain
ing sail capacity from a deep centerboard
were just the reverse of the cutlers and
have been called "skimming dishes."
The centerboard yachts had ths ad
vantage in light weather and upon inland
lakes are necessary. But in the ocean,
where depth of water was nut requisite,
they lost in seaworthiness what their
deep-keeled rivals gained. The Vigilant.
Volunteer, Puritan and Mayflower are all
centerboard yachts. Of these tbe Puritan
is perhaps the staunchest, as sbe is now
used as a fishing boat off the Newfound
land bauks, where at times great stress of
Weather is endured. The Genesta, Thistle
and Vaikyrie were all cutters, and they
have proved their seaworthiness in many
a gale.
But in the Vigiiant-Vaietyrie race in
1083, tbe Englishmen learned a lesson.
While true seamanship might demand
tbat a 90-foot yacht should be built and
rigged in tbe cotter style, long, deep and
narrow, such a yacht could never redeem
tbe cup won by tbe America. Accord
ingly, in building Yalyrie 111., English
ideas of the past were thrown to the
winds and American plans were adopt
ed. Valkyrie 111. is broader and shal
lower than any of tbe other English
yachts, resembling the American sloop
Puritan more than any other vessel.
The slope under water is very sheer and
on the bottom of the vesssl proper are
many hundred pounds of lead, which
niignt proporly be called ,a stationary
centerboard. At the bottom of the false
keel tbe lend bulges out in almost a cir
cle, the greater resistance to water being
more than compensated lor hy the addi
tional sail the heavy weight will allow.
A comparison of the lines of Valkyrie
111. and Defender shows how much more
of the surface of the vessel proper is be
low the water line in Defender than in
Valkyrie 111. Defender's bow comes out
full and even compared to the English
yacht, and her redder is much nearer ttie
overhanging stem. Moreover, the Eng
lish boat has six inches less draught than
Defender, and nt the same time has a
deeper and heavier lead keel, or An
shaped keel, as It is technically calied.
Just why tiiey should arrive at such a
conclusion it is hard to say. but the Eng
lish designers argued from her build tnat
she could carry an immense amount of
sail and her working canvas spreads 11,
--60'J square feet, while that of the De
fender amounts to but 10.403.
It cm readily be seen from the forego
ing to what a pitch the English designers
have come. This year they will sail a
yacht almost like the l'uritan, which de
feated them years ago. They have, per
Everybody Wanted to Share "A Good Thing."
hapr|avoidcd ( the application of thijterm
"skimming dish" to this vessel, dvi only
by a narrow margin.
On the other hand, the American
yachtsmen have gone far from their
former models, and Defender more close
ly resembles Valkyrie than any other
vssel. as can be seen by a glsnce at the
designs. Its lines aie not so lull, and it
does not present, quite so much scrface tj
the water, but there is a great departure
from the lines of tbe Mayflower aud Vol.
unteer. In view of the varying designs
for yachts which have sailed for the
cup, a bricl history of the races may le
of interest.
Tbe Hrst race was soiled in English
waters, and was of intense interest on
both sides of tbe sea. Toe war of 1812
had not been forgotten.and Anglophobia,
instead of Anglo..lania. reigned in ths
United States. What happened during
tne race, whicb the America won, is best
told in a speech made by Commodore
Stevens In New York aflcr the victory.
"In coming from Havre," asid be,"we
were obliged by darkness and thick
weather to anchor five miles from Caens.
Early in tha morning there was a dead
calm, but at Oo'clock a breeze sprang up.
and with it came gliding out tbe Lave
rock, the newest and fastest cutter of her
class. The news had spread like light
ning that the Yankee clipper had arrived,
and the Laverock had gone down to snow
her the way up. The yachts and vessels
in the harbor and the verandas and win
dows bordering on it were tilled with
spectators waiting with eager eyes for
the test of speed they were sure would
come. We were loaded with extra sails
and enough provisions for on East India
voyage, but just the same we hoisted our
canvas and waited until the Laverock
was about 20! i yards ahead. Then we
started In her wake.
"1 have seen and been engaged in many
exciting trials at sru and on shore, but
never before had I felt such intense
anxiety to win a race. During tbe first
few moments not a sound was heard cx-
oept the slight ripple of water on her
stern. The captain was crouched down
on the floor of tho cockpit, his immova
ble hand upon the tiller and his eyes
fixed sternly upon the vessel darting
along just in front. Tne mon lay motion
less, gazing eagerly and intently at the
Laverock. We knew tnat there was no
prize depending on this race, but the
outcome would end all our doubts or
hopes, and decide whether or not we had
taken our long trip only to meet defeat.
Slowly but surely we drew un to her,
and then worked to windward of her
wake. We were beating them; the crisis
was over, and some dozen long-drawn
breaths proved our realization oi the fact.
"In tho race for the queen's cup, which
we brought back witii us, about fifteen
yachls started. In addition to them there
were perhaps a dozen sailing about, the
harbor, making a brave and thrilling
spectacle. Our directions from the Bail
ing cjinmrttee were simple and direct.
We were to start from tbe flagship at
Cowes, keep the No Man's buoy on the
starboard hand, and from thence make
the best of our way round the Isle of
Wight to'the flagship from which we
started. We got off before the wind in
the midst of a crowd, of wh,ch we could
not rid ourselves for the first eight or
ten miles. A fresh breeze sprang up,
we went rapidly ahead of every yacht in
the squudron. At tile Needles tiot one of
them was in sight. After passing the
Needles wo were overtaken by the royal
steam yacht, Victoria and Albert, with
ber majesty and family on board. As
tbe steamer passed us we tendered our
homage to the queen, 'after the fashion
ol her own people, by doffing our hats
and dipping our flags. Just before dark
we rounded the stake. The Aurora was
second, but she was so far behind that
we could not ccc her."
It took some time, of course, for the
news of this great victory to reach Amer-
History of
The World's Greatest
Yachting Contest
for the Prize
but it was received with great rejoicing.
In England the yachtsmen did not re
cover from tho blow for many years, and
it was not until 1870 that they tried to
recover the cup which had been brought
to New York by Commodore Stevens. The
English cutter Cambria was beaten
off New York harbor by the American
sloop Magic. The next year the cup de
fender Sappho defeated the Livonia.
Englishmen did not recover from their
defeat until 1885, though the Canadians
made unsuccessful attempts to gain the
cup in 1886 and 1881. In 1885, however,
the famous Genesta, the pride ot Scot
land, a cutter of great beauty and
strength, was woefully defeated by the
Puritan. Next year tlie Mayflower scored
a victory over the Genesta, and inter
national yacht racing was aoandoned till
1887, when the Thistle yielded the
palm to the Volunteer. The last ,ace
was in 189.1, when the Vigilant van
quished the Valkyrie. This race was un
satisfactory, as in one of the contests
the Vaikyrie lost considerable time by
bursting one of her sails.
Sunshine and Fresh Air Cure House Nerves
"House nerves" is an American name
for a species of nervousness and low
spirits which is common with Deople,
more especially women, who liven aeden*
. , i . 1■ ~ 1 U i - • J . I
bnij lIIUUUI mc, ItllU uiumj ,» KICK, UCUI.
Such women are prone to self-analysis,
and become very anxious about their
affairs, not to say suspicious. Tbey mi
agine thai| evil is likely to befall their
husbands orennfren whilst these are
from home; they conjure ud imaginary
dangers, and become so timid as to fear
the imaginary weather outside and the
usual incidents of travel. The romedy
or tbis condition of health is, according
to an American authority, not doctora
nor drags, but simply exercise in the
open air. and bright, pleasant company.
Those who arc suffering from such nielan
cholia"should?take long walks in the sun
shine wit.i a friend or two. they should
banish each gloomy and anxious thought
as it arises by force of will, or supplant it
hy thinking of their nearest duties. They
should avoid being left alone, and should
seek a variety of innocent and cheerful
amusements. Imaginative children are
inclined to a similar morbidity of
mind, and ought to be sent to play with
me.ry companions. — From Cusseli's
Family Magazine.
Advertising Schemes
A Broadi ay slue dealer has hit upon
what seems v new advertising scheme.
Every day ho places a line pair of shoes,
narrow fives or sixes, in his show win
dow and offers to sell them at a price
ranging from 1 to 25 cents to any man
whom they will tit perfectly. It is a
proot that many New Yorkers have small
feet that the shoes rarely remain unsold
for more than a day. Though seemingly
new, this is but a variation of an old and
successful scheme of a well-known Brook
lyn firm of hatters of exhibiting a very
large sized hat and offering to give it free
to any man whose heaa it will fit.—From
the New York Sun.
The Belt Catch Is Unstable '
If the women reformers want to turn
their attention to something directly and
definitely practical let tbem take tip the
subject of belts. The subject is of general
as well as of vital interest. Every shirt
waisted woman wears a bolt, and rara in
deed nowadays is tne woman whp does
not wear v shirt waist. Most ef tha it It
worn are of stout ribbon, with buckle
and slide of silver. Their variety of style
is only equalled by tueir variety in price,
lie they cestly or cheap, however, they
all have the same defect. The catch on
tbe end opposite the bucklo and Into
which it fastens is thin, frail and breaks
easily, Tbis is invarably tbo case, no
matter bow strong tne rest of the belt
and buckle's manufacture may be. "All ■
belt catches," aald'a silversmith, "should
he made stronger. Instead of thin, flat j
metal, they sheulJ be round. As it is.
they are cut out of a thin sheet of silver,
just as ginger calces are cut out of dough,
As all the strain comes ou the catch, it
of course bends and snaps at the lirst op
portunity. We repair hundreds weekly.
Tho only way to do so satislactorily is to j
increase their strength and thickness by
welding another piece of metal. All sil
ver-mounted belts, no matter how expen
sive, are made with these fragile catches,
which give way with but little wearing,
Nextiyeor tbe manufacturers will certain
ly see the lolly of their ways and will
turn out belts witii substantial catches." '
—New York Evening Hun.
Where the Interest Lies
I am an old woman and must bave my
say, and I tell you that when you all
come into the fullest intelligence you will
iind tbat the three really interesting things
of life that human beings are born, marry
and die that we grow up in famiies, have
friends, lovers, husbands, children; tbat
tbe reai fillip of existence, the stimiuat
ing charm, the ever renewed cordial
comes from these simple elementary
facts; that they occasion tbe talk, tne
wit, the fun, tne absurdities, the follies,
the heartacnes which make life worth
living.—Atlantic Monthly.
Will Bring the noon to Paris
A- voyage to the moon is tbe latest pro
ject which is seriously put forward as ths
crowning point or cloud to the exhibition
of llfOO, says a Paris paper. M. Mausois,
the author, does not, however, propose
to carry his passonegrs to the lunar
regions in aerial projectile cars in the
style of Jules Verne, but he proposes to
!>iifig down the moid, tv the reach oi ihe
people whose vis on extends, say. six
miles from the eartb. Tbe clan is to
cons:inet a telescope nearly .00 feet in
length, and its objective glass will have a
diameter of something over four feet
three inches, ths largest in the world.
This colossal tube would be placed hori
zontally and the image of the moon
would be reflected by what is termed a
mirror plane six feet six inches in diam
eter and fifteen inches In thickness. Its
weight would be about 8000 pounds. A
special feature of the idea is that the
image of tho moon should be thrown
upon a screen placed in a hall large
enough to hold 000 apectatora. Astrono
mers calculate that with an apparatus of
theje dimensions it would be possible to
discern very easily objects ol tbe size of
Notre Dame catheural towers, and also to
distinguish tbe evolutions of a lunar
regiment. At all events should the open
ing ot the twentieth century be signalized
by volcanic eruptions In the mountains
of the moon, the visitors to tbe exhibi
tion would have a grand spectacle, 'there
5 s but one drawback—tbe possibility of a
recurrence live years hence of tbo abom
inable weather which has this summer
reduced the astronomical observers to the
depths of despair.
Plaids Grow More Fashionable
3 Tlaids are now fashonable and will be
all the fall. They are made now on cot
tons and silks and every variety of gauze.
Some very elegant plaid silk blouses are
being devised by fashionable modistes
to wear with tailor made costumes. The
coats and jackets of these suits are cut so
as to show as much as possible of the
plaid blouse. Brilliant marlras is much
used for i theso waists, not the Madras
gauze, but tho gorgeous squares of yel
low, red and blue, striped and plaided
in every conceivable design. One can
hardly appreciate how well they look
made up into bodices without seeing.
The prettiest are made witii plain red
yokes and the fancy palieru is ganged
into the waist. The balloon sleeves are
made of fancy plaid. They look exceed
ingly well with a black or dark blue skirt
and coat, and equally well witb a pique
jacket and SKirt of white or cream.—New
York Sun.
The Hand That Wrote the Books
I recently asked several literary celeb
rities to send me a photograph or oiaw
ing of one of their hands—the one with
which tneirmost famous books were writ
ten. Mrs. Atherton, Thomas Bailey Aid
rich. Horatio Aliter, i'rof. Uoy«en, Hon
kinson Smith, Palmer Cox an I others
sent me the drawings asked for, and
with courteous notes, too. Kichard Hard
ing Davis, however, said he could not
convince hin s If lhat the public would
take any interest in his hand or its out
j *Sk_ Mrs. Harrison's
\J" f" REMOVES Freckles.
1 Moth Patches, Sunburn,
JljCSfffr* Saliowness, Black-heads,
4y£3m V m/\ Pimples and every dis
fljfpßL,- -ry LjVal coloration or blemish of
*1' LvVnf'&? Iv. K'P Ir the skiu, rendering the
ekin as pure and clear and white as it was In baby
dnvs. Guaranteed perfectly harmless. It never
Sails lo cure. Ladies who value a nice, clear,
uatural complexion should not fail to use it.
Price, Jl.oo per bottle. All Druggists
40 &42 GEARY ST. BAN FRAN 0000
The following druggists carry a full line of
my preparations:
11. M. 8AL1! & SON. 220 8. Spring St., L. A.
C. F. HK'.NZEMAN, 222 N. Main st,, L. A.
88, vile de M|pA'Wg. ™pv
and Exclusive Dress Goods,
Fall and BRmcH SRN Garments,
Novelties etc
gafOUR MOTTO: Reliable floods ,-il Popul.-ir Prices.
Fall and Winter Silks 555? Dress Goods jf*-* Garments
TAFFETA CHANGEANT In a Otf All Wool Am Raw Fllk and _ ~ A
great varfetv ol beautiful color Vkf cheviots 4oC , Wo ° , Tw ,?, ed .l upwards SIX fill
Mendings OOL Scotch Plaids (.ranlte Cloths CAKES, trom sSOeUU
Excellent value at .. IASB
YARD — The latest styles are
o, „,',„„ . _ -v Wool an* Mohair a-A_ Black Mohair VELVET CAPES
BLACK BROCADES n-w A f |\fv Novelties SiiC Fancies wilh jet and feather trimming
styles, large scroll designs XI Mil 4,Vlnch Storm Boucle Diagonals FUR CAFES
handsome material »t a *+7 1a W Berges YARD Silk lined, very full clroular elfecU
Dress bkirt, all Silk _ ° ,
— Silk and Wool hp Imported Black
FANCY SILKS a most com- /ft a /IP Suitings / Broche jtaaw/ sssa
pieic line ~f till- class of VI f\ CorkscrewCovcrU * l -' v ' Quadrille Checks iifITTC \inwards (C 7 Cfl
good.-t for Waist* snri Dresses ejj I *UxJ YARD JACRLIS, ..V,™ J\ / .(ill
both in black and colors _ ___ _— ■ ,v v
OUR DIRECT IMPORTATIONS J!^ n .l T- c .'."mA?^"*
We call the special attention of our patrons Of Black and Coloied Dress Goods com- BOLi.Lfc_ JAt Kilo
to our assortment of EVENING SILKS, In prise many new and exclusive effects, to _-. . M ,"S° KISS* cuUwa r ,t r ,#
the very latest effects, viz: Pompadour, be found in no other store in the city. BlL *, vtLK - IA ck11»
Renaissance. Elegant designs and beautl- Toe popular CREPONS in an endless rrenen rnoaefs witn alga roilimf
ful timings variety. velvet collars
Q. VERDIER & CO., 223 S. Broadway
line;), and Frank Slockton wrote that he
would have to send along his typewriter's
band, as ners was the hand witb which
his famous books were written. And
then from John Kendrick Bangs came
a hand whicb be said was drawn by Jus
iitiie ion, and regarding which Mr.
Hangs said;: "It may interest you to
know that Shakespeare's hand and mine
resemble each other precisely in ths
number of lingers and the fact that each
was attached 10 the arm by means of the
wrist."—Chicago Evening Post.
The Thing; She Insisted Upon
Mrs/Fashion—l've picked out a husband
for you, daughter.
Miss Fashion—Very well; but I want
to say right here, mother, when it comes
to buying the wodding dress I'm going to
select the material myself.—T,uth. i
The capital for the building of the
.lungfrau railway is to consist of 9,000,
--0)0,000 franos.
Ought to Suit
Woman—l want to buy a book for a lit
tle Boston boy. Have yem anything you
can recommend?
Clerk—Yes, ma,am. We have just re
ceived Jack and the Hean Stalk in words
of five sylables.—From Judge.
!<§■•!•■•■•■•■•■ BARKER BROS. BIMMMMMI*
• a m
•/ \ ■
■/ \ •
•/ \ ■
mi/ \ ■ #
2 Furniture / \ Carpets ■
® I I / They \ | » 5
5 / ah \ 2
H / \ m
H / Point \ J
to V. _
'o — >
S bros?"> 1
20 AS >
• \ the / g
H V I •
■ \ Place / ■
•—j\to / j 2
• Shades \ Buy / Draperies •
® I \ 1 I—— 1 #
■ \ / ■
•\ / •
! \/ I
■ v ■
iuv lyciio LV/11
Will serve three 25c meals each day of
Pure Food, Good Food, Clean Food
The success of the pure food system is phenomenal. The crowds
are increasing daily. Hundreds are eating at our tables and enjoying
our excellent service. Come and eat a chicken dinner from sto 8
this evening.
The Ralston Pure Food Co.
315 and 317 West Third Street
"I f\ >€r en * Discount for Cash
I \J Vnta September 15th
230 South Spring Street
CIS II 111
Who has successfully practiced both in China
and America for the last twenty years, is now
located at No. 350 South Broadway. Those
who are afflicted with any kind of sickness
are invited to call at the* Doctor's office, the
examinatiou and consultation being free, and
bu convinced of the Doctor's wonderful powers
of healing;.
Office and lesidence, DR. BINQ,
350 South Broadway™
To all sufferers of Error* of Youth and Dixcaaei
of Mm and Women. -08 panes, cloth bound. Treat
ment by* mail strictly conudentlal. Cure guaran
teed. Callorwrlte. Dr.LOßß,329N.lsthSt.,l'bila.
J. M. Griffith. Pres. John T. Grilßth. V.-I»r«>»,
V. T. Griffith, secretary nn,<l.Treasurer.
Geo. K. Wattes, SupWof MIU.
Lumber Dealers,
And manufacturers of
Artistic Mill irk ol Every Description.
Doors Windows, Hliuds and Stairs.
•34 N. ALAMEDA ST., Los Alleles, Ob
fSB* Wholesale. Retail,
Latest Novelty of
yWgnk -'Japanese Art:-
Everything nice and lowest
prices. Come in and see.
J 344 8. Spring S.t

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