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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, September 14, 1895, Image 1

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Q. THB-HEKAtB Ii Tn KrMsnee Ererywhere /"
THE HERALD does business every day
ln tho week. Cast your eye on the want
ads in any Isiue.
Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow
IJ you did not see it in The Herald it did not happen
VOL. XLIV. NO. 156
Considering Measures to Keep
Out Cholera
All California Ports to Be Carefully
Mayor Sutro Presided at the (letting—Full
Board of Health and the Quarantine
Officer Were Present
Aisociated Preu Special Wire
SAX FItANCISCO, Sept. 13.-Dr. Ru
pert Blue, of tne United States marina
hospital service in tins city, received two
letters this morning from his brother,
Victor Hlue, who is an ensign on board
the United States ship Bennington, now
etationnd at Honolulu.
In one letter, bearing date of Angust
2.1 a, Ensign Blue states that cholera broke
out in the islands two weeks previously
and that it was constantly on the in
crease. The death rate daily was six, and
of all who contracted the dread disease
only one escaped with his ;life.
On September .'td, two (lays before the
sailing of the Mariposa. Ensign Blue wrote
again. He stated that six men were
down with tlie disease on board the Ben
nington, und that ono sailor had died.
The other men were doing well, but the
tnip's surgeon feared that the epidemic
nad scarcely begun. He had made a
;areful microscopio examination of tbe
excretiu of the sick patients and pro
nounced it to be a virulent type of
Asiatic cholera.
"We all feel very blue at the prospect,"
writes Eimign Blue. "The excitement
here is intense, and this is not to be
wondered at, for tho disease is spreading
with alarming rapidity. The Bennington
has left her anchorage off Honolulu a,id
gone southward 100 miles. We will re
turn once a week after mail and orders.
In one day thirty-rive cases were reported
ot Honolulu and nearly every one resulted
fatally. I hope to he able to give you bet
ter news next time I write, but I fear
thut I will not be so fortunate."
Dr. Blue states thut die United States
authorities will assist tbe state and local
officers in preventing the entrance of the
disease into this country. He thought
this could bo accomplished by exercising
due diligence.
There is general indignation at the
action of the quarantine officers in per
mitting tne steamer Australia to come
alongside n city dock half nn hour after
ber arrival from an infected port.
Notwithstanding the report that the
vessel was in quarantine five days before
sno left Honolulu, tho public does not
believe- that tho quarantine officers had
any right to order the ship to land pas
sengers. It is claimed that tbe proper
precautions wero not taken, although
medical that tbe life of
a cholera germ is only five days.
The state harbor officials ao not like
the Idta of having the Australia along
side a city wharf, but of course they are
in no way responsible for the acts of the
quarantine doctors. Laxity of quarantini
regulations caused the spread o! the small
pox epidemic in 1807 and ISO 8. The gen
eral opinion about town this morning
was that the Australia should have been
sent to tns quarantine station and fumi
gated, but the quarantine officials explain
that such action was entirely unnecessary.
The board of health held a special meet
ing today to consider the choiera epidem
ic iv the Hawaiian islands. Mayor Stitro
presided and the full board and the quar
antine officer were present. The subject
of the dread disease being introduced in
to California was thoioughly gone over
and various measures to keep it out were
advocated. Honolulu was declared an
infected port and alt vessels coming from
that or any other port in Hawaii will he
quarantined until the passengers, crew
and baggage have been fumigated.
The state hoard of health is to be com
municated with and its members sum
moned for a conference in tho mayor's
office next Tuesday. At that meeting
steps will be taken to guard all the ports
in Caliornia and the rules in San Diego,
San Pedro and other ports will be as
strictly enforced as they will be in San
Francisco. The Rio de Janeiro is ex
pected to arrive from Honolulu next Sun
day, and the quarantine officer was in
structed to pay especial attention to her.
She will he quarantined until a thorough
examination is made and alt thu passen
gers, more particularly the Chinese, will
be fumigated before being allowod to land.
Tlili Number on BoarJ the U. S. S.
HAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 13.—Dr. Ru
pert Blue of the marine hospital service
In this city has receive! a letter from
his brother, who is an onsign on board
tho United States ship Bennington, stat
ing thut there had been live cases of
cholera among the crew of the Benning
ton, one death having resulted,
. ■ .
Cholera Notes
WASHINGTON, Sept. 13.-The follow
ing report has been received at tbe sur
geon general's oflice ut tbe marine hospi
tal service:
At Ouka-Hiago, Japan, for the two
weeks ending August 1, there were 170U
cases of cholera and 717 deaths.
At Kobe-Hiogo. for the week ending
August.ll, there were 2411 cases and 193
deaths. At Rio de Janeiro, for the week
ending August 17. there were 18 deaths
from yellow fever.
At Vera Cruz, tor the week ending Au
ust 20, there were 17 deaths from yellow
Irrigation Congress Delegates
SALT LAKE, Sept. 13.—Utah's con
tingent for the national irrigation con
gress will leave tonight for Albuquerque,
N. M. Tho party includes Hon. George
Q. Cannon of Salt Lake, Hon. Lewis W.
Shurtleff of Ogden and a large number of
other delegates to the congress.
Slaughtering dame at Jackson's Hole
CHEYENNE, Wyo., Sept. 13.-Frank
H. Rhodes, justice of the peace, and Wil
liam Manning, constable of Jackson's
Hole, have published a statement that
if the Indian agents continue issuing
passes to Indians to hunt in Jackson's
Hole tbey fear trouble will result. They
■tats tbat the commander of the national ,
park allows non-resident whites to go
through .he nark into Jackson's Hole
and take all the trophies they wish to.
A party of Germans just passed through
the park with thirty-seven elk heads and
light antelope heads.
There Is No Present Danger From the Asiatic
WASHINGTON, Sept. 13.—The surgeon
general of the marine hospital service,
speaking of cholera in Honolulu, said
today that the quarantine service on the
Pacific coast is in very good condition.
Kvery port of entry has oeen inspected by
a regular marine oflicer, and compliance
with treasury regulations is assured. The
marine hosplcal service has quarantine
stations at Port Townsend, Wash.; San
Diego, Cal.,; and a complete quarantine
plant at San Francisco, with regular
olllcers of the service In charge. At
Gray's Harbor, Wash., there is a sanitary
inspector of the marine service, and one
also at Empire City, Ore.,on the Colum
bia rive.-, which includes the posts of
Portland and Astoria, Ore. At Eureka,
Cal., there is a regular sanitary inspect
or. Special regulations have been issued
regarding the disinfection of all baggage
from all ports of the Orient, including
The United States consul at Yokohama
has « physcian to assist him in the in
spection of vessels. Dr. Wyman wrote to
the chief quarantine officer of Canada to
inquire what had been done regarding
protecting the northern frontier irom im
migrants coming by way of British Col
umbia, lie was informod that tbe Can
adian authorities had been forestalled by
the steamship companies', who. as long
ago as July, refused to bring Japanese im
migrants because of fear of detention of
Commissioner Stanton Secures tbe Pass
age of His Resolution
Larue and Stanton For and CUrk Against It.
Freight Rates Reduced Twenty
five Per Cent
SAX FRANCISCO, Sept. 13.-Tne Cali
fornia railroad commission today adopted
Commissioner Slanton's resolution reduc
ing the general freight rates on the SoMth
ern Pacific, on on average of 25 per cent.
On next Tuesday the work of preparing
a new freight tariff schedule will bo com
menced and tho new rates put in focre as
soon as possible. The reduced grain rate
will probably he made operative at once.
"The business before us," said Chair
man Larue, "is Dr. Stanton's resolution.
I have thought the mutter over and have
a few things to say about it. I refused to
take tbe plodgo exacted by the Democrat
ic party at the last state election to re
duce the rates of the Southern Pacific 25
per cent. But now I do not think that
reduction excessive, and the Southern
Pacilic has not given us a clear statement
of ■ its affairs. I think this commission
should adopt the reolsutkm, no matter
what the courts may do hereafter.
"I believe that the rates of freights and
fares in this state, as exacted] by tbe
Southern Pacific company ever since its
organization and now, have been grossly
oppressive. This is known to every in
telligent man in the state and especially
to those who, like myself, have traveled
constantly and made large shipments
over their lines. 1 believe that tbe earn
ings of the Southern Pacilic system in
California are sufficient to pay theiroper
ating expenses, maintenance and fair rate
of interost. Tbe statements made and
the testimony taken during this investi
gation by those connected with the com"
puny, concerning tho sale of bonds, cost
of moving freight and other expenditures,
were Indefinite, unsatisfactory and
evasive, but from the information so ob
tained I am of the opinion that a reduc
tion of 25 per cent, inclusive of the re
ductions made since the tirst day of De
cember, 1894, will not. be unjust or op
pressive. For many years the shippers
of the state havo been subjected to extor-*
tion. Satisfied as I am now that such
reductions are legal and just, I shall, not
withstanding my present vote, bold my
self in readiness lo change or restore any
rate which change of circumstances or
further evidence may convince roe is un
just to tbe railroad company. I fully
realize the fuct tbat we owe'not only a
d.uty to the people, but to the corporation
itself, and I stand prepared to perform
mine to either party whenever the oc
casion may justify it.
"I therefore u'nnounca that upon Br.
Stanton's resolution for a reduction of
25 per cent, I shall vote aye', and I trust
that we may shortly be able to prepare a
schedule and put these new rates in
A vote was then taken on the resolu
tion, which was earned. Laruo and
Stanton voted aye, Clark voting no.
Now that tbe railroad commissioners
have reduced the freight rates in this
state 25 per cent, the question what will
be rarilroad do about it is of interest.
It will be many months before the com
mission has its new schedule of rates
ready to go into effect, and it is stated
that before that time has arrived the
railroad company will be ready to go
into court und test the legality of the
railroad commission's action. W. F.
Herrin, chief counsel for the Southern
Pacilic, was asKed today w hat the com
pany proposed to do. He said he was not
yet prepared to advise what action shuold
bo taken. It is understood, however,
that the courts will be asked to restrain
the con.missioners from enforcing the
rules rstablished on a showing that the
reduced rates would prevent the com
pany from meeting its eipenses.
Congratulations to President Diaz
SAN BERNARDINO, Sept. 13.—The fol
lowing dispatch was sent to the president
of Ihe Mexican republic by the commit
tee having the liesta in charge:
Gen. Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico,
City of Mexico—Mexican independence
and your bllthday will be appropriately
observed in tins city by citizens ot Mex
ican birth or desceiit and other admirers
of yourself and well wishers of the conn
try you so wisely govern. On their be
half I tender congratulations in advance,
wishing n continuance of your life of use
fulness and prosperity to yourself and
tbe republic.
His Condition Critical
SAN ANDREAS, Cal., Sep. 13.—Ex-
Lieut.-Gov. J. B. Keddick is still a very
sick man, and hid case is now considered
vory critical. This afternoon, about 4
o'clock,he was taken with a violent spell
of vomiting, but this evening he ia rest
ing easier. His physicians were in con
solation with Dr. Simmons, tne attend
ing physician,this morning, and but little
hope is entertalnd of his recovery.
Busby, the Poisoner, Grew Very
Violent Yesterday,
He Was Very Violent at First and Had
to Be Tied Down
Arraigned on a Charge of Murder, After
Which He Is Photographed -He Is
Taken to the County Jail
William J. Busby, the confessed pois
oner, was arraigned before Justice Morri
son yesterday CD a charge of murder and
his examination set for Monday afternoon
at 8 o'clock. He was held without bail.
Busby chunged his tactics considerably
yesterday morning and for a few hours
feigned insanity, but Jailor Siewvekie
brought him around and restored the
mental equilibrium of the colored prison
er. During the morning Busby's sister
and another colored woman called on him
in bis cell and talked with him for quite
n while, i hey were very much distressed
ami asked wny he had acted so. He did
not offer any explanation. Before they
went away tbey said that his fathr would
probably call to see him durinp the ufter
noo.n Shortly after the two women left
Mr. Siewiekie was disturbed by hearing
sounds that resembled a dog's bark,
which on investigation.proved to be made
by Busby. The prisoner was tearing at
his clothes ami acting wildly. Mr. Hie
wiekie took him into another coll and as
Busby bcame more violent it was found
necessary to tie his hands, and he was
left on the floor for some time. Finally
Bua'jy ocmplaincd that the cords around
bis limbs hurt him and promised to be
have himself and not to carry on any
more if they would release him, which
was done. After that no further trouble
was caused.
About ;t o'clock Busby was taken up
stairs to the couit room • and arraigned.
He waa represented by Messrs. P.E. King
and Davidson. His father w-is also p*os
cnt and later had an interview with him.
Busby waa next escorted to Bortrand's
and his photograph taken and turn
brought back to the station, where he
was turned over to Professcor Mutch and
Dr. Yoakum, the phrenologists. Tney
wanted to observe the structure of the ne
gro's cranium and look at him generally,
und thus be able to determmie whether
be is mentally responsible or not and
save the county a large sum of money to
prove the guilt through less expert
The distinguished scientists declined to
state the result of their most scientific
observations, but promised to make a full
report later.
As soon as this very important feature
wns concluded Detective Goodman took
Busby tv tbe conuty juil and turned him
over to the custody of the sheriff.
Mr. Goodman has done one of the best
pieces of work that nas been done in a
long time. He learned the >iame of tne
poisoner very soon after he was detailed,
and then kept on the trail for hours and
never stopped until he had landed the
right man in prison, mid tbic too in
spite of oifliculties on all sides. It is
seldom that a criminal is brought behind
the bars so soon aftor the offense is per
petrated. Tiie entire affair is most cred
itable, and the confession that was ob
tained from Busby most oppnr'nne, as it
gave the officers time to take him before
tbe coroner's jury, where he repented his
statement made earlier tv the chief and
tho dtcctlvea.
As suggested yesterday there is a ques
tion us to whether Busby's crime can be
made a capital offense. Deputy District
James was asked about tbe indictment
against Bnsby. Mr. James said tbat a
consultation had been neld by those con
nected with the district attorney's oflice,
and it decided that tnere was un excel
lent chance to secure his conviction of
murocr. It has been already decided
that if any one attempts to murder an
other and through some mistake an inno
cent party is killed, it constitutes mur
der just the same us though the right one
had been reacheJ.
A complaint for murder was thersfore
made out and sworn to by Detective
Mr. James telt confident that Busby
would be bound over to the ruperior
court to answer to the charge ot murder.
In fact, this is probably what Justice
Morrison will do, as v justice car. hold
any prisoner to answer for what suits
him, leaving the higher court to decide
the extent of the prisoner's guilt.
Thu futhei of Busby appears to b« a
quiet and good eld man. tie says that
his boy must have been crazy when he
tried to murder Gardner. The eld.*r Bus
by is overwhelmed with the disaster, and
is pitied by all. He said yesterday that
he thought ho would enguge counsel to
defend his son, hut it was evident nc had
not given the subject any consideration.
Reductions to Be "lade In Every De
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 13.—The Ex
aminer says: Tlii.ty men were dis
charged fiom the Southern facific shops
at Oakland today and further reductions
are to be made In every department of
the Southern Pacific company's service.
Reductions will extend to the train ser
vice department and the mechanical de
partment before October Ist, and there
will be a general dismissal affecting the
western division from Santa Rosa aud
CatlStOga to Sacramento, Stockton, Snn
Jose and Mendota and down into the San
Joaquin valley. This was the result of
an order sent ont from New York that
the working force of the company must
bo kept down to the same figures that it
was this time last year, just before the
big strike.
Consumption Among Cattle
STOCKTON, Sept. 13.—Dr. Orvi,. San
Joaquin county's veterinarian, who has
just returned to Sacramento, says that
many of the horned cattle exhibited
thero are suffering from consumption.
He was told by a Sacramento veterinary
surgeon, who was ffith him at the stock
show, that in some of the herds repre
sented 60 per cent of the cattle were
nlHictcd wiih tuberculosis. This (act
the Sacramento veterinarian,whose name
Dr. Orvis declined to give, said he knew
what hn was talking about, because bo
himself had seen tho herds.
A Forger Arrested
PORTLAND, Or.. Sept. 13.—Chief of
Police Mm to has received word from Chi
cago that Frank Hanscoui., a commercial
traveler wanted here for forgery, has
been arrested oy tbe Chicago police and
will be held by the authorities until an
officer arrives.
Opinions of Legal Lights on
the Subject
If a Conviction Is Secured, tbe Double
Murderer Is Doomed
But Little Sympathy Is Expressed Toward
the Negro, Whose Effort to Oct Work
Cost Two Human Lives
"To hang or not to hang" is the ques
tion tbat has perplexed many minds
sinco reading tho accounts of the Busby
poisoning as published fully in The Her
ald. Whether the negro poisoner, if con
victed of killing the two men that drank
the wine intended for the porter, Gard
ner, is guilty of murder orof manslaugh
ter, remains to be decided.
Certainly any one reading of tbe com
mission of the heinous crime can hare
little doubt of the author's moral cul
pability, but then there are legal propo
sitions involved that may save Busby
from the gal lows.
A Herald representative visiter! tbe
offices, of a large number of prominent
criruinal lawyers of this city yesterday
afternoon and secured expressions <if
opinion from them that appeal belowfflfj
the majority of instances tile opinions
were adverse to the criminal and nearly
all arguments were based on tbe same
sections of the civil code. A few attorneys
held different views, however, and main
tain that with proper legal talent at bis
service, the negro will yet outlive his
captorj. None of the legal lights, with
iew exceptions, care to append their
names to their opinions, as they may,
perhaps, become interested in the case
As has been said, the prevailing opin
ion is to the effect that Busby, if convict
ed, will stand before the public as a mur
derer with little or no excuse for the
deed he is said to have committed. "Ite
is just as guilty as if he had tired ten
buckshot into your body. He has claimed
that he only intended to make the porter
sick. Well, perhaps a handful of bullets
would make yon sick. At all events, In
my opinion, the negro, it guilty, is a
murdeier, and that in the first degree."
The concurring idea was ably voiced
by Judge J. H. F. Variel,whose record as
a pioseunting attorney, before he took
up civil law, is well known. He said
it is murder. Murder in tbe first degree.
The evidence of malice is shown by tbe
use of poison.
"Tbe law says that if a person is killed
by another one who is at tbe time en
gaged in tiie commission of a felony,
murder iv the lirst degree has been done.
Section 187 of the penal code says that
murder is the unlawful killing of a human
being, with malice aforethought. In the
note it says that if a person attack an
other with intent to oo him nn injury,
and then is fr,*ced to kill the person he
has assaulted, in self defense, he is guilty
of murder.
"All murder perpetrated by means of
poison ... . ... is murder In the tirst
degree. Premeditation is presumed by
the purchase of poison and the placing of
it in the way of others. Shooting nt one
person with intent to kill and killing
another by the shot is nevertheless mur
der. Section 216 of the code gives tbe
Every person who with intent to kill
administers or caures to be administered
poison, any noxious drug, is guilty of
a felony and is punishable by not more
than ten years' imprisonment in the
state prison.
"Section .147 says: Any person who
unlawfully mingles poison with food or
drink that the same shall be taken by
any human being, to his injury, shall be
guilty of a felony.
"Now, you see, according to the pre
vious section this particular action of
Busby resulted In the death of two men.
It was felony resulting in a killing, and
is therefore murder in the first degree.
"Further, the code says, section IS7: If |
an unlawful act be done deliberately and j
with the intention of doing mischief, and
death ensues, it is murder."
Several other attorneys, however, held
different views of the case, and one of
them said :
"busby is certainly guilty of an at
tempt to commit a crime, and one that
may be called a felony, but tne killing
nt those two white men has nothing to
do with his intent to do the porter an in
jury. I certainly do not think him any
more guilty of murder than I would my
self if two mon broke into my -house and
drank a bottle of poison I had in my
closet. They did not know what it was
and arank it, thinking it was harmless.
Tho risk was their own and the result
was also theirs."
They Claim to Have Been Married at
OAKLAND, Sep. 13.—A dcteetiro from
Curtin's agency in San Francisco today
arrested Crofonl Pinkness Kinnimnn and
a woman whose name is in doubt. In
Lo* Angeles she was known as Mrs. A. T.
Vosburg, but the couple now say that
they are married, though Kinniman's
wife in San Francisco declares that she
has never been divorced from him. They
were evidently trying to bide their iden
tity, as they had given tho landlady at
,967 Clay street the name ol Mr. and Mrs.
C. A. Blanchard.
The warrant of arrest was sworn to by
Plurk Show. He claims that ho advanced
the woman $500 to conduct a restaurant
iv Los Angeles and that tho money w«<
"Shaw did advance me the money,"
said the woman this evening, "but when
be gave it to me I gave him a bill of sale
of the restaurant. I found I could not
make it pay as a businens proposition.
There was no attempt on our part to de
fraud Shaw."
"I secured a divorce from my first wife
In San Diego six months ago." said Kin
niman. "1 did not know where she was
and so the summons was published In
the papers. 1 married Mis. Vosburg In
Pasadena on' May 21st before Justice of
the Peace Chud'wick."
Atlanta Exposition Rates
CHICAGO. Sept. 13.—At a general
meeting of all the lines in the Western
Lines Passenger association it was de
cided that a rate of 70 per cent of the
local rate should be granted for the At
lanta exposition, effective on Septem
ber 25.
It was decide I that tho summer tour
ists rates to Utah, Montana, Idaho and
Kustern Washington shall be allowed to
remain in force all the year around.
This was to meet the action of the Ureat
Northern and the Northern Pacific,which
declared some time ago that they would
make the rates effective all die year, no
matter what action was taken by tbe
other roada. B
New York Banks Deposit $2,
--400,000 Gold
GOLD EXPORTS $169,284,300
This Being Since January tbe First
Treasury Officials Unable to Account for
Increasing Demand—Exceptions
Do Not materialize
Atsociated Press Bneelal Wire.
WASHINGTON', Sept. 13.—News that
$4,500,000 had been withdrawn today
from the sub-treasury at New York for
export was received here with surprise,
and the announcement created for a mo
ment something like a sensation in the
treasury department. This feeling, bow
ever, was not shared by high officials,
who apparently regard the withdrawal ns
an incident to tbe speculative spirit that
seems to pervade Wall street. By some
officials it is thought the withdrawals aro
made with the solo purpose of forcing
another bond issue. It can be stated,
however, on excellent authority, there
will not be another issue of bonds, ami
none will bl needed. Those cognizant cf
the facts state that tbe Morgan-Belmont
syndicate, under the terms of the con
tract, undoubtedly will protect the gold
reserve against the inroads of speculators,
and will see to it that a reasonable balance
is maintained. No doubt is expressed
that as soon as grain shipments from the
northwest come in there will be an abun
dant supply of foreign bills on the mar
ket to meet every demand, and with
drawals, it is tnougbt, must necessaiiy
cease. J. Fierpont Morgan, head of the
government bond syndicate, when asked
as to the rumors of tbe dissolution of the
syndicate, replied: "The syndicate Is in
the Held. There has been no rupture.
The syndicate will continue to do all it
can to help maintain the treasury gold re
serve at the $100,000,000 mark. Ths obliga
tions of the syndicate expired, however,
some time ago." Mr. Morgan expressed
surprise at the slow movement of the
cotton crop and the present scarcity of
bills against breadituffs. He said un
doubtedly the offerings of those bills
would be daily increased in the next
few weexs, thus forming a safeguard
anginst exports being made. The presi
dent of a Urge down town bank said the
syndicate was accumulating gold as fast
aa possible, and this would be turned over
to tne treasury. The example ol the
Hanover National bank in depositing
$500,000 this morning for gieenbaeks is
expected to be foliowea this afternoon by
a number of other New York uanks.
The announcement that New York
banks had deposited $2,400,000 in gold
with the promise of a considerable'addi
tion to that amount was quite as much of
a surprise at the treastuy department as
tbe earlier news of the withdrawals.
This prompt action of the banks was
favorably commented upon, that the feel
ing of depression and anxiety that pre
vailed in the department this motning
gave placo to one of confidence. Even
those who by reason of their long experi
ence are best üble to judge of the situa
tion, express themselves tit a loss to ac
count for the continued apparently in
creasing demand for gold. Never before
in the history of the department, they ssy,
has the financial condition of the country
contained so many contradictory elements
and never before have the officials been
unable to give an intelligent forecast of
what was likely to result from tbe next
congress. At this time, tbey add, every
thing seems going counter to thd geneiul
expectations. Several months ago it was
stated that the supply of whisky with
drawn from bond just before tbe antici
pated 'ncrease in the internal revenue
tax was about exhausted nnd that the
next few weeks would see a material in
crease in the revenues from that source.
Hut the revenues have fallen far below
expectations with no prospects for an ad
vance. The receipts from customs
sources were also confidently expected to
adavnee at a rapid rate. It was argued
tiie stocks of merchandise in the country
were practically exhausted and that of
necessary importations would snow a
marked improvement. It. was predicted
also t hat as tbe canning season approached
the sugar importations would add mate
rially to tho receipts, and vet none of
these expectations tias been fully realized.
Although the receipts from internal rev
enue and customs fhow some improve
ment ther* is a wido difference between
the actual figures ond thd confident ex
pectations ot the officials. Whether the
anticipated cotton and grain shipments
will relieve the situation so far as gold
exports are concerned.remains to he seen.
The amount of the cxpnrtntions of gold
during the last twenty months isunpiece
Since January 1 of list year the gold
coin and bullion exported from the
I'nited Stales aggregate about 4169.284,
--300. white the importations durinc the
same period amount to only $48,813,500,
which leaves the excess of exports over
imports about $130,470,800.
The Syndicate's Position
NEW YORK, Sept. 13.—This day wns
an exciting one and for a time bid fair to
be a critical one in tbo financial field,
and it was feared tbat it might pass into
history as a small reproduction of a black
Friday of years ago. liut tonight the
disturbing elements are better understood
and tho outlook for the treasury and the
maintenance of its gold reserve is com
paratively clear.
Uncertainty as to the intention of the
government bond syndicate to maintain
the reserve at tbo century mark anil as to
its ability to do so, had disturbed the
motlied interests increasingly throughout
the week. A crisis was reached this
morning when the announcement was
made tbat the linn of l.azurd Freres,
which is a member of the bond syndicate,
had engaged $2,250,000 gold for shipment.
This announcement naturally gave rise
to the Impression that the syndicate had
withdrawn from its controlling position
behind the tnrone and it sent quotations
tumbling in Wall street, besides starting
stories tbat tbe syndicate had dissolved;
that a oond issue was imminent and the
treasury was drifting back to its old posi
tion of tho dark days " f last winter.
Before tbe afternoon had passed, bow
The Weather !• Cooler |Q
yyO WONDER the People Talk
About THE HISRAI.TVS want ads. They are
growing, growing. Compare them. Nol only
on Sunday! On Mondsy, Tuosday, Wedne sdey,
Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
The people like THE HERALD for the newi
ever, the city banks had come to the aid
of the sub-treaury with deposits of gold
ma no in exchange for greenbacks: ex
planations had been mado b> members of
the syndiicate thai the firm which started
the panic, and quiet had been restored
when the monied institutions closed
their doors for tho day.
The gold deposits made by the banks
will offset the abipmcuts tomororw. The
linnover National bank set the example
with a depo'iht of $500,000. Tnat made
$.1,4(10,000 in gold tn.it the Hanover bang
has placed in, President Howard said,
since the last loan was made, and the
American Exchange National bank also
paid into the treasury $2011.000, and the
National Bank of Commerce followed
suit with another $'200,000. With reference
to this deposit. President Sherman said
that the $20:),000 represented one-thud ot
his bank's gold holding*, and that if all
thu banks contributed gold in the same
pnrportion there, would bo no further
Tho Nat'onal City bank is credited with
an intention to ; deposit a half million or
double that amount.
It is said in banking circles font the
deposits of gold by tbe banks for green
backs will reach $6,000,000 this week. The
known shipments to Europe tomorrow
will be $2,500,000 by hazard Freres, $1,
--000.000 by Crossmah and Brother, »(iCO,-
ODO by Hoskiei, Wood &. Co., $200,000 by
Hand <fc Rand (Hall.), and $100,000 by
Nesslage & Fuller, wh.le Handy de Har
man will forward between $150,(100 and
$200,000. This will make a total for the
week of $7,200,000, the larxe.it weekly
shipment on record, except the $7,700,000
sent out in one week lust January, when
the drain on the reserve reached its high
est tide. Explanations ot the position
of the bono syndicate toward the treas
ury ;.nd of the reasons impelling Lazard
Freres to combat the policy of his col
leagues were secured by the Associated
Tress. The following statement was au
thorized by the bond syndicate toniuht:
"The impression has" been general that
the members of the bond syndicate en
tered into an agreement Witn tho United
States treasury to maintain the $100,000,
--000 reserve until October Ist, proximo,
and upon tbat dale said obligation will
cease. Such is not the case. The bond
syndicate fulfilled all its obliagtious t >
tiie government in June last, and lias
not since been bound in any way to the
treasury. It is true it has from time to
time since last June paid over various
sums in gold coin to the treasury which
have sufficed to maintain tbe reserve,
but it was done so voluntarily ami will
continue to Jo so in the same spirit and
for the same motive.
"So far as October Ist is concerned it
has no relation to the action of the syn
dicate, and it will continue to deposit
until November Ist and January Ist, and
if existing conditions make it leamble to
do so. But neither the bond syndicate
nor anyone else can control the elements.
But the idea thut its relations to the
treasury situation will he any different on
or after October Ist than they are now
and have been all along is erroneous and
should be corrected."
Tne following statement was made in
writing by Mr. Lazard Freres :
"Hoping tbat bills of exchange against
merchandise exports would come in the
market in fair amounts during tbe tirst
half of September, we continue! for a
long lime to supply our customers with
bills of exchange for which we could not
at the time find cover. A combination of
circumstances leaves the market bare oi
commercial bills and makes necessary t he
shipment of gold to cover part of tbe
accumulated indebtedness and to con
tinue supplying tho daily demands of
"The reasons for ' these conditions are
in part the late cotton crop and the slow
movement thereof by Europeans holding
large quantities of cotton at cheap prices,
and its indisposition to buy freely at
quotations now ruling. Further reasons
are the poor demand for wheat at the
center, which | makes it undesirable for
European bankers to increase their loan
able funds here."
In reply to questions a member of the
firm said bs desired to stato there was no
special significance in the shipment of
gold but that it had to go to meet a tem
porary emergency, and that with the
moving of the cotton crop in a few weeks
tbe whole difficulty would adjust Itself.
It Is Preferable to Another Bond
So Says Senator Peffer of Kansas.--A Boad
Issue Without the Authority of
Congress Is Fraudulent
TOPEE A, Kan., Sent. 13.—Senitor
Peffer has kept hii eye on the figures
whicli tell of tho condition of tlie geld
reserve. None have Witched it sliding
dowr below the $101),000,000 mark more
anxiously than he. It was he who ob
jected very emphatically In tlio United
States senate when the first and subse
quent bond issues were made.
" I considered tho bond issue fraudu
lent and I have not changed my position
since then/ said he. "I ntill think that
the government has no autho"ity tn Issuw
bonds without the concurrence of c in
"I am satisfied there will be another
bond issue before October, bees us a the
bond syndicate nas been given tbe pr vi
lege of taking all tbe bonds issued before
then. There |il only ono thing which
may orevtnt a bQn l issue, and thut is
it will weaken 'h Q Democratic stranmh.
Tbey ars making heroic efforts to stran
gle the free slvei sentiment in all the
states and have tv a considerable extent
succeeded. Look how they squelched it
in Arkansas and lowa, and nearly all tlie
other states where tbe test has been
ma le. They are compelling tlie silver
men to (SO outside the Demooratio parry
if tney desire to adhere to that principle.
'"Trie leaders think that the voters can
be whipped into line,nnd if tney fin I out
they can, then look out for another bond
issue before October Ist. The people will
be given all they will stand and r.o ques
tions are supposed to be asked.
"At the last session of congress I was
called impertinent because 1 a«ked to
have the names of tlie bond purchasers
ma le public. If there be another bond
i»sue without tiie authority of congress
I intend to introduce a resolution advis
ing the repudiation of th * bonds. They
were issued without authority and are
fraudulent, and the people should not be
compelled to pay for them. This may not
t>ound well, but there is no use of allow
ing the people to be imposed upon any
"When the first bond issue waa pro
posed Secretary Carlisle c:ime to both
houses of congress and allied legislative
authority for the issue. He went sri far
ns to prepare a bill for that purpose and
presented it to the committee of both the
senate and the house. Congress refusinc
to act, the secretary gave notice tbat if
ho were not authorized by Special act. ho
would issue bonds without such author
ity. I called attention to these fact* at
the time, charged tbat the bonds were
issued illegally, anu also introduce 1 a
resolution instructing the judiciary com
mittee ot the senate to examine and re
port whetner the secretary had such au
thority under existing laws, and tbe
committee dared not report because they
knew there was no such law."
Closing Hours of the Grand
Army Encampment
Tbe G. A. R. Will Meet in St. Paul
Next Year
Commander-in-Chief Walker Will Annsunes)
His Staff Next Week-The Council
of Administration
Associated Press Opeclal Wlrs
LOUISVILLE, Sept. 18.— At the let*
sion of the Grand Army delegates, xc*
ports of officers wore read.
Another matter of interest was th*
adoption of a resolution favoring th*
placing of flags ou every public building,
and tne introduction of military drill In
the public school curriculum.
There was an adverse report made on
the resolution for the establishment of n
national university of patriotism, and
tbe report was adopted.
The camp further declared itself against
the long parades and marches ot en*
campments in the future. This was
brought about on account of tbe large
number of veterans who are becoming
too feeble to endure tbem.
It was decided tbat a special celebra
tion should be neld on the next anniver
sary of the establishing of the first Grand
Army post.
Resolutions were adopted asking con
gress to make an annual appropriation to)
defray the expenses ot conducting Me
morial day services in national ceme
Independence ball will be tbe perma
nent depository of all books, records and
relics of the Grand Army. Cast Com
manuer Wagner of Pennsylvania effered
the famous old building in tbe name oi
the people of Philadelphia at the en.
campnient this afternoon and it was ac
An effort wan made to abolish tho
"house or lords" at all futuro encamp
ments. By this all past commanders in
chief would lose their right to seats in
future encampments. Tbe proposition
created a lively discussion, but was de
Dr. J. B. Whiting of Janeaville, Wis.,
was elected surgeon general by acclama
tion. Rev. E. J. Hill of New Jersey and
the Rev. C. Thomas Iliff of Utah were
nominated for chaplain?ln-cbief. Tho
vote resulted in the election of lliff.
The report of the committee on pen
sions was similar to that of last year,
and was unanimously adopted. After
reviewing the work accomplished by the
soldiers of tbo union during the war and
the laws passed in their behalf it says:
"In some quarters the old soldier has
come to be looked upon in the light of a
burden instead of a great and patriotic
privilege ai he should appear, when
viewed in his true character."
Referring to tb<s view—wholly un
worthy of the great and patriotic people
—constructions have been put upon the
laws, wise and just in thenvelves. by
and under whicn burdens and restrictions
have been imposed upon those unabU to
stand up under them. The just provis
ions authorized have been grudgingly
doled out as though the law passed in
the interests of the pensioner as a just
recognition of the obligation of the coun
try wero criminal laws, to be strictly con
strued, and the public beneficiaries there-
BY TELEGRAPH—Action of the rail
road commission—The quarantine ser
vice or- the Pacific coast--Setuttor Peffer
Interviewed—Kx-Lieu tenant Governor
Keddick's condition—Congratulations
to President Diaz— Precautionary
measures against cholera in Califor
nia—Anaheim, Carlsbad. Huenerae.
Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa
Monica, Sonoma and Pasadena news
—The G. A. R. encampment—News
from the track—Visaila county's new
hospital—Tbe state fair—The score
from tbe diamond —Mrs. Vosburg
and Kinnimnn arrested at Oakland
Boxing contest at Sacramento—A
murderer bun,!—A national bank fail
ure—Arrested for forgery—Yachts will
not meet—Cause's o' Jackson Hole
trouble with the Indians.
ABOUT THE Cf'i V.-Is Busby a mnr
derer? the opinions of legal men on
the subject—News from the oil fields;
the exchatvu still wrestling with the
transportation question—Superintend
ent of Buildings Strange redeems
his promise and tne pians for all the
new school buildings arc completed;
$10,000 saved to the city—Ptof. E. E.
Cates, ex-principal of tne high
school, indorses the individual system
of teacning—Dan McGarry before the
bojrd of nublio works—The building
record of yesterday—The stand pipe
ordinance will become a law; Acting
Mayor Teed has signed it—Mrs. Piatt,
convicted of arson, faints in tbe
court room—Charles D. Piatt admit
ted of the charge of attempted black
mail— Carrazzi enters a plea of not
guilty—Patrick Canity is a cruel and
brutal father—Victoria Buelos Is
thought, to be witli a circus In El
Paso—George Clark, a l-'-year-old
boy, meets with a serious accident—
Busby, the confessed poisoner, grows
violent —Meeting of the committee of
thirty last night: general plans for
La Fiesta for :h; outlined—Goiden
words of wisdom from the lips of the
new rabbi, M. G. Solomon—Echoes
f om lioston last night in Immanuel
church—J. M. Taulbee's speech on
Pome versus Civil Government—El
liott's victims hoid another meeting.
ORPHECM.—Matinee and at 8 p.m.;
BURBANK.—Matinee and at 8 p.m.; Tho
Colonel's Wives.
p.m.; La Mascotte,

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