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Don't no t use the Herald columns. Get Results It Is a Winner VOL. XLV. NO. 72 FINANCE AND VENEZUELA Are the Questions Which Agitate Congress SILVER Ml ME 1011 FRONT With Propositions to Coin Bul lion in the Treasury PATRIOTIC CONGRESSMEN Decide to Forego the Customary Holiday Vacation Committees Are Announced sod tbe House Prepares to Transact Business Comment on the Critical Situation by Amer icans and tbe People ot Other Nation* Financial Effects at Home snd In Europe. Associated Press Special Wire. Washington, Dec. 31.—The president signed the Venezuelan commission resolu tion at about 3:25 this afternoon. Washington, Dec. 21.—The session of the Senate today was notable in bringing out a very pointed statement from Mr. Dubois (Rep., Idaho), who was understood to voice the views of the silver element in the Senate, that no financial legislation was possible along the lines declared by President Cleveland and stronnously urged in the message of last evening. It was patent to every senator, Mr. Dubois ■aid, and should be understood by the public, that the president's desire for the retirement of the greenbacks or the au thorization of the bond issue were utterly impossible of accomplishment. The only action the Senate would take, if it was given the opportunity to vote, would be to adopt the resolution of Mr. Vest (I)em , Mo ), offered earlier in the day, directing the coinage of silver bullion in the treas ury and the payment of government ob ligations in silver. The first response to the president's message urging financial relief came in the form of a resolution offered by Mr. Vest, as follows: Resolved, That the secretary of the treasury is hereby directed, in pursuance of the existing law vesting in him full power to do so, to coin as rapidly as possible the •liver bullion in the treasury, purchased under the act of July 14, 1890, into stan dard silver dollars, and with such dollars to redeem, cancel and retire the treasury notes of the United States of July 14, 1800, issued In the purchase of such bullion, and also to redeem the United States notes, commonly called greenbacks, in standard silver dollars, as well as in gold, using whichever may be most abund ant and convenient. Mr. Vest asked immediate consideration of the resolution, but Mr. Piatt (P-ep., Conn.) objected and the subject went over. Mr. Butler (Pop., N. C.) soon brought forward the subject in another form by asking immediate consideration for a reso lution directing the secretary of the treas ury to pay government obligations in gold when the parity of the metals stood at 25 8-10 grains of gold for grains of ■liver, and to pay in silver when this parity was disturbed by the advance in the value of gold. Again Mr. Piatt objected. A letter from Secretary Olney gave a congratulatory cablegram from the Brazil ian senate, transmitted through Minister Mendonca of Brazil, of President Cleve land's recent enunciation of the Monroo doctrine. The message is as follows: "The federal senate of the United States ef Bra til sends its greeting to the senate of the V jited States upon the worthy mes sage o. President Cleveland, who so stren ously guards the dignity, the sovereignty and the freedom of the American nations." Mr. Proctor (Rep., Vt.) submitted a reso lution asking the secretary of war to sub mit information aa to what amount could be profitably cxpeuded for coast defenses Up to July, 18l>7. The resolution went over. At 1 oclock the senate went into execu tive session. When the doors were reopened Mr. Stew art took the floor for a sharp criticism of the president's message. He said the president's upholding of the Monroe doc trine had placed him op a high level, but the message of last evening had suddenly reduced him to a very low level. Tho United .states had the resources to create the money for any emergency. Wars were not fought on a gold basis. It was the inherent strength of a nation that won victories. England had main tained her position during the Napoleonic w,rs by placing a flat on the bil.s of the Fank of England. Let the president say tiiat United States obligations would be Slid in silver, and there would be no fur er raids on the treasury. If London wanted a financial war we could meet it. Mr. Dubois regretted that the president kad felt called upon to send such a finan cial message at this time. The president must have Known that he cannot accom plish either a retirement of tho greenbacks or the authorization of the bonds. The possible result would lie to precipitate a tariff agitation. And, so far as financial legislation is concerned, the country should underst nd, as every senator here under stands, mat as soon as the senate had an opportunity it would adopt the resolution offered today by Senator Vest to coin silver bullion and to pay government obligations in silver. Senators knew the measure would be adopted if brought to a vote. Mr. Dubois referred to tho hopeless situation presented by the president's message, a ■ituation impossible to remedy by imme diate legislation, as the president and every man conversant with public affairs was well aware. ► At 1:45 p. m. the senate adjourned until next Tuesday. Senator Squire of Washington has intro duced a bill which will greatly increase the usefulness as naval reserve vessels of many steamships carrying the American flag. The bill provides that hereafter all the engineers of ocean steamers carrying an American register shall be full-Hedged cltl sens of our country; also that such engi neers shall officially be declared officers. A careful investigation of the laws govern ing the merchant marine shows that it is possible under a decision of the secretary of the treasury for all ocean steamers carrying the American flag to have their engine room complement made up entirely of foreigners who have simply declared their intention of becoming citizens of our country. IN THE HOUSE The President* Financial fie*aag3 Will Receive Attention—Committee* Named Washington, Deo. Hl.—The bouse today asspondsdto tbe president* message by pigeon holing the resolution for a holiday recess, and preparing to go to work to pro vide some means for the relief of the treas ury. The speaker announced the commit tees. The ways and mean* committee, to which the ineHgsge was referred, met Im mediately to organize, and on Monday the framing of a hill will commence. When Speaker Reed laid before the house, the president's special message, notwithstanding all the members had read the document in the newspapers, it was listened to with great attention. There was no demonstration of any kind. Speaker Reed immediately referred the message to the committee on ways and means, and then announced the members of the committees of the houae. HOUSE COMMITTEES List of Committees With Majority and tUn orlty Members Washington, Dec. 21.—The following are the Houae Committees: Foreign affairs — liepublicans: Hitt of Illinois, chairman; Draper of Massachu setts, Adams, Jr., of Pennsylvania, Quigg of New York, Cousins of lowa, Tatt of Ohio, Smitli of Michigan, Heatwole of Minnesota, Pearson of North Carolina. Democrats: McCreary of Kentucky, Trice of Louieiana.Tuckor of Virginia, Densmore of Arkansas, Money of Mississippi, New lands of Nevada. Ways and means— Republican": Dingley of Maine, chairman; Payne of New York, Dalzeil of I'eiinaylvania, Hopkins of Illi nois, Grosvenor of Ohio, Russell of Con necticut, Dolliver of losa, Steele of Indi ana, Johnson of Nonh Dakota, I;>.uisof Kentucky, Lawuey of Minnesota. Demo cra s: Crisp of Vlnrtnle, MoMUIen of Ten nessee, Turui-r of Virtiin a,Tarsney of Mis souri, Wheeler of Alai.ama, Mcl.uurin of South Carolina. Kules - Republicans: -Speaker Reed, chairman; Heud-rson of lowa, Dalsellof Pennsylvania. Democrats: Irish of Geor gia, McMilien of Tennessee. Appropriations—Republican i Cannon of Illinois, chairman: liiiighain of Pennsyl vania, lirout of Vermont, North war of Ohio, Stone of Pennsylvania, Arnold of Rhode Island, Haine.* of Nebraska, linker of Kansas. Pitney of New Jorsey, Hemen way of 1 Miliaria, Mcl a'l of Tennessee. Democrats: Sawyer of Texas, Dooknay of Missouri, Livingstone of Georgia, R >ber - son of Louisiana, Lay ton of Ohio, Bartlett of New York. banking and Currency—Republicans: Walker of Massachusetts, chairman; iiros sius of Pennsylvania, Johnson of Indiana, Van Voorhiesof Ohio, McCleary of Minne sota, fowler of .New Jersey, Lefovro of New York, Spalding of Michigan, Calder iiead of Kansas, H ill of Connecticut, Cooke of Illinois. Democrats: Cox of Tennessee, Cobb of Missouri, Cobb of alahania, Black of Georgia, Newlands of Nevada, Coweu of Maryland. Coins, Weights and Measures—Republi cans: 0. V.Stone of Pennsylvania, chair man; Hartman, Montana; Lou leuslager, New Jersey; Hunter, Kentucky; Krewster, New York; Hoatlloy. Illinois; MeClUre, .laio: r.nrchild. New York; Cannon, Utah. Democrats: Allen, Mississippi; Danube id. Alabama: Mcßae, Arkansas; I'lorida; Spencer, Mississippi; Clark, Ala bama. Kivers and Harbors—Republicans: Hooker of New York, chairman; Herman, Oregon; Stephenson, Michigan; Rnyburn, Pennsylvania; Cooper, Wisconsin; Burton, Ohio; I turret i, Massachusetts; Reeves, Illinois; Town, Minnesota; Dovonor, West Virginia; Clark, Missouri: Walker, Vir ginia. Democrats: Catching*. Mississippi; Lester, Georgia; Clark, Alabama; McJol loch, Arkansas; Berry, Kentucky. KailwavH and Canals — Rcpu'o'lcans: Chickering of New York. chairman: Cooke. Wisconsin; Leiaenring, Pennsylvania; Warner, Illinois, Foote, Now Y'orn; I.acey, Iowa; McKwan. jr.. New Jersey; Cal ler head,* Kansas. Democrats: McLauriu, South Carolina; Lockhar , North Carolina; McCann, Illinois; Mc Kenny, Virginia; Otey, Louisiana. Immigration and Naturalization—Repub licans! Burthold, Miasoun, chairman; Dani'ord. Ohio; Acheaon, Pennsylvania; Tract-well, Indiana; Howell, New Jersey; Barney. Wisconsin; Mahoney. New V" rk. Democrats: Cowen, Maryland; Wilson, Smith Carolina: Hendnck, Kentucky. Indian Affairs— Republicans: Sherman. New York, chairman; Curtis, Kansas; Wilson, Ohio; Meiklejohn, New Jersey; Gamble, South Dakota; Doolittle, Wash ington: Kistier, New York; Eddy, Minne sota; Stewart. Wisconsin; Wbite, Illinois; Hyde, Washington; Watson, Indiana; Flyu,;, Oklahoma. Democrats: Allen, Mississippi; Maddox, Georgia; Pendleton, Texas; Little, Arkansas; Owens, Ken tucky. Public Buildings and Grounds—Repub licans: Milliken of Maine, chairman; Morse, Massachusetts; Mercer, Nebraska; Hicks, Pennsylvania; Hilburne, Califor nia; Kecifer, Minnesota; Gillett, New York; White, Illinois: Hyde. Washing ton; Henry, Indiana. Democrats: Bank head, Alabama; Abbott, Texas; Skinner, North Carolina; Sparksman, Florida; Lit tle Arkansas. Pacific Railroads — Republicans: Pow ers, chairman; Hepburn, Iowa; Bright, Massachusetts; Watson, Onio; Black, New York; Arnold, Pennsylvania; Johnson, California; Hubbard, Missouri; Karris, In diana. Democrats: Bourmet, Louisiana; Kyle. Mississippi; Bell, Texas; Harrison, Alabama; Patterson, Tennessee; Sulzer, New York. Territories—Republicans: Scranton of Pennsylvania, chairman; Porkins of lowa, Lofevre of New York, Avery of Michigan. Harris of Ohio, Had ley of 1 llinois, Knox of Massachusetts. Taft of Ohio, Low of New York, Catron and Murphy of Ariz. Ter. Democrath: Harrison of Alabama, Turner of Virginia, Owens of Kentucky, Cooper of Texas. Public Lands — Republicans: Lacy of lowa, chairman; Stephenson of Michigan, Meiklejohn of Nebraska, Bowers of Cali fornia, Ellis of OregOij, Barney of Wiscon sin, Curtis of Kansas, Wilson of Id »ho, Kulp of Pennsylvania, Shafroth of Colora do, Flynn of Oklahoma. Democrats: Mc- Rae of Arkansas, Latimer of South Caro lina, Downing of Illinois, Underwood of Alabama, Jones of Virginia. Invalid pensions Republicans: Pickler of South Dakota, chairman; Thomas of Michigan, Wood of Illinois, Sulloway of New Hampshire, Poole of New Hampshire, Kirkpatrick of Kansas, Kerr of Ohio, An derson of Tennessee, Andrews of Nebraska, Crowther of Missouri. Democrats: Krd man of Pennsylvania, Layton of Ohio. Mc- Clelian of New York, Miles of New York, Baker of Kansas. Labor—Republicans: Phillips of Penn sylvania, chairman; Walker of Massachu setts, Apsley of Massachusetts, Gardner of New Jersey, McCleary of Minnesota, Lorimer of Illinois, Low of New York. Democrats: Sorg of Ohio, McGann of Illi nois, Erdman of Pennsylvania, Talbert of South Carolina, Stroud of North Caralina. Agriculture—Republicans: Wadsworth of New Y'ork,chairman; Stable of Penn sylvania, Warner of Illinois, Willis of Del aware, Henry of Connecticut, Sauerhering of Wisconsin, Leighty of Indiana, Baker of Maryland, Wilber of Now York, Mur phy of Illinois, Snovor of Michigan. Dem ocrats: Moses of Georgia, Kern of Ne braska, Williams of Mississippi, Claredy of Kentucky, Stocks of North Carolina, Turner of Virginia, Shuford of North Caro lina, Cannon of Utah. Mines and mining—Republicans: Ait kin of Michigan, chairman; Cousin of lowa, Martman of Montana, Leisenring ot Pennsylvania, Mondella of Wyoming, Crump of Michigan, Graff of Illinois. Eddy of Minnesota, Hardy of Minnesota, Hardy of Indiana, Cannon of Utah. Democrats: Tate of Georgia, Cockrell of Texas, Neill of Arkansas, Kendall of Kentucky. Irrigation of arid lauds—Republicans: THE HERALD LOS ANGELES, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 22, 1895.-THIRTY-TWO PAGES. Horrman, Oregon, chairman; Durham. ! California. Wilson. Idaho, Shatfroth. Cvi- j orudo, Mondella,Wyoming, Gamble, South i Dakota, Hyde, Washington; Democrats: Hutcheson, Texas. Washington, Tennes see, Bartlstt, Georgia, i ell, Colorado. Pensions—Republicans: Loudenslager, New Jersey, chairman; Coffin. Maryland,: Colson, Kentucky, Hultermann, Pennsyl- ! vania, Howe,Now York, Mosely, Missouri, | Strode, Nebraska, Hardycof, Indiana,; Democrats: Moses, Georgia, Stalling*, Al abama, Baker, Kansas, Black, Georgia, Elliott, South Carolina. Private land claims—Republicans: Smith, Illinois, chairman: Andrews, Nebraska, Barthold, Missouri, Bishop, Michigan, Black, Now York, Cook, Washington. Hill, Connecticut, Howell, New Jersey, Hager, Iowa; Democrats: Junes, Virginia, Mc- Cullnch, Arkansas, Miles, Maryland, Ow ens, Kentucky. Naval ailulrs—Republicans: Hilborn of California, I iou telle of Maine, chairman; Robinson of I'ennsylvania, uulick of Ohio, Bull of Rhode Island, Hanley of Indiana, Wilson of New York, Fobs of Illinois, Dayton of West Virginia. Democrats: Cummitigs of New York, Myer of Louisiana, Money of Missis sippi, Hull of Missouri, Tate of Georgia, Hurt of Pennsylvania. ... Military affairs —Republicans: Hull, of lowa, qhnirpinn; Curtis of New York, Marsh of Illinois,Woomer of Pennsylvania, Griffin of Wisconsin. Southwlck of New York, Parker of New Jersey, Bishop of Michigan. Fenton of Ohio, Catron of New Mexico. Democrats: Tarsney of Missouri, Tracy of Missouri, Tyler of Virginia. Mc- Clelland of New Y'o.-k, Washington of Ten nessee, Hart nt Pennsylvania, Lockhart of North Carolina. Interstate and foreign commerce—Re publicans: Hepburti of lowu, chairman; Fletcner of Minnesota, Sherman of New York. Wngner of Pennsylvania, Doolittle of Washington. Settle of North Carolina, Aldrich of Illinois, Joy of Missouri,Corliss of Michigan, Bennett of New York. Stew art of New Jersey and Noouan of Texas. Democrats: Price of Louisiana, Patterson of Tennessee, Bartlott of New York, Rusk of Maryland, E lett of Virginia. Judiciary—Republicans I Henderson of lowa, chairman; Ray of New York, Brod erick of Kansas. Updegraff of lowa, Gillett of Massachusetts, Strong of Ohio. Baker of Now Hampshire, Connelly of Illinois, Bur ton of Missouri, Brown of Texas, Lewis of Kentucky. Democrats: Culberson of Texas, Boatner of Louisiana, Washington of Ten nessee, Bailey of Texus, Terry of Arkan sas, Dearuiond of Missouri. Committee on elections, No. I—Repub licans: Daniel, New York, chairman; Rce, New York; Cook, Illinois; Leonard, Penn sylvania; Moody, Massachusetts; Lennett, North Carolina. Democrats: Dinsmore, Arkansas; Bartlett, Georgia; Turner, Vir ginia. Gsmmittee No. 2—Republicans: John, Indiana, chairman; Strode, Nebraska; Prince, Illinois; Taylor, Ohio; Miller, West Virginia; Long, Kansas. Democrats: Har rison, Alabama; Maguire, California; Kyle, Mississippi. Committee No. 3 —Republicans: McCall, Massachussetts, chairman; Thomas, Mich igan; Jenkins, Wisconsin; Walker, Vir ginia; Overstreet,lndiana: Codding, Pen nsylvania. Democrats: Red, Texas; Dear mond, Missouri; Jones, Virginia. .Postoiflces and Postroads -Republicans: Loud of California, chairman; Smith, Illinois; Gardner, New Jersey; Linton, Michigan; Sperry, Connecticut; Settle, North Carolina; Huff, Pennsylvania; Lor imer, Illinois; I Irani well, Ohio; Miller, Kansas; Mahoney, New York: Murphy, Arizona. Democrats: Kyle and Swanson, Virginia; Crane, Texas; Ogden, Louisiana; Pendleton. Tennessee; Hall, Missouri. The chairmen of the other committees are as follows: Territories, Scranton, Pennsylvania; public lands, I.acey, Iowa; invalid pen sions, Pickler, South Dakota; labor, Phil lips, Pennsylvania; agriculture, Wads worth, New York; Mississippi river levee, Ray, New York; mines and mining, Ait kin, Michigan, irrigation of arid lands, Hermann, Oregon; merchant marine and fisheries, Payne, New York; militia, Marsh, Illinois; patents, Draper of Massachusetts; reform in the civil service, Brosius of Pennsylvania; manufactures. Apsley of Massachusetts; educution, Grow of Pennsylvania; claims, Brumm ot Pennsylvania; library, Harmer of Pennsylvania; printing, Perkins of Iowa; pensions, Loudenslager of New Jer sey; alcoholic liquor traffic, Morse of Massachusetts; revision of laws, Bowers of California; war claims. Malum of Penn sylvania; election of president and vice president, Curtis of New York; private land claims. Smith of Illinois; enrolled bills, Hager of Iowa; ventilation and acoustics, Linton of Michigan; Dis trict of Columbia, Babcock of Wis consin; expenditures in navy department, Thomas of Michigan; expenditures in post office department, Bingham of Penn sylvania: expenditures in the department ot state, Quigg of New York; expenditures in treasury department, Grosvenor of Ohio; expenditures in war department, Grout of Vermont; expenditures in depart ment of the in erior, Curtis of Kansas; expenditures in agricultural department, Gillette of New York; expenditures in de partment of justice, Ellis of Oregon;, ex penditures in public buildings, Settle of orth Carolina. As soon as the reading of the lists had been completed, Messrs. Cannon and Dingley offered resolutions for the printing of documents necessary for the use of their committee and it was immediately evident that the house was to plungw into the actual huntress of the session. Mr. Ding ley culled up the holiday recess, which Had been returned with an amendment from the sen i io, und moved its reference to the commiltee on ways and means. The mo tion wits agleed to although there were a few dissenting voices from the Democratic benches. Then at 12:06 the house adjourned un til Monday. ALL AT SEA Congressmen Puzzled but Willing to Face the Situation Washington, Dec. 21.—Most of the members of the house were all at sea to day aa to what should be done in response to the appeal of the president's message for a means of protecting the gold reserve, but there was unanimity that congress should stay here and face the situation. The Democrats were disposed to await the action of the Republican majority and the latter seem ready to shoulder the burden, i Here and there a member was found who was willing to vote for gold bonds, but the overwhelm ing sentiment on both sides of the I In,use was that the passage of a gold bond ! bill was impossible as it would be bitterly fought by the silver, men. Some Republicans were inclined Ito couple with a bill to enable the govarn- I mem id procure money, a proposition for raising revenue by amending tne tariff law, but the general sentiment seemed to be in favor of i low rate interest bearing long time coin bonds of small denomina tion, which it was thought the people of the country would eagerly subscribe for to help the treasury in its emergency, .lu.t such a proposition, it will be temembered, Mr. Reed offered in the lust congtess. Speaker Reed feels the responsibility very keenly. Ac realizes that tiie situation in the senate and the majority for silver there in no wise relieve the house and the action of tho house must be independent of the action ami result at the other end of tho capitol. , A partial canvass of the silver men in the sena,e made among Republicans, Dem ocrats and Populists u!Ue reveals a decid ed disposition to couple silver legislation with any measure for tho relief of the treasury that may he ottered. Cockrell, Teller, Dubois. Pritchard, Fet tigrcw. Baker and Butler all said that the secretary of the treasury bad die means for meeting the emergency in his own hands, which was in paying out silver and coining the silver in the treasury. They likewise agreed upon 'he proposition that they would not consent to give further au thority for the issuance of more interest bearing bonds,. They did pot even display a willingness to authorize the short-time certificates of indebtedness proposed last session. They expressed the opinion that the continuance of ciangress in session dur ing the holidays would bring no relief. DISCUSSING PLANS Wayland Means Committeemen Talk Short- Term Bonds Washington, Doc. '21.—There was a little informal discussion of the situation in the ways and means committee, directed mainly to keeping congross in session through the holidays. Doubts were ex pressed whether it would be possible for the house to get down to work within a week, but it was thought the country would not take kindly to an adjournment in the present condition of financial affairs, with the president's message unacted upon. No suggestions for legislation of any sort were brought forward, nor was it finally settled beyond doubt that the committee would attempt to report any plan for im mediate action. The policy favored by Mr. Dingley is understood to be for short term, low de nomination certificates of indebtedness, and an advance of certain tariff schedules to provide sufficient revenue for the ex penses of the government. There is a general expression in - the house in favor of a popular bond issue if any temporary expedient is to be resorted to. It is said that the presi dent has the same authority to make such a bond Issue as he had for the former bond issue. It seems to be conceded that con gress will not legislate for gold bonds, and that no proposition but a coin bond can be passed. Tariff legislation is also much talked of. The. house is almost unanimous in favor of continuing in session. Mr. Hepburn (Republican, Icwa) said: "It looks as though the president was try ing to take advantage of the position in which congress placed itself by the unani mous endorsement of bis foreign policy to drive it to adopt his financial measures, which he knows neither the Republicans nor the Democrats approve. It seems to me the surest way to allay public uneasi ness would be for congress to adjourn, thus showing that it does not fear a finan cial crisis." Mr. Walker, chairman of the committee on banking and currency, says that in his opinion but two ways out of its present difficulty are possible for the treasury. These are: The continued issue of bonds every quarter, or oftener, or a great in crease in the revenue so that it will suffice to pay current expenses of the government and also to buy gold to maintain the con stantly diminishing reserve. I The Democratic members of the ways I and means committee are disposed to let FAT BUT UNPROFITABLE Republicans do what they will to initiate legislation. In the meantime the unsettled situation ' gives rise to a talk of a Republican caucus . to instruct the ways and means committee. | The Republican members of the ways and means committee held a private con- j sulfation for two hours tonight in their < committee rooms at the capitol, at which j Speaker Seed and several otlnr leading Republicans, not members of the commit tee were present. The purpose was to dis cuss general questions of policy, but not with a view to arranging a definite plan at this time. Members present were extreme ly reticent and evasive, stating that the meeting was only for the purpose of ex changing individual views gen -rally. It is known that the president's message on the financial situation was discussed, and the trend of opinion was that, regardless of the sentiments of the members as to the wisdom of the communication, it was ne cessary to devise some plan immediately for the relief of the treasury as a protec tion to the nusinesd interests of the coun try. There was a gooddeilof talk about short-term bonds and the expediency of making certain changes to increase the revenue. There was some discussion of the problem of so arranging tho bond au thorization as to require a separate ac counting of the proportion of the gold pro ceeds that would go to protect the gold re | serve and the proportion that might be i I used to defray deficiencies in receipts, j A number of Republican representatives friendly to the free coinage of silver held a conference witn the silver Republicans'of j the senate in the Republican cloak room of the senate after the adjournment of the | houses today, relative to the course the silver men should pursue in the house. They considered the advisability of pre senting a resolution instructing the secre- i tary of the treasury to redeem coin certifl- I cates in silver in certain contingencies, but did not decide positively to follow this course. BIDS FOR CRUISERS Secretary Herbert Considering the Building of Six Vessels Washington, Deo. 21.—The suggestion has been made to Secretary Herbert by the naval bureau chiefs that congress be re quested immediately to authorize the amendment of tiie last naval act so as to permit the department to contract for the building of six battle ships, instead of tho two provided for. It is urged that in view of the low figures of the bids received at the recent opening, it would be greatly in the interest of economy to accept all of the bids, and according to this plan the Newport News company would be given a contract for two of the ships, the Union Iron Works of San Francisco a con tract for two, and the Cramps also a con tract for two. All of the ships would be of tho Kearsarge type with double turrets and 13-inch guns. The cost of the six ships at the outside, and there is reason to oelieve that the bidders would still further scale dowp their figures, would be *>10,440,000, exclusive of armor, whereas the last con gress fixed the limit of cost of but two ship/,, with armor, at $8,000,000. The nee/ssary armor would cost about three or foil? millions additional, secretary Her bert has the matter under consideration. GENERAL MILES' REPORT No Lack of Soldiers, But the Coasts Are Defenseless Washington, Dec. 21.—General Miles, commanding the army, has given out a statement, by request, in regard to the ability of the United States to defend her self in case of war. He said: "I have just returned from an inspection tour of the southern coast, and like those of other sections of the country, I find them in an entirely defenseless con dition. If war should break out at the present time all we have in the sou in. or in fact anywhere else, with a few excep tions, would be a lot of obsolete guns on rotten carriages which would fall over lie fore they could be of any service. The country is in a deplorable condition for de fense. There are only three modern high-powered guns in position in this country. Two of these are at the entrance of New York harbor and the third is at San Francisco. "If congress would make liberal appro priations the coasts can be placed in con dition for defense in two years' time. The work would cost in the neighborhood of $80,000,000. It would take in the neigh borhood of a year to manufacture the tools necessary tor the construction of the guns and then another year for the manu facture of the guns themselves. There are four ways by which the coast cities could be protected The first is by floating bat teries, that is by battle ships and moni tors. The second way is by land bat teries, which could be built quickly and would be more effective. The third way is by torpedoes and mining casemates. Without high powered guns it would bo possible, however, for an enemy to land a force unci explode the mining casemates, thus obviating this danr er for its fleet. "There is another way of proctecting the harbors, but that involves destroying the commerce of the cities lying upon them. This method is to load vessels will) stones, iron, etc., and sink them in tho channels. This would naturally prevent either in gress or egress and would destroy the If you have any wants for «r% you can get it supplied in I ICI The Herald Cheap A Sure Winner cities' commerce after a war as much as during it. "Regarding the land forces: No diffi culty would be experienced in getting a million men in a month. The small army we have would be in the nature of a nucleus for other troops. What we need, however, is not men, but coast fortifications. After we got the fortifications we could get the men to operate the guns." ''Could the United States be invaded?" "No; nor would an enemy care to invade it. All that would be necessary for him would be to place his ships off our coasts and fire shells into our cities. This would drive millions of people from their homes and cause untold distress. The wealth of 300 years is stored in Boston, New York and other great cities, and their loss would be very severe. We could not afford to lose them. They should be protected." "On the Pacific coast the same defense less condition exists. Not a shovelful of dirt has been thrown up around Puget Sound for the protection of the oities lying on its shores. The British have a naval station at Esquimault and it could be used as a base against this country. "Senator Squire has introduced a bill in the senate for the protection of our coasts which meets my views. It makes provi sions for the establishment of fortifica tion* and other defenses recommended by the board known as the Endicott board, which was appointed by the president in 188 H. The bill appropriates »87,000,000 for this work." BROKERS DISCUSSION European Holders Are Not Likely tv Sacrifice American Securities New York, Dec. 21.—Wall street, espe cially in the immediate vicinity of the stock exchange, is ordinarily on a Satur urday afternoon, one of the least fre quented and most quiet streets iv New York. Today, however, almost until even ing, crowds of people thronged the neigh boring streets and groups of members of the exchange and curbstone brokers were gathered in Wall street. Broad and Nassau streets and Exchange place, discussing the happenings of the day. Considerable sat isfaction was expressed over he news that buying orders from Europe bad been re ceived by some of the representative for eign bouses for execution on Monday and it wus predicted that foreign capitalists and investors would speedily realize the folly of sacrificing their American securities. The general impression was that the ex treme tension had been relaxed and that With reasonable leniency upon the nart of the banks a quieting down would occur Monday. The point is mode that, consid ering the suddenness of the break, the street has come out in better shape than could have been anticipated, as with per haps one exception none of the failures had been of the first class. The great question confronting the finan cial community early next week will be the probable extent of the withdrawal of gold from the sub-treasury for shipment by the mid-week's steamers. Estimates range as high as $10,000,000 to * 12,000,000, but no definite information is obtainable. Treasury officials were not surprised at the size of the estimates, but declared that President Cleveland will not hesitate to issue more bonds if necessary , to sustain tho gold reserve. Bank presidents denied again in the af ternoon revived rumors of a call for a meeting of the presidents or clearing house committee, but said such a meeting might ' be among the possibilities next week. ENGLAND OBJECTS Not to the Monroe Doctrine, But to Its Ap plication London, Dec. 21.—N0 excitement has been manifested here in political circles over the Venezuelan complications, al though their effect has been felt on ihe stock exchange. There has been some un loading of American securities, but the cabinet ministers are all enjoying the j Christmas holidays in the country, and outside of the utterance of the newspapers there is nothing to indicate that war is ap- . prehended. Of course the strained rela tions between Great Britain and the United States have been uppermost in tho public mind, especially during the latter part of the week, and the matter, which was at | first treated lightly, is now more deeply discussed, and there are indications tiiat the gravity of the aifair is now fully grasped by the people at large. A striking fact is that without a single exception, if tho utterances of the press and those of prominent men who have spoken on the subject can be relied upon, the whole country stands as solidly behind the Marquis ot Salisbury as the United | States is understood to stand solidly be- I hind I'resident Cleveland, but it should be added that it has been remarked in some i quarters that the Marquis of Salisbury I might very well have omitted the passage, | in his reply to the note of Secretary Olney, | which has been looked upon as "question ' ing Secretary Olney's interpretation of tbe j ptTnciplea of the Monroe doctrine. - ' Pub- I lie opinion here, in spite of any state ments to the contrary, certainly supports I the general idea of the Monroe doctrine, jlt is not the doctrine itself which is re ! sented in Great Britain, bit', the claim is made that it does not apply to the Vene i zuelan dispute as it stands. This seems to be the whole of the British i contention, and according to cable reports I published here there la some such belief in PRICE FIVE CENTS the United States. It is confidently ex pected in the beßt informed quarters that an amicable arrangement will be arrived ut which will avert further financial troubles, to say nothing of a disastrous n ar between the two great English-speaking nations of the oarth. In addition to the financial disorder, which haa been the first feature of the trouble, there ia one phase of the reception of the war scare here which deserves espe cial attention, not only in England, but in the United States. Tho alarming reports circulated have been seized upon by the agricultural party as a justification for the demands which they have recently made upon the government for a change in the policy of Great Britain from free trade to protection. Mr. James Lowther, M. P., leader of the protection party, indicates this in a pointed letter printed in the Times, and shows the grave condition in which Great Britain would be placed if her food supplies from Aineriea were stopped. Mr. Lowther points out that 50 per cent of the British food Imports come from the United States, and he, therefore, asks that British agriculturists be pro ected, in order to make this country as independent as possible of American food supplies. Fears are expressed that this war scare will materially assist thla agitation for pro l tection against American food imports, al j though the "Statist" today gives utterance to a grave warning to the public not to be frightened into supporting import duties on wheat. In spite of such warnings, how ! ever, there is little doubt that the agitation ! here in favor of protection has been and I will be further greatly strengthened by the j bellicose utterances on both sides of the Atlantic, and with a strong conservative government in office, it is thought some measure for the protection and fostering of British husbandry is not unlikely to be come a law in due course of time. GERMAN HOPES Attention Is Concentrated Upon the Action ol the Financier* Berlin, Dec. 21.—Prealdent Cleveland's message to congress on the boundary dis pute between Great Britain and Venezuela dropped like a thunderbolt on Germany and immediately overshadowed all ques tions of domestic topics. The almost gen eral condemnation of the action of Presi dent Cleveland upon the part of the Ger man press is due less to love for England than to the conviction that the interests of Germany are also threatened, in political and even in government circles the atti tude of the Marquis of Salisbury is receiv ing unusually unanimous approval, evi dently with the hope of impressing Americans with the fact that Germany is backing England. If the dispute between Great Britain and the United States was to grow very acute it is thought here that the former country would endeavor to obtain a pronounce ment upon the part of European govern ments against President Cleveland's inter pretation of the Monroa doctrine, for the success of Mr. Cleveland, it is thought, would have grave consequences upon the future relations between the European powers snd the turbulent South American states. The latest news from America, howevor, is regarded as promising the refusal of the business men to endorse President Cleve land's attitude, and all eyes ate directed toward the developments of the financial crisis. The retetistag having adjourned until January 9*o, no public expression of official opinion is possible just now. IN VENEZUELA Anti-English Feeling Increases - A Christmas Demons tratioa New York, Dec. 21.-The World to morrow will publish the following copy righted cable from Caracas, Venezuela: The anti-English feeliug is increasing here. Fresh flowers are pla?.ed daily upon the statue of Washington, aud the Ameri can and Venezuelan flags are everywhere to be seen, either displayed side by side or entwined in signiticant embrace with the portraits of Washington nud Monroe between. Another mass meeting was held on the Plaza Bolivar this morning at. which were heard cries of "Abajo los Ingleae" (Down THE NEWS BY TELEGRAPH—Congress-ion si proceedings; the senators discuss flnaneial matters from the silver standpoint; the house will sit during the holidays to consider ths presi dent's message on finance; no program laid down Socialistic activity in Ger mony Races at Ingleside; Butte foot ballers gathered inio camp by the Reli ance tarn Dr. Hearue acquitted of the murder of Amos Stillwcll .... A Baptist minister in Turkey m dared and his church burned; further outbreaks feared Mayno stirs up San Plcgo people The street ear strike at Philadelphia on again and with increased bitterness An isthmus town destroyed by a tidal wave Comment on the Mon roo doctrine situation; financial troubles agitate the British mind; Germany hopes the business men of the country will de cline to go owar; General Mi.es on our coast defenses; Venezuela rejoices; Italy offers to bo arbiter of the dispute Pasadena; rose tournament plans; brey itics ...ban Bernardino; the light ques tion; patriotic G, A. R. men Santa Mon ies; Chiistmas sports... Colton; personal no es Ventura; tire company officers — Anaheim; burglary. ABOUT THE CITY—The polits world; recast happenings in the swagger tat The mu sical column; a work of classical and light compositions The Frss Harbor league; an enthuslastin meeting of the i hamberoi commerce Four supreme court dcclsioos affecting Los Angeles litigants..,. Meeting of the county supervisors; bids for county supplies accepted OH Inspector Meth vln'a life is saved, hut ho must In tho future work harder —No bills against the city allowed yesterday —The supply committee make anew departure ....President Teed gets a vindication; a very tame Inquisition; plenty of witnesses but no sensation I.net day of St Paul's OhU'Oh Christmas Market at Music hall The California club wins the base ball gamo of yesterday ... Va-onie installation; namos of the officers of lodge No. 49, F. and A. M A couple In the evening of life conclude to wed The Campbell in dictment; it is attacked upon a number of grounds; tak n under advisement.... An opinion by Jud;e Van Uyke in' an important case; county of ficers are entitled to pay for over lime \ queer ease of gra-id lirccny.... Mayne is again In his coll nt tho oonty jail ... stockholders of the Mala street line incot and increase the capital stock: ths road Will be cleetrieized The Simla Fs Chicago limited wrecked; a broken rail on the MojsvS desert .. .Jack Murphy knocked down and robbed by footpads The quails and quint now ot Coronado beach pace record breakers It is Col, John K. Berry; elected to command the Ninth regiment WHERE YOU MtY OO TODAY OkFUBUU— Matinee, nnd at 8 p.m., vaude ville. Bi ream;-At Hp.m , l ost Paradise. Wi-sn.AKi: PaKK—At3p in., oisn air con cert; Hr. Carver and his oelsbrated diving horse.