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TREATED LIKE WILD BEASTS Brutality to Lunatics at Highlands AN EX-PATIENT'S STORY Kicked and Clubbed by the At= tendants CRUEL MODES 0P PUNISHMENT Mea Almost Choked to Death With a Wet Towel .hjmped 0a and Kicked at the Slightest Provocatloa <l. A. Cellar of Los Angeles (lives His Per sonal Experience While an Inmate ol the Asylum—Flagrant Abuses J. A. Colter ia a brick and stone con tractor, aged f>o years, living with his wife in a small cottage at No. <ot South Grand avenue. On the 28th of September, 1895, while walking along Spring street between Third and Fourth he suddenly be came insane. He was removed to his home, from which place he was taken on the following day to the eonnty jail. Here he remained until the Monday morning after, when be was examined before a su perior judge and was committed to the in sane asylum at Highlands. On the 22d of January, 1896, he was released on parole, and returning to this city on Tuesday last he received his final discharge and is once more a free man. Mr. Colter was interviewed yesterday by • Herald reporter, and from him got a story which fully corroborates the rumors of cruelty and mismanagement at the Highland asylum, which have been cur rent for months past. Mr. Colter is a man of more than average intelligence, and he gave his statement fully and freely and without the slightest trace of malice; it was a simple narrative of his actual exper iences in the asylum as a patient, and if the state of affairs is one-half as bad as he states there should be an immediate inves tigation by a commission appointed by the governor with a view to the immediate sup pression of the abuses which are alleged to exist. Of course there ia a general disposi - (ion on the part of the public to pay but little attention to wbat is said by dis charged patients of lunatic asyl ums, or for that matter any public institution, but the results of the investigations of the Bloomingdale and oth er eastern asylums have demonstrated that abuses do exist in asylums, and that the poor irresponsible creatures aro fre quently subjected to tbe most brutal treat ment at the hands of ignorant and vicious keepers, death on more than one occasion having ensued from the violent "disci pline" to which they bad been subjected. This being the case, the charges made by Mr. Colter are worthy of more than pass ing notice, and tbey should be sifted to the bottom, to the end that if they are sub stantiated the abuses complained of can be corrected, and if not, then that the officers in charge can be exonerated. At any rate, the public is entitled to the truth, and no good citizen can afford to go on record as opposing an honest, fair investi gation. Mr. Colter talks like a man telling the truth; he does not spare himself when he is to blame, but gives the facts, whether they are for or against him. He is in full possession of all his faculties; he is an American citizen, and, as such, in the in terest of common humanity, is entitled to a hearing. Not only has Mr. Colter a grievance as to his treatment by the asy lum officials, but there are some matters at tbis end of tbe line which call for an ex planation at the bands of the officers at the county jail, which will come out in the course of bis story. AT THE COUNTS .lAIL "f was walking along Spring street, I think between Third and Fourth, on the L'Sthof September last, 1 " said Mr. Colter, "wben I suddenly fell to the sidewalk un conscious, I was overworked and nervous at tbe time, but was on my way to attend to some business when this occurred. I partially recovered, when I told two men who picked me up where I lived, and I was taken home. I was very violent nt home, yelling and screaming, and alarmed tho neighborhood. Later I became again par tially conscious, but toward evening I again lost my reason and knew nothing until the following day, Sunday, when the patrol wagon came for me. I remember that Sergeant Jeffries was with the wagon. Be fore leaving f dressed myself, with the aid of my wife, in a new suit of clothes which had cost me $-0. I also had a new $5 hat and a $•!.,">(> pair of shoes, and was clean and respectable, even my undercloth ing being new. I have learned that I was very noisy and boisterous during the day at the county jail, but I remember nothing until I came to my senses in the padded cell. My bands were in mufflers, and I was consumed with a burning thirst. I called for water, and after some time a man opened tbe door, but instead of giving me water, cursed at me, telling me to be quiet, and saying that 1 did not know what I wanted. I begged him to release my hands, that I might attend to myself and keep clean, but he paid no attention to my request, merely shoving me back on the floor and telling me to keep quiet. Later I asked for blankets and was told to hunt around the ceil and I would find some. Tbis I did, and, rolling them up for a pil low, laid down and I suppose went to sleep, as I remember nothing more until tiie next morning, when I was taken to the court house for examination. I suppose that I waa boisterous at the court house, but I do not remember much about that. THE ST Alt T FOR THE APVLLM "That afternoon I was taken to the Santa Fe depot,"' continued Mr. Colter. "My wife came to see me off, and noticed that my new clothing and shoes were miss ing and X was dressed in a pair of blue overalls and jumper. My hat was also missing- At the depot the officer was very impatient, and swore at me several times. I also believe that he struck me, but of this lam not certain. 1 was very weak, and on the train tried to lie down, but the officer in charge would not allow this, and roughly jerked me up every time i attempted it, cursing at me. AT THE ASYLUM "I was greatly excited over the treat ment I received, and when I got to the asy lum I was almost wild. I made a fight in tbe car and it took four men to get me into the asylum, aa I fought all tbe way up the steps. Once inside I was taken into a room and stripped, my hair was clipped and they tried to cut off my beard, but I fought so hard that they finally desisted After cutting off about half of it. I was frightfully maltreated and fearing that I would be mutilated for life I screamed in agony, begging them not to kill me. After the bath I waa taken to the sick dormitory in B ward, where I was put to bed. I re member nothing more until next morning when one of the attendants, whose name I afterwards learned was McDonald, came in and asked me if I knew where I was. I told him that I did. that I was in tbe High lands insane asylum. He then asked me what brought me there, wben I replied that I was out of my mind.* 'No', he replied, 'you are here because you are a hobo; you have been exposing the secrets of Masonry, and they are going to kill you.' At this I became greatly excited, fearing th it I had been talking too much, and again flew off. remembering nothing for several days. IN SOLITARY CONFINEMENT. "After several days I was taken out of the dormitory and put into a single room," continued Colter, "and then my real suf ferings commenced. My hands were in mufflers, and I was strapped to my bed so tiiat I could not move, and in this condi tion 1 was left all night, without water and without attention of any kind. 1 frequently begged for water, but no attention was paid to mo, tho attendant merely opening the wicket and dashing his bullseye lan tern in my face. When i became ton per sistent, he swore at me, saying, 'If you don't shut up, yefu d —- , I will come in there and cut your throat.' In the position in which I was it waa impossible for me to keep myself clean, a fact which seemed to bother the attendants very little. This sort of thing continued, with slight variations, for some days; but finally I begged so hard that I was again taken back to the dormitory, where I remained for some days, just how long I don't remem ber. "MORAt, SUASION." "Hut little consideration is ahown patients in this ward," aaid Colter. "Tbe first nourishment that I remember taking was boiled milk, egg and whisky. I re fused to take this on account of the whisky, when tbe attendant, McDowell, yelled out, *You d ,we don't ask you whether you will take it; we will put it down you,' with this, McDowell inserted his thumbs in my eye-sockets, while an other attendant sat on ray legs. The pres sure forced me to open my mouth, and a third poured tbe mixture down my thoat. After this I made no further resistance, as I did not wish to have ray eyes gouged out. On another occasion, when I presisted in J. A. COLTER, THE EX-PATIENT sitting up in my bed and talking, ap at tendant or trusty knocked me down and chocked me, and another time I was al most strangled with a wet towel, which is there a favorite mode of punishment. My neck was sore for weeks. On another oc casion, I kicked one of the attendants, a man weighing 250 pounds, while lying in bed. The man promptly jumped on me, almost crushing me, and administered an other severe choking. I reported tbis to Di. Campbell, but he only laughed at me." " ON THE HALT." Mr. Colter said that despite the ill-treat ment he continued to improve, and was finally taken from the sick ward, and given the liberty of the hall, with the other con valescents. But the abuse did not cease here. Mr. Colter says that one of the at tendants named Gaskey was particularly abusive to the patients. The men sat around the hall on benches, and Gaskey would walk up and down, among them, cuffing and slapping them on the slightest provocation. On one occasion. Colter says that Gaskey, in a fit of passion, struck him on the nose with his clenched fist, bringing blood. Kicks and cuffs, with abusive lan • guage, was the general order of the day, and but little consideration was shown for the feelings of the unfortunates. They were apparently looked upon as animals, by the attendants, and treated accordingly. TAKING NOTES As Mr. Colter improved he was allowed more freedom, which he improved by tak ing notes of what he saw for future use. After awhile he, with the otber patients whose condition permitted it, were allowed the freedom of the "corral." This, Mr. Colter explained, is a yard boarded up, ad joining the asylum, and here the patients were allowed to walk for a couple of hours during the afternoon. There was no abuse in this place, for the reason that there were cracks in the fence, and there were always people about peeping through. It was against the rules for the patients to speak to outsiders, however, and the regulation was rigidly enforced, any infraction being severely punished. When be became strong enough, Colter was put to work in the garden and there he remained for thirty-three days. He then had soma trouble with the attendants, when be was again put bae< into the ward. He reported the way in which he had been treated to I'r. Campbell, but he refused to take any notice of his complaint. Colter says that he refused to be snubbed, and in sisted on a hearing, saying tbat he waa only telling the truth. Dr. Campbell re fused to give him his parole, saying: "So long as you talk that way, just so long will we keep you here." Colter waa especially bitter against Dr. Doian, one of the physicians, who, be said, was very abusive. On one occasion, when he had been given the liberty of the grounds, Dr. Down heard tbat he bad been talking about the management of tbe asy lum, when he came to him and said: "Col ter, you are a low-down, dirty rascal; you are abusing the very men who have treated you best, and if I hear another word out of your mouth I will put you out of the ward and lock you up." , "MEDICAL TREATMENT" Colter says the system of medical treat ment is decidedly unique. On one occa sion, when he had taWed back to one of the physicians. Dr. Nolan, that gentleman ordered one of the trusties to bring the prescription book, and he was pronounced sick and a decoction prepared for bim. In vain he protested that he was not sick, but the doctor would not have it that way, his dignity was hurt, and Colter had to take the physic, although previously he had not taken a dose for nine months. The decoc tion, Colter said, was merely tansy water, a rather nauseating dose, and the bottle was marked "once every hour." After taking one or two draughts he protested, and the trusty who was charged with ad ministering it desisted and he was not bothered any further. When medicine was administered in any of the wards, only one glass was used for all cases, and by the time the last man was reached the medi cines were pretty well mixed. CLOSING OBSERVATIONS Mr. Colter says that while the food is rough, there is plenty of it, and he got fat on the diet. There is really no grouuds for complaint on that score. Some of the attendants are humane men and treat the patients as kindly as they can. Others are brutal in the extreme, and the slightest protest is met with a kick, a cuff or a slap in the face. In case a patient is noisy it is a frequent thing for him to be knocked down, jumped on, and in extreme cases the life is almost choked out of the man with a wet towel. The attention at night is not wiiat it should be, nor do the really sick patients receive that prompt care so essential in extreme cases. The death rate Mr. Colter does not con sider excessive, as there were but six funer als during the time that he waa about tha LOS ANGELES HERALD: THURSDAY MORTTOTO-. FEBRUARY 27, 1896. grounds. The bodies, he said, were put in the dead house, in a pickling vat, where they were sometimes kept for several days, after which they were buried. In regard to the loss of bis clothing, Mr. Colter says that the asylum people laid the blame for that on the Los Angelesounty jail officials. Dr. Campbell had told him that the cloth ing that he wore when he came to the asylum was infested with verraio, and that it all had to be burned. He says tbat be knows he was clean and well dressed when he was taken to the jail, in which statement he is corroborated by his wife. In regard to the alleged investigation by the San Bernardino county grand jury, Mr. Colter says that it was a farce. The asy lum officials had noti-e of the visit, and everything was prepare I for them. The place was cleaned up a 1 the grand jury divided up and walked ti. rough the several wards. The patients were ordered to keep their seats, and forbidden to speak a word while the jurymen were in the building. Of course a favorable report was returned, as there waa nothing else to do. In conclusion, Mr. Colter said that he was willing to appear before any commis sion appointed to investigate the asylum management. He would be able to give names and dates, and could substantiate with proof every statement made by him. He did not wish to be understood as saying that the management did not have many good points, but there were flagrant abuses which should be at once corrected, and brutal and ignorant at'endanta who should be at once removed. This waa demanded in tbe interest of common humanity, and should not be delayed. HE GOT JUDGMENT A Verdict divine Bosqui $115 Prom Theodore Boner All day yesterday was occupied by Jus tice Morrison in hearing the case of Bauer vs. Bosqui, in which the ex-detective sought to recover the sura of $200. claimed to be due for wages as watchman over Bauer's cribs on Alameda street. In his answer to Bosqui'a complaint Bauer alleged that he had at various times given to the former sums of money aggre gating over $2000. In March, 1801, it was claimed $ir>o was paid; April 18th, $100; May 10th, $40, which Bosqui wanted for a suit of clothes. Again on .!unitary 1, 1895, the answer states, Bauer loaned his quondam employe $200 to go back east to bring back Alexander 1 >octer, a fugitive from justice This sum, together with $100 advanced July 20th, and another $100 dug up September 19th last, Bauer claimed had never been repaid him. The answer further stated that Bosqui really owed Bauer $f>oo, but that he waived it all except $209, for which amount lie asked judgment. A great deal of spicy testimony was un folded during the day and the inside work ings of "Little Paree" were fully exposed to public view. In his testimony Bauer characterized Bosqui as a "wolf," who was always hungry and grasping for more. Numerous witnesses were called by the defenae to show the bad reputation of Bosqui for honor, truth and integrity. Among them were ex-chief of police Burns, Kmil Harris and a plumber named Mc- Cullough. All had known tbe li ttle French man for a number of years, and all stated that, to the bost of their knowledge, his reputation was bad. Upon the conclusion of the testimony of the plaintiff, Mr. Davis made a short argu ment for Bosqui, but J. Marion Brooks, who appeared aa attorney for Bauer, sub mitted his case without remarks. The jury after an hour's deliberation re turned into court with a verdict giving Bosqui judgment for $125. Six afternoon cups and saucers of Coal port china cost in tbe neighborhood of $200. Don't use yours every day. § <§> IN. B. Blackstone Co. f <S> mm # ! I DRY GOODS I I <$> _J L_ <§> <S> ....».., # X ~~~~ X f PHI T f <S> IHE NEW WASH FABRICS are ready <§> f $ # y£v> inspection and in the prettiest color <^ I 1 f # combinations you ever saw. 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The Massachusetts Benefit Life Association of Boston hu-ues poliole« $ICO •to $20 000 at lowest possible rates ponslstcnt with safety. Also $300 to *900 on monthly payments, specially adapted to persons of small meani In case of peima nent total disability we ray half the face of policy. Csh surreuder values; non-forfeiture clauae; no restrictions on residence or travel. We wsntjn agent in every town In Southern California. First-cUas inducements, correspondence solicited. J. H. HANtY, General Agent, Carrier Building, 313 W, Third st., Loa Angeles, Cat EXPERIMENT WITH X RAYS Local Electrician* Attempt to Photo graph a la Roentgen The First Trlsl Proved c Failure, But the Ex periment Will Be Repeated-Interesting Bit of Scientific Work An interesting experiment in photograph ing with cathode rays was conducted by a number of gentlemen at the electrical lab oratory of Professor William Lundberg at 383 South Broadway yesterday evening. The same apparatus used by Professor Ko»ntgen of Wurzburg.the discoverer of the curious form of radiation, was employed in the experiment. A high-vacuum Crooke's tube waa attached to a 5-cell battery hav ing' a current of 10 volts and an induction coil of 2000 vibrations per minute. Tbe objects which it was in tended to photograph, a Masonic em blem inclosed in a small paste board box, • small rubber comb and a silver half dollar, were placed exactly IK inches below the tube on the frame containing the photographic plate. Tbe objects were given an exposure of three- 1 quarters of an hour. J. T. Bertrand, the photographer who bad charge of the devel oping of tbe plates, then took them to his gallery at 205 14 South Main street, where they were submitted to the regular devel oping process. Although the experiment was conducted practically the same as those of the discoverer. Roentgen, no re sults were obtained. The plates came out of the dark room foggy. Whether it was due to some slight mistake in the process, or whether the plates were ren dered useless by previous exposure ia not known. Mr. Bertrand is of the opinion that the failure was due to the latter cause. At any rate, no impression what ever was secured. The experiment will be tried again this evening, and every pre caution will be taken to insure success. A GOLO MEDAL Will ba Awarded by ths Nstlonst Oeograph leal Society To such pupil in a public high school in the I'nited States as shall compose and sub mit by October 15, 1896, the best original essay, not exceeding 2000 words in length, on the Mountain Systems of the United States. A certificate of proficiency will also be awarded for the best essay received from each state, provided such essay is of sufficient merit to justify the award. Essays will be received only from such public high schools as formally announce their intention to compete by May LI Ist. All competitors will be required to make a formal certification on honor tbat they have not received aid from any person in the composition of their essays. The adjudication committee consists of General A. W. Greely, chief signal officer, United States army; Dr. T. C. Mendenhall, president of the Polytechnic institute, Worcester, Mass., and Professor W. B. Powell, superintendent of public schools of the District of Columbia. Everett Hayden. Secretary. Washington, 1515 H street N. W. Captured In ssn Franclaco A telegram has been received from San Francisco notifying the authorities here that police of that city have arrested and are holding one E.J. Dole, who is wanted here on a charge of forgery. An officer will go north to bring back the prisoner. WENDELL EASTON, President, GEORGE EASTON, VICE-PRESIDENT. GEORGE D. EASTON, SECRETARY. ANGLO-CALIFORNIA HANK (L'D), TR?ASU»tt r A ?. ,B .r. cttdto AT AUCTIONZ[I^EEE AT IP. M. 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