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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, April 03, 1896, Image 1

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) Seven Papers for 12c L
»\ That is all it costs to read The Herald—the [
i Leading Daily Newspaper of Southern Cal- j*
,? ifornla. Can you spend your m oney in a I
{ better way or get as much for that amount? V•
<$> :
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 175.
THE FIFTY-FOURTH CONGRESS
THE COUNTRY POSTOFPICE THE SUBJECT
OP SENATORIAL DISCUSSION
•peaches Per and Against the Subsidy Sys
teoa—The House Listens to More Fiery
Eloquence on the Subject of Appropria
tions lor Sectarian Purposes
associated Press Special Wire.
Washington, April 2.—The postofflce
appropriation bill served to bring out some
■harp discussion In the senate today on
the propriety of abolishing country post
offices and absorbing them as branches of
City offices. Mr. Gorman opposed the
Slan as undemocratic. He stated that the
laltimore postofflce power was exerted
toward influencing the selection of men
for congress. After a speech by Mr.
Klkins. advocating subsidies and other
means of extending American commerce
on the seas, the postofflce bill went over.
During the day Mr. George closed bis
speech, covering three days, in opposition
to Dupont's claim to a seat. The resolu
tion for investigating the bond sale again
went over on Mr. Hill's objection.
The house bill was passed granting the
Atchison and Nebraska and Chicago. Bur
lington and Quincy railways right of way
through the Sue and Fox and lowa Indian
reservations in Kansas and Nebraska.
Mr. Pettigrew reported the Indian ap
propriation bill and gave notice that be
would ask to take it up Monday. The
postofflce appropriation bill was then
taken up. • Mr. Wolcott offered an amend
ment to regulate the salaries of postmas
ters of sub-stations in cilies. The senator
■poke in favor of the policy of the post
offloe department in establishing metro
politan centers with many minor offlces
surrounding them, as in Chicago and Bos
ton. Mr. Wolcott said the policy had led
to abuses.
Mr. Gorman opposed the amendment. It
was a step toward doing away with the
small fourth-class postofflces and making
them branches of the city postofflces. It
was, said Mr. Gorman, part of the prevail
ing tendency of the world to absorb power
and place it in the bands of a few men.
Those small postofflces were local institu
tions ; the postmaster was one of the local
people, and the people did not want their
offlce absorbed by the great city offices.
Mr. Gorman declared that this consolida
tion was undemocratic and un-American.
"I am loth to take the postofflces away
from the people,'' declared Mr. Gorman,
vehemently. "T*'e entire tendency of the
day is to discredit the people, to take from
them tho powers of government and the
power to name their own servants. When
the people are to have guardians appointed
over them, then this government will be
come a failure."
Mr. Gorman went on to make pointed
reference to the politics involved in this
consolidation. The men who had shouted
loudest for civil service reform were using
this plan as a powerful machine to accom
plish political ends.
Mr. Vilas, Democrat of Wisconsin, felt
compelled to disagree with the senator
from Maryland. He favored the amend
ment, first because it would improve the
postal service to the postofflce system.
He felt that the civil service idea has been
much used for exploitation by persons who
v .ed it to attract attention to themselves,
yet be believed it was the true principle to
maintain- lis uiiuiislsi -institutions — not
Democratic iv the party Bense.
Mr. Vilas went or. to show that postofCce
consolidation was desirable, as the little
country offices were under no supervision
or control.
Mr. Hawley, Republican of Connecticut,
spoke in favor of the old-fashioned rural
postofflces—an institution that was in the
affections and traditions of the people.
This was a move toward making a ma
chine out of the government; it was carry
ing civil service to an extreme. The
amendment was laid aside to allow Mr.
Elkins. Republican of West Virginia, to
speak in support of the subsidy item. He
spoke of the British activity in securing
control of the ocean commerce and of the
Canadian Pacific railroad's violation of the
interstate commerce law, and urged that
the company be disciplined by an aboli
tion of the bonding privilege which it en
joyed.
As a means of reviving our ocean com
merce Ms. Elkins advocated the re-enact
ment of the old law giving 10 per cent
rebate on duties on goods carried in Amer
ican ships.
The postofflce bill was then laid aside,
and at 5:35 tbe senate went into executive
session and soon after adjourned until
Monday.
IN THE HOUSE
Information Asked Regarding the Venezuals
Boundsry Question
The question of the appropriation of
public money for private sectarian in
stitutions, which was debated for several
days during the consideration of the Dis
trict of Columbia appropriation bill, in
connection with some appropriations for
charitable institutions in Washington, was
fought over for four hours in the house to
day. On the former occasions the contest
was managed by Mr. Linton, who is one of
the pronounced A. P. A. members. This
contest was successful, and by a vote of
143 to 135 the bill was recommitted. To
day the bone of contention was tho How
ard university, a colored institution of
Washington, for whicn an appropriation
of $32,000 was inserted in the sundry civil
bill yesterday, on motion of Mr. Evans
(Rep. Ky.). There was no opposition and
no debate on the amendment of yesterday.
Today Mr. Hainer (Rep. Neb.), in whoje
temporary absence the amendment was
adopted yesterday, rallied his forces
against the appropriation on the
ground that it was both a private
and sectarian institution, a school
of theology being maintained by the
university. Tbe appropriation was coupled
with a proviso that no part of it should be
used for religious teachings, but Mr.
Hainer insisted that it could not be denied
that it was in a s«nse a religious institu
tion. Mr. Cannon, Mr. Evans and other
members who supported the amendment
on the other hand declared they were op
posed to appropriating public money for
sectarian institutions, but argued that the
proviso freed it from this criticism. Poli
tics, of course, were injected liberally into
the debate, Mr. Sayers and Mr. Hepburn
being especially prominent. Each insisted
that his party was more particularly the
friend or the black man. The house
voted, 129 to 10n. to retain the appropria
tion, thus, ip a measure, reversing its ac
tion when tbe district bill was up. An ana
lysis of the vote shows that 107 Republi
cans, nineteen Democrats and three Popu
lists voted for the bill and fifty-five Repub
licans, forty-seven Democrats and three
Populists against it. The sundry civil bill
as amended was passed. Tomorrow the
house will take up the conference report
on the Cuban resolutions.
A resolution of inquiry presented by
Hitt, chairman of the foreign affairs com
mittee, was adopted without debate, call
ln f. °n the president, if not incompatible
with public interest, to transmit to the
house copies of all dispatches, notes and
telegrams in the state department from
December 1,1805, until the present time,
relative to mediation or intervention by
the United States in the affairs of Vene
zuela, together with all correspondence
with foreign governments relating to the
same topic. Hitt stated bis committee
had unanimously reported the resolution.
The sundry civil service bill was then
taken up. Under an arrangement entered
into, Mr. Hainer (Republican, Nebraska)
was given an opportunity to attack th<
amendment adopted yesterday appropriat
ing $32,000 for the Howard university.
It was Mr. Hainer who led the successful
fight against appropriation* for sectariai
charitable institutions in the District oi
Columbia impropriation bill.
Mr. I lain .r explained that the amend
ment was adopted yesterday while he was
temporarily absent from the hall and with
out opposition, in a way which makes it
seem probable that it is not obnoxious to
tho appropriations committee. He thought
members had unwittingly agreed to it yes
terday without realizing its far-reaching
character and significance. This was a
private institution and every candid person
must admit that it was also sectarian.
Twice this Hession the house had placed
itself on record against appropriating one
dollar for sectarian Institutions. The bouse
had gone further and bad declared against
appropriating for any private purpose. He
read from the prospectus of the institution
to show that it was a Christian university
and maintained as its most favored depart
ment a school of theology. This was an
institution for the further education of the
colored people. Why should colored peo
ple be given higher education at public ex
pense if white people were not. What
excuse could members give? He favored
higher education, but the government had
no right to single out a particular sect,
race, creed or social class. Favoritism has
no place in any intelligent republic. He
charged that the Institution was engaged
in missionary work in Africa.
"I submit," he said, "that our mission -
ary work had better be done at homo. We
cannot justify our action in appropriating
money for e-angelizing the people of
Africa."
This was an insidious attempt to com
mit congress again to a principle that had
iv the past taken millions upon millions
from the coffers of the government for the
benefit of sectarian institutions. From
1871 to 18DU, in the District of Columbia
alone $13,00(1.000 had been given to sec
tarian institutions. As much more had
gone to sectarian schools.
"If you say," said he, "that everybody
who does a good work i s entitled to gov
ernmental aid, where is the line to be
drawn. There is only one safe ground
and that is to absolutely divorce church
and state."
Members had told him that there were
colored voters in their districts and they
could not afford to vote against the amend
ment. This was a low estimate to be
placed upon a race tiiat had given the
country Frederick Douglass and Booker
Washington. That raco does not want
cajoling. It wants its rights. The col
ored people want to be treated as men
and women because they are men and
women.
Mr. Evans (Republican) of Kentucky,
who had offered the amendment and who
had charge of the time in opposition to
Mr. Hainer, yielded to Mr. Bartlett (Dem
ocrat) of New York, a member of the ap
propriations committee. The gentleman
from Nebraska, Mr. Bartlett, said, not
content with defeating one appropriation
bill through the indulgence of the chair
man of tho appropriations, had made an
attack on this bill, in which he advocated
the proscription of every form of Christian
religion. His feeling toward the Roman
Catholic church led him today to attack
the unfortunate race liberated and raised
to its feet by the immortal Lincoln, in
whose honor the house yesterday appropri
ated $30,000 for the purchase of the house
in which he had lived.
Proceeding, he denounced as terrible
and monstrous this fin de siecle doctrine
being advanced in the house that we
should denounce Christianity and couple
every appropriation bill with a provision
that not a dollar of it should go to the
furtherance of a Christian purpose.
Mr. Cannon followed in support of the
amendment. The appropriation for the
Howard university, he said, was first made
in 1880 on motion of Mr. Monroe of Ohio.
Tbe appropriations committee rejected
the appropriation because the university
contained a theological chair, but when
the amendment was offered with the pro
vision that no portion of the money should
be used directly or indirectly for religious
purposes, the amendment was freed from
Eossible objection. From the standpoint of
road patriotism he believed that the race
who were once slaves but were now free,
though still ignorant, as a means of
self-defense and for the defense of the
white people of the country should be on
conraged in industry and education. Mr.
Sayers, Democrat of Texas, also supported
the amendment and drifted into a sharp
political discussion with regard to the re
spective claims of the two parties to the
friendship of the colored people. Mr. Say
ers called attention to the fact that in the
south colored and white men worked side
by side. The Democratic party in the
south had been tho real friend of the col
ored people. They stood ready now to
vote this money.
Mr. Sayers indignantly denied that the
colored people in the south were deprived
of their rights. He called attention to the
fact that the white people of the south, who
paid nine-tenths of the taxes', maintained
schools for the colored people as good as
those for the white.
A sharp running debate between Mr.
Sayers and Mr. Hainer followed, in the
course of which Mr. Hainer insisted upon
his charges regarding the south, and af
firmed that the races in the north stood on
an equal footing.
"Can they get into the unions in the
north?" asked Mr. Sayers.
"They are on an equal footing with the
whites," replied Mr. Hainer.
"Was any colored boy ever norainsied
as a cadet to West Point or Annapolis?"
"I do not know."
"Did you ever nominate one?"
"The cadets in my district are selected
by competitive examination," replied Mr.
Hainer.
"Oh, yes; we know about the competi
tive examinations," said Mr. Sayers, amid
Democratic laughter.
"Have you ever nominated a colored
boy?" asked Mr. Hainer.
"No," promptly responded Mr. Sayers.
"As now constituted I believe the while
race is the superior man and should domi
nate."
"And you are the boasted friend of tbe
colored man."
"Yes, and a better friend than the gen
tleman from Nebraska."
Mr. Sayers concluded with a protest
against turning the institution out to
starve.
Mr. Hepburn, Republican of lowa, ridi
culed the new champion of the colored
race nnd asked if the university of Texas,
devoted to the higher education, admitted
colored youths.
_ "Frankly, no," replied Mr. Sayers, "but
t.-.e state supports other schools for col
ored people."
Mr. Hepburn ridiculed the idea that the
D. mocrats were the better friends of the
co ired race.
A i illustrating tho sympathy of the south
ern Democrats for the colored race he
drew attention to the fact that the new
constitution of South Carolina provided for
separate schools and that "no child of
either race should ever be permitted to at
tend the school of the other race."
Mr. Johnson, Republican of California,
made a humorous speech against the ap
propriation.
Mr. Moßae, Democrat ef Arkansas, also
opposed the appropriation. He would, he
said, build the wall between church and
state so high that ridiculous fanaticism
would never be able to overleap it.
After some further remarks by Mr. An
drews (Republican) of Nebraska against
the appropriations, Mr. Evans, the author
of the amendment, closed the debate with
an eloquent plea for the retention of the
appropriation. He announced his unalter
able opposition to appropriations for ••>#..
auia opposition, m appropriations for Bee-
Continued on Second Page! "
THE HERALD
LOS ANGELES. FRIDAY MORNING* APRIL 3, 1896.
FAMINE, TYPHUS, SMALLPOX
TELLS THE CONDITION OP THE PEOPLE
OP ARMENIA
The Red Cross Workers Telegraph the Na
tional Relief Association ot Misery In Tur
key Which Passes Human Imagination.
An Easter Offering Asked
Associated Tress Special Wlr*.
New York, April 2.—The national Ar
menian relief committee today received
the following cablegram, addressed by
Miss Clara Barton to the chairman of the
committee:
Constantinople. April 1,1895.
To Spencer Trask, New York:
We have just ordered eight physicians
and apothecaries with medical supplies for
Beyrout, and another caravan of goods
into that terribly afflicted district. All will
be there this week. Hubbell's party sup
plied Aintab and are en route to Oorfa and
beyond. Winter's party not reported;
probably in or near Harpcol. Caravans of
supplies with each expedition. We are
making heavy shipments each steamer.
Sublime porte ordered every facility given
for distribution. Our only hindrance, slow
transportation steamers, fifteen days
apart. Passage to Alexsndretta, southern
gateway to interior, seven days, where car
avans commence through snow and mud.
Easy to telegraph money, but supplies are
exhausted and must b« carried to them.
Mrs. J.eo writes, "Not a yard of cotton in
Marash; smallpox, dysentery and typhus."
No doctors but those we send.
(Signed) Barton.
In addition, there has been received the
following from Marash:
"There are 12,000 refugees here. The
problem of how to help sufferers here and
in /.eitouu comes upon us with crushing
force. The misery is past human imagina
tion. Cold, famine, smallpox. We are
using $500 a week for foud, clothing and
bedding, and it is barely starvation rates.
Cannot more be sent? Do thoso who con
tribute wish us to continue giving at such
a low rate? The medicines of the city are
exhausted and we have sent for more to
Aintah. We forward detailed reports of
all moneys used. Tomorro.w we cut down
one-half of our help for lack of funds.
Thousands of pounds are needed to save
these people from miserable death. When
will it come?"
In response to these pressing demands
the committee today forwarded to Turkey
by cable $10,000. The committee urges
that special Easter offerings, both from
churches and individuals, be sent.
A JOINT DEBATE.
Secretary Smith and Mr. Crisp Discuss Pree
Coinage.
Atlanta, Ga., April 2.—Six thousand
people gathered to-night in the big taber
nacle to hear the second of the series of
joint debates on tbe currency between
Secretary of the Interior Hoke Smith and
Ex-Speaker Charles F. Crisp, Secretary
Smith having tbe opening and speaking
for an hour and ten minutes.
Secretary Smith began by saying he
opposed the free and unlimited coinage of
silver for the same reason that Benjamin
H. Hill had opposed it, and because be
wanted to see genuine bimetallism obtained
in this country.
He rapidly outlined the history of coin
age to show that the commercial value of
gold and silver had regulated the estab
lishment of the legal ratio between the
metals.
The secretary denied that the act of
1873 had caused the fall in the price of
silver. The law of supply and demand
and the cheapening of the cost of mining
had been potent factor* in that deprecia
tion. If the free coinage of silver would
cause the 371 % grains of silver in s silver
dollar to be worth as much aa the 23.22
grains of gold in a gold dollar—if it would
give a real bimetallism, he would be in
favor of it. But he felt ashamed of him
self for presenting such a ease even hypo
thetically. History and common sense
showed that it was impossible.
In remodeling our currency system we
should first fix a stable standard, then re
tire the greenbacks, aa recommended by
( arlisle. give silver the right of way below
$10, and allow state banks the right to
issue notes. He would not undertake to
present a complete plan, but the central
idea must be to have every dollar of equal
value.
The bond issue was necessary to pay
demand notes of tha government.
Secretary Smith concluded by painting
tbe disaster that would result from the
election of a congress and a president fa
vorable to free silver coinage.
Mr. Crisp was given a rousing reception
when he rose. In beginning he said he
wanted to say that "Brother Smith," as he
referred to the secretary, made as good an
argument as he had ever heard in behalf
of a cause so intrinsically weak.
"This joint debate business may be fun
to my friend Smith," he said, "but it's not
fun for me. I'm a candidate for tbe sen
ate and I'm anxious to get through with
these joint debates and get down to bus
iness of a candidate. My friend Smith,
however, is not a candidate for the senate.
He says he has no desire to and I have no
idea that the people of Georgia will force
him to run."
The demonetization of silver caused the
fall in prices, Mr. Crisp contended, and he
recited the reasons therefor.
As soon as the people found out that sil
ver had been demonetized they began to
agitate for its restoration. This agitation
had become a crime in the eyes of tbe men
who had a fixed income which was increas
ing every day. He ridiculed the claim that
the single gold standard was in favor of the
laboring man.
The first administration of Mr. Cleve
land did pay off a large amount of bonds,
but that did not alter the faot that his
present administration, and he said it with
shame, had imposed on the people a debt
that would amount to $500,000,000 before
it was paid.
Generous applause accompanied Mr.
Crisp's close which grew Into a roar as
Secretary Smith rose for his 20-minutea
rejoinder. He declared that Mr. Crisp had
dodged the proposition that you could not
have a bimetallic currency without having
the legal ratio the same of the commercial
ratio. He was willing to rest the whole
cause on that proposition.
The secretary's rejoinder waa interrupted
by frequent outbursts of applause, which
in each caso aroused opposing cheers for
Crisp, interspersed with hisses and cat
calls.
Mails to China.
Washington, April 2.—The entrance of
Chin!, into the universal postal union
would mean the operation of all the regu
larly organized governments of tha world,
save the Urange Free State in Africa, un
der one postal treaty. The adhesion of
China to the big postal compact would
neclisitate the establishment of a regular
doisj'stic postal system in China which
now has only a crude scheme by which
letter* are reeived ut private offlces and
distributed by private carriers.
It would also put the Chinese empire in
regular postal communication with the
rest of the world. The request for an ad
mission will be submitted at next year's
postal congress and on the empire's sug
gestion, following the precedent set by the
Australian colonies, to hn made to take ]
effect immediately, instead of a year later.
A Fireman Burned
Anaconda, Mont., April 2.—Thomas
Brennan was burned to death while en
gaged in putting out a fire this morning.
The blaze was unimportant and was in a
waste flume, which is timbered as a tunnel.
Ashes had been dumped over a part of it,
from which the timbers were ignited. Bren
nan and Tom Smith went into the flume
with a line of hose and a stream of water
was turned on the fire, which loosened the
blaze, and a mass of ashes fell in, filling
the space with steam, cinders and hot air.
The men were able to run to the outer air,
hut were horribly burned and scalded, the
flesh of their arms and hands being in
shreds. Brennan died in the hospital, but
Smith may recover.
Brennan was about ten years ago well
known in athletic circles as the champion
sprinter of the world, having an estab
lished record of 19 secords for 200 yards
at Allensdale, Pa. He was associated
with such nien as R. K. Fox, Gibson, Be
thune, Mattery, Ed Tisdale and other rac
ing men of a decade ago.
Since bis retirement from the path he
was offered big money to visit Australia,
but declined. He was best known in the
west as a trainer of fire department hose
teams for races, and worked in Lead City,
Dakota; San Francisco, Portland, and in
Colorado cities.
THE STEEL MAKERS
The Product to Be Reduced end Prices
Advanced
New York, April 2.—Representatives of
the twenty-one leading manufacturers of
Bessemer steel in this country were in ses
sion here today.
One of the members said there would be
no adjournment until something had heen
done to regulate the amount of production.
It was the intention of the manufacturers
to complete their work as soon as possible
and while it was impossible to say what
the terms would be, each company would
make a certain percentage of the steel for
the coming year, the allotment probably to
be made on the basis of the product of
each company during last year.
The reasons given for the proposed ac
tion are over-production and the conse
quent fall in prices which had made a
combination necessary so that the manu
facturers may continue to run their works
at a profit. It has been reported that the
combine, which includes the makers of
more than one-half of the steel product of
the world, has come to some sort of an
agreement with the makers abroad, and
that prices can easily be maintained in
this way. This is, however, denied by
those present at today's meeting, who de
clare that this country is fully able to take
care of itself and that nothing is feared
from foreign makers.
It is denied that there is any intention to
form a trust or pool.
At the conclusion of the meeting George
T. Oliver, president of Hoinsworth Steel
company of Pittsburg, made the following
statement:
"With the exception of a few weeks last
fall, the manufacturers of Bessemer steel
in tbe United States have been conducting
a losing business for the past three years.
( This has resulted more through the grow
ing influence of the middlemen than on
account of competition between the mnnu
facturers themselves.
"It is not our intention to bring about
any undue advances in prices. The price
whicli has been agreed upon for the pres
ent, $20 per ton, is fully justified by the
strong advance which has taken place
within the past two weeks in pig iron and
iron ore, and it is really doubtful whether,
in view of tbe existing conditions, manu
facturers can make any profit at that
price."
Mr. Oliver admitted with some reluc
tance that another meeting would be held
tomorrow..afternoon. He intimated that
an organization would probably be effected
at this meeting.
ITlner* for Alaska.
Ban Francisco, April 2.—Within two
weeks more than two hundred prospectors
will leave for the gold field of Alaska.
The barkentine Marion will sail about tbe
fifth instant for Cook's Inlet, and the
the steam schooner Albion will sail for the
same place on April 14. The Marian will
take away 100 passengers. The Albion
will carry 125 passengers.
WIRE WAIFS
At the Republican convention for the
Twelfth Massachusetts congressional dis
trict yesterday District Attorney Harris
and Frederick Hall were elected to the na
tional convention. A resolution indorsing
Heed was carried. A motion to indorse
McKinley as second choice was lost.
The Portland, Or., Populist city conven
tion yesterday nominated ex-Governor
Pennoyer for mayor. Tbe Taxpayers'
league convention meets tomorrow, and it
is understood Pennoyer will be endorsed
for mayor. Governor Pennoyer refused to
state whether he would accept the nomi
nation.
Augustus Hoppin of Providence, R. 1.,
who was formerly one of the leading cari
caturists of America, is dead at Flushing,
h. I. He was a member of the Rhode
Island bar. Among the books which Mr.
Hoppin illustrated were The Potiphar Pa
pers, Nothing to Wear and The Autocrat
of the Breakfast Table. Mr. Hoppin also
Wrote and illustrated a number of books.
Work at all the mines in the Cripple
Creek district owned by W. N. Statton. ex
cept the Independence, has been stopped.
About 200 men are thrown out of work.
Mr. Stratum said that freight and smelter
charges on Ilia ore bad been exorbitant,
and he would ship no more until he com
pleted tho large reduction plant which he
is building. About half the force now in
tbe Independence mine will be retained,
doing development work.
A special from Lincoln, Neb., says:
County Treasurer Maxey Cobb, who has
been missing for several days, was found
dead near town yesterday. He had taken
morphine. Financial reverses caused him
to commit suicide. Recently he had set
tled a shortage of several thousand dollars
growing out of the failure of a batik in
which he had placed the funds.
The Pinkerton agency at Chicago yester
day received word of the arrest in South
ampton, England, of Matt Adams, the
alleged defaulting district clerk of Denver,
Col. Adams, it is charged, fled from Den
ver last November with about $40,000 be
longing to the county of Arapahoe and to
various persons. He was a prominent
Mason and Odd Fellow and a G. A. R.
man. The indictments over him in Den
ver are for perjury and for embezzlement.
"Brick" Pomeroy, the noted printer,
editor and promoter, is dying of dropsy at
Blythebourne, L. I. Pomeroy made him
self famous during the war while publish
ing Pomeroy's Democrat at La Crosse,
Wis. His paper had a large circulation
and was noted for its extreme views on
financial and other government question.
He aflerwards founded a paper in New
York with disastrous results.
President Brewer of the Venezuelan
boundary commission came from Texas to
attend the meeting of the committee at
Washington yesterday. All the members
were present und a great deal of business
was disposed of, mainly in the reception
and consideration of reports from individ
ual members upon the results of investiga
tion conducted by them in certain lines in
dicated by the committee.
Several years ago Brunswick, Ga., was
visited by a conflagration which destroyed
it, and yesterday the disaster was almost
repeated. A Are swept away many of the
most prosperous business enterprises of
the city, and for a time it was feared that
the whole town would burn. Loss about
$500,000, and the insurance is placed at
$400,000. The flames started on the
Brunswick & Western railroad wharves,
and within an hour the wharves, two large
warehouses, a number of cars,' including
the freight contained therein, were con
sumed.
NEWS FROM MATABELELAND
HOPE INSPIRED BY THE PROMISE OF
STRONO REINFORCEMENTS
The Matabeles Defeated In Soma Sharp Skir
mishes—The Natives Are Massing at
Various Points sad No Help I* Bxpected
from the Boers
Associated Press Special Wire.
Cape Town, April 2.—News from Mata
beleland is meagre, but there are now indi
cations that the rebellion may be checked
before it has time to spread dangerously
far. Dicpatches received here from Eng
land say that preparations are being made
to send reinforcements of 5000 regular
troops here at short notice, should such a
step be necessary, and it is said that 5(100
additional troops can be hurried here from
India in a very short time. These an
nouncements have had a calming effect
upon the public mind and there is not so
much loud talking on the part of the bur
ghers and their advisars. A delayed dis
patch from Buluwayo. dated Tuesday last,
says that Captain McFarland, In command
of the mounted patrol, bad a sharp skir
mish with a hand of rebellious .Matabeles
at Queen's reef, Dembezzi. The natives
are reported to have attacked the troopers
in fine style, in a hand to hand encounter,
in which they were beaten on", leaving
thirty killed. Captain Mel-arland's party
lost one horse and several white troopers
killed, but the number of the latter is still
in doubt. The patrol, however, made a
gallant stand against overwhelming odds
and had the best of the skirmish.
Three indunas who have arrived at Bulu
wayo from the scene of MacFarlane's
fight with tbe natives report that the young
Matabeles fought tbe troopers against the
advice of the chiefs, and that the younger
warriors could not he controlled.
Another fight has taken place near fn
yata. A number of white settlers who
were seeking refuge in the town were sur
rounded by hostile natives. The whites
made a determined resistance, but all of
them were killed except one man, who
brought the newe to Buluwayo. The na
tives captured thirty rifles and about 3000
rounds of ammunition.
Selous, the hunter and explorer, at the
head of thirty mounted volunteers, when
these advices left Buluwayo, had gone to
Mangwe to escort the mail coach from that
place to the former place. Dawson's patrol
reports that the Matabeles are massing at
Shanglai, Umzengwana, Matoppo and In
yata.
Captain Dawson cautions the authorities
against being thrown off their guard by the
apparent calm and seeming inaction of the
natives. He points out the fact that only
pure-blooded Matabeles are allowed to
join the forces being massed for attack,
and adds that this shows the enemy must
be numerous and confident. The pure
blooded Matabeles fight separately and
with great skill. Consequently Captain
Dawson insists that they will not be driven
out of the Matoppo hills except by a large
and well organized force.
There was a bad scare at Buluwayo early
in the week, owing to the report brought to
that town by some scouts that 2000 Mata
beleß were within twelve miles of Bulu
wayo and threatening to march upon the
place. Hut it now appears they went in
stead towards the Mattoppo bills. The
big laager at Buluwayo has been consider
ably strengthened by embankments of
earth and obstructions of every kind, and
that town is now believed to be impreg
nable. The chief ulimo or god who
first incited the revolt of the Mata
beles has proclaimed himself king of Mata
beleland in succession to the late King Lo
bengula. The son of the last named mon
arch, who is understood to be on his way
to the Matoppo hills, in order to head the
natives, lias not yet reached there, and
when he does, there is likely to be trouble
between his warriors and those of the
newly-proclaimed king. Mr. Cecil Rhodes
had not reached Buluwayo when the fore
going dispatches were sent, but he was ex
pected hourly, and was understood to be
bringing witli him a large force of volun
teers escorting a wagon loaded with arms,
ammunition and supplies.
Nobody here puts any faith in the report
that the Boers have offered to assist the
British in quelling the rebellion in Mata
beleland. When the rumor is mentioned,
people shrug their shoulders and say that
if such an offer was made, it was surely
done in a spirit of sarcasm. The Boers
have important matters of their own to at
tend to jiißt now, and are very unlikely to
take any steps which may strengthen the
hands of the British administrators. Be
sides, it is believed Mr. Rhodes is about
the last man in South Africa the Boers
would help out of a hole.
A MASSACRE REPORTED
London. April 2,—Sir Hercules Robinson,
governor of Cape Colony, has cabled to the
government the details of the massacre of
white men in Inyanti, in Matabeleland, in
cluding Messrs. Handley.Cass and Buford.
Assistant Commissioner Graham was mur
dered by the Matabeles at Inyanion March
27. A general attack upon the whites fol
lowed and they were entirely outnumbered
and almost overwhelmed, being unable to
make any effective stand against the rush
of the native warriors.
They magaged to get hold of a wagon
and with thin they effected a retreat of
three miles. Their flight was perceived and
they wereclo6ely followed the whole of the
three miles. Some three thousand Matabeles
then surrounded the wagon and put a stop
to its progress, and the hard-pressed
whites were brought to their last stand
with nothing left for them but to sell their
lives as dearly as they could. They kept
the forces as long as possible and when
ihe blacks closed upon them a fierce and
desperate hand to hand conflict ended it.
Overborne by superior numbers, six of the
whites were killed. Donovan, the only
survivor of the maesacre, managed to es
cape by hiding iv the long grass and
creeping away undiscovered. Donovan es
timates that fully fifty of the Matabeles
were killed before the party of white men
were overpowered.
Very Moderate Damages
BUTTE, Mont., April 2.—A breach of
promise suit was filed in the district court
here today. The plaintiff is Miss Elizabeth
Reddin of Salt Lake and the defendant is
William L. Ledford, a man past middle
age. Ledford at one lime was arrested as
a vagrant here. Four years ago he got pos
session of a secret by whicli old iron and
tin thrown into highly charged waters from
the copper mines concentrated the copper.
He leased ihe waters (lowing from the
Anaconda and St. Lawrence mines and
since then has heen clearing up $5000 to
$8000 per month. Ledford is a cousin of
the young lady's father and is separated
from bis wife. He met Miss Reddin in
Salt Lake last summer and on the state
ment thai he was free to marry her, and
would do so, accomplished her ruin in July.
She asks $15,000 damages.
Davenport Jailed
Visalia, April 2.—Frank Davenport was
arrested and jailed this afternoon, charged
with complicity with the Lovern gang of
train robbers. He was the young man who
rode with Bandit McCall to tbe scene of
the hold-up a few days before the at
tempted robbery. He has been a hanger
on at Lovern's dive for a long time.
A Rubber Ooode Trust
San Francisco, April 'i.— Within the
next few week* there will hare been con
summated here and in Portland. Ore., a
consolidation of the Pacific coast branches
of four of the largest rubber boot and shoe
* Less Than 2c a Day *
w You can read The Herald, including Its
mammoth Sunday-Magazine Edition, by
* carrier In Los Angeles, or in Southern Cal- *
4 Ifornla towns, for 50c a month—ss a year. A
ftwftt>wwi>fr»tr»«rt><rt>»t>
manufacturing concerns In ths United
States—tbe Goodyear rubber company, the
Boston Rubber Shoe company, the Woon
socket Rubber company and the Bowers
Rubber company, as agents for the Can
dee line of rubber footwear. The consoli
dation will make a trust in the boot and
shoe trade on the Pacific coast, and will
make the combine diet ators in the rubber
boot and shoe market.
INDIAN APPROPRIATIONS
The Bill Completed After Six Weeks' of
Consideration
Washington, April 2.—The senate com
mittee on appropriations completed con
sideration of the Indian appropriation
bill today. The bill has been before the
senate since February 14th. The delay
was occasioned by the committee's ina
bility to reach a conclusion as to the
proper course to be pursued in the treat
ment of sectarian schools for education of
Indian children. The house inserted an
explicit provision that none of the money
appropriated for schools should be used
in support of sectarian schools, but pro
vided for an appiopriation for schools at
Hampton Roads, Va., and for Lincoln in
stitute at Philadelphia. The senate com
mittee did not amend the house pro
visions declaring against sectarian
schools, but struck out tbe appropria
tions for Philadelphia and Hampton
Roads schools—the former $33,000, the
latter $20,000. The senate committee also
increased the appropriation for the pur
chase or lease of school property $100,000,
making a total of $140,000. The purpose
is to supply a means to purchase property
for sectarian institutions for the education
of the Indians. The appropriation for the
support of day and industrial schools was
increased $200,000, making a total of $ 1,
--335,000.
The bill carries an appropriation of $7,
--481,8011, a net reduction of $1,006,038
from the amount carried by the bill as it
passed the house. The total reduction, a
part of which is offset by increases, is $ 1,
--741,5 10. The principal item of increase
is that of $1,400,000, which tbe house ap
propriated for the second payment on the
Cherokee outlet purchase, which the sen
ate committee strikes out. The principal
items ot increase are, $200,000 for day
and industrial schools; $200,000 for the
survey of Indian territory lands, and
$100,000 for the purchase of school build
ings. There aro also separate provisions
for schools for the Sioux, for the Sac and
Fox in lowa, and for the Indians at Flan
dreaux, South Dakota, and at other
points.
The senate also added amendments to
the agreements for cession of territory
recently made with tbe Indians of the Fort
Belknap and Blackfoot reservations in
Montana and those of the San Carlos res
ervat ion in Arizona.
Devil's Lake Landa
Washing ton, April 2.—Registrars and
receivers of the land offlces at Crookston
and Duluth, Minn., are notified in a cir
cular promulgated by the general land
office that 0 oclock, Friday morning, M >y
15th. is the hour for opening their odices
for the entry of Devil's lake Indian lands.
Tne circular particularly enjoins entry of
any lawk in the reservation except tiie
tracts embraced in the schedule forwarded.
Because of errors in tbe survey portions of
the eastern and southwestern boundaries
their re-survey has been necessary and no
entries of the tracts involved will be
allowed until Use re-surveys have been ac
cepted at the general land office and the
plats filed in the local offices. These
lands will be subjected to disposal to
actual settlers only, under the homestead
law, except that proof of five years occu
pancy is required to perfect title. Each
settler is to pay $1.25 par acre In five an
nual installments. Payment for the lands
in excess of 100 acres embraced in one
entry will be included In the whole amount
to be paid in installment.
1 ~
Niagara's Ice Bridge
Niagara Falls, N. V., April 2.—The ice
bridge succumbed to the influence of
spring this morning, and the big, honey
combed hummocks of ice which have been
piled mountain high in the gorge are now
scattered like icebergs all om Lake On
tario at the river's mouth. The last per
son to cross the bridge was the veteran
guide of the American Cave of the Winds,
•John Barlow, who went across safely yes
terday morning. Not in twenty years has
any one crossed the river on ice so late as
April.
Harrison's narrisge
New York, April 2.—The World tomor
row will publish the following: Daniel
Kamsdell of Indianapolis, now at the
Fifth Avenue hotel, is to be one of ex-
President Harrison's two ushers at his
marriage Monday. The other attendant
for the bridegroom will, It is understood,
be General Frank Boeder of Easton. It is
believed Mr. Harrison's children will at
tend the wedding. They had not,however,
up to last night, signified their intentions
in this respect.
Little Rhody'e Election
Provipence, B. 1., April 2.—The total
vote for each candidate for governor is as
follows: Lippitt, Republic in, 28,148;
Littlefleld, Democrat, 17,; 70; Peabody,
Prohibition, 3072) Tin nert. Socialist,
1224; Burlingame, Peoplj's Party, 718.
Another Shortage
Pittsburg, Pa.. April 2.—Another short
age amounting to $30,000 was discovered
today by the committee auditing tiie books
of ex-City Attorney Moreland. The total
amount is now more than $100,000.
STATE NOTES
General Yamagata. the Japanese war
rior, was given a reception yesterday by
the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce.
Many prominent citizens attended, and
felicitous speeches were made.
H. C. Bunner, editor of Puck, left San
Francisco for New York last night in com
pany with liia wife and cousin, Mr. Bun
ner came to California for his health, but
has been confined to bis room most of tbe
time of bis month's stay in San Fiancisco.
He is a very sick man, and his physicians
thought it best for bim to be taken borne.
The Congregational church at Sacra
mento was so crowded last night with those
who bad come to witness the several days'
exercises of tbe Sunday school convention
that it was found necessary to engage an
other building to hold tbe overflow. The
feature of the session was an address by
Rev. E. S. Chapman on How to Teach the
Word. The convention will close this
afternoon.
| It has been proven that Julius Festner,
I n young man arrested at San Francisco,
. Wednesday night, for assaulting a woman,
I is not the strangler who has been at work
j among the disreputable women of the city.
Festner arrived here on March 22nd, some
days after the last murder. He is un-
I doubledly insane, with a mania for attack
i ing women, but, in the opinion of the po
lice, has had nothing to do with the recent
strangling cases.
The Sacramento county grand jury made
a report yesterday to tbe superior court in
I which eighteen accusations were made
| against members of tbe board of supervis
ors. One is to the effect that in 1894-05
I the board failed to advertise for bids for
supplies for county offices. Another is
for failing to advertise for bids
for supplies for the county hospital. Still
another is that the supervisors failed to fix
rates for job printing and for blank books,
as required by law. I be board is also ac
cused of having allowed duplicate and
illegal claims. Separate accusations are
made against Supervisors Curtis and Jen
kins, country members, for collecting ille-
I gal mileage.
CITY PRICB, PER SIWLB COPY, j CENTS
ON TRANSPORTATION LINBS, ( CENTS
CUBAN TOWNS DESTROYED
BY INSURGENTS WHO MADE AN ATTACf
IN THE NIOHT
j
Of the fTany Hundred Residences at Pinar sis}
Rle Scarcely q Score Are Lett Unlnjsrae.
The Filibuster Steamship Bermuda tfl
■ Sorry Plight
Associa! 1-1 Press Special Wire.
Havanwa, Atjril 2.—The capture of Pinar
del Rio and Sa-r.ta Clara by the insurgents,
who occupied 1 hem several hours and left
them in nam: is, is a severe blow to tha
Spanish armies. General Luis Maria
Pando and <ieiieral Ah aro Suarez Valdea,
the military governors of the destroyed
cities, have berin ordered to return to Spain
by General W r-yler. The captain-general
is badly worried over the situation. Bs
thought he had Pinar del Rio so strongly
guarded that ift was absolutely impossible)
for Macro's foirces to break in. But in tha
mi Idle of the night of March 250h they
came and litetally laid the town in ashes.
Of several hundred residences not mom
than a couple cf dozen were left uninjured.
THE (iEBMUDA'S PLIGHT
Philadelphia, April 2.—lf the latest ad*
vices from Puerto Cortez which-noma by
private cablegram prove trustworthy the
filibustering steamer is in a sorry plight.
She is reported to have been seized by ths
government of Honduras for violation ot
the neutrality laws and to have suffered
the confiscation of her entire cargo of
guns, powder, dynamite, machetes, and
other munitions of war intended for ths
Cubans.
What has become of the 170 passengers
of the Bermuda is not known, but Tt is
claimed they were landed on the coast at,
the province of Pinar del Rio. This ia nog
credited, however, as it is plainly stated in-
Puerto Cortez that all bands left tlse rissrif
there and none of them were able to die*
embark in Cuba. Moreover, it would bars'
been practically useless for them to bejvs
landed without the supplies of which Gen.
Maceo is so solely in need. He has now art
army of 0000 men, poorly armed nnd prac
tically without food or the opportunity to
get any because of t lie destruction of all
growing crops by tire.
Representatives of the Spanish govern*
merit are now on their way to Puerto Cortes)
with all the necessary evidence to condemn
the Bermuda and her cargo.
Philadelphia, April 2.—A rumor is In
circulation here that Toraas Estrada Pal
ma, head of the Cuban revolutionists in
this country, and Colonel F. Nunez, one of
the wealthiest and moat prominent Cuban
residents of this city, were among those on
the ISermuda. Since that expedition set
sail Colonel Nunez hail not been seen in
this city, and inquiries as to his where
abouts are unavailing. Airs. Nunez said
tonight: "My husband is out of the city.
When he returns he may have something
to say. We women are all interested in
Cuban uTair*. and it is. not for us to know
where our husbands are at this time. I
know he is safe, and will perhaps be homo
tomorrow."
It is stated 1 lie object of Palma and Nu
nez in going to Cuba is to obtain a personal
knowledge of the condition of affaire on
the island with a view of laying the matter
before the president.
It was also said today that Sergeant
William H. Cox of bail lory A. X. G. P., and
a number of privates in that command
were among those on the Bermuda. Ser
geant Cox is an expert artillery man and,
it is said, was engaged to instruct Cuban
recruits.
A PROJECTED BXPEDITION
New York, April 2.—News has been re
ceived at the Cuban headquarters that •
big expedition is being formed in the vi
cinity of Key West, Ha., for the insur
gents. It is said that large quantities of
arms and ammunition have been smug
gled out of Key West on the schooners
Doll and Pearl. The schooner Martha,
owned by J. F. Horr, ex-collector of cus
toms, has left for Biscayne with a full car
go of arms to be transferred to some
steamer.
IX CASK OF WAR
New York, April 2.—A diapatch to tha
Herald from Madrid says: The Spanish
Transatlantic Steamship company has two
ships they are tilting as cruisers nearly
ready for sea. Each is armed with six 12*
inch breech loading guns, and several rapid*
fire guns will also be added to the arraa
ment. Their speed is from eighteen to
twenty knots. A careful Biudy of her rs*
sources shows that in the event of war with
the United States, Spain could muster
every available merchant steamer she con
trols. Turned into warships they would
furnish about thirty formidable cruisers.
WEVLER HAS HOPES
Madrid, April 2.—ln an interview with
Captain-Ceneral Weyler of Cuba, pub*
lished here, be is reported as saying that
he hoped to end the campaign in Cuba in
two y ears.
EXCITEMENT IN SPAIN.
New York, April 3.—A special to tha
World from Madrid says: Popular excite*
ment has been revived; the Madrid news
papers speak in terms of angry ridicule of
the resolution introduced in the United
States Senate by "that madman. Call," as
they style him. The Enterprisin Caatlan,
seriousiv offers to raise a corps of 12,000
volunteers if the government will arm .equip
carry them across tbe Atlantic and land
them on any coast of tbe United States,
where tbe editor promises to make a raid
into the interior and sustain his guerillas
directly Cuban belligerency is recognized.
The government has not received con
firmation of the report of Maximo Goraea's
death, but Premier Canovas assures ths
Spanish reporters that the latest intelli
gence from Cuba shows that the insurgents
are losing ground and courage so fast the
insurrection would be easily and promptly
suppressed if the rebels despaired of reo*
ognition by the United States.
El Imparcial, on the contrary, com*
monts on a telegram flora its special cor
respondent in Havana reporting that
(•eneral Weyler still thinks a two years'
struggle receessrv to pacify Cuba. That
paper says that Weyler cannot fully carry
out his severe and indispensable policy be
cause he fears the United States would
protest. The article concludes thus:
"The United States wants to protect ths
secessionists, and we must conquer them.
Consequently an understanding with ths
United States is impossible."
Legislative Foolery.
Columbus. 0., April 2.—A novel meas
ure aimed at high theatre hats was enacted
into law by the legislature today. It pro
vides that any manager permitting any
person to wear a hat or other headgear in
a theatre, obstructing the view, shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined
$10.
Prohibition In lowa.
Dcs Moines, la., April 2.—The mulct
law won v decisive victory today in ths
senate, the liquor manufacturing bill being
defeated by a vote of 22 yeas to 27 nays,
with one absentee. Following, as this doss,
the defeat of the question of resubmission,
a few weeks ago, today's vote practically
settled the prohibition fight in this state.
Rejoicing at El Paso
Ei. Paso, Tex.. April a.—The people of
this city and Juarez, Mexico, are celebrat
ing today and thanking President Dial of
Mexico for his declaration in favor of the
international reservoir at this city. It is
believed that acres of land below the city
ou both sides of the Rio Grande, hereto*
fore abandoned, will be reclaimed by irrV
gation.

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