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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, April 04, 1896, Image 1

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Seven Papers for 12c
That Is all It costs to read The Herald—the
Leading Daily Newspaper of Southern Cal
ifornia. Can you spend your money In a
better way or get as much for that amount?
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAIt. NO. 176.
IN CONGRESSIONAL HALLS
TBE HOUSE RESUMES DEBATE ON THE
CUBAN QUESTION
CMrgus Hitt of the Foreign Affairs Commit
tea! Stakes a Temperate and Lozlcal Ad*
4re*j. Advocating tha Recognition of tha
Bslllgesency af the Cubans
Asfeeleted Press Special Wire.
Washington, April 3.—Tha house today
revived the agitation of tbe question of
Cuban, belligerency in connection with the
conference report on Cuban resolutions.
It was not expected that there would be
much debate, but Mr. Boutelle, by his
vigorous opposition, prevented action
today and the chances are now that the
debate will run all day tomorrow. Mr.
Hitt, chairman of the foreign affairs com
mittee, in presenting the conference re
port, made a very temperate speech, in
ihe course of which ho expressed the
greatest confidence that the president,
although the resolution*, being concurrent,
bad no binding effect on the executive,
would not "be so recreant to hi* duty a* to
disregard the expressed wish of congress."
He, m fact, refused to entertaiu tbe sug
gestion that Mr. Cleveland might not rec
ognize the beliglerency of the Cubans as a
result of tha adoption of the resolutions.
In this connection, Mr. Patterson (Demo
crat of Tennessee), who is recognized as
one of the administration leaders on the
floor, made a significant statement.
"If tbe Cuban* are united," he asked,
"in the cause of independence, they are
entitled to autonomy, and if the United
States would Interfere to prevent Spain
from acquiring new territory in this hem
isphere, why aheuld we not interfere to
prevent her from retaining territory by
subjugation?"
Mr. Boutelle, on the other hand, main
tained that It wa* an open secret that the
administration waa opposed to granting
belligerency to the Cubans. There were
'several exciting incident* durihg the
speech.
Thagalleriea of the house were filled to
oay in anticipation of a renewal of the
Cuban debate in connection with the pre
sentation of the conference report on the
Cuban resolution, but the attendance on
the floor was smaller than usual.
Murphy, Republican of Illinois, secured
unanimous consent for the consideration
of tbe bill authorizing the construction of
the third bridge across the Mississippi
river at St. Louis.
The bill wa* passed.
Plckler, chairman of the pension com
mittee, demanded the regular order.
Hitt, chairman of the foreign affair*
committee, thought he ought to antagonize
these bill*, if they would entail debate, in
tbe interest of the conference report on the
Cuban resolution.
"Cuba can wait," replied Pickler, "while
we pass these pension bills." Hitt finally
agreed to withhold his motion if Pickler
would demand tha previous question on
each bill as it wa* called.
On one occasion, when Mr. Erdman
made the point of no quorum, the speaker
made the important ruling that 178 con
stituted a quorum, thus deciding that a
majority of the living members was a
quorum, instead of a majority of the full
membership of tbe house (a point raised
in the Kentucky senatorial fight). This
question had never been absolutely set
tled. In the fifty-first congress. Speaker
Reed held that a majority of a full house
was a quorum. Mr. Richardson called at
tention to the importance of tbe ruling and
asked if tha speaker intended to reverse
bis decision in the fifty-first congress. The
speaker replied that he did. He added
that his former ruling wa* made hurriedly,
on the aide of safety. After thorough ex
amination he had concluded that a major
ity of living members was a quorum. He
cited several •authorities, among others
that of Reverdy Johnson.
Mr. Grosvenor (Republican of Ohio) aaid
he desired at some future time to cite other
authorities.
At 2:25 p.m., Mr. Hitt, chairman of the
foreign affair* committee, called up the
Conference report ou the Cuban resolu
tions.
Tbe report agreed to the senate resolu
tions, the first of which declared, in the
opinion of congress, that a state of public
war existed in Cuba and that the United
States should maintain a strict neutrality
between the belligerents, and the second
requested the president to use his friendly
offices with the Spanish government for
the recognition of the independence of
Cuba.
Mr. Hitt moved the adoption of the con
ference report. After explaining the par
liamentary status and pointing out the
difference between the senate and house
resolutions, Mr. Hitt proceeded.
Mr. Speaker, the two resolutions which
your conference committee have agreed to
and now report, propose first that we
should accord to the people of Cuba bellig
erent right* and second, tender friendly
offices to the Spanish government for the
recognition of Cuban independence.
These resolutions passed the senate on ths
28th cf February by a majority of 58
votes. On the 2nd of March the house
adopted in place of them by 245 majority
three resolutions, the first of which pro
posed the recognition of belligerent rights,
the second, the use of our good offices and
friendly influence in the establishment of
a government by the choice of the people
of Cuba; and third, that we should be pre
pared to protect the interests of American
citizens in Cuba by intervention if neces
sary.
"It will be seen that each of the first
resolutions proposes a recognition of bel
ligerency. The second resolution as we
adopted it, was in more cautious form tflan
the senate resolution, and Spain could not,
unless persistently seeking a quarrel, have
resented suoh a proposition, while the
resolution of the senate, proposing inde
pendence, was more exposed to captious
objection.
"A proposition from one nation to an
other in ordinary peaceful time to recog
nize the independence of a part of it* terri
tory would be offensive; for example, a
proposition by Great Britain to our govern
ment to recognize the independence of
New England or California. But when a
war between a parent government and a
dependency has been going on for a con
siderable time and separation is the best
solution of the war, the mediation or
friendly counsel of another nation to end
the existing struggle by recognizing inde
pendence may bo a friendly act. In cases
almost precisely parallel, where Spain was
at war with her dependencies on this con
tinent in the early part of this centAry, our
government did, in fact, take the very
steps proposed in this second resolution.
During the presidency of Madison Spain
was at war with her American colonies.
The colonic* refused to open any negotia
tion* unless the acknowledgment of their
independence was made its basis, and a
little later President Monroe said: "To
promote that result [independence] by
friendly counsel* with other powers, in
cluding Spain herself, ha* been the uni
form policy of thia government."
In hi* message of 1821 he repeats this
language a second time, almoat the lan
guage of this second resolution. Again,
during the ten-year struggle between Spain
a»d the people of Cuba from 1868 to
i» i T.j n ' « r * nt through our minister at
li2r'"?l.!' tc *** i the a"*** l office* of tbe
United States to bring that War to a close
So b *sis of Cuban independance,
pain to be paid an indemnity which the
United States should guarantee.
The unmistakable voice of tbe people
vf the United State* aa expressed in tbe
enormous majority given in this House
(262 to 17) is in favor of recognising tbe
belligerency of the Cubans. It Is against
this that all the Spanish influences in this
country are most strenously exerted. It i*
to this hope of recognition of belligerency
that all Cubans and friends of Cuba turn.
The reason is plain. They know it would
be of importance and inestimable assist
ance to the Cuban cause. It would give
them a flag; it would give them a status in
the world. If they procured a vessel and
entered New York harbor tomorrow with
their lone star flag they would be liable to
be treated as pirates.
But with a recognized flag they could
enter as the ship* from all countries do.
They could buy munition* of war openly;
they could buy supplies of every kind.
The Spanish government buy* munition*
of war at Hartford and at Philadelphia
buys supplies, load* ships—in fact, the
United States is today the base of opera
tions in a furious war to crush those who
are struggling for liberty, and our govern
ment has been busied for a year in obey
ing the intimations of the Spanish minis
ter.
The success of the Cubans Is now prob
able. They have fought on successfully
for a year, each month and eich week
pressing forward, bringing province after
province under their power, until their
authority has extended over 600 miles
from the eastern to the western end of the
ialand, and the Spaniah forcea are today
largely penned in the cities.
The million white peeple of Cuba once
organized into an independent government,
will soon settle into a stable condition and
enter upon a career of prosperity. Ameri
cans who are descendants of those who
struggled through a contest against tyran
ny like that today in Cuba should not be
false to the memory of their fathers or the
traditions and spirit of their history.
We are under no obligations to favor
Spain and oppression as against Cuba and
freedom. Remember how Spain invaded
and seized upon Santo Domingo when the
United States was engaged in the war of
the rebellion. It was disclosed in the de
bates in the Spanish cortes afterward that
that occupation of Santo Domingo was
entered upon expressly to thwart the influ
ence of the United States and prevent our
obtaining a station at Samana.
When this vote has been given, as it will
be, overwhelmingly by this house, concur
ring with the Senate in expressing the will
of the people of the United States, we can
not doubt the executive will act and obey
the voice of the nation and that we will
speedily hear that the president has rec
ognized the belligerency of the struggling
Cubans.
Mr. Swanson (Democrat of Virginia)
asked if these resolutions would oarry with
them the recognition of Cuban belliger
ency.
Mr. Hitt replied that they would not of
themaelves, but he had no doubt that they
would lead to the recognition of tbe Cubans
by a presidential proclamation.
"I do not believe," said he, "that the
president would be so recreant to his duty
aa to disregard the expressed wish of the
representatives of the people. I have
faith that the president is the agent of the
people and their representative, not their
ruler." (Loud applause.)
The conference committee, he explained,
in answer to a question, bad no power to
change the form of the resolution from
concurrent to joint, so as to compel affirm
ative or negative action by the president.
"The Cuban people," continued Mr.
Hitt, "are earnestly devoted to the cause of
independence. They regard Spanish rule
with the utmost detestation."
"The people of Cuba," said Mr. Patter
son, " are practically united in the cause
of autonomy; in my opinion they are en
titled to it. and if this government would
jnterfero to prevent Spain from acquiring
territory in continents of this hemisphere
or the contiguous islands, I do not see why
the United States should not interpose to
prevent Spain from retaining territory by
subjugation."
Mr. Hyde asked Mr. Hitt whether, if the
president refused to take any action on the
resolutions, their effect would be nothing.
Mr. Hitt replied that he declined to en
tertain such a hypothesis, a response that
was greeted with tumultuous applause.
Mr. Boutelle, Republican of Maine, who
has steadily opposed the passage of any
Cuban resolutions, then took the floor. He
said he had never regretted his course, and
he thought his attitude had been vindicat
ed by subsequent events. This proceeding
was a remarkable illustration of "how not
to do it."
The resolution* had no legal effect. They
amounted to nothing. That had been pro
claimed in the senate and was well under
stood here. The chairman of the foreign
relations committee in the senate admitted
that the resolutions when brought back by
Ihe committee were as dead as Julius
Ctesar. They could never have passed the
senate, and therefore the house conferees
thought it was wise to sunender.
Mr. Hitt denied emphatically that it had
ever been admitted in the senate that it
would have been impossible to pas* them
again in that body.
Mr. Boutelle, continuing, argued that
public ardor on tho subject had measur
ably cooled and that there was no demon
strable proof of the existence of the fact of
Cuban belligerency. He taunted the com
mittee with having refused to make the
resolutions joint, and insisted that it was
clearly understood that the president did
not favor belligerency. He did not pretend
10 voice the whole public sentiment of the
country, but he did represent the conserva
tive element that deprecated foreign broils
that might eventuate in a foreign war.
Mr. Boutelle created much amusement
by a sarcastic description of the president's
twist of the British lion's tail in hi* Vene
zuelan message. He painted Mr. Cleve
land in battle array, with plumes stream
ing and sword clanking, marching down to
the seashore and shaking hi* fist at John
Bull, crying:
Fee, fl, fo, fum I
I smell tho blood of an Englishman!
"Four days' afterward," continued Mr.
Boutelle,'"just as we are preparing to
pack our grips and go home for our Christ
mas turkey, this great warrior, with
plumes broken and spurs tangled in hi*
trousers, dragged himself up the steps of
the capitol and made his Macedonian ap
peal, The treasury* bankrupt; for God's
sake, gentlemen, don't go home until you
have given us money enough to tide over
the holidays.'
"That," said he disgustedly, "la what
you call a vigorous foreign policy."
In support of hi* contention against the
recognition of belligerency, Mr. Boutelle
read from the messages of General Grant
and charged that it was the boast of the
revolutionists that they had burned and
destroyed crops,lleitis and villages in order
to drive the people into insurrection.
After he concluded, Mr. Smith of Michi
gan secured a minute in which to read the
declaration of the Massachusetts Republi
can convention on the Cuban question.
Mr. Skinner, Populist, of North Carolina
closed the debate for the day with a brief
speech in favor of the adoption of the con
ference report.
Without action, at 5:10 the house took a
recess until 8 oclock.
At the pension session of the house to
night several members attacked Mr. Krd
man, Democrat of Pennsylvania, a mem
ber of the invalid pension committee, for
blocking pension bills. Mr. Krdman, in
hi* reply, declared that he favored mer
itorious bills, but that he bad opposed and
would continue to oppose bill* to pension
teamatera, camp followers, photographers,
deserters and others who were not justly
entitled to pensions. He referred to the
pension bills passed without debate this
afternoon (over thirty in number) aa a
feaat spread by tbe house for the benefit of
deserter*, photographer* and bounty jump
era. Eight bills were favorably acted upon.
Among them waa one to pension the widow
of Brigadier-General Edward Jordine.
THE HERALD
LOS ANGELES. SATURDAY MORNING* APRIL 4, 1896.
THE REBELLION IN CUBA
POLITICAL PRISONERS ARE SHOT BY
THEIR SPANISH CAPTORS
Reports Fran deny " Sources at Atrocities
Committed by Spsnisk Authorities In
Cuba—lnsurgent Prisoners Ar* Tenured
and Innocent People Killed
Associated Press Sneetal Wire.
Tampa, Fla., April 3.—Letters received
from Cuba today state that last Tuesday
seventeen political prisoners were shot in
the fortress Cabanas in Havana, and that
twenty-live were to be executed on Wednes
day. The plantation Eaperanza de Ces
pedes, in Santa Clara, has beefi totally
destroyed. It was valued at half a million.
It is rumored that a battle occurred In
Pinar del Rio Tuesday, between the force*
of Maceo and Colonel Saurez, in which the
latter was seriously wounded.
Louis Martinez y Vigner, the American
citizen arrested March 26, in Havana,
write* that he will probably be sent to
prison at Ceuta, Africa.
TORTURING INSURGENTS
Clevt.lan n, 0., April 3.—The stotie* that
have been told concerning the tortures in
flicted by the Spaniards in Cuba are more
than confirmed by Mr. F. H. Taylor, who
ha* just arrived in this city after a resi
dence of three years in Havana. In an
swer to inquiries regarding the truth of the
circulated reports, he said:
"The worst has not been told. I have
known of prisoner* being strung up by the
thumb* at Moro castle and left for days at
a time to the mercy of tho vicious flies,
which were attracted by molasses smeared
upon the victims' faces and cheat* for that
purpose. Many other forms of torture are
practiced bpon the unfortunate rebel*
when taken. These outrages against hu
manity do occur, as any citizen of Havana
can testify. In fact, if they would allow
■ome of the persecuted men in the dun
geons to testify stories of fiendish torture
could be unearthed which would shock the
Christian world."
KILLING INNOCENT PEOPLE
Chicago, April 3.—A special to the Trib
une from Key West, Ha., says: Jose
Ramon del Valle, a Spaniard who has been
alcalde of Jovellanos, Matenza* province,
ha* resigned and is here with hi* family on
the way to Mexico. He says that it was
impossible to longer endure the outrage*
committed by Spanish troops. Senordel
Valle is a man of culture and intelligence
and ha* no leaning toward tha insurgent*.
He say*:
"Tho Spanish troop* are killing inno
cent people right and left. Tha people of
Havana have no idea what atrocities are
being committed. The troops pillage
stores, residences and estates of unarmed
men. They are more to be feared than
the insurgent*. There 1* no safety for life
or property outside of the cities and large
towns.
"While Vicuna's column waa at Jovel
lanos three week* ago they met three men
on tha outskirts coming toward the town
on the main highway. The men were un
armed. They were halted and asked for
their paper*. They had none and were
immediately (hot.
"Ten day* ago a detachment of mounted
guerilla* under Lieut. Paula while near
Jovellanos came upon two laborers at work
in a bed. The laborer* shouted 'Viva
Spain' as the troops' approached, but the
latter fired a volley, missing the laborers,
who threw themselves on tho ground.
This instance , came under my peraonal
observation while I waa alcalde or mayor
of the town of Jovellanos."
SPANISH REINFORCEMENTS
New York. April 2. —A special to the
Herald from Madrid says: A. rumor is in
circulation here to the effect that the
United State* would send a squadron to
Barcelona if Spain continued her naval
preparation* agaioit Cuba. The rumor i*
so persistent that the following ministerial
denial has been issued:
"The ministry emphatically deny that
there is any foundation for the rumor that
international difficulties have arisen which
impede the tending of a squadron to Cuba
or the arming of transatlantic steamers aa
cruisers." It ia said that two of these
ships will start immediately with their full
armament.
The return of Gen. Pando is generally
considered to be due to a disagreement
with General Weyler. He is not in ill
health.
AN ACCURATE SUMMARY
New Orleans, La., April 3.—The Pica
yune's special Havana letter, dated March
27th, give* this summary of event* per
sonally investigated by the writer, which is
declared to be accurate in every respect.
In Bainoo Dr. Vidal Sololongo made an
operation on a poor old man, and when he
was convalescent he was one night arrested
and taken to the armory of the Guardia
civil, where they lashed him all over the
body and compelled him to make a grave,
where they buried him after he died from
ill treatment. On the plantation Salvador
of the Count Baregota, a Cuban by birth,
belonging to the troops of Gen. Aldeooa,
shot to death, after hacking him with hi*
machete, a defenseless colored resident
who was on his way to join his family.
In the city of Batanabo the chief of
police and other local authorities arrested
three individuals and took them on the out
skirts where they were butchered and left
dead on the roadside, the murderers bring
ing in the report to the city that the insur
gents had killed the men.
In the village of .Sin Kelipe soldiers, un
der command of Col. Galbis and Col. Li
nares, captured three inoffensive laborers
and hacked them to pieces amid the
laughter of the troops. In tho city of Be
jufal, Brigadier Calixto Ruiz was waited
upon by seven Cuban insurgents who
wished to surrender, as they were suffering
from bilious fever. He welcomed them
and assured them they would not be
troubled. However, the following day
they were taken out and shot.
With Colonel Marque* de Corvera will
eternally rest the honor of having entered
a town and giving his soldiers orders to
■hoot everyone, no matter who they were.
As a result the women and children, the
sick and the dying, were butchered with
steel. This has happened again .at Lu
natic San Jose, Carral Falso and Jesus del
Monte.
In Guata alone. I am informed by reli
able source*, the number of killed, in
cluding men and children, waa forty-seven
persons.
Lieutenant Corral y Pedroso, of a cavalry
battalion, made the statement In the pres
ence of various person*, that he killed
every Cuban he could get hold of.
The Rev Father Cuervo y < anonigo said:
"I believe that all the Cuban* possible
should be killed off and clear the country,
and in that manner mane room for fami
lies which would be brought over from
Spain to Cuba. Tha negroes and mulatoes
should all be killed off silently and without
exciting any comment, and their property
confiscated."
River and Harbor Bill
The river and harbor appropriation bill
was finished today by the house committee,
which has been working on it moat of the
session. The total amount carried by the
bill is a few thousand less than ten rail
lions, or about a million below the bill
passed by the last congress.
There are also provision* for contract
works to amount to fifty millions. Among
the appropriations are the following:
California-Oakland, $100,000; San
Diego. $40,000; San Luis Obispo. $32,
--000; Wilmington, $00,000.
Oregon— Yaqulna bay contracts, $1;000,
--000; continuing, $25,000; Coo* Bay an
trance, $90,000; dredging, $14,390; Port
Orchard, at Graveyard point, $203,000
authorised, and balance of .appropriation
for harbor of refuge on Pacific coast to be
used at thia point; Tillamook bay and bar,
$17,000; Gray* Harbor and Bar Entrance
contracts, $990,000; continuing, $10,
--000; Olympia. $32,000, and survey of
Dcs Chute* river, Everett, $20,000.
At one time there wa* an authorisation
for contract* for San Pedro and Santa
Monica harbor*, California, but the fight
made by representative* of these rival
point* was so bitter that their allowances
were stricken from the bill.
For river*: California—Sacramento and
Flathead river*, $250,000; San Joaquin,
$20,000.
Oregon—Lower Willamette and Colum
bia. $50,000; Coquille, $20,000: Sinslaw,
$27,000; upper Coquille. $12,000; upper
Willamette and Yamhill, $20,000, and
contracts authorized for $200,000; Colum
bia below Tongue point, $50,000.
Washington—Puget sound and tributary
water*. $25,000; Swinoraish slough, $25,
--000; Columbia river at Vancouver, $25,
--000.
A FATAL FLOOD
Destruction and Death Wrought by ■ Claud
burst In Kentucky
Cincinnati, 0., April 3.—A special from
Booneville, Ky., say*:
A cloudburst on Little Sexton and Buffa
lo creek* did great damage to property,
and it ia thought probably sixteen persons
were drowned.
Sexton creek riaea near Burning Springs
and is one of the feeders of the soutn fork
of tbe Kentucky river. It flows in some
places through deep gorges.
The cloudburst occurred up in the gorges.
The water gathered in a moment and the
wild flood poured down in a solid wall, car
rying death and destruction in its path.
Five people were drowned by the Little
Sexton.
Buffolo creek is even more crooked and
tortuous than Little Sexton and by its
actions after the burst nine people are be
lieved to have lost their lives. A great
many logs were hurled down with the tide
and these speedily knacked the cabin* and
outbuildings to pieces. Nine people were
killed.
On Sexton creek and it* tributaries Aye
were drowned. Jackson county suffered
deavily, a* did Clay and Owsley. It was
the most disastrous Aood iv years, and
came so quickly that it ia a wonder any of
tbe valley people escaped.
STEEL PRICES
Tin Plats flanulacturers Cannot Stand a
Raise
New York, April 3.—There wa* a con
tinuance today of the conference of steel
manufacturers of the United States at the
Hotel Waldorf. As was the case yester
day, all outsiders were excluded. The con
sensus of opinion waa that an advance
would probably be agreed to in the price of
everything made of steel.
Before the conference began today the
steel manufacturers were waited upon by
a committee from the Tin Plate associa
tion. The tin plate manufacturers desired
that a discrimination be made in their
favor, a* they contended that should the
advance in steel bars be applied to them,
the American tin plate industry would be
seriously affected. Secretary Jarrett, who
acted as Spokesman for the tin plate man
ufacturers, asserted that foreign tin plate
would, regain all it had lost if the price of
steel was advanced with reference to the
home industry. The tin plate manufac
turers were informed that their contention
would receive due consideration.
Robbers In Jail
Sacramento, April 3.—During the paat
year the street cars of the city have fre
quently been held up by masked men and
the conductor* and motormen robbed. To
night two of tbe robber* are in jail and the
other will be behind the bar* before day
light. One of them ha* made a complete
confession. The men were captured
through the efforts of Sheiiff Johnson and
his deputies. The two men in jail are Fred
Townsend, who made a confession tonight,
and a man named Baker. The third is L.
L. Callendine. (sheriff Johnson left for
Marysville to arrest Callendine. The lat
ter gained considerable notoriety a few
month* ago by killing .lack Harris, son of
the late detective, l.en Harris. The killing
had a sequel last week, when Callendine
was married to Mrs. Harris at Marysville.
Poor Billiards
New York, April 3.—There was a very
slim attendance at the Madison Square
Garden concert hall tonight to witness the
fifth game of international 18-inch balk
line billiard*. Tbe contestants were Jake
Schaefer of Chicago and Alfred Gamier of
Belgium, the recognized French champion.
Both men played poor billiards and
"goose eggs" were frequently recorded.
Schaefer, 600; highest run, 132; aver
age, 26 2-23.
Gamier, 203; highest run, 35; average,
9 6-22.
The Trusted Bookkeeper
Stockton, April 3.—Sheriff Cunningham
wired today from Port Harford that he
had captured Eduard C. C. Nielsen, the
trusted bookkeeper for the firm of Thomas
Sz Buell, who recently left here. He is
charged with embezzlement. He appro
priated from $50 to $250 a month from
the firm's funds, and is thought to have
made away with about $16,000 altogether.
They Had a Row
Stockton, April 3.—Mrs. Vaccaressa,
who is in jail on suspicion of having killed
her husband because of his brutal treat
ment, has been charged with murder, but
she does not seem to be much affected by
the situation. She has told something of
the quarrels they had and acknowledged
they had a row the night before his death.
WIRE WAIFS
P. J. Clark, who committed battery upon
ex-Governor Hughes of Arizona last Mon
day, was tried by jury in justice's court at
Phoenix yesterday ami acquitted. The
defendant did not deny the assault.
A warrant was issued at Solomonville,
Ariz,, yesterday by the United States com
missioner for Laura Aguirre and M. F.
Chappa, the so-called revolutionists tried
and discharged at El Paso last week.
Thomas Wharton, Sunday Editor Phila
delphia Times, fell from the fourth story
window of the house in which he lived yes
terday, and was instantly killed. It is
generally believed he committed suicide.
Wharton was 37 years old and widely
known because of his literary ability. He
wrote several novels, best known of which
are "A Latter day Saint" and "Hannibal
of New York".
Miss Clara Barton, president of the
American Red Cross society, is much dis
turbed on account of reports circulated in
the United States that Red Cross relief
work is being controlled by the Turks.
This is not the case. The Turkish govern
ment allows the agents of Miss Barton to
distribute the relief funds, the only stipu
lation being that it must be done in the
presence of Turkish officials.
Baliington Booth has decided to name
his paper the Volunteer Gazette, it is to
contain sixteen page* of three wide col
umn*, and will make Its first appearance
on Saturday. April 11th. The leading ed
itorial in the first issue will give a de
tailed account of the Volunteer movement,
over the signatures of Baliington and
Mrs. Booth. Among other things it will
aay:
"The volunteers' warfare is not to be
looked upon in any sense as a split or an
effort to disrupt forces of the movement to
which, until recently, we belonged. We
have not thought to call to our aide any of
tbe associates atill standing and believing
in the international organisation."
THE EGYPTIAN QUESTION
THE EXPLANATIONS OP M. BOURGEOIS ARE
DECLARED INADEQUATE
A Resolution Refusing a Vote st Confidence
In the Government Introduced and Passed
—An Explanation Offered el tha Resigna
tion af M. Berthelot
Assoolated Press Special Wire.
Paris, April 3.—ln anticipation of a
lively debate upon the foreign policy of the
government, the senate waa crowded today
and many deputies, aa well as moat of the
ministers, were present.
M. Doumer, as minister of finance, sub
mitted a bill providing for the Madagascar
credit*. In supporting the proposal of M.
Bissenit to defer interpellation* until after
the holidays, the premier, M. Bourgeois,
declared he could not add to the explana
tions on the Egyptian question which had
been furnished on Tuesday. He added
that the government yesterday had ob
tained by a vote of tbe chamber of depu
ties proof that the majority of that body
were assured it had sufficient authority to
pursue the pending negotiations and a
vote in the senate today might lesson the
authority given by the chamber of depu
ties and, therefore, he begged the senate,
in the name of France, to postpone all in
terpellations until the re-assembling of
parliament. In spite of this appeal a mo
tion to defer the interpellations was de
feated, whereupon M. Bourgeois declined
to reply to them.
M. Milliard stated that the explanations
of M. Bourgeois were as inadequate in the
chamber as in the senate. He added that
the resignation of M. Berthelot, the former
minister for foreign affairs, had deceived
no one. All the world, he asserted, under
stood M. Kerthelot's retirement was an ad
mission of blunders committed. Continu
ing, M. Milliard said that it waa impossible
to approve the position to which France
had been reduced during the last five
months, both in Egypt and in Madagascar.
The internal policy of the government, he
insisted, waa not calculated to increaae the
prestige of France abroad. Thereupon M.
Milliard introduced the following resolu
tion :
The senate, noting tbe declaration of the
government that it cannot add to its ex
planation* of Tuesday (on the Egyptian
question) and considering these explana
tion* insufficient, refuse it a vote of confi
dence.
The resolution was adopted by a vote of
105 to 85. All the ministers left tbe sen
ate after the passage of the vote of non
confidence, and the senate almost immedi
ately adjourned until April 21.
After leaving the senate chamber the
ministers met at the yuai d'Orsay, In or
der to discuss the situation. They sep
arated at 6 oclock but maintained secrecy
in regard to the session.
At the close of the discussion, however.
M. Bourgeois went to the Elysee palace in
order to see the president.
BERTHELOT's RKSIONATIOS
London, April 4.—The Paris correspond
ent of the Times claims to have the best
authority for the following explanation of
the resignation of M. Berthelot as minis
ter of foreign affair*:
"It appears," he says, "that after M.
Berthelot'* speech of March 19, which
pledged in a definite way the policy of the
government regarding Egyptian affair* and
left nothing untouched upon, the Russian
ambassador. Baron de Mohrenheim, made
a communication to the French govern
ment, in which, after formally declar
ing that he had scrupulously ab
stained from interfering in tho domestic
affairs of France, he pointed out that the
present question was one of absolutely in
ternal interest, in which the commission on
action of France and Hussia would natur
ally be sought. Consequently, it seemed
surprising that such a declaration should
be made in the chamher without having j
communicated with the reprerentative of
Russia, which left him no longer able to
frankly express an opinioc.
"Prince Lobanoff-Rostov-ky. the Russian i
minister of foreign affairs, hastened to ap
prove the attitude of the Russian ambassa
dor.
"At the cabinet meeting on Saturday M.
Bourgeois communicated the foregoing to
his colleagues in the ministry. It is un
known what occurred at the cabinet coun
cil but that M. Berthelot, after announcing
his intention to resign, quitted the council
and has not returned to the Quai d'Orsay
since."
Arrested and Jailed
El Pvso, Texas, April 3.—Hon. Israel
M. King of Silver City, N. M., a member of
the New Mexico legislature and a big cat
tle man, was arrested in Juarez today
without legal complaint or processes of
law by tho Mexican police. He must stay
in jail five days, the local city judge says,
until his bonds can be approved at Chihua
hua. Some personal enemy accused King
of stealing Mexican calves and driving
' cattle over the line at Palomas, where he
; has hills of sale for all such stock. Tho
I arrest here is denounced as an outrage.
I An appeal will be made to Washington.
A Captured Crook
New York, April 3.—Charles Johnson,
| alleged to be one of the letter box robbers
> who operatetl in most of the large cities of
'the Inited States, is a prisoner here with
J a bullet wound in his wrist. Last night
1 officers discovered three men trying to
j force an entrance to a house in east
I Eighty-fourth street. The men ran. The
! policemen fired at the fugitives, one of
whom was hit. This man and one of hi* j
companions were euight, while the third
escaped. The wounded man was identi
lledas Johnson, against whom are pend
ing numerous complaints.
Johnson is 42 years old and has served
| several terms of imprisonment for litgh-
I way robbery and swindling. In IS!H he
i joined Billy Hamilton, Charles Fisher and
Steve Boyd in an expedition to England,
purposing a wholesale swindle of batiks
there. Hamilton presented a forged order
for a check book for Adams, Gil Allan oc
Co., at the bank of Scotland, in London,
was arrested and sentenced to three years'
imprisonment. As Hamilton was the
"scratcher" or penman, his loss broke up
the combine and the others returned to
America. Hamilton was pardoned very
sooti as consumptive, and got back to New
York in IS!>4, in time to join the mailbox
robbery combination of wl i?h four mem
bers. Kelly, Whelan, Hamilton and Wal
lace himself are now behind prison bars,
while Boyle, another member, is dead.
Charles Fisher, a seventh member of the
box robbers, who was am sled with Wal
lace iv Cincinnati, contrivoa to escape.
Honors to Americans
Washington, April It.—President Crespo
of Venezuela has taken another step to
ward the. conspicuous honoring of Amer
ican citizens by issuing a decree directing
the erection of a bronze column in honor
of the citizens of the United States who
aided Venezuela in the first struggle for
independence. Venezuela has honored
this government heretofore by erecting a
statue of Washington, and projecting an
other statue to President Monroe, com
memorative of the Monroe doctrine.
The decree states that the column is a
memorial to the following citizens of the
United States: Captain Donohue, Lieu
tenant Billop and Privates James Gard
ner, Charles Johnson, Gustavus Bu-
Srud, Paul T. George, Daniel Kemper,
tiles T. Hall, John Ferris and sub-Lieu
tenant Parquharaon. The decree further
recites the service* of these men who
joined Miranda in an expedition leaving
* Less Than 2c a Day *
■a You can read The Herald, Including Its
mammoth Sunday-Magazine Edition, by
* carrier in Los Angeles, or in Southern.Cal* *
£ ifornia towns, for 50c a month —$5 a year,
ft ft ft ftftftftftftftftftftftft» A
New York in 1805 for the avowed purpose
of freeiog Venezuela from the Spaniahrule.
The party was captured at Puerto Cabsllo
and the Americans were shot by Spanish
soldiers outside the castle at San Felipe.
Miranda escaped and aubsequently took
part in signing tbe Venezuelan independ
ence.
The column is to be erected at Puerto
Cabello, at the point where the Americans
were captured.
VOLUNTARY BANKRUPTCY
The Bill Completed Aad Will Be Reported
Maeday
Washington, April 3.—Tho senate com
mittee on tbe judiciary today decided upon
a favorable report upon tha voluntary
bankruptcy bill.
The bill will be reported to the senate on
Monday, the 13th instant. As agreed upon
by tbe committee it provides that any
debtor owing $200 or more may make a
voluntary assignment before any com
petent authority of all bia property, except
that exempt under the law, for tbe benefit
of his creditors equally. He ia re
quired to file a full list of all
bia property, exempt or unexempt,
and of hia creditors. It allows preferences
only to debts due to the United States, to
any state or territory, to servants or labor
ers for service performed within one year
and to liens and encumbrances on home
steads to the extent of $1000. Thedebtor
is allowed to file a petition in the United
States district court four months after
making his assignment asking to be dis
charged from his debts, which tbe court is
authorized to grant, after due proceedings
for the protection of creditors and the ob
servance of tbe law.
Especial provision is made to the effect
that this discharge shall not include any
debt which may have been created in con
sequence of defalcation as a public officer
or as guardian or trustee, or while acting
in any judiciary character. The law ia to
remain in force for two years only. The
district courts are made bankruptcy courts
for the purpose of carrying tbe law into
effect.
A LEAD PIPE CINCH
Tha A. P. A. Presents a Presidential Caas-
palgn Plan
Detroit, Mich,, April 4.— W. H.J. Tray
nor, aupreme president of tho American
Protective association, haa issued a circu
lar to the order at large upon the political
situation. President Traynor declares
that the A. P. A. has the cinch upon the
presidential situation and presents an ex
haustive plan for the complete political or
ganisation of tbe order from the primaries
up. He urgea the various atate councila to
send their reports to the supreme council,
which meets next month at Washington,
pledged to auch reforms aa the subordinate
members of the order most desire, thus
avoiding the danger of strong partisana
uaing the order for their own
ends. He makes . a strong protest
against the Marquette statue and
especially warns the order to
oppose the resolution of Congressman
Morse of Massachusetts "acknowledging
Almighty God as the source of all power
and authority in civil government, our
Lord .lesus Christ as the ruler of nations
and His revealed will as the aupreme au
thority in civil affairs," aa a remarkable
and dangerous proposal to place the affairs
of state in the hands of the church. The
writer concludes with the declaration that
the Venezuelan war scare was a mislead
ing campaign dodge and that the Cuban
and Armenian agitations, while advocated
by those who are sincere, are mere subter
fuges to kill time until after the presiden
tial election and distract attention of tbe
people from proposed and much needed
national measures of reform.
Weekly Bank Clearings
New York, April 3.—Tha following fable,
compiled by Bradstreet's shews the total
clearances at tbe principal cities and the
percentage of Increase and decrease, as com
uared with tbe corresponding week last year:
Pur Par |
rent cent
inc. dec.
New York $520,993 307 ... 8.1
Chicago 87,887,210 8.2
Boston 97,719,337 1.0
Philadelphia 00,575 500 .... 19.9
St, LotliS 19,914,899 .... 9.5
San Francisco.... 13,741,274 1.0
ludtiinore l'i.T i*.»!>!i .... 21.0
Pitisburc t5.3»:>,104 5.5
Cincinnati U,003,3<i0 8.6
Kansas City. 8,740,013 .... 11.7
New Orleans W. 642,249 4.2
Buffalo 3,802,753 .... 0.1
Milwaukee 4,007,5'>7 6.4
Detroit 5,078,163 .... 6.2 I
LOttlSVille 0..182 352 27.0 .. i
Minneapolis .",,214,0,3 7.2
Omaha 3,808,884 10.7 . I
I'rovld nee 4.853,900 17.0
Cleveland 4,858,528 7.7 1
Houston 8,71)0,205 ... 13.4 1
St. Paul 3,493.718 4.8 .... I
Denver 2.603,251) 1.5
Indianapolis 4,384 447 8.6
Columbus 3,2)3,901) 8.0
Hnrtfor.l 2.440,625
Richmond 1,808,747 .... 15.0 1
Washington 2,204,102 .... 25.1 :
Dallas 2,339 850 2.8
sr. Joseph 1,038.768 .... 20.9
Peoria 1,823.21.", .... 3.7 I
Memphis 1,722,113 8.0 I
Portland, Ore 901,043 20.1
Rochester 1,452,31)8 2.0 I
New Haven 1.402,102 4.9 j
savannah 1,727,020 4.2 . . I
Springfield, Mass, 1,240.569 14 4 j
Worcester 1,207,3i!i> ..... 6.6 |
Portland, Me 1,196,341 1.7 I
Atla.ita 1,137.472 .... 17
Fort Worth 1,118,3611 .... 26.5
Waco 1,3,6,<i-*.> .... 52.1
Syracuse 898.57* 6.8
Pcs Mnincs 1,058,04:< 14.6
tirtiml Kapids. .. 713,754
Seattle 488,590 .... 1.8
l-os Angeles 1,14:1,687 8.5
Tacoma 466,075 . . 19.8
Spokane 4'3,8>0 10.4 . .
Galveston 4,3111,955 14.2
Suit Lake 1,133,83* 1.7
Toledo. 1.2fi0,6i4
Helena 573,207 2S 7
Davenport 1 738,062
Totals $951.976,75S ... 6 0
Exclusive of NOW
York 430,983.751 .... 3.5
A CONFIDENT SPIRIT
At the Meeting of tho Silent Hotel Promoters
Last Night
A meeting of the chairmen of the various
sub-committees having in charge the col
lection of funds for tbe erection of ihe
Adams-street tourist hotel was held at the
office of the Cass t% Smurr company last
evening. Those present were: R. 11. Her
ron.general chairman. A. B. Cass, F. Her
bert, D. A. Miller, Lieut. Miner and M. T.
Bailey, chairmen of sub-committees; Drs.
Macaulay and Hitchcock, Architect Eisen,
Bruce H. Cass and G. W. I'ursell, general
secretary.
All the committees reported satisfactory
progress, and the outlook appears to be
that ihe necessary money will be raised
within thirty days or at the most six weeks.
The meeting was enthusiastic throughout,
a general spirit of confidence being evident
in the proceedings.
Money By flail
Washington, Aoril 3.—The money
order tranaactions throughout the United
Statea during the last quarter of .1895
beat all previous records in volume. The
accounts have just been audited and ahow
the receipts to have aggregated $105,755,
--971. Domestic money orders issued
amounted in round numbers to $49,000,
--000—a very large increase. The net reve
nue of $125,000 has been equaled only
once.
fir.'. West's Death
San Francisco, April 3.—Mrs. Frank
West, wife of the well-known vineyardiat
of Stockton, died at the Occidental hotel
thia evening. Mrs. Weat was formerly a
Miss c!perry, her father being the owner of
extensive flour mills at Stockton. She was
popular in society and leaves a large
circle of friends both tn this city and in
Stockton.
CITY PRICE, PER SINdLe COPY, a CENT* **
ON TRANSPORTATION LINES, g CUNTS
_ _ML.
ALONG THE RAILROAD LINES
THE VALLEY ROAD MANAGERS CONCLUDf
TO ISSUE BONOS
Orating CaatracU Lac Between Maresai aaat a
Praina — Interstate Cenmarca Officials
Turn Thalr Attention to Shippers Wlaf
Violate the Law ta Save Money
Sam FsAitctsco. April 3.—Tha affairs at
the Sen Francisco and San Joaquin Valley
railroad have progressed to auch an extant
that more money is now needed to oomr
plate tbe enterprise. For this reason as'
important conference will be held by thai
directors of the road and the trustees. This)
conference will probably be held neat'
Tuesday.
President Spreckles, Vice Presides*
Watt end the other directors hare thorough*
ly discussed the best meana of raising
more money. The question of calling fa*
mora caah stock subacriptiona haa Seats
carefully investigated. The proposition ol
bonding the entire road from Stockton aa
Bakersfield, a distance of 285 miles, as*!
selling the bonds in the East, in Europe at
in San Francisco haa also been considered.
The directors finally decided to issue bonds)
hearing either 4\{ or 5 per cent interest.
It is thought moat of them may be color
here. The directors do not wish to chaps
tbe future financial policy of tbe road,
however, without the sanction of tbe atock
trustees. Hence the conference propose*
for next week.
The directors today let $30,000 worth ot
grading contracts between tbe Merced
river end Fresno. J. D. McDougal ot
Stockton got tha contract for grading the
twelve miles from the Merced river aunts)
to the town of Merced. Grant brothers j
got the grading contract for a distance.oaT
twenty-six miles, beginning at a point aiaa
lean miles south of the town of Marcos.
The rights of way for the first alxteesi
miles south ot Merced and for tbe Ores
twelve miles north of Fresno have not
been adjusted. The directors any tho
Crocker family has treated them verja
fairly in giving rights of way through tbs?
Crocker-Hoffman ranch for a distance os"
three or four miles. .;
Tbe sixth assessment of 10 per cent oar
the capital stock ia being promptly paid tat
by the aubacribers. Chief Engineer Stern
thinks tbe road will reach Fresno by Asi>
guat 20.
after the shippers
Chicago, April 3.—The interstate eons,
rnerce officials in Chicago are, it ia aald,
planning to make trouble for some of ths
large ahippera who have been receiving cut
rates from tbe roads. No actual atepe
hare been taken as yet, but it ia said that'
the officers of tbe law will be after tbs
large grain and packing bouae ahippera.
Thia will be tbe first time that an effort
has been made to get after the ahippera for
taking as low rate as they have been able
to procure from the roads. It ia a fact that
in the majority of cases, however, which
the interstate commerce commission haa
taken up in this city that the shippers have
been the chief offenders aa in moat cases
the railroad man ia not going to offer to rs>
duce rates unless he is assured that he
must do so in order to get tbe business.
The officials of the commission aay that in
many of the cases When reduced rates
have been made in favor of certain ship
pern it haa been practically a game of stand
and deliver <»b the part of ahippera and ths
roads have been compelled, in a large
measure, to take the buainess for just what
they could get for it. This baa been tbs
case every year out of Chicago, just before
the opening of navigation. The railroad
officials are, of course, equally guilty with
the shippers, but the commission haa ds*
voted all of ita time of late yeara to ths
railroad men, and it ia now proposed to ses
if they cannot, under tbe Brown decision,
bring in aome of the shippers with their
dragnet.
At the annual meeting of the Chicago
Railroad association today C. A. Higglns,
assistant general passenger agent of the
Atchison was elected president and A. E.
McMillan of the Michigan Central waa for
the ninth consecutive year elected sacra
tary. The meeting decided to comply with
the requests of the interstate commerce
commission with regard to numbering thf)
tariff sheets in such a way as to make any
road party thereto responsible for any cut*
ting of rates.
Linton Convicted
Jackson, Cal., April 3.—The trial of
I.inton, for murder, closed last night, ths
jury finding a verdict of manslaughter
after two hours' deliberation. He will bs
sentenced on Monday.
STATE NOTES
In the Marceau divorce case at San
Francisco yesterday the attorney for Mar*
ceau announced that hia client was willing
to pay Mrs. Marceau an allowance of $300
a month pending ihe litigation.
The preliminary examination of Collins
& Miepliard, proprietors of the Woodland
mills, who are accused of arson, com
menced yesterday. Some unimportant
testimony was taken and tbe case ad*
journed until next Tuesday.
The quarantine imposed by the depart*
ment of agriculture which has rested upon
this state witli regard to the shipment of
cattle has been modified antl the embargo
lifted from that section north of Lake Ta
li oe to the Oregon boundary line and from
the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountains
eastward to the Nevada line.
The British ship Godiva, at Long Bridge,
near San Francisco, loaded and ready for
sea, is in a queer predicament. She ia
loaded to the 22-foot mark and has to pass
over a ridge on which there are only sixteen
feet of water. The Godiva ia under spe
cial charter and is in a great hurry to get
away.
Chinese Inspector of Customs Richard
S. Williams of San Francisco, haa been in
dicted by tho federal grand jury. The
charges upon whicli the customs official
will now be tried is that of illegally land
ing Chinese and permitting them to re
main in this city, bribery being the motive.
The charges against Williams were pre
ferred by Major Moore, special agent of
the treasury department.
A contest has been commenced over tha
will of Mrs. Lucy C. Goodspeed. who died
recently, leaving an estate valued at up*
wards of $25,000. Mrs. Goodspeed con
tested the will of her uiother, Mrs. Pratt,
of Los Angeles, and secured most of the
money left by her nun her. Mrs. Good
speed died a few months ago, and left her
estate to her minor children, disinheriting;
her grown children. Yeaterday Mrs. Annie
A. Stanford. Orville C. Pratt Goodspeed
and Jennie Maud Snodgrass of Sau Fran
cisco filed a contest to the will, alleging
that their mother was of unsound mind
and incapable of disposing of her eatate. '
At a meeting of the state board of ex
aminers yesterday the coat of the mainte
nance of the inmates of the asylum for
tbe deaf, dumb and blind at Berkeley
was made the subject of investigation. It
was ascertained that the coat per capita
was greater there ttian in an}' public insti
tution in the atate. This, the board of ex»
ami tiers held, waa due to the fact that tbjs
supplies of tbe institution were not cow
traded for in the proper manner. It djh<
voloped during the investigation that tfie
cost per year for each inmate was 92G8.
Governor Budd had feared there might ha
a deficiency in the appropriation tor ths
atate prison at San Quentin, and oited
Edgar J. Depue, president of tbe board of
prison directors, to appear before tha ex
aminers. Depue showed that there *sa»
sufficient money at the disposal of tla* sjt>
rectors to meet all probable outlay.

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