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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, April 08, 1896, Image 1

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That's all its costs —~—~
~ The Herald, delivered by carrier
50 cents a month." ~
— By mail, $5.00 a yea r
Civil Service Reform Dis
cussed in the Senate
Opportunities Embraced to Bark
at the Executive
Including the Appropriations lor Special
Speed Facilities
•embers ol the House Make Objection to
the Metric System
An Unofficial Outgiving That President
Cleveland Feels Bound by All the Facts
and Precedent! to Decline to Recognize
the Cubans as Belligerents
Associated Press Special Wire.
WASHINGTON, April 7—The post
office appropriation bill, which has en
igrossed the attention" or the senate
for almost a week, was passed by that
body just previous to adjournment to
day. The entire day with the excep
tion ot a few minutes at the beginning
of the session was devoted to debate
and voting upon the amendments pro
posed to the bill, the Wolcott amend
ment for the consolidation of smaller
offices with larger ones receiving the
greater share of attention. The discus
sion on this proposition again took the
foSm of a debate on the merits of civil
service reform, and was participated in
by Messrs. Vilas. Wolcott, Allen. Hill,
Hoar, Gorman, Stewart and others.
There were some rather spicy dialogues
between Messrs. Vilas and Allen and
between Messrs. Wolcott and Hill. Mr.
Wolcott criticized Secretary Smith for
his participation in the Georgia cam
paign and was replied to by Mr. Hill.
The amendment was defeated by a de
cisive vote, receiving only seven votes
In Its support.
Mr. Teller presented petitions from
branches of the American Federation of
Labor In various states, asking for tlie
restoration of the free coinage of silver,
and expressing an opinion that such a
course would promote prosperity.
BUtler (Pop.. N. C.) introduced a joint
resolution providing for an amend
ment to the constitution to limit the
veto power of the president so as to
make it competent for the two houses
to pass bills over the veto by a majority
Call gave notice that he would call
up his Cuban resolution for discussion
tomorrow during the morning hour.
The postofflce appropriation bill was
taken up. the pending question being
the compensation of clerks at postal
stations and substations, involving the
matter of consolidation of postotfices.
Vilas contended the amendment did
not enlarge the powers of the postmas
ter general, and postmasters always
had the power to establish substations.
Mr. Vilas hoped that the authority of
the postmaster general to establish sub
ofllces would not be curtailed.
Asked by Mr. Allen if any good had
been accomplished by civil service re
form. Mr. Vilas replied that it had oper
ated in 1885, 1889 and 1S!):| to relieve the
public officers from a part of the clamor
at least of office seekers, tl had given
relief to senators and representatives
and to the holders of executive offices.
He considered the system an excellent
one and said that only the Initiatory
benefits had been received.
Mr. .Allen characterized Mr. Vilas' re
marks or. civil service reform as a
Fourth of July effort. He (Allen) want
ed him to point out the cold facts and
give particulars in which the country
had been benefitted.
Mr. Hoar (Rep., Mass.) declared there
were three men who ought, to have
credit for great accomplishment and
reform in the civil service, viz: Dorman
B. Eaton. Senator llawley of Connecti
cut and Theodore Roosevelt, who had
bleu bold, courageous and intelligent.
He did not think President Cleveland,
who h i d done a good many things dur
ing his administration, desired bj be
written very high on the scroll. Civil
servle >, the senator thought, had come
to stay and it would be the policy of the
country in the futu.-s.
Mr. Wolcott made a strong speech in
favor of the civil service law, but said
he agreed with Mr. Gorman in denounc
ing the liable of certain cabinet officers
in making speeches all over the country.
One of them was now barnstorming
Georgia in favor of gold monometallism.
He should have called attention to the
matter earlier had it not been for the
fact that it was better that he was aw ay
than here so far as attention to public
business was concerned. He said the
secretary's arguments were making
friends for bimetallism by the dozens.
Mr. Gorman said that since he hail be
come senator there had not been a dozen
postmasters in Maryland appointed on
his recommendation and he resented the
intimation that his opposition to (he
amendment was because It would take
away patronago.
Mr Stewart argued against the civil
service law and said it was the first step
toward the centralization of power in
the hands of one man.
The debate on the amendment having
been closed, Mr. Allison moved to ley it
on the table and the motion prevailed;
yetts 48, nays 7. The defeat was signi
ficant as showing an objection to the
consolidation of postoffices.
Considerable discussion resulted on
the Paseoe amendment, prohibiting the
establishment or maintenance of sub
or branch offices beyond the limits of a
city In which the principal office is lo
Mr. Allison thought that in view of
the debate in the senate the postmaster
general could be trusted not to make
furthei consolidations and he even might
retrace some of the steps he had taken.
Mr. Pascoe modified his amendment
so as to prohibit the establishment or
maintenance of sub-stations or branch
postofflces "beyond the corporate limits
or boundaries of a city in which the
principal office is located." and in this
Shape it was carried—.l 6 to 25.
The committee amendment appro
priating $SO.ono additional for mails
from San Francisco to New Zealand
and New South Wales via Honolulu
was adopted—B2 to 21.
Mr. Vilas moved to strike out the ap
propriation of 8196.641 made by the
house for special facilities on trunk
lines from Boston via New York and
Washington to Atlanta and New Or
leans. Defeated—l 3 to 39.
Another! amendment by Mr. Vilas, re
ducing the amount for special railroad
facilities to $175,000 was defeated—l 9to |
a;!. The bill was then passed.
The conference report on the agrlcul- j
tural bill was agreed to.
Then the senate, at 5:50, adjourned. !
The Proposition to Adopt The iletrlc System
WASHINGTON, April 7.—The house
spent the day debating a bill to fix Die
standard of weights and measures by
the adoption of the metric system on
and after July I, IS9S, and a proposition
that the government share with the
District of Columbia the expense of
creating and maintaining a public li
brary in the city of Washington. The
latter was defeated, 113 to 127, and the
fate of the metric system hill still hangs |
In the balance. On a rising vote it was |
defeated, 65 to 80, but Mr. C. W. Stone
of Pennsylvania, chairman of the com
mittee on coinage, weights and meas-
Ures, who has given the subject much
attention and who warmly supported it,
secured the ayes and nays, and during
the roll call the house adjourned. I
In advocating the metric system Mr. .
C. W. Stone, Republican of Pennsyl
vania, chairman of the committee on i
coinage, weights and measures, spoke
Of the great embarrassment the use of
our present system entailed in connec- |
tion with our foreign trade and the in- j
extrtcable confusion It involved. The j
metric system had proved a complete
success. It was international in char
acter and almost universal in use
among civilized nations.
Mr. Bartlett. Democrat of New York,
opposed the adoption of what he de
nominated "this French continental
system." Gentlemen had come to him
since the debate began and had ap
pealed to him, saying: "Let us adopt
this international system and it will
pave the way for international bimetal
lism, on which all our hopes are con
centrated." tLaughter.) He thought
it absurd to attemt to force this sys
tem on 70.000.nn0 people after a few
hours of unscientific debate.
Mr. Otey of Virginia opposed the bill
in a particularly humorous speech, in
Which he said it would lie as easy for
lllm to learn German or Sanscrit as the
metric system, lie took a table of the
metric Bystem, said lie, and looked in
vain for the wet measure.
"Where's your measure of whisky .'"
he Inquired,
"I venture to say Kentucky will have
something to say about the adoption
of this new fangled system. Her dele
gation will lie solidly opposed to it."
t Laughter.)
An adjournment followed before the
yea and nay vote was taken.
Secretary Olney called at the White
House and remained in close consulta
tion with the president a long time.
It is believed tlie two were engaged in
the preparation of a special message to
congress, relating to Cuba, and an ex
position of the actual state of affairs fin
the island as revealed in the reports of
th" United States consul and officers
and other trusted sources of informa
tion. There Is a resolution before the j
president, passed at the instance of j
Senator Hoar, calling for this informa
tion. It is reasoned tlie president in
transmitting the information may feel
it his duty. In view of the overw helming
majority by which the Cuban concur
rent, resolutions passed both branches
of congress to make a plain statement
showing that regardless of the sympa
thy he may feel personally for the in
surgents be is absolutely bound by the
facts, as he sees them, by precedent
and by the dictates of International
law, to persist In his attitude.
WASHINGTON, April 7.-The Pacific
cable bill was the subject of discussion
today by the house committee on com
merce. The committee tried to frame
an amendment which would insure to
this government a firs t lien on the
property and right of way for its busi
ness under any conditions which might
arise in tlie future. There was a unan
imlty of sentiment that the bill should
be drawn to make the government's
Hen absolutely iron-clad and impossible
to transfer or displacement, but no
satisfactory wording of the bill was
drawn. The bill on which the commit
tee Is working, and which it will prob
ably report in an amendment form, is
that of the Pacific Cable company of
New York. Several amendments were
made today. The most important re- j
duced the amount of theannual sub- |
sidy for twenty years from $160,000, the
company's proposition, to $130,000. An
other amendment to insure the comple
tion of ihe cable to China was adopted,
as some members thought tlie company
might conclude not to extend it beyond
Japan. Other amendments were ad
ded, which were mostly in order to leave
no loophole which might be the basis
of a controversy in the future.
The president today sent tlie follow- J
lng nominations to the senate: Post- i
masters—.lames Cllne, Penicia. Cat.; :
William F. Marlante, San Leandro, j
The house committee on military af
falra today decided to report favorably 1
the resolution to bestow the rank of
lieutenant general on General Nelson
A. Miles.
The senate committee on naval af
fairs contlnuen Its Investigation on ar
mor plate today. Commander Folger
was further examined as to plates ac
coptde while he was chief of ordnance.
A Republican Cry for Prutcction and Free
SALT LAKE, April 7.—The Republi- 1
can state convention has selected Frank [
J. Cannon. Arthur Brown, C. E. Allen i
Issue Trumbo, W. s. McCormlck and
Thomas Kearns as delegates to the St, •
Louis convention.
The platform is confined almost en- i
tlrely to protection and bimetallism,
and asserts that the situation makes a
dear that bimetallism and pro'tecelon j
must be accepted, and constituting one i
vital, indivisible principle, that not only '
the progress, hut the safety of tlie in- i
dustrles of our country and the toilets !
who carry on these industries, make the
acceptance of this principle Imperative, !
protection by a tariff, to equalize the i
wages of our contry and those paid
abroad, and bimetallism to take from
gold its present appreciation and to
equalize the money of this country and
that of silver standard nations.
Europe Polotics
LONDON. April B.—The Rome corre
spondent of the Chronicle says: It is
understood that the members of the
dreibund, Germany especially, seek an
understanding with the Vatican with a
view to counterbalancing French and
Russian Influence. It is believed Ger
many will seek to secure the election of
a pro-German pope. The meeting of the
Emperor William at Naples with Car
dinal San Felice, and the visit of Prince
Henry of Prussia to the Vatican, are re
garded as showing that the pope is dis
posed to a rapprochement with Ger
many, and that he Is greatly irritated
at the anti-clerical attitude of the
Bourgeois cabinet.
Dronped Deal
PHOENIX. April 7.-W. H. Thomas, a
well known mining man. owner of valua
•hle properties in Cave Creek district
dropped dead on the street at 11 oelock
this morning. Heart disease is given as
the cause.
The State Department Is Not Greatly
Alarmed, and a Cheering Report Comr
From Clara Barton of the Progresa of
Red Cross Relief Work
! Associated Pre«s special Wire.
i Sofia, Bulgaria).—Advices received to
j day from Diarbekir indicate beyond a
reasonable doubt tiiat Itev. George C.
Knapp, one of the American missionar
i les at Billies, iscontir.ed in Jail at Diar
beklr, Turkish Armenia, and serious
! international complications are more
than likely to folovv.
i The Imprisonment and proposed ex
pulsion of Rev. Knapp Is understood to |
' be but preliminary to the expulsion of
! all Christian missionaries, from Asiatic
i Turkey and possibly from European
! Turkey as well. Besides, it is rumored
the agents of the American Red Cross
society, now distributing relief funds
at Asiatic Turkey, are also to be ex
pelled from that part of the empire.
The United states charge d' affaires
has obtained from the porta the asur
anoe that the vail of Aleppo has been
Instructed to protect the American mis
sionaries in the Suedich district, but in
spite of the assurances of the Turkish
government, it is considered quite im
portant that the pofte should bo
promptly made aware that the United
States, acting independently, is deter
mined to protect the rights and prop
erty of its citizens in the sultan's do
Mr. Knapp was ordered to appear for
I trial at Constantinople in February,
I but il appears that the roads were so
i blocked with snow until the end of last
month that the missionary was unable
to travel to this city. Hence, it. seems,
his arrest find imprisonment at Diar-
I bekir. pending his expulsion from Asi
atic Turkey, and also, it seems, the de
termination of the sultan to expel all
Christian missionaries and agents of
the American Hed Cross society from
It is believed here that only prompt
a lid energetic action will prevent the
[suing of the imperial trade providing
for hte expulsion of the missionaries
and lied Cross society agents.
Russia is seemingly the ally of France
and the strong supporter of Turkey un
der any circumstances, but should
France determine to take action in this
case, it is difficult to Bee how she can
do so without in some degree embroil
ing herself with Russia. It is just upon
this point that rests the hope that
France, through Russia, will prevail
upon the sultan not to issue the imperial
irade providing for the expulsion of the
missionaries and American Red Cross
agents and that this may avert any ser
' ions trouble on the part of the United
j States.
I WASHINGTON. April 7.—The offi
cials at the stale department are fully
aware of the condition of the misslon-
I aries in Turkey and of the develop
j mer.ts in the case of Missionary Knapp,
who Is reported by cable to be In con
] fineme.it at Diarbekir, but they refuse
Ito discuss the matter in any phase.
However, It is apparent that they do not
feel under ang great degree of appre
hension as to serlrfus trouble in Turkey,
and In addition to their advices from
Charge d'Affaires Middle, they have the
benefit of the advice of United States
Minister Terrell, wha was at the state
department this morning, their state of
mind would appear to be justified. It
is quite certain that no orders have
gone forward to Admiral Selfrldge to
gather his lleet In the gulf of Lakan-
I derum to make any sort of demonstra
; tlon. The case of Missionary Knapp
j presents no feature of novelty, and the
i only point Involved on its) face is the old
I question of extra, territorial jurisdiction
!by our legation In Turkey. The state
deqartment has Insisted upon the ex
ercise of tills right steadfastly and the
correspondence sent to the present con
gress relative to the Armenian troubles
shows that although the Turkish gov
! ernment always has interposed obsta-
I cles to the exercise of the right, it has
i generally conceded the point. It is pre
sumed that this will be the outcome in
the case of Mr. Knapp. The more ser
] loUS aspect of the matter Is brought to
! light by the renewal of the report that
; emanated from Constantinople some
I weeks ago that there is to be a general
j expulsion of all foreign missionaries
' from Turkish Armenia, and notwitli
- standing the reticence shown at the
state department in reference to this
i subject it is believed there is some foun
! dittion foi- this report,
j As a general principle we have con
ceded the right of a nation to expel ob
ject loual foreigners from its territory,
: but it happens that in the case of Tur
! key, treaty Stipulations come to the
| rescue of the missionaries in a round
about fashion. The French govern
| men! has a treaty with Turkey explicit •
ly conferring the right of their misston-
I aries to reside and work in Turkey,
I and as the Uhtted states has a treaty
j with Turkey Including the usual fav
j oi'ed nation clause, the contention of
l our government isthat we have as good
• a right as the French to maintain our
I missionaries in that country and upon
j the point the issue will be made if it
I should finally c onn tn the promulgation
1 of the irade of expulsion.
' NEW JfORK, April The following
• cablegram was received by Silencer
• Trash today from Miss Clara Barton,
! president of the Red Cross society,
j who is in charge of the relief in Ar
! menia:
i Spencer Trask. New Kork: Our corps I
j of physicians and supplies left Beyroot j
j April :iil and will reach Marasil the 10th. !
■ Seoiirge of typhoid and other diseases j
I from starvation and exposure are uti- -
abated. Red Cross reports Just received
t from our expeditions, which are meet
! ingk with splend I (success. No ob
| structions nor Turkish supervision, as
; has been wrongly reported. Every fa
j cility offered. Welcomed everywhere,
j One party working between Mat-ash,
i /aitoun, Malatia and Harpool, the other
j between Oorfa. Diarbekir and Harpool.
i visiting towns and villages eti route,
! giving assistance where most needed.
! (Signed) BARTON.
Will the Force of Circumstences Compel a
Renominatlon ?
NEW YORK. April 7.—The World
will print a double-leaded editorial to-
I morrow in which it will ask whether the
I logic of the political situation that has
I led the Republican masses to support
| McKinley will not compel the nomlna
i tion of Cleveland by the Democrats.
The paper says:
| "Tlie World does not assert that this
lls so. It raises the question. It invites
public discussion of it.
"So far as the World Is concerned in
this matter It Is entirely impartial, ju
dicial and impersonal. It has no spe
cial partiality for Mr. Cleveland per
sonally, as he will probably admit. It
has nothing to take back. But the ques
tion is not of the past; It Is the question
of the future. Upon the Issues of the
present and future, and not the past,
the World Is Just as free and sincere in
suggesting that Mr. Cleveland seems to
be the only logical candidate as it has
been fearless and faithful In admonition
and criticism wherever it has believed
him wrong.
"It is idle and might prove very un
wise to Ignore the fact that there is a
deep-seated and widely prevalent pre
judice among our people against any
third term for any president. But it is
still a question whether any unfound
ed fear and prejudice can weigh against
the force of events and the logic of cir
An Fleet inn Riot
NEW ORLEANS, April 7.—A serious
riot, growing out of the registration
troubles, occurred in St. Landry parish
today, in which two negroes were killed.
■ six or seven others wounded and many
! others Whipped. The supervisor of
| registration of St. Landry, having es
i tabltshed his headquarters in Opelousas
i the negroes believed the presence of
I troops tiiere would prote< t them from
; the regulators or white supremacists,
i and start"d in large bodies for that
! town. A party of 100 negroes left Grand
: Prairie for Opelousas. but were Inter
, cepted about half way by a band of
j regulators. The negroes were warned
I back by the regulators and told they
! would not be allow ed to register. They
j attempted to pass, when they were fired
upon and two killed and six or- seven
wounded. The others were given fifty
lashes each and returned home. The
! affair created a panic among the Opel
ousas negroes and only a. few of them
registered. A large number of citizens
ot Opelousas have asked that the mili
tia be kept there until after Hie stale
election, April 23, but the Fontenoi tac
tion, or white supremacists, demand
that the state troops be removed at
once. There have been ten killed and
thirteen wounded so far over the St.
Landry political troubles.
ENVER, Col.. April 7.—A special to tin-
News from Santa Pe. N. M.. says: Mother
Kranncesca, who has been coffwtvted with
Loretto academy and the convent in Santa
Fe for thirty-nine years, has beenordered
to assume the duties of superiotial ai Lo
retto Heights academy and boarding
school near Denver, and wii! leave here to
morrow morning. Mother Irrancesca is a
niece of the lamented Archbishop Lamy.
Mother Catherine, from .Marion county.
Ky„ will succeed to the the position of
superior of Loretto academy here.
WAHTNUTON, April 7.—The president
has approved the jolnl resolutions author
ising the Immediate use of the unexpended
appropriation for the ennui at the t'as
cades of itie Columbia river, for protecting
works and providing for the immediati de
struction of income tax returns. Tin lull
authorizing the Arkansas Ncrthern Itail
wav company to construct and operate ■<
railway through Indian territory has be
come a law without tlie president's ap
SAN RANCISCO, «>pril 7.—The supreme
court decided the Calkins will coolest, ti
Santa Barbara ease of note, today. .Mrs.
Pilar Calkins died, leaving all her proper
ty to her bust/and. Her brother, Kduurdo
de la Cuesta, contested He will. A jury
declared that Mrs. Calkins had been un
duly Influenced in making the will. This
verdict the supreme, conn sets aside, and
in granting a new trial says the verdict
was not waranted by the evldenoe,
WAHINGTi in. April 7.—The senate con
current resolutions on Hie Cuban question
were delivered to Private Secretary Thur
ber this morning by -Mr. Piatt, one of the
executive clerks of the senate. Later in
the day Ihey were sent to the siate de
partment, as Hie law requires that such
1 resolutions shall be printed In the book ot
i laws annually published dy the depart
j ment. _
1 nhwport.Kn., April 7.—Scott Jackson,
■ alleged murderer of Pearl Bryan, was be
i 'ore .lodge Helm today for trial, IJponap
' plication of his attorneys, tlie .judge post
poned the hearing until Tuesday. April 21.
As Jackson was leaving the COUl'l room he
smiled on a woman silting in the front row
of seals. She suddenly delivered a vicious
kick at the prisoner and said: "If 1 had had
a pistol I would hay c shot him."
AUBURN, April 7.—.lames li. Whitney,
a plasterer carrying a ear.l from Los An
geles union. No. II). was killed at Cascade
freight sheds yesterday. Coroner Mitchell
of Auburn held an inquest, but could not
learn the unfortunates further Identity.
He was light complexioned, five Beet six
inches (all. and aged about 35.
WASHINGTON. April 7.—Senator .Mor
gan of Alabama is lying ill at his residence
in this city, suffering from a liver compli
cation. Rumors were current Hits evening
that he was alarmingly ill. In response to
inquiries at his house the reply was made
that he was better and was sleeping.
DOWNINOTON, Pa.. April ".--Charles
Parkin and Patrick Cordlgan. two mem
bers of a wrecking crew, were struck by a
fast freight train on the Pennsylvania
road near here today and instantly killed.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 7.—The expe
dition of the Russian Geographical society
equipped for the exploration of the Ir
kutsk region of Siberia, has started and
will be absent three years.
WASHINGTON. April 7.—The senate
committee on merchant marine today re
ported favorably a bill granting an Amer
ican register to the steamer Kaiului ot
San Francisco.
WASHINGTON, April 7.—A fraud order
has been issued by the postofflce depart
ment against W. Stanton of St. Louis.
Missouri Populists Are Scarce, but A. P. A.
Voters Are Plentiful-A Kansas Town
Elects a Woman Mayor—The Temperance
People Are Crowding Awfully
Associated Tress Special Wire
KANSAS CITY, April 7.—After a
campaign filled with unusual strife.and
in which parties were split from center
to circumference, the city election to
day passed tiff as peaceably as a May
party. A. P. A. and anti-A. P. A. was
the principal issue, with a side issue of
reform government.
Jones led a strong fight for the A. P.
A.'s as the regular nominee. The re
mainder of ills ticket was mongrel, as
was that of his leading opponent, John
s. Crosby, who headed the people's
ticket, cut but little figure.
An interesting item was tlie refusal
of two or three A. P. A. lodges to sup
port their organ legation's nominee be
cause of their being previously sus
pended from tin- ordl r.
SANTA MONfCA WATER FRONT (Sec Plain Truth, pmr? tU
I Tim returns aro coming in very slow<
ly, but at midnight it is conceded that
the Republican A. P. A. tiekot has been
I elected by about 1000 plurality. The
1 Populist vote Is very light.
; CIMMARON (Kas.), April 7.—Mrs. C.
i A. Curtis was elected mayor by a small
; majority over Dr. Lawrence. The elec
i tion board is composed of women, who
! were out In full force. Mrs. Curtis is
| over sixty years of age. She is a woman
-of good business ability and is quite
! wealthy. ,
! TOPEKA (Kas ), April 7.—Returns
I from (dties of the second class, where
i there was any opposition to the Repub
i llcan ticket, show Republican victories
!in some places over fusion tickets. In
j many places the issue was the "joint"
I question, and so far the temperance sen-
I tiinent is victorious, Irrespective of
i pat ty. In Topeka the Republicans car-
I ried everything In Emporia there was
| oni\ a medium womans vote, except
whore the- "no joints' 'issue was contest
■ cd. In all the latter case s the temper
: ance sentiment won.
DENVER (Colo ). April 7. —In most
jof the cities Mini towns of Colorado,
j aside from Denver and Pueblo, elections
: were held today. In Highlands, theHe
i publicans won by 300 to 100. In Lead
, vllle, where the Populists have been in
control, the result is In doubt, the Re
! publicans having made 1 decided gains,
j In many of the smaller towns the liquet
I question was tlie one at iSSUC and al
most invariably the temperance e!e
--| ment won. The women were well rop
| resented at the polls everywhere,
i Dispatches from Albuquerque and Las
i Vegas. X. M., and Laramie, Wye. re
! port complete victories lor the Repub
| Means.
j OMAHA, Neb. April 7.—Nebraska
I municipal elections occurred today, a
i heavy vote was polled even in the face
'of heavy rains. A general disposition
' was manifested to disregard party
i lines. The issue was high license and
; in a majority of cases was carried.
| CHICAOO, April ".—Out of :!.-, alder
: men, the Republicans today elected 30,
j tlie Democrats Pi and two Independents
i were chosen. There arc ::t wards in the
j city, but two aldermen were chosen In
tlie Tenth, there being a vacancy in
i that ward. The principal feature of the
election was the effort of the reform
I element to down a number tit the gang
! aldermen. The reformers were SUC
! cessfnl with a majority of them, but
. they failed to secure tin cc or four bright
; particular scalps they desired. The re
i turns from the aldermanic contest show
I that the Republicans have on the total
' vote carried the city by a majority of
about 20,000.
OMAHA, Neb., April 7.—Senator W.
V. Allen today addesscd a letter to
I Governor Holcomb declining to be a
candidate on the Populist ticket for
presidential honors.
Charles B, Landls. editor of the Delphi
'• Journal, was named for congress to-
I day by the Republicans of the Ninth
I district. General Lew Wallace pre
i sided.
COLUMBIA, S. C April 7.—The
Webster faction of the Republican
party held a state convention here to
day. The convention was overwhelm
ingly for McKlnley. The resolutions
declare for bimetallism. The nominees
It is Bargain Day— * -«"*-< I
Morning, Noon and Night J
At the Herald Office —
Subscriptions are pouring in {
of this convention will so to St. Louis
as a contesting delegation.
NEWMAN, (la., April 7.—The third
of the Joint flrrancial discussions be
tween Secretary Smith and ex-Speaker
Crisp was listened to here today by an
audience of about 4000 people, chiefly
fanners,with a sprinkling of femininity.
A Picnic for the Troops But Death on the
IA IJ BERT AD, Salvador, April 7.
via Galveston. —Since the advices of
March IS and March 30, sent to the As
sociated Press from Corinto, there have
been no battles between the opposing
forces of President Zelaya and the
| Eoonist rebels in Nicaragua. The re
spective demands of the two factions
' which led to the failure of the Salva
| dorean peace commission were, on
i Zelaya's part, tha tthe rebels should lay
I down their arms and yield their lead-
I ers. Gen. Boca, the rebel leader, pro
| posed that both agree to the nomine"
I of the congress as to the depository of
I the executive power until a national
' election should he held. Both of those
: propositions were disapproved by the
1 opposing party and both were rejected.
The operations of the war seem to
have come practically to a standstill
It Is reported today that General Bo
reas' insurgent troops under Generals
i Chlvra, llederro and Earlas. near Na
j garote, are taking advantage of the long
inaction of Zelaya's troops at Nagarote
. and are Hanking their position, threat
| ening Managua, the capital. All three
; of these armies are largely made up of
! undicipllned and easily frightened Mo
i aos, However, thej are now occupying
| the lv st houses in tlie pueblas, accom
j panied by their women, with no work
tr, d.j ami in less danger than they arc
w hen peaceably occupied. There is lit
tle disposition to light. Engagements
are only light skirmishes, lasting only
j a few minutes, and are confined to can
: nonading at long range With small can-
I non. Meantime the industrial produc
j ers and wage earners of the country art.'
i suffering severely and loud mutterings
, of discontent are heard over the expen
; sive maintenance of armies which are
; doing nothing.
The U. S. S. Alert is still at Corinto
1 and all is quiet there. United States
[ Consular agent Pelazio at Corinto
shows himself attentive to tlie interests
both of citizens of the United Slates and
of Europe.
I Jlexican rio ters
CITY OF MEXICO, April 7.—Tlno
I Nava. ex-postmaster of the City of
I Mexico, accused id! embezzlement, died
j yesterday in the hospital. He was
I awaiting trial and his expected confes-
I siou was looked for with apprehension
I by many people.
Tlie Indians In some parts of the state
|of Oaxaca have risen In protest against
! the increased state totes. The. Fourth
battalion has left for that state.
A banquet was given last night by
foreign resident manufacturers.mer
chants and bankers In honor of Presi
dent Diaz. President Diaz was received
! with great enthusiasm, and said he did
I not accept the banquet as peersonal
! homage, hut as a tribute to himself and
i his old comrades in arms and his asso
! dates in the cabinet. President Diaz
! was presented by a committee repre
senting foreign business interests [n
' Mexico, as a slight testimonial of their
j esteem, with a. gold plate with suitable
! Inscription, costing 180,000.
It is re ported that Theodore Kline,
I general superintendent Of the Georgia
\ Central railway, would today accept the
' general management of the Interoeean
! Ie railway.
Baldwin's Defense
I SAN FRANCISCO. April 7—Lillian
! Ashley.who wants $75,000 damages from
|E. J. Baldwin for a wounded heart,
i and incidentally for the support of a
j two-year-old daughter, will have her
| claims passed upon by a jury before
] Judge- Slack next week. She is ex-
I pected to arrive soon from Los Angeles.
Baldwin will try to prove that Miss
I Ashley's heart had been won before
j ever she met him, and for that purpose
he has procured two depositions—one
I from Major H. C. Chamblin, a horse
i man with a farm near Richmond, Va.,
j and the other from R. Y. Hardin, a
i turf correspondent of Lexington, Ky.
Hardin says that she told Miss Ash
ley that her letters to Chamblin con
victed her of being other than she rep
resented herself to be. She implored
him not to make revelations and prom
ised to leave the place at once, which
she did.
Church Litigation
DAYTON, ■ ().. April 7.—A case be
twen the Radical and ILberal branches
of the United Brethren church in Tu
lare county, California, has been de
cided in favor of the former. Property
worth only $SOO is involved. The case
was heard two years ago and argued
last October. The Liberals, who hold
the seminary and publlsjitng house
I here will cary the case to the supreme
To Be or Not to Be that is
the Question
One Favoring Santa Monica to
to Be Held in a Hall
People are on tbe Alert and Will Not
Be Steered
The Issue Clearly and Graphically Set Beftrs
the Public
Mr. Bllnn's Exact Position and His Sentiments
Regarding the flatter—A Communlcatloa
From the Secretary ol the Council of La
bor—'tore Indorsements From Unions
To be. or not to be—that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the minds of cit
To work with pride tor a deep, free harbor
Where white-winged ships may come and
go I
Unhampered in their search for fortunes.
Or. by opposing this, cringe at the feet
Of Collis P., and aid him further
To snatch unhallowed, mountainous
From out the people's coffers. Whether
To work for home and country and Invite
Prosperiiv, or crook the hinges of the knee
In deep obeisance to one who knows not
But to o'erride. Thus cogitation Is sick
lied o'er
With the pale cast of thought.
What is the situation regarding the
] harbor question? The river and harbo*
| lull has passed the house of representa
j fives and is now in the senate, where it
i will be approved or amended. It car
! ries a paltry $50,000 for the improvement
of the inner harbor at San Pedro and
, nothing at all for Santa Monica. A
j discussion as to what the United States
' government should do in the premises
j lias no place here. That can be found
1 in its proper place on the editorial page.
INo public meetings were held yester
i day. but the very atmosphere was sur
j charged with the one great, almost
! vital question to Southern Calif urn tans,
' and the ramifications and side issues
I born of It. Those who believe "In San
j Pedro or nothing" because they know
I that tlie government will not construct
j two deep sea harbors, and that a harbor
, located in tlie open, roadstead off the
; Santa Monica bluffs will not in any
; sense be a free harbor—those who so be
lieve, and they are many, watched the
exploitations of the railroad sympa
thizers with amusement. The public is
not entirely unsophisticated.
Two mass meetings will be held
tonight. Those favoring San Pedro will
meet on the east side of the county,
court house. Those favoring Santa;
Monica will meet in Illinois hall, and
there is no danger that those desiring
to meet at the latter place will be ex
cluded on account of the failure to put
Up the rent. Captain Steere of the
Southern Pacific city offices is said to>
j have engaged the hall and paid the
charge therefor by check—and a South
ern Pacific check is good in these
' parts According to this those)
I who come up from San Pedro this even-
I ing for the purpose of attending the
! great meeting will be "Steered" Into
j Illinois hall—if certain parties can sue-
I coed in their plans. Those certain par
i ties are. however, on the list and will be)
Eloquent speakers, amung whom are
H. T. Hazard. George S. Patton, J. R»
Hush. J. It. New berry, w. C. Patterson,
and W. Li. Moore —these and good music
will be the features of the San Pedro
harbor meeting which will be held at
7:30 oclock tonight at the court house.
Mr. Blinn's Position
L. W. BUnn. president of the Sail
Pedro Lumber Company and until yes
j terday president of the Free Harbor
■ League, was seen last night at his resi
| dence by a Herald reporter in reference)
ito his rumored resignation from the
! presidency of the Free Harbor League.
Mr. Hlinn admitted that he had re-
I signed from the presidency, but said he
i had certainly not resigned his mem
! bershlp of the league, saw no reason
why he should, and had no intention
of doing so.
In answer to the reporter's question
as to his reasons for this action Mr.
BUnn replied:
"1 have resigned from the presidency,
because 1 am not quite in harmony with)
the present methods, those of calling a
mass meeting on the subject and the
temper of the address. I think it is un
wise to stir up strife on this subject. I
am still a firm adherent to and believer,
in San Pedro, but only as an Inner har
bor at present, because I believe there)
is no chance of getting an appropria
tion now for an outer. I am, as ever,
'. zealously In favor of an appropriation
for the inside harbor as outlined by
Col. Benyard, for the dredging of the
inside harbor and the deepening of
the water on the bar. to which, indeed,
we were entitled long ago. With all
the talk and all the telegrams I do not
believe there will be any appropriation
for an outer harbor, without there be
ing first a report In favor of it front
the government's engineers."
"My personal ideas are that the ret

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