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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, April 16, 1896, Image 1

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All about Southern California In the
La Fiesta Herald. Send your Eastern
frienda and relatives ■ copy. Particulars
on Editorial page . .......
; TWEXTY-FIPTH TEAE. NO. 188.
CARLISLE ON CURRENCY
Sound Money Doctrine Pre
sented at Chicago
IIS LWIL VIEWS ON FINANCE
Listened to by a Large and En
thusiastic Audience
CARLISLE AS A CANDIDATE
Steadily Growing In Favor Among the
Level.Headed Masses
Sound Money Men, Irrespective of Parly,
Offer Hearty Greeting
The " Herald". " Candidate Strengthen,
till Own Cause by Hla Earnest
Advocacy of the Interests ol
the Whole People
■pacial to Tut. Hekald.
CHICAGO, April 13.—Secretary Car
lisle positively declines interviews with
newspaper men while here. Though his
Speech tonight before one of the largest
fcatherlngs ever seen in the auditorium
Was non-partisan in character and his
mission solely to discuss the money
•luestlon from tho standpoint of the
business man and level-headed finan
cier, there is much talk connecting his
name with the Democratic nomination
for president. The feeling among
Bound money Democrats is growing in
favor of Carlisle's nomination.
To an intimate personal friend who
broached the subject to the secretary.
Mr. Carlisle declined to place himself
In the position of a candidate, but re
ferred to his recent letter on that sub
ject as clearly expressive of his feelings
and desires now as then. The leading
papers of this city, with one exception,
editorially commend and endorse the
secretary, and extend to him a cordial
greeting. The Tribune. Times-Herald
(Republlcan)and Record (Independent)
are as strong In their praises of the
great Kentucky statesman as ls the
Chronicle (Democratic.) Your corre
spondent talked with numerous lead
ing Chicago Democrats concerning the
Democratic candidate for president,
and found an almost unanimous senti
ment In favor of Carlisle,the man whom
the Herald last September nominated
for that position.
At the forthcoming Democratic state
convention there will be a hot. closely
contested fight between the sound
money Democrats and the party ma
chine, which ls wedded to free silver at
Sixteen to ore. The result will en far
toward shaping the action of the na
tional convention.
Mr. Carlisle opened with the asser
tion that the effect of the instability of
the cunvney must fall with more force
upon the poor than upon the rich man.
as must also the results nf suspension of
industrial activity. Said he:
"Labor cannot be hoarded; the Idle
day is gone forever; lost wages are
never reimbursed; and therefore steady
employment and good pay in good
money arc essential to the comfort and
happiness of the American laborer and
his wife and children, and he will be un
faithful to himself and them if he docs
not insist upon the adoption and main
tenance of such a policy as will most
certainly preserve the .value and stabil
ity of all our c urrency and promote'thc
regular and profitable conduct of all our
Industrial enterprises."
He then went on to argue that the
opening of tho mints to unlimited coin
. age nf silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 of
gold, would drive the $620,000,000 of gold
now in use out of the country, and by,
at tho same time, reducing the purchas
ing power of all other money, actually
reduce the amount of circulating me
dium instead o[ increasing it.
, Alexander Hamilton arid Thomas
Jefferson, he said, first established the
ratio between the two metals in the
money of this country. They were gov
erned in their decision entirely by the
market value of metals, relying in no
wise upon the power of the government
to establish relative values.
"They reached the conclusion," said
the secretary, "that the true commer
cial ratio at that time was IB to 1, that
Is that fifteen ounces of silver were
•qual In value to one ounce of gold, and
accordingly the act of 1702, which was
our first coinage law, authorized the
coinage of the two metals at that ratio.
At the ratio thus established tho sil
ver dollar contained 371*4 grains of line
■liver and the gold contained 24->4
grains of fine gold: but it was soon dis
covered that a mistake had been made
and that 371U grains of fine silver was
not in fact equal to 24% grains of fine
gold, and the consequence was that, al
though the difference between the
value of a silver dollar and the value
of a gold dollar was only about one
' cent and one-eighth of a cent, silver
drove gold out of use and out of th*
country, and from that time we had
silver monometallism until under tho
passage of the acts of 1834 and 1537. The
fact that the silver was put into tho
form of a coin and made legal tender the
same as gold and that both dollars
were declared to be worth one hundred
cents each did not Increase the value of
the 371>4 grains of silver to any ex
tent vvhatever. The people could not
be deceived by mere words printed In
a, statute; they soon learned that the
metal contained In the silver dollar
was not equal in value to the metal
contained in the gold dollar, and they
paid silver to their creditors and hoard
ed the gold or sent it out of the coun
try.
"In 1834 congress determined to re
store gold to circulation and so the ratio
was changed to 16 to 1. This was a
slight over valuation and Immediately
. the situation was reversed. Silver
fled from the country and gold came
in. Early In 1862 congress most un
wisely, in my opinion, authorized the
Issue of legal tender paper to circulate
as money, and the usual and inevitable
result followed. Gold ceased to be
used as money, and the banks and
the treasury having suspended specie
payments, the country was flooded with
a depreciated currency worth at times
less than CO cents on the dollar. Later
on fractional paper currency was au
thorized by congress and the effect of
nils was to drive out of circulation even
the lightweight subsidiary silver coins
Snd for many years not a single piece
of metallic mohey of any kind was
used by the people, except on the Pa
cific coast, where gold continued to
circulate at Its actual intrinsic value
without regard to the fictitious value
which the acts of con areas attributed
to the legal tender paper. After the
to, when it was determined to change
the character of our currency again by
the resumption of specie payments, the
law was enacted four years in advance
of the time when It was to take effect,
in order that ample opportunity might
be afforded to adjust the business of
the people to the altered conditions.
Now, however, all the conservative and
prudential conditions that have usual
ly controlled in the settlement of great
financial questions seem to be utterly
disregarded and we are confronted, by
an organized and aggressive movement
to destroy by a single blow the measures
of value upon which all existing con
tracts are based and thus subvert the
very foundations of our monetary sys
tem, without allowing a single day to
prepare for tho change. In the gen
eral confusion and disorder resulting
from such a radical measure what will
be the condition of the American labor
er? Will he be benefited or injured
by reducing the value of the money
In which his wages are paid and at
the same time Increasing the prices of
the commodities for which his wages are
expended?
"After struggling for over a quar
ter of a century, through labor organ
izations and otherwise, to secure a rate
of wages which would make the pro
ceeds of a day's work equal to the cost
of a day's subsistence for the worklng
raan and his family, you are asked by
the advocates of free coinage to join
them in destroying one-half the pur
chasing power of the money in which
you are paid, and impose upon your
selves the task of doubling the nomi
nal amount of your wages hereafter—
that is, to struggle for another quarter
of a century, or perhaps together to
raise your wages in a depreciated cur
rency to a point which will enable you
to purchase with them as much of the
nccesarles of life as you can purchase
now; and if, after years of contention,
privation, and industrial disorder, you
should at last succeed In so adjusting
wages that they would procure at the
higher prices of commodities just what
they will procure now at the existing
prices, what would you have gained by
the change from the old to the new con
ditions?"
The speaker then quoted from the re
port of the subcommittee on finance of
the senate, submitted March 3, 1893, on
the course of prices of labor and the va
rious articles of general consumption
during a period of fifty-two years, in
cluding the time when specie payments
were abandoned, after the beginning of
the civil war. In 1862 the wages of labor,
paid in depreciated paper, were less
than three per cent higher In paper
than when paid in gold, but the prices of
the 223 articles used by the laborers and
other people in the maintenance of their
families were nearly eighteen per cent
higher than they were when paid In
gold.
In 1863, he said, the price of labor had
increased lOVs per cent, and other prices
49 per cent. In 1864 the advances were
25'& and 9(H£, respectively; in 1865 they
were 43 and 117 per cent. He further
• alls attention to the fact that during
those years the government, by its army
and navy, had withdrawn hundreds of
thousands of men from competition in
the labor of the country.
The secretary quoted from a forth
coming report of the United States
minister to Santiago on the history ol' '■
the money of Chili for the past twenty '
years and its relation to the wages of the
laboring people, which shows that the
average received by the laborers of
Northern Chill, where wages are high
est, will buy about half what it would
twenty years ago. Referring to the fact
that Japan is a silver using country,
he said:
The Japanese silver yen is worth a
little less than 50 cents in our money,
and when the wages of labor, paid in
this depreciated coin, are reduced to
our standard of value, they appear so*
insignificant that it is difficult to under
stand why the people who receive the
miserable pittance can live and main
tain their families. The average dally
! earnings o? t> bricklayer amount to S3
! cents; blacksmiths, carpenters and cab
inet makers receive 30 cents, composi-
I tors in printing offices 29 cents; press
j men, 26 cents; roofers, 29 cents; stone
| cutters, 36 cents; ordinary tailors, 28
j cents; weavers, 25 cents, and In all the
long list of occupations and wages no
laborer,, however skilled, can be found
who receives more than 49 cents per
day, except porcelain artists in tho
great city of Yokohama, who get 72
cents. Factory laborers even In that
city, where most of the great industries
are carried on by American or Euro
pean capitalists, receive 21 cents per
day, and in other parts of the country
they receive less. Our neighboring re
public of Mexico, with constitutional
government very similar to our own,
with an area of 767.000 square miles snd
a population of only about 12,000,000,
'with almost marvelous natural re
sources awaiting development and
offering a most inviting field for the in
vestment of capital and the employ
ment of labor, has the silver standard
of value, gold not being in use, and if
cheap money is a blessing to the labor
ing man he ought to be prosperous and
happy in that country.
The Mexican dollar contains 377.17
grains of pure silver, or nearly six
grains more than is contained in our
dollar, and yet, not being sustained by
a monetary system which keeps it at a
parity with gold, it Is worth only abdut
53 cents in our money. Wages are paid
in silver and are very low in compari
son with the wages paid in this country
for the same services, in many instances
not being half as much, while the prices
of commodities generally are much'
higher than they are here. The prices
of imported articles especially are ex
orbitantly high In Mexico, because they
have to be paid for abroad in gold, and
the depreciation of their money is so
great that it requires nearly $2 in silver
to pay off $1 in gold.
You have doubtless observed recently
what appears to be quite a formidable
demonstration in favor of the free coin
age of sliver by certain large manufac
turing interests in the eastern part of
the country! on the ground that if we
continue to maintain our present stand
ard! of value the silver standard coun
tries, especially India, China and Ja
pan, will soon be able to undersell them
in the markets of the world. Reduced
to Its simplest form, the proposition of
these gentlemen ls that manufacturers
of certain kinds of goods in this country
cannot continue to pay their laborers
high wages In gold, or its equivalent,
and compete successfully in the mar
kets abroad with the manufacturers of
similar goods in silver standard coun
tries, who pay their laborers low wages
In depreciated silver, and, therefore,
they Insist that a monetary system
shall be adopted here which shall give
them the advantage of paying for their
labor in depreciated Silver. The theory
is that with free coinage of legal tender
silver the wages of labor in this country
would be paid in silver dollars worth
about half as much as gold dollars, but
the products of labor, which would be
long to the employer, would be sold for
gold in the markets abroad, and that
the gold thus, obtained could be ex
changed for silver at about the rate of
$1 In gold for $2 in sliver; and thus the
process would go on, the employer get
ting gold of full value and the laborer
getting depreciated silver; which. In the
cplnlon of these gentlemen, would bo
a most happy solution of this question.
If the interests of labor are to be left
entirely out of consideration, and If it
were not reasonably certain that a sud-
THE HERALD
LOS ANGELES. THUBSDAT MORNING* APBIL 16, 1896.
den revolution in our money system
would at once arrest the progress of all
our Industries and produce almost uni
versal bankruptcy, this scheme to make
the employer very rich and the laborer
very poor might be worthy of serious
consideration, but the American labor
er has a right to demand pay for his
work in as good mohey as the manufac
turer receives for his products in any
part of the world, and when he surren
ders this right he ls doomed to the same
fate that has already overtaken his
brothers in the silver standard coun
tries.
It is but simple justice to say, in
this connection, that the great body of
employers, a vast majority of the men
who have embarked their capital in in
dustrial enterprises and are relying for
success upon their skill and energy In
the prosecution of their business, do
not want the present standard altered.
Every individual who owed a debt at
home or abroad would be called upon to
pay it: all depositors in banks and oth
er institutions would want to withdraw
their money at the same time; no loans
could be negotiated, and no credit would
be given, because no man would lend
money or sell property on time when he
knew with absolute certainty he would
oe paid in a depreciated currency. Cred
itors would not wait for the actual pass
age of a free coinage law, but as soon
as such a measure had received the ap
proval of the people at an election they
would demand their money, and If not
paid they would enforce its collection
by judicial proceedings and the forced
sale of property. It ls useless for you
or me or anybody else to say that de
positors In banks and other creditors
ought not to pursue this course when
a crisis comes or ls apprehended, for
they always have pursued '.t and al
ways Will, unless human nature itself
should be changed.
"Less than three years ago you saw
our financial, commercial and industri
al affairs violently disturbed by the
fear that the government would not
be able to maintain gold payments and
that our currency would descend to a
silver basis. Tou saw the operations
of industry Interrupted, banks falling,
great commercial houses unable to
ivieet their obligations, credit serlouslv
impaired, mills and factories closed,
and millions of laborers thrown out of
employment and a state of panic and
uullltltJSO) uiavLuci jji c,i ii tit cvcijf
part of the country. If a mere doubt
as to the kind of money we intended to
use produced these distressing results,
w.hat. think you. would be the proba
ble consequences of a determination
upon the part of our people to adopt
silver monometallism as a permanent
system ? The Imagination can scarce
ly conceive the deplorable state of so
ciety that would Immediately follow
the announcement of such a policy and
I will not attempt to describe it."
At the conclusion of the secretary's
remarks J. C. Roberts, who was In the
audience, rose from his seat and began
to talk. There were loud hisses and
cries of "Sit down," but Mr. Roberts
kept on. Finally several policemen
started down the aisle and Mr. Roberts
subsided. There was great excitement
In the hall for a few minutes.
THE REBELLION IN CUBA
The Insurgents Victorious ia Several
Severe Battles
The Provlalonal Government of Cuba Will
laauo Bonds and a Pair Price
la Expected
NEW YORK. April I«.—The World
this morning prints the following cor
respondence from Santiago de Cuba,
dated April 7:
A Spanish force of 1400 men made up
from the Simanca regiment and the
Manzautllo guerillas under Col. Santos,
defeated 800 Insurgents under Tamaya,
April 2, near Vequita. The Insurgents
lost 28 killed and 67 wounded; the Span
ish loss was Insignificant. This de
feat enraged the rebels, who were aware
that the Spanish Gen. Gonzales with
1000 men, must pass a place called Gal
lego that day. and they decided to lay
in wait for them. The rebels were re
inforced by Wilson's party until they
numbered 1600. As soon as the Span
iards appeared the Cubans began firing
steadily. Gen. Gonzales placed his
vanguard In charge of Col. Mendei:.
who made a gallant defense, but the
rebels gained a complete victory. The
Spanish abandoned the field, leaving
three dea l and 117 wounded. Of the
Cubans 9 were killed and 24 wounded.
The insurgents captured 60 guns and
a large quantity of ammunition.
Near Auzcats a Spanish captain, Pe
rez, with a band of guerilla, was de
feated April 1 by Lieut. Carransea at
the head of 400 insurgents. The Span
ish loss was 19 killed and 36 wounded,
the insurgent loss four killed and nine
wounded.
Gen. Obregon, with 100 Spanish infan
try and cavalry, met the insurgent for
ces, of Gen. Vasquez, 800 strong. The
insurgent leader attacked the Spanish
vanguard with a rifle and machete
charge, which so terrorized the sol
diers that the column fled. Gen. Obre
gon found himself in imminent dan
ger of capture. Of the Spaniards ninety
were killed and 185 wounded. The
rebels lost four killed and thirty
wounded.
The Spanish commander Garrldo,
with one batallion of regulars and his
guerillas, 800 in all. met the rebel lead
er Bonne, with 1700 men, near, Monte
sano, March 31. There was fighting for
more than 8-n hour, both sides suffering
heavily. According to private reports
the Spaniards lost nearly 200 killed and
wounded.
A CUBAN BOND ISSUE •
NEW YORK. April 15.—The World
tomorrow will state that gold bonds of.
the provisional republic of Cuba will
soon be on the market, and that the se
curities are., already engraved. Sealed
proposals fdr their purchase have been
asked, so that the long anticipated
financial move on the part of the revolu
tionists Is actually made. The» entire
issue planned Is 110.000,000. but the first
debenture will Involve onjy $2,000,000 of
the whole, principal due ten years after
the evacuation of the Island by the
Spanish forces and all revenues are
pledged to the payment of principal and
interest. No bid under 60-per cent of the
face value will be received. The au
thority to isue the bonds ls conferred
on Thomas Estrada Palma by the re
public of Cuba.
Several Wall street bankers were seen
In reference to the matter,'and ex
pressed the belief that the bonds would
command a fair price. _
XENIA. Ohio. April 15.—Charles Morris,
the confessed murderer of Mr. and Mrs.
Douthetts, committed suicide this morning
by cutting his throat with a razor when
told to get ready to go to Columbus to
bang. When the sheriff asked him lo get
ready he said "a,, right." and turning
around made the cut-and died before-thc
could get to him. Morris committed th-j
murder eight,years ago and was acquitted.
While in the penitentiary as a burglar, and
thinking he was about to dle,from a self
inflicted wound, hi confessed, to the mur
der. Another trial for rnuader followed;
CONSTANTINOPLE. April- 15.—Rev.
George P. Knapp; the American' mlsslon
arv charged by Turkey with stirring,up the
Armenians to revolt, and who was said to
be detained By the vail ofDlarbeklr, haa
arrived at Aleppo.
THE FIFTY-FOURTH CONGRESS
Dupont's Case Occupies tbe At-1
tention of Senators
SOLDIERS' HOME MANAGERS
Bluntly Charged With Incompetency and
Gross Corruption
Governor Salts, la Charge ot tho Leaven
worth Hone, Charged With Drunken
■ais sad Unspeakable Knavery
Associated Press Special Wire.
WASHINGTON. April 15.—The sen
ate spent the entire day on the Dupont
case, Mr. Gray of Delaware arguing
against the claim of Mr. Dupont. Dur
ing the day Mr. Gorman proposed an
agreement that a final vote on the Du
pont case be taken next Wednesday.
Mr. Mitchell, in charge of the case,
declined to make an agreement at this
time. This tender by Mr. Gorman was
regarded as significant of the confi
dence of the opposition to Mr. Dupont
to reßist his claims to a seat.
Mr. Gray will proceed with his speech
tomorrow, after which there ls promise
of a further clash over taking up the
bond resolution, as Mr. Allison stated
today that the bond question must give
way to appropriation bills.
Mr. Gray yielded at 4 o'clock, and the
senate went Into executive session.
At 4:55 the senate resumed its open
session. Bills were passed amending
the law relating to the protection of
salmon fisheries in Alaska, for the sale
of public lands by private sale in the
state ot Missouri and to pay the heirs
of Sterling D. Austin $59,287, appropriat
ing $17,000 for acquiring burial grounds
at Fort Meigs and Put-In-Bay Island,
Ohio and the interment therein of the
soldiers and sailors of the war of 1812.
At 5:30 the senate adjourned.
IN THE HOUSE
Soldlera' Home Management Cornea In for
Bitter Criticism
WASHINGTON, April H—The re
port of the elections committee on the
case of Gordon vs. Latimer, third dis
trict of South Carolina, in favor of the
sitting member was adopted by the
house without division.
Mr. Hull, Republican, of lowa, chair
man of the committee on miitary af
fairs, called up a resolution for the ap
polnment of William B. Franklin of
Connecticut, Thomas J. Henderson of
Illinois, George W. Steele of Indiana,
as members of the board of managers of
the national soldiers' homes,
Mr, Blue, Republican, of Kansas, who
has on several recent occasions severely
criticised Gen. Franklin, at once asked
three hours to discuss the resolution.
He said he held in his hand (flourishing
a lot of papers) charges against Gen.
Franklin and Smith, the manager of the
Leavenworth home, for whom the form
er was respoueible, for-cruel and brutal
treatment of the Inmates of the home at
Leavenworth, Kas., where he said 2000
soldiers were today practically Incarcer
ated. He proposed to offer an amend
ment to substitute the name of "that
gallant soldier, O. O. Howard," for that
of Gen. Franklin.
Mr. Hull declined to make any con
cession as to the time, and Mr., Bine,
opened his attack. His purpose, he said,
was to free the Leavenworth homo
from the drunken and brutal man now
at Its head.
"Do you know he has been drunk?"
asked Mr. Steel, a member of the board.
"I do—vomiting, pui ing drunk—and
I will produce the proof."
"Is he not at the head of a Keeley or
ganization?" inquired Mr. Steel.
"He is," replied Mr. Blue, "at $1200 a
year."
"I do not believe he was drunk," said
Mr. Steel.
"The gentleman." replied Mr. Blue
contemptuously, "is gorged with misin
formation regarding these homes."
Continuing, Mr. Blue read several let
ters criticising Gen. Franklin and Gov.
Smith, one of them alleging that Gov.
Smith was not only a drunkard, but a
corrupt man. •
He concluded his array of testimony
by reading an affidavit from an inmate
of the Leavenworth home charging Gov.
Smith with drunkenness, cruelty and
great favoritism. He claimed that Gov.
Smith maintained the biggest saloon In
Kansas under the shadow of the flag the
soldiers fought to save. Last year, he
said, the profits ot the beer hall alone
were $13,000. That saloon, he said, was
run by the man who was flhe head of the
Keeley league.
"Have you any charges to make
against tho personal character of Gen.
Franklin?" asked Mr. Hill, Republican,
of Connecticut.
"I charge," replied Mr. Blue, with
great deliberation and emphasis, "that
the inspector's reports show that Gen.
Franklin ls either grossly negligent and
incompetent, or that he Is not honest.
He knows of these beer saloons: he
knows of Smith's conduct, and If the
reports are true he holds in his hands,
in violation of the law, trust funds that
should'have been turned into the gen
eral fund."
Mr. Blue also read an affidavit charg
ing that a contract existed whereby the
Keeley cure was to be given to some
Inmates for $6, while others were charg
ed $20. What became of the difference
the affiant, said he, did not know.
"Had not the board made an investi
gation of Governor Smith's administra
tion?" asked Mr. Hill.
"An Investigation made by the board
of managers," replied Mr. Blue, "is a
roaring farce. No man in the home
dares to testify, and I charge here and
now that the investigation was made
for the purpose of shielding Governor
Smith. It ls an open secret," he con
tinued, "that committee on military af
fairs voted five to four against Gen.
Franklin's reappointment. Then, by
some occult influence to which I do not
care to refer, one of the members of
the committee was induced to change
bis vote."
In concluding his arraignment, Mr.
Blue charged that under Franklin's
management last year $250,000 of gov
ernment property had been condemned
or destroyed, and that the board had
last year made a trip to the Santa Mon
ica, Cal., home at the cost of $6000. He
appreciated, he said, all these subtle
and powerful Influences at work lo
keep Gen. Franklin on the board. He
iclterated and reaffirmed the charges
he had made and concluded with the
statement that as long as he had a.
place on the floor he would defend his
comrades against the brutality of the
contemptible man at the head of the
Leavenworth home.
Mr. Curtis (Rep., N. V.) replied to Mr.
Blue in a calm and temperate speech.
The charges, he said, were old. They
had been investigated and the official
report did not substantiate them.
In conclusion Mr. Curtis paid.a high
personal tribute to Gen. Franklin.
Mr. Steel (Rep.. Ind.) a member of the
board of managers, made an impress
ive defense of the board. He eulogized
the work of the homes, which, since
their establishment, had cared for 75.
--000 soldiers and had expended $40,000,000
without the loss of a farthing. The
Keeley League, he said, was formed In
1592. Over 1300 soldiers had taken the
cure and there had been only thirteen
lapses. He denied that anyone was
forced to take the cure. He had read
a telegram from Governor Morrill of
Kansas endorsing the management of
the Leavenworth home and saying that
he was responsible for the organization
of the Keeley League at that home.
He also read telegrams from reputable
citizens of Leavenworth.
With rgard to the charges that post
buildings were insured in companies in
which Gen. Franklin was interested,
Mr. Steel said that post buildings were
insured to the amount of $199,000. There
were 72 policies; of them five were In
companies In which Gen. Franklin had
an insignificant interest.
"Do you, as a member of the board,"
Inquired Mr. Walker (Rep., Mass.) "in
tend to keep as governor of the Leaven
worth home a man who was drunk all
during the war and ls now in the habit
of getting drunk?"
Mr. Steel replied that as a member of
the board he would vote to oust Smith
if proof were adduced that he had been
drunk.
At this point Mr. Poole, Republican of
New York, who was one of Col. Smith's
comrades during the war frequently, he
said, sleeping under the same blanket
and drinking from the same canteen
with him, gave his personal estimate of
him as a soldier and a man. He denied
most emphatically that Col. Smith was.
ever drunk during the war, and paid a
high tribute to his bravery as a soldier
and ability as a man.
Mr. Mahone, Republican of Pennsyl
vania, moved to amend the resolution
so as to provide for a Joint committee
of the house and senate to Investigate
the charges .against Mr. Smith.
Mr. Henry, Republican of ronnectl
cut, said a few words In eulogy of Gen.
Franklin.
With the understanding that a vote
should be had at 3 oelock the house, at 5
oelock, adjourned.
The president today transmitted to
congress, without comment, the corre
spondence called for by the senate at
the Instance of Senator Hoar relative to
an attempt at mediation made by the
United States government during the
preceding rebellion in Cuba, The
greater part of It has already been made
public.
The senate confirmed the nomina
tion of Charles E. McChesney of Hart
ington, Neb., to be agent for the Indians
of the Rosebud agency in South Da
kota, and ratified the Bering sea arbi
tration treaty.
BALDWIN MADE PROMISES
Which Brought Sorrow to Innocent
Little Lillian Ashley
Th* Tale the Pretty Plalntlil Talis in the
Hope of Securing Some Substantial
Honey Damaica
SAN FRANCISCO, April 15.—"1 send
you a thousand kisses," wrote Lucky
Baldwin to his lady friend in the East,
arKt then he Went On to describe trow
very much he longed for. her to come
to California to return them. The let
ter was sent to Miss Lillian Ashley,
who was then at school near Boston. It
was in 1891, and she was then 22. Now
she is 27 and the plaintiff In a suit for
seduction in which she demands $75,000
damages for herself and the support of
her child. Baldwin is the defendant in
the suit. Baldwin hud seen the young
woman at her home In the East, and
had, she said, made premises to her
which opened out a golden future. She
was to go to school, to the best colleges
the surrounding country could offer,
and all at his expense. She was to wear
fine clothes and have money In her
locket, and when she had grown a
little bit more she was to come west
and be his daughter.
Two years after he saw her on her
way coastward. There was money In
her pocket and hope in her heart and
she was going to sec "Lucky," who had
sent her so many kisses, and who want
ed them all returned with interest. Her
way was punctuated with telegrams.
"tic sure you look for me," said one.
"I will be waiting for you," breathed
another.
"Ynu must conic right to the Baldwin
Hotel," whispered a third, and so. With
tile hits of yellow paper in her pocket,
she came westward, carrying the thous
and kisses.
"Lucky" Baldwin could not meet her
as he promised. An unsympathetic
telegram told her that when she was
near Tucson, but it added the cheerful
news that she was to go to the Baldv, in
Hot"l anyway, and he would see her
there.
She did go to tbe Baldwin hotel and
to San Diego and to Coronado and to
the Santa Anita ranch, and she had
horses and carriages at her disposal
whenever she pleased, and her brother
was given employment when she sent
for him to come out, and everything
went along too smoothly to last. Then
she told her brother what bad happen
ed. Both were opposed to making a bad
matter worse,, so nothing was said until
the case got too far for concealment.
Then she wrote and asked for assist
ance, and then she pleaded, and now
she ls bringing suit. The child was
born in Los Angeles on December 7,1893.
This is Miss Ashley's story of the
case, as set forth in her deposition,
which has just arrived from where she
is staying in Southern California.
A NEW TRIAL
Wm. Marehall of Riverside ia aiven Another
1 * vhar.ee"
SAN FRANCISCO, April 15.—Will
iam Marshall, convicted of murder and
sentenced to death, will get a new trial.
The supreme court decided today that
the lower court erred in charging the
jury and the errpraJyasioS such a char
acter as to prejudice his defense.
Marshall was charged with the mur
der of Frank Hamilton at Bowers, Riv
erside county, on April s, 18»6, Hamil
ton was a negro and became engaged in
it quarrel with Marshall in a Chinese
restaurant. Hamilton drew a revolver
and wkarned Marshall away. The lat
ter remarked tbat If he had a gun ho
would blow Hamilton's black eyes out.
They separated, but met again fifteen
minutes later, w hen Marshall stepped
up to Hamilton nnd remarked, "Now I
have got a gun," and fired. A by-sland
er named Larson was shot. Hamilton
drew his revolver and emptied his
weapon at the other. Hamilton was
killed and Marshall was wounded. The
evidence shot that Hamilton was shot
before he drew his revolver.
The attorney-general admits that the
instruction ot the superior Judge was
erroneous but declares It was not In
jurious to the defendant because there
was no evidence of self-defense.
The supreme court says the testimony
of the defendant did tend to show justi
fication, and though it was uncorrob
orated, he. had a right to have his evi
dence, and if It were sufficient to raise
a. reasonable doubt In tho minds of tho
jurors as .to whether the killing was
justifiable, he was entitled to an ac
quittal.
So* notice of Tbe Herald's Mammoth
Illustrated La Fiesta edition on Editorial
pag-e. Mall copies to Eastern friends
•ad relatives ..........
IN THE POLITICAL FIELD
The Nebraska Republicans In
struct for McKinley
AN A. P. A. PRONUNCIAMENTO
Of Unalterable Opposition to tbe Expo
nent of Protection
Democrat! ol Mlaaouri and Colorado Call for
Freo Co! oaf*, Republican* ot Ken
tucky for Sound rionoy
Associated Press Special Wire.
OMAHA, Neb.. April 15.—Tha state
convention of Nebraska Republicans to
select four delegates to the national
convention convened in Omaha to
night with 1057 delegates present. Not
withstanding the general concession
that the body was unanimous for Mc-
Kinley for president and ready to ac
cept anything fathered by Senator
John M. Thurston, the session was by
no means harmonious an da fight of
considerable proportions developed ear
ly. William P. McCreary was made
temporary chairman and the temporary
organisation made permanent. The
first ripple of excitement was proviked
when ex-Governor Crounse introduced
a resolution intended as a rebuke to
Senator Thurston for bis activity in the
campaign throughout the state leading
up to the selection of delgates. It com
pared him with individuals in ancient
and modern history who have assumed
the roles of dictators and concluded
with an extended recitation calculated
to ridicule Senator Thurston.
The resolutions were tabled without
discussion. ,
The following delegates were select
ed by acclamation and instructed to
support McKinley;
J. L. Webster, Peter Jensen, T. P.
Kennard and George H. Thlmmel.
The resolutions congratulate the coun
try upon the certain return of the Re
publicans to power.
The financial plank is as follows:
"We pledge ourselves in advance to
: the platform of the forthcoming Repub
lican national convention, believing it
will declare against the free and unlim
ited coinage of silver and for a currency
of gold, silver and paper as sound as the
government and as untarnished as Its
honor, and for that American system
of protection and reciprocity of which
William McKinley is the best living ex
ponent, and under which our people at
tained the greatest national and indi
vidual prosperity."
" One of the side lights of the conven
tion which at one time seemed likely
to develop into interesting proportions
was the attitude of the A. P. A. toward
McKinley. H. A. Thompson of St.
Louis, member of the executive com
mittee ot the advisory board of the A.
P. A., arrived in the city this moning
direct from the Cincinnati meeting of
the board, at which it was decided to
oppose the nomination of McKinley. Ne
branka leaders of the organisation
headed for his room atid soon a lively
conference was In progress. Mr. Thomp
son announced the object of his visit
to be the delivering of a message to the
Nebraska members of the order that
the delegation be selected by the state
convention should not be Instructed for
McKinley, but under the circumstances
nothing more than an instructed dele
gation would be asked from Nebraska.
Mr. Thompson spoke positively. The
order, through Its chosen representa
tives and leaders, had decided absolute
ly and without reservation, that a fight
to the end was to be waged on McKin
ley. It was to be waged on him as a
candidate before the eßpublican na
tional convention, and If it did not suc
ceed there it was to be carried to the
polls. No good A. P. A., according to
the law as laid down, could now or at
any time In the future support, lend
aid or comfort to the MeKlnley candi
dacy.
1 The St. Louis man was finally told
; that It was too late to change the slate,
• since the arrangements had ben com-
I pleted to send McKinley delegates to
I St. Louis, and the conference ended.
MISSOURI DEMOCRATS
SKDALIA, Mo., April 15.—Chairman
I Mafrltt rapped the Democratic statu
I convention to order at 12:110. Congress
man William H. Hatch was announced
las temporary chairman and made an
; able address. The mention of Bland as
! one of the most faithful Democrats
i brought forth cheers. Hatch begged the
J leaders to stand by the doctrines of
i Democracy as laid down by Its founders
and proposed the Chicago convention
: follow the lead taken by the Pertle
I Springs convention and adopt an un-
I equivocal silver platform.
The resolutions committee organized
jby naming Thomas Shackelford of
j Howard chairman and J. P. Lloyd nf
; Shelby secretary, and almost Immedl
j ately named a sub-committee with
Louis Houck chairman, to draw up
I resolutions. Isaac Lionberger of St.
; Louis was the only ctnld member of the
j convention. Dr. D. H. Shields was
! made chairman of the credentials com
mittee and J. D. Farris secretary. The
committee was not ready to report
when the delegates reconvened at 4
oelock, and not until S:2O did the con
vention reconvene.
The credentials committee then, after
a hard right of four hours, reported In
favor of the Kansas City Stone-Brown
I dele-ration, a decided victory for Gov.
j Stone. The faction dominated by Fran
cis and Shelley was completely shut out.
J The report was adopted.
Permanent organization was the ef-
I footed. M. E. Bellon of Newton being
j elected permanent chairman and Sam
| Cook of Mexico, one of the most active
silver men in the state, was made sec
retary. Bellon assumed the gavel, and
amid great applause made one of the
strongest free silver speeches of the
j day.
Following this the report of the com-
I mittec on resolutions was read. The
resolutions hold that the paramount
i issue now before the people of the
I'nited States relates to the monetary
system to be adopted by this country;
demand the free and unlimited coinage
of silver and gold at the ratio of 16 to 1
without waiting for the action or ap
j proval of any other government: oppose
i the issuing of interest-bearing bonds of
! the United States in time of peace, and
instruct the delegates to cast their votes
and use their influence in the Chicago
convention for the adoption of the sen
timents expressed, and to vote as a
unit on all questions coming before such
national convention.
The silver plank was applauded, as
wore references to. Vest, Cockrcll and
Stone. Gov. Stone then set the con
vention afire by presenting a resolu
tion nominating R. P. Bland as dele
gate to the Chicago convention. Con
tinuing, he paid a glowing tribute to
Bland, mentioning him as the logical
candidate ot the party. The resolu
tion was adopted by a rising vote.
Bland immediately arose and declared
it would be Impossible for him to serve
as delegats-at-large and declined the
CITY PRICE, PER SINQLE COPY, j CENTS
ON TRANSPORTATION LINES, g CENTS
honor. Nominations for delegatea
were then in order. The rules wero
suspended and Senators Vest and
Cockrell and Gov. Stone were unani
mously elected delegates-at-large. G.
W. Allen was elected as the fourth
delegate. The convention finished its
work by selecting two delegates and
two alternates from each of the sixteen
congressional districts. Of this num
ber about eighteen favor the solo)
standard, while the remainder are for
free silver. The convention, beside*
being one of the largest in the history
of the state, was also one of the mast
enthusiastic and disorderly on record.'
One of the bitterest fights of the con
vention came at the close of the gath
ering. It arose when C. C. Maffltt of
St. Louis, the gold bug leader of thai
state, was nominated for delegate from
the fourteenth district. The commit
tee divided. Butler of St. Louis and
Gov. Stone taking sides, respectively tor
and against Maffltt, and making tha
hottest speeches of the day. For a
time a split seemed certain. The roll
was called and Maffitt was turned down
on a vote and George R. Gregory of
St. Louis was nominated in bis steel.
The convention adjourned sine die
at 12:10 a. rh.
DENVER, April 15—The Democratic
state convention held here today, after
adopting a free silver platform and
electing one delegate at large, adjourn
al to 7:SO tonight.
As Senator Tillman of South Carolina:
was to speak in the same theater in
which the convention was transacting
its business. It was impossible to
proceed with further elections until af
ter the ex-governor had finished. Tha
theater was packed with people anxious
to hear Senator Tillman speak. Thous
ands of people were unable to gain ad
mittance. The senator prefaced his
speech with a history of the Democrat
ic and Republican parties. He soon
drifted Into a sarcastic arraignment of
President Cleveland and the present ad
ministration. He remarked:
"Who Is this man in Washington mas
querading In the clothes of Jefferson,
snd pretending to be Introducing 1 re
forms? God, that the name of Democ
racy should be disgraced by such a man
as Grover Cleveland."
He spoke in this strain when referrtnar
to Senator Sherman, Major McKinley
and Secretary Carlisle. He concluded?
"We are face to face with a crisis.
Men are casting about to find out where
the shoe pinches."
He urged the Democrats and Repub
licans alike to bolt at their respective
national conventions should gold plat
forms be adopted, and assured the gold
delegation that the south would stand
solid with the west should It be neces
sary "to leave the convention hall."
It was an anti-administration con
vention throughout. Chairman M -
Aliny of Pueblo made a strong silver
speech, as did permanent chairman
Judge Royal of the same city. Tha
latter, after making a long and sincere
plea for the white metal at the ratio of
16 to 1, eulogized Senators Vest and
Cockrell of Missouri and other promi
nent silver advocates of the East. When
he mentioned the name of ex-Congrens
man Bland the delegates applauded and
cheered. The platform, which was
unanimously adopted, deals with no
other question but. that of the monetary
issue and favors free coinage at tho
ratio of 16 to 1.
After Senator Tillman finished hie
| speech the convention reassembled and
! completed the delegates at large and
{ congressional delegates, marking the
! selections as follows:
Delegates at large—C. S. Thomaa of
' Arapahoe county, T. J .O'Donnell of
Arapahoe, B. Sweeney of Las Animas,
and Adair Wilson of La Plata.
Delegates from First congressional
district—R. W. Spear; second, H. H. Sel
| domrldge.
The convention then adjourned.
I Previous to adjournment Hon. Char-
J les S. Thomas of Denver, who was elect
ed delegate at large by acclamation, ad
| dressed the convention, and his re
marks regarding the action of the Col
orado delegation at the Chicago con
vention be considered significant, inas
much as he ls and has been for many
years a representative Democratic;
j leader. He censured the present ad
! ministration, concluding his address:
' "If. after the efforts of our delegation
|at Chicago, silver is not recognized, I
i will withdraw from the convention."
I As Mr. Thomas will likely lead tha
j Colorado delegation at Chicago, his ut
■ tcrances in this respect are taken mean
i ingly.
KENTUCKY REPUBLICANS
i LOUISVILLE, Ky.. April 15.—The Re
! publican state convention, after two
I long and weary sessions, adjourned soon
! after midnight until 0 oelock tomorrow,
j morning. -While nothing more than or
! aanization and a few nominating l
j speeches were accomplished, the result
j of the day's proceedings served to make
i certain the control of the Bradley men,
j securing to the governor tbe endorse
j ment of his state as a presidential can
i didate, the adoption of a platform to his
| liking, containing a fiat declaration for
I the gold standard, and the selection of
delegates at large from this state fa
vorable to him. There was a strong;
McKinley sentiment in the convention,
and friends of the Ohioan were defeated
! by a narrow margin on the vote on tem
j pOrary organization. After that tha
■ Bradley men had things their own way.
| The convention was called to order at
j 2:;15 p. m. by Hon. John W. Terkes,
I chairman of the state central commit
tee, who made a brief speech congratu
| luting the Kentucky Republicans upon
I the recent victories and nominating for
I temporary chairman Judge Thomas m\
I .Morrow of Pulaski county.
The Bradley men placed ill nomlna
j Hon George Denny, jr., of Lexington.
The vote resulted: Morrow, 883 4-5;
Denny, 712 1-5.
Judge Morrow, on taking the chair,
congratulated the Republicans of Ken
tucky on the progress they had made in
the past three years.
They should, he said, make their en
dorsement of sound money unequivocal.
He favored such protection that every
laborer in the land may know the Re
publican party for his friend. There
was an enthusiastic demonstration
when the speaker urged every delegate
to the support of that superb leader—
the greatest leader any party ever had
in any state—Gov. W. O. Bradley.
Temporary organization was com
pleted by the organization of regular
committees, after which the conven
tion adjourned.
NEBRASKA REPUBLICANS.
FARGO. N. D.. April 15.—The Repub
lican state convention just closed in
this city was In some respectß the most
interesting and enthusiastic ever held
in this state. Free stiver was turned
down. The delegates to the St. Louis
convention were instructed to use all
honorable means to support McKinley.
A PRIVATK PRIMARY.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 15.—Tha
Spreckels wing of the local Republican
party held its primaries this afternoon
to select delegates to the state conven
tion. The regular ticket was In the
intrest ef Allison's candidacy but theri
were hard contests in many districts,
so that McKinley men will have a rep
resentation from this city at the com
ing convention at Sacramento.
BOSTON, April 15.— Daly defeated Garj
nier, the Belgian champion. In tbe third
ocntest of the International billiard tour,
nnment at Bumstead hall tonight by a
score ot 300 to 357. Daly.s highest run was
24. average 4.474. Garnler's highest ritu waa
24, average J. 574.

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