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"STAR SPANGLED BANNER"
I was in Washington a few days prior to tbe inauguration of Lincoln, having been sent there by Harpers to take sketches when that event should come off. I did nothing but walk around the city and feel the public pulse, so to speak. There was no necessity of saying anything to any body. You intuitively recognizod that trouble waa brewing. Many people had sworn that Lincoln should not lie inaugurated. Their utter- 1 ances had fired the northern heart, and the people loyal to the old Hag were just as determined that the lawfully-elected presi dent should be inaugurated, though blood should flow in the attempt. It was an awful time. People looked different then than they do now. Little knots of men rould be seen conversing in whispers on street corners, and even the whispers ceased when a person unknown to them approached. Everybody seemed to suspect every one else. Women looked askance at each other; children obliged to be out would skurry home as if frightened, probably having been given warning by their par ents. The streets at night for several nights prior to the inaugural ceremonies were practically deserted. There was a hush over everything. It seemed to me that the shadow of death was hovering near. I hod constantly floating before my eyes sable plumes and trappings of woe. I could hear dirges constantly, and thought for a while that I would have to leave the place or go crazy. I knew all these somber thoughts were but imagination, but I also knew that the something that had influ enced my imagination was tangible, really existed. The 4th of March came and Mr. Lincoln was inaugurated quietly and without oston tation. After the services were over and it became known that Mr. Lincoln had really been inducted into oflice, there was a sav age snarl went up from the disaffected ones. The snarl was inftctious. It was answered by just as savage growls all over the city, but nothing was said. A single yell of defiance, a single pistol shot or even an oath would have precipitated a conflict. Men simply glared at each other and gnashed their teeth, but wore careful not to grit them so it could be heard. I went to my room in the Willard and sat down to do some work. I couldn't work. The stillness was oppressive. At least a dosen times I picked up my pencils, only to throw them down again. I got up and paced tbe floor nervoualy. I heard men on either aide of me doing the same thing. Walking didn't relieve the severe mental strain. I sat down in a chair and pressed my head in my hands. Suddenly I hoard a window go up and some one step out on the balcony of the Ebbitt house, directly opposite. Everybody in the hotel had heard him. What is he going to do? I aaked myself, and I suppose everyone else propounded the same interrogation. We hadn't to wait long. He began to sing the Star Spangled Ban ncr in a clear, strong voice. The effect was magical — electrical. One window went up, and another, and heads popped out all over the neighborhood. People began to stir on tbe streets. A crowd soon gathered. The grand old song was taken up by thousands. The spell was broken, and when the song waa finished tonguea were loosened and cheer after cheer rent the air. The man rooming next to me rapped on my door and insisted that I should take a walk with him. As we passed along the corridors we were joined by others, men wild with joy, some of them weeping and throwing their arms around each others' necks. Others were singing and all were happy. Washington was itself again. Tbe Star Spangled Banner bad saved it,—Thomas Nast in Boston Standard. THE NEW "SAWBATH" IN SCOTLAND Stmt Can Run and rtuseums Open tn Spite of V*» amines For some time past it has been painfully evident to the student of men and things north of the Tweed that Scotland is degen erating—that she is slowly but surely fall ing from her high estate. During the past few years many and wonderful changes have occurred in the northern kingdom, but perhaps the most note noteworthy of these is the extraordinary change which haa taken place in tlie ob servance of the first day of tbe week. When tlie magistrates of Glasgow a few years ago authorized the running of tramway cars on Sunday, it was predicted that a terrible judgment would fall upon that city on account of its wickedness, and perhaps it is due to the gloomy prognosti cations of the Sabbatarian Cassandras that no other town in Scotland has followed in the wake of Glasgow, When the Edin burgh Botanic gardens were thrown open on Sundays another wail went forth; but, alssl notwithstanding threats of "judg ments" the public throng there. And, in spite of tbe shrieks and denunciations of the Sabbath Observance society, steamers laden with passengers ply in the Firth of Forth every Sunday during the season; coaches convey pleasure seekers from the town to tbe country and cyclists "scorch" along the roads of Scotland in all direc tions. Quite lately the battle of Sunday golf was fought and ended in a victory for the Sunday golfer; and on every band there are signs that tbe old-fashioned ijcottish "Sawbath" has "departed, never to return." A most remarkable proof of this is fur nished by the plea of a deputation which waited upon the lord provost of Edinburgh this week. The members of the deputa tion were for the most part eminent minis ters and ollice bearers of tbe Free Church of Scotland, who in time past were con sidered rigid Sabbitarians. Some of them, indeed, are members of the Sabbath Ob servance society. Yet this deputa tion interviewed the lord provost in the interests of those who used to be considered Sabbath breakers. There was a time, not very long ago, when the heinous sin of vaging or stravaigmg (1. c. walking) on the Sunday was punishable by im prisonment in the stocks; but it was in tlie interests of stravaigers that the present day Sabbattarians solicited the .Lord Pro vost to prevent golf playing on the Braid hill ou Sundays. They stated distinctly that tbey did not appear as objectors to Sunday golf, but simply contended that the bills should be left safe and quiet for those who do not play golf, but who eujoy a ramble on Sunday. Of a verity Scotland is degenerating! Of course, there are still some stalwarts who, faithful to the traditions of their fore fathers, uphold tbe good old Scottish "Saw bath" as a day upon which no man shall bo seen to smile. A few of these were gathered together in Aberdeen the other rlay, and endeavored to console themselves by predicting, as they have many times before done, the judgments which fall upon the present sinful generation of Scotsmen. The secretary of the Sabbath Alliance of Scotland, tbe Rev. J. M. Shiaoh, buoyed up himself and his hearers with tbe hope that the opening of museums aud picture galle ries may be unsuccessful, but he was hor ror stricken to note that the Prince of Wales had a yacht at the race at Uyeres on Sunday last week,and he made the awo inspiring prediction that "if tbe heir ex pected to sit on tbe tbrone and to outrage divine institutions in this way it was more likely, looking forward to the future, that the throne would sit on him than that be would sit on tbe throne." What was meant by this threat was not quite clear to the audience, but, looking upon it as some thing very terrible, tbey applauded hearti ly. Another clergyman denounced as un christian certain "at homes" which he had heard bad been given by "elders" on Sat urday night. People, he said, should be preparing for the "Lord's day." An ex f armer, who followed the reverend gentle men, denounced tbe sale of milk on Sun day, and told how thirty years ago ha was asked to bring milk to town on Sunday and had refused. Ha would rather have "put the milk down tha burn." All his cus tomer*, agreed to take their milk on the Saturday evenings, "except one rich lady, and she died a few weeks afterward." But, alasl The Scottish Sabbath-breakers, and they are legion, only scoff at such judg ments. Take Care ol Your Shoes Since shoes have atsumed so much im porta ice it is worth while to know how best to take care of them. Firstbf all, have them fit properly, and this means plenty of length and plenty of room. Small feet have gone out of fashion, the object now being to have the feet look slender and trim. The long, pointed shoe has had much to do witli the cultivation of symmetry about the feet. A shoe too tight is a con stant strain upon tlie leather and the sea ins, and is neither durable nor attract ive. If the shoes are worn in the wet they must be removed at once, rubbed dry and oiled until diey are as soft as it is possible to make to make them. If they are wet, as is sometimes the case when one is caught in a shower, they should be laced or but toned up and tilled with grain. For lack of something better ordinary whtte beana will answer. They take the water up very quickly and swell, thereby keeping the shoe in shape. When nearly dry the shoes should be taken in hand and oiled until they are in fine condition. Cloth shoes should be brushed with a great deal of ewe. Many ladies brush their shoes too much, thus wearing out the cloth and taking off the flue polish of the leather. A great deal has been said about tlie ad vantage of having a number of pairi of shoes at one time. As it is a well under stood fact that leather becomes somewhat dry and cracked by age, the philosophy of snch a practice might well be questioned. It is fasliisnable to have one's shoes match one's handsome dress; black un dressed kid slippers and block satin slip pers are olso stylish. One of the prettiest is a tie of black satin. These are specially liked for dressy use in the house. Tlie best shoos are made with moderately heavy soles. They may be worn on dry days without rubbers, but thinner soles are worn by many wymen who never step on the street without too-straps. This is a com fortable and sensible custom, and does away with tho constant changing of shoes as one goes in and out, a practice that is extremely inconvenient, especially to women who are at all stout, as tiie button ing of one's shoes when dressed in the average corset is a serious undertaking.— Now York Ledger. "The Last on Earth" God bless all tlie aged women up and down the land! What a happy thing Pom ponious Atticus said, when making the funeral address of his mother: "Though I have resided with her sixty-seven years, I was never once reconciled to ber, because there never happened the least discord be tween us, and, consequently, there was no need of reconciliation." Make it as easy for the old folks as you can. When they are sick get for them the best doctors. Give them your arm when the streets are slippery. Stay witli them all the time you can. (Jo home and see the old folks if you are away from them. Find the place for them in the hymn book. Never be ashamed of them if they prefer styles of apparel a little antiquated. Never say anything that implies that they are in tlie way. Make the road for the last mile as smooth as you can. Oh, you will miss her when she is gone! I would give tlie house over my head to see my mother. I have so many things I would like to tell her, things that have happened in these many years since she went away. Morning, noon and night, let us thank God for the good influences that have come down from good mothers all the way down. Do not let the grandmothers any longer think that they are retired, and sit clear back out of sight from the world, feeling that they have no relation to it. God tills the earth and heavens with grandmothers. We must some day go up and thank these dear old souls. Surely, God will let us go up and tell them of the results of their influence. Among our llrst questions in heaven will be, "Where is grandmother?" They will point her out, for we would hardly know her, even if we had seen her on earth, so bent over with. years once, and now so straight, so dim of eye through the blinding of earthly tears, and now tier eye as clear as heaven, so full of aches and pains once, and now so agile with celestial health, the wrinkles blooming into carnation rosea, hnd her step like the roe on the mountain.—Dr. Talmage. .lake Life's Wheels Run Smoothly Take time; it is no use to foam or fret, or to do as tbe angry housewife who has got hold of the wrong key, pushes, shakes and rattles it about the lock until both are broken tlie door is still unopened. The chief secret of comfort lies in not suffering trifles to vex us and in cultivat ing our undergrowth of small pleasures. Try to regard present vexations as you will regard them in a month hence. Since we cannot get what we like let us like what we can get. It is not riches, it is not poverty, it is not human nature that is the trouble. Tbe world is like a looking-glass. Laugh at it and it laughs back; frown at it and it frowns back. Angry thoughts canker the mind and dispose it to the worst temper in the world —that of fixed .nalice and revenge. It is while in this temper that some men be come criminals. Show your sense by saying much in a few words. Try to speak some kind word or do some kind deed each day of your life. You will be amply repaid. Set your work to song.—Washington Post. Congressmen Economizing "Things are coming to a pretty pass these days," observed the keeper of a Washington boarding house, "when con gressmen are reducing their expenses. Only a few days ago I found that one of my congressmen boarders from a southern state wsb looking up rooms and board for himself and wife in another house, for tbe reason, as his wife told me, that they wanted to reduce expenses.' I charged them $60 per month for room and board for both, and they were actually trying to get it for $40, though they finally bad to pay $50. The wife told me that they wanted to save $4000 per year out of ber hus band's salary of $.1000, and that stie knew of others who were doing so."—Washing ton Star. Hit and niss Mind Reading It is told of a young man of this city that he called on his best girl the other evening. As conversation became dull they sat on tho sofa at opposite ends, and, after a silence of considerable duration, evidently spent by both in bard thought, she mustered up courage enough to ask him what he was thinking about. He, hoping to please her, replied; "I was thinking of the same thing you were." She, turning around, answered quicker than lightning, "I'll Blap your mouth if you try it!"— Exchange. A Double Life The scorcher whizzed around the corner, and Ferry escaped getting run over only by an undignified dodge. "I wonder who that idiot was?" he said. "He's the walking gentleman in De Hamme Mooter's company," said Har g reaves. " Well, he may be a walking gentleman, but he's an unmitigated hog when he's riding."—Cincinnati Enquirer. Tariff and Revenue Will the Republican protection papers ever be willing to concede tbe fact that tbe revenues for the first calendar year under the Democratic tariff law were more by thirty millions than they were for the last calendar under the McKinley law?— Springfield Register. The Harbor Question Los Angeles stands to win its fight for San Pedro harbor. That comes of show ing a united and determined front. San Francisco should take a leaf out of the southron's book. Election day will be a good time to do so.—San Francisco Daily Report. Tbe German heath, according to the pop ular legend of that country, waa dyed ted by the blood of unbelievers shed during Charlemagne's violent efforts to convert the whole German nation at once. LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORINTNGr, APRIL 1898. PERFECT LADIES AT PLAY The Girls From tbe Cambridge and Yale Gymnasium! Pull Hair Fourteen young women, representing some of the best known families in ('am bridge and in New Haven, had a hairpull ing contest wbilo playing a basket ball game at Dr. Sargent's gymnasium, on Church street, Cambridge, Mass., Thurs day afternoon. The trouble arose over a disagreement aa to tbe rules, and tbo crowd of spectators, who had gathered to witness the sport, was shocked to see the proficiency in slugging which waa suddenly developed. "Let go my hair," "There! take that, you mean thing," "Biting and scratching aren't allowed," "I'll ilx you," were some ot the expressions that wero used, asangor Hashed from tho girls' eyes. Tho row occurred in tlie llrst half of the gamo. The second Half was tame ond spiritless. The New Haven team was made up of girls from tho physical training school of the Yale gymnasium. The Cambridge team was composed of seven girls from a similar school conducted by Dr. D. A. Sar gent. The Cambridge team won by a score of 21 to '_'. About two weeks ago T)r. Sargent's girls sent a challenge to New Haven, which was accepted immodiatoly. No arrangements were made about rules, and when W. H. feck of tho Yale basket bill team and E. 15. Buckhain, Or. Anderson's assistant, came up with the New Haven girls to see Dr. Sargent they found that they could not agree on rules. For about two hours tiie three men discussed the two sots of rules. Dr. Sargent supported a modified set of rules such as are used by tlie differ ent teams of girls in bouts. He held that tho rules governing the game played by men, commonly called tho Y. M. C* A. rules, were not fit to govern a game be tween women. Tlie Yale men, on the other hand, supported the regular men's rules, and would not back down. Finally Dr. Sargent agreed that each side should use its own rules in the game, but said that lie must make an announcement of the fact at the beginning of tho game. Just as the game was about to begin Dr. Sargent made a short speech, in which he mentioned the disagreement in regard to rules. He said that he did not think the men's rules were lit for ladies, and therefore his pupils would use the modified rules. Tlie chief difference in the rules, Dr. Sar gent explained, was that tiie men's rules allowed a person to knock the ball out of a player's hands. The modified rules al lowed a fair throw and regarded the body as safe from touch until the ball had been thrown. When the game began it was apparent that it was to be a bard contest. The girls' snirits were up. It was as though Yale and Harvard were represented The play became rough almost immedi ately. It was apparent that Dr. Sargent had predicted correctly. The New Haven girls scrambled for the ball, pushed and tore in a hard way. Tho Cambridue girls tried to be calm, but had to be rougli to protect themselves. There was a large amount of "holding," and many fouls wore claimed against both teams. The differ ence in tho style of play was clear. The Cambridge girls played for the ball. Tiie New Haven girls directed their attempts at the players. As a result of fifteen minutes' play the Cambridge girla had live points to their credit, while the New Haven girla had fail ed to acore. The pupils of Dr. Sargent bad beaten those of Dr. Anderson at their own game, At the end of the half both sides agreed that it had been rough and unladylike, and that to play another such half would bo unseemly. Finally it was decided to play the second half according to Dr. Sargent's modified rules. The Anderson girls had never played un der these rules, so this part of the game was rather tame. The team play of the Sargent girls now counted and they coultl put the ball wherever they pleased. Score after score was made by them un til their total was 21, while the Anderson girls wero able by tho hardest kind of work to get only two points. The game as played in tho second htlf waa quiet, with no unpleasant feature, and fully justified the predictions made by Dr. Sargent. It was tbe kind of gamo usually played by the teams in the different fe male colleges around Boston. Dr. Sargent acted as referee and Messrs Peck and Buckman of New Haven as um pires. Mr. Peck criticised Dr. Sargent for having objected to the New Haven girls' style of play. Dr. Sargont, on the other hand, said; "The difference between our game and theirs was the same old difference between Harvard and Yale, only this time we won. though for a part of the [tame we were forced to a certain extent to play their own game. Had I, however, allowed my girls to play the game entirely as played by the Anderson girls it would have been a blow to basket ball from which it would hardly have recovered. I only hope nothing that happened this afternoon will hurt the game for girls." Russian Officialdom An amusing yet suggestive instance of the prevaiHng corruption among all classes in Russia is shown in the following story: One of the largest firms in the English iron trade contracted for tho erection of a bridge in Rusßia. Tlie bridge was erected and official inspection invited, but on one pretext or other it was put off until it be came plain to the English contractors tha unless they wore prepared to bribe the in spector the bridge would not bo taken off their hands. As they had cut tiie contract very close they could not afford to do so. and the official revenged himself by certi fying the bridge to be unsafe. It had to be taken to pieces and shipped to England. The sequel is most suggestive of all. A new tender "for a much larger sum" was sent in by the same firm. It was accepted The very same bridge that was sent to Russia and brought back was forwarded again, re-erected, examined by the same official, received his approval and Was taken over by the Russian government. Of course, in their new tender, tho llrm left an ample margin, and the official, re ceiving a substantial "tip," approved of the same bridge that he had formerly con demned.—Pearson's Weekly. Novel Safety Lamp. The new safety lamp for mines, opera ting upon a peculiar principle, is reported as being in successful use in Germany. A peculiarity of this lamp is noted—name ly, that it is not closed in any special way. like other lamps, and It matters very little whether or not the workman, disregarding the regulations of the mine, succeeds in opening tbe lamp, for there is a special ar rangement by means of which the flame is extinguishable at the same instant. This ia explained by there being in the interior of the lamp glass a spring which is com pressed when the upper piece is screwed down, which enables a cap to operate upon the wick in such a manner as to shift il aside, facilitating the lighting of the lamp and aftorwaid the combustion. When the spring is worked in the contrary direction, the cap again operates upon the wick, and the flame ceases the moment the cap comes in contact with the air. The lamp can be lighted without being opened. Hadn't the Time A man asked for work at the door. The lady of the bouse said that she would take his name and address and see what could be done for him. She offered bim a pencil and bit of paper. "You write it, mum.' he said. "I would write it, myself, but I never learned to write." "Not even your name?" she exclaimed. "No'm, I ain't had the time." "Well, why not take time? I'll teach you to write your name, at least. It seems strange that an intelligent man like you hasn't learned that. How did it happen?" Well, mum, you see I went and got married young, and I've always been busy working, and I ain't had the time for learning."—Boston Transcript. "Should Major McKinley be nominated at St. Louis, the facts about his ignorance of practical affairs will be made more con spicuous as the campaign progresses," the Waterbury American i Ind.) says: "It will prove to be a constantly increasing ele ment of weakness, especially if the Demo crats should put up a sound business man an a sound business platform." 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