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TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. "NO. 200.
THE FIFTY-FOURTH CONGRESS Sensational Discussion of tbe Naval Appropriations SOME SEVERE CRITICISM tt the Methods Employed by the Armor Plate Makers Tbe House Devotes ths Day to ths Plckler Oenersl Pension Bill—Vols to Bs Tsksn Today Associated Press Special Wire. WASHINGTON, April 27.—The naval appropriation bill was before the senate throughout the day. An amendment Offered by Mr. Chandler making lt un lawful for retired naval officers to enter the service of contractors furnishing armor, etc., to the government, occa sioned an animated debate, which grad ually broadened Into a discussion of the entire subject of armor plate. Mr. Till man was among the most active in sup port of the amendment, speaking of the efforts to oheat and rob the government and the tendency of millionaire con tractors to "thrust their hands into the pookets of Uncle Sam." Mr. Chandler, Republican of New Hampshire, presented a supplemental report concerning alleged election frauds In Alabama, and the naval ap propriation bill was then taken up. The main features of fhe bill are the Items for four seagoing coast line bat tleships designed to carry the heaviest armor and most powerful ordnance, to cost $3,750,000 each: three torpedo boats having a speed of thirty knots, to cost 1800,000, and ten torpedo boats to cost 1500.000. Mr. Quay offered an amendment In creasing the appropriation for reserve runs for auxiliary cruisers from $250,000 to $400,000. Mr. Gorman doubted the expediency of providing for a lot of new guns and following it up with many new ships. In view of the present condition of the treasury. "Yes, and considerable silver, also," said Mr. Gorman. After further debate Mr. Quay's amendment was agreed to. Mr. Perkins. Republican of California, moved an amendment appropriating $100,000 for a naval training school at "Serba Buena, Cal.. but after some dis cussion withdrew it. Mr. Chandler offered an amendment making it unlawful after June 30, 1897, for naval officers to take service with concerns fur.".lshlng armor or other equipment for the government. These offloers had facilities for knowing what was going on at the navy department, and it was improper that service to the government and service to the con tractors should runjogether. Mr. Hale said that naval contractors were constantly endeavoring to get an advantage over the government and to make enormous profits, and a naval offi cer was thus placed In the embarrass ment of serving the contractor who was against the goverfnment. and the gov ernment who was against the con tractor. Mr. Chandler said that when the naval Committee asked for the naval officers conversant with affairs of the Carnegie works and the Bethlehem works, the two officers had appeared who wc-r.e sup posed to represent the government. But, behold, said Mr. Chandler, it turns out that the two officers were on the retired list and were In the rerviee of the Car negie works and Bethlehem works. Mr. Bacon, Democrat, of Georgia, in sisted that lt was an evil so to circum stance a naval officer that his services could not be given to the.government. "While he ls receiving pay from the government," interjected Mr. Tillman, Democrat, of South Carolina, who was an Interested listener to the debate. "I agree with you In that," said Mr. Gray. "Then we are going to bring you around all right, said Mr, Tillman, Hgn M y. He said lt was neither decent nor In good taste for these officers to serve those interested in robbing the government. It was now proposed by the naval bill that all material used on battleships be of American manufac ture. While In full -sympathy with every encouragement of American Inter ests, yet the senator said he did not be lieve In having this sentiment used to further enrich a lot of millionaires. The armor manufacturers were charging $600 per ton for armor used by tho United States, and at the same time fur nishing armor to Russia at $300 per ton. "I am unwilling to see these millionaires grow richer by thrusting their hands into the pockets of Uncle Sam," declared Mr. Tillman. Mr. Hale pointed out that the bureau officer who took part in making con tracts for armor was able to look ahead to the time he would be on the retired list and might enter Into the service of the contractors. In answer to a question Mr. Hale said the experts before the naval committee had shown that the cost of production for armor was $250 per ton. Mr. Gorman called attention to the grave suggestions of irregularity made some time ago, resulting In an investi gation by tho naval committee, Involv ing the cost, of armor. The committee report ought to be at hand to permit Intelligent consideration of these pro posed appropriations for armor. He went on to show the manner In which the armor contracts had been placed in the United States. Secretary Tracy had sought the American manufactur ers and had induced them to put in plants capable of turning out armor, and as a result these American works were developed capable of furr ishlng armor equal to any made. As a means of entering foreign markets armor had been offered to Russia at less than it cost until large foreign contracts were secured. It gave a prospect that we would be able to compete with England in sending steel blooms abroad. Mr. Tillman Interjected the remark that when these armor concerns claimed they were furnishing armor to Russia at'a loss he would not believe them, lt hftd been developed In the committee in vestigation that the original design was only sufficient for armor to pay for put ting In the armor plants. This had been done and In this way the government had practically established the Bethle hem works, although the contractors owned lt and were Interested in getting the highest possible rates for armor. After further debate the bill was laid aside and at 5:15 p.m. the senate ad journed. IN THE HOUSE Th* Vote on the Pension Bill Set for Friday WASHINGTON, April 27.—This was District of Columbia day in the house, and the general pension bill was side tracked under an arrangement to give the District the first two hours. Several District bills were passed. Mr. Henderson, Republican of lowa, chairman of the committee on judiciary gave notice that he would call up the bankruptcy bill tomorrow as soon as the pension bill was disposed of. Mr. Henderson, from the committee on rules, then, al 1:30 p. m., brought in a special order for tho consideration of the Plckler pension bill for one and a half hours this afternoon, under the five minute rule, the previous question then to be considered as ordered on the bill and pending amendments, with provis ion for a final vote tomorrow immedi ately after the reading of the Journal. Mr. Crisp, Democrat of Georgia, char acterized the rule as a remarkable one. He said it pretended to do one thing, but did another, as only such amend ments as were adopted in committee could be voted on The practical con sequence of the adoption of this rule would be to force the house to vote on the bill without amendment, Mr. Henderson said he made) no dis guise of the fact that the purpose of the rule was to bring the bill to a vote. He said the situation in the senate must be taken into consider aMon, and also the president in the White House, and urged all the friends of the old soldiers to stand by the bill, as the best that could be written on the statute books at this time. Mr. Crisp reiterated his statement that the purpose of the rule was to de stroy the right of the amendments, ami followed this with a charge that the btli had been framed, not by the committee on pensions, but by the leaders in con trol of the house who had resolved that the house should pass this bill as drawn or nothing. Mr. Cannon, Republican of Illinois, said that as one of the 150 majority he favored the rule. He had voted for the act of 1890, he said, which had placed 400,000 new names on the pension roll. Mr. Hepburn. Republican of lowa, op posed the option of the rule. The bill ought, he said, to be amended. Tlie rule was adopted—ll9 to 88. Thirty-four Republicans voted against the adoption of the bill, as fol lows: Blue. Bowers, Burton of Mis souri, Calderhead, Connolly, Cook, Cooper, Crowther, Danford, DeWitt, Eddy, Fenton, Graff, Hager, Hartman, Henderson, Hepburn, Johnson of Cali fornia. Klrkpatrick, McClure, McLach lan, Miller, Miner ot Wisconsin, Smith. Southard, Strong, Sulloway, Tawney, Towne, Tracowell. Updegraff, Van Horn, Wanger and Wilson of Idaho. When the vote was announced, on mo tion of Mr. Cannon, chairman of the appropriations committee, the senate amendments to thfe sundry civil bill were non-concurred in and the bill sent to conference. Messrs Cannon, Hainer, W. A. Stone and Sayers were appointed conferees. Under the rule adopted the pension bill was taken up for amendment under the flve-minute rule. Mr. Connelly, Repnbllcan of Illinois, offered an amendment to the section of the bill which provided that no person entitled to a pension should be disquali fied from receiving a pension by reason of any prior service in the confederate army, so as to limit tho provision to per sons who had performed "involuntary service" in the southern army. Mr Plckler opposed the amendment on the ground that it would be Impossi ble to prove that service in trie'confed erate army had been "Involuntary." Mr Pearson, Republican of North Carolina, appealed to his colleague, Mr. Talbert, not to oppose the soldiers from their section, but to let the opposition come. If it must come, from the copper heads of the north. Mr. Miles. Republican of Maryland, denounced the men who deserted from the confederate army to Join the Union ranks at the close of the war as "mere mercenaries who fought for gold and honored no flag." . Mr. Connelly's amendment was de feated without division. Mr. Hepburn offered an amendment providing that the pension office should construe the pension laws liberally in the interest of the claimant, and that no claimant should be required to produce proof that would exclude all reasonable doubt, but that claims should be de cided in favor of the preponderance of the proof. Mr. Hepburn's amendment was agreed to without division. Several other amendments were voted down, when, at 4 oclock, the time under the special order expired, and the bill was reported to the house. The Hep burn amendment was adopted and the bill was engrossed and ordered to Its passage. Sir. Plckler asked unanimous consent that the vote on the passage be taken this afternoon, but afterward withdrew his request. Some minor bills were passed by unanimous consent, and at' 4:40 the house adjourned. A MAGNIFICENT SCHEME Engineered ia the Interest of the Hy- draulic Miners Electric and Water Power and Irrigation Right to Be Secured at the Expense of the Qovernment SAN FRANCISCO, April 27.—The Chronicle says: An able-bodied "job" has been uiscovcred In the appropria tion for the construction of a restraining barrier in the Sacramento and Feather rivers. If lt succeeds it will result in the gov ernment building a dam at Daguerre point in the interest of private parties, while the hydrf.ulic miners will be com pletely ' ignored. Kather tljan this should happen, says a telegram from the State Miners' association to Tirey L.. Ford, Its agent at Washington, "the hydraulic miners would prefer that no appropriation at all should be made at this session." In another dispatch the association repudiates Assemblyman "Dick" Tho mas, who has been at Washington for several months, and who is credited with working the project through in the in terest of himself and coterie of promi nent capitalists and politicians. The scheme is said to be a magnifi cent one. Thus far it has been very cleverly worked. It oomprehends the acquisition of electric and water power ond irrigation rights at the expense of the' state and federal governments, the value of which lt is difficult to estimate. The figure is placed at $1,000,000 by John M. Wright, who has been investigating the subject for the executive committee of the California Miners' association. The "job" has been under way ever since the act appropriating $2f>0,000 out of the state treasury for the building of restraining dams, providing the United States government would set aside a like amount for a like purpose. The opportunity was then offered and at the legislative session of 1805 the. first step was taken. Section 1416 of the Civil Code, relat ing to water rights, was amended so as to provide "that if the erection of a dam has been recommended by the Cal ifornia debris commission at or near the place where it is Intended to divert the -.water the claimant shall have sixty days after the completion of such dam in which to commence the excavation or construction of the works in which he Intends to divert the water." The object of this addition to the law was to enable those Interested in the scheme to postpone work until after the government had built the dam and then to take advantage of its presence. THE HERALD LOS ANGELES. TUESDAY MORNING. APRIL 28, 1896. MISSIONARY KNAPP'S CASE Held a Prisoner by tbe Turkish Authorities ORDERED TO LEAVE TURKEY The First Step Toward tbe Removal of All the Missionaries A Request That ths Cruiser Msrbletiead Pro ceed to Alexandretta Brings ths Ports to Its Semes Associated Press Special Wire. CONSTANTINOPLE, April 26 (via Sofia, Bulgaria, April 27).—Rev. George P. Knapp, the American missionary ex pelled from Bitlis by the Turkish author ities without trial, on a charge of havlnr; incited the Armenians to rebel against Turkish rule, was surrenders I to the United States consul at Alexandretta on Saturday. Details on the affairs which reached hern today show that the step was not taken until a United Slates war ship had been telegraphed foi. Knapp will probably, by advice of the United States representatives, come- to this city and have his conduct at Bit'is investi gated before the charge d'affaires. Mr. Knapp, as already cabled, was ex. pelled from Bitlis about a month ago, in spite of the agreement reached between the United States minister here, Mr, Terrell, and the Turkish government (after the charges against Mr. Knapp had been discussed), that the Ametk'dn missionary should not leave his post un til April Ist, or until the roads were tol erably free from snow. In order that he might be abie to take his family with him. As It was, the missionary was compell ed to leave Bitlis before the time agreed upon, and without his family. 'When he reached Diarbekir In custody, the news was telegraphed here and the Turkish government positively asserted that Mr.* Knapp was-the "guest of rtie valiof that place and not a prisoner " It ls now stated that the missionary has been a prisoner throughout his jour ney to the coast and that the vail of Aleppo detained him at that nlace for live days while making futile efforts to make him sign an agreement no: to return to Bitlis. Mr. Knap,) steadily refused to sign any such agreemnt, on the ground that he had committed no crime an i had in no way broken the laws of the country, and. that the charges brought against him were entirely unfounded. He also distinctly gave the vuli to un derstand that he intended to protest to the United States government against his expulsion from Bitlis. and his treat ment in general, and to hold the Turkish authorities responsible for the safety of his family. When the vali saw that it was useless to continue his attempts to get Mr. Knapp to sign the agreement mentioned the missionary was allowed to proceed, still treated as a prisoner, to Alexan dretta. It had been agreed between J. W. Riddle, the American charge d'af faires at Constantinople, and the Turk ish government, that the American mis sionary upon arriving at "Alexandretta was to be delivered to the United States consul there and the latter was to see that Mr. Knapp came on to this city for trial before the representative of the United States, but when the missionary reached Alexandretta on April 23, in spite of the porte's promises, the Turk ish authorities refused to deliver the prisoner to the United States consul. The latter entered a formal protest against the detention of the missionary and communicated by wire with Mr. Riddle, informing him that the Turkish officials intended to expel Mr. Knapp from Turkish territory by compelling him to embark on board a steamer sail ing for Europe on April 24. Thereupon Mr. Riddle made energetlo representations to the Turkish govern ment, demanding that the latter respect Its engagements, and in order to give emphasis to his remarks the charge d'affaires telegraphed to Marsina.where the United States cruiser Marblehead was at anchor, asking the commander to proceed to Alexandretta and place the cruiser at the disposal of the United States consul at that port. This prompt action upon the part of Mr. Riddle had a decided effect upon the porte, for the latter no sooner became aware that the Marblehead had been telegraphed for than orders were sent to Alexandretta for the release of Mr. Knapp. Those in a position to know the facts of the case assert that the charges against Mr. Knapp are groundless and that the latter's expulsion was only a ballon d'assal, which, If allowed to pass without protest, would probably have resulted In similar action being taken against other missionaries, and eventually against all Protestant and Catholic missionaries In Adriatic Tur key; for, all denials to the contrary, the sultan has prepared to take this step and only gave up the plan upon the ad vice of the Russian ambassador, who, however, is credited, rightly or wrongly, with having conveyed to the sultan the plan of getting rid of the missionaries. Mr. Riddle, during the past few days, It is understood, has been in communi cation with Washington regarding the case of Mr. Knapp. and It Is believed that a most searching Inquiry will be made lntqsfjl the circumstances attend ing the expulsion of the American mis sionary from Bitlis, In order that no doubt shall remain as to who is to blame In the matter, and it is believed a pre cedent which may serve as a guide should further and similar occurrences be presented. NO LIQUOR ABOARD Officers ol the Sealing Fleet Become Total Abstainers TACOMA, Wash., April 27.—A Port Townsend special to the Ledger says- Instructions came from the treasury de partment this afternoon, ordering the comanders of the revenue cutters of the Bchring sea patrol fleet not to take aboard any spirituous liquors. The fleet was ready to sail when the orders were j issued, and the mess officers wer« com pelled to land their private liquors The captains themselves, while in the north ! must live like prohibitionists, as they will not be allowed ta have on board the mildest of Intoxicating beverages. The ordpr caused a wave of disapproval throughout the fleet, but none of the officers expresscl their desire of resign ing rather than obey the instructions The belief Is expressed here that the order emanated from the scandal and . general charges of drunkenness unearth ed in the Healy case at San Francisco last autumn, when one-third of the of ficers on duty In Behrlng sea were ac cused of Intemperance. The patrol fleet will sail tomorrow at noon for ITnalaska and Behrlng sea via Sitka. In July they will go into the Arc tic ocean to look after the whaling licet. Proposed Fruit Exchange SAN FRANCISCO. April 27.—The di rectors of the California Fruit exchange and a committee of fruit-growers -met In this city today for the purpose of dis cussing a fruit market in San Francisco for the disposal of the products of the state. A resolution was passed direct ing the directors of the fruit exchange to establish a free market, providing the harbor commissioners would furnish a free wharf and levy such additional state tolls on goods landed thereon as may be necessary to meet the expenses of the market A representative of the Southern Pacific company assured the directors that the railroad would deliver fruit at the free market from interior points without extra cost to the pro ducer. 0. A. R. TROUBLES Lyon Post rtembera Threatened With Court riartlal OAKLAND, April 27.—The troubles In the G. A. R. camp are by no means settled. The feeling against the alleged ring by Lyon post is more bitter since the action of the Santa Cruz encamp ment than lt was before, and it is pos sible that the post will surrender its charter. There ls some talk even of court martialing the veteran commander of Lyon post, Capt. George A. Norton, for the part he has taken in the trouble, and this talk ls simply setting the Lyon members wild. One of them said today: "The ring might as well go to the limit. It ought now to court-martial all our members ond recall the post's charter. It has done all it could to destroy the spirit of good citizenship and comradeship that existed in the order this side of the bay, and thus made itself more solid in its schemes to rule or ruin. "I want to call your attention to the point that the tail wags the dog. At the department encampment there are five veterans selected as members of the council of administration tn act with the elective officers. Of these five ap pointees four were selected from Ran Francisco, leaving only one member to represent the state at large. Of the four San Franciscans two are taken from Thomas post and one from Garfield post. Thus three members out of five are taken from the two posts which Lyon post, in its charges, says usurped nearly everything." Bolln Discharged OMAHA, Nab., April 27.—After a sen sational trial extending over several weeks, the jury in tire case of ex-City Treasurer Henry Bolln was discharged, being unable to agree. They stood nine for conviction and three for acquittal. Bolln was charged with appropriating $113,000 of Omaha funds. The shortage was detected last year and the pressure became so great his bondsmen took charge. Bolln's defense was wholly technical.' SCOTT JACKSON'S TRIAL Continues to Draw Crowds of Prurient Curiosity Seekers Some Testimony dlven Tending to Connect the. Defendant With the Murder of Pearl tiryan NEWPORT, Ky., April 27.—Not only was every available seat in the court room filled today, but the occupancy of standing room In narrow passages was permitted. Ten" witaesscs wero exam ined, making fifty-two up to tlie pres ent time. Much time was devoted to debate by counsel. Twice during the day the jury was required to retire during the debate. For the first time dur ing the trial the court gave notice to women to retire because the letters of Will Wood to Scott Jackson were not proper for them to hear. It has been the policy of the prosecution to bring out the bloody garments of the dead girl every day since the beginning the the trial and today was no exception. Detective Crim testified to having seen tracks on the bank above where the body was found, which semed to have been made by the rubbers Pearl Bryan wore. He was present when Jackson and Walling were arrested; also was at the private examination in the office of Chief Deitsch. The defense moved to rule out everything testified to which was not confession, arguing that Crim's testimony concerning admissions or statements, was not competent until it was shown that no threats or induce ments had been employed. The court sustained the objection of the defendant's counsel. Crim then told the story of the effort to overhear Jack son and Walling talking together in a cell on the day they were brought from the Hamilton county jail to Newport Crim said that Jackson asked Walling If he had told reporters that somebody was furnishing him whisky and tobac co. Walling said "No." Jackson said "You're all right." Finally Jackson said: "Walling, you stand pat when you get over there," and after that the talking became Indistinct. John- W. Legnor. saloon-keeper, testi fied that Jackson left a valise In his sa loon Saturday night, Sunday night and Monday night. He identified the valise as the one which Jackson had admitted had held the head of Pearl Bryan. A Commercial Gazette reporter saw a river bridge ticket found on Jackson when first arrested, calling for the pass age of a horse and vehicle. Charles Rogers, night clerk of Heidler's hotel, testified that Walling came there after 3 oclock in the morning of Feb ruary Ist with his clothes wringing wet and rushed to bed without registering. He had never before or since stayed over night at the hotel. Other witnesses Identified the dead girl's shoes and described the condition of the ground where the corpse was found. The defense brought Will Wood on the stand to interrogate him about Uo vile letters written by him to Jackson Feb ruary Ist and 2d. Here It was that the women were requested to retire. The letters are too coarse and indecent to be printed. The points of greatest importance as bearing on the case in Will Wood's let ters to Jackson was In that dated Plym outh. Ind., February Ist, in wh,ich were the following sentences: "Doc, if you have let a chance go by I'll give you hell;" also. "Tf you have grown chicken hearted you ought to be shot." The rest of the letter was made up of innuendoes and personal illusions, intelligible to the writer and Jackson, but riddles to all others. Wood was detained to give the defense opportunity to offer this testi mony. Wt«lmmnns Honored BALTIMORE, Md., April27.—Dan Stuart came over from New York today with the articles signed by Brady in Corhett's be half. Fitzsimmons is playing at tha Monu mental theater. After the performance, Fitzsimmons. Stuart. Julian and the repre sentative of the Associated Press ad journed to the Oarrollton hotel. The con ference which ensued showed that Fitz simmons' side will not yield from their insistence of Corbett fighting somebody be fore getting a match. 1,1 Him* Htnor»d 1 ODESSA, April 27.—Ll Hung Chang ar rived here today on his way to Moscow to attend the coronation of the csar, as the representative of the emperor of China. The Chinese statesman was received by the civil and military officials and a guard sf honor. REFUNDING BILL ROASTED Minority Report on tbe Pacific Railroad Bill THREE COGENT REASONS Why the Majority Bill Should Not Be Adopted Every Disinterested Parson Appearing Be fore ths Commutes Has Advocated Fore closure of ths Qovernment Llsn Associated Press Special Wire. WASHINGTON, April 27.—The minor ity report on the Pacific railroad bill was submitted to the house today by Representative Hubbard of Missouri, lt deals exhaustively with the financial conditions of the companies concerned in the proposed funding plan. It argued that the majority bill should not be adopted for three reasons: First —The committee has not learned enough of the affairs of the debtor com panies to bo able to tell the house what is best to do. Second—The companies made offers before the committee, and are undoubt edly ready to concede terms very much better for the government than those embodied In the bill. Third —The propositions in the bill are neither good nor safe for the govern ment. Under the first head it is contended that most of the parties who appeared before tha committee were interested in the railroads: that every disinterest ed voice advocated foreclosure proceed ings, not with the view that the govern ment should operate the roads, but to protect the government as a preliminary step. It was not considered whether the government has a lien on all the as sets under the Thurman act, either in view of the acceptance, of that act by the companies or as a matter of law. The extent of the lien of the government otherwise is in much doubt. The re port compares the statement of the Central Pacific earnings made by ttf, attorney, Mr. Tweed, with the statement in Poor's Manual, from 1890 to 1894. In the first of these years Mr. Tweed's statement was $S98,000; Poor's $6,061, --986; in the last year Tweed's, $144,000; Poor's $4,854,112. The report declares that there is no assurance that the bill would be car ried out, because both companies are insolvent and their undertakings Idle; that so far as the Union Pacific is con cerned, it is an option to the companies' successors,' unlimited In time and bind ing on the government. In regard to the Central Pacific it says: "It was advanced before the commit tee as an open secret that the Central is saved from default only by the pur chase of its subsidy bonds by Its friends, who carry them without Interest to pre vent their presentation to the govern ment for payment, pending the settle ment. As ,to which ot the two com panies showed the most strength—the negotiation offering the same terms to each was carried "to a point where Th"<* Central broke down and the Union still stood up." Under the Powers bill the principal Indebtedness would be reduced to about $23,000,000, while under no other plan could it be less than $35,000,000, exclus ive of $20,000,000 prefered stock, if that were taken Instead of that amount of second mortgage installment bonds. So that most of the debt all of the time, and all of the debt most of the time, would be secured as part of the first mortgage, Instead of a second mortgage all the time, as proposed in this bill. Assuming that the sinking fund pro vided in the bill may pay tho Union Pacific debt in eighty-one years, the re port assets that the company would pay $100,000,000 in principal and interest while under the company's first offer lt would have paid In Interest In the same time on $35,000,000 four per cent bonds $113,000,000. The offer the committee re jected is said to be $48,000,000 better than the bill under which, it ls h<?ld, the Union Pacific company will practically never pay the government a dollar in money. Mr.Hubbard holds that for the protec tion of the interests of the government these conditions are nece sary to any First—The main lines of the Central and Union Pacific should be united for the support of the common security which the government must take on both. Second-The United States should never again rely upon a Junior encum brance. Third—A bill which purports to con stitute contracts by the United States with other parties should deal with foundation titles and the holders of them. Thero is an exhaustive contention of a government lien on the subsidized part of the Kansas Pacific division It . wl S h thls ,len established and the Central Pacific freed from its lease to the Southern Paoific, the roads could be restored to their old prosper ity, and the ability to satisfy the gov ernment's claim be assured nifl? connection with the Southern Pa cific of Kentucky, it is held that "the business Into which some of the state! have fallen of selling charters for extra territorial operation is a manifest evil " The additional argument is made against the committee bill that it ls In conflict with the principles of the anti trust law, and will create two of the greatest railroad monopolies in the coun try; that it Is contrary to the constitu tion of California and that of Nebraska which require that stock be issued for values only. "It is said the Union Pacific reorganiza tion committee has assembled three fourths of the ilrst-mortgage bonds, and Is pressing for a foreclosure which would bar the government's secondary lien To prevent this the Morgan-Brlce bill is The report concludes that the secre tary of the Interior, having held that the government claim is good and should not be discounted over 20 per cent, the at torney-general, assisted by Governor Hoadlcy, having drawn a bill to deter mine the government lien, which bill Is supported by Senators Brice and Mor gan, when the government directors have said the roads are worth much more united, have a plan to unite them and assure congress that capital is waiting to bid for the property In that shape, it would be unwise to pass a bill which declares the government Hen to be lim ited, when the Thurman act said it should not be. Another Cvclons LITTLE ROCK, Ark., April 27.—A cy clone did heavy damage in Faulkner county' yesterday. A cloud burst near Conway and at other places hail cov ered the ground to a depth of from three Inches to five feet. A church and cotton gin were blown half a mile, many farm houses and barns and other buildings to tally demolished and stock killed. An entire flock of sheep were Mown away. Details are not fully in, and it ls feared that human lives have been lost. THB THEOSOPffISrS The Sscred Mahstmss Will Revive the As. clent Mysteries NEW YORK, April 27. — The second day's convention of the Theosophical So ciety of America met in the assembly room at Madison Square garden this morning, Dr. Buck presiding. C. F. Wright, the chairman of the committee on revision and by-laws, submitted the report of the committee. In relation to the occult successor to the late Mr. Judge, the newly-elected president, Ern est T. Hargrove, said it was a mistake to suppose his election as president car ried with it occult leadership. Mr. Judge was the occult leader and president of the external theosophical organization. The occult body has no official connec tion with the theosophical society. He said that after Mr. Judge's death, papers were found naming the person who should succeed him as occult leader, but that the name must be kept secret for a year. Chairman Buck announced that lt was the Intention of Mahatmas, through the theosophical society, to revive the an cient mysteries. For that purpose a col lege for occult leading was to be built in this, country. The meeting adjourned sine die at noon. A GRANT DINNER Distinguished dentlemen Honor the Dead and Talk Politics BOSTON, April 27.—The Grant din ner of the Middlesex club at the Bruns wick tonight In honor of the birthday of the great general was a fitting close of the banquet season. The distin guished guests of the evening were Gen eral James Longstreet of the confeder ate army. Senator-elect J. B. Foraker of Ohio. James H. Hoyt of Ohio, Sen ator Thurston of Nebraska and Lieu tenant-Governor Wolcott. All spoke and all were greeted with enthusiastic applause. Governor Wolcott delivered an address of welcome. Senator Thurston brought the con gratulations of Nebraska to Massachu setts, saying that the Republicans of his state were Just as truly, soundly and solidly for a stable currency as are the Republicans of Massachusetts. The next speaker was James H. Hoyt of Ohio, who was followed by several members of the club. A Hurt Horseman LONDON, Ap:*l 27.— H. M. Ripley, the well known gentleman rider, ls believed to be dying, as a result of Banquet II falling upon him at the first hurdle In the great Sandowne hurdle race at San downe park on Saturday last. HAMMOND PLEADS GUILTY But Denies Hostility Toward the Trans. vaal Republic A Pies for Mercy Which Is Not Par Removed From s Threat-The Cats Adjourned PRETORIA, April 27.—The trial was resumed today of the national reform committee of Johannesburg;. John -Hays Hammond, the American mining engineer, pleaded guilty of high treaon, folowing the example of the other lead ers of the reform committee. Mr. Ham mond was prevented by llness from be ing present at the time the other leaders made their plea. In view of the plea of guilty entered by the defendant, there was nothing in the way of cross-examination to elicit testimony on the question of the ulti mate responsibility for the Jameson movement. But counsel for the defense read a statement which was signed by Messrs. John Hays Hammond, Lionel Phillips, George Farrar and Col. Fran cis Rhodes, the leaders of the reform committee, who have pleaded guilty of high treason. This statement reviews the recent his tory of the futile agitation for redress of alleged Uitlarder grievances in the Transvaal. The statement admits that in face of rumors current that the Boers were going to attack Johannesburg, the signers had asked Dr. Jameson to come, but that they deplored the mis take he had made in coming when there was no urgent need for his presence. They maintained their action had not been hostile to the republic, its officials having been protected and life and property having been generally pre served. sent officers on Decem ber 27th, the statement says, to forbid :he movement on Dr. Jameson's part. In addition to this signed statement telegrams arrived which passed be tween Mr. Beit of the chartered South Africa company and Dr. Jameson, Col. Francis Rhodes and others, but not Hon. Cecil Rhodes, the then premier of Cape Colony. Following the presentation of the doc uments, counsel made a speech of two hours in behalf of the defense, conclud ing as follows: "If the edge of the sword ls to be used it will cause eternal misery In the re public, but should the flat side be em ployed, it will usher In peace and good will." The trial was adjourned until tomor row, when it is expected Judgment in the case will be had. Mexican Matters CITY OF MEXICO. April 27.—A tele gram from Oaxaca, today reports the bands of revolting Indians hav<* been entirely dispersed and their leader ar rested. It appears some Indian coffee growers had been informed they would have to pay 50 cents annual tax on each tree, while the new state tax was merely nominal. Apostolic Delegate Averrardl contin ues his investigation of church abuses, and sharply rebuked Editor Terrazas for Intolerance and lack of Christian charity In the conduct of his weekly paper, the Guadalupe Kingdom. The Sehorn Trial WILLOWS, April 27.—After two weeks spent in examining Jurors, during which 161 men were summoned and ex amined, a jury was secured today In the Sehorn murder trial. Attorney Swtn ford. for the prosecution, occupied about an hour in his opening address to the jury this afternoon. Frank Putman. nephew of the deceased, was the first witness called by the prosecution. The examination of this witness had only fairly begun when the hour of adjourn ment arrived. A Jew-halter Retires VIENNA. April 27.—At the expressed wish of Emperor Francis Joseph. Dr. Lue ger. the anti-Semite leader, who for the third time was recently elected burgomas ter of this city after his election had been annulled by the emperor, today formally renounced the burgomastership. In the Tolls DENVER. Col., April 27.—Sheriff Per kins of Albion, Cassln county. Idaho, ar rived In Denver en route to Shawnee. Ok lahoma, where Jack Davis, alias "Diamond Field Jack," who murdered two sheep ; herders In Idaho, has been arrested. The i sheriff carries requisition papers from Gov. MoConneu far th* Idaho criminal. | CITY PRICE, PGR SINGLB COPY, j CENTS ON TRANSPORTATION LINES, a CENTS LATIN-AMERICAN MARRIAGE Religious Liberty in the South American Countries CARDINAL RAMPOLLA'S NOTB Explaining (he Situation lo the Strictly Catholic Countries Religious Worship Is Regulated by Coaattts* tlonsl Enactments With Which the Holy See Cannot Interfere Associated Press Special Wire. *—*■ CHICAGO, April 27.—At tha Chlcaars Methodist ministers' meeting today Rev. John Lee, chairman of the com mittee on relgious liberty for Protest ants In South America, read the reports of the committee. It first details the difficulties experi enced In the obtaining the attention of the highest dignitaries of the Roman Catholic church, stating that several letters addressed to Archbishop Ireland. Cardinal Satolli, Cardinal Gibbons and finally to the pope were unanswered. At length, however, Cardinal Gibbons took the mater up, referring; it to Car dinal Rampola, papal secretary of state. The following if* the cardinal's letter ta Cardinal Gibbons: ROME, November 30,1895, To Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbish op of Baltimore—Most Reverend and Eminent Sir: In consequence of pre vious interviews held with your emi nence, I wrote, of which fact you vert informed on the 12th of June, 1895, to tha apostolic delegate for the republic of Peru, Bolivia and to Ecuador, to obtain precise information as to the legal status of Protestants there, regarding the free exercise of religious worship and the) celebration of marriages. The pontifical representative of ths holy see promptly complied with myj request, and now I am in a position to state that the Protestants in Peru, so far from being restricted in the free ex ercise of their worship, are rather ac corded a larger degree of toleration than Is compatible with a strict con struction of the political legislation of the countries. This is evidenced by the fact that in Peru, especially In the cities of Lima and Callao, there are several Anglican and Methodist chapels where weekly conferences are held. As to the solemnization of marriages, the dele gate informs me that while the consti tution of Peru recognizes no other form (as valid) than that prescribed by the Council of Trent, Protestants do, as a matter of fact, wed with religious cere mony in the presence of their ministers and civilly by the consuls and ambassa dors of their respective countries. The same condition of things relating to marriage exists in Bolivia and Ecua dor, where the religious worship ls reg ulated by constitutional enactments, with which, however, the holy see can not interfere. Having In due time received from your eminence the representations or the Rev. John Lee, I deem it opportune to communicate to you the results of my inquiries, so that you may, accord- you my inquiries, so that you may, ing to your Judgment, transmit them to the reverend gentleman. I am pleased to renew to you tho sense of profound reverence, humbly kissing your band, and I honor myself and reaffirm myself your eminence's most humble, devoted and true servant. M. CARDINAL RAMPOLLA. The report adds: In conclusion tho committee wishes to say: First—lt is. Indeed, a sad spectacle In this enlightened age that an institution claiming to be a moral and religious power in ths world, should refuse to lift a finger toward sweeping away what a Roman Catholic editor in thia city terms "odious religious restric tions," and to which an aged English statesman applies the language "hor rible and revolting." Second—lt la sadder still that all ef forts should be made to cover up, ex plain away or Justify the "odious and horrible." SATOLLI'S VIEWS WASHINGTON, April 27.—"This mat ter Is entirely foreign to the functions of Cardinal Satolli," stated Rev. Dr. Rooker, private secretary to the papal representative, today when shown the correspondence between the Chicago Methodist ministers and the Catholic authorities regarding restrictions on, Protestants in Peru, Ecuador and Bo livia. "Cardinal Satolli is here as tha pontifical representative of the pope, and has absolutely no cognizance of matters arising out of his own jurisdic tion. The conditions pictured doubt less are perfectly true. Protestants In the strictly Catholio countries like these three undoubtedly stand on precisely the same basis as Catholics in thai strictly Protestant countries. That ls a matter which rests solely with the re spective governments." NATIVE SONS Select Stockton as a Site for Admission ay Celebration I SAN LUIS OBISPO, April 27.—Ons hundred and ninety-eight delegates an swered to their names when Grand Pres ident Dunne called the grand parlor ot the Native Sons of. the Golden West to order today. Without opposition Stock ton was chosen as the place for the Ad mission day celebration this year. Red wood City is the most prominent in tha race for the next grand parlor meeting. A vote will be taken on the subject to morrow. San Francisco is the principal opponent. Tonight addresses of welcome were made by Mayor Unangst and William Graves. A response was made by Frank H. Dunne, grand president. Brilliant fireworks closed tho evening's festivi ties. STOCKTON, April 27.—The news tha* Stockton has won the Native Sons' cele bration of the Sth of September set tho Native Sons wild with enthusiasm, and they opened the jollification tonight with the screeching of steam whistles, the firing of bombs and the cheering of the happy young men. A band of twen ty musicians was soon called out. and crowds of the Native Sous marched about the city waving Hags and shout ing their good feelings. It was a gen eral time of rejoicing and the beginning Of a rousing celebration for which the fri Mids of the young men have promised $5000 to add to the $2000 the local parlor has set aside for the celebration. It will be a hummer. * French Politics ■LONDON. April 2S.—The Paris corres pondent of the Daily News says: "I hear that a Mellnc ministry may be formed to morrow. If so. heaven help it. M. Meline has chiefly consulted conservatives wear ing the republican cockade. M. Faure's situation is not an enviable one. and It may become less so. Suppose that the chamber should stop the credits for the salaries of the senators and the president. Most civil electors would rather enjoy the former and it might be the most practical way to force a revision of the constitution. The> senators wanting to draw down thunder bolts on France because they were depriv ed of 25 francs daily, a free lunch and medical assistance, would set all France Ml laughing;." ,