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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, April 28, 1896, Image 1

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Sensational Discussion of tbe
Naval Appropriations
tt the Methods Employed by the Armor
Plate Makers
Tbe House Devotes ths Day to ths Plckler
Oenersl Pension Bill—Vols to Bs
Tsksn Today
Associated Press Special Wire.
WASHINGTON, April 27.—The naval
appropriation bill was before the senate
throughout the day. An amendment
Offered by Mr. Chandler making lt un
lawful for retired naval officers to enter
the service of contractors furnishing
armor, etc., to the government, occa
sioned an animated debate, which grad
ually broadened Into a discussion of the
entire subject of armor plate. Mr. Till
man was among the most active in sup
port of the amendment, speaking of the
efforts to oheat and rob the government
and the tendency of millionaire con
tractors to "thrust their hands into the
pookets of Uncle Sam."
Mr. Chandler, Republican of New
Hampshire, presented a supplemental
report concerning alleged election
frauds In Alabama, and the naval ap
propriation bill was then taken up.
The main features of fhe bill are the
Items for four seagoing coast line bat
tleships designed to carry the heaviest
armor and most powerful ordnance, to
cost $3,750,000 each: three torpedo boats
having a speed of thirty knots, to cost
1800,000, and ten torpedo boats to cost
Mr. Quay offered an amendment In
creasing the appropriation for reserve
runs for auxiliary cruisers from $250,000
to $400,000.
Mr. Gorman doubted the expediency
of providing for a lot of new guns and
following it up with many new ships. In
view of the present condition of the
"Yes, and considerable silver, also,"
said Mr. Gorman.
After further debate Mr. Quay's
amendment was agreed to.
Mr. Perkins. Republican of California,
moved an amendment appropriating
$100,000 for a naval training school at
"Serba Buena, Cal.. but after some dis
cussion withdrew it.
Mr. Chandler offered an amendment
making it unlawful after June 30, 1897,
for naval officers to take service with
concerns fur.".lshlng armor or other
equipment for the government. These
offloers had facilities for knowing what
was going on at the navy department,
and it was improper that service to the
government and service to the con
tractors should runjogether.
Mr. Hale said that naval contractors
were constantly endeavoring to get an
advantage over the government and to
make enormous profits, and a naval offi
cer was thus placed In the embarrass
ment of serving the contractor who was
against the goverfnment. and the gov
ernment who was against the con
Mr. Chandler said that when the naval
Committee asked for the naval officers
conversant with affairs of the Carnegie
works and the Bethlehem works, the
two officers had appeared who wc-r.e sup
posed to represent the government. But,
behold, said Mr. Chandler, it turns out
that the two officers were on the retired
list and were In the rerviee of the Car
negie works and Bethlehem works.
Mr. Bacon, Democrat, of Georgia, in
sisted that lt was an evil so to circum
stance a naval officer that his services
could not be given to the.government.
"While he ls receiving pay from the
government," interjected Mr. Tillman,
Democrat, of South Carolina, who was
an Interested listener to the debate.
"I agree with you In that," said Mr.
"Then we are going to bring you
around all right, said Mr, Tillman,
Hgn M y. He said lt was neither decent
nor In good taste for these officers to
serve those interested in robbing the
government. It was now proposed by
the naval bill that all material used on
battleships be of American manufac
ture. While In full -sympathy with
every encouragement of American Inter
ests, yet the senator said he did not be
lieve In having this sentiment used to
further enrich a lot of millionaires. The
armor manufacturers were charging
$600 per ton for armor used by tho
United States, and at the same time fur
nishing armor to Russia at $300 per ton.
"I am unwilling to see these millionaires
grow richer by thrusting their hands
into the pockets of Uncle Sam," declared
Mr. Tillman.
Mr. Hale pointed out that the bureau
officer who took part in making con
tracts for armor was able to look ahead
to the time he would be on the retired
list and might enter Into the service of
the contractors.
In answer to a question Mr. Hale said
the experts before the naval committee
had shown that the cost of production
for armor was $250 per ton.
Mr. Gorman called attention to the
grave suggestions of irregularity made
some time ago, resulting In an investi
gation by tho naval committee, Involv
ing the cost, of armor. The committee
report ought to be at hand to permit
Intelligent consideration of these pro
posed appropriations for armor. He
went on to show the manner In which
the armor contracts had been placed in
the United States. Secretary Tracy
had sought the American manufactur
ers and had induced them to put in
plants capable of turning out armor,
and as a result these American works
were developed capable of furr ishlng
armor equal to any made. As a means
of entering foreign markets armor had
been offered to Russia at less than it
cost until large foreign contracts were
secured. It gave a prospect that we
would be able to compete with England
in sending steel blooms abroad.
Mr. Tillman Interjected the remark
that when these armor concerns claimed
they were furnishing armor to Russia
at'a loss he would not believe them, lt
hftd been developed In the committee in
vestigation that the original design was
only sufficient for armor to pay for put
ting In the armor plants. This had been
done and In this way the government
had practically established the Bethle
hem works, although the contractors
owned lt and were Interested in getting
the highest possible rates for armor.
After further debate the bill was laid
aside and at 5:15 p.m. the senate ad
Th* Vote on the Pension Bill Set for
WASHINGTON, April 27.—This was
District of Columbia day in the house,
and the general pension bill was side
tracked under an arrangement to give
the District the first two hours. Several
District bills were passed.
Mr. Henderson, Republican of lowa,
chairman of the committee on judiciary
gave notice that he would call up the
bankruptcy bill tomorrow as soon as
the pension bill was disposed of. Mr.
Henderson, from the committee on
rules, then, al 1:30 p. m., brought in a
special order for tho consideration of the
Plckler pension bill for one and a half
hours this afternoon, under the five
minute rule, the previous question then
to be considered as ordered on the bill
and pending amendments, with provis
ion for a final vote tomorrow immedi
ately after the reading of the Journal.
Mr. Crisp, Democrat of Georgia, char
acterized the rule as a remarkable one.
He said it pretended to do one thing,
but did another, as only such amend
ments as were adopted in committee
could be voted on The practical con
sequence of the adoption of this rule
would be to force the house to vote on
the bill without amendment,
Mr. Henderson said he made) no dis
guise of the fact that the purpose of the
rule was to bring the bill to a vote. He
said the situation in the senate must be
taken into consider aMon, and also the
president in the White House, and urged
all the friends of the old soldiers to
stand by the bill, as the best that could
be written on the statute books at this
Mr. Crisp reiterated his statement
that the purpose of the rule was to de
stroy the right of the amendments, ami
followed this with a charge that the btli
had been framed, not by the committee
on pensions, but by the leaders in con
trol of the house who had resolved that
the house should pass this bill as drawn
or nothing.
Mr. Cannon, Republican of Illinois,
said that as one of the 150 majority he
favored the rule. He had voted for the
act of 1890, he said, which had placed
400,000 new names on the pension roll.
Mr. Hepburn. Republican of lowa, op
posed the option of the rule. The bill
ought, he said, to be amended.
Tlie rule was adopted—ll9 to 88.
Thirty-four Republicans voted
against the adoption of the bill, as fol
lows: Blue. Bowers, Burton of Mis
souri, Calderhead, Connolly, Cook,
Cooper, Crowther, Danford, DeWitt,
Eddy, Fenton, Graff, Hager, Hartman,
Henderson, Hepburn, Johnson of Cali
fornia. Klrkpatrick, McClure, McLach
lan, Miller, Miner ot Wisconsin, Smith.
Southard, Strong, Sulloway, Tawney,
Towne, Tracowell. Updegraff, Van Horn,
Wanger and Wilson of Idaho.
When the vote was announced, on mo
tion of Mr. Cannon, chairman of the
appropriations committee, the senate
amendments to thfe sundry civil bill
were non-concurred in and the bill sent
to conference. Messrs Cannon, Hainer,
W. A. Stone and Sayers were appointed
Under the rule adopted the pension
bill was taken up for amendment under
the flve-minute rule.
Mr. Connelly, Repnbllcan of Illinois,
offered an amendment to the section of
the bill which provided that no person
entitled to a pension should be disquali
fied from receiving a pension by reason
of any prior service in the confederate
army, so as to limit tho provision to per
sons who had performed "involuntary
service" in the southern army.
Mr Plckler opposed the amendment
on the ground that it would be Impossi
ble to prove that service in trie'confed
erate army had been "Involuntary."
Mr Pearson, Republican of North
Carolina, appealed to his colleague, Mr.
Talbert, not to oppose the soldiers from
their section, but to let the opposition
come. If it must come, from the copper
heads of the north.
Mr. Miles. Republican of Maryland,
denounced the men who deserted from
the confederate army to Join the Union
ranks at the close of the war as "mere
mercenaries who fought for gold and
honored no flag." .
Mr. Connelly's amendment was de
feated without division.
Mr. Hepburn offered an amendment
providing that the pension office should
construe the pension laws liberally in
the interest of the claimant, and that no
claimant should be required to produce
proof that would exclude all reasonable
doubt, but that claims should be de
cided in favor of the preponderance of
the proof.
Mr. Hepburn's amendment was
agreed to without division.
Several other amendments were voted
down, when, at 4 oclock, the time under
the special order expired, and the bill
was reported to the house. The Hep
burn amendment was adopted and the
bill was engrossed and ordered to Its
Sir. Plckler asked unanimous consent
that the vote on the passage be taken
this afternoon, but afterward withdrew
his request.
Some minor bills were passed by
unanimous consent, and at' 4:40 the
house adjourned.
Engineered ia the Interest of the Hy-
draulic Miners
Electric and Water Power and Irrigation
Right to Be Secured at the Expense
of the Qovernment
SAN FRANCISCO, April 27.—The
Chronicle says: An able-bodied "job"
has been uiscovcred In the appropria
tion for the construction of a restraining
barrier in the Sacramento and Feather
If lt succeeds it will result in the gov
ernment building a dam at Daguerre
point in the interest of private parties,
while the hydrf.ulic miners will be com
pletely ' ignored. Kather tljan this
should happen, says a telegram from
the State Miners' association to Tirey
L.. Ford, Its agent at Washington, "the
hydraulic miners would prefer that no
appropriation at all should be made at
this session."
In another dispatch the association
repudiates Assemblyman "Dick" Tho
mas, who has been at Washington for
several months, and who is credited with
working the project through in the in
terest of himself and coterie of promi
nent capitalists and politicians.
The scheme is said to be a magnifi
cent one. Thus far it has been very
cleverly worked. It oomprehends the
acquisition of electric and water power
ond irrigation rights at the expense of
the' state and federal governments, the
value of which lt is difficult to estimate.
The figure is placed at $1,000,000 by John
M. Wright, who has been investigating
the subject for the executive committee
of the California Miners' association.
The "job" has been under way ever
since the act appropriating $2f>0,000 out
of the state treasury for the building of
restraining dams, providing the United
States government would set aside a
like amount for a like purpose. The
opportunity was then offered and at the
legislative session of 1805 the. first step
was taken.
Section 1416 of the Civil Code, relat
ing to water rights, was amended so as
to provide "that if the erection of a
dam has been recommended by the Cal
ifornia debris commission at or near the
place where it is Intended to divert the
-.water the claimant shall have sixty days
after the completion of such dam in
which to commence the excavation or
construction of the works in which he
Intends to divert the water."
The object of this addition to the law
was to enable those Interested in the
scheme to postpone work until after the
government had built the dam and then
to take advantage of its presence.
Held a Prisoner by tbe Turkish
The First Step Toward tbe Removal of
All the Missionaries
A Request That ths Cruiser Msrbletiead Pro
ceed to Alexandretta Brings ths Ports
to Its Semes
Associated Press Special Wire.
Sofia, Bulgaria, April 27).—Rev. George
P. Knapp, the American missionary ex
pelled from Bitlis by the Turkish author
ities without trial, on a charge of havlnr;
incited the Armenians to rebel against
Turkish rule, was surrenders I to the
United States consul at Alexandretta on
Saturday. Details on the affairs which
reached hern today show that the step
was not taken until a United Slates war
ship had been telegraphed foi. Knapp
will probably, by advice of the United
States representatives, come- to this city
and have his conduct at Bit'is investi
gated before the charge d'affaires.
Mr. Knapp, as already cabled, was ex.
pelled from Bitlis about a month ago, in
spite of the agreement reached between
the United States minister here, Mr,
Terrell, and the Turkish government
(after the charges against Mr. Knapp
had been discussed), that the Ametk'dn
missionary should not leave his post un
til April Ist, or until the roads were tol
erably free from snow. In order that he
might be abie to take his family with
As It was, the missionary was compell
ed to leave Bitlis before the time agreed
upon, and without his family. 'When he
reached Diarbekir In custody, the news
was telegraphed here and the Turkish
government positively asserted that Mr.*
Knapp was-the "guest of rtie valiof that
place and not a prisoner "
It ls now stated that the missionary
has been a prisoner throughout his jour
ney to the coast and that the vail of
Aleppo detained him at that nlace for live
days while making futile efforts to make
him sign an agreement no: to return to
Bitlis. Mr. Knap,) steadily refused to
sign any such agreemnt, on the ground
that he had committed no crime an i
had in no way broken the laws of the
country, and. that the charges brought
against him were entirely unfounded.
He also distinctly gave the vuli to un
derstand that he intended to protest to
the United States government against
his expulsion from Bitlis. and his treat
ment in general, and to hold the Turkish
authorities responsible for the safety of
his family.
When the vali saw that it was useless
to continue his attempts to get Mr.
Knapp to sign the agreement mentioned
the missionary was allowed to proceed,
still treated as a prisoner, to Alexan
dretta. It had been agreed between J.
W. Riddle, the American charge d'af
faires at Constantinople, and the Turk
ish government, that the American mis
sionary upon arriving at "Alexandretta
was to be delivered to the United States
consul there and the latter was to see
that Mr. Knapp came on to this city for
trial before the representative of the
United States, but when the missionary
reached Alexandretta on April 23, in
spite of the porte's promises, the Turk
ish authorities refused to deliver the
prisoner to the United States consul.
The latter entered a formal protest
against the detention of the missionary
and communicated by wire with Mr.
Riddle, informing him that the Turkish
officials intended to expel Mr. Knapp
from Turkish territory by compelling
him to embark on board a steamer sail
ing for Europe on April 24.
Thereupon Mr. Riddle made energetlo
representations to the Turkish govern
ment, demanding that the latter respect
Its engagements, and in order to give
emphasis to his remarks the charge
d'affaires telegraphed to Marsina.where
the United States cruiser Marblehead
was at anchor, asking the commander
to proceed to Alexandretta and place
the cruiser at the disposal of the United
States consul at that port. This prompt
action upon the part of Mr. Riddle had
a decided effect upon the porte, for the
latter no sooner became aware that the
Marblehead had been telegraphed for
than orders were sent to Alexandretta
for the release of Mr. Knapp.
Those in a position to know the facts
of the case assert that the charges
against Mr. Knapp are groundless and
that the latter's expulsion was only a
ballon d'assal, which, If allowed to
pass without protest, would probably
have resulted In similar action being
taken against other missionaries, and
eventually against all Protestant and
Catholic missionaries In Adriatic Tur
key; for, all denials to the contrary, the
sultan has prepared to take this step
and only gave up the plan upon the ad
vice of the Russian ambassador, who,
however, is credited, rightly or wrongly,
with having conveyed to the sultan the
plan of getting rid of the missionaries.
Mr. Riddle, during the past few days,
It is understood, has been in communi
cation with Washington regarding the
case of Mr. Knapp. and It Is believed
that a most searching Inquiry will be
made lntqsfjl the circumstances attend
ing the expulsion of the American mis
sionary from Bitlis, In order that no
doubt shall remain as to who is to blame
In the matter, and it is believed a pre
cedent which may serve as a guide
should further and similar occurrences
be presented.
Officers ol the Sealing Fleet Become Total
TACOMA, Wash., April 27.—A Port
Townsend special to the Ledger says-
Instructions came from the treasury de
partment this afternoon, ordering the
comanders of the revenue cutters of
the Bchring sea patrol fleet not to take
aboard any spirituous liquors. The fleet
was ready to sail when the orders were
j issued, and the mess officers wer« com
pelled to land their private liquors The
captains themselves, while in the north
! must live like prohibitionists, as they
will not be allowed ta have on board the
mildest of Intoxicating beverages. The
ordpr caused a wave of disapproval
throughout the fleet, but none of the
officers expresscl their desire of resign
ing rather than obey the instructions
The belief Is expressed here that the
order emanated from the scandal and
. general charges of drunkenness unearth
ed in the Healy case at San Francisco
last autumn, when one-third of the of
ficers on duty In Behrlng sea were ac
cused of Intemperance.
The patrol fleet will sail tomorrow at
noon for ITnalaska and Behrlng sea via
Sitka. In July they will go into the Arc
tic ocean to look after the whaling licet.
Proposed Fruit Exchange
SAN FRANCISCO. April 27.—The di
rectors of the California Fruit exchange
and a committee of fruit-growers -met
In this city today for the purpose of dis
cussing a fruit market in San Francisco
for the disposal of the products of the
state. A resolution was passed direct
ing the directors of the fruit exchange
to establish a free market, providing
the harbor commissioners would furnish
a free wharf and levy such additional
state tolls on goods landed thereon as
may be necessary to meet the expenses
of the market A representative of the
Southern Pacific company assured the
directors that the railroad would deliver
fruit at the free market from interior
points without extra cost to the pro
Lyon Post rtembera Threatened With Court
OAKLAND, April 27.—The troubles In
the G. A. R. camp are by no means
settled. The feeling against the alleged
ring by Lyon post is more bitter since
the action of the Santa Cruz encamp
ment than lt was before, and it is pos
sible that the post will surrender its
There ls some talk even of court
martialing the veteran commander of
Lyon post, Capt. George A. Norton, for
the part he has taken in the trouble,
and this talk ls simply setting the Lyon
members wild.
One of them said today: "The ring
might as well go to the limit. It ought
now to court-martial all our members
ond recall the post's charter. It has
done all it could to destroy the spirit
of good citizenship and comradeship
that existed in the order this side of the
bay, and thus made itself more solid in
its schemes to rule or ruin.
"I want to call your attention to the
point that the tail wags the dog. At
the department encampment there are
five veterans selected as members of the
council of administration tn act with the
elective officers. Of these five ap
pointees four were selected from Ran
Francisco, leaving only one member to
represent the state at large. Of the four
San Franciscans two are taken from
Thomas post and one from Garfield
post. Thus three members out of five
are taken from the two posts which
Lyon post, in its charges, says usurped
nearly everything."
Bolln Discharged
OMAHA, Nab., April 27.—After a sen
sational trial extending over several
weeks, the jury in tire case of ex-City
Treasurer Henry Bolln was discharged,
being unable to agree. They stood nine
for conviction and three for acquittal.
Bolln was charged with appropriating
$113,000 of Omaha funds. The shortage
was detected last year and the pressure
became so great his bondsmen took
charge. Bolln's defense was wholly
Continues to Draw Crowds of Prurient
Curiosity Seekers
Some Testimony dlven Tending to Connect
the. Defendant With the Murder
of Pearl tiryan
NEWPORT, Ky., April 27.—Not only
was every available seat in the court
room filled today, but the occupancy of
standing room In narrow passages was
permitted. Ten" witaesscs wero exam
ined, making fifty-two up to tlie pres
ent time. Much time was devoted to
debate by counsel. Twice during the
day the jury was required to retire
during the debate. For the first time dur
ing the trial the court gave notice to
women to retire because the letters of
Will Wood to Scott Jackson were not
proper for them to hear. It has been the
policy of the prosecution to bring out the
bloody garments of the dead girl every
day since the beginning the the trial and
today was no exception.
Detective Crim testified to having seen
tracks on the bank above where the
body was found, which semed to have
been made by the rubbers Pearl Bryan
wore. He was present when Jackson
and Walling were arrested; also was at
the private examination in the office of
Chief Deitsch. The defense moved to
rule out everything testified to which
was not confession, arguing that Crim's
testimony concerning admissions or
statements, was not competent until it
was shown that no threats or induce
ments had been employed.
The court sustained the objection of
the defendant's counsel. Crim then told
the story of the effort to overhear Jack
son and Walling talking together in a
cell on the day they were brought from
the Hamilton county jail to Newport
Crim said that Jackson asked Walling
If he had told reporters that somebody
was furnishing him whisky and tobac
co. Walling said "No." Jackson said
"You're all right." Finally Jackson said:
"Walling, you stand pat when you get
over there," and after that the talking
became Indistinct.
John- W. Legnor. saloon-keeper, testi
fied that Jackson left a valise In his sa
loon Saturday night, Sunday night and
Monday night. He identified the valise
as the one which Jackson had admitted
had held the head of Pearl Bryan.
A Commercial Gazette reporter saw a
river bridge ticket found on Jackson
when first arrested, calling for the pass
age of a horse and vehicle.
Charles Rogers, night clerk of Heidler's
hotel, testified that Walling came there
after 3 oclock in the morning of Feb
ruary Ist with his clothes wringing wet
and rushed to bed without registering.
He had never before or since stayed over
night at the hotel.
Other witnesses Identified the dead
girl's shoes and described the condition
of the ground where the corpse was
The defense brought Will Wood on the
stand to interrogate him about Uo vile
letters written by him to Jackson Feb
ruary Ist and 2d. Here It was that the
women were requested to retire. The
letters are too coarse and indecent to
be printed.
The points of greatest importance as
bearing on the case in Will Wood's let
ters to Jackson was In that dated Plym
outh. Ind., February Ist, in wh,ich were
the following sentences: "Doc, if you
have let a chance go by I'll give you
hell;" also. "Tf you have grown chicken
hearted you ought to be shot." The rest
of the letter was made up of innuendoes
and personal illusions, intelligible to the
writer and Jackson, but riddles to all
others. Wood was detained to give the
defense opportunity to offer this testi
Wt«lmmnns Honored
BALTIMORE, Md., April27.—Dan Stuart
came over from New York today with the
articles signed by Brady in Corhett's be
half. Fitzsimmons is playing at tha Monu
mental theater. After the performance,
Fitzsimmons. Stuart. Julian and the repre
sentative of the Associated Press ad
journed to the Oarrollton hotel. The con
ference which ensued showed that Fitz
simmons' side will not yield from their
insistence of Corbett fighting somebody be
fore getting a match.
1,1 Him* Htnor»d 1
ODESSA, April 27.—Ll Hung Chang ar
rived here today on his way to Moscow to
attend the coronation of the csar, as the
representative of the emperor of China.
The Chinese statesman was received by
the civil and military officials and a guard
sf honor.
Minority Report on tbe Pacific
Railroad Bill
Why the Majority Bill Should Not Be
Every Disinterested Parson Appearing Be
fore ths Commutes Has Advocated Fore
closure of ths Qovernment Llsn
Associated Press Special Wire.
WASHINGTON, April 27.—The minor
ity report on the Pacific railroad bill
was submitted to the house today by
Representative Hubbard of Missouri,
lt deals exhaustively with the financial
conditions of the companies concerned
in the proposed funding plan. It argued
that the majority bill should not be
adopted for three reasons:
First —The committee has not learned
enough of the affairs of the debtor com
panies to bo able to tell the house what
is best to do.
Second—The companies made offers
before the committee, and are undoubt
edly ready to concede terms very much
better for the government than those
embodied In the bill.
Third —The propositions in the bill are
neither good nor safe for the govern
Under the first head it is contended
that most of the parties who appeared
before tha committee were interested
in the railroads: that every disinterest
ed voice advocated foreclosure proceed
ings, not with the view that the govern
ment should operate the roads, but to
protect the government as a preliminary
step. It was not considered whether
the government has a lien on all the as
sets under the Thurman act, either in
view of the acceptance, of that act by
the companies or as a matter of law.
The extent of the lien of the government
otherwise is in much doubt. The re
port compares the statement of the
Central Pacific earnings made by ttf,
attorney, Mr. Tweed, with the statement
in Poor's Manual, from 1890 to 1894. In
the first of these years Mr. Tweed's
statement was $S98,000; Poor's $6,061,
--986; in the last year Tweed's, $144,000;
Poor's $4,854,112.
The report declares that there is no
assurance that the bill would be car
ried out, because both companies are
insolvent and their undertakings Idle;
that so far as the Union Pacific is con
cerned, it is an option to the companies'
successors,' unlimited In time and bind
ing on the government.
In regard to the Central Pacific it
"It was advanced before the commit
tee as an open secret that the Central
is saved from default only by the pur
chase of its subsidy bonds by Its friends,
who carry them without Interest to pre
vent their presentation to the govern
ment for payment, pending the settle
ment. As ,to which ot the two com
panies showed the most strength—the
negotiation offering the same terms to
each was carried "to a point where Th"<*
Central broke down and the Union still
stood up."
Under the Powers bill the principal
Indebtedness would be reduced to about
$23,000,000, while under no other plan
could it be less than $35,000,000, exclus
ive of $20,000,000 prefered stock, if that
were taken Instead of that amount of
second mortgage installment bonds. So
that most of the debt all of the time,
and all of the debt most of the time,
would be secured as part of the first
mortgage, Instead of a second mortgage
all the time, as proposed in this bill.
Assuming that the sinking fund pro
vided in the bill may pay tho Union
Pacific debt in eighty-one years, the re
port assets that the company would
pay $100,000,000 in principal and interest
while under the company's first offer lt
would have paid In Interest In the same
time on $35,000,000 four per cent bonds
$113,000,000. The offer the committee re
jected is said to be $48,000,000 better than
the bill under which, it ls h<?ld, the
Union Pacific company will practically
never pay the government a dollar in
Mr.Hubbard holds that for the protec
tion of the interests of the government
these conditions are nece sary to any
First—The main lines of the Central
and Union Pacific should be united for
the support of the common security
which the government must take on
Second-The United States should
never again rely upon a Junior encum
Third—A bill which purports to con
stitute contracts by the United States
with other parties should deal with
foundation titles and the holders of
Thero is an exhaustive contention of
a government lien on the subsidized
part of the Kansas Pacific division It
. wl S h thls ,len established
and the Central Pacific freed from its
lease to the Southern Paoific, the roads
could be restored to their old prosper
ity, and the ability to satisfy the gov
ernment's claim be assured
nifl? connection with the Southern Pa
cific of Kentucky, it is held that "the
business Into which some of the state!
have fallen of selling charters for extra
territorial operation is a manifest evil "
The additional argument is made
against the committee bill that it ls In
conflict with the principles of the anti
trust law, and will create two of the
greatest railroad monopolies in the coun
try; that it Is contrary to the constitu
tion of California and that of Nebraska
which require that stock be issued for
values only.
"It is said the Union Pacific reorganiza
tion committee has assembled three
fourths of the ilrst-mortgage bonds, and
Is pressing for a foreclosure which would
bar the government's secondary lien To
prevent this the Morgan-Brlce bill is
The report concludes that the secre
tary of the Interior, having held that
the government claim is good and should
not be discounted over 20 per cent, the at
torney-general, assisted by Governor
Hoadlcy, having drawn a bill to deter
mine the government lien, which bill Is
supported by Senators Brice and Mor
gan, when the government directors have
said the roads are worth much more
united, have a plan to unite them and
assure congress that capital is waiting
to bid for the property In that shape, it
would be unwise to pass a bill which
declares the government Hen to be lim
ited, when the Thurman act said it
should not be.
Another Cvclons
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., April 27.—A cy
clone did heavy damage in Faulkner
county' yesterday. A cloud burst near
Conway and at other places hail cov
ered the ground to a depth of from three
Inches to five feet. A church and cotton
gin were blown half a mile, many farm
houses and barns and other buildings to
tally demolished and stock killed. An
entire flock of sheep were Mown away.
Details are not fully in, and it ls feared
that human lives have been lost.
The Sscred Mahstmss Will Revive the As.
clent Mysteries
NEW YORK, April 27. — The second
day's convention of the Theosophical So
ciety of America met in the assembly
room at Madison Square garden this
morning, Dr. Buck presiding. C. F.
Wright, the chairman of the committee
on revision and by-laws, submitted
the report of the committee. In relation
to the occult successor to the late Mr.
Judge, the newly-elected president, Ern
est T. Hargrove, said it was a mistake
to suppose his election as president car
ried with it occult leadership. Mr. Judge
was the occult leader and president of
the external theosophical organization.
The occult body has no official connec
tion with the theosophical society. He
said that after Mr. Judge's death, papers
were found naming the person who
should succeed him as occult leader, but
that the name must be kept secret for a
Chairman Buck announced that lt was
the Intention of Mahatmas, through the
theosophical society, to revive the an
cient mysteries. For that purpose a col
lege for occult leading was to be built in
this, country. The meeting adjourned
sine die at noon.
Distinguished dentlemen Honor the Dead
and Talk Politics
BOSTON, April 27.—The Grant din
ner of the Middlesex club at the Bruns
wick tonight In honor of the birthday
of the great general was a fitting close
of the banquet season. The distin
guished guests of the evening were Gen
eral James Longstreet of the confeder
ate army. Senator-elect J. B. Foraker
of Ohio. James H. Hoyt of Ohio, Sen
ator Thurston of Nebraska and Lieu
tenant-Governor Wolcott. All spoke
and all were greeted with enthusiastic
applause. Governor Wolcott delivered
an address of welcome.
Senator Thurston brought the con
gratulations of Nebraska to Massachu
setts, saying that the Republicans of his
state were Just as truly, soundly and
solidly for a stable currency as are the
Republicans of Massachusetts.
The next speaker was James H. Hoyt
of Ohio, who was followed by several
members of the club.
A Hurt Horseman
LONDON, Ap:*l 27.— H. M. Ripley, the
well known gentleman rider, ls believed
to be dying, as a result of Banquet II
falling upon him at the first hurdle In
the great Sandowne hurdle race at San
downe park on Saturday last.
But Denies Hostility Toward the Trans.
vaal Republic
A Pies for Mercy Which Is Not Par Removed
From s Threat-The Cats
PRETORIA, April 27.—The trial was
resumed today of the national reform
committee of Johannesburg;. John
-Hays Hammond, the American mining
engineer, pleaded guilty of high treaon,
folowing the example of the other lead
ers of the reform committee. Mr. Ham
mond was prevented by llness from be
ing present at the time the other leaders
made their plea.
In view of the plea of guilty entered
by the defendant, there was nothing in
the way of cross-examination to elicit
testimony on the question of the ulti
mate responsibility for the Jameson
movement. But counsel for the defense
read a statement which was signed by
Messrs. John Hays Hammond, Lionel
Phillips, George Farrar and Col. Fran
cis Rhodes, the leaders of the reform
committee, who have pleaded guilty of
high treason.
This statement reviews the recent his
tory of the futile agitation for redress of
alleged Uitlarder grievances in the
Transvaal. The statement admits that
in face of rumors current that the Boers
were going to attack Johannesburg, the
signers had asked Dr. Jameson to
come, but that they deplored the mis
take he had made in coming when there
was no urgent need for his presence.
They maintained their action had not
been hostile to the republic, its officials
having been protected and life and
property having been generally pre
served. sent officers on Decem
ber 27th, the statement says, to forbid
:he movement on Dr. Jameson's part.
In addition to this signed statement
telegrams arrived which passed be
tween Mr. Beit of the chartered South
Africa company and Dr. Jameson, Col.
Francis Rhodes and others, but not
Hon. Cecil Rhodes, the then premier of
Cape Colony.
Following the presentation of the doc
uments, counsel made a speech of two
hours in behalf of the defense, conclud
ing as follows:
"If the edge of the sword ls to be used
it will cause eternal misery In the re
public, but should the flat side be em
ployed, it will usher In peace and good
The trial was adjourned until tomor
row, when it is expected Judgment in
the case will be had.
Mexican Matters
CITY OF MEXICO. April 27.—A tele
gram from Oaxaca, today reports the
bands of revolting Indians hav<* been
entirely dispersed and their leader ar
rested. It appears some Indian coffee
growers had been informed they would
have to pay 50 cents annual tax on each
tree, while the new state tax was merely
Apostolic Delegate Averrardl contin
ues his investigation of church abuses,
and sharply rebuked Editor Terrazas
for Intolerance and lack of Christian
charity In the conduct of his weekly
paper, the Guadalupe Kingdom.
The Sehorn Trial
WILLOWS, April 27.—After two
weeks spent in examining Jurors, during
which 161 men were summoned and ex
amined, a jury was secured today In the
Sehorn murder trial. Attorney Swtn
ford. for the prosecution, occupied about
an hour in his opening address to the
jury this afternoon. Frank Putman.
nephew of the deceased, was the first
witness called by the prosecution. The
examination of this witness had only
fairly begun when the hour of adjourn
ment arrived.
A Jew-halter Retires
VIENNA. April 27.—At the expressed
wish of Emperor Francis Joseph. Dr. Lue
ger. the anti-Semite leader, who for the
third time was recently elected burgomas
ter of this city after his election had been
annulled by the emperor, today formally
renounced the burgomastership.
In the Tolls
DENVER. Col., April 27.—Sheriff Per
kins of Albion, Cassln county. Idaho, ar
rived In Denver en route to Shawnee. Ok
lahoma, where Jack Davis, alias "Diamond
Field Jack," who murdered two sheep ;
herders In Idaho, has been arrested. The i
sheriff carries requisition papers from Gov.
MoConneu far th* Idaho criminal. |
Religious Liberty in the South
American Countries
Explaining (he Situation lo the Strictly
Catholic Countries
Religious Worship Is Regulated by Coaattts*
tlonsl Enactments With Which the
Holy See Cannot Interfere
Associated Press Special Wire. *—*■
CHICAGO, April 27.—At tha Chlcaars
Methodist ministers' meeting today
Rev. John Lee, chairman of the com
mittee on relgious liberty for Protest
ants In South America, read the reports
of the committee.
It first details the difficulties experi
enced In the obtaining the attention of
the highest dignitaries of the Roman
Catholic church, stating that several
letters addressed to Archbishop Ireland.
Cardinal Satolli, Cardinal Gibbons and
finally to the pope were unanswered.
At length, however, Cardinal Gibbons
took the mater up, referring; it to Car
dinal Rampola, papal secretary of state.
The following if* the cardinal's letter ta
Cardinal Gibbons:
ROME, November 30,1895,
To Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbish
op of Baltimore—Most Reverend and
Eminent Sir: In consequence of pre
vious interviews held with your emi
nence, I wrote, of which fact you vert
informed on the 12th of June, 1895, to tha
apostolic delegate for the republic of
Peru, Bolivia and to Ecuador, to obtain
precise information as to the legal status
of Protestants there, regarding the free
exercise of religious worship and the)
celebration of marriages.
The pontifical representative of ths
holy see promptly complied with myj
request, and now I am in a position to
state that the Protestants in Peru, so
far from being restricted in the free ex
ercise of their worship, are rather ac
corded a larger degree of toleration
than Is compatible with a strict con
struction of the political legislation of
the countries. This is evidenced by the
fact that in Peru, especially In the cities
of Lima and Callao, there are several
Anglican and Methodist chapels where
weekly conferences are held. As to the
solemnization of marriages, the dele
gate informs me that while the consti
tution of Peru recognizes no other form
(as valid) than that prescribed by the
Council of Trent, Protestants do, as a
matter of fact, wed with religious cere
mony in the presence of their ministers
and civilly by the consuls and ambassa
dors of their respective countries.
The same condition of things relating
to marriage exists in Bolivia and Ecua
dor, where the religious worship ls reg
ulated by constitutional enactments,
with which, however, the holy see can
not interfere.
Having In due time received from
your eminence the representations or
the Rev. John Lee, I deem it opportune
to communicate to you the results of
my inquiries, so that you may, accord-
my inquiries, so that you may,
ing to your Judgment, transmit them to
the reverend gentleman.
I am pleased to renew to you tho
sense of profound reverence, humbly
kissing your band, and I honor myself
and reaffirm myself your eminence's
most humble, devoted and true servant.
The report adds: In conclusion tho
committee wishes to say:
First—lt is. Indeed, a sad spectacle In
this enlightened age that an institution
claiming to be a moral and religious
power in ths world, should refuse to
lift a finger toward sweeping away
what a Roman Catholic editor in thia
city terms "odious religious restric
tions," and to which an aged English
statesman applies the language "hor
rible and revolting."
Second—lt la sadder still that all ef
forts should be made to cover up, ex
plain away or Justify the "odious and
WASHINGTON, April 27.—"This mat
ter Is entirely foreign to the functions
of Cardinal Satolli," stated Rev. Dr.
Rooker, private secretary to the papal
representative, today when shown the
correspondence between the Chicago
Methodist ministers and the Catholic
authorities regarding restrictions on,
Protestants in Peru, Ecuador and Bo
livia. "Cardinal Satolli is here as tha
pontifical representative of the pope,
and has absolutely no cognizance of
matters arising out of his own jurisdic
tion. The conditions pictured doubt
less are perfectly true. Protestants In
the strictly Catholio countries like these
three undoubtedly stand on precisely
the same basis as Catholics in thai
strictly Protestant countries. That ls
a matter which rests solely with the re
spective governments."
Select Stockton as a Site for Admission ay
I SAN LUIS OBISPO, April 27.—Ons
hundred and ninety-eight delegates an
swered to their names when Grand Pres
ident Dunne called the grand parlor ot
the Native Sons of. the Golden West to
order today. Without opposition Stock
ton was chosen as the place for the Ad
mission day celebration this year. Red
wood City is the most prominent in tha
race for the next grand parlor meeting.
A vote will be taken on the subject to
morrow. San Francisco is the principal
Tonight addresses of welcome were
made by Mayor Unangst and William
Graves. A response was made by Frank
H. Dunne, grand president. Brilliant
fireworks closed tho evening's festivi
STOCKTON, April 27.—The news tha*
Stockton has won the Native Sons' cele
bration of the Sth of September set tho
Native Sons wild with enthusiasm, and
they opened the jollification tonight
with the screeching of steam whistles,
the firing of bombs and the cheering of
the happy young men. A band of twen
ty musicians was soon called out. and
crowds of the Native Sous marched
about the city waving Hags and shout
ing their good feelings. It was a gen
eral time of rejoicing and the beginning
Of a rousing celebration for which the
fri Mids of the young men have promised
$5000 to add to the $2000 the local parlor
has set aside for the celebration. It will
be a hummer. *
French Politics
■LONDON. April 2S.—The Paris corres
pondent of the Daily News says: "I hear
that a Mellnc ministry may be formed to
morrow. If so. heaven help it. M. Meline
has chiefly consulted conservatives wear
ing the republican cockade. M. Faure's
situation is not an enviable one. and It may
become less so. Suppose that the chamber
should stop the credits for the salaries of
the senators and the president. Most civil
electors would rather enjoy the former
and it might be the most practical way to
force a revision of the constitution. The>
senators wanting to draw down thunder
bolts on France because they were depriv
ed of 25 francs daily, a free lunch and
medical assistance, would set all France Ml
laughing;." ,

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