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TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 330.
FRIENDS OF FREE SILVER Continue the Campaign of Education BRYAN'S SPEECH 111 KINGSTON Received With Cheers by Labor ing Men FREE SILVER'S CANDIDATE Recognized as the Champion of the People's Cause The Voters la the Enemy's Country Are Oct ting Interested The California Puslon Program Completed by the Appointment ot • Committee to Select tho Congressional Candidates Associated Press Special Wire NEW GRAND HOTEL, SUMMIT MOUNTAINS, Aug. 25.—Mr. and Mrs. Bryan arrived here at 10:30. Along the way people from boarding and farm houses presented Mrs. Bryan with How ers. AT KINGSTON. HUDSON. N. V., Aug. 25.—One of the most Interesting episodes of the New- York tour was crowded into a brief half hour at Kingston. From the spec ial train the Bryan party was trans ferred to carriages awaiting them at the depot, with accessories of cannon and a brass band clamoring a welcom ing salute, were escorted through tho streets past factories whose windows framed the faces of workingmen and working girls, to the city hall. Not less than 3000 people were packed upon the green, many of them workingmen. Mr. Bryan spoke to them from the steps of the hall, where he stood under the fes tooned flags. He was Introduced by Hon. John D. Cummings, and the speech which he delivered inspired cheer after cheer for every striking point. Mr. Bryan said: Ladles and gentlemen: I regret very much that the time ls so limited that I can speak but a moment. It is not nec essary, however, to occupy much of your time, because you will have an op portunity between now and election day to inform yourselves on the issues of the campaign. I cannot do much more than to greet you today, and ask you to make yourselves familiar with the Issues of the campaign. You have been kind enough to present us with a bou quet, and in the card it Is stated that the flowers are from tho workingmen. I am glad to see this recognition from the workingmen. (Great applause.) When I want to speak to workingmen I do not go to their employers and ask them to deliver the votes of those who work for them. I have known employ ers In the west who have tried to force object lessons on their employes, and have used the Mexican dollar as an ar gument. Whenever an employer tries to tell you how to vote tell him the declaration of Independence says that all men are created equal before the law, and that you are his equal before the law and you cannot be bartered away. (Great ap plause and crl.es of "Hanna! Hanna!") Ail are business men who by labor of hand or mind contribute to the wealth and greatness of this nation, and the ballot is given to all that each may us-» the ballot to express not what some one else wants, but what he wants himself. We have had object lessons. We have had those that insisted that a financial policy could not be made and carried out in this country without the help of foreign nations. My friends, I have this proposition to make: Over seventy millions of people are able to have a financial policy of their/ own, and do not have to hire a syndicate of foreign or domestic cap italists to run our government. They tell us when we speak of the silver question that the free and unlimited coinage is a dangerous thing. We tell them that we have suffered for twenty years from their policy, and it does not take a very good policy to be better than theirs. (Great applause.) More than that, we give them this evi dence of sincerity. We tell them what we want and how we are going to get it, but they dare not tell the American people what they expect to do if they are entrusted with power. Do they tell you that a gold standard Is a good thing? No, because 70,000,000 here and the struggling masses throughout the world would rise up and denounce the state ment that the gold standard ever helped anybody except the money owners and the money changers. They say that bi metallism is a good thing if we could only get it. More than 100 years ago there were a few people who said independence was a good thing if we could only have it, but there were enough who not only said it was a good thing,, but that they could have it, and they gave to this people an independent form of government. (Great applause and cheering.) And there are today, if I mistake not, a vast majority of the American people who are ready to say not only that bimetal lism is a good thing, but that no good thing is too good for the American peo ple. The American people are able to have what they think, best for the peo ple of this country without waiting for the aid or consent of any other nation on earth. (Tremendous applelise.) I have not time to talk to you now, but I have time to give two questions which I would ask you to ask your op ponents. I have given them before and I shall give them again. They are the questions which you can put to your op ponents and drive them from the field. The first Is: If the gold standard ls a good thing, why does the Republican party pledge itself to get rid of the gold standard? (Great applause.) If bimetallism is a thing to be desired, who shall say that the American people shall be denied its benefits until for eign nations confer those benefits tipon the American people? These are the two question. If the gold standard is a good thing, why should we try to get rid of lt? If it ls a bad thing, why should the American people be compelled to keep it? I thank you for your kind at tention. (Great applause and long cheering.) After the speech the party made a dash to catch the Albany train and were ferried across the Hudson on a tugboat to the Rhinecllff station, landing Just as the train pulled in. The Hudson de pot was surrounded by 800 or 1000 peo ple, who came about the car with the familiar yells. To them Mr. Bryan said: "I nm going west, my friends, and I am glad to be able to take back to my Nebraska home the news that the peo ple of New York are getting Interested in the money question, as well as the people of the west and south. (Great applause.) I have so much confidence in the righteousness of our cause that I believe the more you study the money question, the more people there will he in New York who will be in favor of the immediate restoration of the free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver at the present ratio of 16 to 1, without wait ing for the aid or consent of any other nation on earth. I want you not only to study the money question so that you understand it yourself, but I want you to go out as missionaries and tell what you know and what you believe to oth ers, because this is a campaign in which everyone is an orator." (Great applause and long orreerln.tr.) A group of farmers tood at the Cox saekie station with a flag waving over them and cheered, while Mr. Bryan bowed to them and begged to be excused from a speech on account of the short stop. The party reached Albany at 4 oclock, and was driven to Senator Hill's house, through a great crowd which sur rounded the carriage at the depot. AT ALBANY Ten Thousand People (lather to Hear a Great Speech ALBANY, N. V., Aug. 25.—The second (lay of Willam J. Bryan's trip westward from the seclusion of Red Hook was an eventful one, crowded with a variety of Incidents of travel, including a pic turesque reception at a summer hotel, a stirring speech to a crowd of working men at the town of Kingston aud culmi nating in a great meeting at Albany, where the candidate spoke to a crowd estimated at from 7000 to 10,000 people, packed in the city hall square under the shadows of the state house. Before this demonstration Mr. and Mrs. Bryan sat tdown to a dinner with Senator Hill and prominent Albany* Democrats at the senator's magnificent home known as Wolfert's Roost, Whith er they were driven directly from the depot and where a strong lunged crowd came near mobbing them on their ar rival. Those who met the Democratic candidate and his wife at Mr. Hill's much discussed dinner were: Supremo Court Judge C. Cady Herrick and wife, Louis AY. Pratt, the collector of cus toms, and wife; Norton Chase, chair man of the city Democratic committee. For nearly three hours Mr. Bryan was the guest of the New York senator and although every participant In the dinner averred that it was a purely social af fair, their descriptions were taken with a grain of salt, it being the general im pression tha>t an understanding was reached which will insure to Mr. Bryan the support of the party organization in tries tate. The crowd began to gather in the city hall square two hours before the meet ing, and when Mr. ISryan faced them the people were packed in solid masses over several acres of pavement and sod, with adventurous men clinging to the branches of trees and climbing to tele graph and lamp posts. His nppearance as he stepped upon the Hag-draped platform, with, to him, the familiar strains of Hail to the Chief clamoring in his ears, kindled a fierce shout which swelled Into three cheers with hundreds of hats and handkerchiefs in the air. He was escorted by Messrs. Pratt, Recorder Matthews, Postmaster Woods and Col lector J. P. Masterson. Senator Hill was not there. Mr. Chase in introducing the orator said: My Fellow Citizens: This is a plain meeting for the plain people, where there is no fuss and no feathers. There is but one man you wish to see, but one man you wish to hear. I have the honor to introduce him to you—the Democratic candidate for president of the United States, William J. Bryan of Nebraska. (Prolonged cheering.) Mr. Bryan spok with more than his customary oratorical force, and, consid ering the size of the crowd, he was lis tened to with most flattering attention. Once the speech was marred by a small knot of Republicans, who interrupted with a straggling cheer for McKinley. Before the speech was finished darkness came on and red lights kindled on the outskirts of the crowd threw a crimson glare over the ffc ld of heads, and then an alarm of fire just as the orator waa ending created a diversion. At the close of his speech Mr. Bryan shook hands with the people who climbed upon the platform. He was driven to the station, preceded by a band and crowds of citizens, who formed in lin? and marched along cheering. Mi- Bryan said, in part: Mr. Chairman and Fellow Citizens: In the presence of this immense audi ence H is hardly necessary to announce that the presidential campaign is open for business. It gives me great pleasure to be permitted to address, even for a short time, the citizens of Albany and its vicinity. I esteem it a privilege to be able to defend in your presence the pol cies which I believe will bring prosper ity and happiness- to the American peo ple. In this line of free government people express themselves through party organizations. It is the only way in which we can give effective force to our convictions. Without party we fight without hope of success. Parties in their THE HERALD LOS ANGELES. WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 26, 1896.-TEN PAGES conventions adopt their platforms and go forth to the people, appealing for the isuffrage of those who believe that through that party and by the policies expressed in the platform they can best serve their country and protect their In terests. The Democracy at Chicago met In convention, and there the majority of the Democrats of the United States, speaking through their legally chosen representatives, laid down a platform and nominated a ticket. It is not to be expected that a person will always find in any platform all that he desires and nothing which he does not like. When a citizen comes to vote he acts with that party and Indorses that platform which give to him the best assurance of securing the most important thlngl; which he desires. It is proper, aye, more, it is necessary that the candidate who stands upon a platform shall Indorse the utterances of his platform, and I stand before you to declare in your presence that I indorse every word and every syllable of the platform adopted at Chicago. (Applause.) But while Ido so, I expect in this campaign the sup port of many Democrats who are not willing to indorse all that the platform declares for. (Applause.) In a cam paign there is alv.Vvs some overshad owing Issue, there is In a campaign al ways one great paramount question, which, more than any other, will deter mine the allegiance of those who sup port the ticket. In this campaign we appeal with confidence to those people who are opposed to a longer continu ation of the gold standard policy in the United States. Our opponents have at last taken a definite position on the money question. The Republican platform adopted at St. Louis declares that the gold standnrd must be maintained In this nation until other nations shall consent to its aban donment. We believe that the declara tion which commits us to a gold stand ard until other nations come to our re lief is equivalent to a declaration in fa vor of a continuance of the gold stand ard, because wo do not believe that other nations will ta.ke pity on us before we take pity on our own people. We have then to consider this question: Ought the American people to submit longer to a gcdtl standard? (Cries of "No, no.") The Democratic party has begun a war of extermination upon the geld stand ard. We ask no quarter; we give no quarter. We Bha\ prosecute our war fare until there Is not an American citi zen that dares to advocate a gold stand ard policy. (Cheers.) You ask why? We reply that the gold standard is a conspiracy against the human race, and that we would no more Join it than we would Join an army marching to despoil our homes and de stroy our families. I ask you not to take my word for the evils of the gold stand ard. I call as a witness a gentleman whose voice has been heard in the coun cils of the Democracy. I ask if you are Inclined to accuse us of using extrava gant language. I ask you to read and reflect upon the langunge used by John G .Carlisle In 1878. In a speech made in congress he said: "According to my opinion, the conspiracy which seems to have been formed here and in Europe to destroy by legislation and otherwise from three-sevenths to one-half the me tallic money of the world is the most gigantic crime of this or any other age. Its consummation would ultimately en tail more misery upon the human race than all the wars, pestilence and famine that ever occurred in the history of the world!" That Is the language of John G. Car- lisle. I believe he spoke the truth, and if it was true then it is true today, and will be true, no matter who may change his opinion or his course upon this ques tion. Truths once uttered will live, no matter what may become of those who I uttered those truths. Men cannot re , tract truths. That prohecy was spoken ; eighteen years ago, an deighteen years of fulfillment has -enabled us to believe I words whic hwere believed by all at the | time they were spoken, i Our opponents tell us that the free ! coinage of silver is going to disturb | business. I ask our opponents to write ! down the worst thing they can possibly I think of as a possible consequence of , the Immediate restoration of the free | coinage of silver, and when they have j writtne their worst,l would place against j the most dismal prophecy they can ut- I ter the words of John G. Carlisle, and tell them that I would tnke the worst thing they could think of rather than bring a misery greater than war, pes tilence and famine. (Applause.) Can you imagine the meaning of those words? No, my friends, the imagina- tion cannot conceive, the tongue cannot describe all that is wrapped up In those words. Can you think of ail the wars of the past? When you remember that from the time Cain killed Able until now history has been little mor; than a record of warfare. Can you re member all those wars, and can you add in one great sum the misery those wars have caused, and then you think of trg pestilences which have visited the earth, the misery that they have brought, and then can you think of the famines that have afflicted mankind from time to time; can you add into one great sum all the misery caused by these three dread destroyers of the hu man race, and then think that the con summation of the conspiracy of those who stand behind the gold standard would more of misery than all of these? Ah, my friends, it is because we believe that this language can over state the infinite distress that the gold standard means to the human race; it is believed we believe that no power on earth will prevent the advocates of free coinage from preaching this gospel wherever they can find those to hear it. (Applause.) Some of our opponents say that they are afraid that we cannot maintain bimetallism alone. We reply to them that we have waited twenty years for other nations to help us, and if we are going to restore bimetallism we have got to restore It alone because others do not come to our assistance. More than that, we believe that the as sertion of American Independence will do more to bring about international bi metallism than a servile dependence upon our enemies to bring it to us. Our opponents say that all we need is n restoration of confidence. Whenever the confidence of man la I abroad in a community the man who has the least confidence gets off with the I most money. (Laughter.) And I am very much afraid that the confidence man is abroad in this campaign preach ing "Havo confidence and all will be well." My friends, confidence must have a basis to rest upon. Our oppo nents say that unless we have our finan cial policy to suit the pleasure of foreign nations they will not loan us any money. We reply that as long as we shape our financial policy according to their pleas ure we will always be borrowers and can never be money lenders ourselves. Confidence must rest upon a substantial basis. Suppose that a man in your com munity gives out his notes until every body has them and then somebody tri?s to collect a note and finds that the man has no property beyond his notes, how can you restore confidence in that men, how can you inspire confidence in the community? Just in one way, and that is by putting properly behind the not--s that he has out. My friends, how are i you going to restore confidence in the United States by legislation value out of the property upon which notes rest ; You have tried, and you have found that bankruptcies have increased yea* by year, and the only people who have prospered are those who o>vn invest ments payable in dollars or money they are making out of the extremities of the government. If you want to restore confidence-you have got to restore pros perity to thelgroat masses of the people, and talk as much about good property a3 they have been talking about good money. Money can be too good. It can be so good that you can long for it and pray for it but cannot get hold of ii. (Laughter.) Remember, that whenever you make money dearer, when you In crease its purchasing power you have simply driven down the value of other I goods, and if those who own money | and who hold contracts payable in dol lars are willing to so legislate as to I make their property more valuable, how can they appeal to those who own I property and owe debts to join them in j that sort of legislation. I have asserted I and I assert again, that without tho aid of money owning classes the gold stand - ard would not stand for one day in any nation under the sun. I assort that be hind the gold standard in this country the only potent force consists of those who hold fixed investments and those who, as brokers, profit the greater by | bond issues. i They tell the'laboring man of this na- I tion that they ought to support a gold I standard. The laboring men have never found the financiers of this nation, the men who have exerted themselves to improve the condition of the laboring man. As a rule they are the men who have spent their time in trying to break down labor organizations, the only pro tection that the laboring man had; these are the men who now come to the help of the laboring man. I ask you if you ought to expect blessings from those you have only received cursing from in the past. (Cries of "No, no.") I notice that one of our opponents the other day said that the old soldiers would be opposed to free coinage. They gave the impres sion that the financiers are very much interested In maintaining' a gold stapd ard for the benefit of the old soldiers, but my friends, these men forget that all the soldiers lived during the war and that during the war the soldiers knew that the financiers made their bonds payable in gold and left the sol dier to offer his life upon the battlefield. (Applause.) More than that, my friends, I do not believe that the soldiers who are willin - to offer their lives if need be in behalf of their country, are today going to .loin a conspiracy to enslave 70,000,000 of free people by fettering them to a gold stand ard. Our opponents, at least some of them, have been appealing to the min ister. I have noticed some of these ad vocates of the gold standard have said that the preachers, that the teachers in religion should favor the gold standard because their salaries were so small that they did not want them reduced. Well, now, I am willing to concede every thing that is right to our opponents, but I must confess that thero is one argu ment which they might make that would appeal to some ministers, If there were any ministers who were In the business of the ministry merely for the dollars and cents there were in it. (Laughter.) I say this is one argumnt, 1 ls an argu- ment that I cannot answer, and I give it to you for all that it is worth. The gold standard makes hard times. Hard times drive men out of employment. Idling is conducive of crime. Therefor tha void. JiMflY PLAYi NO SEE-SAW standard, by increasing the amount of crime, increases the demand for minis ' tors to put down immorality. (Ap plause.) If there is any other reason : why a minister should favor tho gold I standard, I have not heard it and even \ the most astute- of our opponents, have, ,so far as I know, never urged the rea | sons which I have suggested to you. My j friends, there is the general principle t that you can use in governing your course. You may rest assured that in the- long run any policy which bring;: prosperity to the great masses of the people will be shared by all tho people. If you cannot see Just in what particu lar way any given measure is going to benefit you in your business, if you can satisfy yourself that the general public will he benfitted by that measure, you can rest assured that you will receive your proportionate share of it. But I challenge you to search tn all the pages of history for a single instance where the mass of the people would ever bn benefitted by legislation that increased the value of the dollar in which debts had to be paid. (Applause.) My friends, our opponents tell us the 1 silver sentiment is a disease. If so. it I will run its course like whhnpinir cough 'or tho measles. No. my friends, it is | hot a disease. The silver sentiment is : the outgrowth of a condition, and you cannot destroy the sentiment until you have remedied the condition out of which the sentiment arose. I can retaliate upon .our opponents and tell them that this gold standard is a disease. It Is the new yellow fever. (Laughter and ap plause.) But there is a difference be tween the new yellow fever and the old yellow fever. The old killed the people who had tho fever; the new is death to the people who do not have th? fever. (Tremendous applause.) How»can you restore bimetallism? You have got to have a plan If you want to do it. Our opponents tell you'that our policy would disturb business. We tell them that business Is already disturbed, Thoy tell us that if we succeed in this election there will be an interim of a few months before we can put our policy Into operation. We tell you that If they BUCCed there will he four years interim before they can put their policy into operation. (Cheers.) You say you want to stop agitation. How are you going tn stop agitation so long as you have no fixed policy? What is the policy of the Republican party upon the money question? It is to wait until some other nation tells us when we can act for our selves. How long will wo havo to wail ? Ah, my friends, if our opponents suc ceed in this election, will they give us any assurance as to how long it will take foreign nations to help us restore confidence? There is no assurance. The rttcoess of our opponents in this cam paign simply means four years more of the agitation and 'i.en the trial of the remedy which wo ask you to give. We propose that this agitation, which has lasted for twenty years, shall culmin ate now in the restoration of the gold and silver coinage of the constitution. That is all we ask, and my friends, thre is no other way by which you can stop the agitation. You say you do not believe tho ratio of 16 to 1. I tell you that whether you believe in that ratio or not, if you believe in bimetallism you have got to cast your vote with bimetal lists and not with monometalllsts. We believe that this nation, without the aid or consent of any other nation. Is able by opening Its mints to free and un limited coinage at 16 to l,to create a " cmand for silver large enough to ab orb all the silver that will be presented at our mints, and by so doing maintain the parity between gold anil silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. (Applause.) Now. my friends, my time ls up. I must leave you and go to greet other people. I simply appeal to you to join with us If your judgment sustain that aciion in trying to bring back to the people a monetary system which they had and would have had until now but for Its being struck down in the night, without discussion, before the American people. When this has been accomplished some other things will be possible. Until this is accomplished no other thing Is possi ble. I thank you for your kind atten tion. (Applause.) The crowd which followed Mr. Hryan's escort to the depot rushch through the strong force of police, which had been thrown about the building and yard, and closed in upon the carriage which was driven into the building so that the can didate and hia wife had a hard atruggla to get to th"ir car. Then the car was invaded and a dozen blue coats were re quired to clear lt. At tllS the train moved out toward tJtlca, Where the party hail decided to spend the Instead of Syracuse. Rockets, the firing of cannon and vig orous bands spfd the pining guest. Those who have traveled with the-can didate since his nomination say that no demonstration in the campaign has ex celled that at Albany In intensity, and it surpassed the ones at Chicago and Pitts burg in point of numbers. ALMOST A PANIC. T'TIPA. N. T„ Aug. 25, —W, J. Bryan's eventful day enrtVd with an accident that was quite s«rlou«. One-half of the platform from which he was ad dresrlng a crowd of several thousand people In front of Bsggs' hotel in Utlca at mldnlrht fell to the ground, and al though Mr. Bryan escaped injury, sev eral rtthors wrre painfully huri. Clin ton, Beckwlth, a member of the recep tion committee, had an ankle sprained, John T. Teller had a leg broken, and several others were painfully bruised. Though the accident caused a great Commotion and almost a panic, the screaming women and excited men were calmed, and after a delay of te:i mlnutei Mr. Bryan resumed his speech. The Utlca crowd was nearly as large as that which heard Bryan at Albany, and Included several campaign clubs from WatertOWH, Herkimer and other places. HFLP OFFERED The Bimetallic League Issues an Address to Blmstallisti CHICAGO, Aug. 2.",.—An address was issued today to friends of bimetal lism of tho United States," signed by A. J. Warner, president of the American Blmetalllet union, and George K. Bowen, secretary. After declaring the import ance of the silver question in the pres ent campaign, the address says: "The great contest Is now on and it can only be settled at the polls. To the end that the decision may be right. The American Bimetallic union strongly urges the formation of silver clubs and leagues in every state, county, city, town and school district in the union. To all interested In the cause, we say: " 'Organize and we will assist you to the best of our ability.' "Our moans ar? limited and the wealth of the country is arrayed almost sol idly against us, but we will aid In the work of organization and education to the utmost of our ability. Such as can bo furnished free we will provide gra tuitously, and all that necessarily In volves expense we will send at cost. In overs legitimate way we will as sist in diseminating correct information upon this subject, the correct solution of which means so much to the people of our common country." STATE FUSION A Committee o* silverites to Choose the Concreiumen SAN* FRANCISCO. Aug. 2".—Fusion committees representing the Democrats, Populists and Bimetallists met today and appointed a committee of sixteen to be known as tho joint congressional committee, empowered to select con gressional candidates. To nominate a candidate will require tho votes of four Democrats, four Populists and two sil ver men, and such a vote for congres sional nomiueo will be llnal. The candi date receiving such vote will be the nom inee of the three parties. Other nom inees must then withdraw or depend for their support on their personal fol io wing. As the silver men havo no congres sional nominees, it was agreed to give them the permanent officers of the com mittee. Charles D. Lane was elected chairman anil J. P. Ednff secretary. Tho committee then adjourned to meet next Monday. At the session of the congressional committee C. F. McGlashan, Populist nominee from tho Second district, caused some unpleasantness*by stating that he had been informed that there was a scheme on foot to turn the nomination over to Devries of Stockton. Mr. Mc- Glashan declared that he would not re sign his nomination. Joseph Kelly, the Democratic nominee from the Fifth dis trict, says he is going to stay in the light, no matter what the decision of tho fusion committee, and George Monteith, Populist nominee from the Third, it is stated, win do likewise; The only unpleasantness at the ses sion of tho congressional committee was caused by C. F. McGlashan, Pop ulist nominee for congress in the Second district. When bo entered the commit tee room he spoke to A. Camlnetti. say ing: "X am going to throw a bomb into the camp." McGlashan then said that ex-Coiigrosrman Lr.uttit of Stockton had told him that Cator and Caminotti were endeavoring to cause the Populists to take McGlashan down. Camlnetti at once denied tho state ment. "If Louttlt said that," Camlnetti said, "he lied." "You can't call my friend a liar," said McGlashan. "I not only can but do," Camlnetti answered. "I repeat that If Louttit told you that I ever said anything about you and any other nominee or candidate for nomination, or that I was endeavor ing to cause your withdrawal, he is a i liar." McGlashan said that Louttit had made .the staff ment on the boat. Then Cat >r rose and denied the truth cf the alleged j remark of the Stockton man. HOSE EXPLAINS. SAN FRANCISCO,Aug. 86—L. J. Rose makes the following statement with ref erence to a recent interview and hii position regarding the Democratic sit uation In Southern California: "I cer talnly did not wish to sneak bitterly j of the influences which defeated me for j nomination, and as to my having amor- | bid account to give of the contest, my • intention and my feelings were certainly the reverse of morbid, for I was telling of some of the ludicrous incidents that happened during the time. Arbuckle did not line up with us at Los Angeles, but was represented by proxy. Hartman Continued on Second Page. . cirv i> eici.PT* siNtiLH c)»v. , cents ON r»ASPORTATION LHHS. sCe.Nrs THE LAW IS SUSTAINED County Officers Will Hold for Four Years THE LONG AGONY IS OVER The Supreme Court Decides the County Act Constitutional It Applies «o Every County In the State Out* ildu o} San Franclico—Thero Is Much Rejoicing * ' The loner agony is over; tho suspenss is at an end, and today the county office holders throughout the state will breathe easier than they havo for sever al moons past. The supreme court yes terday affirmed the constitutionality ot the county government act. under which every county office-holder in tha state, outside of San Francisco, will hold down his place and draw his salary, for the full term of four years. Ever since the point was raised soma months ago there has been more op less uneasiness among office-holders, and at one time there was a report, which was very generally credited, that a large fund had been raised by the in terested parties to make a legal fight In case it was necessary. The matter was finally got before the courts, and tha office-holders got on the anxious seat. They had gone into oflice with the ex pectation of serving four years, and, as it was tacitly understood that renomin ations would not be in order, they evi dently determined to make hay while the sun shone. Consequently all of tho relatives that could be provided for were given places and the workers were quiet ly and effectively shelved. This, ot course, caused general dissatisfaction. and when the question of the constitu tionality of the law was raised thero was great rejoicing, as it was hoped that it would be knocked out, thus giving tho disgruntled "outs" a chance to play for even. From time to time there have been rumors that the supremo court had de cided against the law, but in every case it was a false alarm. On yesterday afternoon Auditor Bicknoll received a private telegram that the law had been sustained, but the news was too good to be believed, and frequent telegrams were sent ask ing for its confirmation. In this county there is still a question as to the sheriff. Mr. Burr failed to qualify within the re o.uired ten days, and consequently for feited his office, but was elected to tho position by the board of supervisors. The courts will have to determine* whether he holds for the full term or whether the election by the supervisors holds good only until the next general election following. The following Associated Press dis patch was received at The Herald last evening: ALL CONCUR The Oecisldn" irUnanimom on the QuVjtloni Decided SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 25.—The county government act is constitutional. The supreme court, in an opinion hand ed down today and concurred in by all the Justices, so decides. The section of the act intended by tha legislature to except Fresno county from the operation of the general provisions Is declared unconstitutional, and Fresno comes under the general rule of four year terms for county and township of ficers. There must bean election for certain supervisors this fall in the coun ties to which the act applies, though the> two elected In each county in 1894 will hold until IS9S. The decision was rendered In the ease of David Hale vs. Edward McGettigan and others, the board of supervisors ot Solano county. In this ease Judge A. J. Buckles of the superior court of Solan© county enjoined the supervisors from appropriating the county funds for con ducting and carrying on an election for county and township officers in Novem ber of this year, thereby affirming tho validity and constitutionality of the county government act, giving county officers four-year terms. The supreme court takes the same view of the law, except that it holds that certain super visors are to bo elected this fall. But the question of whether this act— tho county government act—applies to the city and county of San Francisco la not. in terms, at least, decided in thl* cause. In brief compass, just what the su preme court decided, in the present case is thus presented by Van R. Patterson, on of tiie attorneys in thecasetif Groez lnger \s, Sutro: "First," Judge Patter son says, "the court decides that thera was no irregularity in tho legislative proceedings leading up to the final paa .sago ot" the act. "Tho second question before the court was whether Sec. GO of the act provld- Ing l or a four-year term was superseded by Sec. 170. "After pointing out the fact that the act in the first 101 sections is general ai d therefore applicable to all coun ties, and the fact that Sec. 102 divides the counties into fifty-three clasaea, tnj court refers to t-!ec. 60, which fixes the term of all county aud township officers at four years. "it then points out the conllict over \\ hicb. there has been so much contention existing between the general provisions found in Sec. 60 and the provision of Sec. 17". which arplies to the eighth class ,that is. to Fresno county alone. In this eighth class the Officers are to be elected for two years. The court con sidered the repugnance between the two, but prooeeds upon well known ruies of construction to hold that as the legisla ture cannot be assumed to have intend ed to enact two inconsistent provisions, and thereby render Its. action unconsti tutional, tho act must beheld to be valid because it is shown by the general scope and purpose of the law that the subsidi ary provisions were uot controllinc. Ir