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THE WOMAN'S PARLIAMENT The Second Day of the Session l!Ut_l _____ / ——— e> Bet They Felt More at Home and Acted Accordingly MORE INTERESTING PAPERS • Tttt Wider Home" Discussed by Mrs. K. W. Pridham Kiss Veta f*. Todd aa -The Science ol Parenthood " The Subject Handled ln a Careful and Painstaking Manner—Mrs. Catt's Lecture ln the Evening—The -Closing Proceedings. The woman's parliament of Southern California concluded yesterday with two sessions of line gatherings and unabated interest. There was a noticeable dif ference ln the attitude of the audiences compared with those of the first day. Repose took the place of the eagerness before. The visitors began to feel at borne; many of the women taking off their hats. The men were not in greater evidence than during the previous ses sions. The topics presented yesterday probably influenced the atmosphere. The morning session was given over to home questions. After the formal open ing of the parliament at 1 a. m. by the president, Mrs. Galpln, and prayer by Mrs. Lucy T. Blanchard, two addresses . were made, followed by liberal discus \ alone. "THE WIDER HOME." Mrs. R. W. Prldham, well known ln Los Angeles society and popular ln all educational circles of Southern Califor nia, presented the first paper. Subject: The Wider Home. A sweet, low voice, but of sufficient volume to be fully heard throughout the church, proclaimed many beautiful thoughts, based on the lines: The best things any mortal hath Are those which every mortal shares. She said ln part: The home is the unit Of civilisation. Its foundations were laid in the garden of Eden. It is the in stitution which underlies all religious all civic and all social life, and around which character expands, develops and reaches up until we see "God in man." No other institution Is so closely linked With all Institutions as the home. Its roots branch from the nursery and cling to the state and country. Men and wom en have ever prayed, suffered and fought for its protection, deeming no sacrifice too great, no burden, too heavy. . Home Is not merely a spot that is Idealized or consecrated to us by affec tion or association. It is the place where we cultivate and nourish those virtues which could never abound in the atmos phere of the world but which within the sheltering walls of home develop a vigor which spreading out goes forth to bless the wider home. No man llveth unto himself. Some one has said that an individual was like a bit of color in a mosaic. Every Just, honorable man is an inspiration to ev ery other man. Every individual, every home, the state and nation, are all but parts, and we cannot fulfill our parts unless "humanity is bound together." Neither can we as women perform our common duties unless in the great household of the world—the equal home of all—the sons and daughters have and share alike. Mrs. Mlla Tupper Maynard was the first member of the parliament called upon to discuss the paper. Each partic ipant in the discussions had but two minutes to speak. Mrs. Maynard seized the thought of creating fellowship with all humanity, which she exemplified J>v an object lesson, In which she described two mothers, the one surrounding her home and children ln exclusiveness, the other large souled and liberal-minded, Who left no call unanswered to leave her home to look after the sick or dis tressed, even if she were occasionally obliged to leave the older children to take care of the younger. This mother fostered in the lives of her children a consciousness and respect for the needs of others unknown In the selfishness of the other home. Mrs. Elmira T. Stephens was the next speaker, emphasizing the idea expressed In the lecture that "no Institution Is Is so linked with all other institutions as the home," believing that the homekeep er having the elective franchise would possess the power of uniting the tie be tween the home and state. The next speaker, Miss Helen Merrltt, demolished the Biblical saying that no man can add an Inch unto his stature. She explained how through physical ex ercise, the merits of which had only re cently been thoroughly understood, she had added five-sixteenths of an inch to her height within the last year. Mrs. Andrews then took the platform. "No man llveth unto himself." was the thought this speaker dwelt upon, bear ing It along to the work of the woman's suffrage campaign cause, beseeching all women to be up at once and doing, the time was short. Miss Harrison, an authority and writ er on kindergarten work, and superin tendent of the kindergarten schools of Chicago, who has been one of the most popular speakers ln the discussions of the parliament, was next called upon. She spoke of the beautiful, earnest mother of her childhood, who thought Susan B. the "worst terror" known, and that one who listened to woman doc tors' lectures i«6a» utterly Impossible. "Now this beautiful mother is of the pact," she said, "but there is much that la rich and beautiful ln obscure mothers today." An given of a *ridow who supported three children by doing tailoring and at the same time ed ucated them herself for college. Miss Harrison asked her how she managed to And time for doing this. She replied: , "I never scoured the nailheads in the garret floor." Mrs. Marchant ot San Bernardino concluded the discussion. MissMStersn James then made a happy Intermission" with a violin solo. Miss Eva Ellsworth played the accompani ment. THE SCIENCE OF PARENTHOOD. - The other paper of the morning was on The.B»!es<oe..qf r Harenthood, ably hand ted ttr?M&:HßjeS M/Todd of Los An feles. ' Leaving out of con di'eration the •ne adverse criticism that me treatment mt the subject wns decidedly one-sided, the paper VfMA most excellent in concep tion and exeOatldn. She stated that in telligent parenthood was a science and that overwhelming need of this "ikew" science. She spoke of the amount of scientific Information that could be found on all other subjects, the raising of stock, the care of crops, even the care of pigs ar.d chickens had been pinned down to scientific methods, but for the wonderful and deep responsibil ity of undertaking a child's life there was but meairre space In science. Men tion was made of the few steps taken In child sociology; of the notice gaining ground, given to laws of heredity and training, and especially of the int.educ tion of the kindergartens; the first sys tematic attempt of developing young children. Miss Harrison spoke again at the close of the lecture, and, by request, named the following works nn kindergarten work beneficial for na them' edificatlor. remarking that mat y women returned home enthused after hearing lectures on the subject, but with no knowledge whereby she could give ltirself a course of training. The books named were Symbolic Education.by Blow;Hailman's Four Lectures to Mothers; Synder'r Commentary on Mother Play, arid Blow's translation of Mother Play. Mis? Harrison's own work, Study of Child Nature, received much commendation, and has had a wide circulation. The book was translated ln both the Ger man and Japanese languages. A few words from Mrs. Severance were again appreciated. Her remarks ran along her favorite topic of "guard ing the cradle." AFTERNOON SESSION. The afternoon session was more en thusiastic than that of the morning.Mrs. Ida R. Spears of Pomona, read a paper on Woman as a Tax Payer. This address was designed to convey legal informa tion of benefit to woman on the plain line of taxes, and was appreciated for Its clearness and conciseness, as well as from its educational value. MRS. MAYNARD'S TALK. Mrs. Mila Tupper Maynard was the next speaker of the parliament, taking the place of Mrs. Laura (J. Riddell, on the subject. Woman as a Wage Earner. Mrs. Maynard has frequently been heard in public, but it is doubtful whether she has excelled her address of yesterday. It was beautiful. She spoke extempor aneously, rapidly, with fire and absolute control of her audience. Acknowledging that woman, as a wage earner, was in a way a usurper, partly through her own fault, or the fault of the laws, the uni verse of progress and evolution, she ex plained, rapidly, through a chain of causes, from the invention of machinery to the present day, why woman has been obliged to be man's competitor. She believed that no woman existed that lived for herself alone, and that the great masses of women who took their places in the working world had other dependent upon them also. After ex plaining woman's necessity of being a wage earner, Mrs. Maynard turned tn the other phase, woman's presumed in equality to man, whereby she cannot receive the same recognition for labor as that accorded to mariv Inequality of condition between the sexes, through woman's deprivation of enfranchise ment would always prserve Inequality of wages. MRS. CATT'S ADDRESS. The parliament had the pleasure of again hearing Mrs.Carrie Chapman Catt of New York. Following ln the wake of Mrs. Maynard's talk on the feminine wage earner, Mrs. Catt extended the theme ln a stirring address that thor oughly aroused the audience. There was no attempt at the witticisms by which many of the female suffrage orators be guile their hearers Into attention, but there was earnestness and dignified ap peal. She spoke among other things of the sweating systems of New York; of the 60,000 women employed in the sweat shops. She described the suffocating rooms, the contracted quarters, and the lives of the women, their Inability and helplessness to effect an Improvement even in the sanitary surroundings. In stances were given of the many petitions that had gone before the legislature of New York, signed by the women, to ob tain a change in the sewage conditions, that had been scorned with the advice that the women get married and have a man to vote for them. Going on, the speaker grew fierce with womankind who encouraged the sweating system in their frantic efforts to get "bargains" in ready-made clothing. Shirt waists were made for two or three cents each and the bargain fiend congratulated herself that she could buy a shirt waist for the cost of the material. Tf all women took the stand of refusing to buy the garments at the sacrifice of the "sweaters" there would be a dearth of sweatshops in a year. In conclusion Mrs. Catt besought her hearers to pray not for the "sweat ers," or against the sweatshops, but for themselves, then»to buckle on their ar mor and go forth to work. Mrs. May nard stated that the sweating system existed in Los Angeles also. The election of officers occupied the remainder of the session. Mrs. Galpln was re-elected president, Mrs. Bull?, chosen secretary and Mrs.Fay treasurer. MRS. CATT'S LECTURE. Mrs. Catt lectured again in Illinois hall to a crowded house, a fair proportion consisting of men. A notable gathering of the feminine world of fashion and ed ucation, as well as the officers and mem bers of the woman's suffrage campaign committee occupied the platform. Mrs. Catt spoke chiefly on the subject of woman suffrage in Wyoming. Tho singing of the national music formed a conspicuous part of the program. BOARD OF SUPERVISORS Struggling Over the Election Boards. Changed Constables The board of supervisors put in most of yesterday trying to arrange the elec tion boards, but owing to various causes it was slow work. From some precincts no names whatever have been submitted and in the list presented by the Repub lican committee were quite a number of names that do not appear upon the- as sessment rolls and consequently had to be rejected. E. D. Brown was appointed constable of Soledad township in place of W. E. Pardee, resigned. Clive A. Richey having resigned as jus tice of the peace of Antelope township. Samuel McCracken was appoitned to his place. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. The board of directors of the cham ber of commerce met yesterday after noon at 3:15. The following directors were present: Cohn, Duque, Forman, Bluett, Qroff, Jacoby, Johnson, Klokke, Kloepfli, Newberry, Munson, Pattreson. Waters. President Patterson occupied the chair. The matter of the proposed excursion of the. delegates of the irri gation congress from Phoenix to Los Angeles, which was referred to the com mittee on transportation, was reported upon and a communication read from the Santa Fe railway company stating that a single fare roimd trip could be made for that excursion, and also for an excursion of Southern California representatives to the congress. RAPID ACCUMTLATIdN OF IN TEREST. ORANGE, Oct. 14.—There are very few Instances on record where interest has accumulated more rapidly than n has In Tip Too Cough Syrup. The reas on of this is that every user of Tip Top Syrup has a persona! Interest in having frtends try it. It pleases the people so well that they become "talking friends." Price 50 cents. All druggists. THE HERALD X-RAYS. Hereafter lt will be necessary to pre sent the X-ray coupon, which appears on the editorial page, In order to gain admission to The Herald's "free clinic." LOS ANGELES HEBAIdJi THURSDAY MOBITOTGr, OOTOBBB IS; 1886 THE HERALD'S X-RAY CLINIC The Largest Number Yet Treated OVER ONE HO GASES Examined Under the Marvelous New Light MANY FRACTURES LOCATED A Shot Found In the Stum? of a Man's Arm Other Cases oi More Than Ordinary Interest Properly Diagnosed Professor Lowe Inspects the Apparatus and Gives His Views—Some Things that Could Be Improved Upon. Special Clinics Today. The Herald's X-ray free clinic yester day morning exceeded in numbers any X-ray clinic yet he'd. Over a hundred cases were examined. Work was be gun half an hour ahead of the time ap pointed, and lasted through the hour set for the nurses till nearly 1 oclock, yet it was only by the quickest work that the clinic could be completed. At one time ten patients were examined in four minutes. This rapidity was excep tional, however, some cases requiring from ten to twenty minutes for exam ination. The day before several find-lt-if-you can cases were brought. For example, one doctor brought a patient of whom he would give no information. Doctor Yoakum found a bullet In him. An other brought a boy "submitted with out comment." Doctor Yoakum found a needle in his knee. That was what they were looking for. It had entered the boy's foot several years before. None of such cases could be stopped for today. Then, too, there has generally been a number claiming on trivial grounds of truth to be afflicted with serious In juries in order to get a view of the ap paratus and Its performances. This sort received very scant attention yes terday. One old lady got in who was surprised and disappointed that the skilled doctor could not locate a flan bone which she distinctly remembered having swallowed eighteen years ago. The doctor was suffering yesterday from a cold and the machine seemed to have another. It acted with all the crankiness of a girl with her first beau. At one time lt did the best work it has yet done, but most of the time it was balky and sulky in its behavior, and disre spectful generally in its demeanor. No body could explain this till finally Miss I Parkinson, the little lady who manipu- I lates the peculiar marvel, declared that the vacuum of the Crooke s tube was too high. Being asked for explanation in technical terms, she said, if the sort of pyrotechnical terms were meant that she had had to overhear through all these clinics, the insolent attitude of the ap paratus was due to the humerus lnterme aiaries of the metacarpal node at its phalangeal junction with the tarsal ulna of the cuthodic potential which had grown fast and adhered to the tibia of the shin-bone of the dingus. This made the whole thing clear. It takes a woman to understand the X-ray outfit. A ma?, would be lost in wonder one minute and want to smash the earth the next. That is the difference between men and women. A woman submitted to the X-ray yes terday was so translucent that her physician. Dr. Semen, could see every bone in her skeleton. He could see the beating of her heart and the out line of her brain within the bony con fines of her skull. This was not alone due to the extraordinary good behavior of the machine, which seemed to smile with especial favor upon this lady. It was due in part to a happy clearness of vision; also, no doubt, in Dr. Semen, who has had but little, if any, experience with the apparatus. Dr. Yoakum was surprised at the clearness with which Dr. Semen could follow him as he lo cated the organs, bones, parts, etc., ln the conflicting shadows upon the screen. It is unusual and attained generally only with practice. Anyone can see the money through a purse, the bones, cords, etc.. of the hand, forearm, foot or lower limb, but when it comes to separating the conflicting shadows of flesh, organs, bones, arteries, etc., of the jumbled-up shadow of the trunk or diagnosing, so to speak, the apparently solid black shad ow the head, and separating by Just a trifling difference of density the outline of the brain and the skull bone, it can generally be accomplished only by an experience with hundreds of cases such as a constant attendance upon The Her ald's clinics, for instance, would give. Aonther of the tubes gave out under today's pressure. With tubes the size of No. 2 lamp chimneys, costing $200 a dozen, giving out at the rate of half a dozen in ten days, the Crookes tube fac tory ought not to complain of hard times. An unusual number of cases of bone fracture, necrosis of bones, stiff joints at knee, wrist and hand, anfl-cas.es sim ilar to those described heretofore were present. One man had a bullet in his knee, another a bullet in his hand, an other a broken ankle, a woman "some thing the matter with her thumb," which turned out to be a needle, plainly visible, another's ribs, breastbone, heart, etc., were unusually plain. The case most interesting of all to the phy sicians present, among whom were Drs. Palmer. Dr. Cuthbert of Santa Monica. Dr. Miller. Robert E. Smith, Dr. Oreen of Pasadena. Carl Sclnvalbe, M. D., Dr. Fred Shurtleff and others, was brought In by Dr. Carl Rchwalbe. It was a case. No. 272. of rickets, which presented 1 very peculiar features, un usual even to physicians. Tt was re quester;, however, that it be not de scribed In the published report of the clinic. Mlsw> Helen Hollar, Miss Sadie O. Walker. Miss Annie McKinney of St. Luke's hospital, San Francisco, Mrs. J. S. Burrel. Mis? Kimbloc, Mrs. Anna White of New Vorls. Sarah .Tarnieson of Boston. Miss Eleanor Jacobson of St. Luke's. Cbicatro, and Emma IC. Fi«her of LouisvlllP. Ky.. left names or cards. Twenty or thirty more nurses were ad mitted to the clinic examinations with which the hour set for their view of the apparatus was overrun. All expressed themselves deeply interested in The Herald's charitable and substantial efforts for the afflicted of all classes, and more pleased ar.d Instructed by the clinic examinations than any special exposition or lecture which could have been devised for their benefit. Thanks are returned here to Mrs. ii, A. Gates of Pasadena, a patient who had had her arm examined last week, and the others who responded to The Her ald's call for extraordinary cases to show the nurses. Issued when lt was un foreseen that the regular cllric cases would b* so numerous as to fully over lap the hour set for the nurses, and of a character to answer the purpose. Prof. T. S. C. Lowe and Mr. Soblenskl Lowe spent an hour with the apparatus, which was not only of Interest to them, but to all who heard the learned electri cian's comments upon lt. Prof. Lowe's world-wide fame a3 a scientist is too j well known ln Los Angeles and vicinity I to need expatiatlon or substantiation of the opinions he expressed. He said he believed this to be only the : first short step into a realm of which the probable attainments in future were in- Conceivably grand. It was In its dlrec- j tion perhaps not more than Franklin's kite in its tlmte was to the inconceivable ! strides in the science of electricity at- | tamed since his day. Prof. Lowe says that exhausted glass tubes are not at all limited to the ores- ! ent size of the Crcokes tubes about four ! inches In diameter. Glass tubes could be made a foot in diameter and exhaust- , ed of air. without danger of crushing by the atmospheile pressure of fifteen j pounds to the square inch. They sb.o)il<l be made in egg shape form and of a j quality of glass very regular and ever. ( in its structure. Beinga sked the thickness necesiary. he thought an eighth of an Inch would. ! If properly shaped, sustain the pressure and instanced an egg, delicate enough in its structure but capable of resisting very great pressure evenly dlst ributetl. The' obstruction to the rays by the glass of the tube was discussed and the rayporter's accidental discovery during the private tests of the machine ln Dr. Yoakum's office at the Bradbury block, before removal to The Herald office was explained to the professor. When it was found that soft white rubber was im permeable to the rays and gut!a percha translucent, a search for a substance other than glass too brittle to trust to, of which bougees and stiff tubes could be made, and one could cast a dark shadow through the fleshy tissues, so that a physician Inserting a tube in awrnnd or channel of the human body cnuM t'ls tinctly mark its course. In these tests the rayporter submitted the handle of a hand mirror set in celluloid. It was found to be opaque as glass, ar.d the very substance searched for. By accident the glass portion of the mir ror was moved over the screen and not only the looking-glass but also the cel luloid behind it was found to be tran >- parent hecause of the layer of mercury. Prof. Lowe thought the caveat covet - ing this discovery would be very valua ble. He answered the objection raised, that the heat of the tube might melt the mercury by saying that in the first place it likely would not. and in the sec ond place if it did a hardening admix ture with the mercury would overcome it readily. Mr. Snbleski Lowe was much inter ested in the phenomena of the imperme ability of giass and soft white rubber, and the translucency of guttapercha and black rubber. He advanced ln ex planation a theory of refracted light rays, but the great peculiarity of the X-ray is indicated by its name of "X" ray. X being the sign of that which Is unknown, the X-ray means ln plain United States English the what-is-lt ray. The ordinary rules for the refrac tion of light do not fit in with its per formances at all. It is a glow, not a ra diating light, and though it conies from an electrical discharge in an exhausted glass bulb, similar to the ordinary in candescent lamp, the light of the incan descent is no more like it than It is like the business end of a fire fly in action. Prof. Lowe subjected to the X-ray a piece of aluminum borrowed of the Pittsburg Aluminum company on Third street. It was very translucent. Al uminum having so many of the charac teristics of glass as to be suspected of being the real malleable glass of the vis ionaries differs from glass essentially ln its translucency under the what is it? X-ray. Professor Lowe at once suggested that the Crookes tube be made of aluminum, but Dr. Yoakum objected that a bulb at it exhausted of air might collapse from atmospheric pressure. The man ager of the aluminum company then quoted as having said Edison had acci dentally discovered that some pieces of aluminum under a current of very high potentiality ln a vacuum had become as brittle as steel, but, delaying investiga tion, had mislaid tho pieces and lost the result of the discovery. Mrs. C. B. Fowler, public librarian and Assistant Librarian Miss Austin, called during Professor Lowe's visit. It was Mrs. Fowler's exhaustive bibliog raphy on the X-ray which brought out the fact that its literature consisted only of articles ln periodicals, and there was no book upon it worthy of the name. This suggested to the writer the treatise .now preparing for the press. T. P. Hatch, Chas. Sumner Green, Frnf. Carlos Bransby, Samuel Levi. Ralph Hoyt. J. Phillips, Chas. T. Battclle. C. E. Jones. Dr. de Derky and C. R. Thomas of the Athletic club, J. T. Cherry, S. Powell and many others visited the ap paratus yesterday. s C. Galvin, a mighty hunter of game at one time, submitted an arm and hand woefully injured ypars ago in a collision with a shotgun. The X-ray located sev eral of the small shot left ln the arm. Dr. John T. Stewart, of Stewart & Fish, physicians and surgeons, reports Miss Grace Bedient of Pico Heights as faring well. Miss Bedient ran a needle in her left foot last Saturday which the X-ray located Tuesday morning. Dr. Stewart operated upon the member on Tuesday afternoon and resubmitted the patient to the X-ray. A small point of needle was found still lodged ln the bone and its removal determined against because of possible danger to the liga ments of the metatarsal junction. <*•' The postolllce employes and letter car riers have requested a view of the X-ray apparatus and will be welcome today from 5 to 6 oclock p. m. There will be a free clinic from 9 to 11 a. m. today. Members of the California club will be welcomed at 3t04 p. m. Tomorrow, Friday, 9 to 11 a. m.. Members of the hoard of trade are invited: 11 to 12 a. m. dentists are Invited: 3 to 5 p. m. profes sors and school teachers. In the evening Dr. Yoakum will ad dress the Los Angeles Medical society at their hall, to which the apparatus will be removed. The Herald's X-ray became Imbued with the spirit of the time last night, and appeared in politics. A. R. Sprague alluded in a speech to William Cleveland and Grover Cleveland, but when he at tempted to correct himself his audience would not have lt done. A voice called out: "It's all right. Colonel; they're just the same under The Herald's X-ray, MISUSE OF PUBLIC FUNDS. The appropriation by the .city coupcll of 16800 for the entertainment of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery of Bos ton has aroused strong and emphatic disapproval. Nothing else could well have been expected under the, circum stances. To appropriate such a sum of money for wines and banquets when our public schools are overcrowded and our school children need better accommo dation could not fall to excite general and sharp criticism. The mayor should not hesitate to veto the resolution. As we said on the day following the passage of the resolution, the Ancient and Hon orable Artillery should be given a warm and suitable reception, but not at the expense of the city. They have never expected to be made the excuse for any such extravagance, and it will be only decnt to relieve them of the awkward dilemma In which they have been placed. —Baltimore Sun. LOTTERY DEALER CAPTURED. A mild-mannered Chinaman whose only name, he said, was Frank, was cap tured selling lottery tickets in a little Joint in the rear of Fourth and Spring streets at 5 oclock yesterday afternoon by Officer Fowler. Frank was marched up to the city Jail and compelled to pro duce 126 before he secured his release. I Fit and Fashion I <$> Co 1 ambus Woolen Co. Here we view The choicest goods in patterns ne\V 1> J Of fit and fashion, patrons know, We give the best, whate'er we dO |» ♦ __,atest style and comfort through, First-class wearing quality, toO X <§> cutters; all know weil in this respect they do excel IVl r ' tcniess Suit, of finish neat, None with them can here compet__J <$> x Bedrock prices, too, we gain, And satisfaction we obtaiJNJ <$> _Jpon South Spring Stroet, all agree, At 248, grand goods we C |> .Strict, prompt attention they will show, At the Columbus Woolen CO % I fiuitsMadeto ffi 4 ft.oof J» Order from.... ejf/ jf \J? j| #. OASV S. Spring Street OJQ Noother Branch in Los An * e,es «» t_af i"t3 Next to Stimsoti Biock «C 3 You will confer a great favor on the management by rejecting anything unsatisfactory. TO THE EDITOR (The Herald under this heading prints communications, but does not assume re nnonstb|llty for the sentiments expressed. Owing to the very large number of com munications received lately by The Herald on the ctltTenoy and other political iiues tions. correspondents will understand that there may be some delay In the publication ot their 'letters. Correspondents are re quested to cultivate brevity at far aa Is consistent with the proper expression or their views.) WOMAN SUFFRAGE. Editor Herald: On the 3d of November the voters of California will decide at the ballot box whether or not one-half of the adult population of California—the women—shall havo equal political rights. The "right" to the ballot is not denied— it is wholly a question of privilege, of abstract justice. I read, overand over again, a very learn ed disquisition on "sex specialization,' und"r the subject of "Woman Suffrage,' by Abbot Kinney, which appeared in The Herald August 30. Perhaps no other opponent of "equal rights to all ar.d spe cial privileges to none" has taken high er ground than he. For this reason I desire to note and refute some of his fal lacies, to the end that right and Justice may prevail. Mr. Kinney contends that woman suf frage is wrong b«oause "religion ln all forms denies politics to woman. * • *" We do not agree that the Christian re union denies "politics to women." A religion which denies "equal rights to ail" Is not founded on truth, does not promote Justice, and must be false. This principle is fundamental. Mr Klnnev lays down an old maxim, that "no rights are long maintained by those wvho cannot defend them." This maxim is obsolete. It was the rule of a brutal past, when government ar.d Indi vidual rights were maintained by force alone. Many states, including Mexico and Switzerland, have maintained their national autonomy for centuries sim ply by the sufferance of other and mightier powers. Again, the women of this country. though weaker than men physically, 'have not only maintained the rights granted them a century ago, but have steadily gained more rights from "liege lords." Surely, when made equal with man before the law, she will have less trouble to defend her rights than when disfranchised. In this tremendous struggle to en franchise one-half the human race, pos sibly Mr. Kinney forgets that lt is a battle of brains and not force, of equal rights, regardless of sex. Their devo tion to duty, their love of home and country. and ability are not questioned. But Mr. Kinney's most serious mistake is in the assumption that giving the bal lot to women will destroy tho "sex spe cialization," and thus deteriorate and sterilize the manhood and womanhood of this country. I call It an assumption because it was not proved. If the ballot seriously affects the female sex, by w-hat law can the male sex escape its baleful effect? If voting degenerates women, can man be exalted by the same process? Most certainly not. If voting causes a woman to be sterile, will it not cause man's sterility, or will it rrlike him virile? Mr. Kinney's premises cannot be true, that giving the ballot to women will result in degeneracy of childhood and sterility of the sexes. His premises are false. Degeneracy, sterility and na tional decay spring from other causes than extending the right of suffrage to intelligent citizens. Where wealth con centrates, until a few persons control the means ot production and distribu tion, and the masses become dependent, there degeneracy, sterility and national decay will follow, as day follows night, and in this way only will these effects of decaying manhood and womanhood become manifest. As Mr. Kinney as cribes the decay of the older civilizations to a want of "sex specialization," per mit me to quote from Sir Archibald Al lison's history of Europe: "The two greatest events ln the history of man kind have been brought about by a suc cessive contraction and expansion ln thr circulating medium of society. The fall of the Roman empire, so long ascribed in ignorance to slavery, to heathenism and moral corruption, was ln reality brought about by a decline ln the silver and gold mines of Spain and Greece. What was true of Rome was also true of most of the great nations of antiquity. Goldsmith well said: "Where wealtnac 'tumulates men decay." Mr. Kinney admits that "sex speciali zation" is most morked in the higher civ ilizations. Therefore, to argue that giv ing the ballot to women will result in degeneracy and sterility is to argue that the ballot is a corrupting Influence, that it is a stride backward. It cannot be true The freer the ballot the wider the order of intelligence. It is proven by the history of the race that man s advance and elevation must be co-equal with that of woman-neither sex can advance beyond the other. . Ii r r. Kinney's opposition Is all based ' 'on theory—against which we present the facts of history. We present to the world the object lesson of Wyoming, rwhich for twenty years has made man and woman equal before the law. The effect of woman suffrage where tried is marvelous. In Wyoming crime, insan ity'and divorce are on the decrease; whereas, in states where equal suffrage is denied, all these Increase more rapidly than* population. This fact demon strates the wisdom and salutary effect of equal suffrage. Against these facts Mr. Kinney alleges that Wyoming, is impotent to maintain order, and recites that the military arm of the government had to be employed to restore order. That Is no answer to the facts above re cited. Many states have been ln like condition of chaos approaching anarchy. New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Kansas, lowa,. Tennessee and even Cal ifornia ban* been forced to ttserthaonU ____ i l^ N s.* J !s o *l , s . HOTEL The only flrst-dass tourist hotel in this, ths leading coaj VRCADI \. resort of the Pacifi: - Surf and hot iJ7ater blt!is I P* s " 4 ** 9 Santa .Monica, Cal. cure f° r nervous and rheumatic disorders. U 4 ■VT'rp A CluaU aaa dove ssatira now open. Ideal aoaommuJations tor bude* 1 A salaintlamenatßauUt OAMi*, heart of ths gum} country, koiki. C. ._m-v t" » MKTKoroMo.oiwii nil tba yoan reduced rnteafor Ml &nd winter, or 4 T A I ii \ A ipeolalooapentloHetooveratraaiiporuAtton.tiOs tnmlestoUatallna and return, accommodation! at Hotel Mciropiie ,ni liiujle IJamp, *»<v • TOT i \r l \ auimaia, «■••- R»cniar ••rvlen per rallrourt time table" Full inform..* 1 ' Hon trom BANNING 00., 2JS South Spring street, Los Angela*. Tourists Should read the Los Angeles Daily Herald, it you are in and tlie city for a few days only and want to keep posted on Residents affairs, local, slate, rational and foreign, send in your order, in Fifteen cents will furnish all this for seven days, delivered at Southern your room, hotel or residence. Th;' Sunday HtPALD is a California magazine which will furnish yon a "v ''•'* reading for 5 eta SR. KELLAM c MERCHKNT TH 11—Or? itary to restore order. I have seen women voting all day long at municipal elections in Kansas, and they were treated with | the utmost respect. Mr. Kinney alleges that equal sut frage will open up new opportunities for women to employ themselves, thus les- i senlng their dependence on man, and i that their new duties will prevent mar- ; riage and maternity, ar.d, Anally, destroy the home. Did Mr. Kinney stop to re flect that hundreds of thousands of girls and women are now forced by their i present environments to crowd almost every avenue of life to earn a livelihood? It will grow worse so long as the pres- ; ent industrial system prevails. Theie- I fore, that is no argument against equal : man, worthy of the bal- j lot himself, would regard his sister or mother with less favor, or love or defend her less, because she chose to aid in making tlie laws which tax and govern her? Few such men re side in California, rest assureo. When women feel their full measure of re sponsibility to the law, we shall have fewer bad laws, and all good and wise laws will be better enforced. G. W. MOSTELLEIt. Lob Angeles, October 11,1896. HOW IT WILL BENEFIT. Editor Herald: One of the pretended arguments of the opponents to the free, independent and unlimited coinage of gold and silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 Is stated in the question frequently asked by them, to-wit: "How will free coin age benefit the laborer. If, as you say such a policy will cause a rise in prices of the commodities consumed by la b °The question assumes what Is not true—that Is, that commodities will rise ln price, but wages will remain station ary Wages are nothing more than the proportion of the products of labor re ceived by the wage-earner, as the re sult of the joint effort of capital and labor. It is true, therefore, as the New- York Journal tersely expresses It, that "a dollar that buys 200 cents worth o. goods will also buy 200 cents worth of labor." The argument that w-ages can remain high and prices of the things produced by labor constantly fall, vio lates every principle of economic reas oning as well as experience. Advocates of the "balloon dollar" attempt to prove that such has been the case by citing statlsticsin certain industries apparently showing that the wage rate has not de clined with falling prices of commodi ties, but, rather, increased. The fallacy of this argument Is apparent upon a moment's reflection. The statistics make no mention of the vast army of laborers who have no regular wage rate, and unless It can be shown that the ag gregate earnings of labor have Increased the argument loses all force. If the aggregate earnings of labor were dis tributed amon« the employed and the unemployed, could' it be said that the wages of labor had been maintained in the face of falling prices? In certain industries, where labor Is highly organ ized, the nominal, day or weekly, wage rate has been maintained: but no men tion Is made of annual earnings, which are considerably lessened because of lost time resulting from falling prices. Owing to efficient organization of la bor In a great many industries, capital first feels the effect of falling prices. Profits are first wiped out, but if this condition lasts long, labor is compelled to share in the loss, and no amount of organization can prevent this result. But is it true that prices will rise before wages will advance? Mr. A. J. Warner, following Prof. Cairnes. shows that a rise ln wages must precede a rise ln the prices of commodities. He says: "Nor Is it true generally that prices go up before wages advance. This Is doubt less true when the price of a thing rises from Its scarcity, but it Is not true when prices rise as the result of an In creasing volume of money. In that case Prof. Cairnes has shown the ten dency would be to abundance, and not to scarcity, which would operate to keep the price from rising, and a rise would not take place till the demand in creased, which would only come for the things consumed by labor by more money being offered for them. This could not take place until laborers had more to spend, which would only be when they earned Is, get better wages." The question, however, goes deeper than merely whether wages have re mained stationary or slightly advanced under a gold standard. Has the labor er received as large return for his labor as he would have done but for the de monetization of silver. Is th* main question. Is not labor progressive? Is not labor entitled to Its share of the blessings resulting from an Inventive and enllphtened age? Mr. Carlisle stated ln his Memphis 1 speech that wages were 61 per cent h'gVr in IS9O than ir, the year 1860, ar.d 8 per cent hfch* r than, in the year 1873. These figures ••how, if Mr. Carlisle wjs correct, that in thirteen years, under d bimetallic system, wages increased G3 per cent, while in seventeen years, undi r the gold standard, there was an Increase of only 8 per cert. In conclusion, we wish lo mention >i few truths in answer to the questl.-m already stated: 1. Wages must be paid out of the p.o duct? of labor. 2. Fallit-ig prices must limit produc tion and at last reduce wages by de creasing the demand for the products of labor and creatine; an army of unem ployed to compete with the more for tunate laborers ln specially favored industries. 3. Falling prices have destroyed all profits of the fanner, and thereby de stroyed the greatest consumers,of nil manufactured articles, which has re acted uDon all other laborers by lessen ing the demand for their products, and consequently, their aggregate earnings, ings. i. The unemployed, resulting from limited production, arc not only a con stant menace to the employed by di rect competition, but they belong to the non-producing class, and hence are un able to purchns> any of the products of the employed. 5. The plain, nractical and speedy remedy Is to restore silver as a primary money and treat it as gold is treated at the mints This would cause an Increase In primary money and a constantly ex panding currency to meet the needs of an increase It population and a growing commerce. Falling prices would he ar rested and production stimulated. In creased production would demand mere labor, and a demand for labor would increase wages. The rise In the price* of farm products would guarantee a profit to the great agricultural classes, which would enable them to become steady consumer* of the products of ail other laborers. N. NEWBY. Los Angeles, October 12, 1136. IN THE PUBLIC EYE. Mrs. Buckner. wife of the "National" Democracy candidate for vice president, was one of the most famous belles of Virginia before her marriage. Henry Ward Beecher once said that If one were to pursue and hunt down all the slanders emitted by idle and vicious gossip, life would be a perpetual flea hunt. On the birth of his eighth daughter last week, Gomer Davis, the editor of a Kansas paper, announced the event in a paragraph beginning: "Everything appears to be coming our way." Judge Joseph H. Earle, who la to suc ceed J. L. M. Irby as a United States senator from South Carolina, is a na tive of that state, is In the fiftieth year of his age, and Is a man of character and standing. . Mrs. Beardsley, the mother of the bish op of Carlisle, England, who died recent ly at the age of 94, had seven sons. <g l of whom took holy orders. Her husband, too. was a clergyman. They were in timate friends of Charlotte Bronte. Mr. Perfect is the name of a Kansan living in Norton county. Second Scrl bante Is the equally odd name of a citi zen of Osage county, the same state. In Linn county George Washington Jones is running for the legislature against• Popocrat named Dinkus. Mr. Gladstone's maiden speech in the house of commons was an unmistakable failure. He spoke so low that even those nearest to him fa iled to catch the drift of his words, and later on he had to rise on "a point of explanation," at the re quest of a speaker, who complained' of the want of clearness of the honorable member for Newark. Patti Is writing reminiscences ln which she says she was born ln 1844; made her debut in Niblo's December 3, 1858. Her good sense, which has long been known. Is again shown in the advice which she says she always gives to girls anxious for success on the stage. She tells them: "You must be a good workman at your trade before you can be an artist la your art." When Henri Rochefort planned the erection of a worklngman's glass l works at Carmaux, to help the glass workers, he received an anonymous gift of 100,000 francs. The donor was Mme. Dimbourg, Who has recently died at Boulogne, aged 72. She was a curious old lady, wildly generous, yet careful to miserliness; sending her gift to the glass works anon ymously, and then complaining when her name was omitted from the stone bearing a list of subscribers. A young farmer of Indiana ate three bars of soap with sucidal Intent because he had been Jilted by his best girl. Anjr woman has a right to go back on a man who looks upon soap as a deadly coat* modlty.